Fabián de la Rosa


May 5, 1869
Paco, Manila, Captaincy
General of the Philippines


December 14, 1937 (aged 68)
Quiapo, Manila, Philippines

Nationality Filipino
Don Fabián Cueto de la Rosa (May 5,
1869 – December 14, 1937) was a
Filipino painter. He was an uncle and
mentor to the Philippines' national artist
in painting, Fernando Amorsolo, and to
his brother Pablo. He is regarded as a
"master of genre" in Philippine art.
Fabián de la Rosa was born in Paco,
Manila to husband and wife Marcos de
la Rosa and Gregoria Cueto. It is
believed that he is the nephew of
another painter, Simón Flores y de la
Rosa. He married Gorgonia Tolentino.
He received his first training in painting
when he was still ten years old, from an
aunt, Mariana de la Rosa. He also

received training from Agustin Saez
while studying at the Escuela de Bellas
Artes y Dibujo (School of Fine Arts and
Portraits), although he only stayed at
that school for three years. He also
received training from Lorenzo Guerrero
and Miguel Zaragoza. In 1908, he was
given the opportunity by the Germinal
Cigar Factory to become a scholar in
Europe, where he was able to study at
the Académie Julian in Paris, France.
As a professor
After traveling from Europe, he became
one of the first instructors at the School
of Fine Arts at the University of the
Philippines, where he introduced to his
students the decorated form of painting.
De la Rosa became the full director of
the school from 1927 to 1937.
Together with his wife, de la Rosa went
back to Europe in 1928, where he
painted in Paris for four months. He also
traveled to Munich, Germany, Geneva,
Switzerland, and Rome. Upon reaching
Madrid, Spain, he held an exhibit of his
works at the Ateneo de Madrid.
It is believed that de la Rosa was able to
paint about 1,000 works while he was
still alive. De la Rosa's works were
divided by Aurelio S. Alvero into three
time periods: those that are academic
but are not giving importance to
atmosphere and ambience; those that
have academic form that gives
importance to the environment that
could be sensed; and those that play
with the use of colors.

Women Working in a Rice Field,
Transplanting Rice, 1904
The Death of General Lawton, 1904

39.2 x 66.2 x 64. Vargas Museum of the University of the Philippines. ca. Louis. Private Collection. 56. Missouri in 1904. 1927 Barcazas en el Rio (Houseboats in a River).5 cm." and was managed by the University of the Philippines with the assistance of the Spanish Program for Cultural Cooperation and Filipiniana. UP Vargas Museum Collection El Kabayo 48.3 x 50 cm.5 cm. 1939 View of Santa Ana Marikina Valley. UP Vargas Museum La pintora (Woman Painter) La bordadora (The Embroiderer) Landscape with Dark Trees. USA Awards Even after his death. It is also during this exposition when his The Death of General Lawton was awarded the bronze prize. 1928. oil on canvas. Paulino Que Collection El kundiman (The Kundiman). 2007. 1909 Planting Rice. 1938.2         Un recuerdo de la Villa Borghese (A Remembrance of the Villa Borghese). a part of Vibal Publishing House. undated. 48. The presentation was given the title "Fabian De la Rosa (1869-1938) Retrospective Exhibition. oil on canvas. oil on canvas. De la Rosa's Transplanting Rice received the golden award at the International Exposition held in St. 1927        Young Filipina. USA Pasay Beach. 1922. Quezon City.2 x 27. de la Rosa was recognized and was given the Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinangan (Guide of the Arts and Culture) by the City of Manila in 1968.2 x 190. . 1938. Manila. Ana. 1930 Riverview of Sta. 34. UP Vargas Museum Collection Barcazas en el Rio (Houseboats in a River). Inc. 1921. UP Vargas Museum Collection Marikina Road. oil on canvas. in Diliman. on January 14.9 cm. 109. Malacañan Palace Collection Los Baños. An exposition about the paintings of de la Rosa was held at the Jorge B. oil on canvas. Private Collection. watercolor.2 x 64. oil on canvas.net. oil on canvas.6 cm.4 cm.

Amorsolo joined competitions and did illustrations for various Philippine publications. Parusa ng Diyos ("Punishment of God"). Pablo Amorsolo. which won him the first prize in the art school exhibition during his graduation year. Between 1909 and 1914. where De la Rosa worked at the time. Amorsolo became an apprentice to De la Rosa. Amorsolo's brother. Beginning in the 1930s. pastoral images set the tone for Philippine painting before World War II . Amorsolo's work was exhibited widely both in the Philippines and abroad.3 Fernando Cueto Amorsolo Born Died Resting place May 30. Except for his darker World War II-era paintings. Amorsolo was sought after by influential Filipinos. Career Amorsolo set up his own studio upon his return to Manila and painted prodigiously during the 1920s and the 1930s. Amorsolo painted quiet and peaceful scenes throughout his career. Regalado's Madaling Araw ("Dawn"). To make money during school. Captaincy General of the Philippines April 24. Philippines Marikina. was also a painter. Iñigo Ed. His bright. Amorsolo's first success as a young painter came in 1908. including Severino Reyes’ first novel in Tagalog language. he entered the University of the Philippines' School of Fine Arts. who would eventually become the advocate and guide to Amorsolo's painting career. 1892 Paco. Amorsolo enrolled at the Art School of the Liceo de Manila. where he earned honors for his After graduating from the Liceo. Amorsolo also became the favorite Philippine artist of United States officials and visitors to the . a contest organized by the Asociacion Internacional de Artistas. when his painting Leyendo el periódico took second place at the Bazar Escolta. His Rice Planting (1922). Philippines Early life and education At the age of 13. became one of the most popular images of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.optimistic. Amorsolo's most notable work as a student at the Liceo was his painting of a young man and a young woman in a garden. Amorsolo graduated with medals from the University of the Philippines in 1914. 1972 (aged 79) Quezon City. as well as illustrations for editions of the Pasion. Manila. which appeared on posters and tourist brochures.

His works later appeared on the cover and pages of children textbooks. Luke's Hospital in Quezon City for two months. Amorsolo was honoured as the first National Artist in Painting at the Cultural Center of the Philippines by then President Ferdinand Marcos. in cartoons and illustrations for the Philippine. Death and legacy After being confined at the St. in novels.4 country. Four days after his death. Salud (1920) One Casualty Our Lady of Light (1950) Planting Rice (1946) Princess Urduja The Rape of Manila (1942) Rice Planting (1922) Sale of Panay Sikatuna Sunday Morning Going To Town (1958) US Senator Warren Magnuson Oil Portrait (1958) Traders El Violinista (The Violinist) . Amorsolo died of heart failure. He was the director of the University of the Philippine's College of Fine Arts from 1938 to 1952. in commercial designs. Major works            Babaeng nagbabasa Afternoon Meal of the Workers (Noonday Meal of the Rice Workers) (1939) Assassination of Governor Bustamante Bataan The Bombing of the Intendencia (1942) The Building of Intramuros Burning of the Idol The Burning of Manila (1946) El Ciego (1928) The Conversion of the Filipinos (1931) Corner of Hell                            Dalagang Bukid (1936) Defense of a Filipina Woman's Honor (1945) La destruccion de Manila por los salvajes japoneses (The Destruction of Manila by the Savage Japanese) Early Filipino State Wedding Early Sulu Wedding The Explosion (1944) The First Baptism in the Philippines The First Mass in the Philippines Fruit Gatherer (1950) Babaeng nagbabasa Fruit Pickers Harvesting Under The Mango Tree (1939) Maiden in a Stream (1921) Making of the Philippine Flag The Mestiza (1943) My Wife.

Angelito Antonio. Manansala developed transparent cubism.5 École des Beaux-Arts in Paris by the Antipolo by Fernando Amorsolo. A fine example of Manansala using this "transparent and translucent" technique is his composition. wherein the "delicate tones. Kalabaw (Carabao). The Honolulu Museum of Art. was a direct influence to his fellow Filipino neo-realists: Malang. Manansala received a six-month grant by UNESCO to study at the École des Beaux-Arts in Banff and Montreal. Holy Angel University . a National Artist of the Philippines in Visual Arts. the Lopez Memorial Museum (Manila). Pampanga. Norma Belleza and Manuel Baldemor. Manansala combined the elements of provincial folk culture with the congestion issues of the city. Canada. and patterns of figure and environment are masterfully superimposed". celebrating a town fiesta. His Madonna of the Slums is a portrayal of a mother and child from the countryside who became urban shanty residents once in the city. he received a nine-month scholarship to study at the Manansala's canvases were described as masterpieces that brought the cultures of the barrio and the city together. Vicente Silva Manansala Born January 22. the Philippine Center (New York City). depictingFrench Filipinosgovernment. shapes. 1910 Macabebe. Philippines) are among the public collections holding work by Vicente Manansala. Philippines Nationality Filipino Known for painter and illustrator Awards National Artist of the Philippines in Visual Arts He studied at the U. In 1949. Vicente Manansala. Philippine Islands Died August 22.P. School of Fine Arts. 1981 (aged 71) Manila. the Singapore Art Museum and Holy Angel University (Angeles City. In 1950. In his Jeepneys.

51 x 84 inches. He died due to cancer. 28.  Planting the First Cross  Seal of Arellano University  Slum Dwellers  Bayanihan  Balut Vendors  Jansen Rodriguez . 1980. Oil on canvas.5 inches x 38 inches. Works  Madonna of the Slums  Jeepneys  Kalabaw (Carabao). 1940.6 recently opened a section of its museum called The Vicente Manansala Collection. holding most of the estate left by the artist. 14 x 18 inches. Oil on canvas.  Pila Pila sa Bigas (Left and Right). 1965  Murals "Stations of the cross " in the Church of the Parish of the Holy Sacrifice  Bangkusay Seascape. oil on canvas.

for Best-Served. for Give Us This Day 1962 Best in Show Art Association of the Philippines. for Fish Vendors    1955 3rd Prize Art Association of the Philippines. 28. Well-Gained 1957 Outstanding UP Alumnus 1962 2nd Prize Art Association of the Philippines. UST. for Banaklaot 1953 2nd Prize Art Association of the Philippines. for Pounding Rice 1950 1st Prize Manila Grand Opera House Exhibition. oil on canvas. for Kahig (Scratch) 1955 2nd Prize Art Association of the Philippines.7 Awards:         1941 1st Prize National Art Exhibition. for Give Us This Day 1963 Republic Cultural Heritage Award 1970 Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinangan Award from the City of Manila Kalabaw (Carabao). 1965 .5 inches x 38 inches. for Barong-Barong #1 1950 1st Prize Art Association of the Philippines First Annual Art Competition.

"The Builders". His growing appreciation to what he saw veered him away from the conservative academic art and Realistic schools and thus he began to paint in the modern manner. By seventh grade. having won awards in school debates and writing competitions. Fondation Des Ecoles D'Art Education Americaines De Fontainebleau Notable work "The Sketch". Dagupan. one of which was the Annual Exhibition of North American Artists. Philippines Nationality Filipino University of Washington. This art show presented modern European artists. Edades is a Filipino painter who was the leader of the revolutionary Thirteen Moderns who engaged their classical compatriots in heated debate over the nature and function of art. "Interaction". His artistic ability surfaced during his early years." Paintings he saw dealt with similar themes and were done . His entry The Sketch (1927) won second prize. Edades Born December 13. his teachers were so impressed with him that he was dubbed "apprentice teacher" in his art class. "The Model and The Artist" Movement Modernism Victorio C. When he returned to the Philippines in 1928. August 1937". He was the youngest of ten children (six of whom died of smallpox). Modernist thought encourages experimentation in artistic expression and allows the artist to present reality as he sees it in his own way. He enrolled at the University of Washington where he took up architecture and later earned a Master of Fine Arts in Painting. and made him as what he is known now. Pangasinan. Captaincy General of the Philippines Died March 7. he participated in art competitions. The significant event that stirred Edades. He was also an achiever from the very beginning. was his encounter with the traveling exhibition from the New York Armory Hall. He was named a National Artist in 1976.8 Victorio C. Biography Victorio Edades’ parents were Hilario and Cecilia Edades. During his journey to America. and require a mastery of refined detailing. "Fontainebleau. 1985 (aged 89) Davao City. he saw that the state of art was "practically dead. What attracted Edades to the modernist movement was its principle to go beyond the idealistic exteriors propagated by Impressionism and Realism. The two former schools of thought were inclined more towards idyllic subject matter. 1895 Barrio Bolosan.

It was a distinguished exhibit. Honoris Causa. In 1935. So in December. Oil on canvas.9 in a limited technique that mostly followed the works of Fernando Amorsolo. There he taught for a time at the Philippine Women's College and resumed his career as an artist. Tomas Department of Architecture in 1930 and was its acting head. He showed thirty paintings. The Sketch. 1928. Edades helped organized the University of Sto. for the Filipino art circle was suddenly shaken by what this young man from Pangasinan had learned from his studies abroad. On February 12. Viewers and critics were apparently shocked and not one painting was sold. Edades. the first Philippine national artist and the most popular painter of the time. 1985. 1977. UST conferred on Edades the degree of Doctor of Fine Arts. which he organized under the wing of Architecture. He died on March 7. he was appointed as Director of the UST College of Architecture and Fine Arts. and that the artists of that time were merely "copying" each other. including those that won acclaim in America. He was guided by the existing American curricula when he made the Fi Painting. Edades retired to Davao City with his family. 96 x 117 cm . Victorio C. He recognized that there was no creativity whatsoever. Edades bravely mounted a one-man show at the Philippine Columbia Club in Ermita to introduce to the masses what his modern art was all about.

Philippine Juan M. after Carlos Barreto. He attended the Ateneo Municipal de Manila and graduated in 1908. he pursued architecture and was sent to the United States as one of the first pensionados in architecture. However. His first passion was painting and he trained under Lorenzo Guerrero. Misamis Occidental Provincial Capitol Building (1935) and the Jones Bridge. Philippines to Luis C. who was sent to the Drexel Institute in 1908. Manila. 1932) the Negros Occidental Provincial Capitol (1936). Oscar. the Cebu Provincial Capitol (1937). now houses the National Museum of the Philippines). and Fabian de la Rosa. He was trained in the . Arellano and Bartola de Guzmán. Luis. Cesar. was a Filipino architect.the Central Student Church (today known as the Central United Methodist Church.10 Institute of Architects Precursor of the 1st Architectural Exposition in Asia Juan M. Philippines Alma mater Ateneo de Manila University Occupation Architect Known for Neo Classic and Art Deco buildings Spouse(s) Naty Ocampo Parent(s) Luis C. Arellano went to the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1911 and subsequently transferred to Drexel to finish his bachelor's degree in Architecture. 1960 (aged 72) Metro Manila. Arellano was born on April 25. best known for Manila's Metropolitan Theater (1935). Antonio Toledo. Juanita. who went to Ohio State. Arellano was married Naty Ocampo on May 15. 1915. the Manila Central Post Office Building (1926). Salvador. Arellano Bartola de Guzmán Awards Medal of Merit Awardee. who went to Cornell. the Bank of the Philippine Islands Cebu Main Branch (1940). Arellano. Philippine Institute of Architects Honours 5th President. Gloria and Carlos. He had eight children. 1888 in Tondo Manila. Juan Marcos. Toribio Antillon. and Tomás Mapúa. Arellano Born Juan Marcos Arellano y de Guzmán April 25. Captaincy General of the Philippines Died December 5. 1888 Tondo. Life and works Juan M. Legislative Building (1926.

which was then considered controversially modern. Jr. He continued to act as a consulting architect for the Bureau of Public Works where he oversaw the production of the Manila's first zoning plan. Doane. Arellano retired in 1956 and went back to painting.11 Beaux Arts and subsequently went to work for George B. While these structures were all reconstructed. He then returned to the Philippines to begin a practice with his brother. Arcadio. he took a study leave and went to the United States where he was greatly influenced by Art Deco architecture. Post & Sons in New York City. he returned to Manila and designed the Bulacan Provincial Capitol. He designed a demesne along the edge of Manila Bay. were leaving. He later joined the Bureau of Public Works just as the last American architects. he and Harry Frost created a design for Quezon City. He and Tomás Mapúa were then named as supervising architects. which featured a mission revival style mansion that took advantage of the seaside vista. where he worked for Frederick Law Olmsted.Manila Metropolitan Theater. he exhibited his work at the Manila YMCA. In 1940. later the Embassy of the United States in Manila. . During World War II. George Fenhagen and Ralph H. The Americans instead opted for a federal-style building that ended up overpriced and uncomfortable. the Legislative Building and Jones Bridge were totally destroyed and the Post Office Building was severely damaged. It was during that time that he designed the building that would house the United States High Commission to the Philippines. which was to become the new capital of the Philippines. his original designs were not followed and were considered poor replications. In 1927. In 1930. In 1960.

Bulacan Provincial Capitol in Malolos City built in 1930 designed by Juan Arellano .

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