1. The components of an argument include the premises and the conclusion.

Premises consist of reasons, claims, and statements to determine whether or
not to accept the claim. The claim itself is the actual conclusion of the
argument.
a. Examples of an Argument (Conclusions are italicized and underlined)
i. All Americans like pizza. I am American. Therefore, I like pizza.
ii. If I went to the museum to enjoy history, and if I see other
people at the same museum, then we all must be there to enjoy
the museum, too.
iii. Timmy likes pink cars and Timmy is a guy, Therefore all guys
like pink cars.
2. The difference between an argument and an explanation is that an argument
attempts to prove something through both premises and a conclusion,
whereas an explanation tells us the cause of why something happened.
a. Argument: My mom is cooking dinner because I can smell the food.
i. This is considered an argument because I’m attempting to prove
to you that my mom is cooking because I can smell the food.
b. Explanation: Something smells really good because my mom is
cooking.
i. This is considered an explanation because I’m attempting to
explain to you why I smell something really good, which is my
mom’s cooking.
3. According to the Soft Chalk video about objective and subjective claims, three
criteria a statement must be met in order to be considered an “objective
statement” includes its truth value (whether claim is true or false), having an
agreed-upon method by comparison, and one person must be wrong if there
is a disagreement about a claim.
a. My water bottle is purple.
i. This example meets all 3 criteria to be an objective statement.
This is because it is true that my water bottle is purple. We can
see that the bottle is purple by comparing it to the actual color
of purple. We can see that the truth value of this statement
would be true after seeing that the purple color of the bottle
matches with the actual color of purple. When another person
looks at my bottle, they wouldn’t be able to disagree with me
that my water bottle is purple.
4. The difference between a deductive argument and an inductive argument is
that a deductive argument is something based on multiple occurrences and
will most likely occur. In other words, it is certain and probable derived from
evidence and history. While for an inductive argument, it's based on
something that happened once and will less likely occur again.
a. Deductive Argument: All students go to school. John is a student,
therefore he goes to school.
i. The premise in this argument was that all students go to school,
whether it be part time or full time. Since John is a student, he is
concluded to go to school.

b. Inductive Argument: You had school every day for the past week. So
you will have school tomorrow.
i. This argument makes a prediction that you will have school
tomorrow. It is not true because whether or not someone has
school depends entirely on their schedule and what day of the
week it is 'tomorrow'.