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Topic

D.
1
a.
i.
ii.

b.
i.

ii.

Mitigating Circumstances (Art. 13, RPC)


Classes of Mitigating Circumstances
Privileged
Art. 13 (2) and Art. 68
Art. 13 (1) and Art. 69

Ordinary
Lack of intent to commit so grave a wrong

Sufficient provocation

iii.

Vindication of a wrong

iv.

Passion or obfuscation

v.

Voluntary surrender or plea of guilt

vi.

Deafness, muteness, blindness, or other physical


defect which restricts the offenders means of action,
defense, or communication

vii.

Illness as would diminish the exercise of will-power


without depriving the offender of consciousness of
his acts.

viii.

Analogous circumstances

E.

Aggravating Circumstances (Art. 14 and 62, RPC)

1
b.
c.
d.
e.
2

Classes of Aggravating Circumstance


Generic
Qualifying
Specific
Inherent
Special
Taking advantage of public office

Insult to public authority

Disregard of rank, age, or sex, and dwelling;

Abuse of confidence or obvious ungratefulness

a.

The crime is committed in the palace of Chief


Executive, in his presence, where public authorities
are engaged in the discharge of their duties, or place
dedicated to religious worship;

Nighttime, uninhabited place, or by a band;

Crime committed on the occasion of conflagration,


shipwreck, earthquake, epidemic, or other calamity or
misfortune;

Aid of armed men or persons who afford impunity;

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Recidivism

11
12

Reiteracion
Habitual delinquency (Art. 62, par. 5);

13
14
15
16

Quasi- recidivism (Art. 160)


Price, reward, or promise;
Inundation, fire, poison, etc.
Evident premeditation;

17

Craft, fraud, or disguise;

18

Taking advantage of superior strength, or means


employed to weaken the defense;

19

Treachery;

20

Ignominy;

21
22

24
25

Unlawful entry;
Breaking of wall, roof, floor, door, or window;
Aid of persons under fifteen years old, use of motor
vehicles, airships, or other similar means;
Cruelty;
Organized or syndicated crime group;

26

Use of illegal firearms or explosives see RA 10591

23

F.
1

Use of dangerous drugs while committing a felony


Sec. 25 of RA 9165
Alternative Circumstances (Art. 15, RPC)
Relationship

2
3

Intoxication
Degree of Instruction

27

A.

Persons Criminally Liable


Principals (Art. 17, RPC)

B.

Accomplices (Art. 18, RPC)

C.

Accessories (Art. 19 and 20, RPC); PD 1612

Complex Crimes (Art. 48, RPC)

Penalties
Imposable penalties
Principal penalties

A.
1
a.

Capital punishment Sec. 19, Art III of the 1987


Constitution; RA 7659, RA 8177; RA 9346; Art. 40
and 47 Revised Penal Code

b.
i.

ii.

Reclusion temporal
Perpetual or temporary absolute disqualification
Article 30

iii.
iv.
v.
c.
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
d.
i.
ii.
e.
i.
ii.
2
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
3
1
2

Afflictive penalties
Reclusion perpetua RA 7659, Art. 27 of Revised
Penal Code

Perpetual or temporary special disqualification Art.


31
Prision mayor Art. 27
Correctional penalties Art. 27, 39, and 44
Prision correccional
Arresto mayor
Suspension
Destierro
Light penalties Art. 27, 39, and 44
Arresto menor
Public censure
Common penalties Art.25
Fines Art. 26, 39, and 66
Bond to keep the peace Art. 27 and 35
Accessory penalties Art. 40 -45
Perpetual or temporary absolute disqualification
Perpetual or temporary special disqualification
Suspension from public office, the right to vote and
be voted for, the profession or calling
Civil interdiction
Indemnification
Forfeiture or confiscation of the instruments and
proceeds of the offense
Payment of costs
Subsidiary penalty Art. 39
Application and computation of penalties
General rules Art. 5, 21, 28, 29 (see also RA
10592), 46, 73-77
Specific Rules

a.
b.

Complex Crimes (Art. 48)


Crime different from that which was intended Art.
49

c.

Effect of degree of participation and stage of


commission Art. 50 -57, 60-61

d.

Additional penalty for certain accessories Art. 58

e.

Impossible crimes Art. 59


Effect of mitigating, aggravating, and qualifying
circumstances Art. 62-66

f.

h.
3

Incomplete justifying or exempting circumstances


Art. 67 and 69
Minors RA 9344
Indeterminate Sentence Law

Execution and service of penalties


General rules Art. 47, 70, 78, and 86-88,

g.

2
3
a.
b.
i.
ii.

Probation Law (PD 968 as amended)


See also: RA 10707
Suspension of sentence
In cases of insanity Art. 79
Minors
Section 31-35 of AM No. 02-1-18-SC
RA 9344
Extinction of criminal liability (Art. 89-99, RPC)

A.

Total Art.89-93

B.

Partial Art. 94-99; See also: amendments under RA


10592
Civil Liability arising from criminal liability (Art.
100-113, RPC)

Case

Ripe?

People v. Jaurigue, G.R. No. 384, 21 February 1946,


1
76 Phil. 174

Done

People v. Narvaez, L-33466-67, 20 April 1983, 121


SCRA 389

Done

People v. Ulep, G.R. No. 132547, 20 September 2000 3

Done

Guillermo v. People, G.R. No. 153287, 20 January


2009

People v. Ural, L-30801, 27 March 1974, 56 SCRA


138

Done

People v. Gonzales, G.R. No. 139542, 21 June 2001,


6
359 SCRA 352

Done

People v. Pagal, L-32040, 25 October 1977, 79


SCRA 570

Urbano v. People, G.R. No. 182750, 20 January


2009

People v. Benito, L-32042, 13 February 1975, 74


SCRA 271

Bacabac v. People, G.R. No. 149372, 11 September


2007

10

US v. Hicks, G.R. No. 4971, 23 September 1909, 14


11
Phil. 217

Done

US v. Dela Cruz, G.R. No. 7094, 29 March 1912, 22


12
Phil. 429

Done

People v. Gelaver, G.R. No. 95357, 9 June 1993, 223


13
SCRA 310

Done

People v. Bello, L-18792, 28 February 1964

14

People v. Amaguin, G.R. Nos. 54344-45, 10 January


15
1994, 229 SCRA 166

People v. Dela Cruz, L-45284, 29 December 1936,


63 Phil. 874

16

People v. Legaspi, G.R. Nos. 136164-65, 20 April


2001

People v. Capalac, L-38297, 23 October 1982, 117


SCRA 874

People v. Gapasin, G.R. No. 73489, 25 April 1994,


231 SCRA 728

People v. Tiongson, L-35123-24, 25 July 1984, 130


SCRA 614

People v. Magdueo, L-68699, 22 September 1986,


144 SCRA 210

People v. Tac-an, G.R. Nos. 76338-89, 26 February


6
1990.
People v. Diaz, G.R. No. L-24002, 21 January 1974. 7
People v. Arizobal, G.R. No. 135051-52, 14
December 2000, 348 SCRA 143

People v. Daniel, G.R. No. L-40330, 20 November


1978

People v. Mandolado, L-51304-05, 28 June 1983,


123 SCRA 133

10

People v. Garcia, L-30449, 31 October 1979, 94


SCRA 14

11

People v. Rodas, G.R. No. 175881, 28 August 2007

12

People v. Damaso, L-30116, 20 November 1978, 86


13
SCRA 370 (uninhabited)

People v. Baldera, L-2390, 24 April 1950, 86 Phil.


189

14

People v. Melendrez, G.R. No. 39913, 19 December


15
1933, 59 Phil. 154

US v. Manalinde, G.R. No. 5292, 28 August 1909, 14


16
Phil. 77
People v. Ilaoa, G.R. No. 94308, 16 June 1994, 233
17
SCRA 231
People v. Bibat, G.R. No. 124319, 13 May 1998, 290
18
SCRA 27
People v. Empacis, G.R. No. 95756, 14 May 1993,
222 SCRA 59

19

People v. Bigcas, G.R. No. 94534, 2 July 1992, 211


SCRA 631

20

People v. Sangalang, L-32914, 30 August 1974, 58


SCRA 737

21

People v. San Pedro, L-44274, 22 January 1980, 95


22
SCRA 306
People v. Castillo, G.R. No. 120282, 20 April 1998,
23
289 SCRA 213
People v. Arizobal, G.R. No. 135051-52, 14
December 2000, 348 SCRA 143

24

People v. Escote, G.R. No. 140756, 4 April 2003, 400


25
SCRA 603
People v. Villonez, G.R. Nos. 122976-77, 16
November 1998, 359 Phil. 95, 1998

26

People v. Guzman, G.R. No. 169246, 26 January


2007

27

People v. Torriefel CA-GR. No. 659-R, 29 November


28
1947, 45 OG 803
People v. Jose, L-28232, 6 February 1971, 37 SCRA
29
450
People v. Butler, L-50276, 27 January 1983, 120
SCRA 281

30

People v. Saylan, L-36941, 29 June 1984, 130 SCRA


31
159
People v. Sultan, G.R. No. 132470, 27 April 2000,
331 SCRA 216

32

People v. Ladjaalam, G.R. Nos. 136149-51, 19


September 2000

33

Celino v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 170562, 29


June 2007

34

People v. Atop, G.R. No. 124303-05, 10 February


1998, 286 SCRA 157

People v. San Pedro, L-44274, 22 January 1980, 95


2
SCRA 306

People v. Yanson-Dumancas, G.R. No. 133527-28,


13 December 1999, 320 SCRA 584

People v. Maluenda, G.R. No. 115351, 27 March


1998, 288 SCRA 225

Abejuela v. People, G.R. No. 80130, 19 August 1991,


3
200 SCRA 806
People v. Doble, L-30028, 31 May 1982, 114 SCRA
4
131
People v. Doctolero, G.R. No. 34386, 7 February
1991, 193 SCRA 632

People v. De Vera, G.R. No. 128966, 18 August


1999, 312 SCRA 640

Garces v. People, G.R. No. 173858, 17 July 2007

People v. Talingdan, L-32126, 6 July 1978, 84 SCRA


8
19
People v. Sanchez, G.R No. 131116, 27 August 1999,
9
313 SCRA 254
People v. Mallari, G.R. No. L-58886, 13 December
1988

10

People vs. Hernandez, L-6025-26, 18 July 1956, 99


11
Phil. 515
Enrile vs. Salazar, G.R. No. 92163, 5 June 1990, 184
12
SCRA 217
Ivler v. San Pedro, G.R. No. 172716, 17 November
2010.

13

People v. Valdez, G.R. No. 127663, 11 March 1999

14

Harden v. Director of Prisons, L-2349. 22 October


1948, 81 Phil. 741

People v. Lucas, G.R. No. 108172, 25 May 1994;

People v. Lucas, G.R. No. 108172, 9 January 1995; 3


People v. Latupan, G.R. No. 112453, 28 June 2001

People v. Lanuza, G.R. No. 188562, 17 August 2011 1


Talampas v. People, G.R. No. 180219, 23 November
2
2011
People v. Temporada, G.R. No. 173473, 17
December 2008. See CJ Puno Dissent and J. Corona 3
Separate Opinion

In re Petition for Habeas Corpus, Pete Lagran, G.R.


1
No. 147270, 15 August 2001, 363 SCRA 275

Republic v. Desierto, G.R. No. 136506, 23 August


1
2001, 363 SCRA 585