MODUL

PEMBELAJARAN

SMA NEGERI 2 MATARAM
MATA PELAJARAN BAHASA INGGRIS

KELAS XI SEMESTER I
UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION
MATERI POKOK

WELFARE

DISUSUN OLEH
Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION

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H.M. SARTONO, S.Pd.
Pembina IV/a
NIP: 196012311986011055
2009
PREFACE
First of all we wished to preface that in this part of Learning English Material Based
ICT, SMAN 2 Mataram designed firstly English Learning Material for Senior High School grade
X, XI, & XII Academic Year 2009 / 2010. They are written and designed by H.M. Sartono.
Nowadays, Mastering English is a challenge for some people, this is because of the
Modern Technology which accelerates the development of any field including Education. To
fulfill the Standard of Competence these English Learning Materials, we have to concern with
Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan as it is legitimated by Peraturan Menteri No 22 Tahun
2006 and it is applied in KTSP SMA which is elaborated completely in Syllabus Design.
The main teacher's roles are as mediator and facilitator. The students and the
teachers are to be active and creative . The students' activity is focused on four skills such
as Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing Skills. All skills enable the students to work
actively, while vocabulary Mastery is given indirectly in every task and also functional skills
which is available in orally that is intended to make students to be able to communicate in
English orally. Then the acceleration task are implemented in every topic and section.
Furthermore, in these part of design English Learning Materials in order to meet the
students' needs, to offer a wide knowledge which are useful to their daily life or activity. So
we can say that the students from SMAN 2 Mataram joining these materials are aware of
English. And during the process of study, the students will discover something new, also
encourage them to communicate in English.
Finally, we would like to express our appreciation to those who have taken apart,
helped and given the motivation, or supported to these designs.
Hopefully, if there were some suggestions, criticisms for the improvement of these
designs will be warmly appreciated.
Designed by

H.M. SARTONO, S.Pd

Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION

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Speaking: • Giving advice and warnings • Retelling a narrative text 3. Listening: • Responding to agreement and disagreement • Responding to analytical exposition texts 2.MAPPING CONCEPT UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION WELFARE SKILLS : 1. Reading: • Reading analytical exposition texts 4. Writing: • Writing a analytical exposition text Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 3 .

analytical will just talk nothing since a thesis must be evaluated. we realize that choosing an accredited school is really important Language Features of Analytical Exposition those are : Using relational process Using internal conjunction Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 4 Using causal Mataram conjunction UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION Using Simple Present Tense . Commonly the thesis will be placed in the first paragraphs. whether it is true or false later.Learning Objectives A. Its social function is to persuade the reader that the idea is important matter. it does not matter. It also functionalize of introduction of the text.Thesis: Introducing the topic and indicating the writer’s position or it is the main topic of discourse in analytical exposition essay. And t explaining he other arguments support the writer’s position more The absence of argument. Additionally choosing school based on short term interests seem to be less benefit in the end. Arguments: Explaining the argument to support the writer’s position. accredited or not. Oral Cycle Respond to analytical exposition monolog carefully Respond to expressions for agreement and disagreement . the arguments are the heart of an analytical exposition. Written Cycle Respond to analytical exposition text Identify various generic structure of analytical exposition Write analytical exposition text using correct structure What is Analytical Exposition? Analytical Exposition Text Definition of Analytical Exposition Exposition is a text that elaborates the writer‘s idea about the phenomenon surrounding. 3. The opinion is formulated in a thesis which needs to prove by selecting arguments. 2. we see an accredited school graduate will hold better opportunity. Analytical Exposition text overview Analytical Exposition Analysis on the Generic Structure Analytical exposition is one of argumentative texts which present some supporting idea on why certain writer’s opinion is important. Identify sentence patterns main ideas Use expressions for agreement and disagreement Developing a dialog into a longer one B. Reiteration: Restating the writer’s position or it is the writer’s thesis which is re-stated in another word. From the text above we see that choosing school will be wiser and safer if it is based on the status of the school. From the analytical exposition sample above. The above example of analytical exposition about accredited school has the following generic structure: 1. The purpose is to strengthen the thesis.

you might have one link in your dialogue box to a product you are selling and one to a blog where you are promoting a discussing other products. These articles are a free way to market the products and services you offer for free. determined by the owner of the blog.Analytical exposition is one classified type as hortatory exposition in text genre. Analytical exposition will try to influence the reader by presenting some arguments to prove that the writer' idea is important. Writing is good in making money online Argument 1. They are very popular because of Blogs are usually written on a certain subject area but can vary as its content is heir simplicity to get up and running. For instance. hortatory will close the essay with a recommendation. credible writer is powerful to make money online Language Feature Analysis Simple present tense. These dialogue boxes contain links to basically any website you would like to drive traffic to. What makes them different from one to each other is the last stage of the text. Writing takes some time to gain credibility through but once it's done' earning potential can become very powerful.XIWriting takes some time to gain credibility. Blog writing is an increasingly popular way to earn Modul Bahsa Inggris SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL money online. Writing is a Great for Money Online. Make sure to gear your articles to promote and advertise you own business ventures. The most effective advertising with these articles comes from the dialogue box that is inserted at the end of each article. because. Both analytical exposition and hortatory exposition present arguments for supporting the issued thesis.com/?expert=Michael_Noto Analyzing on the Text Generic Structure Analysis Thesis. Simplified from: http://EzineArticles. Furthermore. etc EXPOSITION Causal conjunction5. writing articles is good in earning money Conclusion. which the analytical exposition will end with a re-iteration. Writers are one group that have benefited from their talents as a result in the rise of internet based jobs. etc . hortatory will try to persuade the reader how should or not do concerning the writer's idea. In the other hand. ( an analytical exposition text) The emergence of the internet has given internet entrepreneurs many ways to make money. Blog writing is an increasingly popular way to earn money online. There are many free Understanding Types of Text: Analytical Exposition websites out there that will help you set up your own blog if you choose to go that route because blog plus advertisement is a potential money Article writing is also a good money to earn money online. blog is a potentially earning money Argumant 2.

Smokers are two and half times more likely to die of heart disease than non smokers. About 50 thousands people die every year in Britain as direct result of smoking. This is seven times as many as die in road accidents. In this example of analytical exposition text. Notes on the generic structure of this example of analytical exposition As we know that both analytical exposition and hortatory exposition are classified as argumentative essay. Paragraph 1 is the thesis of this analytical exposition text. It is something like conclusive paragraph from the previous arguments. Nearly a quarter of smokers die because of diseases caused by smoking. paragraph 2 and 3 are the detail arguments presented in a reporting fact to support that smoking is not good even for smokers themselves. the risk is nineteen greater. Smoking however is not good for every body else. Writer has show himself in clear position of the discussed topic.Is Smoking Good for Us?. However smoking is very good Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 6 for Cigarette Companies . non smoker breathes as much as substance causing cancer as if he had smoked fifteen cigarettes. Generic Structure Analysis Thesis: This pre-conclusive paragraph states the writer’s point of view about the topic discussed. people who do not smoke but they are in smoky area have the bad effect too from the smoking habit. From the generic structure. If we smoke twenty cigarettes a day. Both present argument to support the thesis state in the orientation. Clearly the writer wants to say that smoking is not a good habit. Example of Analytical Exposition Before we are going to smoke. If we smoke five cigarettes a day. Ninety five percent of people who suffer of bronchitis are people who are smoking. we are six times more likely to die of lung cancer than a non smoker. Additionally. This thesis places the writer’s position on the essay. children of smoker are more likely to develop bronchitis and pneumonia. The series of argument will strengthen the thesis stated before. what make big different is that analytical exposition ends with paragraph to strengthen the thesis while hortatory makes a recommendation for readers. Arguments: Presenting arguments in analytical exposition text is as important as giving conflict plot in narrative text. Reiteration: This end paragraph actually is restating the thesis. Ninety percent of lung cancers are caused by smoking. In one hour in smoky room. it is better to look at the fact. Furthermore. Smoking is really good for tobacco companies because they do make much money from smoking habit. It states the fact of the very fatal impact of the smoking habit. The last paragraph of this example of analytical exposition points again that smoking is not good for smokers and people around smokers.

They are looking for more diversified investment outside the US and Europe. the risk is nineteen greater. Smoking is really good for tobacco companies because they do make much money from smoking habit. Smokers are two and half times more likely to die of heart disease than non smokers. Indonesia which has largely Muslim population could become one of these oil-rich countries' favorite place for foreign direct investment. are now reviewing their holding or investment vehicle. The long term nature of Islamic bonds could make them the most suitable investment instrument for Indonesia. children of smoker are more likely to develop bronchitis and pneumonia. financial crisis has now spread to Europe. The government had improved the legal framework with the recent atmen of laws on sharia banking and bonds. Smoking however is not good for every body else. As the US. (simplified from the jakartapos. Paragraph 4 is REITERATION which restates the thesis in another phrases to point the writer’ opinion. It introduces the topic of the text which state the potential opportunity behind the global financial crisis. we are six times more likely to die of lung cancer than a non smoker. legal and market infrastructure are conducive for Islamic financial instruments. If we smoke five cigarettes a day. Ninety percent of lung cancers are caused by smoking.com on Oct 9) NOTES ON Generic Structure of the above Analytical Exposition Paragraph 1 is THESIS. About 50 thousands people die every year in Indonesia as direct result of smoking.Opportunity in the Global Financial Crisis. Additionally. financial crisis and its contagion to Europe and the rest of the world could also create new opportunity for Indonesia in term of foreign direct investment and the development of basic infrastructure. Kuwait and Arab Emirate which have accumulated hundreds of billion of Dollars in their foreign reserve. the oil-rich countries such as Saudi Arabia. If we smoke twenty cigarettes a day. Nearly a quarter of smokers die because of diseases caused by smoking. This is seven times as many as die in road accidents. as these bonds grant an investor a share in an asset along with the cash flows and risks commensurate with such ownership. Paragraphs 2 and 3 are the ARGUMENTS which support to the opinions stated in the above thesis. Listening scripts : Before we are going to smoke. Ninety five percent of people who suffer of bronchitis are people who are smoking. non smoker breathes as much as substance causing cancer as if he had smoked fifteen cigarettes. Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 7 . In one hour in smoky room. That will be true if the conditions. Because of unfavorable political developments in Thailand and Malaysia over the past few months. The financial crisis that has gripped the globe and weakening economic growth in the rest of the world will serve to the government to accelerate the investment reform measures in order to grab the hidden opportunity in the global crisis. example of analytical exposition US. it is better to look at the fact.

Besides usage in daily interaction. Job applicants who master English are more favorable than ones who do not. Furthermore. active or passive. Most people in the world hear about English. Listen carefully. English is used in writing and speaking by many people all over the world. Identify sentence patterns main ideas Activity 1 Listen carefully to the paragraphs read by your teacher . Then say what is monolog text about Audio scripts Why is Learning English Important? Language is the mean of communication. social and politics development. The above facts prove that everybody needs to learn English if he likes to greet the global era. Mostly groups of society have their own languages Some of them appear the top global languages. Finally. Australian. American. 4. Even if we have a pack of instant noodle. some countries have their own languages as a mother language but also use English mostly in daily communication. and even Singaporean English. Is Smoking Good for Us? 3. Are you happy to see children of smoker? Give your reason. What kind of diseases caused by smoking? 5. Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 8 .Oral Cycle (Listening) Respond to analytical exposition monolog carefully Respond to expressions for agreement and disagreement . Arabic. Everyone recognize that English is an international language. the most easily seen in the importance of learning English is that most top requirement in filling job opportunities is the ability using English. and Mandarin. English is also used as a key to open doors leading to scientific and technical knowledge. Those various names of English are used as the first language in those countries. However English is the most global spoken language. This transfer of science and technique will include many countries in economic. It can be either as a first or second language. Then if a man wants to catch a global goal. we will see the cooking instruction also written in English. What is the text about ? 2. he has to master English. We even hear British. No wonder we find manual guides and instructions of many devices written in English. the answer the following questions ! 1. Do you agree that Smoking however is not good for every body else ? Activity 2 You are going to listen to analytical exposition monolog.

Although most studies focus on the period up to 2100. glacier retreat. 3. trade routes. Increasing global temperature will cause sea levels to rise. species extinction and increases in the ranges of disease vectors.4 °C (2. Climate model projections summarized by the IPCC indicate that average global surface temperature will likely rise a further 1. The Dain tree region in northern Queensland is one area where the government has passed laws regulating rainforests activities. the widespread destruction of many of the world's rainforests has caused a signifi cant decline in the number of plant and animal species on Earth. and is expected to increase the intensity of extreme weather events and to change the amount and pattern of precipitation. Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 9 .1 to 6. Global warming Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of the Earth's nearsurface air and oceans in recent decades and its projected continuation. warming and sea level rise are expected to continue for more than a thousand years even if greenhouse gas levels are stabilized. The overuse of rainforests for tourist activities has led governments to pass laws restricting activities in these forests. analyze the generic structure and language feature. 2.wikipedia. but there is ongoing political and public debate worldwide regarding what.org Present Perfect Tense Study the following sentences. Remaining scientific uncertainties include the amount of warming expected in the future. if any. The delay in reaching equilibrium is a result of the large heat capacity of the oceans.5 °F) during the twenty-fi rst century. Other effects of global warming include changes in agricultural yields. Taken from en. and how warming and related changes will vary from region to region around the globe. 1. action should be taken to reduce or reverse future warming or to adapt to its expected consequences.0 to 11. The range of values results from the use of differing scenarios of future greenhouse gas emissions as well as models with differing climate sensitivity. Most national governments have signed and ratified the Kyoto Protocol aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.Activity 3 From the analytical exposition monolog text below. Unfortunately. work in pairs .

Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 10 .

Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 11 .

What did Yenny say when she heard that Denni had diarrhoea? Study the following expressions of fulfi lling request. of course. What's wrong with you? Denni : I am suffering from a relapse. you look pale today. Does Krisna's mother fulfi ll Krisna's request? Howdo you know? 2. and pleasure • Responding to an analytical exposition text Activity 1 Answer these questions. pain. relief. Yenny : I'm sorry to hear that. Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 12 .( Speaking ) • Expressing request • Expressing feeling of relief. 1. pain and pleasure. Krisna : Thank you. I couldn't sleep well. Why does mother not refuse Krisna's request? Dialogue 2 Yenny : Den. 1. What's wrong with you? Krisna : I need a lot of money to buy a text book. may I ask you something? Mother : Yes. Why did Denni look pale? 2. Mother : Okay. 1. Mom. How do you feel when your close friend gives you a bunch of flowers? Activity 2 Read the following dialogues and then answer the questions orally ! Dialogue 1 Krisna : Mom. Yenny : What do you suffer from? Denni : I've had diarrhoea since last night. I'll give it to you if it is important for you. What do you say fulfilling your sister's request? 2. What do you say when you have a serious toothache? 3.

( Speaking ) Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 13 .

Don't mention it d.( Speaking ) Activity 3 Complete the following dialogue using expressions provided in the box a. We are excited e. I am happy you made a quick recovery g. That's wonderful Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 14 i. I am glad it was done c. It's a relief to hear that h. I had a gastric problem f. That's great . I am suffering from a relapse j. By all means b.

Create a short dialogue to respond to the topic of the text. Use the expressions you have learnt. Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 15 .Activity 4 Work in pairs.

Some prefer to choose certain school because of the closer distance. Do you know the absence of argument. What is the main topic of discourse in analytical exposition text ? 2. if there are two or more students with similar qualifications. Student from an accredited school has more open door than student with an accredited one. written in the text ? From Inggris the text above we see that choosing will be wiser and safer.B. What kind of the arguments are the heart of an analytical exposition text ? 3. Answer the question based on the text . Some will be influenced by friends. what does Modul 4. However a student with good personality who comes from an accredited school is better than the others. do individually Accredited School Why is It Important to Choose the Accredited School? Most of teenagers need to go to school and there are a lot of schools over there. 1. Choosing school which is closer to home will save time. What is the writer’s thesis which is re-stated in another word ? . Accredited school is not the only factor which will drive student’s success. Personality and characterization are very important too. Many students select certain school depending more on short term factors like friend influence and short distance from home. the primary decisive matter for selecting school is whether the school has been accredited or not. However if that school is not accredited. accredited schools have an edge over the unaccredited schools. Why is important to choose an accredited school? Well. Written Cycle Reading Activity 5. Bahsa XI SMAN2 Mataram UNITschool 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 16 this statement explicitly meaning ? 5. This label of Accredited School has an impact in employment opportunities. Nowadays. However it is a hard choice since there are many factors which need to be considered before making the selection. As result. the student who comes from the accredited school will have an edge over the other candidate. the time and money spent along studying seems to be waste in the long term because it could become a limiting factor in gaining future opportunities. energy and money. schools grow to offer plenty of choice. because some friend got to certain school than we go to there too. In fact. private and state ones. It is not bad since commuting actually needs much cost.

Consequently students need extra media cover the subject. ruler and such other stuff. Analyze Generic Structure and Language Feature of the Text below ! Determine Thesis. Buying laptop online is advisable because it will cut the price. That is really easy and save time and money. The best is that the shop has service of online shopping. in this multimedia era. Additionally. The students just need to brows that online shop. Recently there is an online shop which provides comprehensive information. students need book. pen.Reading Activity 6. Students just need to decide which type they really need. After that the laptop will be delivered to the students' houses. Of course it will need more cost but it will deserve for its function. Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 17 . First. this method will help student to get better understanding. From all of that. then complete the transaction. decide which computer or laptop they need. Secondly. Students need mobile keyboards to record every presented subject easily. modern schools tend to apply fast transferring knowledge because the school needs to catch the target of curriculum. eraser. Since there is a laptop on every students' desk. This online way is recommended since online shop also provide several laptop types. Argument and Reiteration Laptop as Students' Friend Conventionally. drawing book. Every subject will tend to be given in demonstrative method. having mobile computer is absolutely useful for students who want to catch the best result for their study. finding an appropriate laptop is not difficult as it was. students need more to reach their progressive development.

Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 18 .Activity 7 Do you know how much oxygen the air is made up of? Study the following diagram. The overuse of rainforests for tourist activities has led governments to pass laws restricting activities in these forests. The present perfect tense consists of have/has before the past participle form of a verb. Then State whether the following statements are true or false according to the diagram Grammar Review Present Perfect Tense Study the following sentences. Unfortunately. 1. The Daintree region in northern Queensland is one area where the government has passed laws regulating rainforests activities. 3. the widespread destruction of many of the world's rainforests has caused a signifi cant decline in the number of plant and animal species on Earth. 2.

or the trapping of the sun's rays by the carbon dioxide. if mankind continues to burn oil. who is lead author of the research from four continents published last week in the magazine Nature. and half would become extinct. while of 300 South African plant species studied. In South Africa. the King Protean. far worse than we thought. They estimate that more than 1 million species will be lost by 2050. In Europe. The scale of the disaster facing the planet shocked those involved in the research. It took two years for the largest global collaboration of experts to make the first major assessment of the effect of climate change on six biologically rich regions of the world taking in 20% of the land surface.870 species examined would be in trouble. The results are described as "terrifying" by Chris Thomas. a study of 163 tree species showed that up to 70 would become extinct. including the national flower. Australia. In the Cerrito region of Brazil which covers one fifth of the country. So many species are already destined for extinction because it takes at least 25 years for the greenhouse effect . But the scientists say that action to curb greenhouse gases now could save many more. Many of the plants and trees that exist in this savannah occur nowhere else in the world. according to the first comprehensive study into the effect of higher temperatures on the natural world. survival rates were better. The research in Europe. but they are not in correct order. the continent least affected by climate change. and what we have discovered may even be an underestimate. professor of conservation biology at Leeds University. particularly by the United States and European nations. The changing climate over the next 50 years is expected to drive a quarter of land animals and plants into extinction. major conservation areas such as Kruger National Park risked losing up to 60% of the species under their protection. coal and gas at the current rate. Activity 1 The following text consists of five paragraphs.Writing • write an analytical exposition text. One third of 1. Central and South America." Among the more startling findings of the scientists was that of 24 species of butterfly studied in Australia. Arrange them into a good text. Studies in Mexico's Chihuahua desert confirmed that on flatter land extinction was more likely because a small change in climate would require migrations over vast distances for survival. showed that species living in mountainous areas had a greater chance of survival because they could move uphill to get cooler. Much of that loss – more than one in 10 of all plants and animals Œ is already irreversible because of the extra global warming gases already discharged into the atmosphere. Professor Thomas said: "When scientists set about research they hope to come up with definite results. up to one third of all life forms will be doomed by 2050. Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 19 . is making matters worse. The research says that. and South Africa. all but three would disappear in much of their current range. The continuous discharge of more greenhouse gases. but what we found we wish we had not. It was far. more than one third were expected to die out. methane and nitrous oxide to have its full effect on the planet.

stop building roads in the forest. What is a suitable title for the text? 2. "Beef exports are the main reason for the damage to the forest. The US buys more Brazilian beef than the EU does. The US takes only 8%.com Activity 3 Study the text and Decide whether these sentences are true or false: 1.000 sq km of the world’s largest forest was lost. What is the main idea of each paragraph? 4." it says.Activity 2 Answer the following questions based on the paragraphs you have just arranged 1. and give money to people to keep land as forest. The main reason for the loss of forest. "[In that time] the percentage of Europe's meat imports coming from Brazil increased from 40% to 74%. Now large commercial ranchers are producing the beef and selling it to European supermarkets.onestopenglish. 4. Egypt. "In the 1970s and 1980s small ranchers produced most of the beef in the Amazon region. What is the topic of the text? 3. the director general of CIFOR. 2. 5. 3.000 tones of exported beef. Logging is the main cause of deforestation. In the 1970s and 1980s enormous ranching operations produced most of the beef in the Amazon region. The Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) says that this year’s loss could be even greater. 40% more than the year before. 20 . The report says that enormous ranching operations are now controlling the beef export market.ls Last month the Brazilian government said it was going to spend $133 million to help to save the rainforest.la The Americans say that soya farming for the European market causes deforestation. CIFOR says that the Brazilian government must stop ranchers using government land. a huge area of forest will disappear during the next 18 months. This is a very positive step. Russia and Saudi Arabia import 35%. or deforestation. He said that logging is not a direct cause of deforestation. What is the conclusion of the text? Demand for beef speeds destruction of Amazon forest An international report says that last year was a very bad year for the Amazon rainforest in Brazil. Brazil exports a lot of beef to Europe and Brazilian beef is very popular in Europe because there is no mad cow disease in Brazil. Without urgent action to save the rainforest. Soyabean farming causes only a small percentage of deforestation. as cattle ranchers are destroying the rainforests. They sold it to local slaughterhouses. Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 6. Brazilian beef is not popular in Europe. The CIFOR report says that EU countries now buy almost 40% of Brazil's 578. The CIFOR report does not agree with this "Soya bean farming in the Amazon region is increasing but it only causes a small percentage of total deforestation. the report says. "said David Kaimowitz. The number of cattle in the Amazon region increased by more than 100% to 57 million between 1990 and 2002. Satellite photographs show that almost 26. is that farmers are cutting down trees so that they can produce grasslands for their cows. The Brazilian government is spending money to help save the rainforest. Adopted from John Vidal The Guardian Weekly Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2004 www.

up to oneEXPOSITION third of all life forms Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL 21 will be become extinct by 2050. Central and South America. Chris Thomas. The continuing production of more greenhouse gases. Studies in Mexico's Chihuahua desert confirmed that extinction was more probable on flatter land because a small change in climate would mean that plants and animals would have to migrate for huge distances in order to survive. much worse than we expected. while more than one third of 300 South African plant species studied were expected to die out. coal and gas at the current rate. and what we have discovered may even be an underestimate. The head of the research team. but we wish we had not found what we found. methane and nitrous oxide . The research says that. particularly by the United States and European nations. Many species are already certain to become extinct because it takes at least 25 years for the greenhouse effect . showed that species living in mountainous areas had a better chance of survival because they could move uphill to get cooler Professor Thomas said: "When scientists start a research project they hope to produce definite results. The loss represents more than 10% of all plants and animals and a large part of this is already irreversible because of the extra global warming gases that are already in the atmosphere. major conservation areas such as the Kruger National Park could lose up to 60% of the species under their protection. survival rates were better. In South Africa.Activity 4 Write your responds of the following analytical exposition text that based on the questions below ! What are the main causes of global warming? How can greenhouse gases be controlled? Global warming threatens to kill off a million species Recently a group of scientists published the first comprehensive study into the effect of higher temperatures on the natural world. The research in Europe. the King Protean. including the national flower. if mankind continues to burn oil." One of the more shocking findings of the scientists was that half of the 24 species of butterfly they studied in Australia would become extinct. In Europe. is making matters worse.or the trapping of the sun's rays by the carbon dioxide.870 species that were studied would be in trouble. The research took two years to complete and provides an assessment of the effect of climate change on six biologically rich regions of the world taking in 20% of the land surface. A study of 163 tree species in the Cerrito region of Brazil which covers one fifth of the country. . Many of the plants and trees that exist in this savannah occur nowhere else in the world. who is professor of conservation biology at Leeds University. Australia. One third of the 1. Over the next 50 years about 25% of land animals and plants will become extinct. The scientists involved in the research were shocked by what they found. and South Africa. It was much.to have its full effect on the planet. the continent least affected by climate change. described the results of the research as isterrifying. But the scientists say that immediate action to control greenhouse gases now could save many more plants and animals from extinction. More than 1 million species will be lost by 2050. showed that up to 70 would become extinct.

How much of the land surface of the world does the report on global warming cover? 3. 8. 3. you limit or control it. How long does it take for the greenhouse effect to have its full effect on the planet? 7. ____________ is the process of moving to another part of the world. Which gases cause the greenhouse effect? 8. 6. A ____________ is a plant or animal group whose members all have similar general features. 7. An ____________ animal or plant no longer exists. 5. it is certain to fail or to be destroyed. An ____________ condition or situation is one which is impossible to change or bring back. Look in the text and answer these questions. How many species of South African plants are expected to die out? 5. Fill the gaps using these key words from the text. If something is ____________ . ____________ means ‚surprising™ or ‚very unusual™. extinct conservation irreversible species startling migration curb (verb) doomed 1. Which human activities produce greenhouse gases? Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 22 . If you ____________ something. 2. ____________ is the process by which land and water is managed to prevent it being destroyed or damaged. How many species of butterfly did they study in Australia? 4.Writing Activity 5. How many species are expected to be lost by the year 2050? 2. Activity 6. How many species were examined in Mexico? 6. 1. 4.

. What is a thesis in an analytical exposition text? If you find some difficulties. read analytical exposition texts. 4. Activity 4 Elaborate on the following main ideas as an analytical exposition text. Air Pollution 3. What do you say when you get a sudden pain on your body? 2. A word which means a wrong idea that something is smaller or less important than it really is. 3. Water Pollution 4. An adjective which means ‚extremely large”. Work with a partner 1. 3. consult to your teacher or discuss with your friends . 2. you are expected to be able to: 1. 5. Another word for ‚size” or ‚extent”. A noun used to describe a large flat area of land covered with grass in a warm part of the world. fulfill someone's request. 6. 4. 2. Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 23 . answer the questions: 1. express feelings of relief. Soil Pollution Summary Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this Module . A two-word verb which means the same as ‚to become extinct”.Activity 7 Look in the text and find these words: 1. A noun which means the process of working together with other people on a specific project. and pleasure. 5. respond to someone fulfilling a request. Types of Pollution 2. write an analytical exposition text. Now. pain.

Prague.Slovakia . criticized the Eastern European countries last week for their support for George Bush’s policy on Iraq. Adrian Nastase. Germany says that it is wrong for these countries to accept money from the EU and then support the Americans. the US defense secretary. he said. you have more rights than when you are asking to join the family. the former Polish foreign minister. said he was "very.Some people recognized that this was s not really an attack on the Eastern European countries. The treaty for the 10 new members. "Romania and Bulgaria were particularly careless. France has a problem with the US and Britain but it is easier to criticise the Eastern European countries. the Czech Republic and the other EU candidates should keep quiet. Poland. "When you are in the family. very disappointed" by the position of the future member states. And . The European Union summit in Copenhagen last December made the final decision on enlargement. At the end of the EU summit on Iraq in Brussels. Jacques Chirac . which include Po l a n d . It will be more difficult for French farmers when Polish farmers are in the EU. the president of the European Commission. the Baltic’s. France has never really liked the plans to enlarge the EU because it sees the enlargement as a British plan to change the character of the EU. Chirac even said there might be a referendum in France on the question of the enlargement of the European Union . Slovenia and Slovakia are mostly pro American . Malta and Estonia. said that France and Germany had not consulted the other current EU member states over the crisis in Ira q . worst of all. The pro-American open letter of five current EU members and three of the new candidates was another example of the division between "old" and "new" Europe. Romano Prodi. "Every time I have an argument with my wife I shout at my s o n s. This was a strong warning . the French president . Budapest . France is not the only country that has criticized the Eastern Europe countries. They should join the EU on May 1st 2004. Chirac said their behavior was "childish" and "dangerous". after all. will be signed in Athens in April . The Eastern European countries replied carefully to the criticism. Bronislaw Geremek . and you are knocking on the door. French has been replaced by English as the main language of the European Union. Hungary. Last month Chirac was very angry when Donald Rumsfeld.Examination Preparation Text I : ‘Old’ Europe reuniting East with West’ The crisis in Iraq has created problems for many countries but now it could also have a negative effect on the European Union and. criticized France and Germany as "old Europe" in contrast to the friendly countries of "new Europe". in particular on the plans to welcome the Eastern European countries into the EU in 2004. Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 24 ." explained Romania's prime minister. the post-communist governments in War saw. he said. because they were still applying to join the EU.

to write to ask for something c. to criticise 3. 5. 6. 2. to say that somebody is wrong or bad g. a treatya. Romano Prodi is the president of the _______________ Commission. Donald Rumsfeld is the US _________________________ secretary. to make something bigger e. George Bush is the president of ___________________________ . a change that happens because of something2.1. saying that something bad will happen h. a warning 6. Bronislaw Gemerk is the former Polish _______________ minister. to replace 7. to enlarge 8. a time of great danger or difficulty d. Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 25 . Fill the gaps using the words in the list European foreign president defence minister the USA1. an agreement between countries f. to apply 5. 4. Match the words with their meanings The wordsMeanings1. an effect 4. Jacques Chirac is the ______________________________ of France. Adrian Nastase is the Romanian prime ___________________ . to take the place of something b. 3. a crisis 2.

They studied 2. One of the plants in danger of extinction is the national flower of South frica. a process called ‚global warming™. such as deserts.870 species in Mexico. about 30% of all life forms will become extinct by 2050. 80% of the species in the Kruger National Park will die out. particularly the USA and the European countries. they found that half of the 24 species of butterfly they studied in Australia would soon become extinct. The scientists were shocked by what they found. we could save many more plants and animals from extinction. methane and nitrous oxide. called ‚greenhouse gases™. the King Protea. 7. oil and gas and this produces carbon dioxide (CO2). 6. plants and animals would have to move very long distances to get cooler. 2. said the results of their research were ieterrifyingly . they studied 1. coal and gas at the same rate as today. Look in the text and correct the information in these sentences. They wanted to find out if global warming was dangerous for plants and animals. More than 10% of all plants and animals will become extinct. These gases. A few weeks ago a group of scientists produced a report about global warming and the natural world. Chris Thomas. People burn coal. so they are in greater danger of extinction. The scientists studied some regions of the world with a very rich biology. Their studies showed that species living in mountainous areas had a better chance of survival because they could move uphill to get cooler. Central and South America.Global warming threatens to kill off a million species The earth is getting warmer. But the scientists say if we control greenhouse gases now. I. and more than 100 of the 300 South African plant species they studied would also become extinct. In flat areas. These regions were Europe. who is professor of conservation biology at Leeds University. Global warming is getting worse. We will not know the true results of this for 25 years but if people continue to burn oil. They studied 163 tree species in the Cerrado region of Brazil and found that 70 would become extinct. The scientists found many shocking things. Many of the plants and trees that live in this region live nowhere else in the world. We will not know the true results for 50 years 26 . They say that during the next 50 years about 25% of land animals and plants will become extinct. 1. stop the heat of the sun from leaving the earth’s upper atmosphere and this makes the earth warmer. 60% of the species in the Kruger National Park in South Africa would also die out. It is too late to save many plants and animals because of the greenhouse gases that are already in the atmosphere. 5. 4. Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 8. In Mexico. They studied 70 species of tree in Brazil. The head of the research team. Australia. More than 10 million plants and animals will become extinct by 2080. are continuing to produce greenhouse gases. More than 1 million plant and animal species will become extinct by 2050. 50% of land animals and plants will become extinct during the next 60 years. 3. More than 20% of all plants and animals will become extinct. They studied 12 species of butterfly in Australia.870 species and found that more than 30% of these were in danger of extinction. For example. and South Africa. Many countries.

3. Because they can move uphill to get cooler. b.II. b. 30% of all life forms will become extinct by 2050. c. Choose the best answer. very surprised 2. Find the words in the text which mean: 1. Because they have to move long distances to get cooler. Why are greenhouse gases dangerous? a. Why do animals in mountainous regions have a better chance of survival? a. 5. Very. Because many of them will become extinct if global warming continues. c. very frightening 3. Very. b. A flat. A word which means ‚especially Modul Bahsa Inggris XI SMAN2 Mataram UNIT 3 ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION 27 . It could grow in the Kruger National Park. What could happen to the national flower of South Africa? a. oil and gas. 1. We will not know the true results for 25 years. Another expression for ‚to become extinct 6. Another word for ‚regions 8. c. Because there are no deserts in mountainous regions. Because it is too late to save many plants and animals. Because people burn coal. c. 2. Because they stop the heat of the sun reaching the earth. 4. Because they cause global warming. III. b. The opposite of ‚downhill 7. The opposite of ‚poor 4. Why is global warming bad for animals and plants? a. b. The earth will get colder. c. It could become extinct. People could study it. dry area without many plants or water 5. Because some regions of the world have a very rich biology. What will happen if people continue to produce greenhouse gases? a.