experiment

© All Rights Reserved

12 views

experiment

© All Rights Reserved

- Heat Transfer and Flow Arround Elliptic Cylinder - Ota T
- 159091027-Flare-System
- Engineering Handbook
- Duct
- Fluid Mechanics Multiple choice questions for engineers
- Linear Wave Theory
- Ametek Evolution of the Wet Gas Venturi Meter and Wet Gas Correction Algorithms
- Flow in Flow-Accelerated Corrosion for Nuclear Power Plant
- Turb Combsution
- b407170k
- The mixing transition in turbulent flows.pdf
- Fluid_2
- Flight-path Characteristics for Decelerating From Supercircular Speed
- Achaichia A, Cowell TA (1988) Heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of flat tube and louvered plate fin surfaces.pdf
- LECTURE 5 cor 1
- Mixer Sizing
- (Www.entrance Exam.net) ISRO 2005 JUNE
- Explanation of Calculations
- Dpflow Basics
- Summary Ejad Effects of Fin Pitch and Number of Tube Rows on the Air Side Performance of Herringbone Wavy Fin and Tube Heat Ex Changers

You are on page 1of 6

Introduction

The name of this experiment is Herschel Venturi. The objective is to determine the coefficient of

discharge (C) as a function of Reynolds Number (Re) and overall head loss as a function of

maximum head differential, and to compare each with accepted empirical results. This

experiment is a requirement for the Fluids Laboratory (EM341) as part of the Engineering

Curriculum offered at San Diego State University (SDSU). The experiment was performed by a

group of Engineering students, majoring in Mechanical and Civil Engineering. It was conducted

on September 22, 2010 at 10:00AM in the Fluids Laboratory in the Fluids Laboratory at SDSU.

This lab report was written by Levi Lentz with the data obtained by Group E.

Theory

The Herschel Venturi pipe used in this experiment is a form of a Venturi meter that is used to

measure the flow of the water through the pipe by measuring the pressure difference between

two sections of the pipe. In this particular experiment, the cross-section of the pipe varies

linearly from a diameter of D = 26mm to a diameter of d = 16mm. Because of the continuity

condition, the velocity of the flow through the pipe will increase as the diameter decreases, offset

by a proportional pressure drop of the fluid. These pressure drops coupled with the continuity

condition can tell us both about the headloss of the pipe, as well as give us the coefficient of

discharge (C) and the Reynolds Number (Re). The accepted empirical values can be determined

from the following chart.

Re

2000

5000

10000

20000

50000

C

.910

.940

.955

.965

.970

Lentz 2

During the experiment, we had to use several equations to obtain the numerical answer. All of the

following equations can be derived from Bernoullis equation, assuming that the fluid is under

steady flow, it is incompressible, and it is only one dimensional. Bernoullis equation describes

energy conservation.

Bernoullis equation:

p

v2

p

v2

+ Z+

= + Z+

+h

2g 1

2g 2 L

) (

12

Coefficient of Discharge:

C=

Qexp

Qtheo

Where:

Qexp=

2 g h1t m3

V m3

( )Q theo=A T

( )

t s

d 4 s

1

D

( )

Reynolds Number:

Re =

vD vD

=

Kinematic Viscosity:

2

m

= ( )

s

The above equations can be evaluated with the following definitions:

g=gravity (

m

)

s2

d=throat diameter( m)

t=time( sec)

D=entrance diameter( m)

Lentz 3

=Density of fluid (

kg

s

V can

=Volume

(m 3) with the following definitions

)/ty

c

tions

be

evaluated

=Dynamic

: using the

viscfollowing

osity ( N constantsdefinitio

)

3

2

m

m

=SpecificGravity (

N

)

m3

T =Temp( C)

From the experimental procedure, we obtained the following constants from measurement:

T avg=21.5 C

( 21.5 C ) =9789

N

m3

d=16 mm

g=9.795

m

s

m

s2

D=26 mm

The procedure consists of using a Herschel Venturi meter using , shown in Figure 1 below, to

drive the flow through the Venturi Meter. Before the experiment can begin, all air needs to be

removed from the system. To do this, the operator turns on the hydraulic bench, opening the

Flow Control Valve slightly as shown in Figure 2 below. The user then tilts the entire Herschel

Venturi Meter until all of the air bubbles are out. Once this is done, the operator then opens the

Flow Valve completely open, manipulating the Air Purge Valve until the water level at the throat

reads zero. The experiment is then completed by manipulating the Flow Control Valve so that the

h1T

well as

changes by 35mm each datum point. At each datum, the volume flow is recorded as

h12

Lentz 4

Lentz 5

While examining our C vs Re graph, we can notice that our data is slightly biased above that of

the empirical data. The points themselves have a relatively high scatter, with the points not

conforming to a straight line as the empirical data shows. The error between the calculated C and

the empirical C can be determined from using the values from the line of the empirical data.

From this calculation, we get an average error of 1.69%. This error and relatively random scatter

would have come about from operator and procedural error. The main areas that we had errors

came from measuring the height of the fluid. Because the machine was constantly running, there

was a certain rhythm to the top point of the fluid; this causes problems when taking an accurate

measurement of the height. Another issue we had was in the time measurement, out data uses

exact seconds, which could have induced an error into the results. Other errors could have been

caused by improperly zeroing the testing equipment or allowing air bubbles to remain inside of

the Venturi tube, where we could not see them. The experiment as a whole, however, seems to

confirm the previously found empirical data.

The second set of data that we obtained was that of the relationship between of

h12 vs . h1T

h12=0

, making the slope of our graph be equal to zero with no bias. In our physical

world, energy is lost due to a variety of interactions such as friction and variances in physical

measurements, such as density or pressure. Empirical results show that the slope should be .1, or

10%, indicating an average loss of 10%. In our test, our least square fit line came very close to

meeting this requirement with a slope of .1264, or 12.64%. The additional 26.4% of error would

Lentz 6

come from the way the experiment was conducted. This could range from user error to problems

with the testing equipment. The user error that happened would have been due to measurement

issues with the heights. The measurement of the height caused an error as the height of the fluid

fluctuated due to the flow of the fluid, causing the group to have to make estimation as to where

the height was. The error could also have come from minor changes in the assumptions required

to use Bernoullis equation, such as the density or variance in the height of the tube from one

side to the other. These errors would have also affected the bias of the graph.

Tabulated Data

Percent Error in C at Measured Points (%)

1

C vs. Re

4.81

2

3

4

5

6

7

4.5

6 1.07 -2.40 1.21 -0.01 3.24

Tabulated Data Continued

8

3.66

10

Avg

Least Square

Fit Slope (exp)

h12 vs . h1T

0.1264

Least Square

Fit Bias (mm)

-2.8904

Average

Scatter (mm)

0.521

Max

Scatter

(mm)

1.09

Deviation

from

Empirical

(%)

26.4%

- Heat Transfer and Flow Arround Elliptic Cylinder - Ota TUploaded bytriistanto
- 159091027-Flare-SystemUploaded byBaba Johneh
- Engineering HandbookUploaded byIniemem Inim
- DuctUploaded bydenizkund
- Fluid Mechanics Multiple choice questions for engineersUploaded byGerry Lou Quiles
- Linear Wave TheoryUploaded byMuhammad Jati
- Ametek Evolution of the Wet Gas Venturi Meter and Wet Gas Correction AlgorithmsUploaded byautrol
- Flow in Flow-Accelerated Corrosion for Nuclear Power PlantUploaded bySalih Gürkan üyümez
- Turb CombsutionUploaded bySeeta Ratnam
- b407170kUploaded byEr Mayur Patil
- The mixing transition in turbulent flows.pdfUploaded byJoonhong Kim
- Fluid_2Uploaded byMogahid Osman
- Flight-path Characteristics for Decelerating From Supercircular SpeedUploaded byClifford Stone
- Achaichia A, Cowell TA (1988) Heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of flat tube and louvered plate fin surfaces.pdfUploaded byAB Devilier
- LECTURE 5 cor 1Uploaded byteamrelax
- Mixer SizingUploaded byIlija Runjajic
- (Www.entrance Exam.net) ISRO 2005 JUNEUploaded byDayakar Rana
- Explanation of CalculationsUploaded byMohsin Bashir
- Dpflow BasicsUploaded byjuansantospalacios
- Summary Ejad Effects of Fin Pitch and Number of Tube Rows on the Air Side Performance of Herringbone Wavy Fin and Tube Heat Ex ChangersUploaded byMuhamad Rohaizad
- ComparativeUploaded byMithilesh Kumar
- Sparrow 1979Uploaded byJovanJoksic
- Durst Forced 4101Uploaded byVer Arocena
- kinevapUploaded byshivas34regal
- 3-2nd Paper Proceedings 5th Ic-epsmso -Two Innov Experim Archimedean Screw EnergyUploaded byAndreiBofu
- LdoUploaded byAnonymous YcAZv5qF67
- Filtration CalculationsUploaded byJonelou Cusipag
- Experiments and Theory for TwoUploaded byjohannesjanzen6527
- Moo Young Eqation KlUploaded byBryan Antonio Maza Cordova
- 9IJMPERDAPR20199Uploaded byTJPRC Publications

- AgardUploaded byAysun Güven
- Thermal Fluid ManualUploaded byAysun Güven
- lab3.docUploaded byAysun Güven
- Venturi Lab.pdfUploaded byAmirhosein605334
- Sample ReportUploaded byAysun Güven
- Lab 2-Venturi MeterUploaded byNorsilah CLah
- Asee-midwest 0008 6430aaUploaded byAysun Güven
- ejcUploaded byAysun Güven
- FF-theory.pdfUploaded byAbdulrazzaqAL-Maliky
- Venturimeter LAB ReportUploaded byJames Roy
- 04 FLOW METERS.docUploaded byAysun Güven
- presentation.pptxUploaded byAysun Güven
- NotesUploaded byAysun Güven
- Ashrae Handbook-hvac Systems and EquipmentUploaded byAzad Raza
- 574358_634225477945037500Uploaded byAysun Güven

- Pressure Drop CalculationUploaded byThennarasu Panneerselvam
- 232113 Hydronic Piping GuidespecUploaded byTom Zimmer
- As 2601 en E Series Valves and ManifoldsUploaded bydbmingo
- Line ProportionerUploaded bypsycopaul
- Ep61412.PDF - Piping Classes 600#Uploaded byeke23
- Activities in Sequence in Planning (5)Uploaded byalok
- 06 NFC Pump Control SystemUploaded bypiteng1945
- MECH-V-TURBO MACHINES NOTES.pdfUploaded byMite
- Heat ExchangerUploaded bykhai199393
- FlowconME Valves Catalogue 31Uploaded bymohansaf
- Report on Artificial Gas Lift 1Uploaded byAbhilash Baranwal
- Festo-Proportional Hydraulics Basic LavelUploaded byapi-3808778
- Fluid MixingUploaded byEmily Swan
- Rama S.R. Gorla, Aijaz a. Khan-Turbomachinery_ Design and Theory (Dekker Mechanical Engineering)-CRC Press (2003)Uploaded byalor rou
- (Paper) Diffusers for Supersonic Wind Tunnels - LukasiewiczUploaded byJoseXancopinca
- 12.Head Losses in Pipes, Bends and FittingsUploaded byEr S Karthick Annamalai
- Pump Selection - Teluk Kabung (07.10.2015)- With CommentUploaded byPriyo Jati Wahyono
- Hydraulic Turbines and PumpsUploaded bySachin Chaturvedi
- Instrucciones Generales de Operacion RMG HoneywellUploaded byxalte
- Sump Pit Calculation 1Uploaded byMeeran Mohideen
- Filtro Tipo h x43h EsUploaded byeselcosac
- Instrumentationtoolbox.com-Piping and Instrumentation DiagramsTutorials IUploaded bynishant9999
- Triple Duty Vales Bulletin.pdfUploaded byEsteban Araya Castro
- Merlo.pdfUploaded bymuco
- sprinklers.pdfUploaded bypil7194
- ProblemsUploaded byShiva Santhoju
- spreadsheet use for pipe frictionUploaded byRohan Arora
- Lab Manual Cycle 1Uploaded byKaustubh Sathe
- Pre-engineered Water Treatment SolutionsUploaded byaminiisland
- Fundamentals of Valve Sizing for Liquids d350408x012Uploaded bytwins19564839