‫ ﻣﺤﻤﻮد اﻟﺪرﻳﻨﻲ‬/‫إﻋﺪاد د‬

‫اﻟﺘﺠﺎرب اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ‬

1

Factorial Experiments
Introduction
Factorial experiment is the method for composing the treatments.
These treatments are the possible combinations of different factor levels.
The factors can be take symbol capital letters A, B, C, …, and their levels
take small letters a, b, c, ….
For example, if factor A has 3 levels (a = 3), factor B has 2 levels (b =
2), and factor C has 2 levels (c = 2). These factorial experiment is named
3 × 2 × 2 factorial experiment, and we note that:
a = 3, b = 2, c = 2
t = abc = 3 × 2 × 2 = 12

Then the treatments given by
a1
b1
c1
c2

a1b1c1
a1b1c2

a3

a2
b2
a1b2 c1

a1b2 c 2

b1
a 2 b1c1
a 2 b1c 2

b2
a 2 b2 c1
a 2 b2 c2

b1
a3 b1c1
a3 b1c 2

b2
a3 b2 c1
a3b2 c 2

The Advantage of Factorial Experiment
1- factorial experiment makes the cost of procedure little.
2- It allows to derivative interactions an estimate them.

On Computing the Effects
1- Simple effect for factor A at j th level of factor B is the
difference between every two means of levels of factor A.
2- Main effect for factor A is the average of simple effects.
3- Interaction effect is the difference between every two simple

97 4.54 =1.45 Interacts -0.43 =1.‫ ﻣﺤﻤﻮد اﻟﺪرﻳﻨﻲ‬/‫إﻋﺪاد د‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺠﺎرب اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ‬ 2 effect.18 .40 3.20 4.83a2 3.47 =1.43 3. Example: B b1 A b2 a1 2.97- 4.83- 2.83 4.86 Mean Effects(A) Simple 3.43 3.36 Main 1.15 3.18 3.47a1 2.83 To compute effects Compose the following table B Effects(B) b1 b2 Mean Simple Main Interacts 0.43 3.47 a2 3.95 2.04 A 4.95 -0.97 =0.97 4.47 2.

and it carried out according to completely randomized design (CRD). a y111 yi11 y a11 y112 yi12 y a12 y11r yi1r y a1r y1 j1 yij1 yaj1 y1 j 2 yij 2 yaj 2 y1 jr yijr yajr y1b1 yib1 y ab1 y1b 2 yib 2 y ab 2 y1br yibr y abr .‫ ﻣﺤﻤﻮد اﻟﺪرﻳﻨﻲ‬/‫إﻋﺪاد د‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺠﺎرب اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ‬ 3 Two-Factor Factorial Experiment Assume that a × b factorial experiment. Factor B j . i …. The observations can be summarized as Factor A 1 1 …. b Where y ijk is observation in k th experimental unit that received i th level of factor A and j th level of factor B. The mathematical linear model is given by yijk = μ + α i + β j + (αβ )ij + ε ijk Where: (1) .

df = abr − 1 .O.‫ ﻣﺤﻤﻮد اﻟﺪرﻳﻨﻲ‬/‫إﻋﺪاد د‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺠﺎرب اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ‬ 4 μ: is the overall mean.2 . and computed by a b r SSTo = ∑ ∑ ∑ i = 1 j = 1k = 1 2 yijk − CF . (αβ )ij : Is the interaction.V df SS MS F* A (a-1) SSA MSA F A * =MSA/MSE B (b-1) SSB MSB F B * =MSB/MSE (AB) (a-1)(b-1) SSAB MSAB F AB * =MSAB/MSE MSE Error ab(r-1) SSE Total abr-1 SSTo Where: SSTo : is the total sum of squares.. βj: is the effect of j th level of factor B. abr SSA : denoted sum of squares due to factor A . ε ijk : denotes the experimental error. CF = Y ..σ 2 ) The Statistical Analysis The ANOVA table corresponding to linear model (1) is denoted as S. The assumptions of these model given by a b ∑α i = 0 ∑β j i =1 j =1 ε ijk a ∑ (αβ )i =0 i =1 = 0= b ∑ (αβ )ij j =1 ~ N (0. αi : is the effect of i th level of factor A. and given by .

df = (b − 1) SSAB : denotes the interaction sum of squares. = (αβ ) ab = 0 H a : at least Two of (αβ ) ij different F A * =MSA/MSE..‫ ﻣﺤﻤﻮد اﻟﺪرﻳﻨﻲ‬/‫إﻋﺪاد د‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺠﺎرب اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ‬ 5 a Yi. and given by a Y. df = (a − 1) SSB : is the sum of squares due to factor B .. H o : β 1 = β 2 = . and computed by subtracted SSE = SSTo − SSA − SSB − SSAB . ⎥ ⎦⎥ df = ( a − 1)(b − 1) SSE : is the error sum of squares.... = β b = 0 H a : at least Two of β j different H o : (αβ )11 = (αβ )12 = . F B * =MSB/MSE. and given by SSAB = ⎡ b Yij.. i =1 ar SSB = ∑ − CF . F AB * =MSAB/MSE .2 i =1 br SSA = ∑ − CF . df = ab(r − 1) The Null Hypothesis 1- 2- 3- H o : α 1 = α 2 = .2 ⎢ a ⎢ ∑ ∑ ⎢ i =1 j =1 r ⎣⎢ ⎤ ⎥ − CF ⎥ − SSA − SSB . = α a = 0 H a : at least Two of α i different . 2j..

8 4.5 2.2 2.Test all hypothesis.5 1.1 3.3 4 2.6 2.2 2.8 3.8 5.1 1.4 5 HOMWORK 1.3 3.5 3.3 1. .8 5.9 3.7 5.8 2.5 2.‫ ﻣﺤﻤﻮد اﻟﺪرﻳﻨﻲ‬/‫إﻋﺪاد د‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺠﺎرب اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ‬ 6 Example: Factor A a1 b1 Factor b2 B b3 a2 a3 2.4 4.1 1.3 1.9 2.6 3. 2.6 2.5 4.8 3. Interaction AB . factor B.6 4.Carry out multi comparisons by using LSD method for factor A.5 1.7 2.1 4.5 5.3 3.