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Literature Review
Sr
no Title
.

Abstract

Distribution
line
fault
detection
using
microcontrol
ler and GSM

This project is locating


fault in power distribution
line is a complicated and
severe problem in power
system .This is design
with micro controller, GSM
mobile, drive circuit ,
control circuit , interfaced
with GSM
modem it is
useful
for
remote
monitoring and control of
multiple
stand
alone
distribution line.

2.

Undergroun
d cable fault
detection

The
purpose
of
this
project is to determine
the
distance
of
underground cable fault
from
base
station
in
kilometres.
The
underground cable system
is
a
general
practice
followed in lots of urban
areas.
The
proposed
system is to find the
correct location of the
fault. The project uses the
normal concept of Ohms
law i.e., when a low DC
voltage is applied at the
feeder end through a
sequence
of
resistor
(Cable lines), then current
would
vary
depending
upon the position of fault
in the cable. In case near
is a short circuit (Line to
Ground),
the
voltage
across sequence resistors
changes
accordingly,

Outcome

Author

Sourc
es

Detecting
the
area where the
fault is occurred
is
difficult
.
Using
microcontroller
and GSM bases
method
is
reliable
to
detect
and
intimate
the
fault.
In
the
short time we
can
able
to
know the fault
and
rectify
immediately.
In this paper we
detect the fault
in
the
underground
cable
from
feeder end in
km
by
using
ARM
LPC2148
microcontroller.
For this we use
simple concept
of OHM.s law
and
voltage
divider rule so
fault
can
be
easily detected
and repaired.

Ashok
Kumar
and
Deebika
Devi

www.sci
encedir
ect.com

Mane
Tejashri
And
Prof.
V.G.Purani
k

www.go
ogle.co
m

Literature Review

3.

Microcontrol
ler
Based
Three Phase
Fault
Analysis for
Temporary
and
Permanent
Fault

which is then fed to an


ADC to develop accurate
digital data which the
programmed
microcontroller
would
show in kilometers.
This paper to develop an
automatic
tripping
mechanism for the three
phase supply system. The
electrical
substation
which supply the power to
the
consumers,
have
failures
due
to
some
faults
which
can
be
temporary or permanent.
These
faults
lead
to
substantial damage to the
power system equipment.
In India it is common, the
faults might be LG (Line
to Ground), LL (Line to
Line), 3L (Three lines) in
the supply systems and
these
faults
in
three
phase supply system can
affect the power system.
To overcome this problem
a system is built, which
can sense these faults
and
automatically
disconnects the supply to
avoid large scale damage
to the control gears in the
grid
sub-stations.
The
major advantage of the
project is, it not only save
the appliance but it will
also show the type of the
fault
that
has
been
occurred in the system so
that it will be easy for the
operator to solve the
problem easily. It will also
check whether the fault is
a
permanent
or
a

This paper is
designed
successfully
with on single
phase
transformer
230V to 12V of
output
for
develop
and
automatic
tripping
mechanism
using
microcontroller
for the three
phase
supply
system
while
temporary fault
and permanent
fault
occurs.
The concept of
the future can
be extended to
developing
a
mechanism
to
send
message
to
the
authorities via
SMS
by
interfacing
a
GSM modem.

M.S.Morey
,
Amit
Ghodmare
And
Vaibhav
Khomane

www.go
ogle.co
m

Literature Review
temporary fault. If the
fault is temporary fault
then the supply will be
restored
after
a
predefined time of 5-10
seconds
otherwise
a
permanent trip signal is
given to the relays.

Electrical
Power Line
Theft
Detection

The theft of the electricity


is the major concern of
the
transmission
and
distribution losses in the
supply of the electricity
worldwide.
Mainly
the
electricity is being stolen
via bypassing the poles
therefore this system is
utilize. A recent research
conducted indicates that
about 30-35 percent of
the profit generated by
the electrical board goes
waste due to power theft.
This
project
aims
at
eliminating
all
these
difficulties by designing a
simple device to send a
message whenever there
is a power theft activity at
a certain cluster of an
area.

This paper is
aimed
at
reducing
the
heavy
power
and
revenue
losses
that
occur due to
power theft by
the customers.
The
system
design
mainly
concentrates on
single
phase
electric
distribution
system,
especially. The
proposed
system provides
the solution for
some
of
the
main problems
faced by the
existing Indian
grid
system,
such
as
wastage
of
energy,
power
theft,
and
transmission
line fault.

Mr.Ashuto
sh kumar
And
Mr.
P.G.
Desai

www.sci
encedir
ect.com

Literature Review
5

Microcontr
oller based
Fault
Detector

The aim of this research is


to develop a device used
to detect faults in the line
and isolate the connected
system
or
instrument
connected
to
it.
This
device involves the use of
microcontroller
for
detection and isolation of
the system of instrument
with
proper
use
of
programming.
The
instrument
devised
is
economical and effective
compared
to
other
protective
devices
available in market. The
four faults detected by
the model are: Short
Circuit,
Earth
leakage,
Sparking
and
UV
detection, Phase Failure
faults.

The device thus


developed
is
very economical
and effective in
the
use
of
protection
in
household
as
well
as
industrial
instrument
protection. The
added
advantage
of
this circuit is
that it shows
the type of fault
occurred on LCD
and at the same
time keeps the
circuit
in
isolation
until
the
fault
is
cleared.

www.go
ogle.co
m