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Republic of the Philippines

Article 1- General Provisions

Department of Environrnent and natural Resources


Visayas Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City
Tel Nos. (632) 929-66-26 to 29 (632) 929-62-52
929-66-20 929-66-33 to 35

DENR Administrative Order


No. 2007- 29

SUBJECT: Revised Regulations on Land Surveys


Pursuant to Executive Order 192, otherwise known as the
"Reorganization Act of the Department of Environment and Natural
Resources" (DENR), defining its mandates, organization and functions,
Commonwealth Act No. 141, otherwise known as "The Public Land Act",
as amended, Presidential Decree No. 1529, otherwise known as the
"Property Registration Decree", Presidential Decree No. 705, otherwise
known as "Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines," as &mended,
Republic Act No. 7586 or the "National Integrated Protected Areas
System Act of 1992," Republic Act No. 7942 or the "Philippine Mining Act
of 1995," Republic Act No. 8560, otherwise known as the "Philippine
Geodetic Engineering Act of 1998, as amended," and other pertinent
laws, and in order to keep abreast with the advancement in procedures
and technology in surveying and mapping and to improve the delivery of
public service, the following rules and regulations on land surveys are
hereby issued for the guidance of all concerned.

Section 1. Policy and Objectives - It is the policy of the state to


accelerate the adjudication and disposition of lands of the public domain
for the purpose of achieving tenurial security, land ownership equity,
improvement of standard of living and stimulation of land market
activities in consonance with the principles of sustainable development.
Toward these ends, the DENR shall pursue as a priority, the
unification, synchronization and regulation of all surveys on, but not
limited to, agricultural lands, mineral lands, forestlands, protected areas,
civil and military reservations, road networks and lands for other
purposes and expedite the conduct, verification and approval of surveys
thereon.
a. In line with these policies and objectives, there is a need to

progressively review and update the country's land survey


regulations and streamline the survey procedures, simplify its
requirements, and introduce provisions on business process
reengineering; and,
b. It is also the objective of DENR to pro-actively enable all
individuals concerned to keep abreast with the dynamic
advancement of surveying practices and technologies and
enhance their capability, effectiveness and the efficiency in the
conduct of land survey for registration, development, and for
other purposes. .

Section 2. Scope and Coverage- 'This Order shall cover the policies
ant1 standards on land survey and mapping activities. Surveys covered
include control surveys, cadastral surveys, isolated surveys, mineral land
surveys, forest and protected areas/natural parks delimitation surveys.
However, survey regulations and specifications governing forest

delineation, hydrographic surveys, tidal observations, remote sensing


and other allied field not covered by this Order shall be provided in
separate issuances.

f. Land Registration - shall refer to the official recording of land


ownership based on the legal documents submitted to the
Register of Deeds for the Province or City where the land is
located.

Section 3. Definition of Terms - The following terms as used in this


Regulation are hereby defined as follows:

g. Metes and Bound - shall refer to the description of a land


parcel with its boundary directions and distances, together with a
note of adjacent property owners, their lot numbers, and other
relevant natural and man-made features.

a. Cadastral Map (CM) - shall refer to a map made as a result


of a Cadastral Survey, drawn to appropriate scale and showing all
land parcels and important natural and man-made features within
a municipality/project, for purposes of describing and recording
ownership.
b. Cadastre - shall refer to a set of records about parcels of land
consisting of a spatial reference and the related information on
the area, ownership/claims, value and use of land primarily for
taxation purposes.
c. Delimitation Survey - shall refer to the establishment of the
permanent forestland and protected area boundaries by
conducting actual ground survey.
d. Geodetic Engineer (GE) -shall refer to a natural person with
professional expertise in the field of surveying and the
corresponding survey data presentation in the form of maps,
plans, geo-spatial digital maps, etc.; either in the government
service or in the private practice, and who has been issued a
Certificate of Registration and Identification Card by the
Professional Regulation Commission (PRC)- Board of Geodetic
Engineering pursuant to Republic Act 8560, the Geodetic
Engineering Act, as amended.
e. Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) - is the
standard generic term for satellite navigation systems that
provide autonomous geo-spatial positioning with global coverage.

h. Monument - shall refer to any concrete object that is set


permanently in the ground to mark the position of a point or a
boundary corner.
i. Muniments of Titles -deeds and other documentary evidence
of title or ownership to land.
j. Parcel Information Sheets (PIS) - shall refer to a document
recording the boundary adjudication agreement by all concerned
and participating claimants or owners, in collaboration with the
geodetic engineer, a Barangay official, and adjudicator, indicating
and describing the boundaries of a land parcel and any natural
features, marks and occupations that are or near the boundary in
the manner prescribed in the Manual of Procedures.
k. Patrimonial Property - shall refer to properties owned by
title State but are not intended for public use, public service or for
the development of national wealth.
l. Projection map - shall refer to a map where all lots subject for
verification and approval are plotted to determine cases of
overlaps with previously approved plans.
m. PRS92 - shall refer to the Philippine Reference System of
1992, a national common coordinate reference system for all
surveys and maps pursuant to Executive Order No. 45 dated
January 5, 1993, as amended.

n. Reclamation Projects - Filling of submerged land duly


approved by the Philippine Reclamation Authority
o. Reference Point - shall refer to a point appropriately marked
on the ground with an established horizontal and vertical position.
p. Secretary - shall refer to the Secretary of the Department of
Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).
q. Survey Plan - shall refer to a two-dimensional map showing
title metes and bounds of a surveyed parcel or parcels of land and
other pertinent information.
r. Survey Returns - shall refer to the collective documents
submitted by a Geodetic Engineer (GE) as a result of the survey
conducted and other relevant documents as may be required.
s. Unique Parcel Identifier (UPI) shall refer to the number
exclusively assigned to a land parcel in reference to its physical
spatial position Land Information Map (UPI= LIM Number + Parcel
Number)

Article 2 Classification of Land Surveys


Section 4. Control Surveys shall refer to the survey conducted to
determine the horizontal and vertical positions of points which will form
part of a geodetic network or project controls over an area which will
subsequently become the basis in determining the rectangular
coordinates in an area.
a. Geodetic Control Surveys shall refer to the surveys
conducted covering extensive areas which take into account the
curvature and the geoid-spheroidal shape of the earth at sea level
for the purpose of establishing basic network of reference points,
covering the first and second order controls.

b. Project Control Surveys - shall refer to the surveys conducted


to establish the positions of points of reference for projects with a
limited geographic coverage such as a municipality, a large
isolated tract of land, a group settlement, a barangay or group of
municipalities, covering primary control (third order), secondary
control (fourth order) and tertiary control.
Section 5. Cadastral Surveys - shall refer to the survey made to
determine the metes and bounds of all parcels within an entire
municipality or city for land registration and other purposes.
a. Numerical Cadastre shall refer to a cadastral Survey wherein
the bearings and distances of the individual lots are determined
from the computations based on the actual ground survey.
b. Graphical Cadastre shall refer to a cadastral survey wherein the
bearings and distances of the individual lots are determined using
transit and stadia, scaling from photo map, and other graphical
methods.
c. Public Land Subdivision shall refer to the subdivision of A&D
lands covering an area of more than 1,500 hectares.

Section 6. Isolated Surveys - shall be comprised of all classes of


surveys of isolated parcels of land used for agricultural, residential,
commercial, resettlement, or other purposes covering areas not more
than 1,500 hectares. These surveys are classified as follows:
a. Group Settlement/Townsite Subdivision Surveys shall
refer to the subdivision of A and D lands of not more than 1,500
hectares into 50 parcels or more.
b. Public Land Surveys- shall refer to all original surveys covering
A and D lands which has not been subjected to private rights nor
devoted to public use pursuant to the provisions of public land
laws.
c. Amendment Surveys- shall refer to the surveys covering
untitled/undecreed properties by changing the number of lots

thereof without affecting the original technical description of the


boundary
d. Private Land Surveys - shall refer to the surveys covering lands
claimed or owned by an individual, a partnership, a corporation,
or any other form of organization, undertaken for purposes of
original or subsequent land registration.
e. Government Land Surveys - shall refer to the surveys of
parcels of lands administered by or belonging to the National
Government or any of its branches and instrumentalities which
include:
i) Friar Land Estates Surveys - shall refer to the surveys on the
lands purchased by the government from the Religious Orders
and private corporations from 1904 to 1913, for distribution to
actual occupants and bonafide settlers pursuant to Act 1 120,
otherwise known as the Friar Lands Act,
ii) National Government Lands Survey - shall refer to the surveys
of all patrimonial properties owned by the government not
intended for public use; and
iii) Local Government Units (LGU) Lands Surveys shall refer to
the surveys on the lands acquired by the provincial,
city/municipal, or barangay government pursuant to the Republic
Act 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of
1991, and other pertinent laws which are not needed for public
purposes.
f. Conversion Surveys- shall refer to the surveys conducted for
the purpose of transforming/converting the lots covered by
approved graphical cadastral surveys, cadastral mapping (Cadm)
and photocadastral mapping (PCadm), into numerical or regular
cadastral lots, with computation and plotting in the system of the
cadastral project. g. Other Land Surveys- shall refer to the surveys made for

purposes of determining the metes and bounds of parcels not


included in the enumeration above and intended for a specific
purpose.

Section 7. Mineral Land Surveys shall refer to surveys of mining


claims, quarry applications, sand and gravel applications, and other
mineral lands within private or public lands, executed for mineral
agreements, permits, licenses or for other purposes pursuant to the
provision of Republic Act No. 7942, otherwise known as The Philippine
Mining Act of 1995.

Section 8. Forestlands and National Parks/Protected Areas


Delimitation Surveys shall refer to the surveys conducted by the
Regional Composite Survey Team (RCST) or qualified private Geodetic
Engineers in order to delimit on the ground the boundaries of forestlands
and national parks/protected areas from the agricultural (A and D) lands
as delineated pursuant to Sections 3 and 4, Article XII of the 1987
Constitution, PD 705, the Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines and
Republic Act No. 7586, otherwise known as the National Integrated
Protected Areas System Act of 1992." It shall also include the
subclassification and zonification of said areas.

Article 3Practice of Geodetic Engineering within the ambit of the


DENR
Section 9. Persons Authorized to Conduct Land Surveys All Land
Surveys and mapping activities under the scope and coverage of this
regulation intended for disposition, registration and other purposes shall
be made only by a Geodetic Engineer pursuant to RA 8560, as amended.

a. He/She shall be a holder of a valid Professional Regulation

Commission (PRC) registration, PRC identification card, current


professional tax receipt (PTR) and tax identification number
(TIN).
b. He/She shall be an active member of a PRC accredited
association of Geodetic Engineers pursuant to R.A. 8560, as
amended.
c. Geodetic Engineers in government service may execute surveys on
government projects upon authority/order issued by a court or
authorized official of the concerned agency. Section 9 a and b above
shall also apply to them, except PTR.

There shall be created a national database of registered GEs. The


LMS shall submit a listing of practicing GEs in their Region and the
corresponding PRC Registration Number with the Date of Issuance, to
the LMB who in turn shall validate the data thereof with the PRC-Board of
Geodetic Engineering. Upon validation, the LMB shall update the GEs
National Database and furnish all the LMS Regional Offices with the
Official Listing for their reference.
Section 10. Geodetic Engineers (GE) Dry Seal - In order to insure
the authenticity of survey returns submitted to the DENR in accordance
with laws and standing regulations, and to protect the public, all
concerned practicing GEs are hereby required to use GE dry seal with an
engraved PRC Registration Number and the Date of Issuance.
Section 11. GE Index Cards - The Regional Surveys Division (RSD)
shall maintain an Index Card for every practicing GE which shall be
signed by the said GE in every submission of their survey returns. The
said Index Card shall contain the name of the GE, gender, date of birth,
PRC Registration No., and the date of issuance and space for three (3)
specimen signature and three (3) initials. Moreover, it shall provide
columns for information on the submitted survey plans such as survey
symbol and lot numbers, location, area, name of claimants/owners, date

of submission, acceptance logbook entry, number, and date of approval.

Section 12. Corporate Practice - In consonance with RA 8560, as


amended, the Director of LMB and the RTD for Lands, shall ensure that
no firm, company, partnership, association or corporation will participate
in the conduct of bidding for survey projects or submit survey returns
unless the proprietors are GEs or the controlling group are GEs. In all
cases, the team leader of the survey project shall be a GE.

Section 13. Blacklisting of Geodetic Engineering Practitioners Firms, companies, partnerships, associations, corporations or individual
practicing GEs who abandon DENR bid survey projects without
reasonable cause shall be barred from participating in the bidding of
other survey projects and in the actual conduct of such surveys. The
LMB/LMS shall pursue the necessary and appropriate legal actions
through the PRC - Board of Geodetic Engineering and the proper Court
against the said erring practitioners/firms. The LMB/LMS shall likewise
publish/post the list of delinquent surveying companies or practitioners
and may impose sanctions such as non-acceptance of the survey returns
of isolated surveys submitted for verification and approval. Blacklisted
practitioners may be reinstated upon completion of the project and in
accordance with the Manual of Procedure.

Section 14. Utilization of New Methods and Technology Consistent with the policy of upgrading survey and mapping practices,
and database management, the LMB/LMS and practitioners shall utilize
the most appropriate modern techniques and technology. The LMB shall
develop a national system to expedite projection, verification and
approval of surveys, which are consistent with the state-of-the-art
technologies, processes and procedures.

Article 4 Survey Order and Authority

RED

-Parks and Protected Areas Delimitation Surveys,


SO if area is 5,000 hectares and above

Section 15. Authority to conduct surveys in lands of the public


domain The GE shall first secure a survey order or survey authority
before conducting surveys of lands of the public domain.

-Political Boundary Survey SO if there


involved inter regional boundary dispute

a. Survey Order (SO) shall refer to the instruction issued by


the concerned DENR Official to a government GE or private GE to
conduct survey over a parcel of land of the public domain or
survey project for a specific purpose.

Secretary

Director, LMB

-Reclamation Project Surveys, SO if area is 100


hectares and above
-Isolated Land Surveys, SO if area is more than
100 hectares
-Survey of LGU Lands, SO for area more than 100
hectares
-Foreshore Land Surveys, SA if area is more than
100 hectares
RTD for Lands

- Parks and Protected Areas Delimitation Surveys,


SO if area covers 2 ormore regions

-Political Boundary Survey, SO is the involved are


the barangays of the same city or municipality
-Public Land Subdivision, SO

- Delimitation Surveys for Watershed Reservation,


SO if area covers 2 or more regions

-Reclamation Project Surveys, SO if area is less


than 100 hectares

- Political Boundary Surveys, SO is area involved


boundary dispute between two (2) or more
provinces belonging to different regions

-Townsite Reservation and Group Settlement


Surveys, SO if area is up to 1500 hectares

- Isolated Land Surveys, SA if area is covered by a


special law/proclamation giving jurisdiction to the
LMB
Admin, NAMRIA

is no

-Delimitation Survey for Watershed Reservation, SO


if area in the same region is 5,000 hectares and
above

b. Survey Authority (SA) - shall refer to the permit issued by the


concerned DENR Official to a private Geodetic Engineer to conduct
isolated survey over public lands for public land application
purposes.

Section 16. DENR Officials who shall issue Survey Order and
Authority. The following DENR officials shall issue SA/SO for the
conduct of surveys of public and government land for land registration
and other purposes:

-Cadastral Surveys, SO

- Delimitation Survey on Land Classification, Survey


Order (SO)

-Isolated Land Surveys, SO if area is more than 12


hectares, up to 100 hectares
5

-Survey of LGU Lands, SO if area is up to 100 hectares


-Foreshore Land Surveys, SA if area is 12 hectares up to
100 hectares
Regional Director MGB-Mineral Land Surveys, SO
RTD for Forestry

-Delimitation Survey for Watershed Reservation, SO


if area in the same region is less than 5,000
hectares

the person or entity in which the encumbrance was executed in favor of,
shall be submitted. In addition, if the land is subject of ongoing court
litigation as shown at the back of title, a written authorization from the
concerned court shall be secured. The certification on the copy of title by
the Register of Deeds (ROD) shall be valid only for three (3) months
before the submission of survey returns.

RTD for PAWCZMS Parks and Protected Areas Delimitation Surveys,


SO if area is less than 5,000 hectares

Section 19. Conditions in the Granting of Survey Authority and


Survey Order. Before an SO/SA is granted, the following conditions
are required:

CENRO

a. Survey Authority - That the parcel subject of the request shall:

-Isolated Land Surveys, SA if area is 12 hectares


and below
-Foreshore Land Surveys, SA if area is 12 hectares
and below

Section 17. Survey on Lands within the Jurisdiction of other


Government Agencies. - The Head of the concerned government
agency or his/her duly authorized representative shall issue survey
authority for survey of lands under the jurisdiction of their respective
agency by virtue of existing laws. The copy of pertinent laws, legal
documents or muniment of title stating therein their jurisdiction or
ownership over the subject property shall be included in the survey
returns.
Section 18. Survey of Private Lands. The GE shall undertake
surveys of private land upon request or authority of the owner or legal
claimant or authorized representative or upon receipt of a court order. He
shall include the proof of ownership or any document stating the
claimants/owners muniment of title to the land or the basis on which
private ownership is claimed and the particulars thereof when submitting
survey returns for verification and approval. If the land is encumbered as
shown in the entry at the back of the title, a written authorization from

1. Be within the A and D area.


2. Have no existing claims and conflicts *
3. Be outside any existing civil, military and/or any other kinds of
reservations
4. Not be the subject of a pending land registration case or any
pending litigation.
5. Not be within any ongoing cadastral or public land subdivision
project.
The report of investigation on the above conditions may also be used
in the issuance of the corresponding patent, lease or any form of public
land disposition.
b. Survey Order - The following shall be required in the issuance of SO:
1. Clearance and/or endorsement from concerned agencies which
has jurisdiction over the parcel involved.
2. Copy of court order, if the subject parcel of land is under
litigation.

Section 20. Validity of Survey Order and Authority The validity of


SA and SO shall be as follows:
a. Survey Authority shall be valid for a period of 6 months from the
time of its issuance up to submission of the corresponding survey
returns.
b. Survey Order-shall be valid within the period as stipulated thereon.

Article 5 Surveying Instruments

Section
22.
Calibration
and
Registration
of
Surveying
Instruments. All conventional survey instruments, GNSS receivers
and smart stations shall be properly calibrated by and registered to the
LMB/LMS before it can be used for any kind of survey covered by this
regulation. Surveys made with instruments without valid registration
shall not be accepted for verification and approval.
a. Original Certificate of Instrument Registration (CIR) shall be issued by
the LMB after the calibration. A National Database on survey instruments
shall be established and maintained/updated by the LMB. The validity of registration shall be:

Section 21. Types of Survey Instruments. The following


instruments shall be used in the conduct of surveys for the issuance of
land patent, leases, adjudication of titles and for other administrative or
judicial purposes:
a. Conventional surveying instruments which shall refer to the
instruments in the conduct of traverse, triangulation, and
trilateration and other terrestrial-based surveying methods.
b. Aerial photogrammetric instruments which are used in aerial
triangulation, compilation and feature extraction using aerial
photograph high-precision cameras mounted on an aircraft.
c. GNSS Receivers refer to User Segment in the satellite-based
positioning system.
d. Smart stations a combination of GNSS and total stations.

Technical specifications of the above mentioned instruments shall be


in accordance with the specific requirements necessary in a particular
type of survey.

1. For steel tapes: two (2) years or up to three (3) breaks,


whichever comes earlier;
2. For engineers transits and optical and electronic theodolites:
three (3) years;
3. For EDM and ETS: two (2) years.
4. For GNSS Receiver: two (2) years.

b. Renewal of CIR may be issued by the LMS concerned after the usual
recalibration thereof. A copy of the renewed CIR shall be furnished to the
LMB for updating the National Database on Surveying Instruments.
c. A copy of the CIR shall be furnished the LMS at the start of every year
for indexing purposes.

Article 6 Coordinate Reference System


Section 23. Position of Survey. - The complete horizontal position of
reference points shall be expressed in latitude and longitude and
rectangular grid (northing and easting) coordinates, collectively known
as the Geographic and Plane Coordinates (GPC). In all cases, the
coordinates of reference points shall be referred to PRS92.

Section 24. Datum - shall be the level surface, which is at every point
perpendicular to the direction of the gravity. It shall be used as reference
for the position on the earth's surface (Horizontal Datum) and the
elevation (Vertical Datum) of points. The data used in the country are
the following:
a. Luzon 1911 Datum shall refer to the Triangulation Station Balanacan
located in Marinduque Province which has the following description:
Coordinates: Latitude = N 13 deg. 33 min. 41.000 sec.
Longitude = E 121 deg, 52 min. 03.000 sec.

Townsites, etc.) or per locality or municipality, wherein the


relative position among the control points within the same system
can be determined.
b. Philippine Plane Coordinate System (PPCS)/Luzon 1911, also
known as the Philippine Transverse Mercator (PTM), are
transformed from geographic to grid coordinates on the Luzon
1911 Datum, determined through astronomical observations.
PPCS-PTM was adopted as the coordinate system in the
Philippines pursuant to Lands Circular No. 64, dated June 30,
1965 with the following characteristics:
Spheroid: Clarke 1866

b. PRS92 Datum - shall refer to the modified Luzon 1911 Datum which
was adopted as the datum for PRS92. Upon full implementation of
PRS92, the PRS92 Datum (adjusted Luzon 1911 Datum) shall be the sole
datum to be used in all surveys and mapping in the country. The PRS92
Datum shall have the following description:
Spheroid: Clarke 1866
Geoid-Spheroid Separation: 0.34 meters
Coordinates: Latitude = N 13 deg. 33 min. 41.000 sec.
Longitude = E 121 deg, 52 min. 03.000 sec.

Section 25. Coordinate System shall be the mathematical system of


locating positions based on the standard datum and GPC. The following
are the coordinate systems for survey in the country:
a. Local Plane Coordinate System (LPCS) also known as the
floating reference system wherein the surveys are referred to
location monuments with no definite geodetic positions and no
subsequent adjustment to the basic geodetic control network.
These reference points are established as the need arises, per
survey project (Public Land Subdivision, Group Settlement,

Projection: Transverse Mercator, in Zones of two degrees


net width
Point of Origin: Intersection of the Equator and the
Central Meridian of each zone, with Northing of 0 meter
and an Easting of 500,000 meters
Scale factor at the Central Meridian: 0.99995

c. PPCS/PRS92 shall be the plane coordinate system referred to


the modified Luzon 1911 Datum known as PRS92. It shall replace
the PPCS/Luzon 1911 and serve the standard coordinate system
for all surveys in the country pursuant to Executive Order No. 45,
series of 1993, as amended.

Section 26. Data Conversion, Transformation and Integration to


PRS92. All existing survey records, maps and plans shall be transformed
and integrated to PRS92.
a. The current set of parameters being used to transform WGS84
coordinates into PRS92 coordinates and vice-versa shall continue
to be utilized in the densification or establishment of new control

b.

c.
d.

e.

f.

points, until such time that a new set or sets of transformation


parameters are determined. NAMRIA in coordination with
LMB/LMS, shall conduct research and development works to
formulate the appropriate set or sets of local/zonal parameters.
To facilitate proper integration of datasets into PRS92, the
Bureaus and regional offices shall convert expeditiously all
technical description of lots and survey maps/plans in their
custody into digital files.
Recovery and observation of existing reference points shall be
prioritized by the LMS.
The PPCS/Old Luzon coordinates of datasets still in LPCS shall be
derived before transformation to PPCS/PRS92 coordinates.
Submission of digital survey returns shall be encouraged to
minimize conversion works.
All surveys and maps that are still subject to ground survey
pursuant to the policy issuances/proclamations or those not
referred to any coordinate system shall immediately be converted
to existing geodetic or project control. To address the problem on unavailability and insufficiency of
Survey records, the LMB/LMS and NAMRIA shall initiate
programs/activities on the reconstruction of all damaged or wornout maps/plans and technical descriptions and reconstitution of all
those missing, in accordance to existing rules and regulations on
such activities.

Section
22.
Calibration
and
Registration
of
Surveying
Instruments. All approved graphical cadastre shall be converted to
numerical cadastre and integrated into PRS92.

Article 7 Survey Accuracy


Section 28. Control Surveys - For the purpose of this Regulation and
consistent with the adoption of new survey technologies, the Control
Survey Accuracy shall be as follows:

a. Geodetic Control
Accurac
y

Relative Error

Linear Error

Nominal
Space

Vertical Accuracy

First
Order

1/100,000

1 cm per
km

50 km

4.80 mm multiplied by
the square root of the
Distance

Second
Order

1/50,000

2 cm per
km

25 km

8.40 mm. multiplied by


the square root of the
Distance

Third
Order

1/20,000

5 cm per
km

Fourth
Order

1/10,000

10 cm per
km

12.0 mm. multiplied by


the square roots of the
Distance

b. Project Control:
1) As per accuracy, these are classified into Primary,
Secondary, and Tertiary Control Surveys, the specifications
of which shall be the following:

Theodolite
Accuracy
Control

Area to be
Controlled

Primary

Over
15,000

Secondary
Control

Accuracy of
Geodetic
Control

Relative

Linear

Vertical

Error

Error

Accuracy

1/20,000

5 cm
per

12.0 mm
multiplied by
the square
root of the
Distance

1/10,000

10 cm
per km

3rd Order

1,500 to
15,000
hectares

4 Order
th

Tertiary
Control

I/5,000

20 cm
per km

Standard of accuracy for traverse, triangulation and trilateration using


transit and other conventional instruments is as follows:
SPECIFICATIO
N

Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

Spacing
stations

of

Between
100
m. to 1,000 m

100 m. to 500
m.

As required

Area
to
controlled

be

Over l 5,000

1,500 to 15,000

Less than 1,500

2.5

10.0

30.

Angular error of
closure not to
exceed
No. of
observations:
Positions with 1
second

Set with 20 or 30
second transit

6 D/R for
interior and
exterior angles

4 D/R for
interior angle
for circuit and
loop traverse
clamped

Clamped plate

** Linear error of
closure not to
exceed

0.0001 P

0.0002 P

0.0005 P

Azimuth reading

1.0 second

10 to 15 sec.

30 sec. to 1
minute

Instrument least
reading

1 sec.
Theodolite; 20
to 30 transit

1 minute transit

Astronomic
Observations:
No. of series
night or day
Probable error of
astronomical
observations not
to exceed
Azimuth checks
not to exceed

8 or 4, am and
4, pm

1 sec.
Theodolite or
20 to 30
transit
4 or 2, am and
2, pm

TRAVERSE

P
2

S
1

as required

10

20

30

15

as required

No. of stations
between azimuth
checks not to
exceed

25

*** Distance
Measurement

Nearest mm.
with Cs, Ct, Cp,
Cg and Csl
measured twice

Nearest mm.
with Cs, Ct, Cp,
Cg and Csl
measured twice

Nearest cm.
measured once

Probable error or
distance
measurement not
to exceed

1:40,000

as required

as required

Vertical Accuracy

12.0 mm.
multiplied by
the square
roots of the
distance

Relative error
after azimuth
adjustment

1:20,000

35

50

1:10,000

Angular Observations
Positions with 1 second
Theodolite

*** Cs, Ct, Cp, Cg, Csl is correction due to sag, temperature, pull, grade
& sea level

1-3 km

4 D/R for
interior angle
and exterior
angles

10

As required
2 D/R

30

Probable error not to


exceed

1:40,000

as required

as required

Check on base not to


exceed

1:20,000

1:10,000

1:5,000

2) The location monuments shall be connected by a control of secondary


precision from previously established reference point provided that no
lots shall have a distance of more than one (1) kilometer from the
nearest reference point.

** Pp, Pt is the perimeter of the control

Spacing of stations not to


exceed

Triangle closure not to


exceed Base
Measurement

6 D/R for
interior and
exterior
angles

1:5,000

*P, S, T is the no. of stations

SPECIFICATION

Set with 20 or 30 second


transit

TRIANGULATION
1 km

Consistent
with good
sighting

Section 29. Cadastral Surveys - The GE shall be guided by factors of


efficiency and effectiveness in selecting the surveying methods and
equipment in order to attain the following accuracies:
a. The establishment of Controls and Political Boundary Survey
(municipal) shall be in accordance with the 3" order (Primary
Control) accuracy requirement. The Barangay Boundary Survey
shall be in 4"Order (Secondary Control) accuracy.
b. Lot Survey Accuracy. The standard accuracy of traverse closure

shall be in
requirements.

accordance

with

Tertiary

Control

Surveys

Section 30. Isolated Surveys - In conducting isolated land surveys,


the GE shall be guided by the following:
a. Original, subdivision, consolidation or consolidation-subdivision
isolated survey, shall be conducted using equipment and methods
that will meet the tertiary control accuracy.
b. When conducting Relocation/Verification Survey, the Allowable
Position of Error shall not exceed # 10 centimeters. However, the
allowable difference in the area shall not exceed El square meters
for every 1 hectare.
Section 31. Mineral Land Surveys - Survey of mineral lands, executed
for mineral agreement, or for other purposes pursuant to the Mining Act
of 1995, shall be in the 4" Order (Secondary Control) accuracy.
Section 32. Forestland and National Park/Protected Areas
Delimitation Surveys The survey control accuracy shall be in
accordance with the area coverage under the project control surveys.
The perimeter survey shall be undertaken in the same manner as in
isolated survey.
Article 8 Reference Monuments
Section 33. Establishment of Reference Monuments - Reference
points, political boundaries and other tracts of lands shall be defined and
marked on the ground by concrete monuments specified in the Manual of
Procedure.
a. The first and last corner of lots along physiographic or natural
features shall be monumented. Every prominent turn based on
the highest tide line shall be considered as corner.
b. The LMB/LMS shall establish at least one pair of standard
location monuments to be designated as BLLM No. 1 and BLLM
No. 2 in each city and municipality.

c. Whenever necessary, additional location monuments shall be


established along the controls of projects so that no lot shall be
one (1) kilometer away from a reference point.
d. The establishment and densification of the national geodetic network
shall continue to be undertaken in accordance with EO 45 s. 1993, DAO
1994-22, DAO 2005-13 and other pertinent issuances. .
Section 34. Kinds of Reference Monuments - Reference Monuments
shall be any of the following:
A. Reference Monuments
1) Geodetic Control Monuments
2) Bureau of Lands Location Monuments (BLLM);
3) Bureau of Lands Boundary Monuments (BLBM):
4) Political Boundary Monuments:
a) Provincial Boundary Monuments (PBM),
b) City Boundary Monuments (CBM),
c) Municipal Boundary Monuments (MBM),
d) Barangay Boundary Monuments (BBM);
5) Triangulations Station established by:
a) Bureau of Lands/Lands Management Services,
b) BCGS/NAMRIA, c) United States Army Corps of Engineers,
d) US Coast and Geodetic Survey,
e) Other organizations, the work of which is of acknowledged
standard
6) Primary stations of approved Cadastral Surveys;
7) Friar Lands reference Monuments (Mon) and Old Survey Monuments

(OSM);
8) Church towers, historical monuments and other prominent permanent
structures of known position;
B. Lot Corner Monuments .
1) Standard concrete monuments.
2) Concrete posts which are part of the fence when not less than
ten centimeters in diameter, or metal pipes not less than two
centimeters in outside diameter.
3) Living edible fruit trees not less than fifteen (15) centimeters
in diameter or trees belonging to the first group (as per Forestry
Timber Classification) with diameter from fifteen to fifty (1550)
centimeters.
4) Points of masonry or concrete walls.
5) Immovable or fixed hard rock or boulders with exposed
surfaced of more than one meter in diameter.
6) Pegs either made of wood or steel, being of a composition that
will resist destruction by fire, natural corrosion or decay with at
least 50 millimeters square in cross-section for at least 100
millimeters from the top and not less than 400 millimeters in
length.

Section 35. National Database of Geographic and Plane


Coordinates (GPC) of all Land Survey Reference Monuments - The
National Database of GPC of all Land Survey Reference Monuments
belonging to the Third Order and below shall be managed by the LMB
with copies furnished to the concerned LMS. Data of the newly
established reference points in the LMS shall be furnished to the LMB for
updating of the National Database. The database shall also have online
access between the DENR, LMB, NAMRIA, and the LMS regional office for
data sharing and efficient servicing of the public.

Article 9 Maps and Plans


Section 36. Types of Maps The following are the types of maps:
a. Base Map - shall be a map showing certain fundamental information,
used as a base upon which additional data of specialized nature are
compiled. The standard base maps of the Philippines shall be classified
into regional, provincial, city, municipal and barangay boundary map. For
those with approved cadastre, the base maps shall be Municipal
Boundary and Index Map (MBIM), Barangay Boundary and Index Map
(BBIM), and Cadastral Maps (CM).
b. Cadastral Map-are those which shows all lots and other details of the
cadastral survey within the quadrant. :
c. Land Information Map (LIM) is a national standard spatial index
map showing all land parcels covered by Cadastral and Isolated Surveys
over a specific map area with their UPI. This is formerly referred to as
the Cadastral lnformation Map (CIM).
d. Planimetric Map shall be a map which chows the correct
horizontal position of natural and
man-made features.
e. Photo Map - shall be a continuous representation of the ground
obtained by assembling together individual photographs taken from an
aircraft, into a composite picture, scale and the effects of tilt are
corrected. If gridlines, contour lines, boundaries, place names, and
marginal informations have been added or overprinted, it shall be known
as Orthophoto Map.
f. Projection Map shall be a map wherein submitted surveys are
plotted to detect the relative positions of surveys conducted.
g. Thematic Map-shall be a map which represents a particular theme or
subject, such as vegetation, forest cover, soils, slope, etc.
h. Topographic Map-shall be a map which shows configuration on the
earths surface called Relief, and natural features thereon that include

physiographic features, bodies of water, vegetation, and man-made


features such as roads and buildings,

map and showing other pertinent information as required by the Manual


of Procedures.

Standards and specifications for maps shall be provided in the


Manual of Procedures.

Section 43. Orthophoto Map (OPM) - OPM shall serve a dual purpose
of positioning points to facilitate the survey of land parcels in difficult
areas where it satisfies the accuracy standard set by the principle of
graduated accuracy, consistent with land use, as may be specified by
instructions, or provide graphical positioning of unavailable map detail
for completion of the LIM. Detailed instructions on the procedures shall
be issued by the LMB Director.

Section 37. Project Control Maps are maps showing the main and
subsidiary controls in a specific project. The survey control map shall be
prepared on reproducible materials of stable base such as drafting film
0.03 mm with polyester or mylar base. The standard format dimensions
and fonts shall be as prescribed in the Manual of Procedures.
Section 38. Political Boundary Control Map The political boundary
map (PBM) shall be prepared on a reproducible material of stable base
as approved for official use by the LMB. This map shall be submitted to
the LMB/LMS together with the approved political boundary control map
and computations. If computerized print-out map, a digital copy of the
said map shall also be submitted. The political boundary map shall be
prepared in accordance with the Manual of Procedures.

Section 44. Isolated Surveys Plans - All plans and forms to be used
in isolated surveys conducted for administrative or judicial registration
purposes shall be in accordance with the standard format as prescribed
by the Manual of Procedures.

Section 39. Cadastral Progress Map - The progress map based on the
control survey of the project shall be made on reproducible materials of
stable base as prescribed in the Manual of Procedures.

Section 45. Survey Symbols and Numbering for Isolated Plans - A


system for identifying survey plans comprising of survey symbols,
Regional codes and Control Numbers as per entry in the Regional Survey
Registry Book shall be established, maintained and updated. This system
shall be used in the classification and identification of all kinds of surveys
to facilitate the recording, filing and record keeping of survey plans and
maps and their corresponding survey returns. A preliminary numbering
system based on the existing Receiving Log Book Entry Number to track
the status of survey returns prior to its approval shall also be
established.

Section 40. Cadastral Maps (CM) - The CM, as a base map, shall
serve as the primary source of land cadastre.
Section 41. Barangay Boundary and Index Maps (BBIM) is a
base map coextensive with a cadastral case for each barangay prepared
for each cadastral case (one barangay is equal to one case) in a
convenient scale on drafting film or other stable transparent materials in
the same size as a cadastral map. Other pertinent information shall be
included as required by the Manual of Procedures.
Section 42. Municipal Boundary and Index Maps (MBIM) - is a
base map coextensive with the boundary of the cadastral project
covering the entire municipality drawn in a convenient scale on drafting
film or other stable transparent materials in the same size as a cadastral

Geodetic Engineers shall submit their original plans properly


prepared, the masthead filled up, signed and sealed. TIN, PTR, PRC ID
Numbers should be indicated in the Survey Plan.

Section 46. Mineral Land Survey Plans- Survey plans of mining


claims shall be prepared on the isolated survey plans. Titled properties
within the claim shall be properly plotted. The format and text of the
plan shall be as prescribed in the Manual of Procedures.
Section 47. Forestland and Protected Areas Boundary Maps

(FPABM) upon completion of the field survey and preparation of


other survey returns, the RCST shall generate FPABM per province,
complete with all the annotations, covering the entire Project area, in
accordance with the standards set forth in the Manual of Procedures.
Sub-classification shall be treated separately.
Section 48. Standard Signs and Symbols Standard signs and
symbols used in mapping and other cartographic works, with their
corresponding dimensions and colors, shall be included in the Manual of
Procedures to be issued by the LMB Director.
Section 49. Technical Descriptions - A technical description for each
lot, whether computer/electronic or manually generated, duly signed by
the concerned geodetic engineer, shall be prepared upon approval of the
survey plan. It shall contain pertinent information as prescribed by the
Manual of Procedures and submitted with the survey plan for land
registration purposes.
The technical description for previously approved survey plan may be
issued by LMB/ LMS for registration and other purposes.
Section 50. Cancellation and Rejection of Approved Survey Plans
Any survey or plan may be cancelled, amended and rejected by the
approving official.
1) Cancellation Surveys later found to be erroneously and/or
spuriously approved and not in accordance with the purpose for
which it was authorized may be cancelled, as in:
i. Survey for the purpose of land registration covering nonalienable and disposable area.
ii. Previously approved surveys of different claimants per
order of the court;
iii. Previously approved subdivision covering surveyed and
registered lands found to be erroneously executed and/or
not in conformity with the owners agreement; and

iv. Surveys executed in violation of this Regulation.


2) Amendment - Any survey or plan may be corrected and
amended by administrative action of the approving official,
provided, in the case of amendment affecting an untitled land
parcel boundary, the land claimant or registered owner and
adjoining land claimant or registered owner consent to said
amendment. Amendment surveys cover unregistered lands for
purposes of changing the boundary lines and by increasing or
decreasing the number of corners and lots without affecting the
original area.
3) Rejection Surveys found to be covering previously approved
survey and/or in-alienable areas when plotted on the projection
map may be rejected.
Article 10 Projection System
Section 51. Projection Map In the absence of an approved CM or
standard spatial index map, a provisional cadastral map, also known as
projection map, shall be prepared in a scale of 1:4000 by using the
length of minutes and second of arc of parallel and meridian passing
through the BLLM No. 1 of the municipality or locality which is
established as the point of reference for all surveys therein. The
projection maps shall continue to function as progress maps in
monitoring the verification and approval of survey plans until such time
that a Land Information Map is instituted.
Section 52. Land Information Map (LIM) The Land Information
Map (LIM), a computer-based standard spatial index map, shall be
prepared by the LMS to improve monitoring of survey plans approval,
detection of overlaps and prevention of double issuance of title. The LMB
shall design the most appropriate labeling specification, scales and grid
intervals, LIM numbering, parcel plotting and crossindexing in order to
suit Philippine conditions and following the policy on the unique parcel
identification. The preparation of these maps shall be in accordance with

PRS92.
a) Real (hardcopy) maps shall be consistent with the generally
accepted elements of a map (title, orientation, scale, source of
information, grids, legend, author, dates and other marginal
information), and plotted in appropriate scales following the
prescribed marginal information.; and
b) Digital (softcopy) maps easily converted into GIS-ready format
and interfaced/integrated with other datasets and software
environment. Database (Spatial and Aspatial) will be seamless
(provincial, regional and national) and with built-in electronic data
security system
Article 11 Physiographic Features
Section 53. Bodies of Water - In the preparation of plans and maps,
all bodies of water such as arroyos, esteros, creeks, rivers, lakes, ponds,
pools and the likes, found adjacent or within the lot, shall be properly
indicated.
Section 54. Legal easements - For the purpose of recreation,
navigation, floatage, fishing and salvage, the banks of esteros, arroyos,
creeks, and rivers throughout their entire lengths, situated in urban
areas, agricultural areas, and forested areas shall be subject to the three
(3) meters, twenty (20) meters, and forty (40) meters easement for
public use, respectively. The shorelines of seas and lakes, throughout
their entire length are subject to twenty (20) meters easement pursuant
to P.D. 705, the Forestry Code.
Section 55. Salvage zones and coast police - Lands bordering the
seas, gulfs, bays, or ports shall be subject to easements of salvage zone
of twenty (20) meters measured land ward from the interior limit of the
shore line and an easement of coast police of six meters wide from the
shore line within the salvage zone. The easement of coast police is the
obligation to leave a right of way six (6) meters wide within the salvage
zone.

Section 56. Easement for public use - In surveying land which


borders esteros, rivers, navigable lakes, the sea or its arms, the
Geodetic Engineer shall place a mark on the ground and indicate in the
field notes and plans of the survey the easement for public use. The
easement for public use as defined under The Revised Forestry Code
(P.D. 705) and The Water Code (R.A. 1273) must be reflected in the
survey.
Section 57. Buffer Zone shall refer to a strip of land with natural or
established vegetation, which provides an added layer of protection to
the natural forest including mangrove forest. This shall be surveyed and
established using standards provided for by existing laws, monumented
on the ground and properly indicated on the map.

Article 12 Notification of Survey


Section 58. Persons and entities to be notified before the conduct
of surveys-The following shall be notified when necessary before the
conduct of control surveys:
a. CGSD/NAMRIA, Department of Public Works and Highway
(DPWH) District Office;
b. Local Government Planning and Development Office (PPDO and
MPDO/CPDO)
c. Barangay Officials
d. The railway and communication companies
e. Owners or claimants of properties within the area
f. Other concerned government agencies
Section 59. Cadastral and Isolated Surveys For purposes of
documenting the boundary agreement process, the Parcel Identification
Sheet is adopted for use by all participating claimants in original isolated
and cadastral land surveys, while in isolated subdivision or consolidation

surveys of undecreed or untitled properties, only the participating survey


claimants within the lot being surveyed shall be involved, unless there is
only one survey claimant, in which case the single claimants signature is
indicative of his/ her acceptance of the established boundaries.
Section 60. Mineral Land Surveys Before the commencement of the
survey, the geodetic engineer shall notify the DENR Regional Office
concerned and the chairman of the barangay where the claim/application
is located, of the date of the execution of the survey.
Section 61. Forestland and Protected Areas Delimitation
Delimitation survey shall be conducted with prior written notice to all the
stakeholders thereof including local government officials, cultural/tribal
communities, appropriate government and private entities, and other
parties concerned. The said survey shall commence not earlier than five
(5) days upon receipt of such notice. If there are nearby or adjacent ongoing survey projects, the Chief of Survey Party executing said survey
shall be informed in writing for purposes of work coordination.
Article 13 Approval of Survey
Section 62. Project Control Surveys The survey returns of the main
and subsidiary control shall be submitted to the LMS for verification and
approval. The verification process shall compose of office (such as
computerized verification) and on-site (such as test traverse) validation.
Only project controls that were verified and approved shall be used in
the verification of Political Boundary and Cadastral Lot Surveys.
Section 63. Completed Cadastral Surveys Complete survey returns
of the cadastral survey shall be submitted to the LMS for verification and
approval. The verification process shall compose of office (such as
computerized verification) and on-site (such as conduct of test traverse)
validation. However, the LMS may conduct routinary inspection, as the
need arises, while the survey is ongoing.
Section 64. Isolated Survey Survey returns for the different kinds of
survey shall be submitted to the LMS for verification and approval. The

LMS shall post the official checklist of requirements of survey returns for
different kinds of survey in prominent places in the Regional Office for
the information of geodetic engineers. Incomplete requirements shall be
a ground for non-acceptance. The LMS shall not impose any additional
requirement not listed in the said checklist specified in the Manual of
Procedures. The LMS may conduct on-site inspection and validation,
during the conduct of the survey.
Section 65. Mineral Land Surveys - The LMS shall verify and approve
survey plan of lots covered by mineral claims, quarry applications, and
other related purposes in consonance with the provisions of RA 7942 and
DAO 96-40, as amended.
No mineral land survey plan inside the proclaimed, reserved or
declared protected areas, forestland, timberland, or national parks shall
be accepted unless there is legal basis to conduct such surveys.
Section 66. Forestland and Protected Areas Boundary Survey Upon completion of the perimeter survey, the Chief of the RCST shall
prepare, sign and submit the FPAB survey returns using prescribed forms
for isolated surveys for transmittal to the Chief of the RSD for
verification. It shall adopt FBS (Forest Boundary Survey) as the
national survey symbol. The numbering system must likewise be
consistent with the existing standards being used by the Department,
particularly the LMS. The usual standard operating procedures in the
verification of isolated survey returns shall be adopted, except that the
approval shall be made by the RED concerned.
Article 14 Management of Survey Records and Information
Section 67. National Geodetic Network Information System The
National Geodetic Network Information System (GNIS) shall be
established to provide management and operational support to the
DENR, other stakeholders and general users of the network.
a. The GNIS shall consist of a national facility that shall have the
storing, updating, reporting, transformation, data analysis, and

security capabilities. The system shall also have online access


between the DENR, LMB, NAMRIA, and the LMS regional office for
data sharing and efficient servicing of the public.
b. The NAMRIA, in coordination with the LMB/LMS, shall be
responsible for the development of the system and once it
becomes operational, shall also install the system in the LMB and
LMS, with corresponding provisions for linkages and security
features.
c. The NAMRIA shall publish both in print and in digital form, the
First and Second Order PRS92 Geodetic Control Points. The LMB
in the national and the LMS in the regional scope shall do the
same with the Third and Fourth Order Control Points. The format
and the information in the certifications shall be uniform and in
accordance with the joint issuance of the NAMRIA and LMB.
d. The NAMRIA and LMB/LMS shall regularly update the GNIS and
shall periodically exchange digital copies in a uniform or
compatible format of the same. The list shall include the name or
designation, location (province, municipality, barangay), grid and
geographic coordinates, and upon request, descriptions of the
control points.
Section 68. Cadastral and Isolated Surveys - A national inventory
and conversion into digital database of all approved land surveys in the
country shall be conducted by the LMB/LMS. It shall comprise the
national land spatial index (Land Information Map) which the LMB is
mandated to establish.

Article 15 Integration of Land Surveying Activities


Section 69. Conduct of Survey and Custodianship of Records
a. The LMB in the national level and the LMS in the regional level
shall be the repository of all DENR land surveying record and shall

be in-charge of the execution of cadastral, isolated and project


control surveys.
b. The LMB/LMS shall conduct a massive inventory of the survey
records which includes data of Reference Points, Isolated Survey
plans, Cadastral Maps, Lot Descriptions, etc. using the most
appropriate method. The GSD/RSD shall be the custodian of all
Survey Records, both the digital and hard copies.
c. The NAMRIA shall be the primary agency on the establishment
of the National Geodetic Network of First and Second Order
Accuracy, in which data shall be readily shared with the LMB/LMS.
d. The Office of the Regional Technical Director (RTD) for Lands
shall be the custodian of the LIM at the regional level.
Section 70. Institutionalization of the RCST Pursuant to Section
32 (b) of DENR Administrative Order No. 13, series of 2005, the Regional
FNSPs and LEPs are merged to form the RCST.
a. The RCST shall be responsible in the conduct of delimitation of
forest boundary, reservations, protected areas/national park.
b. Forest Boundary Delimitation Survey shall be conducted by
RCST with a Geodetic Engineer as the Chief of Survey Party,
pursuant to the RA 8560, as amended by RA 9200. The survey
execution and plan preparation shall be in accordance with
pertinent provisions of this Regulation.
Article 16 Institutional Mechanism
Section 71. Capability-Building The DENR upon recommendation of
the joint committee of the LMB and NAMRIA, shall pursue a nationwide
Land Survey Program, integrating therein all the aspects in the
implementation of programs with regard to the Land Sector. In
consonance with this objective, funds for various activities with the aim
of continuous system upgrading, manpower training, and facilities
rehabilitation and modernization, shall be annually allocated.

Section 72. Conduct of ICE Activities Information, consultation


and education campaign shall be undertaken to generate awareness and
support from the stakeholders and the general public and create a pool
of national experts in geomatics, geodesy, property surveys, land
investigations and adjudication, property appraisal and allied fields.
Strategies shall include conduct of information campaigns and
technology transfers, continuing professional education and forging of
partnerships with other government agencies, non-governmental
organization, and private entities.
Article 17 Penalty and Sanctions
Section 73. Administrative Action - Any public officer or employee
who knowingly surveys, classifies, or recommends the release of forest
land as alienable and disposable land contrary to law, shall after the
proper proceedings suffer the penalties imposed under Sec.74, PD 705.
The survey, classification and release of forest lands shall be null and
void.
Section 74. Denial of Approval - Violation of any provisions of this
Regulation by the Geodetic Engineer and survey contractor shall be
sufficient grounds for the RTD for Lands to deny the acceptance for
verifications and/or approval of any survey made by him. In case he is in
the service of the DENR, he shall be further subjected to administrative
action that the RTD for Lands, the RED and/or the Director of LMB may
deem justifiable under the circumstances.
Section 75. Filing of the Case with the PRC-Board of Geodetic
Engineers - In case of approved surveys executed by Geodetic Engineer
in private practice, the matter shall be referred to the PRC-Board of
Geodetic Engineering for whatever penalty or sanction the fiscal and/or
the Board may find necessary to impose in relation to the Code of Ethics
of Geodetic Engineers, the provisions of the Geodetic Engineering Law,
RA 8560, as amended, and to the provisions of other laws, without
prejudice to the cancellation of the survey and to the filing of legal action
in the proper court. The cost of field and office verification of erroneous

surveyed parcel shall be charged against the Geodetic Engineer


concerned.
Section 76. Administrative Sanctions- Any official or employee of the
DENR found abetting or knowingly helping directly or indirectly in the
approval of any survey in violation of the provisions of this Regulation
shall be subjected to disciplinary action that the Secretary may find
necessary.
Section 77. Misrepresentation Any person who is found to be
misrepresenting himself as Geodetic Engineer upon verification with PRC,
shall be subjected to the filing of legal action in the proper court and the
outright cancellation or rejection of the survey returns he/she submitted
for verification and approval in the LMS.
Section 78. Interference with Survey and Monuments - Any person
who shall interfere with the making of survey undertaken by the
LMB/LMS or private Geodetic Engineers authorized by the appropriate
DENR official, or shall interfere with the placing of any monument in
connection with such survey, or shall deface, destroy or remove any
monument so placed, or shall alter the location of any such monuments,
shall be charged in the proper court in accordance with pertinent laws.
Section 79. Tampering and Removal of Records Any DENR
employee/personnel who is found tampering or removing without
authority official records of the DENR/LMB/LMS/FMB/FMS and the
regional field offices shall be administratively charged for dismissal by
the Secretary without prejudice to filing of criminal charges in the proper
court.
Any unauthorized person found tampering and or removing
official records of the DENR/LMB/LMS/FMB/FMS and the regional field
offices shall be charged in the proper court.
Section 80. Posting of List of Geodetic Engineers The LMB/LMS
shall post within its premises an updated list of Geodetic Engineers found
guilty for gross violation of this Regulation, abandonment of survey

projects, and other unscrupulous activities in relation to their submitted


survey returns in the DENR. A copy of the said list shall also be furnished
to other government agencies with concerns on land survey and titling.
Article 18 Transitory Provisions

Section 83. Effectivity This Order shall take effect upon


acknowledgement of receipt of a copy thereof by the Office of the
National Administrative Register (ONAR), and fifteen (15) days after its
publication in a newspaper of general circulation.

Section 81. Manual of Procedures In accordance with Section 14


(d) of Executive Order No. 192, the LMB Director shall issue the Manual
of Procedures on various technical aspects of surveying and mapping in
line with this Regulation, The Manual of Procedures shall be issued within
90 days after the effectivity of this Order.
Section 82. Repealing Clause - Any provisions of previous DENR
orders, memorandum circulars and other issuances inconsistent herewith
are hereby accordingly superseded, amended or repealed. The provisions
of the DAO 98-12, the Revised Manual for Land Surveying Regulations in
the Philippines that are still necessary shall be re-issued in the Manual of
Procedures.

ANGELO T. REYES
Secretary
Publication: The Philippine Star
August 10, 2007
Registration: UP Law Center
August 13, 2007