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)

Calculation for Evaluating the Need for Protection:

ESTIMATION OF EXPOSURE RISK (ELECTRICAL SUBSTATION):

Calculation of Collection Area, A0

Collection Area, A0

=

(L X W) + 2(L X H) + 2(W X H) + π H2

(Square metre)

Where,

LWH-

Length of building

Width of the building

Height of the building

=

=

=

A0

=

=

A0 X Ng X 10-5

767.04

26 metres

9.00 metres

6 metres

(Square metre)

Probable Number of risks (P)

P

(times per year)

Where,

Acceptable risk is taken as 10-5

Ng -

**Number of flashes to ground (per km2 per year)
**

Ng

=

2.8

P

=

0.02148

Applying the Weighting factors:

(Refer NOTE)

**(flashes per km2 per year)
**

(times per year)

**The Overall multiplying factor
**

A

B

C

D

E

The Overall multiplying factor

=

(A X B X C X D X E)

=

=

=

=

=

1.2

0.4

0.3

1

0.3

=

0.0432

(Refer Above tables 1A to 1E)

**Overall Risk factor:
**

The overall risk factor

=

=

**(Overall multipying factor X Ng)
**

0.12096

Based upon the Overall risk factor, we can conclude the need for lightning protection for the building.

(Note:- if the result obtained is considerably less than 10^-5 (1 in 100000) then, in the absence of other overriding considerations,

protection does not appear necessary; if the result is greater than 10^-5, say for example 10^-4 (1 in 10000) then sound reasons wou

be needed to support a decision not to give protection).

Conclusion:

Hence,from the overall risk factor obtained. Protection is necessary

(Refer below Note)

overriding considerations,

000) then sound reasons would

**NEED FOR LIGHTNING PROTECTION (AS PER IS-2309:1989)
**

Calculation for Evaluating the Need for Protection:

ESTIMATION OF EXPOSURE RISK (OFFICE AND LAB):

Calculation of Collection Area, A0

Collection Area, A0

=

(L X W) + 2(L X H) + 2(W X H) + π H2

(Square metre)

Where,

LWH-

Length of building

Width of the building

Height of the building

=

=

=

A0

=

=

A0 X Ng X 10-5

1709.16

23 metres

15.00 metres

12 metres

(Square metre)

**Probable Number of risks (P)
**

P

(times per year)

Where,

Acceptable risk is taken as 10-5

Ng -

**Number of flashes to ground (per km2 per year)
**

Ng

=

2.8

P

=

0.047856

Applying the Weighting factors:

(Refer NOTE)

**(flashes per km2 per year)
**

(times per year)

**The Overall multiplying factor
**

A

B

C

D

E

The Overall multiplying factor

=

(A X B X C X D X E)

=

=

=

=

=

1.2

0.4

0.3

1

0.3

=

0.0432

(Refer Above tables 1A to 1E)

**Overall Risk factor:
**

The overall risk factor

=

=

**(Overall multipying factor X Ng)
**

0.12096

Based upon the Overall risk factor, we can conclude the need for lightning protection for the building.

(Note:- if the result obtained is considerably less than 10^-5 (1 in 100000) then, in the absence of other overriding considerations,

protection does not appear necessary; if the result is greater than 10^-5, say for example 10^-4 (1 in 10000) then sound reasons wou

be needed to support a decision not to give protection).

Conclusion:

Hence,from the overall risk factor obtained. Protection is necessary

(Refer below Note)

overriding considerations,

000) then sound reasons would

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