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University of the Philippines

College of Science

Physics 72
Set A
First Long Exam
Second Semester, AY 20152016

Name:

Instructor:

Section/Class Schedule:

Student Number:

Course:

College:

First Long Exam

Second Semester, AY 20152016

Physics 72

INSTRUCTIONS: Choose the best answer and shade the corresponding circle on your answer
sheet. To change your answer, cross-out and sign your original answer and then shade your
new answer. No computational devices allowed (e.g. calculators, mobile phones). Any form
of cheating in examinations or any act of dishonesty in relation to studies, such as plagiarism,
shall be subject to disciplinary action. Following instructions is part of the exam.
Useful formulas:

Useful constants:

Area
Volume
4
2
3
Sphere (radius=r)
4r
3 r
Cylinder (radius=r, height=h) 2r2 + 2rh r2 h

sin(/3) = cos(/6) = 3/2


cos(/3) = sin(/6) = 1/2

sin(/4) = cos(/4) = 2/2

e
me
0
k

1.60 1019 C
9.1 1031 kg
8.854 1012 C2 /Nm2
8.988 109 Nm2 /C2

1. Silky Glass. A glass rod (+) is rubbed on silk (). Two balls X and Y with the same size
and made of the same material are suspended by insulating threads. The observations are
as follows:
I. Both X and Y are attracted to the silk.
II. Y is attracted to X.
III. X is repelled by the glass rod.
Which of the following is TRUE regarding the system?
A. X: neutral, Y: neutral
B. X: (+), Y: neutral
C. X: neutral, Y: (+)

D. X: (+), Y: ()
E.

2. Icon. A conducting sphere X with charge +2Q is connected to an identically-shaped


insulating sphere Y with charge Q. While they are in contact, the insulating sphere Y is
connected to the ground. The spheres were then separated. What are the final charges of
the two spheres?
A. X: Q, Y: Q
B. X: +Q, Y: +Q
C. X: +2Q, Y: 0

D. X: +2Q, Y: Q
E.

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Physics 72

3. Induction. A positively charged rod is brought


near two uncharged, identical metal spheres
that are in contact. If the spheres are then separated while the rod is still near, what would be
the net charge on the right sphere?
A. No net charge
B. Positive charge
C. Negative charge
D. Either positive or negative charge
E.
For the next two items, consider three infinite line charges on the same plane and separated as
shown. Both 1 and 2 have a positive net charge while 3 has a negative net charge.
4. Endless Sthreengs. What is the net electric field at point P due to the line charges?

|1 | |2 |

+ |3 |
3
2


2k |1 | |2 |
+
|3 |
B.
d
3
2

2k
A.
d

2k
(|1 | |2 | + |3 |)
d
2k
D.
(|1 | + |2 | |3 |)
d
E.
C.

5. Unknwn. If |1 | = |3 | = |0 |, what should |2 | be so that the net electric field at point


P is zero?
A.

4
|0 |
3

B. |0 |

C.

A3

2
|0 |
3

D. zero
E.

First Long Exam

Second Semester, AY 20152016

Physics 72

6. Ikutin mo Sarah G. An electric dipole is immersed in a uniform electric field E as shown. What is the direction of the
net torque on the dipole due to E?
A. Up
B. Down
C. Into the page
D. Out of the page
E.
7. Switch. Consider three identical conducting spheres X, Y, and Z, with initial charges +8Q,
5Q, and +3Q, respectively, as shown. If switches P and Q are then closed, what would
be the final charges on each sphere?
A. X: +6Q, Y: +6Q, Z: +6Q
B. X: +2Q, Y: +2Q, Z: +2Q
C. X: 8Q, Y: +5Q, Z: 3Q
D. X: +8Q, Y: 5Q, Z: +3Q
E.
8. Two Charges. Consider the two charges on the x-axis as shown. Which of the following
statements is/are TRUE?
I. The force experienced by q2 due to q1 points to the +x direction.
II. The force experienced by q1 due to q2 points to the +x direction.
III. The electric field setup by q1 at the location of q2 points to the +x direction.
A. I only

D. II and III only

B. II only
C. I and III only

E.

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9. Octagon. Charges of magnitude Q are on the vertices of


a regular octagon as shown. What is the net electric force
experienced by the charge q at the center of the octagon?
A. zero
kqQ
B. 2 ( + )
a
2kqQ
( + )
C.
a2
kqQ
D. 2 ( )
a
E.
10. Bear face.
Consider the electric field lines
shown.
Which of the following statements is/are
ALWAYS TRUE?
I. Charge Z is positive.
II. Charge Y is positive.
III. Region p has a higher field strength than region s.
A. I only

D. I, II and III

B. II only
C. II and III only

E.

11. Electron under E-field. An electron initially at rest is immersed in a uniform electric field
E = E0 . What will happen to the electron?
A. It will move towards the +x-direction.
B. It will move towards the +y-direction.
C. It will move towards the y-direction.
D. It will remain at rest.
E.
12. Flux flux flux! Consider the electric field vector E = 1 N/C + 2 N/C + 3 N/C k . What is
the electric flux through the surface of a disk with radius 2 m and normal vector along +k ?

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A. +12 Nm2/C
B. +8 Nm2/C
C. 12 Nm2/C

Physics 72

D. 8 Nm2/C
E.

13. Ano ang laman? The net electric flux through a given closed surface S is 2Q/0 . Which
among the following set of point charges can possibly be inside S?
I. {+Q, 2Q, 3Q, +3Q} II. {+6Q, 8Q, Q, +Q} III. {+Q, +3Q, 2Q, +4Q}
D. I and III only

A. II only
B. III only
C. I and II only

E.

14. Ghost law!!! Which among the following statements is/are ALWAYS TRUE?
I. Gausss law is always valid.
II. Gausss law is applicable in calculating the electric field produced by any charge distribution.
III. Gausss law is applicable in calculating the net electric flux through any closed surface.
A. I only
B. I and II only
C. I and III only

D. II and III only


E.

15. Unknown charge! A point charge is located at the center of a cubic surface. If the electric
flux through one of the faces is 20 , what is the charge of the particle?
A. +60 0
B. 60 0

C. +120 0
D. 120 0

E.

16. Tin Can. A cylindrical vase has radius r and height h


with its top end open. It is placed in a uniform electric field E which is at an angle 45 from the vertical as
shown in the figure. What is the electric flux on the vase?
A.

r2E
2

B. r2 E + 2rhE

C. 0
D. r2 hE

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Physics 72

17. Shells. Two identical, very long, thin cylindrical shells


with surface charge density and radius d/4 are located
along y = 0 and y = +3d as shown. What is the net
electric field along the line y = d?

A.
40

B.
80

C. +
40

D. +
80
E.
For the next two items, consider a thick spherical conducting
shell with charge +Q, inner radius R/2 and outer radius R
as shown. A point charge 3Q is placed at the center of the
spherical shells cavity.
18. Density. What is the charge density at the inner surface
of the spherical shell?
A. +

3Q
R2

B. +

3Q
4R2

3Q
R2
3Q
D.
4R2
E.
C.

19. Field. What is the magnitude of the net electric field at a distance of 2R from the spherical
shells center?
A.

Q
20 R2

B.

Q
40 R2

C.

Q
80 R2

D.

Q
160 R2

E.
20. Long line charge. Point P is located at a distance d away from a very long line charge. If
the electric field magnitude at point P is E0 , how much charge does a segment of the line
charge with length d/(8) contain?

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0 E0 d2
A.
2

Second Semester, AY 20152016

0 E0 d2
B.
4

0 E0 d2
C.
2

Physics 72

0 E0 d2
D.
4
E.

For the next three items, consider two charges at the corners
of an equilateral triangle as shown.
21. Press Play. What is the electric potential at point P ?
A. +6 107 V
B. 6 107 V
C. +300 V
D. 300 V
E.
22. Overdrive. What is the minimum work needed by an external force to bring a 2 nC
charge from infinity to point P ?
D. 6 107 J

A. zero
B. +1.2 106 J
C. +6 107 J

E.

23. Conductors. A spherical conducting shell encloses


other conductors as shown with the indicated net charges.
If the outer surface of the spherical shell has a charge of
2Q at electrostatic equilibrium, what is the net charge
of the heart-shaped conductor?
A. +Q
B. Q
C. +2Q
D. 2Q
E.
24. E from V. The electric potential in a certain region is given by the function V (x, y, z) =
2x xz 2 + x2 y 2 . Which of the following is the electric field at any point within the region?
A. E = (2xy 2 z 2 + 2) + (2x2 y) (2xz) k
B. E = (z 2 2xy 2 2) (2x2 y) + (2xz) k
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C. E = (y 2 z 2 + 2) + (2xy) (2xz) k
D. E = (z 2 + y 2 2) (2xy) + (2xz) k
E.
For the next two items, consider the equipotential lines of two charges q1 and q2 as shown.

25. Nature. Which of the following correctly describes the nature of the two charges?
A. |q1 | = |q2 |, same signs
B. |q1 | = |q2 |, opposite signs
C. |q1 | <|q2 |, same signs

D. |q1 | >|q2 |, opposite signs


E.

26. Work. What is the minimum work required for an external force to move a +2 nC charge
from point X to point Y?
A. +80 nJ
B. 80 nJ

C. +280 nJ
D. 280 nJ

E.

For the next two items, consider a rod with charge +Q bent into a semicircle of radius R as
shown.

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Physics 72

27. Elements. What is the electric potential at the origin due to the bent rod?
A. +

2kQ
R

B. +

kQ
R

C. +

2kQ
R2

D. +

kQ
R2

E.
28. Free Fall. If a point charge +q is initially at the origin, what is the work done by the
electric field in bringing the point charge to (0, R) and then back to the origin?
A. zero
2kqQ
B. + 2
R

C. +

kqQ
R

D. +

2kqQ
R

E.

For the next three items, consider the network of capacitors shown. The potential difference
across ab is 30 V.

29. Equivalent Minion. What is the equivalent capacitance of this network?


A. 1.5 nF
B. 16 nF

C. 52 nF
D. 58 nF

E.

30. What a Qt! What is the total charge stored by this network?
A. 1.5 C
B. 1.7 C

C. 45 nC
D. 480 nC

E.

31. Voltes 3.5. What is the potential difference across the 3.5-nF capacitor?
A 10

First Long Exam

A. 10 V
B. 30 V

Second Semester, AY 20152016

C. 175 V
D. 566 V

Physics 72

E.

32. Double D! A 30-F circular parallel-plate capacitor is connected to a 9-V battery and has a
stored charge of 270 C. If the separation distance is doubled while the capacitor remained
connected to the battery, what would be the new charge on the plates?
A. 108 C
B. 135 C

C. 216 C
D. 540 C

E.

33. DYEL?ectric. Two identical capacitors with capacitance C0 are connected


to a potential difference V as shown. If a material with dielectric constant
is inserted between one of the capacitors, what is the charge difference
Qf Qi between the final and initial configurations of the setup?
A. ( 1)C0 V
1
B.
C0 V
2( + 1)
C. +C0 V

D.

C0 V
+1

E.

34. See 1, C too. Two capacitors with C1 = 10 nF and C2 =


40 nF are connected to a potential difference V = 20 V
as shown. What is the total energy stored by the circuit?
A. 0.08 J
B. 1.6 J
C. 3.2 J
D. 10 J
E.
For the next two items, consider an isolated parallel-plate capacitor with area A, initial plate
separation d and stored charge Q.
35. Divided we fall. If the plate separation is doubled, what would be the new energy stored
in the capacitor?

A 11

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2Q2 d
A.
0 A

Second Semester, AY 20152016

Q2 d
B.
20 A

Q2 d
C.
0 A

Physics 72

Q2 d
D.
40 A
E.

36. United we stand. If instead the capacitor is connected to a power supply with potential
difference V and the plate separation is then doubled, what would be the new energy stored
in the capacitor?
0 AV 2
A.
4d

0 AV 2
B.
d

20 AV 2
C.
d

0 AV 2
D.
2d
E.

37. Hot Conductor. The resistivity of a conductor varies linearly with temperature over some
finite temperature range. The resistivity of a certain conductor is 2 108 m at 20 C
and 4 108 m at 60 C. What is the resistivity of the conductor at 40 C?
A. 1.00 108 m
B. 2.67 108 m
C. 3.00 108 m

D. 4.00 108 m
E.

38. Light me up. A 5-W light bulb with a resistance of 20 is connected to an 18-V EMF
source with an unknown internal resistance. At what rate is energy being dissipated by the
internal resistance of the EMF source?
A. 4 W
B. 5 W

C. 8 W
D. 10 W

E.

39. La Mesa. Consider the following current vs. voltage values for a homogeneous conductor.
Voltage (V) Current (mA)
1.0
2.5
2.0
5.0
3.0
10.0
4.0
20.0
5.0
40.0
Based on this, which of the following inferences is/are valid about the conductor?
I. The voltage V , current I, and resistance R does NOT obey V = IR for this conductor.
II. The conductor is non-ohmic.
III. The current increases with voltage.

A 12

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Physics 72

D. I, II and III

A. II only
B. I and III only
C. II and III only

E.

40. Cylinders. Cylindrical conductors are constructed in various sizes with the same material
as shown. If the resistance is measured with respect to the circular ends of each cylinder,
which pair of conductors have the same resistance?

41. Twin Wires. Wire A has current IA , radius rA , and carrier drift velocity vA . Wire B has
the same current but twice the carrier drift velocity as wire A. If both wires have the same
free-electron density, what should be the radius of wire B?
A 13

First Long Exam

A. 2rA
rA
B.
2

Second Semester, AY 20152016

C.

rA
D.
2

2rA

A 14

Physics 72

E.