ELE 107-Week 6: System Software

Technology
in Action

Technology in Action

Alan Evans  • Kendall Martin
Mary Anne Poatsy

Chapter 5
System Software:
The Operating System, Utility Programs,
and File Management

Tenth Edition

Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

Understanding System Software
Operating System Fundamentals

Chapter Topics
• Operating System Fundamentals

• Two basic types of software
– Application software is used to do everyday
tasks at home and work.

• What the Operating System Does
• The Boot Process: Starting Your
Computer

– System software is the set of programs that
helps run the computer

• The Windows Interface

• Operating system is a group of programs that
controls how a computer system functions.

• Organizing Your Computer: File
Management
• Utility Programs

Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

• Utility programs are small programs that perform
many general housekeeping tasks.
2

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3

Understanding System Software

Understanding System Software

Operating System Fundamentals (cont.)

Operating System Fundamentals (cont.)

• Categorized by type of
device in which they
are installed

• Operating System Fundamentals (cont.)
– Modern operating systems allow multitasking
– Windows and OS X provide networking
capabilities
– Operating systems can be categorized by
type

– Mainframes
– Network computers




– Personal computers
– Mobile devices
– Robots
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4

Robots and specialized equipment
Mainframes and network computers
Mobile devices
Personal computers

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5

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ELE 107-Week 6: System Software Understanding System Software Real-Time Operating Systems Understanding System Software Operating Systems for Networks. – Multiuser. Publishing as Prentice Hall 6 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 8 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 9 Understanding System Software Understanding System Software Operating Systems for Mobile Devices Operating Systems for Mobile Devices (cont.) • Manage all user requests. ensuring they do not interfere with each other 7 • UNIX is a…. multitask operating system – Network operating system used primarily with mainframes • Examples include Windows Server. and Mainframes • Used for machinery that performs a repetitive series of specific tasks in an exact amount of time • Multiuser operating system enables more than one user to access the computer at one time • Require minimal user interaction • Networks require a multiuser operating system – Car engines – Medical devices – Common appliances – Robotic cameras Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. camera features. Inc. Inc. Inc. and Mainframes (cont.) Operating Systems for Networks.) • Smartphones do more than let user make and answer phone calls • Most modern smartphones have modest multitasking capabilities • Include productivity. Publishing as Prentice Hall 11 2 . and UNIX – A brand that belongs to The Open Group – Any vendor who meets requirements can use the UNIX name and can modify the code to run specifically on their hardware Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Servers. Servers. media player. Publishing as Prentice Hall 10 – Check e-mail while making phone call • Gaming systems and personal media players require system software developed for the device Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. and Web connectivity Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Understanding System Software Understanding System Software Operating Systems for Networks. Servers. Inc. Inc. and Mainframes (cont. Linux.

) Operating Systems for Personal Computers (cont. first commercially available OS to incorporate a GUI • Linux – Open source OS • Mountain Lion adds features: Messages. Inc. reminders. Inc. Inc.) • Platform: Combination of an OS and processor • More than one OS can run on one computer • Windows and Linux run on most hardware sold today – Boot Camp utility in OS X • Application software is OS dependent – Partition hard drive in Windows Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc.ELE 107-Week 6: System Software Understanding System Software Understanding System Software Operating Systems for Personal Computers Operating Systems for Personal Computers (cont.) Operating Systems for Personal Computers (cont. Inc.) • Mac OS: In 1984. Publishing as Prentice Hall 13 Understanding System Software Understanding System Software Operating Systems for Personal Computers (cont. Publishing as Prentice Hall 14 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.) • Top three operating systems • Windows – Windows – Multitasking capabilities – Max OS X – Networking capabilities – Linux – Windows 8 includes ability to use touch commands on touch-screen monitors Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. and a notification center – Personal computer and network OS • Mac OS X based on UNIX – Can be modified or updated quickly – Reputation as a stable OS – Available for download as distros Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. notes. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16 – Parallels or VMware Fusion for Windows Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 15 Understanding System Software Understanding System Software Operating Systems for Personal Computers (cont. Publishing as Prentice Hall 17 3 . Publishing as Prentice Hall 12 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.

on any machine. and printer and drive signals. operating system. Publishing as Prentice Hall Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. and web browser – Enables users to access applications and content via the web anywhere. users choose – Command-driven interface – Menu-driven interface – Graphical user interface (GUI) • GNOME • KDE 20 What the Operating System Does Processor Management Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.) • Enables user to interact with the computer • Types of interfaces Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall What the Operating System Does The User Interface (cont.) OS: Coordinates and directs the flow of data and information through the computer system • Cloud based OS – Prototypes are being developed – Still need a computer. Inc.ELE 107-Week 6: System Software Understanding System Software Operating Systems for Personal Computers (cont. and at any time – Google is taking steps toward developing a complete web-based operating system Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall What the Operating System Does • Event: Created by keystrokes. Inc. requires OS to respond – Sequentially or concurrently – OS switches back and forth 22 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 21 What the Operating System Does Processor Management (cont. Publishing as Prentice Hall 23 4 . Publishing as Prentice Hall 18 What the Operating System Does The User Interface 19 • Graphical user interface (GUI) – Used in Windows and Mac OS – Linux: No single default GUI interface. Inc.) • CPU usually is asked to perform several tasks at once • OS arranges for execution of all activities • Assigns a slice of time to each activity • Switches among processes millions of times a second • Appears that everything is happening seamlessly Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. mouse clicks. Inc. Inc. Inc.

 Inc. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall • Plug and Play (PnP) – Hardware and software standard – Facilitates the installation of new hardware 28 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 24 What the Operating System Does Memory and Storage Management • OS uses RAM as a temporary storage area for instructions and data • OS coordinates activities for peripheral devices – OS puts request in buffer – Requests wait in buffer for the spooler – a program that helps coordinate all print jobs Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. instructions and data are stored on the hard drive • OS is responsible for coordinating space allocation in RAM • Clears item from RAM when processor no longer needs them Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.) What the Operating System Does Processor Management (cont. Publishing as Prentice Hall 29 5 . Inc. Inc.) 27 What the Operating System Does Hardware and Peripheral Device Management • Device drivers • Borrowing hard drive space is called virtual memory – Facilitate communication between device and the operating system – Translates device’s commands into commands the operating system can understand – Swap file – Paging – Thrashing • Increase RAM to avoid using virtual memory Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. it suspends current activity and creates memo in the stack • Interrupt handler: prioritizes the requests • Preemptive multitasking: the OS processes tasks assigned a higher priority before processing a task assigned a lower priority Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 26 What the Operating System Does Virtual Memory (cont. Inc.ELE 107-Week 6: System Software What the Operating System Does Processor Management (cont. Publishing as Prentice Hall 25 What the Operating System Does Virtual Memory • RAM has limited capacity • Processor accesses these instructions and data from RAM when it needs them • When RAM is full.) • Interrupt: unique signal generated by the printer • When OS receives interrupt.

 Publishing as Prentice Hall 32 The Boot Process: Starting the Computer 33 The Boot Process: Starting the Computer Step 3: Loading the OS Step 4: Checking Further Configurations and Customizations • System files – the main files of the OS • Checks registry for configuration of other system components • Loads OS into RAM – Registry – contains all the different configurations used by the OS and other applications – Kernel is loaded – Kernel: Essential component of the OS • Responsible for managing the processor and all components Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 30 The Boot Process: Starting the Computer Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall • Authentication: Verification of login name and password 34 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.ELE 107-Week 6: System Software What the Operating System Does Software Application Coordination The Boot Process: Starting the Computer • The boot process loads the operating system into RAM • For programs to work. Publishing as Prentice Hall 31 The Boot Process: Starting the Computer Step 2: Performing the Power-on Self-Test Step 1: Activating BIOS • CPU activates the basic input/output system (BIOS) • BIOS: Program that manages the exchange of data between the OS and all the input and output devices attached to the system • Power-on self test (POST): The first job BIOS performs. Publishing as Prentice Hall 35 6 . ensuring essential peripheral devices are attached and operational – CMOS: Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor – Responsible for loading OS into RAM – Stored on ROM Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. they must contain code the CPU recognizes • Application programming interface (API) – Blocks of code for similar procedures – Prevent redundancies in software code – Make it easier for software developers Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc.

 Publishing as Prentice Hall 38 The Windows Interface 39 The Windows Interface (cont.) • Windows 8 • Metro apps: Applications specifically designed to run on Metro interface of Windows 8 – Designed for laptops. Publishing as Prentice Hall 40 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. Inc. Inc.) • During the boot process. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 37 The Boot Process: Starting the Computer Handling Errors in the Boot Process (cont. Inc. Messaging. Publishing as Prentice Hall 36 The Boot Process: Starting the Computer Handling Errors in the Boot Process (cont. and Calendar – Download from Windows Store – Displayed full screen – Controls and settings are contained in app bars – contains controls and settings • Using a mouse • Touching the screen • Using keystrokes – Start screen: the place where you begin all computing activities Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. BIOS can skip a device or improperly identify it – Attempts to diagnose and fix errors • Device won’t respond – Back up PC prior to refreshing – Rebooting – Check for patches – Technical assistance Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 41 7 . and tablet PCs – Three ways to accomplish tasks – Preinstalled: Photos. desktops. Publishing as Prentice Hall Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. most of which can be accessed from a personal home page Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.ELE 107-Week 6: System Software The Boot Process: Starting the Computer The Boot Process: Starting the Computer Handling Errors in the Boot Process Step 4: Checking Further Configurations and Customizations • Windows 8 • Uninstall recently installed software • Default setting: Windows Live account free desktop and Web-based applications from Microsoft.) • Refresh your PC: New utility program in Windows 8 – Use uninstall program or Control Panel • Last Known Good Configuration • Try refreshing your computer – New in Windows 8 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.

 Publishing as Prentice Hall 45 The Windows Interface (cont. Publishing as Prentice Hall 46 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 47 8 .) The Windows Interface (cont. Publishing as Prentice Hall 43 The Windows Interface (cont. Inc.) • Ways to return to Start screen in Windows 8 • Start screen based on Windows smartphones – Press the Windows key – Customizable – Display the Charms bar and click (or touch) Start • Charms: Special shortcuts in Windows 8 – Move your cursor to the lower left corner of screen to display Start screen icon – Located on Charms bar • Pinning: Adding Metro apps to Start screen – Right-click icon to remove Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.) Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 42 The Windows Interface (cont.) Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc.) • Right-clicking lower left corner of screen displays quick links menu • Switching between programs – Point cursor to upper left corner and drag from left • Jump List: Most recently or commonly used files or commands for an application – Drag thumbnail of previous program to middle of screen – Repeatedly swiping from left will scroll backward through all open programs Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. Inc. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 44 The Windows Interface (cont. Inc.) • For a list of open programs • Closing Metro App – Position cursor in upper left corner until thumbnail appears – Metro apps can snap into place on left or right side of screen – Move cursor down to display list of thumbnails: Switch list or press Alt + Tab – Windows suspends Metro apps that aren’t displayed – Press Alt + F4 to close Metro app from within the app Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.ELE 107-Week 6: System Software The Windows Interface (cont.

ELE 107-Week 6: System Software The Windows Interface (cont. Publishing as Prentice Hall 52 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.) Viewing and Sorting Files and Folders • Windows Explorer: Main tool for finding. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 50 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 49 Organizing Your Computer: File Management Organizing Your Files • Additional function of the operating system is to enable file management • Provides an organizational structure to the computer’s contents • Uses hierarchical directory structure – Folders – Libraries • A file is a collection of related pieces of information stored together • A folder is a collection of files • A library gathers files from different locations and displays them as if they were all saved in a single folder • Root directory organizes all other folders and files – Drives Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. and file – Large and Extra Large Icons view – Divided into two panes – Search app–best way to search in Windows 8 • Creating folders is key to organizing files Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 53 9 . Publishing as Prentice Hall 51 Organizing Your Computer: File Management Organizing Your Computer: File Management Organizing Your Files (cont. viewing. Inc. Inc.) • Mac OS X and Windows aren’t compatible but similar in functionality – Programs appear in resizable windows • Linux: Different distros feature different user interfaces – Most are based on familiar Windows and OS X paradigms – Use menus and icons – OS X uses a Dock instead of Start screen Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. folder. and managing the contents of computer • Views button offers different ways to view folders and files – Details view – Shows location and contents of every drive. Publishing as Prentice Hall 48 Organizing Your Computer: File Management Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.) The Windows Interface (cont.

or file type. an extension. Publishing as Prentice Hall 59 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.) – Similar to a last name. Publishing as Prentice Hall 54 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.) Naming Files (cont. Inc. or colon (:) for Mac 58 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.ELE 107-Week 6: System Software Organizing Your Computer: File Management Organizing Your Computer: File Management Viewing and Sorting Files and Folders Naming Files • File name is the name you assign to the file when you save it – First part is similar to your first name • In Windows. Publishing as Prentice Hall 56 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 57 Organizing Your Computer: File Management Organizing Your Computer: File Management Naming Files (cont. extension identifies the application needed to read the file – Mac and Linus don’t require file extensions Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 10 . Publishing as Prentice Hall 55 Organizing Your Computer: File Management Organizing Your Computer: File Management Naming Files (cont. follows the file name and a period or dot (. Inc. Inc. subfolders. Inc.) Naming Files (cont. folders. Inc.) • File Save Location – Determine location of a file by its file path – File path includes drive.) • Each OS has its own naming conventions • Up to 255 characters • All files must be uniquely identified Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. and the extension • Path separators include a backslash (\) for Windows. the file name.

 Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 62 Utility Programs The Programs and Features Utility Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall Utility Programs File Compression Utilities • Installing a new program usually runs a wizard automatically that walks you through installation • Make a large file more compact • Delete programs by • Windows has built-in file compression • Easier and faster to send files over Internet – Selecting the program’s own uninstall option – Take out redundancies – Windows uninstaller utility – Look for repeated patterns Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 61 Utility Programs Display Utilities Utility Programs (cont. Publishing as Prentice Hall 65 11 .ELE 107-Week 6: System Software Organizing Your Computer: File Management Working with Files • File-management actions Utility Programs • Small applications that perform special functions – Open – Copy • Some are incorporated into operating system – Move – Rename – Firewall and file-compression utilities – Delete • Recycle Bin (Windows) • Trash (Mac) Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.) • Stand-alone utility programs offer more features and require frequent updating • Personalization has features to change the appearance of your desktop – Antivirus and security programs – Background – Freeware – Screen savers – Window colors • Vast array of downloadable options are available on the web Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 63 64 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 60 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.

and favorites and copies it to another storage device • Backup • Rolls system settings back to a specific date before problems – System restore point – Made every week – Before installing software – Creates a copy of data on the hard drive to another storage device – Back up important files – Keep backup copy in safe location – Custom restore point Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. these files can hinder efficient performance Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 71 12 .) Utility Programs System Maintenance Utilities (cont.) • File History utility in Windows 8 creates a duplicate of libraries.ELE 107-Week 6: System Software Utility Programs System Maintenance Utilities Utility Programs System Maintenance Utilities (cont.) • Disk Defragmenter regroups related pieces of files on the hard disk • Error-checking checks for lost files and fragments and physical errors on hard drive • FAT – file allocation table • Use Task Manager to check on program that has stopped working or to exit nonresponsive programs Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.) • Disk Cleanup removes unnecessary files – Recycle Bin – Temporary Internet files – Offline Web pages • If not deleted. Publishing as Prentice Hall 67 Utility Programs System Maintenance Utilities (cont. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 68 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 69 Utility Programs Utility Programs System Restore and Backup Utilities System Restore and Backup Utilities (cont. Inc. desktop. Publishing as Prentice Hall 66 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. Inc. Inc. contacts. Publishing as Prentice Hall 70 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education.

 Inc. which is designed to work on Apple computers. Inc. • Gaming consoles use operating systems developed specifically for those particular devices. It has evolved into a powerful multiuser OS. Another popular OS is the Mac OS. They are designed for systems with a specific purpose and response time (such as robotic machinery). Publishing as Prentice Hall 73 74 System software is the set of software programs that helps run the computer and coordinates instructions between application software and hardware devices. allowing the OS to work more efficiently • Windows 8: Disk defragmentation is set by default to automatically defragment the hard drive on a regular basis. Apple's most recent release. is based on the UNIX OS. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter 5 Summary Questions 75 Chapter 5 Summary Questions 2.ELE 107-Week 6: System Software Utility Programs Utility Programs How Disk Defragmenter Utilities Work How Disk Defragmenter Utilities Work (cont. Inc. • Defragmenting tools: Files scattered over the disk are placed together and arranged sequentially • Macs don’t have defragmentation utility built into the system Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. • Tablets use operating systems (such as iOS Android and Windows 8) that allow interaction with 'touchscreen interfaces. It consists of the operating system (OS) and utility programs. What are the most common operating systems? • There are many different kinds of operating systems. Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. The OS controls how your computer system functions. What software is included in system software? • Ease of Access Center – Centralized location for assistive technology • • • Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Mac OS X. and netbooks have multitasking and networking capabilities. • • Smartphones have their own specific operating systems. Inc. such as system maintenance and file compression. • A multiuser operating system (network operating system) provides access to a computer system by more than one user at a time. Publishing as Prentice Hall 77 13 . The most recent release is Windows 8. • • Real-time operating systems (RTOSs) require no user intervention. Utility programs are programs that perform general housekeeping tasks for the computer. although UNIX is most often used on networks. Publishing as Prentice Hall 72 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. • There are various versions of UNIX on the market. Inc.) • Disk defragmenting: Groups together related pieces of files on the hard drive. Publishing as Prentice Hall Utility Programs Accessibility Utilities Chapter 5 Summary Questions 1. which allow the user to multitask. What are the different kinds of operating systems? 3. • • Current operating systems for desktops. Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc. Linux is an open source OS based on UNIX and designed primarily for use on personal computers. laptops. although it is often used on servers and supercomputers. Publishing as Prentice Hall 76 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Microsoft Windows is the most popular OS.

tools. Publishing as Prentice Hall 78 Chapter 5 Summary Questions 5. Creating folders is the key to organizing files because folders keep related documents together. Inc. Rather than having the same blocks of code appear in each application. the BIOS verifies that all attached devices are in place. Inc. If there isn't sufficient space in RAM for all the data and instructions. Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. GUis display graphics and use the point-and-click technology of the mouse and cursor (or touch-sensitive screens). storage. • As the OS coordinates the activities of the processor. they must contain code that the CPU recognizes. To provide for seamless multitasking. Common features of GUis include windows. Publishing as Prentice Hall 80 Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. memory. Non. (3) The OS is loaded into RAM. How does the operating system help you keep your computer organized? • • • • • In Windows 8. Publishing as Prentice Hall 82 81 • • • The OS allows you to organize the contents of your computer in a hierarchical structure of directories that includes files. • Most OSs today use a graphical user interface (GUI). • All software applications need to interact with the CPU. called • The OS manages storage by providing a file-management system that keeps track of the names and locations of files and programs. Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter 5 Summary Questions 79 Chapter 5 Summary Questions 6. Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. How does the operating system interact with application software? 7. it uses RAM as a temporary storage area for instructions and data the processor needs. (2) In the POST check. and vice versa. What are the main features of the Windows interface? 9. the OS includes the blocks of code to which software applications refer. How does the operating system help the computer start up? • • When you start your computer. Inc. For programs to work with the CPU.ELE 107-Week 6: System Software Chapter 5 Summary Questions 4. Unlike the command. Publishing as Prentice Hall 83 14 . Device drivers translate the specialized commands of devices to commands that the OS can understand. folder. and file on your computer. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter 5 Summary Questions Chapter 5 Summary Questions 8. and icons. The Windows 8 interface is designed for touchscreen devices. • The boot process consists of four basic steps: (1) The basic input/output system (BIOS) is activated when the user powers on the CPU. • Programs called device drivers facilitate communication between devices attached to the computer and the OS. and commonly used programs. The OS is therefore responsible for coordinating the space allocations in RAM to ensure that there is enough space for the waiting instructions and data. It provides you with access to your computer’s apps. libraries. Following naming conventions and using proper file extensions are also important aspects of file management. These blocks of code are called application programming interfaces (APIs). Device drivers for common devices are included in the OS software.and menu-driven interfaces used many years ago. the OS controls the timing of the events on which the processor works. File Explorer helps you manage your files and folders by showing the location and contents of every drive. Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. and drives. folders. then the OS allocates the least necessary files to temporary storage on the hard drive. and peripheral devices? • When the OS allows you to perform more than one task at a time.Windows 8 programs run on the desktop. making the OS more userfriendly. it runs through a special process called the boot process. the Start screen provides your first interaction with the OS and is the first image you see on your monitor once the system has booted up. How does the operating system help manage resources such as the processor. Inc. enabling the OS to communicate with every device in the computer system. Windows 8 apps run full screen and feature commands hidden in app bars. it is multitasking. menus. (4) Configuration and customization settings are checked. Inc. hardware. How does the operating system provide a means for users to interact with the computer? • The OS provides a user interface that enables users to interact with the computer. Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc.

 Inc. back up your files. or transmitted. check for lost files and errors. Publishing as Prentice Hall 84 15 . Publishing as Prentice Hall Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. without the prior written permission of the publisher. restore your system to an earlier setting. add or remove programs. All rights reserved. clean unnecessary files off your system.ELE 107-Week 6: System Software Chapter 5 Summary Questions 10. No part of this publication may be reproduced. or otherwise. photocopying. mechanical. others are sold as standalone off-the-shelf programs. in any form or by any means. Printed in the United States of America. stored in a retrieval system. compress files. and check on programs that have stopped running. Common Windows utilities include those that enable you to adjust your display. electronic. What utility programs are included in system software and what do they do? • • Some utility programs are incorporated into the OS. recording. Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education. Inc.