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5th Division (Iraq)

have taken part in Operation Phantom Thunder and the

Battle of Baqubah in 2007.
Today it is deployed in the dicult region of Diyala is
the area between Baghdad and the IranIraq border, an
area where some insurgent elements (the Sunnis Baathists
Sunni Salas and Shias of the Mahdi Army supporting
Muqtada Al-Sadr, and Al Qaeda) have direct support
from Iran and its Special Forces (Quds Force). The regions of Diyala, Salah ad-Din, Kirkuk and south-east of
Baghdad are the subject of many operations of the Iraqi
Armed Forces and the Coalition, in order to dismantle
the networks and interrupt Iranian support.
As of February 2010 the divisions dispositions were reported as:[7]

Modied T-55 tank of the 5th Mechanized Division which saw

action in the Battle of Khafji

Division Special Troops Battalion - Galibiyah

The 5th Division ('Iron Division') is a formation (mil 18th Motorized (AAslt) Brigade - Balad Ruz area of
itary) of the Iraqi Army, originally formed in 1959 as
a mechanised division.[2] It fought in the Iran-Iraq War,
19th (Desert Lions) Motorized (AAslt) Brigade
and in the Persian Gulf War (including at the Battle of
(Brigade Special Troops Battalion at Baqubah)
Khafji). The 3rd Armoured and 5th Mechanised Divisions, the assault force for the Battle of Khafji, had both
20th Motorised Brigade - elements Muqdadiyah
been retrained in 1986-87 and had participated in many
of the 1988 oensives. On the night of 2930 January
21st Motorised Brigade - battalions at Diyala,
1991, three of four battalion-sized task forces of the 5th
Samood, Tamuuz
Mechanised Division had been turned back by U.S. Marine covering forces, but the fourth moved into Khafji and
5th Field Engineer Regiment - Galibiyah
was later destroyed there. On 30 January 1991 as the di 5th Transport and Provisioning Regiment - Kirkush
vision crossed the frontier for the main attack, the 26th
Armoured Brigade was trapped in a mineeld and had a
large amount of damage inicted on it. The commander The Kirkush Military Training Base (KMTB) was one of
of the III Corps, Major General Salah Aboud Mahmoud, the rst installations constructed for the new Iraqi Army
called the attack o as he believed it was impossible to in January 2004.[8]
execute the full plan.
In 1993, following a coup attempt, Saddam Hussein reportedly abolished all command posts at corps level, with
the 5th Division, then reported to be at Mosul, one of the
only six divisions to retain a command post.[4] In September 1997 it was reported to be part of the 1st Corps, and
be based in the Shuwan area under Sta Major General
Sadoun Mahmud Sadoun. At that time it included the
15th, 20th, and 26th Mechanised Brigades.[5] It then disintegrated during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

1 Notes
[1] Rubin, Alissa J. (15 May 2007). Iraqi Military Faces
Hurdles in Its Quest to Take Charge. The New York
[2] The Times, see History of the Iraqi Army for exact date.
[3] Pollack, Arabs at War, 2002, p.243-44

The reformed 5th Divisions brigade headquarters and

battalions were components of the original three division
New Iraqi Army. The division was certied and assume
responsibility for battle space in Diyala Governorate on
July 3, 2006.[6] Since the divisions reactivation elements

[4] Janes Pointer, 1993

[5] Sean Boyle, 'Qusay considers a reshue for Iraqs command structure,' Janes Intelligence Review, September
1997, p.417

[6] The Advisor, MNSTC-I Newsletter, July 8, 2006

(PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-11-12.
[7] DJ Elliott, Iraqi Security Force Order of Battle - Page 4
Iraqi Army Central Forces, Montrose Toast, 28 February
[8] (English) Kirkush Military Training Base sur Global Security


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