Eng 089

Quotation Marks
Commas

Quiz #3
• Take
• Review

Quotation Marks
Punctuation & Quotation marks
• Place periods inside
According to the online article written
by Smith, “Textbooks are boring.”
In the online article, the author
declares that “Textbooks are boring”
(Smith).

Quotation Marks
Punctuation & Quotation marks
• Place commas inside
According to the online article written
by Smith, “Textbooks are boring,” and
textbooks should be burned.

Quotation Marks
Punctuation & Quotation marks
• Put question marks and exclamation
points inside quotation marks unless
they apply to the whole sentence
Bedtime at my house is marked by
“Mommy, can I tell you a story now?”
(Stanko 7).
Have you heard the old proverb “Do
not climb the hill until you reach it”?
(Stanko 7).

Quotation Marks
Punctuation & Quotation marks
• Put colons and semicolons outside
Harold wrote, “I regret that I am unable to
attend the fundraiser for AIDS research”;
his letter, however, came with a
substantial contribution (Stanko 7).
• Do not use quotation marks to draw
attention to familiar slang, to disown trite
expressions, or to justify an attempt at
humor
It was a “ballpark figure.”
http://youtu.be/E-PIidaqCyU

Practice
WebMD lists “sleep-driving” as a side effect of
prescription sleep aids.
The worker says to himself, “If I didn’t know better I
think I have been pink washed”.
November has arrived and we are officially in the
“Holidays”, that exciting time of the year when we
get to spend time with family, friends and loved
ones.
Someone once said that a “small group of determined
individuals can change the world”.

Commas
When do you use a comma?

Commas
6 basic rules
1. Separate items in lists of 3+
2. Before a coordinating conjunction
3. Around information that is not essential to the
meaning of the sentence (this covers 9 rules)
4. Between consecutive adjectives
5. Omissions
6. Conventions

Commas
1. Separate items in lists of 3+
Please buy eggs milk bread and cereal at the store.
*MLA uses the Oxford comma (APA & AP do not)
I like playing tennis rollerblading and trying to beat
my dad at putt-putt.

Commas
2. Before a coordinating conjunction
My sister’s name is Lily and my brother’s name is
Lucus.
I rushed home and I finished my homework before
soccer practice.
I am very good in Spanish, and in French.

Commas
3. Around information that is not essential to the
meaning of the sentence (this covers 9 rules)
• After conjunctive adverbs
• After introductory phrases & clauses
• Before and/or after an interjection
• Before and/or after Latin abbreviations (e.g.)
• Before and after parenthetical expressions
• When adjectives come after a noun
• With titles when they come after person’s name
• Before and after appositives
• Around a direct address

Commas
3. Around information that is not essential to the
meaning of the sentence (this covers 8 rules)
I didn’t study very much; nevertheless I made a
good grade.
Since my mother forgot to pack me a dessert I ate
your cookie.
Laney ran with her arms flailing and her legs out to
the side and got home before her mother.
My English teacher kind of heart and generous of
spirit will surely give me an A if I learn all these
comma rules.

Commas
3. Around information that is not essential to the
meaning of the sentence (this covers 8 rules)
I’ve told you twice boys and girls to do your
homework.
Wow what a beautiful dress.
I love sports e.g. baseball basketball and football.
They usually cost if you get a good deal about
$200.

Commas
3. Around information that is not essential to the
meaning of the sentence (this covers 8 rules)
Arith Metic Ph.D. is my math teacher.
Katie Stevens the best ballerina in the performance
shone as the star of the evening.

Commas
4. Between consecutive adjectives
It was a dark cold dreary night.
*the and test
I bought some expensive and stylish and white
tennis shoes.
I bought some expensive, stylish white shoes.
*use a comma when you could switch the order of
the adjectives and the sentence still sound okay
I wore tennis blue shoes.
I wore blue tennis shoes.
*Do NOT put a comma before the noun.
I ate a beautiful, ripe, delicious, firm, apple.

Commas
5. Omissions
I ordered chicken; Amanda fish.

Tonight I will study math; tomorrow Spanish.

Commas
When do you use a comma?

Commas
6. Conventions
• Between cities and states
• In numbers over 999 (not in addresses)
• Direct quotations (he/she said)
• Dates
• After greetings and before closings in friendly
letters

The Good Doctor...
More and more Americans today attempt to find a
good night’s sleep in a pill bottle. In fact the
CDC reports that nine million Americans rely on
prescriptions similar to Ambien or Lunesta to find
a good night’s sleep. WebMD lists sleep-driving
as a side-effect of prescription sleep aids. The
warning appearing on the Benadryl bottle
indicates that users should not operate heavy
machinery; however people drive around town
asleep while influenced by these drugs! If sleepdriving was not scary enough the British Medical
Journal published a study showing individuals
who utilize prescription sleep aids tend to have
a higher death rate; in fact four times higher
than people who do not!

For Monday…
• Graded Writing Assignment due Monday 10/24.
Staple materials in this order: Rubric, Final copy,
prewrite, plan, rough draft
• Complete the following exercises:
o
o
o
o
o

Pg. 527 practice 4
Pg. 529 practice 7
Pg. 531 practice 10
Pg. 533 practice 13
Pg. 535 review practice 1

• Introductions and thesis statements – Read pages
338-341