Maltese Secrets

The Ultimate Guide
to Make Your Maltese
Happy, Healthy And


After all the frustration to find out the truth on how to make a
Maltese healthy, happy and obedient, I have created ‘Maltese
I spent over 2 months just communicating with over 97 Maltese
lovers (some are owners) to get their input and learn from their
Then, I searched the internet, burning the midnight oil to read
articles and forum posts to find out more. And, of course, I did
not forget about the tips I’ve gathered from books I’ve bought
from the local bookstores.
Phew! It was a lot of work. But if you were to ask me whether it
was worth the effort, I’ll say YES because I finally got my
answers. It’s no longer a secret to me how to make a Maltese
happy, healthy and obedient the way you want it.
This is unlike ANY dog book you see on the shelf because it’s a
researched book from people who personally own Maltese dogs.
This is information gathered that you can use and apply to your
With that said, it’s time for to start reading ‘Maltese Secrets’ and
see improvement in your dog!


The Ebook is intended for information only. The publisher and author do not
imply any results to those using this Ebook, nor are they responsible for any
results brought about by the usage of the information contained herein.
The publisher and author disclaim any personal liability, loss, or risk incurred
as a result of the use of any information or advice contained herein, either
directly or indirectly.
Furthermore, the publisher and author do not guarantee that the holder of this
information will generate the same results as each Maltese dog is considered an
individual that have many variables.

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International and Federal Copyright Laws and Treaties.
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whatsoever, without the express written consent of the publisher or author.


..................... What Is A Maltese? ....................................................................................... 27 9. Resources........ Maltese as Pets ....... 18 6..... Conclusion...13 4............ Feeding Your Maltese..............................................38 12.............................. 34 11.. 10 3..........19 7......................................... Choosing your Maltese.......... How to Keep Your Maltese Healthy....... Maltese and the Family....................6 2......... 32 10... Reprimanding the Maltese................................................ So are you ready for a Maltese? ................................. 38 5 ..................... Potty-Training Your Maltese Puppy................. Maltese and Discipline......16 5............. 26 8... Grooming the Maltese...Table of Contents 1.......... 29 9................................................

or even Egypt or southern Europe. like what you might find in today’s breed standards. As dog shows increased and with the establishment of the Kennel Club (KC). Maltese are known to be pets of the rich. There is evidence that the Maltese appeared in England during Henry VIII’s reign (1491-1547). We have no photographs or even any technical descriptions. first and foremost. No matter where the Maltese actually originated. the Maltese was firmly established as a pet dog in Britain. wealthy. By the middle of the nineteenth century.What Is A Maltese? Maltese have an interesting past. Some historians claim that the Maltese was always. Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603) and Mary Queen of Scots (1542-1587) were owners of Maltese lap dogs. The Maltese was among the first breeds to be entered into and exhibited at dog shows in the UK. the fact remains that he has found his way into the lap of luxury. Others claim that the full-time job of the ancient Maltese was to chase rats and mice. the popularity of the Maltese rose as well. a companion and lap dog. No one is really certain. Some historians place the origin of the breed in Malta. Some say Sicily. and powerful. 6 . How the Maltese spent their days is just as mysterious as how they originated.

Rather. and the height from the shoulders to the ground should equal the length from the shoulders to the root of the tail. the animal shelters in America rescue up to 12 million homeless dogs and cats every year and 25% of these are purebreds. These days. make him happy. so that he will better understand you and listen to you. This little book is meant as a quick guide for Maltese owners like you to better understand your wisely chosen pet. By the way. love you and 7 . Obviously. sweet. this is a very compact dog. the AKC registered over 150 different breeds totaling nearly one million dogs in 2003. with 6 pounds (3 kg) being the average and often preferred weight. most owners of Maltese are neither celebrities. smart pet.The Maltese began his entrance in to dog shows in the United States around the same time as his appearance in British dog shows. The males stand between 8 to 10 inches (20-25 cm).” given to her by Frank Sinatra. To put that in perspective. Size The average weight of a Maltese ranges between 4 and 9 pounds (2 and 4 kg). they simply want to own a pretty. and Bryant Gumbel. Marilyn Monroe had “Maf Honey. keep him healthy. However. how to take care and love it. Elvis had Foxhugh. More contemporary Maltese-owners include Heather Locklear. the prestigious beginnings of the Maltese cannot be overlooked or forgotten. The females are slightly smaller – ranging from 8 to 9 inches (20-23 cm). The Maltese has always been preferred by the rich and famous: Elizabeth Taylor owned Sugar. nor are they interested in owning a show dog. Halle Berry.

make YOU a better person during your incredible life journey together! Devoted and glad owners of Maltese have come up with a long list of attributes and traits of their favorite pet that include: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Alert Boisterous Boundless energy Brave Courageous Devoted Dignified Empathetic Family dog Friendly Intelligent Independent Keen judge of character Loving Loyal People dog Playful Protective Quick learner Self-assured Smart Soulful Spirited Territorial Trainable Wonderful pet And you can add to the list… 8 .

Maltese as Pets Pet Maltese. The Maltese was bred as a companion dog and is very dependent upon your company. (For a Maltese. Maltese can develop separation anxiety if they are left alone for several hours every day. They are good apartment dogs. In exchange he will give you hours of love and cuddling and a lifetime of unconditional love. but have high grooming needs and are generally not a good mix with very small children or large dogs due to their small size. They like the outdoors and require walks during the day. exercise. do require your regular attention. an extended period of time might be five minutes or less!) The Maltese requires human companionship and lots of it. human interaction. These are primarily indoor dogs and should not be left alone outside for extended periods of time. although low-maintenance. even when it might be inconvenient for you. This can lead to nonstop barking. These dogs are very well known for bonding to their owner and will want to be in your presence at all times. but left alone outside a Maltese can get into 9 . consistent obedience training and lots of love. potty training accidents. and great for traveling. How to keep Maltese out of trouble We have already discussed the need for a Maltese to be indoors as much as possible. and even destruction.

They may feel overwhelmed by a Rottweiler but get along fine with another toy breed. What some proud owners say about their pet Maltese: * “Having a Maltese is like having another human in a dog body with you.trouble. Just be sure to supervise well at first to make sure this is an even. play with them. they can be get along well with small birds and cats. as the Maltese may be mistaken for a prey (much like a rodent). The same goes for leaving the Maltese indoors by himself for too long. Maltese do want to rest after a sufficient play time. Although Maltese don’t need to be left alone with much larger dogs. There are different opinions as to how The Maltese get along with other dogs. ***Keeping Maltese busy is the best way to keep them out of trouble! Tire them out with long walks. On the whole. 10 . this problem should go away. Give them plenty of exercise. and understands how to approach the cat. You can talk to Maltese and they would understand. the Maltese is compatible with other pets. but always be careful when introducing a new dog. as your Maltese is a fragile and gentle little being. As the Maltese grows and matures. 3 times a day. Your Maltese may just cuddle up and take a nap soon after an exasperating round of fetch. friendly match. Your Maltese puppy should not be left alone with a large cat. Unlike some other dogs.

but it also renders supreme joy. They can be your friends for life!” * “My Maltese can take up my moods or lay quietly by my feet for hours. Maltese are the most loyal companions. They are the only dogs for me.” * “They are a gift! The two I have are always smiling and they cheer me up when I’m not too happy. tears. When I am happy.” * “Maltese can be very manipulative.” * “Maltese are so intuitive.They demonstrate feelings just like human does. he is more responsive and better behaved. and sadly. When I am sad. They are a lot smarter than they look! Don’t get taken in by their innocent-looking face or let them walk all over you no matter how much their eyes make them look like they are truly sorry. but inevitably. they will love and protect you. They are the definition of devotion and courage. she celebrates with me. so easily bored and heartbroken. Not one of us who has ever shared his life with a Maltese would have it any other way. laughter. If they are loved.” 11 .” * “If I treat my Maltese puppy as an intelligent animal and talk to him almost like he's human. It brings with it responsibility and commitment. as though he's picking up on my sentiments by the way I am speaking to him.” * “My Maltese bring me up when I am down. she comforts me.” * “Bringing a puppy or even an older dog into your home and your life is a major decision.

and requires the knowledge of genetics. time-consuming. training. Still.” So are you ready for a Maltese? The answer is “no” if you are the type who mostly leave your dog on a chain.000 times. attention and companionship although they are easy to take care of. Good breeders do not breed dogs to make a profit. toys and other supplies do add up. Treat them like one love them. talk to them. And there are many things that can go wrong. for many years now. Maltese Crave Attention 12 . Another thing to consider is that the costs for food. please do not purchase a Maltese with the intention of breeding – leave that to the experienced and knowledgeable breeders. medical care. they breed dogs for the love of the breed. Also. Maltese require much of your love. They are rather expensive because they are a lovely and elegant breed. Breeding is hard. One Maltese-lover even said to never get one as pet if you work full-time! One important point is that the Maltese is not a cheap breed.* “Maltese dogs think they are human. the Maltese has ranked in the top 10 of favorite purebreds by the American Kennel Club. cuddle them and value them and you will get your love back unconditionally 10. grooming.

• Place the crate near the rest of the family. The crate is also a great way to travel with your Maltese. quiet space to hang out when things get too rambunctious for him. you can use exercise pens and baby gates to section off the rooms that are off limits. Treat your Maltese as your best friend and play. He sees it as his den and this can be a very good thing. Shower them with love. For him.Maltese need constant attention and love to be babied. • At first. A Maltese doesn’t see a crate as a cage or a jail. stand. and only big enough to sit. put a dog treat in the crate and allow him to eat it inside. play. You want to keep it a “happy place. working up to 2-hour increments. You can even feed your Maltese in his crate.” If you want your Maltese to have a little more freedom. where your Maltese can see and be near everyone. You have your space. Don’t think of a crate as a “doggy jail”. affection and attention as well as some treats. Close the door briefly. Maltese simply love the attention. play with him. 13 . Here are some tips to help your Maltese think of his crate in a positive way: • Make sure the crate is sturdy. • Try not to put him in his crate for punishment. and lie down in. Gradually increase the amount of time the door is closed. it’s a nice. he has his. and turn around.

You can also get a spray bottle and fill it with bitter apply spray or something similar from a pet store. wellsized crate ready as well as a couple of toys. cover all electrical outlets and fill all spaces that are dangerous for him to worm his way into. should he ever run off. Using both ID tags and a microchip can help your chances of getting your little guy back. If you let him have too much freedom in the house. Toys! Remember that Maltese are still considered “terriers” by some and they love their toys! Anything small and squeaky that reminds him of a rat is a good bet! The Homecoming Before you bring your Maltese home.You should leave your Maltese in an enclosed area whenever you aren’t there to provide supervision. This can be used to spray on objects you don’t want your Maltese chewing on. have a comfortable. you are setting yourself up for housebreaking accidents. Also. 14 . Your Maltese will be more comfortable if he sleeps near his “pack”. remember a Maltese can dart out an open door in an instant so be sure to keep identification on him at all times. Plan to spend a couple of days bonding and allowing your Maltese to explore his new surroundings. The Maltese is a breed that adapts well to crate training. so setting up a crate in your bedroom for him to sleep in can be very rewarding for both of you. When you bring your Maltese home.

the safest way for your Maltese to travel in the car is in a crate in the back seat. seat-belted in. Although it is temping to hold him in your lap. 15 .For traveling. The crate is not only safer but so much more comfortable for him in traveling. the airbag could easily kill the little guy should you be involved in an accident.

This is easier to do when you get your Maltese from a reputable breeder or from a pet shop that get their animals only from known breeders. temperament.Choosing your Maltese An easier and more pleasant journey with your chosen Maltese starts with checking out the parent dogs for unbecoming traits like aggression. good health. hyperactive and extreme shyness. Exercise prudence if you are getting your Maltese puppy from pet stores. These “puppy mills” as they are called are not known to put much emphasis on the quality and health of pups they are producing. Even if you are not looking to raise a show champion Maltese. Professional breeders are also there to produce dog show champions or prospects. which often get their supply from breeders of unknown reputation. Reputable breeders would be able to show the pedigree and registration papers and/or pictures of the parent dogs that may reside somewhere else. Reputable breeders would adhere to the accepted standards for Maltese in terms of uniformity in the breed. known breeders can provide you with some “best buy” puppies because not all the puppies in a litter are show prospect/ champion materials. 16 . size and color.

as the first visit may be during his sleepy time and he may be lethargic. and you will be saving a life. and about 25% of them are purebred. Adult Maltese should have a shiny coat. the Maltese are rarely seen in shelter populations. and a friendly demeanor. It’s also a good idea to visit the Maltese more than once. Your other source option is animal shelters that in the US alone receive up to 12 million homeless dogs and cats every year. So you can choose from among the good-looking brothers or sisters of potential champion for a bargain. This is probably because dedicated breeders who know and understand the breed standard are carefully and ethically breeding and placing their dogs. Make sure when he walks and runs there is no limp or skip in his gait. nutrition and medical care. If he is a puppy. take him away from his mom and siblings to see how well he bonds with you. 17 . Interestingly. Be sure to choose Maltese that appear healthy. Paying the adoption fee is a lot cheaper than the price you will pay to a breeder or pet store. The next time he may be wide awake and enjoying playtime.But the full litter would have had benefited from the same proven bloodlines. however. lively eyes.

which is a most notable trait of this breed. Maltese dogs are like humans and they need lots of love to feel like a part of the family. It can adapt to most any environment as long as it is with people. Maltese are intelligent and are quite capable of participating in many family adventures.Maltese and the Family Maltese are very family-oriented and always love to be around people. Maltese and Kids Most Maltese are very small. The Maltese is happiest when it is with people. Accept them for what they are and give them time to show how loyal they could be. between 4-9 lbs. They love being with their "families" and don't like to be alone. With that in mind. They love to be your shadow. this breed may not be the best fit for families with very young children who do not 18 . Include them in your gatherings when company is around. could reach up and bite a child who is squeezing him. it is possible that any tiny dog. They are very sensitive animals so never hit them. even a Maltese. Be aware though. Never underestimate their need for human companionship. and can be a good pet for children. Treat them as family members.

You may find the Maltese will be more protective towards that child. Introduce the Maltese to the children early. Dog’s behavior constantly changes. A Maltese can fit perfectly into a family with children. Do it with love. as this will bond Maltese and child and stop jealousy. Also. Maltese and Discipline Most would agree that the day you bring the Maltese puppy home. Training your Maltese is the most important thing you will do for him and for yourself in order to have a much better relationship together. So make the discipline constant. gentleness but firmness as well. so long as the parents supervise the interactions between toddlers and the dog.understand the difference between “hugging” and “hurting” the dog. 19 . new problems can always develop and existing ones could get worse. you must already pick the direction in which you want to go with him. Disciplining one is a matter of thinking and working a step ahead of your Maltese. a Maltese that is well behaved today may not remain so forever. Never allow a small child to pick up the Maltese as she may drop him.

Then it is time for you to lead him. At first you can let him lead you on the leash until he gets comfortable being on it. Gradually introduce your Maltese to a collar and be sure it is not too tight or too loose (you should be able to put one finger inside the collar). Teach them young when the Maltese don’t know any better rather than stressing them out when they are older and more difficult to control.a pleasure to live with. Never substitute a cat collar on a Maltese. but long enough to train your dog. A poorly trained dog can be an annoying and destructive nuisance around the house that weighs on you more like a commitment and responsibility rather than a blessing. A disciplined and well-trained Maltese is more confident and makes a wonderful companion that is smart. Don’t start out with a retractable leash. where there is minimum distraction.A trained Maltese will listen and can safely be allowed freedom more than an untrained one. 20 . most people-oriented dog and blessed with boundless energy . You could lose him because these collars have a breakaway feature that allows the pet to snap away from you. Most dog trainers recommend a 6-foot-long leash for training since it is short enough to control. Start the training some place that is familiar to your Maltese. soulful. Follow the same rules for fit as for a collar. A harness is also the answer to the Maltese slipping out of the collar.

21 . Love them. It will pay off later! Utilize their high play drive for more effective obedience training. Keep in mind Maltese are intelligent. They are quick to learn. busy parking lot and a busy park on Sundays. This may seems like starting all over again but you’ll have a superbly trained dog at the end of it. Being an intelligent dog has its own advantages and drawbacks. As owners. where there are increasing amount of distractions present. So it's worth the effort. Treat him often and give lots of verbal praise and petting. There is no need for extreme measures to show Maltese that you are the top dog. Thus. It also means Maltese have a mind of their own that would sometimes show up as stubbornness. Set the rules for behavior. handle it well. start taking him to different areas for practice. you must maintain respect between you and your Maltese.Show him a treat and have him take a few steps with you. Examples are near a supermarket. later changing direction to teach him to watch and follow you at all times. Treat him and increase the number of steps. Handle their hard-headedness with patient and don't give up on their training. they can be harder to train than most other dogs due to their independence. Trust them. and you can avoid problems in disciplining and training them. So after both of you are skilled at several obedience commands. Respect their intelligence. Understand Maltese’s intelligence/stubbornness. Respect goes both ways. Be consistent.

If the puppy is allowed to jump up and initiate play. this builds your role as the dominant or top dog when you are standing and training your puppy. so that training becomes his favorite activity. Basically Maltese are intelligent and could be stubborn.Conduct “play training” where by the training tasks are made into fun games and the Maltese’s high play drive is used as motivation. It can also be fun to teach your Maltese to obey simple commands of raising a paw in a handshake. You can't make him do stuff unless it is FUN. 22 . Otherwise they feel ignored. Maltese LOVE to play! You will have the happiest Maltese in the world and most obedient if you will just spend some time. Otherwise you are wasting both your time and his. giving them your undivided attention everyday. then this can lead to unwanted jumping up as the Maltese gets older. If play is encouraged at ground level. bored and may tear or chew things up and will not listen to you. giving a hand lick for a kiss or doing a roll over to show his submission to you. There are a lot of really good books available on this type of training. you have to make him WANT to do what you want him to. Some tried and proven tactics you can use to make your Maltese listen to you more. Your Maltese's favorite activities should become training. * When playing with your Maltese puppy. play at his level. So you have to outwit them! While training your Maltese.

Most Maltese love performing these simple tricks (obedience commands) for you. * Start the training at quiet places familiar to your Maltese with very few things and people around to distract him. * Very active young Maltese have short attention spans. 23 . Be kind but be firm while training and never give in to what they want. This makes them feel safe and secure. * The Maltese must always eat after you do. This is the easiest way to show to your Maltese who is the boss. boring and tedious for both you and the Maltese. Gradually move the training to places with more and more distractions so he will learn to obey your commands despite the distractions. It seems cruel but in the long run you will have a much better relationship with you Maltese. It is best to have many short 5 to 10-minute lessons than a single. make sure your Maltese know you are the master. Lengthy session easily becomes dull. There is no need for extreme measures to prove you are the boss. Keep the training session short and sweet. long 30-minute lesson. Obedience training should be fun and rewarding for you and your Maltese. But this is easier said than done when there are many people in the family and not all would respect the rule. * Speak to your Maltese strongly but not in an angry voice. * From the very beginning.

he has an attention span of seconds! Maltese and Obedience Class Discipline is one of the most important aspects of owning a Maltese.down” and he should sit then lay down on your lap. Their innate intelligence makes many Maltese great successes in the obedience ring.” “down. * Finally. Wait until your Maltese is at least 6 months old before putting him through any serious work. 24 . It can be fun and worthwhile to take a class with your Maltese. For example. Choose a trainer who is purposeful and patient. Have a big play by running and throwing his favorite toys. say “sit . Trainers with extensive experience and knowledge can deal with just about any behavior problems your pup might come up with. put up a door/ gate that he can’t see through or hop over. Puppy school is for the Maltese to help develop good habits right from the start.” “drop” and “stay” when teaching Maltese commands. when your Maltese gets on the lounge with you. If you give them a lot of playtime with yourself they’d listen to you more. no matter how well trained you think your Maltese is.* Celebrate after every training session for a good job done. * Use only one word like “sit. The well-trained Maltese is a sight to behold going through his paces in the class. * To keep a Maltese from charging the front door.

untrained dogs isn’t a safe place for your Maltese. 25 . As your wake up greeting in the morning he can do a “roll over”. you and your Maltese aren’t going to enjoy this kind of obedience class. Is the whole family able to participate? It helps your Maltese to perform better if everyone in the household gives him the same rules and the same commands. Most important. is it a place that is safe for your Maltese? A large class of big. and to “sit” and “stay” while you prepare his dinner. Tell him to “go find the ball” while you get dressed and “go get the leash” before you go for walks together. Of more importance is for you as owner to continue to practice the obedience lessons with your Maltese.Talk with the trainer about her philosophy. Ideally you want someone who has either owned small dogs or worked with lots of them. For example you can tell your pup to “heel” while he follows you around the house. she might be a good trainer for a Maltese. Ask the trainer what experience she has had training small dogs. Does she use food rewards? If so. If she is old-fashioned and uses the jerk-and-pull method. They will best remember the lessons when you incorporate them into your everyday routines with your dog. Observe the trainer’s class for yourself before enrolling.

Potty-Training Your Maltese Puppy Even though you may have successfully house-trained 5 other large dogs when they were young puppies. 26 . For the best and fastest way to potty train your Maltese. small dogs have more housetraining problems them large dogs. but because this breed doesn’t do well in temperature extremes and rain. In fact. That being said. Don’t Panic! It CAN be done with patience and consistency… and the rewards are HUGE! Some people use paper training or housetraining pads. the number one reason people give up their Maltese and turn them back over to their breeders or animal shelters is because of housetraining difficulties. and the Maltese is one of the few breeds for whom this might be a good solution. that’s not likely to happen with your Maltese (or most other toy breeds). not only because they can be difficult to housetrain. see the Fast Track System for step-by-step instructions. In general.

sharp and immediate. tell him “NO” when you catch him chewing the shoes.” “get off” and “bad dog!” Instead use more praises to reward good behavior in your Maltese and only then the reprimands will take on stronger meaning. hand-shy.Reprimanding the Maltese Talk to Maltese like you would to children when they do something wrong. fearful or aggressive. Then immediately give him his own toys to chew and cheer him on to chew on the toys.” “Stop that. You may just end up with a barking and chewing dog. For example. one that is leery. slapping or spanking your Maltese would create more problems and usually makes existing problems worse. After a few times they'll know how to do it right. and punish only with your voice. Praise him for doing so. 27 . Only reprimand when you catch your Maltese doing something wrong. Use sparingly those reprimanding words like “No. Hitting. kicking. A correct reprimand is short. Tell them “no” and show them immediately what the correct behavior should be and reward them for doing it right. Repetition and Rewarding Your Maltese Repetitions in doing the right things and rewarding your Maltese every single time are crucial in training.

constant yelping and barking and tearing the house apart get our immediate notice. Treats can come in the form of their favorite food. enjoying the wind in their faces. Praise and reward are the most important part of maintaining your Maltese’s good behavior and preventing him from getting into trouble. toy or something the Maltese really loves to do. leaving the carpet unsoiled. Be sure to praise when he does a good job. Maltese’s Games and Treats Foods. Other Maltese prefer to go for rides. What we easily forget to acknowledge are the good parts – when the Maltese is lying down quietly.The more often he is rewarded. Create situations where your Maltese can get plenty of practice at doing the right things. Whenever practicing any obedience training and upon finishing. one owner and his Maltese will have a big play time by running and throwing his favorite toys. treats or praise will bring out the best responses from your Maltese during training. Bad behaviors like biting. This is simple but not always easy to do. Some Maltese will take the commands in training with great joy knowing that they will get something to eat! 28 . chewing on his own toys. the better and quicker he will learn.

which 29 . As you brush. It is about health too. but also dental. and lots of it. remember that grooming isn’t just about looks. eye. Use smooth long strokes and don’t flip your wrist at the end or this might lead to damaged or broken hair. The longer you wait between brushings. not the top. Grooming is a large part of the life of a Maltese. using a pin brush. nail. It doesn’t just involve brushing. There is no need to be covered in white hair if you don’t have to be. the more difficult (and longer) each session will be. Grooming this dog is a highmaintenance job and requires dedication on the owner’s part. Even if you decide to keep your Maltese clipped with an easy style. continually mist the coat with a conditioning spray. he is going to spend a lot of unhappy hours. or in a sink. This will require your Maltese to be lifted up high. and if he sees this grooming time as torture. You will need to use a pin brush and coat conditioning spray. especially if she has a long coat. You must make the grooming experience a positive one… You should groom your Maltese on your lap. and this will be no fun for either of you.Grooming the Maltese The spectacular long and silky coat of the adult Maltese doesn’t come without effort. on a table. Also. and ear care. Many Maltese need to be brushed everyday. You can plan on spending at least half an hour a day on it. Make sure you brush the whole coat starting with the underside. regular grooming should still be an important part of your life with your dog. Don’t forget to wear a grooming smock or apron to protect your own clothes.

pin brush. and bows for the double top knot (single top knot for a puppy). Repeat this frequently so that she gets used to being picked up and associates it with being a good thing. As you are grooming your Maltese. you will have to wrap her up. Traditionally. or at least you can go in for a pet clip or trim. 30 .can be a high source of stress and fear for her. such as “Up Up” then slowly lift her up being sure to support her chest and rear. The best way to learn how to tie a topknot is to watch a groomer or someone with experience. shampoo. It is a good idea to consult a special groomer of show dogs to learn how to do this. towels. Better yet. if you and your Maltese aren’t up for you doing it – hire the groomer to do it. Give her a command. This is very cute and also helps keep her hair out of her eyes. conditioner.S. When you have picked her up. adult Maltese always wear two bows (or a double topknot) in the U. Also puppies wear only a single topknot since they don’t yet have enough hair to wear a double. Scary! You must teach your Maltese to like being picked up and give her plenty of warning before you do it. provide lots of small treats so she learns this is supposed to be a positive experience. Imagine a huge hand coming out of nowhere and lifting you up to the top of a five-story building in one sweep. at least six months old. a single bow (or single topknot) in Europe. This process usually begins when she is older. If you are going to show your dog. hair dryer. conditioning spray.. and scissors to trim feet and tidy up coat. Collect your supplies ahead of time: Nail clippers. nonskid mat for sink. verbally praise her and give her a treat.

When drying after a bath. Don’t forget the feet and private area. Rinse. Rinse. being sure to brush out his hair all over. cat clippers work well. Always thoroughly brush her before her bath. Maltese need to be bathed every seven to ten days. Maltese’ hair can easily get mats in it and they are harder to get out when they are wet. For most Maltese. depending on how often he goes outside. Since Maltese’s hair 31 . Rinse and repeat if necessary. bathed. Wash the face last with a tearless shampoo and a washcloth. if you aren’t going to show your Maltese. gently squeeze with the towel rather than rub to avoid creating mats. that means with every step his nails are pushing against his feet and it’s time for a trim (usually every two to three weeks). If you hear your Maltese’s nails clicking when he walks. Position your dog’s paw in your hand and snip off the very tip of the nail. Keep her coat combed.Remember. and trimmed to avoid the matting. Lather to the skin and bathe from back to front. ears. Mats also hurt when your Maltese stretches or walks. nose. Leaving shampoo in the coat will make it lose it’s shine and dazzle. this is your dog and you can have him trimmed any way that appeals to you. and genitals. depending on where the mat is located in the fur. Rinse. Be extremely careful when brushing around his eyes. Blow dry your Maltese after a bath. You should spend twice as long rinsing the dog as shampooing her.

feed him twice a day (morning and evening). 32 . Hypoglycemia is also common in Maltese. he must be fed four times a day. Never feed Maltese once a day as they have small digestive systems and they are likely to better digest and absorb their food if they have two small meals instead of one large one. After age six months. It’s also okay to just brush back and forth. From three months until six months. Making grooming time the highlight of the day! Your veterinarian can be a good source of information about grooming. The evening meal should be 2-3 hours before bedtime to avoid housetraining accidents. feed him three times a day. Always be gentle when grooming your Maltese. Brushing can help prevent plaque and tarter buildup. Most dogs like the taste of canine toothpaste. massage the gums and teeth. Use a canine toothbrush made for small dogs or even your finger and go over all of the teeth in a circular motion. Speak softly and sweetly or some people even sing. use blunt scissors to trim this excess hair from the bottom and sides of the foot.grows quite long in between his toes. so eating two meals a day helps to keep their blood sugar levels more even through the day. Feeding Your Maltese From the time a puppy is weaned from his mother’s milk until he is three months old. It is important for her dental health. which cause tooth loss (an extremely common problem in small dogs). Lastly. Brush your dog’s teeth every day. or you may even want to locate a reputable groomer in your area.

thereby controlling her weight better. The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) sets standards that most pet foods meet. It is better to feed regular meals for several reasons: • You will know when your Maltese is sick (she will eat less at meals or not at all). • It is easier to control your Maltese’s portions better. raw bones can be very healthy for your Maltese and help keep his teeth healthy and strong. Just make sure she has a safe place to finish an uninterrupted meal. Be sure to buy high quality food for your Maltese.Never leave a dish down on the floor all day for your puppy or dog to snack from. the better for your dog. Don’t give your Maltese a cooked bone of any kind. so you don’t necessarily need to spend extra money to get premium brand for your dog. • This better schedule will help with housetraining your Maltese. However. but chicken and turkey bones are especially dangerous. • You can plan your days better and be on a better schedule. The better the quality of ingredients that go into your Maltese’s food. You can start out feeing your Maltese in her crate or elsewhere in the kitchen. Any cooked bone can be deadly. Foods to avoid Grapes and raisins Chocolate Coffee Alcoholic beverages Avocados Macadamia Nuts 33 . Maltese don’t eat a lot of food.

at some time or another. • Make the breeder your friend. • Keep him comfortable so his immune system can remain strong. • Maltese catch fleas from other animals. You want to keep their spirit up and not break it or they won’t be the dogs you fall in love with in the first place. • Give Maltese lots of exercise and regularly. • Guard your Maltese from fleas. • Walk them three times a day or have play sessions. can be an invaluable ally to you throughout your Maltese's life. you can expect to encounter in your Maltese. 34 .Moldy Food Onions Yeast dough How to Keep Your Maltese Healthy • Feed him a balanced diet. Provide plenty of space for them to bounce around. • Keep in touch with the breeder who sold you the Maltese. • The fleas only go to the Maltese to feed on its blood. It is an every day problem that. The breeder can advise you about care and health matters that are unique to the breed. for that matter. Any Maltese breeder. Healthy and happy Maltese are a joy to live with.

or your local kennel club. Taking Care of Your Sick Maltese Remember. your dog’s veterinarian will be her best friend.Pancreatitis .Collapsed trachea .central heating. Don’t be afraid to talk with the veterinarian and tour the facilities.Liver shunts .Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (reduced blood flow to hip joints) . but they do have some serious health concerns that can affect them. All dogs are susceptible to different health problems.• Fleas mostly live and multiply in your home. . Shop around for a good one BEFORE you bring your Maltese home. • De-worm your puppy your adult Maltese at the intervals advised by your veterinarian. Maltese are generally healthy. the fitted carpet – we create for ourselves and our Maltese also work best for the fleas. best of all. Get recommendations from friends your breeder. - Addison’s Disease (Hypoadrenocorticism) Allergies Arthritis Cancer 35 . double-glazing and.Progressive retinal atrophy There are also some other health problems that are common in toy dogs that owners should be watchful for. The comfortable living .

External parasites . We have already mentioned the importance of allowing only very experienced breeders to breed Maltese. ovarian. Rather than producing more puppies. including mammary or testicular cancer. This is a breed that requires special care to breed. infections) Eye problems Heart disease Hypoglycemia Hypothyroidism Kidney and Urinary problems Medial patellar luxation (dislocation of the kneecap) Liver shunt Pancreatitis White Shaker Dog Syndrome (diffuse tremor of the whole body) . Neutering can help protect your dog from several reproductive related health problems. Spaying or neutering your dog before the age of six months can protect your Maltese against breast.- Cysts and tumors Canine Influenza Virus (The New Dog Flu) Cushing’s Disease Diabetes Ear problems (deafness. 36 .Internal parasites The value of spaying and neutering Sterilizing your Maltese is the most responsible option as a pet owner. There are over 12 million former pets that are put to death every year because they are no longer wanted. try adopting one of these needy animals instead. as well as pyometra (a deadly infection of the uterus). Neutering your Maltese is not just about cutting down on the unwanted pet population. or prostate cancer.

Did you know that 1 out of 3 dogs this year will have to have emergency service? Fill out the form and get a quote. There are also blood tests that can be done to look for common problems in senior dogs.000 is just one accident away.Caring for your Senior Maltese Just as humans are living longer and longer lives.I can’t say enough about how affordable and smart this is. Medication is available that is very helpful in treating this problem. Your veterinarian might suggest that your Maltese come in for exams twice a year instead of once. You’ll be shocked how affordable it is. The average Maltese lives about 13-16 years. older dogs (especially female dogs) can begin having incontinence and have trouble controlling their bladder. Pet Insurance 37 . so are our dogs.. This is the one we use.. up to 19 years or more.. With the cost of vets going up. and are generally pretty healthy. The best way to take care of your senior dog is to be in regular contact with your veterinarian and have your dog checked regularly to identify any problems early. Pet Health Insurance Pet Insurance. Maltese suffer from few genetic disorders.. In addition. a $2.. Maltese’s usually live to be healthy dogs right into their teen years.000 to $3.. but some enjoy longer lives. Compared to some other breeds.

spotting any ailment in your Maltese before the condition becomes serious. healthier and more obedient now. In return. and supported by routine checkups by the veterinarian. choose a company that has been in business at least a few years.akc.companies now offer healthy insurance for dogs. Suite 100 Etobicoke. instead of routine care. This can be good for Maltese because a variety of problems in this breed can be expensive to treat. I hope you have gained new tips to make your Maltese happier. Ontario M9W 6R4 (416) 675-5511 38 . If you opt for health insurance. Figure out what is the best financial fit for your home and your finances. healthy and loving person. you also become a happier. during your life journey together with your Maltese. will help ensure you have a happy and healthy Maltese that loves and is loyal to you. but it is worth it to be a smart consumer. RESOURCES American Kennel Club (AKC) 5580 Centerview Drive Raleigh. Pay most attention to coverage of expensive items like major surgery. It is a difficult subject to tackle. NC 27606 (919) 233-9767 Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) 89 Skyway Avenue. Conclusion In conclusion.

uk United Kennel Club (UKC) 100 American Maltese Association Corresponding Secretary: Barbara Miener 2523 The Kennel Club 1 Clarges Street London W1J 8AB 0870 606 6750 www.americanmaltese. MI 49002-5584 (269) 343-9020 www. WA 98403 www. Kilgore Road Starr Street My Personal Resources Best Dog Food Pet Insurance Chew Toys 39 .