# NEED FOR LIGHTNING PROTECTION (AS PER IS-2309:1989

)
Calculation for Evaluating the Need for Protection:
ESTIMATION OF EXPOSURE RISK (ELECTRICAL SUBSTATION):
Calculation of Collection Area, A0

Collection Area, A0

=

(L X W) + 2(L X H) + 2(W X H) + π H2

(Square metre)

Where,
LWH-

Length of building
Width of the building
Height of the building

=
=
=

A0

=

=

A0 X Ng X 10-5

767.04

26 metres
9.00 metres
6 metres

(Square metre)

Probable Number of risks (P)

P

(times per year)

Where,
Acceptable risk is taken as 10-5
Ng -

Number of flashes to ground (per km2 per year)
Ng

=

2.8

P

=

0.02148

Applying the Weighting factors:

(Refer NOTE)

(flashes per km2 per year)
(times per year)

The Overall multiplying factor
A
B
C
D
E
The Overall multiplying factor

=

(A X B X C X D X E)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2
0.4
0.3
1
0.3

=

0.0432

(Refer Above tables 1A to 1E)

Overall Risk factor:
The overall risk factor

=
=

(Overall multipying factor X Ng)
0.12096

Based upon the Overall risk factor, we can conclude the need for lightning protection for the building.

(Note:- if the result obtained is considerably less than 10^-5 (1 in 100000) then, in the absence of other overriding considerations,
protection does not appear necessary; if the result is greater than 10^-5, say for example 10^-4 (1 in 10000) then sound reasons wou
be needed to support a decision not to give protection).
Conclusion:
Hence,from the overall risk factor obtained. Protection is necessary

(Refer below Note)

overriding considerations,
000) then sound reasons would

NEED FOR LIGHTNING PROTECTION (AS PER IS-2309:1989)
Calculation for Evaluating the Need for Protection:
ESTIMATION OF EXPOSURE RISK (OFFICE AND LAB):
Calculation of Collection Area, A0
Collection Area, A0

=

(L X W) + 2(L X H) + 2(W X H) + π H2

(Square metre)

Where,
LWH-

Length of building
Width of the building
Height of the building

=
=
=

A0

=

=

A0 X Ng X 10-5

1709.16

23 metres
15.00 metres
12 metres

(Square metre)

Probable Number of risks (P)
P

(times per year)

Where,
Acceptable risk is taken as 10-5
Ng -

Number of flashes to ground (per km2 per year)
Ng

=

2.8

P

=

0.047856

Applying the Weighting factors:

(Refer NOTE)

(flashes per km2 per year)
(times per year)

The Overall multiplying factor
A
B
C
D
E
The Overall multiplying factor

=

(A X B X C X D X E)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2
0.4
0.3
1
0.3

=

0.0432

(Refer Above tables 1A to 1E)

Overall Risk factor:
The overall risk factor

=
=

(Overall multipying factor X Ng)
0.12096

Based upon the Overall risk factor, we can conclude the need for lightning protection for the building.

(Note:- if the result obtained is considerably less than 10^-5 (1 in 100000) then, in the absence of other overriding considerations,
protection does not appear necessary; if the result is greater than 10^-5, say for example 10^-4 (1 in 10000) then sound reasons wou
be needed to support a decision not to give protection).
Conclusion:
Hence,from the overall risk factor obtained. Protection is necessary

(Refer below Note)

overriding considerations,
000) then sound reasons would