You are on page 1of 13

GEOGRAPHY

&
HISTORY

1 DE E.S.O

IES FERNANDO III


CENTRO BILINGE

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY


UNIT 4: EUROPE
UNIT 4: EUROPE

OUTLINE

1 PHYSICAL MAPS OF EUROPE


CLIMATIC MAP OF EUROPE
SEAS AND RIVERS OF
EUROPE
MOUNTAIN RANGES OF
EUROPE
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
OF EUROPE
ACTIVITIES
2- POLITICAL MAPS OF EUROPE
COUNTRIES OF EUROPE
CAPITAL CITIES OF
EUROPE
ACTIVITIES
3- MAP OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
4 VOCABULARY

ASPECTOS LINGSTICOS

PRESENT SIMPLE
PRESENTE CONTNUO
IMPERATIVE
VERBO HABER

PHONETICS
VOCALES CORTAS Y
LARGAS
ING- ENDING
INTONATION
IN QUESTIONS

I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE

VOCABULARY

BEAR
BEECH
BIRCH
BOUNDARIES
CLIMATIC
CONIFEROUS
CORK OAK
COUNTRIES
DECIDUOUS FOREST
FIR
GRASS
HIGH MOUNTAIN
MOUNTAIN RANGES
NATURAL
ENVIRONMENT
OAK
SQUIRREL
STEPPES
TO CUT OUT
TO DESCRIBE
TO TRANSLATE

A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

27

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY


UNIT 4: EUROPE
Image from: http://www.mapsorama.com/maps/europe/Piri_Reis_map_of_Europe_and_the_Mediterranean_Sea.jpg

1 PHYSICAL MAP OF EUROPE


Europe is one of the seven continents.
The seven continents or continental
landmasses are AFRICA, AMERICA
(North America and South America),
ANTARCTICA, ASIA, AUSTRALIA
(Oceania) and EUROPE.
Europe has about 10,180,000 square
kilometres and it is the smallest
continent on Earth. It has a remarkable
maritime character . Europe has a lot of
islands (Iceland, British Islands, Balearic
Islands, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Crete and some others), and a lot of peninsulas (Iberian, Italic, Balkan,
Scandinavian, Jutland and others more). The boundaries of Europe are: the Ural Mountains, the Ural River
and the Caspian Sea to the East; the Caucasus Mountains and the Black Sea to the Southeast; the Arctic
Ocean and other seas to the North; the Atlantic Ocean to the West; and the Mediterranean Sea to the South.
- Climatic map of Europe:

Image from: http://www.stacey.peak-media.co.uk/Year10/A4NaturalWorld/A4NaturalWorld-Climates/europe_climate.gif

I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE

A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

28

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY


UNIT 4: EUROPE
- Seas and rivers of Europe.

- Mountain ranges of Europe.

I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE

Image from: http://www.freeworldmaps.net/printable/europe/physical.jpg

A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

29

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY


UNIT 4: EUROPE
- Natural environment of Europe

Chaparral (Mediterranean scrub)


and Mediterranean forest
Temperate deciduous
forest
Coniferous forest

Temperate grassland
(prairies and steppes)
Tundra

High mountain

NATURAL
ENVIRONMENT

NATURAL
ENVIROMENT
OF
TEMPERATE
CLIMATES

NATURAL
ENVIRONMENT
OF FRIGID
CLIMATES

CLIMATE

VEGETATION

FAUNA

Chaparral
(Mediterranean scrub)
and Mediterranean
forest

Mediterranean

Holm oak, cork oak,


thyme, rockrose

Lynx, rabbit,
vulture

Temperate deciduous
forest

Oceanic climate or
Marine west coast

Beech, oak, oceanic


scrublands and
prairies

Deer, bear, squirrel

Coniferous forest

Continental

Fir, pine

Moose, reindeer

Temperate grassland
(prairies and steppes)

Continental

Grass, herbs

Steppe eagle

Tundra

Arctic and Polar

Moss, lichen, birch,


small willow

Lemming, arctic
hare

High mountain

High mountain

Vegetation is in life
zone in different
altitudes.

Mountain or wild
goat, chamois

I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE

A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

30

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY


UNIT 4: EUROPE
Activities:
- Answer these questions and activities.
- What is the size of Europe in kilometres?
- Write the name of three islands and three peninsulas of Europe.
- What are the boundaries of Europe to the east, to the west, to the north and to the south?
- Use internet or any book to find out the maximum East longitude, the maximum West longitude, the
maximum North latitude and the maximum South latitude among which Europe is located. Write in this map
their coordinates in degrees. Draw parallels and meridians, if that were necessary.
Image from: http://almez.pntic.mec.es/~jmac0005/ESO_Geo/TIERRA/Fotos/Conica.JPG

- Look for the climate zones where Europe is located. This information is in unit 3.
- Write in this map the names of the seas and the rivers of Europe. The map on the page 3 can help you.
Look for the names of the rivers whose names are not on the map on page 3.
Image from: http://www.hist-geo.co.uk/europe/outline-eu/europe-rivers-1.php

I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE

A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

31

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY


UNIT 4: EUROPE
- Look for information about the relief of Europe and answer these questions.
- What is the Great European Plain?
- Which are the five highest peaks of Europe?
- In which countries are these peaks?
- What kind of natural environment, climate, vegetation and fauna does Spain have?;and England?; and
Sweden?; and the Baltic Republics?, and Hungary?. Look for the information in the map and the table
on page 4.
2 POLITICAL MAP OF EUROPE
- Countries of Europe: Europe has forty five countries and little states. Turkey is considered a country of
Asia, but a part of its territory is in Europe. Turkey is sometimes included as a country of Europe. Kosovo is
considered an independent country by some States, but others say that Kosovo is not independent and they
say that is inside Serbia. The International Community is divided in this matter.
Image from: http://www.icevi-europe.org/national/europe.gif

- Alb. = Albania
- Bel. = Belgium
- Bosn. = Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Cro. = Croacia
- Cz. Rep. = Czech Republic
- Est. = Estonia
- Lux. = Luxembourg
- Mac. = Republic of Macedonia
- Mol. = Moldova
- Mont. = Montenegro
- NL = Netherlands
- Port. = Portugal
- Serb. = Serbia
- Slo.= Slovenia
- Slovak. = Slovakia
- Swit. = Switzerland
- UK = United Kingdom

Liechtenstein

Andorra
Monaco
San
Marino
Vatican City

Malta

I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE

Cyprus

A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

32

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY


UNIT 4: EUROPE
- Capital cities of Europe
Image from: http://www.icevi-europe.org/national/europe.gif

Activities:

- Look up the name Europe on the internet or in any book or encyclopedia and explain the Greek myth
that it comes from.
- Read this table with the names of the countries and capital cities of Europe in Spanish. Translate these
names into English. The previous maps can help you.
PASES

COUNTRIES

Albania
Andorra
Alemania
Austria
Blgica
Bielorrusia
Bosnia - Herzegovina
I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE

CAPITALES
Tirana
Andorra la Vella
Berln
Viena
Bruselas
Minsk
Sarajevo

CAPITAL CITIES

A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

33

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY


UNIT 4: EUROPE

Bulgaria
Croacia
Chipre
Dinamarca
Eslovaquia
Eslovenia
Espaa
Estonia
Finlandia
Francia
Grecia
Hungra
Irlanda
Islandia
Italia
Kosovo
Letonia
Liechtenstein
Lituania
Luxemburgo
Macedonia
Malta
Moldavia
Mnaco
Montenegro
Noruega
Pases Bajos
Polonia
Portugal
Repblica Checa
Rumana
Rusia
San Marino
Serbia
Suecia
Suiza
Turqua
Ucrania
Reino Unido
Vaticano, ciudad del

I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE

Sofa
Zagreb
Nicosia
Copenhague
Bratislava
Liubliana
Madrid
Talln
Helsinki
Pars
Atenas
Budapest
Dubln
Reikiavik
Roma
Pristina
Riga
Vaduz
Vilna
Luxemburgo
Skopje
La Valeta
Kishinev
Mnaco
Podgorica
Oslo
Amsterdam
Varsovia
Lisboa
Praga
Bucarest
Mosc
San Marino
Belgrado
Estocolmo
Berna
Ankara
Kiev
Londres
Vaticano, ciudad del

A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

34

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY


UNIT 4: EUROPE
3 MAP OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union. The EU has 27 member states
nowadays.

Activities:

- Cut out the twenty five flags that are at the end of this unit and glue each one of these flags in its
corresponding country on this map of the European Union.
- Look for the flags of two countries that are not at the end of this unit. Draw those flags in its
corresponding country. Look for information about the flag of the European Union. Describe this flag and
draw it in the blank box.
Image from: http://thetimetravellers.files.wordpress.com/2008/02/euro_accession.png?w=1244&h=1156

I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE

A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

35

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY


UNIT 4: EUROPE
6 - VOCABULARY
English

Pronunciation

Spanish

Arctic hare adj. and sust.

/':ktk/ /her /

Liebre rtica

Bear sust.

/ber/

Oso

Beech sust.

/bi:t/

Haya

Birch sust.

/b:rt /

Abedul

Boundaries sust.

/'bandries/

Lmites (territoriales)

Chamois sust.

/'mi/

Rebeco o gamuza

Cork oak sust.

/k:rk / /k/

Alcornoque

Chaparral sust.

/shapral'rel/

Matorral

Climatic adj.

/kl'matik/

Climtico

Coniferous sust.

/k'nifrs/

Coniferas

Countries sust.

/'kntries/

Deciduous forest adj. and sust.

/di'sijs/ /'f:rst /

Deer sust.

/d/

Pases
Bosque
de
(caducifolia)
Ciervo

Eagle sust.

/'i:gl/

Aguila

Fauna sust.

/'f:n/

Fauna

Fir sust.

/f:r /

Abeto

Grass sust.

/grs /

Hierba

Grassland sust.
Great European Plain adjs.
and sust.
Herbs sust.

/'gr:slnd/

Pradera de hierba

/gret/ /'jr'pi:n / /plen/

Gran Llanura Europea

/h:rbs /

Hierbas

High Mountain adj. and sust

/ha/ /'mantn/

Alta Montaa

Holm oak sust.

/'h(l)m/ /k/

Encina

Lichen sust.

/'lakn/

Liqun

Lynx sust.

/lks/

Lince

Maritime adj.

/'mrtam/

Martimo

Marked adj.
Mediterranean Scrub adj. and
sust.
Moose sust.

/m:rkt /

Marcado

/'medt'renin/ /skrb/

Matorral mediterrneo

/mu:s/

Alce

Moss sust.
Mountain or wild goat adjs.
and sust.
Mountain Ranges adj. and
sust.
Natural environment sust.

/m:s /

Musgo

/'mantn/ /wald/ /gt/

Cabra montesa

/'mantn/ /rends/

Cadena Montaosa

/'ntrl/ /n'varnmnt /

Medio Ambiente

Oak sust.

/k/

Olmo

Oceanic scrublands adj. and


sust

/sh'anik/ /skrbland/

Landas o praderas ocenicas

I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE

hoja

cadca

A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

36

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY


UNIT 4: EUROPE
Pine sust.

/pan/

Pino

Political adj.

/p'ltkl/

Poltico

Prairies sust.

/'prer-/

Praderas

Rabbit adj.

/'rbt/

Conejo

Reindeer sust.

/'rendr /

Reno

Rockrose sust.

/'rkrz/

Jara

small willow adj. and sust.

/sm:l/

Squirrel sus.

/'skwrl/

Ardilla

Steppes sust.

/steps/

Estepas

The International Community


art., adj. and sust.

/i/ /'ntr'nnl/

Thyme sust.

/tam/

Tomillo

To Cut out verb.

/kt at/

Recortar

To Describe verb.

/d'skrab/

Describir

To Translate verb.

/trns'let/

Traducir

Vegetation sust.

/'ved'ten /

Vegetacin

Very adverb.

/'veri/

Muy

Vulture adj.

/'vltr/

Buitre

/'wl/

/k'mju:nti/

I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE

Sauce Enano

La Comunidad Internacional

A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

37

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY


UNIT 4: EUROPE

I.E.S. FERNANDO III EL SANTO / PROYECTO BILINGE

A.N.L.: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

38