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Compacted Road

Base and Subbase Soils


INTRODUCTION
When highway or railway earthworks, bases,
subbases and dams are constructed and subgrades are prepared, it is necessary to compact the
material mechanically, to confer a high degree
of density.
This procedure increases the shear strength,
reduces the permeability and water absorption,
and reduces the tendency to settle under repeated loading.
Compaction is therefore defined as the process of increasing the density of a material by
mechanical means.
To simulate the procedure adopted in the
earthworks to obtain a defined level of compaction in the field, several laboratory tests
have been developed over the years; they only
differ for the different level of energy applied
to the soil sample.
132

Testing equipment for the construction industry

The terms percent compaction or relative compaction usually refer to the ratio of the dry weight
per unit volume of a field-compacted soil, compacted with mechanical equipment, to the maximum dry weight per unit volume of the same soil,
compacted in the laboratory in accordance with
a standard procedure, at the optimum moisture
content.
The new EN standards:
EN 13286 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures. Test methods for laboratory dry density and
water content.
A number of new EN standards have been developed
or are under development covering this subject. The
test methods are practically identical to those of
the other standards except for some dimension and
specification of testing apparatus. For this reason
we prefer to propose separately all the EN testing
apparatus even if, very often, they are identical to
those referring to other standards.

Compacted road base and subbase soils

Contents
33
34
35
38

Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures

Proctor rammers and moulds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Automatic compactors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vibration compaction hammer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Relative density test set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Moisture condition Value (MCV) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compaction penetrometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CBR-(IBI)*Immediate Bearig Index

CBR equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading presses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multispeed tester . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Field CBR apparatus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessories to perform Uniaxial and Unconfined
compression tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Impact soil tester . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Determination of strength of stabilised soil . . . . . . . . . . . . .

134
136
140
142
143
143

144
147
151
154
155
156
156

Field and laboratory density / bearing capacity

Sand replacement method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157


Balloon method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Surface soil sampler (core cutter) method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Field density of undisturbed soil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Plate load testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Measurement of a rolling load deflection by the modified .
Benkelman beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Dynamic deformation module of soils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164

Permeability

Constant and falling head apparatus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165


Determination of dispersibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
Compaction permeameters and stands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
* The immediate Bearing Index (IBI) prescribed by the EN 13286-47
does not require the curing and the surcharge weight.

Testing equipment for the construction industry

133

33

Compacted road base and subbase soils

Moisture/ Density relationship. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


EN 13286-2 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures. Proctor compaction

Proctor moulds

Proctor rammers

Used for determining the relationship


between the moisture content and density
of compacted soil. Made of plated steel.
Includes collar, mould body and base plate.
Different models are available conforming
to the various specifications in use. They
are identical in shape and slightly differ in
diameter and capacity.

Used to compact the soil sample in the


Proctor moulds. Made of plated steel. Guide
sleeve with vent holes. Different models are
available conforming to the various specifications in use.

EN Proctor moulds

sCode

Description
Int. dia. mm
Int. height mm
Weight approx. kg

33-T0070/E
EN Proctor mould
100 1
120 1
5
33-T0071/E
EN Proctor mould (large)
150 1
120 1
8.9
EN Proctor rammers

sCode

Description
Mass of
Diameter of
Height of

rammer kg
base mm
fall mm

33-T0075/E
EN Proctor rammer, low energy
2.50 0.02
50.0 0.5
305 3
33-T0076/E
EN Proctor rammer, medium energy
4.50 0.04
50.0 0.5
457 3
EN Proctor steel plates

sCode

Description
Diameter mm
Thick mm
Weight approx. kg

33-T0070/E1
EN Steel plate
99.5
10
0.6
33-T0071/E1
EN Steel plate (large)
149.5
10
1.3
33-T0071/1
Perforated steel plate

for 33-T0071/E

Compaction equipment

134

Testing equipment for the construction industry

EN Compaction equipment

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moisture/ Density relationship

33

Proctor compaction ( continued)

Proctor moulds

sCode

Description
Standards
Capacity
Int. dia.
Body
Weight

cm3
mm
height mm
approx. kg

ASTM, AASHTO, CNR models
Standard Proctor

mould

33-T0071
Modified Proctor

mould

33-T0073
Split modified

Proctor mould ASTM
33-T0070

ASTM D558, D698,


D1557 - AASHTO T99,
T134, T180 - CNR N69
ASTM D698, D1557
AASHTO T99, T180
CNR N69
/

944

101.6

116.4

2124

152.4

116.4

2124

152.4

116.4

9.5

NF P94-093
NF P94-093

944
944

101.6
101.6

116.4
116.4

7
7.5

NF P94-093
NF P98-231-1
NF P94-093
NF P98-231-1

2758

152

152

2758

152

152

10

NLT-108/91

2320

152.4

127

10

UNE 103-500

1000

102

122.4

NLT-108/91
UNE-103-500

2320
1000

152,4
102

127
122,4

11
8

BS 1377:4, 1924:2

1000

105

115.5

NF models
Standard Proctor mould
Split standard

Proctor mould
34-T0089
Modified Proctor

mould
34-T0089/1
Split modified

Proctor mould
NLT UNE models
33-T0070
33-T0072

33-T0071/C

33-T0070/C

33-T0071/C3
33-T0070/C3
model
BS
33-T0070/B

Modified
Proctor mould, NLT
UNE Standard
compaction mould
Modified split mould
Standard split mould
BS Standard
compaction mould

Proctor rammers

sCode

Description
Standards
Rammer
Free fall
Rammer
Weight

mm dia. height mm
weight kg
approx. kg


ASTM,
AASHTO, CNR models
Proctor Standard

compaction rammer

33-T0076
Modified compaction

rammer
33-T0075

ASTM D558, D698, D1557


50.8
AASHTO T99, T134, T180
CNR N69
ASTM D698, D1557
50.8
AASHTO T99, T180, CNR N69

305

2.49

457.2

4.54

5.3

NF models
33-T0075

33-T0076

Proctor Standard
compaction rammer
NF modified
compaction rammer

NF P94-078, P94-093
NF P98-231-1
NF P94-093, P94-078

50.8

305

2.49

50.8

457

4.535

5.3

Proctor Standard
compaction rammer
NLT modified
compaction rammer

UNE 103-500

50.8

305

2.49

NLT-108/91

50.8

457

4.535

5.3

BS Standard
compaction rammer
BS modified
compaction rammer

BS 1377:4, 1924:2

50

300

2.5

BS 1377:4, 1924:2

50

450

4.5

5.3

NLT UNE models


33-T0075

33-T0076


BS models

33-T0075/B

33-T0076/B

Testing equipment for the construction industry

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33

Compacted road base and subbase soils

Moisture/ Density relationship. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Automatic Proctor/CBR compactors

Compacto 33-T8500 Series


Automatic Proctor/CBR
compactors
Introduction
This new and advanced digital model can
be supplied in two versions:
Standard models 33-T8502 (230 V, 50
Hz, 1 ph.), 33-T8503 (220 V, 60 Hz, 1 ph.),
33-T8504 (110 V, 60 Hz, 1 ph.)
Programmable model 33-T8532 (230 V,
50 Hz, 1 ph.)
The two versions are identical except for
the digital control: the standard model is
factory programmed to perform all standard compaction conforming American
ASTM/AASHTO and European EN, BS, NLT
whilst the programmable model can also
be set to suit special compaction cycles
for research purposes and can perform the
central compaction blows in the 6 (150
mm) dia. moulds conforming the French NF
and the Dutch RAV standards.
The 33-T8502, 33-T8503, and
33-T8504 compactors do not include
the internal rammer, which has to
be ordered separately conforming the
selected standards.
All models can be supplied complete with
noise reduction cabinet (See Upgrading
option code 33-T8500/XUP).

q STANDARD
EN 13286-2, -47

CNR UNI 10009 - CNR 69 - ASTM D698,


D1557, ASTM D1883 - AASHTO T 99, T 180,
T 193 - BS 1377:4, 1990 - NF P94-093(2) NLT 107/91, 108/91, 111/87 - DIN 18127(1)
- RAV 2000(2)

(1) Conforming to DIN, 100 mm dia. moulds only


(2) With models 33-T8532 only
Standard models

M 33-T8502
Digital automatic Proctor/CBR compactor (without rammer).
230 V, 50 Hz, 1 ph.
M 33-T8503
Digital automatic Proctor/CBR compactor (without rammer).
220 V, 60 Hz, 1 ph.
M 33-T8504
Digital automatic Proctor/CBR compactor (without rammer).
110 V, 60 Hz, 1 ph.

136

Technical specifications
Usable for moulds diameter: from 100
to 102 and from 150 to 152.4 mm
Selectable rammer drop: 300, 305, 450,
457 mm (adjustable)
Blow rate: 30 blows/min
Power: 740 W
B Overall dimensions:
490x340x1410 mm
A Weight approx.: 150 kg

Main features
- Automatic control
- Compaction cycles conforming to EN
ASTM, AASHTO, BS, NLT, CNR-UNI
- User defined compaction sequence
- Protection guards for operator safety
(CE)
- Noise reduction cabinet available
- Digital touch button console
- Unique hammer lifting device to guarantee correct drop height
- Easy use and maintenance
- Modern and reliable design to ensure
long working life
- Compaction energies and distribution in
accordance with standards

33-T8502, 33-T8503, 33-T8504. Detail of the


control panel. The display counts the number
of blows selected by the operator, the number
of layers and the diameter of mould. An emergency stop button is included as standard

N O T E

a) The 33-T8502, T8503, and T8504 compactors have to be completed with the suitable rammer conforming to the selected
standards. See compaction rammers.
b) All compactors can be supplied fitted
in the noise reduction cabinet
(See Upgrading option code
33-T8500/XUP).

33-T8502, 33-T8503, 33-T8504 models

Compaction rammers

sCode

Description
Standards

33-T8500/1
Hammer for 33-T8500 Series
ASTM D698, D1557, D1883

Automatic compactors, 50.8 mm dia.,

2495/4535 g weight

33-T8500/2
Hammer for 33-T8500 Series

Automatic compactors, 50 mm dia.,

2491/4535 g weight


Testing equipment for the construction industry

AASHTO T99, T180, T193


CNR UNI 10009
CNR 69
EN 13286-2, -47
BS 1377:4, 1990
NF P94-093
NLT 107/91, 108/91, 111/87
DIN 18127
RAV 2000

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moisture/ Density relationship

33

Automatic Proctor/CBR compactors (continued)

Programmable model

Upgrading options:
Noise reduction
and safety cabinets

M 33-T8532
Digital programmable automatic
Proctor/CBR compactor.
Complete with rammer 50 mm dia.
2491/4535 g weight. 230 V, 50 Hz, 1 ph.

M 33-T8500/XUP
Noise reduction and safety cabinet
for Compacto 33-T8500 and
33-T8600 Series automatic compactors

General description
This research model is substantially similar to the standard model except for the
more sophisticated compaction technique,
which features all methods of the standard
models plus the performance of the central blow prescribed by the French NF and
Dutch RAV standards. At the start of the
test cycle the operator selects the Standard
(ASTM, NF, etc.) and the mould size and the
test automatically proceeds. The display
shows the current state of the test in real
time. The end of each layer compaction is
indicated by a visual and acoustic signal.

33-T8532. Detail of the hand held control


panel. The user-friendly software is set out in
an easy to follow logical sequence through
each stage of the compaction. The end of each
compaction stage is indicated by a visual and
acoustic signal

Extra features of the 33-T8532 programmable model


- User defined compaction sequence for
research work
- Microprocessor controlled
- Hand held digital control panel
- Display in English, French, German,
Spanish, and Italian
- Central blow conforming to NF and
RAV standards

General description
All compactors can be supplied complete
with the above cabinet, which is essential
for use in the laboratory conforming to
the CE prescriptions. Selecting this option,
the compactor is supplied without safety
guards, the control panel is fitted externally and the safety switch fitted to the
cabinet door.
The complete arrangement (compactor and
cabinet) has to be factory installed. When
ordering the compactor, code number has
to be followed by the code of this option.
Example: compactor model 33-T8502 plus
upgrading option Noise reduction and
safety cabinet 33-T8500/XUP.
B Overall dimensions:

820x820x2165 mm

A Weight (cabinet only): 180 kg


33-T8532. Detail of the large 240x128 pixel


display. The displayed information can be preset in English, French, German, Spanish and
Italian. The above are just some of various
possibilities that the system offers

approx.

Automatic compactor fitted in noise reduction


cabinet

33-T8532 model

Testing equipment for the construction industry

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33

Compacted road base and subbase soils

Moisture/ Density relationship. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Automatic Proctor/CBR compactors (continued)

Compacto 33-T8500 series (all models).


Distribution of drop pattern.

Mould
101.6 105 mm

Mould
150 152.4 mm

Compacto 33-T8532. Distribution by central blow


required by NF and selectable by software.

Mould
101.5 mm

33-T8500 Series with CBR mould. View with open doors. Closing the doors all moving parts are
shielded and micro switches prevent operation with the doors open. This design makes maintenance extremely easy. The upper frame housing the rammer mechanism moves automatically angularly
for the total surface compaction of the 150152.4 mm dia. (6) moulded specimens. The rammer
pick-up has a cam system for accurate height release and is made of highly resistant material for
trouble free long life. The rammer portion is moved across the sample surface by a cogged gear
whilst the mould rotates on the lower table

138

Testing equipment for the construction industry

Mould
152 mm

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moisture/ Density relationship

33

Automatic compactors (continued)

COMPACTO 33-T8600 Series

Automatic Proctor/CBR(1) Compactor

q STANDARD
Conforming to:
ASTM D698, D1557
AASHTO T99, T180, T193(1)
BS 1377:4, 1990(2)
NLT 107/91, 108/91, 111/87

(1) Conforming to AASHTO T193 only


(2) For 100 mm dia. moulds only

Technical specifications
Diameter of moulds that can be used:
from 100 to 102 mm and from 150 to
152.4 mm
Selection of hammer drop height:
300, 305, 450, 457 mm
Drop frequency: 30 blows/min
Power: 900 W approx.
B Dimensions: 521x403x1438 mm
A Weight approx.: 140 kg

Main features
- Automatic control
- Protection guards for operator
safety (CE)
- Noise reduction cabinet version
available
- Digital touch button console
- Unique hammer lifting device
to guarantee correct drop height
- Easy use and maintenance
- Modern and reliable design features to
ensure long working life

Available models

M 33-T8612
Automatic Proctor/CBR digital
compactor conforming to ASTM/
AASHTO, complete with CE protection. 230 V, 50 Hz, 1 ph.
M 33-T8613
Same as above but 220 V, 60 Hz, 1 ph.
M 33-T8614
Same as above but 110 V, 60 Hz, 1 ph.
General description and specifications
Automatic compactors allow uniform and
correct compaction of Proctor and CBR (1)
samples. All moving parts, the hammerlifting device and the rotating mould table
are fitted with safety guards that, if open,
stop the machine automatically for operator safety.
The operator can easily select, by the control panel, the number of drops in conformity with the reference standard, or user
defined. The compactor is provided with a
2495/4535 g hammer with double interchangeable tip (50.8 mm circular face, for
4 moulds, and sector face, for 6 moulds),
conforming to ASTM/AASHTO standards
but it is possible to convert the 33-T8612
to, EN BS and NLT standards (only for 100
mm moulds) simply by changing the hammer (33-T8500/2 see page 136) and the
drop height.
The compactor can be used with all 4 and
6 Controls moulds, and the use of other
make is also possible, with a simple modification of the mould base to fit the table of
the compactor.
All models can be supplied complete with
noise reduction cabinet. See upgrading
option code 33-T8500/XUP on page 137

33-T8612 with CBR mould. Shown with protection guards open. Maintenance and use operations are very simple. When guard doors are
opened the machine stops automatically

33-T8612

Detail of the mechanical rammer sector face


with the interchangeable circular face to compact both 6 and 4 dia. moulds

Control panel of the Automatic Compactor


33-T8612. The display counts the number of
blows conforming to the select standard.

Testing equipment for the construction industry

139

33

Compacted road base and subbase soils

Moisture/ Density relationship. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Vibration compaction hammer / Compressive strenght of Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures

Vibration compaction hammer

- New EN
- also conforming to BS 1377:4

q STANDARD
EN 13286-4

BS 1377:4-3.7, 1924:2

M 33-T8700
Vibrating hammer.
230 V, 50 Hz, 1 ph.
General description and specifications
Used for the compaction of Proctor and
CBR soil specimens. Using the appropriate
tamping foot it can also be used for compacting asphalt in the percentage refusal
density test (see page 391). Double insulated motor, plastic trigger handle.
Power: 750 W
Length: 445 mm
B Overall dimensions (wxlxh):
104x430x270 mm
A Weight approx.: 7 kg

The hammer is supplied without support


frame and tamper which have to be ordered separately.

Accessories

s33-T0087/A Supporting frame

for vibrating hammer. Weight 70 kg


approx.

s33-T0087/6 Tamping foot


102 mmdia.

s33-T0087/7 CBR tamping foot 145


mm dia. Weight 2.1 kg

33-T8700 with 33-T0087/7 and 33-T0087/8

33-T8700 with 33-T0087/A, and 33-T0087/7,


33-T0087/8 and mould

Unbound and hydraulically


bound mixtures
Determination of compressive strength

q STANDARD
EN 13286-41, 12390-4

The compression test on soil-cement mixtures cylindrical specimens can be performed


with compression testing machines normally used for cement or concrete testing
depending on the expected strength. The
following machines should be suitable to
perform the test. Further description and
technical information are given on pages
325 and 334 .

65-L1232/C Compression testing


machine 250 kN cap.

s33-T0087/8 Shank 300 mm long

70-S16C2 Compression testing


machine 250 kN cap. complete with
86-D2999 PCcabinet

140

Testing equipment for the construction industry

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moisture/ Density relationship

33

CBR mould and accessories

mould and accessories: EN 13286-4, BS 1377:4, 1924:2 version

(1)

sCode

Description
Weight approx. (kg)

34-T0090/B1
CBR mould body, plated steel, with both ends threaded to fit the base
3

or collar. 152 mm ID. x 127 mm high
34-T0090/B2
Extension collar. 152 mm IDx 50 mm high
1
34-T0090/B3
Perforated base plate
1.8
34-T0090/B4
Solid base or top plate
1.8
34-T0090/B5
Cutting collar
1
34-T0090/B6
C spanner. To mount and to dismount the collar from the mould body.
1

Two are required for the operation
34-T0090/B7
Tool for base plate. To remove or mount the solid or perforated
1

base plate from the mould
34-T0091/B
Compaction plug with handle. 150 mm dia. x 50 mm high
7.2
34-T0094/B
Annular surcharge weight, 2 kg
2
34-T0095/B
Split surcharge weight, 2 kg
2
34-T0095/C
Tamping bar. 12.7 mm dia. x 380 mm long
0.4
86-D1800
Whatman filter paper or correspondent No. 1x150 mm dia. Pack of 100
/
34-T0099
Straightedge. 3x30x300 mm
0.3
82-D1694
Steel rule, 500 mm long
/
16-T0080*
Universal Proctor/CBR/Marshall extruder
25
* See description on page 46
(1)
For ASTM. AASHTO. NF, UNE and UNI versions see pages 144 and 145

34-T0091/B
34-T0090/B1

34-T0090/B2
34-T0090/B5

34-T0090/B3
34-T0090/B4
34-T0094/B

34-T0090/B7

34-T0090/B6
34-T0095/B

Testing equipment for the construction industry

141

33

Compacted road base and subbase soils

Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures . . . . . . . .


Relative density of cohesionless soil

Vibrating table

ASTM version

EN version

ASTM D4253, 4254

q STANDARD

q STANDARD
EN 13286-5

M 33-T0063/A
EN Relative density test.
230 V, 50 Hz, 1 ph.
This method covers the determination of
the maximum dry density and water content of cohesionless materials when compacted using a vibrating table.
Materials for which this method is applicable may contain up to 12% by mass fines
(< 0.063 mm). The maximum particle size
of the materials to be tested is 80 mm. This
method applies to mixtures to be used in
road construction.
The test set comprises:

s33-T0063/1 Vibrating table having the


following specifications:
- Vibration frequency: 3600 r.p.m.
- Amplitude range: 0.05 to 0.64 mm
(0.002 to 0.025 in.)
- Vibrator type: electromagnetic
- Separate amplitude control panel
- Table dimensions: 762x762 mm (30x30
in.)
- Table capacity: 250 kg

s33-T0063/3 14200 cm
mould set

M 33-T0063
ASTM Relative density set.
230 V, 50 Hz, 1 ph.

s33-T0063/1

Vibrating table. 230 V, 50 Hz, 1 ph.


Weight: 180 kg approx. or

s33-T0063/1Z

Vibrating table. 110 V, 60 Hz, 1 ph.


Weight: 180 kg approx. or

M 33-T0063/Z
Same as above but 110 V, 60 Hz, 1 ph.

s33-T0063/1Y

M 33-T0063/Y
Same as above but 220 V, 60 Hz, 1 ph.

s33-T0063/2

Used for the determination of the relative density of cohesionless soil for which
impact compaction will not produce a
well defined moisture-density relationship
curve and where the maximum density by
the impact method will generally be less
than by vibratory method.

s33-T0063/3

General specifications
Same as the 33-T0063/A EN version except
for the complete set which also comprises
the 0.1 cm. ft. mould and the set of two
pouring devices.

(0.5 cu. ft.)

s33-T0063/4 Relative density gauge set


s33-T0063/5 25 mm pouring device

A Total weight approx.: 289 kg approx.

33-T0063

33-T0063/7

142

The set comprises:

Testing equipment for the construction industry

Vibrating table. 220 V, 60 Hz, 1 ph.


Weight: 180 kg approx.
0.1 cu. ft. relative density mould set
Weight: 37 kg approx.
0.5 cu. ft. relative density mould set
Weight: 106 kg approx.

s33-T0063/4

Relative density gauge set


Weight: 2 kg approx.

s33-T0063/7

Set of two pouring devices,


12.5 and 25 mm dia.
Weight 1.5 kg approx.
Each part can be ordered individually.

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures

33

Compactability/ Proctor penetrometers

Determination of compactability.
Moisture condition value. MCV
Moisture condition
and chalk crushing value

q STANDARD
EN 13286-46

BS 1377, TRL approved

M 33-T0064
Moisture condition apparatus
Used in the assessment of earthworks for
construction by comparison of compaction characteristics at various moisture
contents, to determine Moisture condition value and Chalk crushing value. A
robust apparatus designed for use in the
construction laboratory and incorporating
rammer, scale, counter, and mould.

A Weight approx.: 55 kg

33-T0165

Compaction penetrometers
q STANDARD
ASTM D1558

Accessories

s33-T0064/2 Fibre discs. Pack of 6

M 33-T0165
Proctor penetrometer
Used for establishing the moisture-penetration resistance relationship of fine-grained soil.

33-T0166

Spring type model


Load scale: 0-55 kg, 1 kg subdiv. with
max. load indicator
Diameter of interchangeable needles:
28.55, 24.79, 20.22, 16.54, 12.83, 9.07,
6.40, 5.23, and 4.52 mm
Supplied in a wooden carrying case
A Weight approx.: 3.5 kg

M 33-T0166
Load ring penetrometer

33-T0064

Used for measuring the bearing strength


and compaction degree of soils. The apparatus consists of a T shaped handle connected to a load ring 1 kN (100 kgf) cap.,
with max. load pointer and of an extension
rod with five 100 mm graduations. The 30
degree end cone has 645 mm2 area (1 sq.
in.). Supplied complete with calibration
chart.

A Weight approx.: 4 kg
Testing equipment for the construction industry

143

34

Compacted road base and subbase soils

California Bearing Ratio (CBR). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


CBR equipment

California Bearing Ratio - CBR


This method is used for the laboratory evaluation of subgrade and subbase coarse materials in road construction. The apparatus comprises
moulds with accessories, compaction rammers (the automatic models are the same used for the compaction of Proctor moulds - see
Compacto 33-T8500 and T8600 Series pages 136 to 139) loading testing machines with accessories, etc. Different models are available
conforming to the various specifications in use.
EN version: Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures EN 13286-47

sCode

Description
Weight approx. (kg)

33-T0071/E
Large Proctor / CBR mould
8.9
33-T0071/1
Perforated base plate
1
34-T0094/E
Annular surcharge
2
34-T0099
Straight edge
0.3

EN version

ASTM D1883 AASHTO T 193 UNE 103-502 CNR UNI 10009

sCode

Description
Weight approx. (kg)

34-T0090
CBR mould complete with collar and perforated base plate.
7.8

Plated steel, 6 in. (152.4 mm) dia. x 7 in. (177.8 mm) body height
34-T0090/1
Split CBR mould complete with collar and perforated base plate.

Same dimension of 34-T0090. Split longitudinally on one side to

permit easy withdrawal of sample
8.5
34-T0090/3
Filter screen. Stainless steel woven mesh, No. 100 (150 m),

144 mm dia.
/
34-T0091

34-T0091/1
34-T0094
34-T0095
34-T0096

Spacer disc with T handle.

34-T0098
34-T0099
34-T0097
86-D1801

Cutting edge
Straight edge. 3x30x300 mm
Solid CBR base
Whatman filter paper. No. 5x150 mm dia. Pack of 100

34-T0091

515/ in. dia. (150.8 mm) x 2.416 in. (61.4 mm) high

7.5

16

Spacer disc conforming to UNE standards


Annular surcharge weight, 2.27 kg
Slotted surcharge weight, 2.27 kg
Sliding weight rammer. Rammer face 2 in. (50.8 mm) dia.

7.5

2.27
2.27

free fall height 18 in. (457.2 mm), sliding weight 10 lb. (4.54 kg)

34-T0090
34-T0098

34-T0089
34-T0098

8
0.5
0.3
1
/

34-T0091/1

34-T0094

34-T0094/F
34-T0097

34-T0099

34-T0095

ASTM, AASHTO, UNE, UNI, CNR version

144

Testing equipment for the construction industry

NF version

34-T0095/F
34-T0099
34-T0096

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . California Bearing Ratio (CBR)

34

CBR equipment (continued)

NF French version, NF P94-078, P94-093, P98-231-1


Description
Weight approx. (kg)
sCode

34-T0089
NF CBR mould. 2758 cm3 cap., complete
9

with collar and perforated base plate.

152 mm ID x 152 mm body height.

Plated steel
34-T0089/1
Split NF CBR mould, dimension as above
9
34-T0091/1
Spacer disc with handle.
4.5

151 mm dia. x 36 mm high
34-T0091/F
Spacer disc 25.4 mm high
3.8
34-T0094/F
Annular surcharge weight, 2.3 kg
2.3
34-T0095/F
Split surcharge weight, 2.3 kg
2.3
34-T0098
Cutting edge
0.5
34-T0099
Straightedge. 3x30x300 mm
0.3

34-T0090/1, 34-T0089/1

BS Version, BS 1377:4, 1924:2

sCode

Description
Weight approx. (kg)

34-T0090/B1
CBR mould body, plated steel, with both ends threaded to fit the base
3

or collar. 152 mm ID. x 127 mm high
34-T0090/B2
Extension collar. 152 mm IDx 50 mm high
1
34-T0090/B3
Perforated base plate
1.8
34-T0090/B4
Solid base or top plate
1.8
34-T0090/B5
Cutting collar
1
34-T0090/B6
C spanner. To mount and to dismount the collar from the mould body.
1

Two are required for the operation
34-T0090/B7
Tool for base plate. To remove or mount the solid or perforated base plate from the mould
1
34-T0091/B
Compaction plug with handle. 150 mm dia. x 50 mm high
7.2
34-T0094/B
Annular surcharge weight, 2 kg
2
34-T0095/B
Split surcharge weight, 2 kg
2
34-T0095/C
Tamping bar. 12.7 mm dia. x 380 mm long
0.4
86-D1800
Whatman filter paper or correspondent No. 1x150 mm dia. Pack of 100
/
34-T0099
Straightedge. 3x30x300 mm
0.3
82-D1694
Steel rule, 500 mm long
/
16-T0080*
Universal Proctor/CBR/Marshall extruder
25
* See description on page 46

34-T0090/B1

34-T0091/B
34-T0090/B2
34-T0090/B5

34-T0090/B3
34-T90/B4

34-T0094/B

34-T0090/B7
34-T0090/B6
34-T0095/B
BS version

Testing equipment for the construction industry

145

34

Compacted road base and subbase soils

California Bearing Ratio (CBR)


Immediate Bearing Index (IBI). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CBR equipment (continued)
Swell test apparatus

Accessories

CBR Loading frames and presses

M 34-T0092
Perforated plate with adjustable
stem (swell plate)

s82-D1256 Dial gauge 25 mm range,

q STANDARD

M 34-T0092/F
Same as above conforming to NF
standards
Placed on top of the soil sample to enable monitoring of swelling. Manufactured
from plated steel except disc of 34-T0092/F
in plastic with 3 mm dia. holes.
B Diameter: 34-T0092: 149.2 mm

(5 7/ in.); 34-T0092/F: 150 mm


A Weight approx.:
34-T0092: 1 kg; 34-T0092/F: 0.3 kg
8

0.01 mm subdiv. or

s82-D1255 Dial gauge 10 mm range,


0.01 mm subdiv.

ASTM D1883
AASHTO T193

Introduction
M 34-T0100/B
Large soaking tank
In this plastic water tank the CBR moulds
are immersed during the swelling test.
Supplied complete with supporting base,
which allows free water circulation.
Capacity: 6 CBR moulds
B Dimensions:

- ex. 800x600x550 mm
- in. 680x490x540 mm
A Weight approx.: 9.1 kg

34-T0093 with 82-D1255, 34-T0092

M 34-T0093
Dial gauge tripod
Used to support the dial gauge for monitoring the swelling of CBR samples. Made
from a special non-corrodable alloy.

A Weight approx.: 0.3 kg

34-T0100/B with CBR moulds

146

EN 13286-47

Testing equipment for the construction industry

The CBR penetration test can be


performed with different testing
machines:
- Specific model 34-T0106 Series,
single speed
- Multispeed testing machine also
used to perform other tests (e.g.
Marshall test), 34-T0107 Series
(see page 150)
- Universal Uniframe tester working either in speed or load control 70-T0108/E Series (see page
354)
- Universal
high
capacity
Multiensayo tester 70-S16C2
and 70-S17C2 Series (see page
334)
All the above have to be completed
by the suitable accessories, which
may change conforming to the standard in use and the level of sophistication preferred.
For instance, the specific model
Series 34-T0106 can be equipped
either with a standard load ring and
dial gauge or with an electronic load
cell, displacement transducer, digital
data acquisition and software for PC
connection.
Finally, to simplify your selection
we propose the above model complete with CBR accessories in the
analogic version (see 34-T0106/A)
and the frame only 34-T0106 to be
completed with standard or digital
accessories. Hand operated models
for field use are also available (see
page 154).

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . California Bearing Ratio (CBR)


Immediate Bearing Index (IBI)

34

CBR Loading presses (continued)

CBR Loading frame

General description

Specifications

(Continued)

The machine features a rigid two-column


frame with upper crossbeam, which can be
adjusted in height and locked in position
with locknuts. The drive force is provided
by a mechanical jack housed in the base
cabinet, which also accommodates the
motor and the electric panel.
As specified, the 34-T0106/A version include all accessories to perform the test: 50
kN loading ring, adjustable penetration
piston and gauge.

Maximum load: 50 kN
Test speed: 1.27 mm/min
Max. ram travel: 120 mm
Horizontal span: 270 mm
Power rating: 300 W
B Dimensions (dxwxh):
392x495x1194 mm
A Weight approx.: 78 kg

M 34-T0106/A
CBR mechanical loading press,
50 kN cap., testing speed 1.27 mm/
min. Complete with 50 kN Loading
ring, adjustable penetration piston
and gauge. 230 V, 50 Hz, 1 ph.(1)
M 34-T0106
CBR mechanical loading frame,
50 kN cap., testing speed
1.27 mm/min. Frame only.
230 V, 50 Hz, 1 ph.(1)

(1) For 220 V, 60 Hz models add the suffix


/Y after the code number (e.g. 34-T0106/Y);
for 110 V, 60 Hz models add the suffix /Z
after the code num

34-T0106/A with CBR mould

34-T0106 series in Digital configuration.


The 34-T0106 frame can be equipped with a set of accessories to perform the test in digital mode.
The system shall include the 34-T0107/CBR test set and the 76-Q0802/C Digimax Plus data acquisition and processing system, two channel version (also suitable for Marshall test), fully described on
page151

Testing equipment for the construction industry

147

34

Compacted road base and subbase soils

California Bearing Ratio (CBR)


Immediate Bearing Index (IBI). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CBR loading presses (continued)
CBR ACCESSORIES
For the analogic configuration.
As specified, the 34-T0106 frame only, can
be completed by the standard CBR accessories 34-T0103/3 Penetration assembly
and by the 82-T1009 load ring which are
however all included in the 34-T0106/A
model but are listed here for possible use
with others frames.

M 34-T0103/3
CBR penetration assembly including
34-T0103/1 Adjustable penetration
piston, 34-T0104/81 Dial gauge
holder, and 82-D1257 Dial gauge
The piston, 49.6 mm dia. with hardened
surface is fitted with a locking collar and
a threaded extension for the connection to
the load ring. The dial gauge holder can be
easily laterally adjusted to fit any type of
moulds or reference anvil.

A Weight approx.: 2.8 kg

CBR TEST SET

for the digital configuration

M 34-T0107/CBR

Test set to perform the CBR test in digital mode with the 34-T0107, 34-T0106
and 70-T0108 testers
Including:
Guide bracket
Load cell adapter
50 kN load cell
Connector load cell/accessory
Adjustable transducer holder
25 mm electronic displacement transducer
Adjustable penetration piston.

M 76-Q0802/C

Digimax Plus, dual channel digital


display and processing unit, suitable for
Marshall, CBR and other load/displacement tests. 230 V, 50-60 Hz, 1 ph.
For complete description see page 152

M 76-Q0802/CZ

Digimax Plus, dual channel digital


display and processing unit, suitable for
Marshall, CBR and other load/displacement tests. 110 V, 60 Hz, 1 ph.

M 82-S1001

PC software MS Windows for Marshall,


CBR and Indirect tensile testing
(Optional: for more information see page
152)
34-T0103/3 including:
34-T0103/1, T0104/7 and 82-D1257
(all assembly)
34-T0106 Frame only. To be completed with
analogic or digital CBR accessories

82-T1009

148

34-T0107/CBR

Testing equipment for the construction industry

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . California Bearing Ratio (CBR)


Immediate Bearing Index (IBI)

34

CBR Loading presses (continued)

CBR Accessories
for the digital configuration
(All included in the 34-T0107/CBR
set. Description by single item)

M 34-T0103/1
Adjustable CBR penetration piston

49.6 mm dia. with hardened surface.


Comprising a locking collar and a threaded
extension for the connection to the load
ring or to the load cell connector.

A Weight approx.: 2.2 kg


M 34-T0104/81
Adjustable transducer holder

82-S1001 Draft of CBR test software.

To fit the 34-T0103/1 Adjustable CBR penetration piston or compression device and to
hold the displacement transducer, which
can be adjusted conforming to the mould
or to the reference anvil.

M 82-P0375/C
Adapter to fit load cell

To connect the load cell with the ball


seating arrangement of the 34-T0103/10
guide bracket.

A Weight approx.: 0.5 kg


M 82-P0322
25 mm displacement transducer

A Weight approx.: 0.2 kg

Linear potentiometric transducer, 25 mm


travel, infinite resolution, accuracy
0.5%.

M 82-P0375
Load cell 50 kN cap.

A Weight approx.: 0.15 kg

Dimensions 82 mm dia. x 110 mm length.


M30x2 thread.

A Weight approx.: 4.45 kg


M 70-T0108/2
Connector load cell/accessory

A Weight approx.: 1.3 kg

76-Q0802/C

Testing equipment for the construction industry

149

34

Compacted road base and subbase soils

California Bearing Ratio (CBR). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Immediate Bearing Index (IBI)
CBR loading presses/ Multispeed
Multispeed tester
q STANDARD
CBR
EN 13286-47

ASTM D1883, BS 1377:4, NF P94-078,


UNI CNR 10009
Marshall
EN 12697-34

ASTM D1559, BS 598, NF P98-251,


DIN 1996, CNR No. 30

M 34-T0107
Multispeed compression tester 50
kN capacity, testing speeds adjustable from 0.1 to 51 mm/min.
Frame only. 230 V, 50-60 Hz, 1 ph.(1)

Specifications
Max. capacity: 50 kN
Testing speed range: infinitely variable
from 0.1 to 51 mm/min
Max. ram travel: 100 mm
Horizontal span: 380 mm
Max. vertical span:
800 mm (without accessories)
Power rating: 1100 W
B Dimensions approx.:
500x570x1300 mm (dxwxh)
A Weight approx.: 110 kg

N O T E

Using the Multispeed 34-T0107 for the


Marshall test too, to avoid accessories
duplication see page 383

General description
The machine features a very rigid twocolumn frame with the upper crossbeam,
which can be adjusted in height and locked
in position with locknuts. The base cabinet
houses the load jack, D.C. motor and electronic controls. The machine, which is suitable for wide range of tests such as CBR,
MARSHALL, QUICK TRIAXIAL, UNCONFINED,
SPLITTING TENSILE TESTS, etc. can be completed with accessories in the analogic and
digital version as shown in the pictures.
In the digital version, the load and displacement transducers have to be connected to the Digimax Plus 76-Q0802/C or
82-Q0806/C depending on the type of tests
to be performed. A limit cut-off switch
stops the machine at the maximum platen
travel.

- Ideal for Road Testing labs


- Suitable for CBR, Marshall and various
other tests
- Fully variable test speed from 0.1 to 51
mm/min
- High versatility: full range of accessories available
- Digital or analogic sensors
- Digital versions connectable to PC
- Various testing software available

34-T0107 with 34-T0107/CBR and 76-Q0802/C

(1) For the 110 V, 60 Hz model add the suffix /Z to the code (e.g. 34-T0107/Z).

34-T0107

150

Testing equipment for the construction industry

34-T0107 with 82-T1009, 34-T0103/3 and


mould conforming to ASTM and EN standards

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . California Bearing Ratio (CBR)


Immediate Bearing Index (IBI)

34

Multispeed/ CBR and Marshall accessories

Multispeed tester
(CONTINUED)

Accessories to perform the CBR and Marshall test

Introduction

Very often this machine is used for both CBR and Marshall tests. In order to speed up your
selection, we also propose complete set of accessories to perform the above tests either in
the analogic or digital mode. In the digital mode, the complete testing system: 34-T0107
tester plus the selected accessories, shall also include the Digimax Plus data acquisition and
processing system. This datalogger is available in two versions: 76-Q0802/C Digimax Plus,
three channels capacity for CBR and Marshall tests and 82-Q0806/C, six channels capacity
also suitable for Indirect tensile and Splitting tensile test (see page 418).

76-Q0802/C

CBR and Marshall test accessories for 34-T0107 Multispeed tester

Analogic mode
Code
82-T1009
34-T0103/3

Marshall

Code

CBR

Guide and ball seating attachment


30 kN load ring with stem brake
Compression device
Stability mould
Flow meter

34-T0103/10
82-T1007/F
34-T0104/10
76-B0033
76-B0034

Load
ring 50 kN cap.

CBR penetration assembly including
Adjustable penetration piston, Dial gauge
holder, and dial gauge 30x0.01 mm


For more information see page 148

For more information see page 381

Digital mode
Code
34-T0107/CBR

76-Q0802/C

CBR

Code

Marshall

Test set to perform the CBR test in digital


mode with the 34-T0107, 34-T0106 and
70-T0108 testers
Including:
- Guide bracket
- Load cell adapter
- 50 kN load cell
- Connector load cell/accessory
- Adjustable transducer holder
- 25 mm electronic displacement transducer
- Adjustable penetration piston.

76-B0033
34-T0107/MAR

Digimax Plus, dual channel digital display


and processing unit, suitable for CBR,
Marshall and other load displacement tests.
230 V, 50-60 Hz, 1 ph.

For more information see page 393

76-Q0802/C

Stability mould
Test set to perform the Marshall test in digital
mode with the 34-T0107 and 70-T0108 testers
Including:
- Guide bracket
- Load cell adapter
- 50 kN load cell
- Connector load cell/accessory
- Compression device extension
- Adjustable transducer holder
- 25 mm electronic displacement transducer
- Compression device
Digimax Plus, dual channel digital display
and processing unit, suitable for CBR,
Marshall and other load displacement tests.
230 V, 50-60 Hz, 1 ph.
For more information see page 393

Combined CBR and Marshall (to avoid duplication)


34-T0107/CM

76-B0033
76-Q0802/C
82-S1001

Test set to perform the CBR and Marshall test in digital mode with the 34-T0107 and 70-T0108 testers
Including:
- Guide bracket
- Load cell adapter
- 50 kN load cell
- Connector load cell/accessory
- Compression device extension
- Adjustable transducer holder
- 25 mm electronic displacement transducer
- Compression device
- Adjustable penetration piston
Stability mould
Digimax Plus, dual channel digital display and processing unit, suitable for CBR,
Marshall and other load displacement tests. 230 V, 50-60 Hz, 1 ph.
PC software MS Windows for CBR,Marshall and Indirect tensile testing.
(Optional. For more information see page 152)

Testing equipment for the construction industry

151

34

Compacted road base and subbase soils

California Bearing Ratio (CBR). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Immediate Bearing Index (IBI)
Data acquisition and processing
for 34-T0106 and 34-T0107 CBR testing machines

Introduction


The digital versions of the
above CBR machines include the
76-Q0802/C Digimax Plus system,
which is fully described below. The
digital version can be completed by the
82-S1001 software for use with PC.
M 76-Q0802/C
Digimax Plus, CBR/Marshall version
As specified in the general description, the
Multispeed 34-T0106 and the 34-T0107 can
be fitted with load cell and displacement
transducer connected to the Digimax Plus
data acquisition and processing system.
Load and penetration are displayed in real
time on the large graphic screen together
with the curve. The Digimax Plus can be
connected, by the RS 232 port, to a PC and
printer to provide, using the specific software (code 82-S1001), the calculation of
test parameters, the completion of the test
data (client name, weight and density of
the specimen) and the test certificate.
Hardware specifications
- Microprocessor Hitachi H8S 16 bit
- Chip clock calendar
- 8 KB large permanent memory to store
test data and results
- No. 2 RS 232 serial ports for connection
to PC and printer for real time transmission of data
- No. 2 analogic channels: one for strain
gauge transducer and one for linear
transducer
- Resolution of each channel: 130000
points
- Large graphic display 240x128 pixel
- No. 10 keys membrane keyboard: No. 4
of which interactive with the specific
software.
Firmware
- Simultaneous measurement of load and
displacement (Marshall test) or Indirect
tensile strength in Gpa
- Choice of language: English, French,
Spanish, German, and Italian
- Input of operator name
- Automatic or manual zeroing option.
Displacement reading taken only above
the pre-load input value and simultaneous display of load and displacement
(Marshall test)
- Simultaneous display of load, displacement, and graph option
- Permanent memory to store results

152

including date, time, test number, operator, test type, load and displacement,
and curves
- File management including test display,
print, test certificate to printer by the
dedicated serial port, downloading data
to PC by the RS 232 port, delete single
or all files
- Calibration function using different coefficient for the two channels.
82-S1001 test selection menu

M 82-S1001
PC software for CBR, Marshall, and
Indirect tensile test with 4 displacement transducers
General description
This program is written to run in MS
Windows for data acquisition, via a RS 232
serial port, from Controls instruments used
for Marshall, CBR and Indirect tensile tests
with 4 displacement transducers, producing the test certificates as shown in the
examples.
Compatible with Digimax Plus model
76-Q0802/C and 82-Q0806/C, Uniframe
model 70-T0108/A and 70-T0108/E
Graphical and numerical display of acquired data in real or deferred time
Input of descriptive data used to create a
test report
Saving and management of tests through
single files
Data export in MS Excel
Language selection between English, Italian,
French, and Spanish plus an extra language
that can be input by the user by translating
the various messages.

CBR test data Window

The minimum PC requirements are as follows:


Processor with clock 500 MHz or better
At least 200 Mb of free space on hard disk
256 Mb of RAM memory (recommended
512 or more)
CD-ROM Reader
1 free RS 232 port
Windows 2000 Professional or XP
Recommended MS Excel
Printer A4 format.

Testing equipment for the construction industry

Example of CBR test certificate after export to


Excel

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . California Bearing Ratio (CBR)


Immediate Bearing Index (IBI)

34

Universal testers suitable for CBR test (continued)

Uniframe
M 70-T0108/E
UNIFRAME, digital universal compression tester 50 kN cap. strain
controlled from 0.01 mm/min to 51
mm/min and load rate controlled
from 0.01 to 99.99 N/s. Frame only.
110-240 V, 50-60 Hz, 1 ph.

CBR test accessories

sCode

Description

34-T0103/10 Guide bracket and ball seating,
82-P0375/C
Connecting adapter load cell/crosshead
82-P0375
Strain gauge load cell 50 kN cap.
34-T0103/1
Adjustable CBR penetration piston
34-T0108/2
Connector load cell-accessory
(For detailed description see page 148 and 149)

The machine is fully described on Section


70, page 352

Multiensayo
Main features
- Load and displacement control by closed loop logic
- Two channel for load cells
- Two channel for displacement transducers
- Large graphic display 128x240 pixel
- Can store in memory up to 50 tests
- RS 232 port to download simultaneously to PC and printer
- Graphic display available in real time
- Unique low cost tester working on load
and/or displacement control
- Extensive range of accessories and
dedicated software packages available
- Built-in firmware for CBR, Marshall,
general load and displacement control
testing

70-T0108/E with accessories for CBR test

Universal electromechanical testers 200 and


300 kN cap., load, elongation and displacement controlled. The machines, available in
different versions, can be equipped to perform the CBR test. For more information
please see page 334

- Suitable for any compression test strain


and/or load controlled
- Ideal for testing wires and reinforcement bars in tension
- For testing cement, asphalt, plastics,
wood, etc. in compression, flexure,
shear

70-S16C2 with CBR accessories and 86-D2999 PCcabinet

Testing equipment for the construction industry

153

34

Compacted road base and subbase soils

CBR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Field CBR test sets/ Hand operated loading presses

Hand operated loading presses

Field CBR apparatus

q STANDARD

q STANDARD

ASTM D1883, AASHTO T193, CNR-UNI,


BS 1377:4, NF P94-078, UNI 10009

BS 1377:7, BS 1924:2, ASTM D4429,


UNI 10009, NF

M 34-T0114/A
CBR mechanical loading assembly,
40 kN capacity

M 34-T0115/A
Field CBR test set

This system is obtained by the assembly of


the conversion frame plus some components, which are part of the 34-T0115/A
field CBR test set.
This apparatus represents the most practical and economical solution when both
laboratory and in-situ CBR have to be
performed. The assembly comprises the
conversion frame 34-T0114, mechanical
jack 34-T0112, adapter 34-T0112/1, load
ring 82-T1008, 40 kN capacity, adjustable
penetration piston 34-T0103/1, penetration dial gauge 82-D1257 and adjustable
dial gauge holder 34-T0104/7.
Specifications

34-T0115/41 Datum bar assembly including two tripod stands and a 1220 mm
length aluminium bar. Weight 7 kg
82-D1257 Penetration dial gauge
30x0.01 mm graduation

Used for the in-situ determination of the


bearing capacity of soils used in road construction.
The complete set is housed in a strong
carrying case and includes:

34-T0115/5
9 kg slotted surcharge weight

34-T0112 50 kN capacity mechanical


jack. Weight 8.5 kg

34-T0115/7
4.5 kg annular surcharge weight

34-T0112/1 Ball seating for 34-T0112

A Weight approx.: 70 kg

82-T1008 40 kN capacity load ring.


Weight 4 kg
34-T0103/1 Adjustable CBR penetration
piston. Weight 2.2 kg
34-T0104/7 Adjustable dial gauge holder

Max. load: 40 kN
B Dimensions approx.:
360x240x1060 mm
A Weight approx.: 55 kg

34-T0114/A with CBR mould


34-T0115/A

154

34-T0115/3 Set of extension rods: 2x102


mm long; 1x305 mm long; 1x610 mm
long; 1x915 mm long; 2 adapters.
Total weight 33 kg

Testing equipment for the construction industry

34-T0115/6
4.5 kg slotted surcharge weight

Accessories

s34-T0115/9 Vehicle bracket. For


fixing loading jack to a vehicle

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CBR

34

Loading frames: accessories for Uniaxial and Unconfined compression tests

M 34-T0112
50 kN capacity mechanical jack
Used to perform in-situ CBR test, or to be
fitted to the 34-T0114 conversion frame
for laboratory tests. The body, which is
made from aluminium alloy, houses the
worm and wheel. The plunger can be adjusted in height by a quick release device and
the load can be easily applied by rotating
the handle.
B Total height: 254 mm

A Weight approx.: 8.5 kg

M 34-T0114
Conversion frame for laboratory
CBR test
Used to perform the laboratory CBR test
using part of the components of the 34T0115/A field CBR test set. Made of steel
protected against corrosion.
B Dimensions: 360x240x1060 mm

A Weight approx.: 26 kg

Loading frames accessories:


Uniaxial and Unconfined
compression tests
The load frames described in this catalogue
can be equipped with many accessories to
perform different tests and for connection
to PC for data acquisition and processing.
We describe as follows some of the most
important accessories.
Accessories to perform Uniaxial and
Unconfined compression tests using
34-T0114/A, 34-T0106, 34-T0107 and
70-T0108/E testing frames
Uniaxial compression test

M 34-T0104/3
Lower and upper compression platen with spherical seat for compression tests

Used to perform unconfined compression


tests on CBR and triaxial loading frames.
Consists of two platens made of plated
steel with a spherical seat fitted to the top
of the upper platen. Must be used with 34T0104/9 extension collar.
B Platen dia.: 120 mm

34-T0103/10
34-T0104/9
34-T0104/4
34-T0104/7
82-D1257

34-T0104/4 with 34-T0104/9, 34-T0104/7,


82-D1257, 82-T1001/F

Various

M 34-T0103/10
Guide bracket and ball seating
M 34-T0104/9
Extension collar

Used to connect the load ring to the upper


compression platen for compression and
unconfined test. Made of plated steel.

A Weight approx.: 4 kg

A Weight approx.: 300 g

Unconfined compression test

q STANDARD
ASTM D2166, AASHTO T208, BS 1337:7

M 34-T0104/4
Upper and lower compression platen
34-T0103/10

34-T1001/F

Used to perform compression tests on CBR


and triaxial loading frames. Consists of two
platens made of plated steel. The lower one
is fitted with an adjustable datum disc for
use with the dial gauge. Must be used with
34-T0104/9 extension collar.

34-T0104/3

B Platen dia.: 120 mm


34-T0104/3 with 34-T0103/10, 82-T1001/F,


34-T0104/9

A Weight approx.: 5 kg

M 34-T0104/7
Adjustable dial gauge holder
M 82-D1255
Dial gauge 10x0.01 mm
M 82-D1257
Dial gauge 30x0.01 mm
M 82-T1001/F
Load ring 1 kN capacity complete
with stem brake device to hold the
max. reading

Used as alternative to the 30 and 50 kN


models for uniaxial and unconfined tests.

Testing equipment for the construction industry

155

34

Compacted road base and subbase soils

Impact soil tester / . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Strength of stabilised soil
Impact soil tester

Determination of strength
of stabilised soil

M 34-T0168/B
Impact soil tester

Two versions available: EN/BS and NF.

Used to obtain an indication of the degree


of compaction of soil used in road construction. Results can be directly correlated
to the CBR test. The unique microprocessor
in this Soil Impact Tester automatically
checks all readings throughout the test
and displays the fourth reading as the
Impact Value. No calculation and no need
to record any readings other than the final
test result. An essential trench control
tool for all cable and pipe laying service
contractors.
- Battery operated (rechargeable)
- Graphic display 128x64 pixel
- Measuring range up to 102 IV (Impact
Value)
B Dimensions:
140x140x700 mm approx.
A Weight approx.: 6.5 kg

q STANDARD
EN 13286-53,

BS 1924:2, NF P98-

230-2

EN and BS version

M 34-T0123
Stabilised soil mould test for fine
and medium grained soils. Specimen
size 100x50 mm dia.
M 34-T0124
Stabilised soil mould test for
medium and coarse-grained soils.
Specimen size 200x100 mm dia.
Used to prepare specimens for determination of the Unconfined compressive
strength of fine and medium grained soils.
The EN/BS set comprises:
- Mould
- Set of two end plugs
- Set of two plug displacing collars
- Plunger
- Specimen collector.

34-T0123, 34-T0124

NF version (single items)

sCode

Description

34-T0123/10 Mould

dia. 50x50 mm high
34-T0123/11 Mould

dia. 50x100 mm high
34-T0123/12 End plug (two required)
34-T0123/13 Set of two displacing

collars 25 mm high
34-T0123/14 Set of two displacing

collars 12.5 mm high
34-T0123/15 Set of two displacing

collars 6 mm high
34-T0123/16 Plunger
34-T0123/17 Specimen collector

A Weight approx.:

10 kg (34-T0123) and 53 kg (34-T0124)

NF version

M 34-T0123/A
Stabilised soil mould test set for
fine and medium grained soils.
Specimen size 50x50 mm dia.
M 34-T0123/B
Stabilised soil mould test set for
medium and coarse-grained soils.
Specimen size 100x50 mm dia.

35-T0133

The sets consists of the following: mould


(50x50 or 50x100 mm), two end plugs,
two displacing collars 25 mm high, two
12.5 mm high, two 6 mm high, plunger
and specimen collector. Each item can be
ordered individually as proposed in the
following table.

34-T0168/B

156

Testing equipment for the construction industry

35-T0128, 35-T0129

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Field density

35

Sand replacement method

Sand replacement method-BS version

FIELD DENSITY

q STANDARD

Accessories


The verification of the
degree of compaction can be determinate on site by a simple procedure
consisting essentially in removing
and weighing a part of compacted
soil and replacing it in the hole
with sand by a simple apparatus
recording the volume of sand and
then calculating the density of the
removed soil. Two versions are available: BS and ASTM. The principle of
operation is the same but parts and
sizes are different.
Sand replacement method

ASTM, AASHTO, CNR, NF versions

q STANDARD
ASTM D1556, AASHTO T191, CNR No. 22
NF P94-061-3

Complete sets: double cone, 2 plastic


sand jar(1) 5 l cap. and metal tray
M 35-T0128
4 (101.6 mm) sand density cone
apparatus
M 35-T0129
6.5 (165.1 mm) sand density cone
apparatus

s35-T0127/1 Standard sand 0.4 2


mm, CNR No. 22
s35-T0130/8 Calibrating container,
6. For use with 35-T0129 apparatus.
Internal dia. 165 mm, depth 187 mm.
Weight approx. 5 kg

BS 1377:9, 1924:2

Complete sets: pouring cylinder, calibration container and metal tray.


M 35-T0125
100 mm sand replacement
complete set
M 35-T0125/A
150 mm sand replacement
complete set

M 35-T0133
12 (304.8 mm) sand density cone
apparatus
(1) Except the 12 model supplied with only
1 acrylic sand container
N O T E

In the 12, 35-T0133 model, the two cones


are connected by a valve with pouring
hole 25 mm dia. The clear plastic 15 litres
container is fitted to the cone with two
clamps. Supplied complete with 700 mm
dia. baseplate. This model is recommended
for gravel and coarse-grained soil.

M 35-T0126
200 mm sand replacement
complete set
Description and specifications
The sand pouring cylinder and calibration
can are made of cast aluminium and precisely machined.
The tray is made of plated sheet steel. Each
part can be ordered individually. See table.

Sand replacement set parts (ASTM, AASHTO, CNR versions)



sCode
sCode
Models (in./mm dia.)
4/101.6
6.5/165.1

Complete set

Weight approx. kg

Double cone
Plastic sand jar 5 l cap.
Metal base plate with
flanged (rimmed) hole

sCode
12/304.8

35-T0128

35-T0129

35-T0133

20

35-T1028/1
35-T0130/2
35-T0128/2

35-T0129/1
35-T0130/2
35-T0129/2

/
/
/

35-T0125, 35-T0125/A, 35-T0126

Sand replacement set parts (BS versions)



sCode
sCode
Models (mm dia.)
100
150

Complete set

Weight (kg)

Sand pouring cylinder

Weight (kg)

Calibration can

Weight (kg)

sCode
200

35-T0125

35-T0125/A

35-T0126

7.7

13

27.5

35-T0125/1

35-T0125/2

2.2

35-T0125/A1

7.5

35-T0125/A2

3.5

35-T0126/1

Accessories

s35-T0127 Standard sand 600/300


micron, 50 kg bag

16

35-T0126/2

8.5

Density tray

35-T0125/3

35-T0125/A3

35-T0126/3

Size (mm)
Weight (kg)

305x38
1.5

300x40
2

457x38
3
Testing equipment for the construction industry

157

35

Compacted road base and subbase soils

Field density . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Ballon method

Field density

(continued)


The principle of operation is
similar to the sand replacement but
the hole is filled by a rubber balloon
where water is pumped. The amount
of water can be easily determined
by the graduation of the cylinder
(model 35-T0131) or by the graduated stem (model 35-T0134 and
35-T0134/A) and then the density of
removed soil. Two versions are available: the ASTM - AASHTO - CNR
1.6 litre capacity (35-T0131) and
the NF version 3 and 6 litres capacity (35-T0134 and 35-T0134/A).

Balloon method: French version

q STANDARD
NF P94-061-2

M 35-T0134
3000 ml balloon density apparatus
For the determination of the in-situ density
of well bonded soil according to French
specifications. This method is similar to the
ASTM D2167 apparatus but with a capacity
of 3000 ml. A metal cylinder is filled with
water, which is then pumped into a rubber
membrane mounted on the base of the
cylinder. The water pressure is controlled
by a pressure gauge and the volume of
the balloon is measured on the graduated
piston stem. The apparatus is supplied
complete with base plate, 6 reinforced
membranes and 3 locking clamps.

A Weight approx.: 9.5 kg

Balloon method:

ASTM - AASHTO - CNR version

q STANDARD

35-T0134

Spare parts

s35-T0134/2

Spare reinforced 3000 ml membranes.


Pack of 6

ASTM D2167, AASHTO T205, CNR No. 22


methods

M 35-T0134/A
6000 ml balloon density apparatus

Similar as principle of operation and design


to the 35-T0134 model. Supplied complete
with base plate, 3 locking clamps and 6
reinfored membranes.

A Weight approx.: 11.5 kg


Spare parts

s35-T0134/A2

Spare 6000 ml reinforced membranes.


Pack of 6

M 35-T0131
Balloon density apparatus
Used to determine the in-situ density of
compacted or firmly bonded soils. The test
set consists of a graduated cylinder 1596
ml capacity housed inside an aluminium
guard, a reversible rubber aspirator pump,
a density plate 9 inches square, and 12
rubber balloons.

A Weight approx.: 6 kg
Spare parts

s35-T0131/4

Rubber balloons. Pack of 12


35-T0131

35-T0134/A

158

Testing equipment for the construction industry

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Field density

35

Surface soil samplers

Field density

(continued)

Surface soil sampler (core cutter)

Field density of undisturbed soil

method: BS version

In this method a sampling
tube is driven into the soil to take
a standard volume sample, which
is then removed, trimmed and weighed. Two different versions are
available: the ASTM/CNR and the BS
1377 apparatus.
Surface soil sampler (core cutter)

method: ASTM and CNR version

q STANDARD
ASTM D2937, CNR No. 22

M 35-T0135
Surface soil sampler
Used to take a standard volume sample
from the ground in order to establish the
in-situ density of the soil. The apparatus
consists of a 5 kg sliding weight drop
hammer, which falls freely onto the driving
head situated on top of the sampling tube.
The sampling tube is 73 mm ID x 66 mm
high and is the thin wall type. Produced in
steel and plated for corrosion protection.

A Weight approx.: 10 kg
Spare parts

s35-T0135/1 Spare thin wall sampling tube. 73 mm int. dia. x 66 mm


long. Minimum order: 6 pieces

M 35-T0164
Piston volumeter

q STANDARD
BS 1377:9

An easy to use pocket device very useful to


determine the in-situ density of undisturbed soil. A stainless steel tube is driven into
the soil and the volume is read on the stem
marked from 0 to 30 cm3 .

M 35-T0137
100 mm dia. core cutter set
M 35-T0138
150 mm dia. core cutter set

A Weight approx.: 0.5 kg

The core cutter is driven into the soil using


the driving rammer. Then the core cutter is
dug out, trimmed, weighed, and dried and
the density and moisture content calculated. Made of plated steel.
The set 35-T0137 includes:

s35-T0137/1 100 mm dia. x 130 mm


long core cutter. Weight 1 kg

s35-T0137/2 Driving dolly for 100 mm


dia. core cutter. Weight 1 kg

s35-T0137/3 Driving rammer for 100


mm dia. core cutter. Weight 13.5 kg
The set 35-T138 includes:

s35-T0138/1 150 mm dia. x 180 mm


long core cutter. Weight 4.5 kg

s35-T0138/2 Driving dolly for 150 mm


dia. core cutter. Weight 4 kg

s35-T0138/3 Driving rammer for 150


mm dia. core cutter. Weight 16 kg

A Weight approx.: 15.5 kg for 35-T0137


and 24.5 kg for 35-T0138

Field density tools


Used to dig, level and remove the soil
during the field density tests.

s35-T0140 Metal dibber. Weight 300 g


s35-T0141 Scraper. Weight 600 g
s35-T0142 Steel pointed rod. Weight 100 g
s35-T0143 Density spoon. Weight 150 g
s35-T0144 Rubber mallet 50 mm dia.

Weight 1 kg

s35-T0145

35-T0135

35-T0137

86-D1348

35-T0164

Hammer 300 g

s35-T0145/G Club hammer. Weight 2 kg


s35-T0146 Density pick. Weight 1 kg
s35-T0147 Chisel 300 mm long x 25 mm

wide. Weight 1 kg

s86-D1348

Lever lid tin 5 litres cap.

35-T0140, 35-T0141, 35-T0142, 35-T0143,


35-T0144, 35-T0146, 35-T0147

Testing equipment for the construction industry

159

35

Compacted road base and subbase soils

Bearing Capacity - Plate load testing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Plate bearing test apparatus, 50/100 kN capacity

Plate bearing test apparatus,


50/100 kN capacity

q STANDARD
ASTM D1194, D1195, D1196 BS 1377:9
CNR No. 92 and No. 146

Introduction
These test methods are used to estimate
the bearing capacity of a soil under field
loading conditions for a specific loading
plate and depth of embedment (ASTM
D1194) but also for load tests of soil and
flexible pavement components for use in
evaluation and design of airport and highway pavements (ASTM D1195, D1196 - BS
1377 - CNR No. 92 and No. 146 - DIN
18134).
General description
We propose different versions: 50/100 kN
and 200 kN capacity with plates 300 to
760 mm dia., with analogic or digital measuring system. The analogic models consist
essentially of the load plate (or plates),
the hydraulic jack with hand pump and
pressure gauge, the dial gauges and datum
bar assembly.
In the digital models, the pressure gauge is
replaced by a pressure transducer and the
three dial gauges by three displacement
transducers. Pressure and displacement
transducers are connected to the Datalog
82-P0908/A for data acquisition and processing. (see page 162)

50/100 kN models
Analogic versions
M 35-T1160(*)
Plate bearing test apparatus 50/100
kN capacity, 300 mm dia. plate, 1
dial gauge (CNR Version)
Also including 50 kN range pressure gauge,
hydraulic jack and datum bar assembly.

M 35-T1161(*)
Plate bearing test apparatus 50/100
kN capacity, 300 mm dia. plate, 3
dial gauges
Also including 50 kN range pressure gauge,
hydraulic jack and datum bar assembly.
*N O T E

These models are fitted with 50 kN pressure gauge as standard, but can also
be fitted with 100 kN capacity pressure
gauge, see accessories code 35-T1160/11.
Accessories

s35-T1160/11 Pressure gauge for

100 kN jack, range 0-100 kN, div. 0.5


kN

s35-T1160/49

Dial gauge 30x0.01


mm complete with support assembly

digital versions
M 35-T1161/E
Digital palte bearing test apparatus,
100 kN cap., 300 mm dia. plate.
Three linear displacement transducers
50 mm travel, pressure transducer fitted
to pump and Datalog 82-P0908/A data
logger for data acquisition and display.
230 V, 50 Hz, or 12 V DC with the
upgrading option 82-P0908/UP1. See
page 162

35-T1160 detail of dial gauge housing

200 kN models
Analogic versions
M 35-T1162
Plate bearing test apparatus 200
kN capacity, loading plates 300,
450, 600, and 760 mm dia., 3 dial
gauges
M 35-T1163
Plate bearing test apparatus 200 kN
capacity, 300 mm dia. plate, 3 dial
gauges

digital versions
M 35-T1162/E
Digital plate bearing test apparatus,
200 kN cap., 300, 450, 600 and
760 mm dia. plate
Three linear displacement transducers
50 mm travel, pressure transducer fitted to pump and Datalog data logger
for data acquisition and display. 230 V,
50 Hz, or 12 V DC with the upgrading
option 82-P0908/UP1. See page 162

35-T1160

35-T1161

35-T1162/E detail of displacement transducers


and data acquisition system

160

Testing equipment for the construction industry

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bearing Capacity - Plate load testing

35

Plate bearing test apparatus, 50/200 kN capacity

M 35-T1163/E
Digital plate bearing test apparatus,
200 kN cap., 300 mm dia. plate
Three linear displacement transducers
50 mm travel, pressure transducer fitted
to pump and Datalog data logger for
data acquisition and display.
230 V, 50 Hz, or 12 V DC with the
upgrading option 82-P0908/UP1. See
page 162

35-T1162

Code Cap. Plate(s)


35-T kN dia.

mm

Pressure
Dial
Displac.
Pressure Datum Datalogger
gauge
gauge
transduc.
transduc. bar m
range
dia. mm

Total Cases
weight dim. mm
approx (lxdxh)
kg

Standard


1160(2) 100 300

0-50 kN No. 1
/
/
2.5
/
70
x 0.25 kN 30x0.01
div., dia. mm
200 mm

Two cases
890x395x260
1450x440x165

CNR No. 146


method a

100 300


0-50 kN No. 3
/
/
2.5
/
260
x 0.25 kN 30x0.01
div., dia. mm
200 mm

Two cases
890x395x260
1450x440x165

CNR No. 146


method b
BS 1377:9

1161/E 100 300

No. 3
No. 1
2.5 82-P0908/A(3) 70
50x0.05 0-700
mm
bar

Two cases
890x395x260
1450x440x165

CNR No. 146


method b
BS 1377:9

300
450
600
760

0-200 kN No. 3
/
/
5.5
/
260
x 0.5 kN 30x0.01
div., dia. mm
200 mm

Three cases(4)
890x395x260
1450x440x165
2050x520x165

CNR No. 92
ASTM D1195
ASTM D1196

200 300


0-200 kN No. 3
/
/
2.5
/
75
x 0.5 kN 30x0.01
div., dia. mm
200 mm

Two cases
890x395x26
1450x440x165

CNR No. 146


method b
BS 1377:9

/
/
No. 3
No. 1
5.5 82-P0908/A(3) 260

450
50x0.05 0-700

600
mm
bar

760

1163/E 200 300
/
/
No. 3
No. 1
2.5 82-P0908/A(3) 75

50x0.05 0-700

mm
bar

Three cases(4)
890x395x260
1450x440x165
2050x520x165

CNR No. 92
ASTM D1195
ASTM D1196

Two cases
890x395x260
1450x440x165

CNR No. 146


method b
BS 1377:9




1161

/
/


1162

200



1163

1162/E 200 300

(2) The apparatus can be easily converted to CNR No. 146 method b requiring other two dial gauges and supports
(3) The Datalog 82-P0908/A is fully described on page 162
(4) Load plates 450, 600 and 760 mm are packed separately

Testing equipment for the construction industry

161

35

Compacted road base and subbase soils

Bearing Capacity - Plate load testing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


500 kN Pressure system/ Electronic instrumentation

500500
cap.
pressure
system
kNkn
cap.
pressure
system

Electronic instrumentation

for plate bearing test


M 35-T0116/33
500 kN capacity pressure system

M 82-P0908/A

Including hydraulic jack 500 kN capacity,


spherical seat, hand pump and pressure
gauge. This assembly can fit load plates,
datum bar dial gauges and electronic equipment listed below. Supplied complete
with wooden carrying case.

ph. or battery 12 V CC.

A Weight approx.: 40 kg
Load plates and measuring bridges

sCode

Dia. x thickness

35-T0116/22
35-T0116/23
35-T0116/24
35-T0116/25
35-T0116/271
35-T0116/39
35-T0116/41

300x25 mm
450x25 mm
600x25 mm
760x25 mm
300x25 mm
2,5 measuring bridge*
5,5 measuring bridge*

* with 3 dial gauge supports


(1)
For 35-T0116/33 500 kN apparatus

DATALOG 8 channels data acquisition


and storing unit. 110-240 V, 50-60 Hz, 1

General description and specifications


This advanced microprocessor apparatus
is part of the digital version of load plate.
It can operate at 12 V cc using a normal
battery (see upgrading option 82-P0908/
UP1) or mains. One channel is used for
the pressure transducer (load) and the
others for penetration measurements or
other purposes. The unit can be connected
to PC by the RS 232 port to process all
data by the 82-P0908/SOF software (see
accessories).

Main features
- 8 channels
- High stability of electric signals
- Individual electrical calibration of all
channels with trimmer correction of
slope (gain) and zero point
- Polynomial software calibration of all
channels assuring excellent precision of
the readings
- Large graphic display 128x64 pixel
- Data storage of readings and test parameters
- Multitasking operating way
- 4 languages: English, French, Italian,
and Spanish
- Software available for PC data acquisition and memory download
- 256 KB data memory
- 128 KB RAM memory
- RS 232 programmable serial output

B Dimensions: 295x260x150 mm

A Weight approx.: 1.7 kg


Accessories and upgrading option

s82-P0908/SOF Data soft software


and serial cable for connection to PC

s82-P0908/UP1 Battery operated


upgrading option allowing double
power supply 12 to 24 V battery and
mains. Includes car cigar lighter cable

82-P0908/A

M 82-P0172/A
Serial printer
Characteristics
Print method: impact with moving head
Font: matrix 5x8
Columns: 24
Paper width: 57.5 mm
Interface: serial RS 232
B Dimensions: 120x172x100 mm
A Weight approx.: 1 kg

35-T0116/33 less carrying case

Dial gauges

sCode

Description

82-D1259
82-D1257
82-D1255

Dial gauge 50x0.01 mm


Dial gauge 30x0.01 mm
Dial gauge 10x0.01 mm

Accessories

s82-P0172/1

Connection cable for RS 232

82-P0172/A

Electronic equipment

sCode

35-T0116/57

35-T0116/55

82-P0908/A

162

Description
Linear displacement
transducer, 50 mm travel
Pressure transducer,
0 700 bar
8 channels data
acquisition and
processing system

Testing equipment for the construction industry

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . Bearing Capacity/ Rolling load deflection

35

Plate bearing test apparatus, swiss method/ Modified Benkelman beam

Plate bearing test. Swiss method


q STANDARD
SNV 70312

M 35-T0121
Plate bearing test apparatus,
100 kN capacity, 300 mm dia.
loading plate
M 35-T0121/B
Plate bearing test apparatus,
200 kN capacity, 300 mm dia. loading plate

General description and specifications

Measurement of a rolling

The relatively lightweight and small dimensions of the apparatus make it very easy
to use and to move from one place to
another.
The measuring bridge made from aluminium alloy, is very light and has telescopic
extensions so it can be positioned in a few
minutes with minimum effort.
The remote load control and gauge are
mounted on the pump and it is not necessary to go near the platen for recording
the load.
The deformations are measured with three
dial indicators so it is possible to verify the
uniformity of deformation on 360.

load deflection by the


modified Benkelman beam

The main feature of this apparatus, which


is available in the 100 kN and 200 kN cap.
version, is the lightweight and practicality in use. Being the basic parameters
of this method identical to those of the
ASTM, BS, CNR, etc. standards, and the
typical Y measuring system well known
worldwide, it may be used instead of the
35-T1160-T1163 Series apparatus even if
the requirement are slightly different.

q STANDARD
NF P94-117

M 80-B0180/B
Bearing plate 600 mm dia. and
Benkelman beam test set apparatus
Used for the determination of the static
deformation of road pavement (EV2). The
apparatus consists of:

s80-B0180/B1 An aluminium bearing


plate 600 mm dia. with reinforcing ribs.
Weight 30 kg

s80-B0180/B2 A hydraulic jack 200 kN


capacity. Weight 10 kg

s80-B180/B3 An adjustable extension


set with spherical seated foot.
Weight 12 kg

s80-B0180/B4 A hand pump with precision dial gauge 150 mm dia. Calibrated
in bar (0 to 3.5) and in daN (0 to 10000).
Complete with connecting hose. Weight
11 kg

Light alloy bridge for ease of location

s80-B0180/B5 A carrying case for all

of the above items except for the bearing


plate 80-B0180/B1. Weight 10 kg

s80-B0180/A Benkelman beam apparatus. Weight 25 kg

s80-B0181 Wooden carrying case for


80-B0180

Note. All parts can be ordered separately.

A Total weight approx.: 100 kg

35-T0121

80-B0180/B

Specifications

Loading ram kN
Gauge range MN/m2
Dial indicator 30x0.01 mm
Load plate dia. mm
Carrying case dim. mm

Total weight approx. kg

sModels

35-T0121

35-T0121/B

100
0 0.8
3
300
1080x360x200
920x360x200
68

200
0 3.3
3
300
1080x360x200
990x360x250
85

80-B0180,
80-B0181

Testing equipment for the construction industry

163

35

Compacted road base and subbase soils

Bearing Capacity - Plate load testing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Dynamic deformation module of soils

Dynamic plate load test using


the light drop-weight tester

q STANDARD
As per German technical test code for soil
and rock in road construction TP BF StB
part B 8.3/1997

M 35-T0120
Light drop-weight tester
Introduction
The dynamic plate load test employing
the Light drop-weight tester is used in
earthwork and road construction to determine the soil bearing capacity and the
compaction or consolidation of soils and
non-cohesive subbases, as well as for soil
improvement applications. The test method
is suited for coarse-grain and mixed-grain
soils having a maximum grain size of 63
mm. The test method may be used to
determine the dynamic modulus of deformation of soil in the range Evd = 15 80
MN/m2.
Further fields of application include:
- Road construction
- Testing of pavement bedding
- Quality assurance in canal construction
- Compaction test in ducts and trenches
- Backfill of foundations
- Railway construction.
The Light drop-weight tester being easy to
handle is specifically suited for monitoring intra-company operations.

Advantages over the plate load tester


- Time-saving immediate evaluation of
each measurement
- Testing in locations not readily accessible
- Low tester weight
- No vehicle required for loading.
The dynamic plate load test using the Light
drop-weight tester has been approved as
an indirect test method for determining
the degree of ramming, in:

35-T0120

ZTVEStB 94
ZTVEStB 95
ZTVEStB 97
NGT 39
Function
Place the load plate on the prepared surface to be tested and position the loading
unit on the load plate. Connect the settlement meter. The drop weight is allowed to
drop onto the spring element, the loading
unit produces a defined impact load and
the overall amount of compaction (or
settlement) of the soil under the load plate
is measured. Once the measuring routine
is started perform three impact cycles for
the measurement. Following each cycle the
meter displays the amount of settlement in
millimetres. Upon completion of a series of
measurements, the settlement is averaged,
and the dynamic modulus of deformation
is determined and displayed. Results can
be printed out on a micro-printer or on a
printer connected to a PC as necessary.

Electronic gauge
Dimensions: 210x80x25 mm
Settlement measuring range:
0.10 2.0 mm 0.02 mm
Temperature range: from 0 to 40C
Power supply:
4xR6 (rechargeable) batteries

Specifications
Loading unit
Total weight: 15 kg
Drop weight: 10 kg
Max. impact force: 7.07 kN
Duration of impact: 18 ms
Spring element: cup springs
Load plate with integral
acceleration transducer
Diameter: 300 mm
Plate thickness: 20 mm
Total weight: 15 kg

35-T0120/2

Accessories

s35-T0120/1 Transport cart


s35-T0120/2 Base plate with

magnet. Used for easy positioning


of the apparatus
35-T0120 with 35-T0120/1

164

Testing equipment for the construction industry

Compacted road base and subbase soils

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soil permerbility/

38

Constant and falling head apparatus

Introduction

The soil permeability is a
very important factor to study the
behaviour of soil in its natural conditions with respect to water flow.

Two different methods of
testing are proposed: constant head
and falling head. The first one is particularly suitable for relatively coarsegrained soil such as sands and gravel
and the second is more appropriate
for fine-grained soils such as claylike or silty soils.

M 38-T0184/A1
Constant head permeability cell
75 mm dia., 3 pressure points.
Weight approx. 2.7 kg
M 38-T0184/B1
Constant head permeability cell
114 mm dia., 6+6 (blanked) pressure points.Weight approx. 2.7 kg

Accessories

s38-T0184/A2 Stand with 3 mano-

meter tubes. The metal stand comprises


3 constant bore tubes, metre scale, nipple and connecting tubing. Dimensions
1150x200x50 mm. Weight approx. 3 kg

s38-T0184/A3 Constant level tank.

Manufactured from acrylic plastic.


Complete with inlet, outlet, overflow, connecting tubing for the cell
and attachment for wall mounting.
Dimensions 250x155x160 mm. Weight
approx. 2.6 kg

s38-T0184/A11

Tamping rod dia. 8x300 mm

Falling head apparatus


This method is particularly suitable for
fine-grained soils such as clay-like or silty
soils in the range of 1x10-2 to 1x10-6 cm/s.
The test is performed with a permeability cell, which has to be connected to
a manometer stand. During the test the
cell is placed in a soaking tank fitted with
overflow tube. As an option the apparatus
can be completed with a suitable de-airing
tank to fill the system with de-aired water
along with a vacuum control panel, water
trap and vacuum pump. All these items are
listed below.

M 38-T0185/1
Falling head permeability cell
General description and specifications
The cell is made of plated steel and has
an inside diameter of 100 mm. The base
and the top cap are clamped with stainless
steel rods. Complete with 75 micron gauze.
It can be connected to a vacuum pump
to saturate the sample before testing.
Supplied complete with 2 m tubing.

A Weight approx.: 4 kg
Accessories

s38-T0185/2 Stand with 4 manometer


tubes. The wooden stand panel is fitted
with four different glass tubes 1500 mm
long, having 21, 12, 5, and 3.5 mm inside
diameter. Panel dimensions 1680x280 mm
approx. Weight approx. 3.6 kg

s38-T0185/3 Soaking reservoir. Made

from plated steel, complete with overflow


tube. Dimensions 230 mm dia. x 230 mm
high approx. Weight approx. 2.3 kg
38-T0185/4

s38-T0185/4 Vacuum control panel

for permeameters. Used for saturating the


samples in the permeability tests. Comprises
adjustable vacuum valve, vacuum gauge
and two manifolds of 3 and 6 lines. Weight
approx. next 3 kg

38-T0184/A3, 38-T0184/A2, 38-T0184/A1

Constant head apparatus


q STANDARD

s28-WF4220 De-airing tank 7 litres cap.


Made from transparent plastic and fitted
with spray water inlet, air outlet and water
outlet. Supplied complete with bracket for
wall mounting. Weight approx. 7 kg

BS 1377:5

General description
The apparatus consists of a perspex permeability cell mounted on a detachable aluminium base and head. The cylinder has pressure points at different
levels, which have to be connected to
the manometer stand and to the constant level tank. Two models are available:
75 and 114 mm cell nominal diameter.
(1)
As alternative it is possible to use the
De-airing apparatus 28-WF4202

s28-WF0491/2

(1)
Water trap. Used
with the de-airing tank 28-T0491/A and
the vacuum pump to collect the water
condensation. Weight approx. 1 kg

s86-D2001

(1)
Portable vacuum pump.
230 V, 50 Hz, 1 ph.

s86-D2064
38-T0185/1 with 38-T0185/3 and 38-T0185/2

dia., 2 m long

(1)

Rubber tube 16.5x6.5 mm

Testing equipment for the construction industry

165

38

Compacted road base and subbase soils

Soil permeability/ Determination of dispersibility/ . .


Determination of dispersibility/ Compaction permeameters and stands /
Combined costant or falling head permeameter

Determination of dispersibility
q STANDARD
BS 1377:5, ASTM D4647

Certain fine-grained soils with high sodium


content are highly erodible by the water flowing
through them. The test is performed using the
pinhole apparatus in which the flow of water
under a high hydraulic gradient through a
cavity in the soil is reproduced.

M 38-T0189/A
Pinhole test apparatus
It consists of a cylindrical metal container
fitted one end with water inlet and the
other end with an outlet connection, of a
standpipe tube with scale and a stand to
support the pinhole apparatus.

Compaction permeameters
and stands

M 38-T0179/B
Permeameter stand, 4 cell capacity.
Wall mounting
General description and specifications
Used to control the water supply in the
constant or falling head permeability tests
on compacted soils. Aluminium panel,
complete with perspex tubes and graduated rules for falling head permeability tests
and water tank adjustable in height for
constant head permeability tests, including
plastic tubing and valves.

38-T0179/B

Max. adjusting height of constant


head tank: 3850 mm
B Dimensions: 1050x700x2000 mm
A Weight approx.: 70 kg

A Weight approx.: 3.5 kg


Accessories

s38-T0184/A3 Constant level tank


s38-T0184/A5 PVC tubing dia.
10x8 mm, 10 m coil

M 38-T0180
Compaction permeameter 4 dia.
M 38-T0181
Compaction permeameter 6 dia.
General description and specifications
Used for determining permeability to water
of soil specimens (clay, sand, gravel etc.).
Comprising valve, water inlet or outlet,
mould and collar, filter baseplate.

A Weight approx.: 8 kg for model

38-T0180

Combined constant
or falling head permeameter

q STANDARD
ASTM D2434

M 38-T0186
Combined constant or falling head
permeameter for 63.5 mm dia.
specimens

38-T0180 and 16 kg for model 38-T0181


General description and specifications
Used for both constant or falling head methods for determining the soil permeability. The
apparatus consists of a two section plastic
chamber, a plated steel top with gaskets,
a plastic funnel reservoir 55 cm max. head
with reservoir upright, a 100 cc pipette, 100
cc max. head, and two porous stones 63.5
mm dia. x 12.7 mm thick, 300 micron average
pore size.

A Weight approx.: 4.5 kg


Spare parts

s38-T0186/1 Spare porous stone


63.5 mm dia. x 12.7 mm thick.
Pack of 5
38-T0189/A and detail of 38-T0189/A

166

38-T0186

Testing equipment for the construction industry