How to Prevent damage to ship & machinery prior entering freezing areas

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How to Prevent damage to ship & machinery prior entering freezing areas
Deck Preparations
The Master shall ensure that the following measures have been taken to prevent damage to Vessel, Machinery, Pipelines and Equipment
prior entry into areas with Freezing Conditions.
1) Freeze prevention for Pipe lines and Valves / Systems related
2) Draining Fresh and Sea water Pipe lines, Valves, etc
3) Fire line, deck wash lines, ballast water lines, tank cleaning lines, and various lines containing water shall be drained.
4) Where remaining water cannot be drained by gravity because of piping layout, flanges shall be removed for draining.
5) Steam supply and return lines, exposed to freezing temperatures shall be drained completely.
6) Prior steam usage and entry in freezing temperatures, all steam traps should be cleaned, so that the flow will not be impeded by
condensation or freezing.
7) Freshwater lines outside accommodation and E/R should be drained
8) Suitable cautionary placards to be posted at pumps and main valves
9) Except for unavoidable cases, do not flow water in a line that has once been drained.
10) Draining Heating Coils / Traces in Machinery space and/or Under passage
When not in use, coils shall be shut from steam and exhaust lines by applying blind plates at Steam / Exhaust valves, and Heating coils in
tanks shall be airblown to flush drain out.

Additional for Tankers // Draining and isolating of Heating Coils and Traces for:
Cargo Oil Tanks and Pipes
AUS, Seal Water Tank
IGS, Deck Seal Water Tank

Freeze prevention for Apparatuses
Air Motors and Float Gauges
Fill void with waste rags, cover the unit with waste blanket and further, cover them with Plastic sheet to prevent wetness and freezing.
Replace Lub. Oil with that for Exclusive use in Cold districts.
Drain sections of Pneumatic lines to remove traces of moisture carried over into driving air.
Life boats
Add Antifreeze mixture or Drain for cooling fresh water from the Boat Engine
Emergency generator
Add sufficient quantity of Antifreeze liquid inside the Radiator.
Additional for Tankers // Refill Freshwater of P/V Breaker with Antifreeze liquid

10/17/2016 6:58 PM

request the supply of such information (Such information is available free of charge). Heating in accommodation shall be checked for satisfactory working.com/freezing-conditions. Additional for Tankers // Maintain Heating the Deck Seal water Tank. Ice information via weather facsimile. Turn on Navigation Lights at all times (at sea). or across a sea which might Freeze. Freeze prevention for Deck machinery Keep the Hydraulic Pumps running continuously Replace Hydraulic Oil in Hydraulic pumps with that for exclusive use in cold districts No-load operation of the Windlass. Also under severe Cold district. etc.How to Prevent damage to ship & machinery prior entering freezing areas 2 of 4 http://shipsbusiness. Crew work shall be planned such that they are less exposed to cold weather. above No-load operation may be required Prior to enter such an area. Open the door between the Machinery Space and Steering gear room to prevent temperature drop in the Steering gear room (During times of manned machinery spaces only) Continuous operation of Hydraulic Pumps for the Steering gear (Turn the rudder every 30 min. 10/17/2016 6:58 PM . All personnel shall be instructed in hazards of working in freezing conditions. and information from local agency. If a route to detour around the frozen sea is available. while in port) Measures For Navigation In Areas Where Ice May Be Encountered For navigation in areas where Ice may be encountered. Winches and other Deck machinery for a few minutes prior taking load. the Master shall carry out the following items to assure safe navigation of the vessel. AUS (Auto Unloading Systems) Seal Water Tank. Bridge Clear View Screen. etc if provided with heating lines or Maintaining a Continuous Flow. subject to the Port or Terminal regulation. while in port. Additional for Tankers // Drain seal water inside Vacuum pump Freeze Prevention for Nautical instruments Continuous operation of the Radar. the detour should be selected even if the distance increases greatly. Collection of Ice Information Try to obtain the latest information through telecommunication. Freeze Prevention in Machinery space Close openings to the outside Adjust the number of ventilating fans on operation in the machinery space. Study of Detour Never make light of the danger and difficulty of navigation in Ice. Ice information from WNI Ocean-routes and Weather Associations. Consideration for adding de-icing salt to prevent slipping could be carried out. If under contract on weather routing service.html Freeze prevention for Fresh and Sea Water Tanks. Switch on Heaters of the Air horn. Windows. Ensure full tanks have sufficient void to allow for expansion. Pay attention to fresh water tanks in life boats (To leave some void) Crew protection Crew shall be well equipped with warm working gear.

If an ice block has come under the bottom of the vessel. This study includes the possible lineup that can use Sea water in Ballast tanks as Engine Cooling Water. If icing has occurred. Winches. and then increase to moderate speed to maintain headway and control of the ship. Record Keeping The Navigation in Cold Weather Checklist shall be used on each occasion of navigating in cold districts. The Main Engine must be ready for "Go astern" any time. Cargo handling equipment etc. The Master shall be on the bridge to Command the vessel directly. The vessel goes south to waters where sea water temperature is higher for prevention of icing or for thawing.com/freezing-conditions. the Rudder must be Mid-ship to prevent the Propeller and Rudder from damage. If De-icing work by the crew only is difficult. Master is also reminded of the obligation. Consideration should be given to the reduction in Meter-centric Height (GM) caused by ice accretion and its countermeasures. Preparations for entering into Ice Sea The Master shall ensure that the following preparation is made prior to navigating in Ice Sea: Confirm that the main engine is available at any time and that the Steering gear is fully operational. Except in an emergency. Preventive Measures Against Icing On Hull The Master shall take the following preventive measures to prepare for icing on the hull: Try to obtain weather information on icing as much as possible if very heavy icing is expected. or in ice. the Rudder angle must be limited to Minimize to prevent of Large athwart-ship motion of the Stern. Do not drop anchor where ice is dense to avoid the danger of anchor chain being cut. [Chapter 6 (Iced). Maneuvering Vessel During Navigation in Ice The Master shall pay the following special attention during Navigation in Ice Sea. Documents For Reference The Mariner's Handbook (BA Publication). consider an arrangement for subcontractors on the shore side. under SOLAS to transmit danger messages on observation of ice. Frequency of Sounding Tanks to be increased. For "Go astern". Chapter 7 (Operation in Polar Regions and where ice is prevalent)] Ice Navigation in Canadian Waters (Canadian Coast Guard) Navigational Radio Aid 10/17/2016 6:58 PM . and notify such situation to the Operator.html Ice information from BIMCO (the Baltic and International Maritime Council) is obtained through agent. consulting on the following actions with the operator: a. Ensure all Water-tight / Weather-tight closures have been shut Pull up the Electromagnetic Log for protection of its sensor block if the block is normally projected from the vessel's bottom. Control the Draft.How to Prevent damage to ship & machinery prior entering freezing areas 3 of 4 http://shipsbusiness.. Confirm Nautical instruments and telecommunication equipments are fully operational. to avoid blockage of Sea chests. Trim. To prevent the hull from damage due to impact. and Heel (Use ballasting to obtain Maximum possible Draft and Trim by the stern). enter the ice at Low speed. drop the speed immediately to protect the rudder and propeller. Keep contingency plans ready at hand to prepare for the blockage of the Sea chest. notify the operator. (North Europe and the East Coast of Canada). Use the Low suction for Main Engine Cooling Sea Water suction. carry out De-icing work to the Windlass. Make a strict Watch & Look out by means of Sight and Radar. b.

. What are the steering gear check item ? .. not exhaustive in nature and one must always be guided by practices of good seamanship.com is merely an informational site about various aspects of ships operation..html Related topics: What is navigation in heavy weather ? . The procedures explained here are only indicative. Passage planning guideline for navigation in confined water . What is navigation in restricted visibility ? ..com/freezing-conditions..com All rights reserved.. Other info pages ! Ships Charterparties Related terms & guideline Stevedores injury How to prevent injury onboard Environmental issues How to prevent marine pollution Cargo & Ballast Handling Safety Guideline Reefer cargo handling Troubleshoot and countermeasures DG cargo handling Procedures & Guidelines Safety in engine room Standard procedures Questions from user and feedback Read our knowledgebase Home page ShipsBusiness. User feedback is important to update our database.Read our privacy policy and site use information..shipsbusiness. For any comment or suggestions please Contact us Site Use and Privacy .. 10/17/2016 6:58 PM ...How to Prevent damage to ship & machinery prior entering freezing areas 4 of 4 http://shipsbusiness. prevention of pollution and many safety guideline.... What is navigation in congested water ? . //Home //Terms and conditions of use Copyright © 2015 www..maintenance procedure..