Elektrohydraulische

Ventilsteuerung
EHVS
Electro-hydraulic
Valvetrain
System EHVS
FPNI Forum 2004, Bad Ischl

02.03.2004 | FPNI 2004.ppt
© Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as
copying and passing on to third parties.

1
FV/SLE1

Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS
FPNI Forum 2004, Bad Ischl

Agenda
1. Why a hydraulic solution?
2. How does the EHVS work?
3. What components are used?
4. What results can be measured at the test bench?
5. Next steps?
02.03.2004 | FPNI 2004.ppt
© Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as
copying and passing on to third parties.

2
FV/SLE1

ppt 103 408 144 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. multi stroke operation Reduce of idle speed (more stable due to less residual gas) Torque curve/Power Î Operating-point-dependent optimization of valve timing and stroke Exhaust gas Î Î Operating-point-dependent variation of the charge motion Variable internal exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) Additional functions Î Î Î Î more efficient engine brake new starting strategies less assembly groups reduced size of the engine 02.03. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. 3 FV/SLE1 .2004 | FPNI 2004.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Expected Advantages for Gasoline Engines Fuel consumption/Efficiency Î Î Î Minimization of gas exchange losses (‚dethrottling‘. cylinder cutoff. with manifold injection) valve cutoff.

4 FV/SLE1 . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.ppt 103 635 442 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. „stroke“ and „valve velocity“. For this the opening and closing angle and the stroke of the individual gas exchange valves are to be controlled cycle to cycle conform. • All material. especially the fail safe position „gas exchange valve closed“. • In order to achieve a low-cost serial production with a high number of pieces there is to be aimed a use of the control principle as well as the partial components with all known engine types and combustion concepts.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Requirements to a fully variable Valvetrain • The simultaneous and uncoupled optimization of the fuel consumption and the emissions requires the independent control of fresh mixture. residual gas and charge motion. is to be considered in the system‘s design.03. • The system‘s fail safety. 02.2004 | FPNI 2004. • The different engine types which are all to be covered with the same principle require a broadly applicable range relating to the parameters „force“. partial components and production processes necessary for the system‘s assembly are to be selected in compliance with the criterions availability and process safety.

stroke (>10mm) Î valve velocity and braking behavior adapted to operating point Î valve free travel is not always to be assumed Î cylinder head with actuators. 5 FV/SLE1 ..03.ppt © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.5ms/10mm). 140°C 02..Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Titel des Kapitels Specification Î parameter‘s combination: high force (>1000N). velocity (2. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. checkable as module afterwards installation of the whole module on the engine block Î exchange of individual actuators installed on the mounted cylinder head Î temperatures between -40°C .2004 | FPNI 2004.

We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. magneto -strictive 6 FV/SLE1 .03. counter spring one 3/3 solenoid valve 02.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Technology Decision gas exchange cylinder rotary valve flat rotary valve flat seat valve camless valve train systems with cam pendulum systems electromagnetic electrohydraulic single acting plunger.ppt ball valve linear systems electromagnetic electrohydraulic pneumatic double acting plunger (identical surface) two 2/2 solenoid valves electromotive piezoelectric differentialplunger servo solenoid valve 103 448 149 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.2004 | FPNI 2004.

ppt © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. Bad Ischl Agenda 1.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS FPNI Forum 2004.03.2004 | FPNI 2004. Why a hydraulic solution? 2. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. What components are used? 4. 7 FV/SLE1 . Next steps? 02. What results can be measured at the test bench? 5. How does the EHVS work? 3.

ppt Time open closed IO 103 449 149 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.2004 | FPNI 2004. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Operating Principle of the Differential Piston Gas exchange valve‘s stroke depending on the control MV1/MV2 Stroke MV 1 MV 2 opening hold closing Gas exchange valve Valve brake closed MV 1 open Time closed Gas exchange valve MV 2 Control for big stroke of gas exchange valve Control for small stroke of gas exchange valve 02. IC Time 8 FV/SLE1 .03.

. Low pressure supply (<5bar) SP rail ....ppt HPV . Solenoid valves 02.2004 | FPNI 2004..03.. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties..200bar) ND rail ......7 Every actuator includes: Actuator SD-Rail DRV 2/2 solenoid valve currentless closed at high-pressure side RB MV1 MV2 ND-Rail 2/2 solenoid valve currentless opened at low-pressure side Throttle for valve brake adjustable via pilot pressure (-> variable valve brake) two-stage differential piston drive hydraulic length compensation HD-Rail Every actuator can be: HDV GWV assembled or disassembled individually at the engine completely connected hydraulically via the bearing surface HD rail ...... Gas exchange valve 103 611 350 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights..20bar) MV1/MV2 ............. Pressure control valve for pilot pressure RB ..... Pilot pressure supply (5 ... adjustable valve brake GWV.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Hydraulic Principle of Actuator V0........ High pressure pump for valvetrain system DRV .. 9 FV/SLE1 .......... High pressure supply (50 ......

5 3.ppt 103 617 350 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.0 6.2004 | FPNI 2004.5 10.7 mm 11.5 8.5 1.5 m/s 5.: 100 bar 82 °C 8.0 0.2 m/s vbrake: 0.0 Variation of brake 10.0 -0.05 .5 0.5 6.0 2.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Measured Valve Lift Curves for Actuator V0. 10 FV/SLE1 ..5 4.0 7.0 Measured velocities: v_maxopening: 3.5 7.0 m/s v_maxclosing: 3.0 1.5 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 ms 02.0 Pressure: Oil temp.5 5.03.0 3.5 (inlet valve) 2. 0.0 9. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.5 9.0 4.

55 m/s (inlet valve) 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 ms 02.7 mm 12 Cycle/cycle jitter 11 10 Pressure: 200 bar Oil temp.: 86 °C Number of cycles: 50 Measured velocities: v_maxopening: 4.ppt 103 618 350 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Measured Valve Lift Curves for Actuator V0. 11 FV/SLE1 .03.5 m/s v_maxclosing: 5.2004 | FPNI 2004.2 m/s vbrake: 0.

We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.ppt © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. Next steps? 02. 12 FV/SLE1 .03. How does the EHVS work? 3.2004 | FPNI 2004. Bad Ischl Agenda 1. Why a hydraulic solution? 2.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS FPNI Forum 2004. What components are used? 4. What results can be measured at the test bench? 5.

actuator cylinder head with hydraulic adapter modul. oil filter (inflow of engine‘s oil circle) high pressure oil pressure of engine reflow leakage 13 FV/SLE1 .03. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.2004 | FPNI 2004. thermodynamic modul Signals for : rpm pedal position temperatures crankshaft position viskosity sensor high pressure pump 02.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Description of the System (4V Combustion Engine) pressure and temperature sensor pressure relief valve EHVS.ppt 103 600 341 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.

03.5 (Diesel Engine) V0. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.ppt V0.2004 | FPNI 2004. 14 FV/SLE1 .7 (Gasoline Engine) 103 627 641 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. different types V0.4 (Gasoline Engine) 02.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS EHVS-Actuators.

hydraulic length compensation .2 m/s 15 FV/SLE1 .valve brake .Covers the complete diesel engine operating range . IV: 960 EV: 4.uses common engine valves Size (LxW xH) 98 x 38 x 83 mm 99 x 38 x 87 mm 86 x 36 x 83 mm Moved mass 76 g 103 g 75 g 10 (8) mm 10 (8) mm 12 (10) mm Opening force (200bar) EV: 835 N. EV: 5. IV: 840 N Closing force (200bar) EV: 475 N. IV: Engine 4. IV: 670 N EV: 1690 N. IV:)4.2 m/s.5 (Diesel EV: 765 N. IV: 400 N EV: 1360 N. different types V 0.4 (Gasoline Engine Max.Stand alone test of the cylinder head possible . IV: 4. IV: 3.5 m/s ) V0.Stand alone test of the cylinder head possible .Covers the complete gasoline engine operating range .7 (Gasoline EV: 4. IV: 5.ppt EV: 2.Stand alone test of the cylinder head possible .03. IV: 3.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS EHVS-Actuators.actuator can be assembled independently on engine .valve brake .0 m/s.4 m/s.actuator can be assembled independently on engine .variable valve brake (pilot pressure controled) . Opening speed (200bar) Max.5 V 0. IV: 480 N Max.8 m/s EV: 2.actuator can be assembled independently on engine .8 m/s V0.high forces during complete stroke .7 .2004 | FPNI 2004. Closing speed (200bar) 02.two-stage differential piston drive .Covers the complete gasoline engine operating range .4 m/s.4 Features V 0. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.0 m/s. IV: 450 N EV: 4.2 m/s EV: 450 N. (usable) stroke Engine ) N V0.8 m/s.8 m/s 103 628 441 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.

EHVS actuator .ppt 103 596 349 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. 16 FV/SLE1 .Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Header of section 4 Cylinder Head Cylinder head with: .03. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Adapter module 02.2004 | FPNI 2004.

Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Solenoid Valves MV2 currentless opened delay opening delay closing opening cross-section pressure compensation: flow compensation 320µs 380µs 3mm² inlet MV1 currentless closed delay opening delay closing opening cross-section pressure compensation: flow compensation 02. 17 FV/SLE1 .03.ppt 280µs 330µs 3.2004 | FPNI 2004. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.4mm² inlet/outlet 103 589 349 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.

18 FV/SLE1 . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.03. 6000 1/min 20-250 bar 103 595 349 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Hydraulic Pump Unit (next generation) HPV5 Axial piston pump Output Max. rpm Pressure range 02.2004 | FPNI 2004.ppt 5 pistons 5 cm³/rev.

ppt © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. Bad Ischl Agenda 1.03. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. Next steps? 02. How does the EHVS work? 3. 19 FV/SLE1 .Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS FPNI Forum 2004.2004 | FPNI 2004. What results can be measured at the test bench? 5. Why a hydraulic solution? 2. What components are used? 4.

max ε MPFI = 120 kW = 200Nm = 11 Euro-Super ROZ 95 3-way-catalyst EU IV.ppt 103 601 348 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.16 valves ε = 11 Peff Md. SULEV certificated 16 valves with EHVS Hydraulic pump integrated Hydraulic oil: engine oil 0W40 02..03. 20 FV/SLE1 . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Test Engine Test engine: Combustion engine 4 cyl.2004 | FPNI 2004.

ppt © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.4 Pump HPV7 21 FV/SLE1 . Actuator V0. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.03.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Fuel Consumption (Dyno Results) Messungen in Kooperation mit Fuel Economy Improvement [%] 8 180 km/h BMEP [bar] 7 6 55 5 10 10 160 km/h NEDC 4 15 3 2 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 15 1 0 1000 20 30 2000 Customer Relevant Reduction of Fuel Consumption Î 3 to 17 % Idle 0.31 kg/h Î 25 EHVS 16-Valve EHVS cylinder deactivation 15 3 to 35 % NEDC average 17% 35 3000 4000 5000 Engine Speed [rpm] 6000 Measurments with: 02.2004 | FPNI 2004.

4.2004 | FPNI 2004.ppt 4 6 Measurments with: © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. BMEP [bar] Actuator V0. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. Load: 260 Î Base Engine: 10.12% z z 380 Î 4 Cyl. BSFC Status 09/03: 420 Fuel Reduction Î Low Load: . cut off 460 BSFC [g/kWh] EHVS λ = 1.12% to .03.3 bar Î EHVS Engine: 11.10 bar: 241 g/kWh 340 z 300 Increase of max.8% 2000 rpm / 7 .Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Dyno results at 2000rpm Messungen in Kooperation mit 2000 rpm EHVS V0. Full Engine at 500 Base Engine EHVS 16V EHVS Cyl.4 bar 220 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 8 10 12 BMEP [bar] 02. HPV7.4 Pump HPV7 22 FV/SLE1 .35% to . 2000 rpm / 2 bar: 332 g/kWh Cut off 2000 rpm / 2 bar: 305 g/kWh High Load: .

2004 | FPNI 2004. Bad Ischl Agenda 1.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS FPNI Forum 2004. Next steps? 02. 23 FV/SLE1 . What components are used? 4. How does the EHVS work? 3. What results can be measured at the test bench? 5.ppt © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.03. Why a hydraulic solution? 2. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.ppt © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.03.Electro-hydraulic Valvetrain System EHVS Hydraulic circuit Difference EKS / ZKS Present system Î EKS .2004 | FPNI 2004. Feed pump 24 FV/SLE1 .one circuit system engine oil / EHVS hydraulic z z open hydraulic system common with engine oil High pressure pump = psurrounding Engine oil pump Next system Î ZKS .two circuit system z closed EHVS hydraulic system separate fluid z in small portions mixable fluids z High pressure pump plow Engine oil pump 02.