CRE

© All Rights Reserved

16 views

CRE

© All Rights Reserved

- Lab Report 1
- Response
- AIChE1Meet_258b_08
- CHM1046 Quizzes
- Problem Set 1 Solutions
- Unit 5.4
- articulo 1
- An Empirical Rate Equation for the Fructooligosaccharide-Producing
- Batch Cstr Experiment
- Chemistry June 2010 12th Karnataka Board of the Pre-University Education
- 21 - TheUltimateBOD
- Schouten96influence
- 15A Mathematical Model of the Leaching of Gold in Cyanide Solutions
- CRE -II Unit 2 First Part
- Recycle Reactors
- 11.Aboudheir CO2 MEA Kinetics 2003
- v76-34
- 2015CREIIL25
- physical chemistry for life sciences by atkins. Ch 7 24E
- Ravi Rate List

You are on page 1of 84

COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF RATE DATA

Chapter 5

PROF. SRINIVAS KRISHNASWAMY

PROFESSOR & HEAD OF DEPARTMENT

DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

BITS PILANI, K. K. BIRLA GOA CAMPUS

What now??

After this chapter you will be able to focus on

ways of obtaining and analyzing reaction rate

data to obtain the rate law for a specific reaction

Understand the Batch Reactor concept

Mole Balance

Rate Laws

Stoichiometry

Pressure Drop

October 21, 2016

CAMPUS

Design

CAMPUS

CAMPUS

Interpretation of Batch

reactor data

Batch Reactor: Homogeneous data at

constant volume and isothermally

Flow reactor for homogeneous systems

Analysis

October 21, 2016

CAMPUS

Develop or build a rate equation to fit data

CAMPUS

CAMPUS

CAMPUS

CAMPUS

CAMPUS

10

CAMPUS

11

CAMPUS

12

CAMPUS

13

CAMPUS

14

CAMPUS

15

CAMPUS

16

Consider the following reaction that occurs in a constant volume

batch reactor: (We will withdraw samples and record the

concentration of A as a function of time.)

Mole balance

Rate Law

Stoichiometry

CAMPUS

17

PLOT

CAMPUS

18

time (s)

t1

t2

t3

concentration

(mol/dm3)

CAo

CA1

CA2

CA3

CAMPUS

19

time (s)

t1

t2

t3

concentration

(mol/dm3)

CAo

CA1

CA2

CA3

CAMPUS

20

Initial Point: (dCA/dt) at t = to

(-3CAo + 4CA1 CA2)/ 2t

Interior points

Re attempt

problem on Slide

12 using this

method

October 21, 2016

CAMPUS

21

CAMPUS

22

CAMPUS

23

CAMPUS

24

CAMPUS

25

Integral Method

Used normally when order is known and k needs to be

evaluated (for activation energy)

Linear plots of functions of CA vs t for zero, first and second

order reactions

CAMPUS

26

Integral Method

CAMPUS

27

Order Reaction

Caution

CAMPUS

28

Order Reaction

CAMPUS

29

Order Reaction

CAMPUS

30

Order Reaction (Caution 1)

Pseudo First Order reaction

CAMPUS

31

Order Reaction (Caution 1)

CAMPUS

32

Order Reaction (Caution 2)

CAMPUS

33

CAMPUS

34

CAMPUS

35

nth order

CAMPUS

36

nth order

CAMPUS

37

reactions from half life

n not equal to 1

CAMPUS

38

Problem Statement

Reactant A decomposes in a batch reactor

various times with results shown in the following

columns 1 and 2.Find the rate equation to

represent the data.

Problem Solution

Problem Solution

Guess nth order kinetics:

Fractional life method with F = 80%

Taking logarithms

Problem Solution

Accurately plot

Vs

t data

Draw smooth curve

Problem Solution

Pick various concentrations and fill in the

following table from the figure

Problem Solution

Problem Solution

First-Order Reversible

Reactions

Reversible unimolecular-type reaction

Concentration ratio

First-Order Reversible

Reactions

The rate equation is

At equilibrium,

Fractional conversion of A at equilibrium

conditions,

First-Order Reversible

Reactions

Equilibrium constant

Combining the equations

On integration,

First-Order Reversible

Reactions

order irreversible

CAMPUS

50

Reaction

Bimolecular type second order reactions

Second-Order Reversible

Reactions

Restrictions

and

First-Order Reversible

Reactions

A plot is shown in the figure

Consider the reaction

Rate equation

CAMPUS

55

To apply the integral method, separate variables and integrate,

Linearize

CAMPUS

56

Autocatalytic Reactions

CAMPUS

58

Autocatalytic Reactions

CAMPUS

59

Autocatalytic Reactions

CAMPUS

60

Practice Problems

1. The decomposition of acetaldehyde CH3CHO to

give CH4 and CO is a second order reaction. The

rate at a certain temperature is 0.18 mol/l.sec.

when the acetaldehyde concentration is 0.1

mol/min

a. What is the rate expression for this reaction?

b . What is the value of rate constant?

c. Calculate reaction rate when concentration of

CH3COOH is 0.2 mol/l?

18 lit./mol.sec, 0.72 mol/lit.sec

October 21, 2016

CAMPUS

61

Practice Problems

A certain reaction has a rate given by rA=

0.007CA2

If the concentration is to be

expressed in mol/lit. and time is in hours, what

would be the value and units of the rate

constant? (1.167 10-7 lit./mol/hr). rate

expression has units as mol/cm^3/min.

What is the formula for half life period of a first

order reaction? The half life period of a certain

first order reaction is 2.5 103 sec. How long

will take for 1/4th of the reactant the left

behind?

October 21, 2016

CAMPUS

62

Practice Problems

Show analytically that the decomposition of N2O5 at 67

oC is a first order reaction. Calculate the value of the rate

constant 0.3477 min-1

Time /

min

CN2O5 /

mol/lit.

0.16

0.113

0.08

0.056

0.040

partial pressures is given. What is the rate equation?

0.106 CA

Time / min

12

16

PP / mm Hg

760

475

320

240

150

CAMPUS

63

Practice Problems

The half life for the conversion of ammonium

cynate into urea at 303 K at initial

concentrations of ammonium cynate of 0.1 and

0.2 mol/l are 1152 min and 568 min

respectively. What is the order of the reaction?

2

The half lives periods for decomposition of PH3

for different initial pressures is given below: 1

P, Torr

707

79

37.5

t1/2

84

84

84

CAMPUS

64

Practice Problems

Decomposition of a gas is of second order

when the initial concentration of gas is 5 10-4

mol/lit. It is 40% decomposed in 50 min. what

is

the

value

of

rate

constant?

26.67 lit./mol.min

At 25 oC the rate constant for the hydrolysis of

ethyl acetate by NaOH is 6.5 lit per mol per

min., starting with a concentration of base and

ester of 0.03 mol/lit. of each. What proportion

of ester will be hydrolyzed in 10 min? 66.1%

October 21, 2016

CAMPUS

65

Practice Problems

The partial pressure of azo-methane (A) was

observed as a function of time at 600 K with

the results given below. Confirm that the

decomposition A B + C is first order with

respect to A and find the rate constant at this

temperature 3.6 10-4 sec-1

Time in

min

1000

2000

3000

4000

Pressure

(Torr)

820

572

399

278

194

CAMPUS

66

Practice Problems

The data for a chemical reaction A + B P is

given below

CA

CB

-dCA/dt initial

rate

0.5

0.5

0.02

0.5

0.08

1.0

1.0

0.16

October 21, 2016

CAMPUS

67

Practice Problems

The following data for the decomposition of azoisopropane at 270 oC was obtained:

Time (s)

180

360

540

720

1020

Pressure /

Torr

35.15

46.30

53.90

58.85

62.20

65.50

B + C for

calculation purpose, find order of reaction and the

rate constant

K = 1/t ln [(Po / 2Po - P)

CAMPUS

68

Solution

P / Po = (No + x) / No

x = [P / Po 1]No

CAMPUS

69

CA = (No/PoV)(2Po P)

rA = k (No/PoV)(2Po P) = dP/dt

1, 0.00206

CAMPUS

70

Practice Problems

The first order reversible liquid reaction A R

CAo = 0.5 mol/lit, CRo = 0 takes place in a batch

reactor. After 8 minutes the conversion of A is

33.3%. While the equilibrium conversion is

66.7%, find the rate expression dCA/dt =

0.0577CA - 0.0288CR

Liquid B decomposes by first order kinetics and

in a batch reactor. 50% of B is converted in a 5

min run. How much longer would it take to

reach 75% conversion?

October 21, 2016

CAMPUS

71

Volume is linearly related to conversion

Where

is the fractional change in the volume

of the system

Example

Pure reactant

But with 50% inerts present at the start, two

volumes of reactant mixture yield, on complete

conversion, five volumes of product mixture

Zero-order reactions:

Integrating gives,

fractional change in volume versus time yields a

straight line with slope

(Zero order)

(First Order)

First order reaction

Replacing

by V

straight line of slope k

(First Order)

(Second Order)

Second order reaction

Or

The rate is given by

(Second Order)

Replacing

by V and integrating

how to test for those

kinetics

Practice Problems

Find the first order rate constant for the disappearance

of A in a gas phase reaction

2A R, if on holding the pressure, the volume of the

reaction mixture starting with 80% A decreases by 20%

in 3 mins 0.231 min-1

The gas reaction 2A = R + 2S is approximately 2nd order

with respect to A. When pure A is introduced at 1 atm

into a constant volume batch reactor the pressure rises

by 40% in 3 mins. For a constant pressure batch reactor

find the time required for the same conversion and

fractional increase in volume at that time 3.906 min,

increase in volume 40%

Final two

A gas A decomposes irreversibly to form gas A = 2C. The

decomposition is a first order reaction carried out in a

constant pressure batch reactor. Derive an expression

for the volume of the system as a function of time.

Assume that the reacting gases behave ideally

The decomposition of ammonia on a tungsten wire at

856 oC gave the following results

Total Pressure

/ Torr

228

250

273

318

Time / sec

200

400

600

1000

October 21, 2016

CAMPUS

83

Determine the reaction order and specific reaction rate

from experimental data obtained from either batch or

flow reactors.

Describe how to use equal-area differentiation,

polynomial fitting, numerical difference formula

you alter the difficulties or you alter

yourself meeting them

CAMPUS

84

- Lab Report 1Uploaded byTeiyuri Aoshima
- ResponseUploaded byapi-3728640
- AIChE1Meet_258b_08Uploaded byShivangi Garg
- CHM1046 QuizzesUploaded byJules Bruno
- Problem Set 1 SolutionsUploaded byNathan Hale
- Unit 5.4Uploaded byTilak K C
- articulo 1Uploaded bysir karonte
- An Empirical Rate Equation for the Fructooligosaccharide-ProducingUploaded byDemi Listia
- Batch Cstr ExperimentUploaded byNaeem Younis
- Chemistry June 2010 12th Karnataka Board of the Pre-University EducationUploaded byAkshay Pandey
- 21 - TheUltimateBODUploaded byArijit Shome
- Schouten96influenceUploaded byAces King
- 15A Mathematical Model of the Leaching of Gold in Cyanide SolutionsUploaded byuchihaitu
- CRE -II Unit 2 First PartUploaded byTomble Bravo
- Recycle ReactorsUploaded bySourodip Ghoshdastidar
- 11.Aboudheir CO2 MEA Kinetics 2003Uploaded byWalter Perez Yamunaque
- v76-34Uploaded byItalo Vargas Olivera
- 2015CREIIL25Uploaded byBikashGupta
- physical chemistry for life sciences by atkins. Ch 7 24EUploaded byvinay
- Ravi Rate ListUploaded byRAVI BARTIA
- Multiple Reaction System-1Uploaded byANZWAYNE
- Ch 3 - Biological Reaction (additional) [Compatibility Mode].pdfUploaded bysolehah misni
- Ammonia Synthesis KineticsUploaded byYulianto Triyono Hadi
- Thoughts on Problem Solving_ PFR_CSTR ExampleUploaded byRadhi Abdullah
- 362537599-CHEE4367-HW051231.pdfUploaded bypanday
- final05.pdfUploaded byRam chandra
- Kinetic Studies on Extraction of Essential Oil From SandalwoodUploaded byEliezer Enriquez
- Separation and Reaction Numerical MethodsUploaded byAysha Alobeidli
- Haight,Jones 1987 Kinetics and Mechanism of the Iodine-Azide ReactionUploaded byK K Loach
- Equipment Sizing2Uploaded bycristiano

- 000000000001007082Uploaded byFaisal Ali Khan
- ITUPUploaded byAndrea Barroso
- Salt AnalysisUploaded byAditya Verma
- F(C)D Mini Float Level Switch_B0Uploaded byTu Wenting
- Spec_Pages_19824Uploaded byBruno_PT
- Chapter 1 - Introduction to Environmental MicrobiologyUploaded bysandalaila
- Innospec_BeautyBarUploaded byJabones Detergentes Arica
- Kinetics and Evans DiagramUploaded byMatthew Ballard
- Pipeline Design & DraftingUploaded byravish ravindran
- 100 TD Continuous Refining Equipment ListUploaded byWanda Oilpress
- 29669-29366-2-PBUploaded byMohammed Ghisheer
- DioxinUploaded bybamsi1986
- Lecture Notes(Process Biotechnology) 1Uploaded byMohammad Faiz Filanda
- Industrial Manual GrundfosUploaded byingrbarros
- Experiment No 7Uploaded byFaizan Ahmed
- Journal TiwiUploaded byAzmyy Niedlich
- Ch1.pdfUploaded byrashid
- 161036-PA.pdfUploaded byNoolOotsil
- 9701_m16_qp_22Uploaded byCallie Jia Li
- FG_Kat_ENG.pdfUploaded byHosam Abd Allah
- Worldwide+Fuels+Standards+Overview+of+Specifications+and+Regulations+on+Bio)Fuels[1]Uploaded byrashid001
- Tempe Production_with PicturesUploaded byWahidah Mahanani
- Capillary TubeUploaded byziko23
- Experiment 6 - Comparative Investigation of Organic CompoundsUploaded byIson Dy
- Etching of SemiconductorUploaded byhuze_nedian
- Green Propene Hydrogenoysis Glycerol Fe Mo-Mota-2016Uploaded byAnonymous Wcj4C3j
- chem 142 kinetics 1 lab reportUploaded byapi-301782234
- 470 PaperUploaded byMandy Sidelinger
- Standard Welded Wire Mesh Fabric for ConcUploaded byJohneey Deep
- 2. Classical Nucleation TheoryUploaded byswetavag