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A)

B)
C)
D)

1.A therapist who uses a variety of psychological theories and therapeutic methods is said
to be
client-centered.
eclectic.
humanistic.
meta-analytic.

A)
B)
C)
D)

2.While focusing on several intrusive thoughts that had been bothering her recently, Jenny
was instructed by her therapist to report any ideas or memories stimulated by these
thoughts. Jenny's therapist was making use of a technique known as
active listening.
free association.
systematic desensitization.
transference.

B)
C)
D)

3.Classical psychoanalysts were especially interested in
encouraging patients to carefully observe the consequences of their maladaptive
behaviors.
minimizing the possibility that patients would experience anxiety during therapy.
discouraging patients from using antianxiety or antidepressant drugs.
interpreting the meaning of patients' resistance to therapeutic procedures.

A)
B)
C)
D)

4.Who emphasized the importance of active listening in the process of psychotherapy?
Mary Cover Jones
Carl Rogers
Sigmund Freud
Hans Eysenck

A)
B)
C)
D)

5.A therapist helps Rebecca overcome her fear of water by getting her to swim in the
family's backyard pool three times a day for two consecutive weeks. The therapist's
approach to helping Rebecca best illustrates
stress inoculation training.
aversive conditioning.
exposure therapy.
EMDR.

A)
B)
C)
D)

6.Systematic desensitization is a form of
aversive conditioning.
exposure therapy.
stress inoculation training.
electroconvulsive therapy.

A)

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systematically associate clients' undesirable behaviors with unpleasant experiences.Nancy's therapist encourages her to think about her strengths rather than her weaknesses and to develop a habit of thanking others when they compliment her or provide emotional support. A) B) C) D) 10. A) B) C) D) 9. and come to meals on time. whatever they do to try to alleviate the condition is likely to be followed by improvement rather than further deterioration. adolescents receive large colored buttons when they hang up their clothes. Mrs. regression toward the mean. A) 12. virtual reality exposure therapy.When people's symptoms of psychological distress are at their worst. tardive dyskinesia. counterconditioning. Redding is feeling a considerable reduction in her appetite. emphasize the importance of clients' personal interpretations of life events. The therapist's approach best illustrates psychoanalysis. This is best explained in terms of systematic desensitization. systematic desensitization.In a home for troubled youth. employ personality tests to accurately diagnose their clients' difficulties. make their beds. This best illustrates systematic desensitization. A) B) C) D) 11. the therapeutic alliance.Because she mistakenly believes that the herbal remedy she is using will help her lose weight. operant conditioning. the placebo effect. B) C) D) 8.A) B) C) D) 7.The double-blind technique is most likely to be used in evaluating the effectiveness of Page 2 . The adolescents return the buttons to staff members to receive bedtime snacks or watch TV. virtual reality exposure therapy. client-centered therapy. cognitive-behavioral therapy. progressive relaxation. This best illustrates an application of stress inoculation training.Cognitive therapists are most likely to focus special attention on clients' positive and negative feelings about their therapists.

who experiences periods of extreme sadness followed by episodes of optimistic overexcitement Ivan. D) emphasizing the importance of using an eclectic approach to therapy. behavior therapies. 13. humanistic therapies. who experiences delusions and auditory hallucinations Landon. who experiences a generalized sense of apprehension and anxiety Miranda.Preventive mental health attempts to reduce the likelihood of psychological disorders by enabling more people to see professional psychotherapists.Which of the following individuals is most likely to benefit from lithium? Olivia. encouraging depressed people to take more personal responsibility for their own problems. A) B) Page 3 . antianxiety antipsychotic antidepressant mood-stabilizing 14. C) establishing programs to wipe out poverty and other demoralizing situations. drug therapies. who experiences sudden brief episodes of intense dread and panic 15.A) B) C) D) A) B) C) D) A) B) C) D) cognitive therapies.Tardive dykinesia is associated with the long-term use of certain ________ drugs.

C 15.D 4.B 7.B 14.C 9.Answer Key 1.B 5.C 12.B 3.D 11.C Page 4 .D 13.C 8.C 10.C 6.B 2.