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CHAPTER 1

Introduction
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
Q No.1: Circle the correct option i.e. A/B/C/D. Each part carries one mark.
1.
Who in the 3rd century discovered the use of steam? 2008
A. Newton
B. Hero
C. Al-Beruni
D. coalliles
2.

Who wrote "Al-manazir"

A. Al-Beruni
3.

B. Newton

D. Al-kundi

B. Al-beruni

C. Al-kundi

D. Newton

The matter of the sun is in______ state.

A. Solid
5.

C. Ibn-ul-haithem

Who wrote "kitab-ul-Asterlab"?

A. Ibn-ul-Haithem
4.

2009-8

B. Coal

2011

C. Plasma

D. Liquid

The study of the properties of isolated nuclei of the atom is called

A. Plasma physics
B. Nuclear physics
D. Solid state physics

C. Electro magnetism

6.
The study of motion and the physical effects which influence motion is
A. Mechanics
B. Astrophysics C. Geophysics
D. Biophysics
7.
Energy obtained by breaking up 1kg of uranium is equal to __kilogram of
coal.
A. 3 million

B. 30 million

C. 3 Billion

D. 30 Billion

8.
The scientist of Pakistan who was awarded Nobel prize
A. Dr. Abdu Salam
B. Dr. A.Q.khan
C. Al kundi
D. None of these
9.

The study of the physical aspects of visible light is

A. Sound

B. Light

C. Waves

D. Mechanics

10. The knowledge of heavenly bodies and interaction of matter and energy is
space
A. Geophysics

B. Astrophysics

C. Biophysics

D. Plasma physics

11.

The study of Biological sciences on the principles of physics is called

A. Biophysics
12.

B. Plasma physics

C. Geophysics

D. Nuclear physics

Man would never face the shortage of energy if he will be able to control.

A. Fission reaction

B. Recycle plant

C. Fusion reaction

D. Hydroelectric power

13. To make observations of natural process and to collect the data about
them is
A. Experiment

B. Observation

C. Prediction

D. Theory

14. If the experimental result is in accordance with the prediction then this
theory become
A. An observation

B. A law

C. Prediction

D. Experiment

15. After the successful verification of an assumption and with the help of
careful experimentation, it becomes
A. A law

B. A hypothesis

C. A prediction

The famous mass-Energy equation by Einstein is


2
A. E = hf
B. E=hr
C. E =

D. A theory

16.

mc

17.

The radio telescope invented in the

A. 19th

B. 20th

D. Y = mx + c

century.

C. 21st

D. 18th

18.
The difference between the circumference of the earth measured by Alberuni and up till today is
A. 89 km

B.69km

C. 79 km

D. 59 km

19.
How many successful nuclear experiments were carried out by Pakistan
in 1998.
A. Seven
20.

B. Five

C. Eight

D. Six

Light is the

A. Form of spare

B. Form of molecules C. Form of irons

D. Form of energy

21. The scientist who made Pakistan an atomic power is

A. Dr. Abdul Salam

B. Dr. Atta ur Rehman C. Dr. Abdul Qadeer D. Al-kundi

22. It is normally thought that Europeans received the light of scientific


knowledge from
A. Greeks
23.

B. Muslims

C. 973 A.D D. 200 B.C

Pin-hole camera was invented by

A. Al-beruniB. Al khawarzmi
25.

C. Al-kundi

B. Sound

C. Heat

D. plasma

All these are applications of physics except:

A. Drawing of water form well


27.

D. Ibn-ul-Haithem

Our sun is in the following phase of matter

A. Light
26.

D. Hindus

Ibn-ul-Haithem was born in

A. 965A.D B. 3rd century


24.

C. Romans

B. Electric bulb

C. computer

D. Paper Making

It is our common example that light travels in

A. Circular path

B. Curved path

C. Straight path D. Zigzag path

28.
If the experimental results do not agree with our hypothesis in the
scientific method we then go back to
A. Observations
29.

B. hypothesis

C. Experiment

D. Theory

Greeks theories were based upon

A. True spirit of research

B. Observation and experimentation

C. Fake experiments

D. General observations

30.
is

The only Pakistani scientist who was awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize

A. Dr. Abdus Salam

B. Einstein C. Dr.Abdul Qadeer

D. Dr. Mehboob-ul-Haq

Introduction
3

SHORT QUESTIONS
Q.No.2 Answers these questions. Answer to each part should not exceed three to
four lines.
1.

What is an electron microscope?

2.

What does physics say about our universe?

3.

What is the speed of light?

4.

What was the theory that changed the old concepts in physics?

5.

What is the name of the book in which Newton published his laws of motion?

6.

What do you mean by plasma physics?

7.

What do you mean by a hypothesis?

8.

What are the fundamental postulates?

9.

Can any object move faster than or equal to the speed of light?

10. What thing is called a system in physics?


11. What do you mean by surrounding?
12. What do you mean by a law?
13. Our sun in which phase of matter?
14. From where the nuclear energy comes from?
15. What is fusion reaction?
16. Which reaction is the source of energy on sun?
17. What Islam teaches about science?
18. Did Greeks know about scientific methods?
19. Who wrote the book Al-Manazir?
20. Who invented pin-hole camera?
21. Name the famous books of Al-beruni?
22. What is scientific method? What are its different stages?
23. Define Astrophysics and Geophysics?
24. Define Nuclear physics and plasma physics?
25. Write briefly the achievements of Al-beruni?

LONG QUESTIONS
Note: Answer these questions in detail.
Q.No.3

What is Physics? Explain its branches in detail?

Q.No.4

What is the importance of Physics in daily life?

Q.No.5

What is scientific method? Describe its different stages.