You are on page 1of 57

PEMP

RMD510

Design of Radial Turbines &


Turbochargers
Session delivered by:
Prof Q.
Prof.
Q H.
H Nagpurwala

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

Session Objective

PEMP
RMD510

To discuss the design of radial turbines using a

14

procedure based on optimum specific speed


To understand the basic construction and working
of turbochargers
To discuss the design of radial compressor and
radial turbine modules of a typical turbocharger

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

PEMP
RMD510

Design of Radial Turbine


(Based on Specific Speed)

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

PEMP
RMD510

Radial Turbine Layout and Expansion Process


Nozzle
blades

At rotor
t iinlet
l t

Expansion process in a
radial turbine
At rotor outlet

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

Design Guidelines

PEMP
RMD510

From Euler turbine equation, specific work is given by:

A significant contribution comes

from the first term. For an axial flow turbine,


where U2 = U1, no contribution to the specific work is obtained from this term.
A positive contribution to the specific work is obtained from the second term
when w3 > w2. In fact, accelerating the relative velocity through the rotor is a most
useful aim of the designer as this is conducive to achieving a low loss flow.
The third term indicates that the absolute velocity
y at rotor inlet should be larger
g
than at rotor outlet so as to increase the work input to the rotor.
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

Design Guidelines
The
Th

PEMP
RMD510

nominall design
d
i defined
is
d fi d by
b

relative flow with zero incidence at rotor inlet, i.e. W2 = Cr2, and
axial absolute flow at rotor exit,, i.e. C3 = Cx3
Thus,

with Cw3 = 0 and Cw2 = U2, the specific work for the nominal design is

Spouting Velocity:
The term spouting velocity, C0 (originating from hydraulic turbine practice) is
ddefined
fi d as that
h velocity
l i which
hi h hhas an associated
i d ki
i energy equall to the
h
kinetic
isentropic enthalpy drop from turbine inlet stagnation pressure p01 to the final
exhaust pressure. When no diffuser is used
or

With complete recovery of the exhaust kinetic energy, and with Cw2 = U2,
At the best efficiency point, generally, 0.68 < U2 / C0 < 0.71.
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

Design Guidelines
The

PEMP
RMD510

blades are aligned along the radii for much of their length.

Absolute

flow angle at rotor inlet = Nozzle outlet angle = ~ 70.

Absolute
Ab l

flow
fl angle
l at exducer
d
exit
i = 0.
0

Inlet relative velocity should be aligned to the blade direction at inlet, which
means that it should be radial. However,

this may lead to high aerodynamic loading at the tip


as the blade tips are open, such high pressure loading can not be maintained
Max. efficiency in radial inflow turbines is achieved when inlet flow angle is
modified by the concept of slip or deviation as applied to radial compressors.

The
Th

recommended
d d slip
li correlation
l ti is
i that
th t given
i
by
b Wiesner
Wi

Cu ,1,ac
cos 1
w
1
0.7
C
Z
u ,1,tl
14

Z = number of blades (incl. splitter blades)

1 = blade angle w.r.t


w r t radial direction

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

Variation of Slip Factor with Z

PEMP
RMD510

The slip factor for radial bladed rotor varies with the number of blades:

14

Number of radial blades


on rotor pperiphery
p y

Slip factor
Cu,11/u1

9
11
13
15
17
19

0.785
0 813
0.813
0.834
0.850
0.862
0.873

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

Design Data
Inlet temperature

: 1200 K

Inlet pressure

: 300 000 Pa

PEMP
RMD510

Rotor-outlet stagnation pressure : 110 000 Pa


Hot-gas inlet mass flow

: 0.5 kg/s

Fuel/Air ratio

: 0.02

Number of rotor blades

: 13 (radial)

Nozzle outflow angle

: 70 to radial direction

To find: Rotor diameter


Blade axial width at inlet
Rotational speed
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

Inlet Velocity Triangle

act

c1

C1

PEMP
RMD510

W1

Cr,1
r1
Cu,1
u1

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

10

PEMP
RMD510

Inlet Flow Parameters


G
Guess S
Stagnation-to-Stagnation
i
S
i polytropic
l
i efficiency
ffi i
= 0.92
0 92
For 13 blades w= = 0.834
T0, 2
T0,1

p0 , 2

p0,1

cp

p ,c

T0,2 = 961.36 K

Then, T 1080.68 K

c p 1194.64 J/kg K
h 0 C p T 0 285,089 J/kg

act

C1

c1

1 W1
Cr,1

h 0 u12 u1 584.7 m/s


Cu,1 487.6 m/s
C1 518.9 m/s
Cr,1 181.1 m/s
W1 206.4 m/s
14

Cu,1
u1
@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

11

Optimum Specific Speed

Distribution of losses along envelope of


maximum total
total-to-static
to static efficiency
(Rohlik 1968)
14

PEMP
RMD510

Typical performance of radial turbine


(Rohlik 1968)

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

12

Optimum Specific Speed ( contd.)

PEMP
RMD510

Curves for specific speed for radial flow turbine indicate that the max.
efficiency should reach at non-dimensional Ns of 0.6.

N s,op 0.6

2N Vin

60 h
2N d1 Nd1
u1 r1

60 2
60
2 b1

Vin Cr,1 d1 b1 Cr,1 d1


d1
g c h0 u1

34

Cr,1 d1 b1 d1
2

Ns

2 34

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

13

Rotor Inlet Width to Diameter Ratio

PEMP
RMD510

N s2 3 2u13 N s2 3 2 u1
b1

2 2

d1 d1 C r,1 4 C r,1
tan c,1 u1 C r,1
2 12
b1 N s tan c,1

d1
4

Inserting appropriate design inputs,


inputs we get

b1/d1 = 0.072
Bothh b1 andd d1 can be
B
b determined
d
i d by
b calculating
l l i volume
l
flow
fl rate at
rotor inlet.

C1
0.8843
g c RT0 ,1

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

14

Rotor Inlet Mach Number

PEMP
RMD510

Mach number can be determined


from the following relation or
the figure
g
0.8843

1




2
Cp
M
C

2

1
1
R
Cp
g c RT 0
2
1

M 1 0.815

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

15

Calculation of Density
st,1
0 ,1

2
M1

Cp

1
2
R

C p

R

PEMP
RMD510

0.729

The stagnation density at rotor inlet can be assumed equal to that at nozzle
inlet for this preliminary design

0 ,1 p 0 ,1 RT0 ,1 300 10 3 286 .96 120


0 .8712 kg m 3

st,1 0.
0 6353 kg
k m3
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

16

Rotational Speed

PEMP
RMD510

m C r,1 st,1 d1 b1 C r,1 st,1 d12 b1 d 1


0 .5
d
181.11 0 .6353 0 .072
2
1

d 1 138 .6 mm
b1 9 .98 mm
2 N d 1
u1
60 2
60 u1
N
80 560 rpm
d 1
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

17

PEMP
RMD510

Final Design
Having found the basic geometric
parameters of the rotor (and inlet nozzle
vanes), the blade profiles can be generated by

Inlet

Exit

using analytic equations


using

i commercial
i l software,
f
like
lik
BLADEGEN
The

final design has to be arrived at through


iteration between structural integrity
(considering aerodynamic and thermal
loading) and aerodynamic performance.
Finally, the mechanical design should be
carried out, taking due care of the component
manufacturing
g and assemblyy requirements.
q

14

Nozzle
vane

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

Exducer

18

PEMP
RMD510

Design of Turbocharger
(Based on Specific Speed)

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

19

Schematic of a Turbocharger

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

PEMP
RMD510

20

Turbocharger Components

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

PEMP
RMD510

21

Working of Turbocharger

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

PEMP
RMD510

22

PEMP
RMD510

Turbocharger Design Data


Compressor

Turbine

1.0

1.04

Inlet stagnation
g
temperature,
p
,K

300 ((T0,1
0 1)

800 ((T0,4
0 4)

Inlet stagnation pressure, N/m2

1*105 (P0,1)

Find Engine back pressure (P0,4)

Outlet static pressure, N/m2

2* 105(Pst,3)

1.2* 105 (Pst,7)

Air

Combustion
Co
bust o products
p oducts 100%
00%
theoretical air

Cp J/(kg K ) & ( Cp /R )

1010 (3.52)

1172 (4084)

Blade angle
g at periphery
p p y

30 (2)

0 (5)

Specific speed, Ns

0.628

--

dhb,1/ dsh,1

0.60

--

0.82 (p,ts,1-3
0.8
p ts 1 3)

0.82 (p,ts,4-7
0.8
p ts 4 7)

Flow angle at rotor exit, c2 (deg)

60

Flow angle at rotor inlet, c1 (deg)

70

Number of rotor blades,


blades Z

17

13

0.96 (p,tt,1-2)

0.96 (p,tt,5-6)

Mass flow rate, kg/s

Fluid
ud

Polytropic
o y op c efficiency
e c e cy

Polytropic efficiency
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

23

Calculations Planes

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

PEMP
RMD510

24

Wiesners Correlation

PEMP
RMD510

This correlation, defining slip factor, , can be used to calculate


the number of blades, Z, in the radial turbine as well as in the
radial
di l compressor.

cos
Cu,1,ac
1
w
1
0
.
7
C
u
u,
1
,tl
tl
Z

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

25

PEMP
RMD510

Compressor Design Calculations

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

26

Compressor Velocity Triangles

PEMP
RMD510

u2

CCu,2,tl
u,2,tl
Cu,2

Outlet Velocity Triangle

Cr,2 W2
c2=60
60
2=30
30

ush,1
Cx,sh,1
x sh 1
14

h1
w,sh,1 Wsh,1

Inlet Velocity Triangle

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

27

Enthalpy Rise
R

C p

p,c,ts

PEMP
RMD510

T0 ,3 p 0 ,3


T0 ,1 p 0 ,1
p 0 ,3 p st,3 when p,c,ts is used
T0 ,3
2 0 .3484 1.2732
T0 ,1
T 0 ,1 3 0 .2732 300 81.95 K
C pc 1010 J/kgK
Therefore,
and
14

h 0 ,1 3 82722 J/kg

g c h0 ,13 3 4 4879 .9
@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

28

Inlet Volume Flow Rate

PEMP
RMD510

Guess inlet axial velocity


First iteration: 110 m/s
Second iteration: 127.3 m/s (all second iteration values are in parenthesis)
Cx
110

0 .375 0 .434
293 .41
g c RT 0 ,1

For C p R 3 .52 , M 1 0 .32 0 .371


C p R 1

2
0
M

st
Cp

1
2

1.0520 1.0703
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

From slide 15

29

Rotational Speed

PEMP
RMD510

p0 ,1
105

1.1616 kg/m3
0 ,1
R T0 ,1 286.96 300
st,1 1.1042 kg/m3 ( 1.0853 )
m V
st,1 1

V1 0.9056 m 3 /s V1 0.9516

V 0.9214 m /s,

V1 0.9599

60 N s g c h0
N
2 V

30767 rev/min 30500

34

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

30

Compressor Outlet Velocity Diagram

PEMP
RMD510

u2

From Wiesners correlation (slide 25)

CCu,2,tl
u,2,tl
Cu,2

cos 2
Cu,ac
w 1
0.872
0 .7
Cu,tl
Z

Cr,2 W2
c2=60
2=30

For cos 2 cos 30 , Z 17


1
1

Cu,2 tan 2
1

0.676
u2
tan c 2 w
0 .5

g c h0
82772
u2

0.676

d 2 60 u2 /N 219.2 mm
14

0 .5

350.0 m/s
/

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

31

PEMP
RMD510

Inlet Velocity Diagram


Th procedure
The
d
to
t select
l t minimum
i i
Wsh,1 is
i as follows
f ll

1. Choose a value of d sh,1

2 Calculate u sh,1 N / 60d sh,1


2.

2
2
3. Calculate Aa d sh,
1 / 4 1 0.6

4 Calculate m RT0 ,1 /Aa p0 ,1


4.

2
m RT0 /g
/ c
M
M

1
5. from the relation

AP0
Cp
R
1
1
2
calculate M1
Cp
R

6. Calculate pst,1 /p0 ,1 pst,1 C x,1 Wsh,1

Cp

1
R

This pprocedure is given


g
in tabular form in Slide 33,, in which the second iteration
values are given in brackets. The optimum value of dsh,1 is found to be 120 mm.
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

32

PEMP
RMD510

Calculation of Optimum Shroud Parameter


dsh,1 (mm)

100

125

120

ush,1(m/s)
= 1610.97 dsh,1
(= 1575.22 dsh,1)

161.10
(157.22)

201.37
(199.64)

193.32
(191.65)

Aa (m2 ) 0.5027dsh2 ,1 103

5 026
5.026

7 854
7.854

7 2389
7.2389

0.5838

0.3736

0.4053

0.61

0.34

0.37

0.836

0.944

0.934

204 93
204.93

116 06
116.06

127 31
127.31

260.7
(258.5)

232.4
(230.9)

231.5
(230.1)

m RT0 ,1 /A p0 ,1

M1
st, 1 / 0 ,1
C x,1 ( m/s )

0 .86088
Aa st,1 / 0 ,1

Wsh,1 Cx2,1 ush2 ,1


14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

33

Impeller-Diffuser Interface

PEMP
RMD510

The minimum value of Wsh,1 is found to be 230.1 m/s.


Hence, the de Haller velocity ratio, W2 / Wsh,1= 0.83.
This should not lead to diffusion induced separation.
Impeller-Outlet and diffuser-inlet width, b2:

C2 u 2 sin c,2 274.1 m/s


T0 ,2 381.95 K
C2

g c RT0 ,2 0.8281

M 2 0.740
st,2
0.771
0 ,2
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

34

Inducer Hub-Tip Ratio

PEMP
RMD510

Find
Fi d the
th rotor-outlet
t
tl t stagnation
t
ti pressure using
i the
th rotor
t efficiency
ffi i
C
p
R

p,c,tt,1 2

p0 ,2 T0 ,2

p0 ,1 T0 ,1
5
2
Therefore,, p0 ,2 2.262 10 N/m
0 ,2 2.0635 kg/m 3
3
.
st,

1
5909
kg/m
g
st 2

C r,2 C 2 cos 60 137 .1 m/s

b2 m d 2 st,2C r,2 6.69 mm


Inducer hub diameter can be determined from hub-tip ratio
d hb,
hb 1
0.60 d hb,1 0.60 120 72 mm
d sh,1
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

35

Radial Diffuser Stability

PEMP
RMD510

C2 d 2 2 st,2
Re,2
st,2
for mean Tst,2 320 K

2.020 10 5 Ns/m 2
Re,2 2.44 106
b2 r2 0.061
From the Stability limits in Jansens curves
b 2 / r2
0.125
0 08
0.08
0.061
14

(r3 / r2)mx
4.0
29
2.9
2.0 (by interpolation)

80 percent of 2.0 is 1.6


d3 =11.6
6 x 219
219.22 = 350 mm

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

36

Radial Diffuser Stability ( contd.)

PEMP
RMD510

Stable operating range of vaneless diffusers (Jansen, 1964)


14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

37

PEMP
RMD510

Turbine Design Calculations

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

38

Turbine Design Calculations


Turbine Rotor Diameter:

h0 ,e
The turbine has
slightly increased
mass flow,
flow because
of fuel addition, and
must supply windage
and
d bearing
b i power in
i
addition to
compressor power.

PEMP
RMD510

2
u
1
02
.

5 Cu,5

82772 J/kg

g c u5
1.04

cos 5
Cu,5
1
Z e0 .7
Cu,u 5 ,tltl
Cu,5 ,tl u5 and 5 0 ; Z e 13

C u,5 ,ac
0 .834
u5
1.02 82772 .4
u
*
1.04 0 .834
u 5 312 .0 m/s
/ d 5 198 .1 mm
2
5

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

39

Turbine Design Calculations

PEMP
RMD510

Turbine Pressure Ratio:


m e h 0 ,e 1.02 m c h 0 ,c
T 0 ,e

1010
1
.
02

1
.
0

81 .953 69 .27 K
1.04
1172

p 0 ,in T0 ,in

p 0 ,,ex T0 ,,ex

p 0 ,ex

C p

R

800

730 .73
p st,ex

p,e,ts

C p

R

p,e,ts

1.570

p 0 ,in 1.570 1.2 10 5 1.884 10 5 N/m


14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

40

Turbine Design Calculations

PEMP
RMD510

N l Outlet
Nozzle
O l Velocity:
Vl i
The following parameters have been calculated:
Blade speed = 312.0 m/s ; Work coefficient, = 0.834 ; Nozzle angle = 70

Cu,1 u1
tan 70

Cr,1 Cr,1

Cr,1 0.834

0.3035
u1
tan 70
Cr,1 94.70 m/s
Cr,5
cos 70
C5 276.89 m/s
C5
C5
276.89

0.5779
g c RT0
286.96*800

with C p R 4 .084 M 0 .513


14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

41

Turbine Design Calculations

PEMP
RMD510

C p R 1

0
M
1.137
1

st 2 C p R 1
1.884 10 5
0 .8207 kg/m 3 st,5 0 .7215 kg/m 3
0 ,5
286 .96 800
2

The mass flow rate is 1.04 kg/s


Hence, the volume flow rate is 1.441 m3/s,
and the enthalpy drop is 81180 J/kg.

Vin
2 N
Specific speed, N s
60 g c h 0 3 4

14

2 30500
1441

0.797
0 797
3 4
60
81180

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

42

Velocity Function vs Mach Number for Perfect Gases

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

PEMP
RMD510

43

Exit Width to Diameter Ratio

PEMP
RMD510

The optimum specific speed for radial-inflow turbine is about 0.65. The
specific speed of this turbine is high. We might expect that there might be a
problem arriving at an exducer in which the outlet diameter reduce.
Turbine inlet blade width to diameter ratio is calculated using the relation

b1 N s2 tan c1 3 2 N s2 tan c1 1 2

4
4
d1
b5 N s2 tan c 5 1 2

d5
4

0.797

tan 70 0.834
0.1269
4

1 7.9
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

44

Optimum Specific Speed

Distribution of losses along envelope of


maximum total
total-to-static
to static efficiency
(Rohlik 1968)
14

PEMP
RMD510

Typical performance of radial turbine


(Rohlik 1968)

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

45

Turbine Design Calculations

PEMP
RMD510

Outlet Static Density:

The outlet static pressure is specified together with the stagnation


temperature
temperature.

The Mach number here is low, and it will be sufficiently accurate to


guess the static temperature.

pst,6 1.2 105 N/m 2


T0 ,6 730.73 K
Tst,6 725 K

guess

1.2 105
st,6
0.577 kg/m 3
286.96 725
st,5 st,6 1.257
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

46

PEMP
RMD510

Results

The results of the calculations, made for an exducer hub-shroud ratio


of 0.3, are tabulated below:
---

0.8

0.9

1.0

---

0.935

0.881

0.836

---

1.15

1.208

1.314

w,sh,6 tan1 d sh,6 d5 Cx,6 Cr,5

Degrees

75.44

72.77

70.05

w,hb,6 tan
t 1 dsh,6 d5 Cx,6 C5

Degrees

49 12
49.12

44 06
44.06

39 51
39.51

Whb,,6 W5

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

47

Diameter Ratio

PEMP
RMD510

The diameter ratio and the relative flow acceleration are both
marginal at 0.8 velocity ratio. Both are satisfactory at a velocity ratio
of 0.9.

We select

d sh,6
0.881
d5

The flow angles give a guide to the exducer blade angles.


The exducer angles should be set to somewhat higher values to
allow for flow deviation.

An approximate estimate of this deviation would be 33 at the


shroud and 5 at the hub.

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

48

Turbine Hub and Tip Dimensions

PEMP
RMD510

d sh,6 0.881*198.1
174.5 mm
2

34

d hb , 6
N s1
2

1 1

d sh , 6
0.8343 4 0.797
0.712

0.3035
2 1.0.506944 0.702
d hb,6 0.702 174.5 122.49 mm
b5
0.1269
d5
b5 0.1269 198.1 25.138 mm
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

49

Data for Modeling the Compressor

PEMP
RMD510

Inlet Velocity Triangle


At Shroud

At Hub
uhb,1
Cx,hb,1

Whb,1

ush,1 =191.65 m/s

uhb,1 = 114.98 m/s

Cx,sh,1 = 127.3
127 3 m/s

Cx,hb,1 = 127.3 m/s

Wsh,1= 230.1

Whb,1 = 171.53

w,sh,1 = 56.4
14

w,hb,1

w,hb,1 = 42.1
@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

50

Data for Modeling the Compressor


Outlet Velocity Triangle

PEMP
RMD510

=350 m/s
=271
271.3
3 m/s
=236.6 m/s

C2=274.1 m/s

=137.1 m/s
158.08 m/s

137.1

78.7
14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

51

Data for Modeling Turbine

PEMP
RMD510

Inlet Velocity Triangle

act

C5=276.89 m/s

c1=70

w5=28.68

Cr,5=94.7

W5=107.95 m/s

260.19
U5 =312.0 m/s

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

52

Modeling Using CFX

PEMP
RMD510

Creating a Blade:

Radial Impeller Configuration

14

Initial Angle/Thickness Dialog

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

53

Geometric Model - Compressor

PEMP
RMD510

Input Parameters:
Blade

Fluid Domain

14

Dsh = 14 mm
Dhb = 8.5 mm
D2 = 25 mm
D3 = 30 mm
2 = 30
Z = 10

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

54

Geometric Model - Compressor


Blade

Fluid Domain

14

PEMP
RMD510

Input Parameters:
Dsh = 21 mm
Dhb = 5.25 mm
D5 = 30 mm
c5 = 70
Z=9

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

55

3-D CAD Models

PEMP
RMD510

Compressor

Turbine

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

56

Session Summary

PEMP
RMD510

A procedure for design of radial turbines based on optimum


specific
ifi speedd is
i discussed.
di
d

Salient constructional features and working principle of a


turbocharger are presented.
presented

The design of radial machines is explained through step by step


design of compressor and radial turbine modules of a typical
turbocharger

14

@ M S Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru

57