Job Roles in the TV & Film Industry

Typical Structure of Film Crew
Key: Management. Editorial. Technical. Creative.

(All of these roles that are mentioned in the structure of a film crew are also
within a typical TV production company)
Director: Gives directions to actors on set and editor/s during post-production
First Assistant Director: Director’s assistant but is in charge of time keeping and
the smooth running of all roles on set
Producer: Recruits all the crew members and delegates roles
Casting Director: In charge of casting
Distributor: Distributes the film
Scriptwriter: Writes the script
Director: Tells the actors how they should act
Actors: Act as the characters in the production
Art director/Set design: Designs the film set and provides props
Make-Up: Puts make-up on the actors
Costume: Chooses what the character should wear
Lighting Director: Positions the lighting on set

Editor: Edits the footage
Director: Sits in on the edit and gives the editor directions on how it should look
Title Designer: Designs the opening title for films and programmes
Camera Operator: Films the footage
Music Editor: Helps the director to decide what soundtracks are suitable for
certain scenes
Sound Mixer: Works alongside boom operator to ensure microphones are put in
the right place to obtain the best sound quality
Boom Operator: Operates/positions handheld and mounted microphones to pick
up necessary sounds
Moving Light Operator: Controls automated and manual lighting chosen by the
Script Supervisor: In charge of making sure continuity runs correctly with the
Producer: Approves scheduling and locations found by the 1stAD
First Assistant Director: In charge of arranging locations, props and equipment,
checking weather reports and the nearest emergency stations
Financial Controller: Ensures that proper financial controls and reporting
procedures are in place.
Producer Transport Co-ordinator: Arranges vehicles for transportation by taking
all needed facilities into account
Casting Director: Organises casting of all the actors needed in the film (including
Production Accountant: Manages finances and maintains financial records during
production, Casting, Location, Catering
3 Job Roles to Investigate In Detail

Director (Management)
Interpreting the script and making it into a film. This can involve planning locations,
shots, pacing, acting styles and anything else which affects the feel of the movie.
Overseeing the cinematography and technical aspects,
Coaching actors and directing them towards the required performances,
Coordinating staff on set, directing the shooting timetable and ensuring that deadlines
are met. The Directors role has a huge impact on the end production due to the crucial
decisions they have to make.
Education and Training
There are many training courses and books on directing and studying directing but you
don’t need a formal qualification to become a Director. As you do not need a whole load
of qualifications making short films you have made yourself are very good starting places
into getting into the business. You will need up to date knowledge of filmmaking
techniques and equipment that would be used.
Work Patterns
Working hours on a shoot would often be long and irregular according to the production's
needs, and may include evenings and weekends. Expect to be working long, irregular and
unsociable hours.
Typical Contract Arrangements
Given a time period to work with and getting a film produced in the time given which is
up to the quality the producer is happy with.
Potential Salaries
At the start directors often make nothing as they are doing their own projects but once a
director starts making money it can vary from wildly. Film Directors earn an average
salary of $90,240 per year. Salaries typically start from $31,650 and go up to $187,040.
These numbers may vary depending on several factors, like level of education, amount of
experience, industry, company size and location.
Relationships with Other Members of a Production Team
Since the director is going to be making the decisions on set they are going to want to
have a strong relationship with everyone they are around because everyone is going
have to follow their orders as such. But the relationships with the other members may
vary depending on what decisions you make because some people may not agree with
what you are doing.
Career Pathways
You can be signed up with a film company where you will be directing their films and
taking a huge role into the production. Through the years you would be signed onto
bigger films with a bigger salary and budget depending on how well you do as a director.

3 Job Roles to Investigate In Detail

Actors (Creative)
Actors are responsible for rehearsal attendance, punctuality, line memorization. They
must know the script very well and able to follow it perfectly knowing how and when they
should be acting. They must be able to bring the words on script to life and blood and
flesh to the characters to make a realistic experience for the viewers.
The way the actor presents their performance has a huge impact on the film for example
if I saw a film with amazing special effects, awesome story line but terrible acting I
wouldn’t proceed to watch it. So acting makes up a huge amount of the film.
Education and Training
You will need to have a lot of training to become a successful actor. Drama school would
be very helpful in getting the right training. You can take qualifications or a huge variety
of courses to help you get to where you want to be. But remember training in acting is
the key to success.
Work Patterns
Acting is not a typical nine-to-five job. Actors have to perform when the filming schedule
demands it. Actors work anytime, including early mornings, evenings, late nights,
weekends and national holidays.
Typical Contract Arrangements
To go out with a film crew, follow the script and follow the Directors instructions to
produce a performance from the script that the director and producer is happy with.
Potential Salaries
Understandably, there is no standard salary range for actors in the UK. You will usually be
paid on a production-by-production basis and the amount you receive will be entirely
dependent on the type of acting you’re doing. Typically, film and television actors earn
more than theatre actors. However, it all depends on the reputation, experience and
celebrity status of the individual actor.
Relationships with Other Members of a Production Team
Building a good relationship with everyone on set could get you bigger acting parts in the
film. Also makes it easier for the director to give you advice on what you are doing
correct or wrong. Also as you are going to be communicating with pretty much everyone
on set you are gonna need a good relationship with everyone on set.
Career Pathways
There is no specific path you should take but auditions for films or adverts will certainly
help you achieve your goal as you will soon be making your way up through the business.

3 Job Roles to Investigate In Detail

Camera Operator (Technical)

Getting the perfect shot ready for editing and following director’s instructions and also
what the script is telling you. Remembering the types of shots and working out what the
best type of movement for the camera would be to get a look which the producer is
looking for. Be able to work in teams and compose shots at a precise speed and
Education and Training
You do not need a specific qualification to work in this role. Instead, you would usually
learn the practical skills required through hands-on experience on the job. You will
however need education in all aspects to do with working the cameras and the names for
shots etc.
Work Patterns
Working hours on a shoot would often be long and irregular according to the production's
needs, and may include evenings and weekends. Expect to be working long, irregular and
unsociable hours.
Typical Contract Arrangements
Doing a series of shots following the script that are able to be edited and put together in
order to produce the final composition.
Potential Salaries
A Cameraman earns an average salary of £36,254 per year. Experience has a moderate
effect on pay for this job. Average salary per hour is £15 - £21 for a camera operator In
the UK.
Relationships with Other Members of a Production Team
You will have to build a relationship with everyone who’s part of the production as you
will be given instructions but also you will be giving instructions to other people at the
same time.
Career Pathways
Intensive industry experience is the best route into this role, having gained a grounding
in the basic camera skills and knowledge required. You could begin your career as a
Camera Assistant, and then work your way up through the ranks of the camera
department over several years.

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