COMMON WORDS & PHRASES 1) AFFIRMATIONS Kurae (Formal: Kuraeyo) ± Alright/Indeed/That¶s right Kurom/Kurocho ± Of course.

Choa ± Okay/Fine (In the context of ³´I like it.´/´Sounds good.´) Mullon ± Of course! Sure! Matta ± Right/Correct Majayo ± You are correct/Its correct 2) NEGATIONS Aniya ± It¶s not that/It¶s nothing Choltae ± Absolutely not/Never/No way Choltae and weyo ± I can never do that Shiro ± I don¶t like 3) OTHER COMMON SENTENCE JOINERS Kunde ± But Kuromde ± By the way PHRASES 4) Charhanda ± Good! 5) Kuhmanhae ± Stop it/Enough 6) Nuwoso ttok mokki ± Piece of cake!/It¶s so easy! 7) Araso mogo ± It¶s up to you/Do it yourself (Literally means µEat it yourself¶; Tone is sarcastic) Versions: Araso ka (Go there yourself); Araso he (Do it yourself) 8) Daksal! ± Gross! (Literally means µGoosebumps¶) 9) Muso unde ± It¶s scary (The suffix -unde signifies an observation) Versions: Choh unde (It¶s nice); Ukkinde (It¶s funny); Pabo kattunde (You¶re like a fool) 10) Tto mogo? - You¶re eating again? Source: Youtube + Let¶s Speak Korean + DVDs XD

CONVERSATIONAL PHRASES 1) Kkam ppak haesso. ± It slipped my mind. 2) Maum daero hae ± Do whatever you want; Suit yourself; It¶s up to you Maum ± Head/Heart Daero ± Direction Hae ± Do 3) Arattda, arasso - Okay; Fine; I got it. 4) Sodullo! ± Hurry! Soduluhjima ± Take your time (Don¶t hurry) 5) Mwo hal koya? ± What are you gonna do? Formal: Mwo hal koyeyo? To be more specific: (TIME MARKER) + mwo hal koya? Ex: Onul mwo hal koya? ± What are you gonna do today? Naeil mwo hal koya? ± What are you gonna do tomorrow? Jumareh mwo hal koya? ± What are you gonna do this weekend? [Jumal - weekend; suffix '-e' is a marker that means 'this'] 6) Chingu manna-giru haesso ± I agreed to meet my friend. Pattern: (ACTIVITY) + giru haesso. Giru ± (as a suffix) I had promised to do so. Chingu ± friend Manna - meet Ex: Yonghwa bogiru haesso ± I had promised to watch a movie. Yohaeng kagiru haesso ± I have agreed to travel/go on a trip. 7) Nuni nomu nuppayo ± You have really high standards!; You are too picky! Nuni ± eyes Nomu ± too (much) Nuppayo ± high Najayo ± low 8) Yeppu myon chuhkehtta ± It would be nice if she were pretty.

Pattern: (TRAIT) + myon chuhketta Myon ± If Chuhketta ± Would be nice/good (alternative: chukkeko) Ex: Kikumyon chuhketta ± It would be nice if she was tall. Bujamyon chuhketta ± It would be nice if she was rich. 9) Odi issoyo? ± Where is it? Pattern: (NOUN) + odi issoyo? Kuron yoja-ga odi issoyo? ± Where would you find a girl like that? Kuron ± That kind Yoja ± Girl -Ga ± Topic marker when it ends with a vowel Ex: Kuron saram-i odi issoyo? ± Where would you find that kind of person? Saram ± person -I ± Topic marker when it ends with a batchim 10) Nae-il mannayo/Nae-il bwayo ± See you tomorrow Source: Youtube + Let¶s Speak Korean

ARRIVALS & ASKING FOR PERMISSION ARRIVALS: TRANSPORTATION & TIME HOW DID YOU GET HERE? QUESTION: Muol tago wassoyo? = What mode of transportation did you use to get here? / How did you get here? ANSWER: [TRANSPO]-rul tago wassoyo
y y y y y

Chihajo-rul tago wassoyo = I came by subway Bosu-rul tago wassoyo= I came by bus Marul tago wassoyo= I came here riding a horse Taekshirul tago wassoyo= I came riding a taxi Koro wassoyo= I came walking

HOW LONG DID IT TAKE YOU TO GET HERE? QUESTION: Shigan-i olmana kollyossoyo? = How long did it take you to get here? Kollyoyo ± present tense (How long does it take you usually?) Kollyossoyo ± past tense (How long did it take you?) ANSWER: (TIME) + kollyo-yo (present) / kollyo-ssoyo (past)
y y y

Han-shigan kollyossoyo= It took me an hour Saship-pun kollyoyo = It takes me 40 minutes Potong han-shi kolIlyoyo= It usually takes me an hour

y y y

Nuhjo-ssoyo = I was late Nugesso = We might be late (Can be used as: ³Sodullo, nugesso!´) Kiri makhida = The roads were crowded Kil = road/street Makhida = crowded

ASKING PERMISSION IS IT OKAY IF I _____? QUESTION: (VERB)-myon dwaeyo? = Can I ___? [Myon = if: As in "Is it okay if I«?"]
y y

Ssu-myon dwaeyo = Can I use it? Jjyusu mashyo-myon dwaeyo? = Is it ok to drink your juice?

ANSWER: (VERB)-myon andwaeyo = It¶s not okay to (VERB).

y y

Ssumyon andwaeyo = Its not ok to use it Mashimyon andwaeyo = Its not ok to drink it



Sajin chikja! = Let¶s take a picture! Sajin = photo Chik = To take Chigum sajin chiguhmyon andwe = You cant take a photo now.. Chigum = Now

y y y y

Cho yoja nomu yeppuda! = There¶s a very pretty woman! Cho namja nomu moshittda. = There¶s a very handsome guy! Wae andwe? = Why not? Olmayeyo? = How much?

GRAMMAR: VERB TENSES PRESENT TENSE: I ___. = (VERB) + ~oyo/~ayo Mogoyo = I eat. CURRENTLY DOING: I am currently ____. = (VERB) + ~go issoyo. Papul mogo isssoyo = Bulgogo-rul mogo issoyo = = I am currently eating rice. = I am currently eating bulgogi.

PAST TENSE: I ___. = (VERB) + ossoyo/assoyo. Papul mogossoyo = = I ate rice. Mekchu-rul masyosoyo? = ? = Did you drink beer? Hakkyo-e kassoyo = = I went to school. Odi kassoyo? = ? = Where did you go? Oje moja-rul ssossoyo. = . = Yesterday, I wore a hat. CURRENT-IN-THE-PAST TENSE: I was ____. = (VERB) + ~go issossoyo. Pap-ul mogo issossoyo = = I was eating rice. Bulgogi-rul mogo issossoyo = = I was eating bulgogi. Mekchu-rul mashigo issossoyo = I was drinking beer. Mwo haego issosoyo? = = What were you doing? PAST-PROBABLE: Must have ____. = (VERB) + ~gossul koeyo. Mogossul koeyo. ( )= They must have eaten.

PROBABLE-FUTURE TENSE: I will probably ____. = (VERB) + ~l/~ul koeyo. Nan mogul koeyo = = I will probably eat. Nan kal koeyo = = I will probably go. Odi kal koeyo? = ? = Where will you probably go? Bi-ga-ul koeyo = = It will probably rain. Kimchi-rul mogulkoeyo = = I will probably eat kimchi. INTENTIONAL-FUTURE TENSE: I will/I am going to _____. = (VERB) + kessoyo/kessayo. Mogessoyo = = I will eat/I¶m going to eat. Mwo mogessoyo? = ? = What will you eat? Bi-ga ukessoyo = = It will rain (I¶m sure). Na-nun mur-ul mashikessoyo = . = I will drink water. Naeil moja-rul sa-kessoyo = . = Tomorrow, I will buy a hat.

y y y y y y y y

Chukketa! ± ! ± Im going to die!/Im beat! Jangnanhae!? ± ? ± Are you serious?!/Seriously?! Ommaya/Mapsosa ± !/ ! ± Oh my god! Gosh! Oh no! Yikes! Kol ddaerinda! ± ± Unbelievable! Ridiculous! Nonsense! You must be kidding me! Shimbwatta!!! ± !!! ± Jackpot!! Yesss! Choasso! ± ! ± Good job! Assa! ± ! ± Awesome!/Yeah! Ansup ± ± How touching/how sweet

y y y y y y y y y

Shiwonhada! ± ! ± Feels great!/Refreshing!/What a relief! Chesu opso ± ± How unlucky! You¶re so lame! You¶re such a loser! Jjajungna! ± ! ± Irritating/annoying! What a pain! Nolgo ittne ± ± Yeah right. As if. Naemam iji ± ± Mind your own business. Its my deal. Ojjorago ± ± Whatever/Whatever you say/What else can I do? Dwaetgo dun ± ± Enough already/Talk to the hand T¶ona¶wa ± ± Im gonna barf! Kaenyom opta ± ± Clueless.

RANDOM RULES VERY/TOO: AJU VS. NOMU (Aju) ± More positive (Nomu) ± More negative/exaggerated (can also be sarcastic) Example: Compliments: ± Aju yeppeoda ± Very pretty POINTING TO SUBJECTS: I ± KU ± CHO (i) ± THIS: Object is near the speaker (ku) ± THAT: Object is far from the speaker (cho) ± THAT OVER THERE: Object is far from both speaker and listener Example: (I yoja-ga che chinguyeyo) ± THIS girl is my friend. (Ku yoja-ga che chinguyeyo) ± THAT girl is my friend. (Cho yoja-ga che chinguyeyo) ± THAT girl OVER THERE is my friend. I WANT TO«: ³SHIPO´ (For own desires only ± I/We want)

PATTERN: (Base form of verb) + (go) + (shipo) Example: (Bogo shipoyo) ± I want to see you; I miss you (Kolgo shipoyo) ± I want to walk (Mannago shipoyo) ± I want to meet you TOGETHER WITH: ³RANG´ + ³HAMKKE´ OR ³KATI´ PATTERN: (Noun) + (Particle for µwith¶) + (hamkke) OR


³With´ There are many particles that can be used to mean ³with´, but to make things simple, I will now only introduce one particle: / (irang/rang) ± with ³Together´ (hamkke) ± Together (kati) ± Together These two are interchangeable, and really just mean the same thing. Example: (Chingu-rang) ± With friend (Chingu-rang hamkke) ± Together with friend (Chingu-rang kati) ± Together with friend

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