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SYSTEM OF TECHNOLOGY

BI1201 Introduction to Life Sciences and Technology


School of Life Sciences and Technology
February 2015

Contents
Definition & Components
Classification
History: From the Past into the Future

Technology in Life Sciences


BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati

Definition & Components


Technology is all the knowledge, products, processes, tools,
methods, and systems employed in the creation of goods or in
providing services.

1. Hardware

2. Software

3. Brainware

The physical structure


and logical layout of the
equipment or machinery
that is to be used to carry
out the required tasks.

The knowlegde of how to


use the hardware in order
to carry out he required
tasks.

The reasons for using the


technology in a particular
way (know-why)

BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati

Classification
New Technology
Any newly (firstly) introduced or
implemented technology that has
an explicit impact on the way a
company produces products or
provides services.
Example:
- New software

Emerging Technology
Any technology that is not yet
fully commercialized but will
become so within about five
years.

BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati

Classification
High Technology

Medium Technology

Low Technology

Advanced or sophisticated
technologies.
High-tech company:
employs highly
educated people
technology is changing
a faster rate that that
of other industries
competes with
technological
innovation
high levels of researchand-development
expenditure
potential to use
technology for rapid
growth

Mature technologies
that are more
amenable than others
to technology transfer.
Examples:
-Consumer products
-Automotive industry

Technologies that have


permeated large segments
of human society.
Low-tech company:
employs people with
relatively low levels of
education or skill
use manual or
semiautomatic operations
low levels of research
expenditure
technology base used is
stable with little change
products produced are
mostly of the type that
satisfy basic human needs
BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati

Classification of Technology

Appropriate Technology
A good match between the technology and the resources
required for its optimal use.
Could be of any level low, medium, or high.
BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati

Classification of Technology
Codified Technology
Allows people to know how
technology works but not
necessarily why it works in a
certain way.
Easier to be transfered
E.g.: protocols in biolab

Tacit Technology
Non-articulated knowledge
Usually based on experience
and therefore remains within
the minds of its developers
E.g.: apprenticeship program

BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati

Management of Technology (MoT)


Natural
Science

Engineering

MoT
Business
Theory

Social
Science

Industrial
Practice

We need to manage the technology very well because


technology determines how the history goes on ...

So ..., MoT is an
interdisciplinary
field

Technology
has had
such a
profound
effect on
human
lives that
progress of
civilization
is
frequently
identified
by the
dominant
technology
of the age.

Ancient Mesopotamian Agriculture

Evolution of Technology
by Age

Stone Age
Bronze Age
Iron Age

Steam Age
Electricity Age
Nuclear Age
Electronic Age
Space Age
Information Age
Biobased-tech Age
BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati

Summary

Technolo
gical
World

Primitive
Society

Hunting &
Gathering

Shifting &
Farming

Developing
Society

Agriculture
& Mining

Manufacturing
& Processing

Synthesizing
& Recycling

Developed
Society

Natural
World

Future
Society
BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati

Basically, TECHNOLOGY is ...

or, something
in between

created by human for


adapting to the environment

created by human for


altering the environment to
adapt human life.

The art of survival

Choices
From the historical perspective,
civilizations were built around the use of
innovative technology.

Farming, domesticating animals, storing crops


Building impressive cities & temples
From making potteries to forging armors
Amassing wealth, gaining power

But then, when they lagged in technology


or when the natures damaged because of
they misused the technology, both of the
men and their civilizations ..., vanished.
Why?

Thats because ...

Technology is a double edges sword, it can be used for the good


of humanity, as well as for its destruction.
Technology empowers people in both war & peace.

Balance
The key is to balance
the utilization and
conservation of
natural resources.
About this, the
questions are:

Till what degree could we alter the


environment?

Till what degree could we force


ourselves to adapt to the
environment without compromising
our welfare?
What kind of technology do we
need to get the balance between
our welfare, and the welfare of
nature?

Get on the Balance with the Latest Technology


Nanotechnology

BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati

Technology in Life Sciences


BIOTECHNOLOGY

Constructed wetland for wastewater


treatment

ECOTECHNOLOGY

Technology in Life Sciences


Characteristics

Biotechnology
(Earlier)

Ecotechnology
(Latest)

Cell

Ecosystem

Genetics; cell biology

Ecology

Control

Genetics structure

Forcing function,
organisms

Design

Human design

Self design with some


human help

Changed

Protected

Enormous

Reasonable

Fossil fuel based

Solar based

Basic Unit
Basic Principles

Biotic Diversity
Maintenance &
Development Cost
Energy Basis

BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati

ASSIGNMENT
Please read some references below.
Khalil, T. 2000. Management of Technology: The Key to Competitiveness and
Wealth Creation. McGraw-Hill International Editions. Pages: 1-31.
http://www.fema.gov/pdf/floodplain/nfip_sg_unit_1.pdf
http://meteo.bmkg.go.id/peringatan/banjirjakarta
After that, read some news about floodings in Indonesia. Then, please explain how
can we handle the flooding issue using the life sciences based technology. Using
the technology that could balance the utilization (alteration) of natural resources
and its conservation.
For guidance, you need to include these poins on your explanation.
1. The nature and factors causing floods, including its relationship with human
activities.
Especially, please state why floods will always happen in places like Jakarta
and Baleendah (Southern part of Bandung).
1. The life science based technology in preventing and managing floods.
2. The reasons why its the best to handle the issue via life science based
BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi
technology .
Hayati

Submission
Submit your assignment individually via e-mail
to arni.rahmawati@gmail.com
File type
File name

:
:

Mail subject
Deadline

:
:

pdf
PSTH_A5_NIM
e.g. PSTH_A5_16107055
PSTH A5
February 27th, 2015 (Engineering)
March 3rd, 2015 (Science)

23.59 WIB
Only submission with relevant format will be
evaluated.

Segara Anakan Lagoon, Cilacap (14-04-2013)

Thank you ...