You are on page 1of 119

David Pauta, Power Systems

Global sales program


Protection applications and system solutions

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 1

Bay protection solutions


Protection applications and system solutions
Content

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 2

Fundamental aspects

Physical arrangements

Line protection concepts

Transformer protection concepts

Busbar protection concepts

Communication and GOOSE in protection systems

Trends and potentials

Application example

Disturbance recorder

Retrofit of protection systems

Marketing and sales

Competitors in protection field

Bay protection solutions


Fundamental aspects

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 3

Bay protection solutions


The basic principles

The failure of any object in the network cannot be allowed to cause a


permanent danger to people, animals, nature or other objects

The damage to the faulted object shall be limited

The disturbance on consumer-level shall be kept to a minimum

The protection system must present:

Selectivity (Selectividad)

Speed (Velocidad)

Reliability (Seguridad)

Dependability (Confiabilidad)

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 4

Bay protection solutions


The need for protection

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 5

Bay protection solutions


The need for protection
35ms

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 6

100ms

500ms

Bay protection solutions


Electromechanical relays

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 7

The first generation

Bay protection solutions


Electronic (static) relays

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 8

The second generation

Bay protection solutions


Micro-processed relays

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 9

Bay protection solutions


Numerical relays

Tecnology based on microprocessors

High reliability

Self-supervision (watch-dog)

Multi-function protection capability, including control, monitoring, etc.

Event and fault recorders

Disturbance recorders

Measurement A, V, kW, kVA, kVAr, kWh, kVAh, kVArh, PF, etc.

Communication interfaces

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 10

Bay protection solutions


IED Intelligent Electronic Devices

IEC 61850 compliant

Designed to communicate

Extensive function library and powerful hardware


platform

Fast and reliable Ethernet communication

Efficient engineering and handling

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 11

Bay protection solutions


Standards and functional descriptions
IEC 61850

ANSI

Function description

IEC 61850

ANSI

Function description

T2WPDIF

87T

Transformer differential protection, two windings

PDIF

87L

Line differential protection

T3WPDIF

87T

Transformer differential protection, three windings

PDIF

87B

Busbar differential protection

REFPDIF

87N

Restricted earth fault protection, low impedance

PDIF

87G

Generator differential protection

PHPIOC

50

Instantaneous phase overcurrent protection

PDIF

87M

Motor (machine) differential protection

OC4PTOC

51/67

Four step directional phase overcurrent protection

PDIS

21

Distance protection

EFPIOC

50N

Instantaneous residual overcurrent protection

RPSB

68

Power swing detection

EF4PTOC

51N/67N

Four step directional residual overcurrent protection

PPAM

78

Out-of-step protection

RBRF

50BF

Breaker failure protection

PTUC

37

Undercurrent protection

PTUV

27

Undervoltage protection

PTTR

49

Thermal overload protection

PTOV

59

Overvoltage protection

PTOC

46

Negative sequence based overcurrent function

PTOV

59N

Residual overvoltage protection

RSYN

25

Synchrocheck, energizing check, and synchronizing

PTUF

81 (U)

Underfrequency

RREC

79

Autoreclose

PTOF

81 (O)

Overfrequency

PTRC

94

Tripping logic

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 12

Bay protection solutions


Examples of functionalities

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 13

Bay protection solutions


Protection requirements
87B

87B

87T

BU

BU

BU

87T

21

Traditional protection requirements

87L

87L

New additional requirements

Fast clearance of faults


Reliable fault isolation

Optimized, pre-designed protection solutions


from distribution to EHV

Avoid heavy damages to primary and


secondary equipment

Prevent cascading trips & keep power losses


small
Maintain maximum power availability

Flexible realization of protection philosophy


and schemes
Scalable hardware and functionality

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 14

21

Reliable protections schemes to achieve


maximum security

Fully modeled schemes according IEC 61850


and efficient integration into IEC 61850compliant systems
Convenient selection, simple ordering and
fast delivery

Bay protection solutions


Protection requirements
87B

87B

87T

BU

BU

BU

87T

21

Typical applications

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 15

Generation, transmission, subtransmission


and distribution levels

Unit and/or non-unit protections

Time-graded protections as backup

21

87L

87L

Typical functions

87T (PDIF) : Transformer differential protection

87B (PDIF) : Busbar differential protection

21 (PDIS) : Line distance protection

87L (PDIF) : Line differential protection

Bay protection solutions


The protection must be adapted to

Long overhead line


Short overhead line
Cables

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 17

Phase selection, impedance reach,


Communication schemes
Danger of overreach (POTT, blocking,
differential, communication links)
Inaccurate zero-sequence impedance
(Differential, POTT)

Compensation devices

Series or parallel compensation

Parallel lines

Fault current reversal

Weak end Infeed

Echo logic

short

medium

long

Transmission lines

Bay protection solutions


The protection must be adapted to
Power transformers

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 18

Number of windings

Two or three

Bus arrangement

Single bus, double bus or 1 breaker

Transformers with tertiary

Tertiary loaded or not loaded

Number of tanks

One 3-phase tank or one tank per phase (+


spare)

Tap-changer

Regulation range

Cooling

Forced ONAF or natural ONAN

Connection group

Zero-sequence current suppression

Neutral grounding

Max. allowed zero-sequence current, grounding


transformers

Bay protection solutions


The protection must be adapted to

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 19

short

medium

long

Busbars

Types of substations

Single bus, double bus or 1 beaker

Operating principle

High/medium impedance, low impedance

Types of earthing

Solidly earthed, low imped., high imped., etc.

Security

Undervoltage release, overcurrent release

High speed operation

High impedance

Availability of CT cores

5P, TPX, Class X, ANSI C Class.

Substation Automation Systems


Allocation of Functions
Functional allocation

Station
Level

Bay Level

Process
Level

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 20

Station automation
Monitoring
Fault evaluation
Event and alarm viewing
and acknowledgement
Remote communication for
telecontrol and supervision
Protection
Control
Monitoring
Interlocking
Data acquisition
GIS or AIS switchgear
Instrument transformers
Power transformers
Surge arresters
Non-conventional transformers

Modern bay protection solutions


Requirements
Traditional protection requirements
Fast clearance of faults
Reliable fault isolation
Avoid heavy damage to primary and secondary
equipment
Prevent cascading trips and minimizes power
losses
Maintain maximum power availability
Reliable protection schemes to achieve
maximum security

New additional requirements


Optimized, standard protection solutions for
applications from Distribution to EHV
Flexible realization of protection philosophy and
schemes
Scalable hardware and functionality
Fully modeled schemes compliant with IEC
61850 for efficient integration into IEC 61850compliant systems
Convenient selection, simple ordering and fast
delivery

Modern bay protection solutions meet all traditional protection


requirements and are ready for future requirements
ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 21

RESP07
Protection and control panel
The RESP panel can be ordered to the following
specifications:
Size (variable width):
2000 x 800 x 800 / 1200 / 1600 mm
2200 x 800 x 800 / 1200 / 1600 mm
Protection class: IP54
Color: RAL 7032 or RAL 7035
Heating / thermostat / light
Hygrostat
Wiring of control, signal and VT circuits
1.5 or 2.5 mm2
Wiring of CT circuits
2.5 or 4 mm2
Wiring
PVC
Halogen-free
Wire markers
Spare terminal blocks
Any other panel type or panel requirement can be applied
on request
ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 22

Example
Bay protection solutions
Line

Transformer

Transformer

short

Line

medium

Line

long

Bus coupler

Process connections

IEC61850-8-1
M1 / Group 1

Panel Interconnections

M2 / Group 2
Busbar

Solution 1

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 23

Solution 2

Solution 3

Solution 4

Solution 5

Solution 6

Bay protection solutions


Physical arrangements

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 24

Bay protection solutions


Redundant scheme with main 1 and main 2
Battery 1

Main 1

Trip,
Fault-type1)

Battery 2

AR

1-or 3-pole
trip allowed

Trip,
Fault-type1)

Main 2

1-or 3-pole
trip allowed
Start and trip,
fault-type or
trip, fault-type

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 25

Close
Position, O-C-O, C-O
Trip 2
Position for DEF2)

Trip 1
Position for DEF 2)

1)

2) Alternatively,

block DEF for


1-pole AR

Bay protection solutions


Scheme with main and backup (reduced redundancy)
Battery 1

Main 1

Battery 2

Trip,
Fault-type1)

AR

1-or 3-pole
trip allowed
Close
Position, O-C-O, C-O
Trip 2

2)

delayed

Trip 1
Position for DEF
ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 26

Backup

3-pole trip delayed,


without AR

Start and
trip, fault-type
or trip, faulttype

1)

2) Alternatively,

Block DEF for


1-pole AR

Bay protection solutions


Scheme with main and stand-by (reduced redundancy)
Battery 1

Main

Trip,
Fault-type1)

Battery 2

Stand-by
AR

1-or 3-pole
trip allowed

Instantaneous
functions

Close
Position, O-C-O, C-O
Trip 2

normally blocked,
released if Main is out
of function

Backup
Delayed
functions
always active

Trip 1
Position for DEF 2)

Main out of function

3-pole trip,
without AR

Start and
trip, fault-type
or trip, faulttype
1)

2) Alternatively,

Block DEF for


1-pole AR

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 27

Bay protection solutions


Physical arrangements for P&C panels
Arrangement 1

Main 1

Main 2

Arrangement 2

Control

Main 1

Arrangement 3

Main 2

Main 1

Control

Main 2

Arrangement 4

Control

Main 1
Main 2
Control

TRIP

TRIP

Arrangement 5

Main 1

TRIP

Main2 /
Control

TRIP

Integration of protection and control in the same IED


ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 28

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

Arrangement 7

Arrangement 6

Arrangement 8

Main 1

Main 1

Main 2

Main 2 /
Control

Control 1

Control 2

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

Redundant control

Main 1 /
Control 1

Main 2 /
Control 2

TRIP

TRIP

Redundant control integrated with protection

Bay protection solutions


Centralized busbar protection
=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QA1
=QA1

=QA1

=QB9

=QB9
=QC9

=QC9

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 29

=QA1

=Q1

=Q2

Main 1

Main 1

Main 1

Main 2

Main 2

Main 2

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

=Q3

BBP

TRIP

Bay protection solutions


Distributed busbar protection

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QA1
=QA1

=QA1

=QB9

=QB9
=QC9

=QC9

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 30

=QA1

=Q1

=Q2

Main 1

Main 1

Main 1

Main 2

Main 2

Main 2

Bay Unit

Bay Unit

Bay Unit

Bay Unit

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

=Q3

Central
Unit

Bay protection solutions


Distributed busbar protection: main 1 + main + control

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QA1
=QA1

=QA1

=QB9

=QB9
=QC9

=QC9

=Q1

87B
REB500
Central Unit

TRIP

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 32

=QA1

=Q2

=Q3

Main 1
REL670

Main 1
REL670

Main 1
RET670

Main 1
REL670

Main 2
REL670

Main 2
REL670

Main 2
RET670

Main 2
REL670

Control
REC670

Control
REC670

Control
REC670

Control
REC670

Bay Unit
REB500

Bay Unit
REB500

Bay Unit
REB500

Bay Unit
REB500

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

Bay protection solutions


Distributed busbar protection: main 1 + main 2 + control

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QA1
=QA1

=QA1

=QB9

=QB9
=QC9

=QC9

=Q1

87B
REB500Sys
Central Unit

TRIP

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 33

=QA1

=Q2

=Q3

Main 1
REL670

Main 1
REL670

Main 1
RET670

Main 1
REL670

Main 2 / BU
REB500

Main 2 / BU
REB500

Main 2 / BU
REB500

Main 2 / BU
REB500

Control
REC670

Control
REC670

Control
REC670

Control
REC670

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

Bay protection solutions


Centralized busbar protection: main 1 + main 2 + control

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QA1
=QA1

=QA1

=QB9

=QB9
=QC9

=QC9

=Q1

87B
REB670

TRIP

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 34

=QA1

=Q2

=Q3

Main 1
REL670

Main 1
REL670

Main 1
RET670

Main 1
REL670

Main 2
REL670

Main 2
REL670

Main 2
RET670

Main 2
REL670

Control
REC670

Control
REC670

Control
REC670

Control
REC670

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

Bay protection solutions


Distributed busbar protection: main 1 + main 2 & control

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QA1
=QA1

=QA1

=QB9

=QB9
=QC9

=QC9

=Q1

87B
REB500
Central Unit

TRIP

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 35

=QA1

=Q2

=Q3

Main 1
REL670

Main 1
REL670

Main 1
RET670

Main 1
REL670

Main 2 & C
REL670

Main 2 & C
REL670

Main 2 & C
RET670

Main 2 & C
REL670

Bay Unit
REB500

Bay Unit
REB500

Bay Unit
REB500

Bay Unit
REB500

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

Bay protection solutions


Centralized busbar protection: main 1 + main 2 & control

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QB1

=QA1
=QA1

=QA1

=QB9

=QB9
=QC9

=QC9

=Q1

87B
REB670

TRIP

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 36

=QA1

=Q2

=Q3

Main 1
REL670

Main 1
REL670

Main 1
RET670

Main 1
REL670

Main 2 & C
REL670

Main 2 & C
REL670

Main 2 & C
RET670

Main 2 & C
REL670

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

TRIP

Bay protection solutions


Line protection concepts

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 37

Bay protection solutions


Line protection
Line differential protection

ZK = Uk / Ik

Uk
Fault

Zk
IB

IA

87L

87L

Phase-Phase Loop

Fault

Zm =
Uk=0

IK

Zm =

I ph 1 I ph 2

Eph1
Iph1 +KN 3I0

KN =

Z0 Z1
3Z1

Distance mho
X
ZZ2

ZZ2

I diff = I A + I B

Protection

Full scheme

Phase selection

Power swing

Teleprotection

ZZ1
Operate

I rest =

E ph 1 E ph 2

Distance quadrilateral
X

Restraint

Phase-to-Earth Loop

21

Cartesian plan

Idiff

Series
compensation

Line distance protection

I A + IB
2

ZZ1

-rca

Irest

Protection

Full scheme

Phase selection

Power swing

Teleprotection

-rca
R

Characteristics:

Characteristics:

Characteristics:

Benefits:

Excellent tripping time <25 ms


Completely phase segregated measurement
Extremely stable for external faults
Very good sensitivity for internal faults
Flexible communication configuration
Low CT requirements, and different CT ratio
Dual slope stabilization
Minimum operate current 10-150%
Transfer trip can be sent to all terminals

Possible to set resistive and reactive reach


independently for positive and zero sequence fault
loops
Possible to set individual fault resistance settings for
phase-phase and phase-earth fault together
Load encroachment algorithm improves the
probability of detecting high resistive faults without
conflicting with the load impedance

The use of load a encroachment algorithm improves


the probability of detecting high resistive faults without
conflicting with the load impedance
Possible to use the phase-to-earth quadrilateral
impedance characteristic together with the mho
characteristic increases the probability of overcoming
potential desensitization of the mho element due to the
shaping of the curve at remote end faults.

Increase power transfer


Increase stability limit
etc.

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 38

Challenges:
Current inversion
Voltage Inversion
Transients (SC, MOV,
Spark Gap)
etc.

The principle of distance protection


ZK=Uk/ Ik

Uk

Uk=0

metallic

fault

k
B

Z<
The

impedancekis proportional to the distance!

Combination of reach and timers: selectivity

can measure the fault distance.


I

can put some timers..


What can I do?

Combination of reach and timers: selectivity


t3
t2
t1

Z<

Z<

Distance

protection has different functional zones with different


impedance reaches

With

a combination of distance reach setting and functional delay for


each zone selectivity is relatively easy to achieve.

Combination of reach and timers: selectivity


t3
t2
t1

Z<

Z<

Z<

Z<
t3
t2
t1

Combination

of reach and timers: selectivity

t3
t2
t1

f1

Z<

f2

Z<
t3
t2
t1

Combination of reach and timers: selectivity


t3
t2
t1

f3

Z<

Z<

Z<

Z<
t3
t2
t1

Bay protection solutions


The need for teleprotection schemes
Zone 2
Zone 1
Busbar A

Busbar B

t = 0 ms

Zone 1

t = 300 ms

Zone 2

ZZ2

ZZ2

Line distance protection


B

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 45

ZZ1

Typical impedance settings:

Typical time settings:

Zone 1 = 80% of ZL

Time Zone 1 = 0 ms (instantaneous)

Zone 2 = 120% of ZL

Time Zone 2 = 300 400 ms (time delayed)

ZZ1

Bay protection solutions


Permissive schemes

Underreach

Permissive

The permission is sent by


underreach zone

Permission to trip,
instantaneously
Overreach

The permission is sent by


overreach zone
ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 46

Bay protection solutions


Permissive underreach
Zone 2
Zone 1
Busbar A

Busbar B

send

Telecom

receive

&

Zone 1
TRIP

Zone 2

Zone 3

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 47

Zone 2

Zone 1
Zone 3

1
1

TRIP

Permissive Underreaching Scheme - PUTT


ZM02

400 ms

ZM01

ZM02
ZM01

ZCOM-TRIP

= ZM02-START * CarrierReceive

CarrierSend

= ZM01-START

400 ms

Permissive Overreaching Scheme - POTT


ZM02

400 ms

ZM01

ZM02

400 ms

ZM01

Same

ZCOM-TRIP

= ZM02-START * CarrierReceive

CarrierSend

= ZM02-START

In

PUTT it is ZM01-START!

as in PUTT

Which

characteristic area? Metallic fault


The

relay measures one impedance

The impedance is a vector in the


impedance plane (phasor).
For

a metallic fault (fault resistance = 0),


the distance is proportional to the line
impedance ZL.

Which

characteristic area? Resistive fault


The

relay measures the sum between


line impedance (if fault at 100% of the
line) and the fault resistance

The impedance is a vector in the


impedance plane (phasor).

Radial feeder mapping of faults in Z plane


How

will a resistive fault look like in the impedance plane?


Z1

I
L1

Z1
L2

Tower
R5

R4

R3

R2

Footing Resistance

R1

Z1
L3

R1
ZN

N
I

ZN

Z1

R2

R3

R4
R5

Radial feeder Quadrilateral characteristic


The

white region is the impedance locus we want to cover with the distance protection
characteristic.
R1
ZN
Z1
R2

R3

R4

R5

Bay protection solutions


Line protection
Line differential protection

ZK = Uk / Ik

Uk
Fault

Zk
IB

IA

87L

87L

Phase-Phase Loop

Fault

Zm =
Uk=0

IK

Zm =

I ph 1 I ph 2

Eph1
Iph1 +KN 3I0

KN =

Z0 Z1
3Z1

Distance mho
X
ZZ2

ZZ2

I diff = I A + I B

Protection

Full scheme

Phase selection

Power swing

Teleprotection

ZZ1
Operate

I rest =

E ph 1 E ph 2

Distance quadrilateral
X

Restraint

Phase-to-Earth Loop

21

Cartesian plan

Idiff

Series
compensation

Line distance protection

I A + IB
2

ZZ1

-rca

Irest

Protection

Full scheme

Phase selection

Power swing

Teleprotection

-rca
R

Characteristics:

Characteristics:

Characteristics:

Benefits:

Excellent tripping time <25 ms


Completely phase segregated measurement
Extremely stable for external faults
Very good sensitivity for internal faults
Flexible communication configuration
Low CT requirements, and different CT ratio
Dual slope stabilization
Minimum operate current 10-150%
Transfer trip can be sent to all terminals

Possible to set resistive and reactive reach


independently for positive and zero sequence fault
loops
Possible to set individual fault resistance settings for
phase-phase and phase-earth fault together
Load encroachment algorithm improves the
probability of detecting high resistive faults without
conflicting with the load impedance

The use of load a encroachment algorithm improves


the probability of detecting high resistive faults without
conflicting with the load impedance
Possible to use the phase-to-earth quadrilateral
impedance characteristic together with the mho
characteristic increases the probability of overcoming
potential desensitization of the mho element due to the
shaping of the curve at remote end faults.

Increase power transfer


Increase stability limit
etc.

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 54

Challenges:
Current inversion
Voltage Inversion
Transients (SC, MOV,
Spark Gap)
etc.

Bay protection solutions


Line differential protection

Busbar A

Busbar B

IA

Telecom

Comm

IB

Comm

TRIP

TRIP
Idiff

I diff = I A + I B

I diff = I A + I B

Operate

Idiff

Operate

Restraint
Irest

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 55

I rest =

I A + IB
2

I rest =

I A + IB
2

Restraint
Irest

RED 670, Functionality


Line

Protection: Distance/Differential Protection

Distance Protection

Local measurements of voltage and


current

Enables remote back-up protection

Communication not primarily needed

Great Flexibility

Independent of IED at the other line


end

Differential Protection

Instantaneous fault clearance

Absolute selectivity

Best for Multi-terminal lines

High sensitivity

Not sensitive for power swing

Suitable for series compensated


systems

Suitable for protection of short lines

Easy to set

RED 670, Functionality


Differential

and Distance Protection

Differential Protection: Dependent of communication.

Distance protection in RED 670: Selective back-up protection if the communication is


unavailable.

The distance protection will also serve as protection (main protection or back-up
protection) for the adjacent bus bar.

RED 670, Application with up to 5 ends

RED 670, Application with three ends and 2 CT per bay

RED 670, Application with transformer in the zone

RED

670, Principal of operation

CAP531

RED

670, Principal of operation


Fundamental

frequency current phasors

I1

I2

RED
670

RED
670

RED
670

Differential
in

and bias current

phase L1

I3

I DiffL1 = I1 L1 + I 2 L1 + I 3 L1

I BiasL1 = max( I1 L1 , I 2 L1 , I 3 L1 )

RED

670, Principal of operation


The

Characteristic

Unrestrain

I
diff

SlopeSection3

IMaxAddDelay

Operation
IdMinHigh
SlopeSection2

Restrain

I
dmin

Section

EndSection1

I
bias

EndSection2

Section

Section

RED 670, Diff Communication

Rx

x
Rx

x
Serial

Digital Synchronous 64 kbps

RED 670, Principal of operation; Master- Master


A

IA

IB
Local

Master

Trip

Local

Trip
Master

IA

IB

RED 670, Principal of operation; Master- Slave


A

IA

IB
Local

Trip

Remote

Master

Trip

Slave

IB

Slave

is selected by set Operation=OFF

RED 670, Diff communication


Master

Master

Master

Bay protection solution


Transmission, medium Lines, differential/distance with AR
Feeder
voltage level

Functionality /
protection concept

Main 1

Line bay single / double bus


BB I
BB II
QB1

QB2

QA1

BI1
BI2
BI3
BI4
BU1

protection
IEC
ANSI
PDIF
87L
PDIS
21
PTOC 51/67N
PTOC 51/67
PIOC
50/50N
PTOV 59/59N
RPSB 78
PSOF SOTF
PTRC 94
RDRE 95DR
GGIO DTT
Main 2
protection
IEC
ANSI
PDIS
21,85
PTOC 51/67N
PTOC 51/67
PIOC
50/50N
PTOV 59/59N
RPSB 78
PSOF SOTF
PTTR 49
PTRC 94
RDRE 95DR
GGIO DTT
Add on
package

busbar &
breaker failure
protection
IEC
ANSI
PDIF
87B
RBRF 50/62BF
PTOC 51EFP
RDRE 95DR
PTRC 94

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 74

Option
package
IEC
RSYN
RREC

ANSI
25
79

Option
package
IEC
RSYN
RREC

ANSI
25
79

Add on
package
general
IEC
27
69

ANSI
TCS
Latch

Relay hardware

Main 1 RED670
16 binary inputs,
24 binary outputs,
6 analog voltage inputs
6 analog current inputs
1 C37.94 : 3 km 100 km

Main 2 REL670
16 binary inputs,
24 binary outputs,
6 analog voltage inputs
6 analog current inputs
1 C37.94 : 3 km 100 km

Bay unit REB500


16 binary inputs,
24 binary outputs,
6 analog voltage inputs
6 analog current inputs

Bay protection
solution

Bay protection solutions for transmission systems


Example for line protection
Line protection application

Transmission

Main protection functions

Typical hardware

Application

IED

ANSI

IEC61850

Physical

Communication

Main 1

RED670
1xCB - 1pTrip

87L, 21(3Z), 67N, 85, 50,


51, 59, 49, 79M, 79F,
25M, 25F

PDIF, PDIS, PDSE,


PSCH, PIOC, PTOC,
PTOV, PTTR, RREC,
RSYN

19 casing
1xBIM, 1xBOM,
1xIOM,1xTRM
6I + 6U ( Default)

1xOEM-IEC61850
1xLDCM-C37.94

Main 2

RED670
1xCB - 1pTrip

87L, 21(3Z), 67N, 85, 50,


51, 59, 49, 79M, 79F,
25M, 25F

PDIF, PDIS, PDSE,


PSCH, PIOC, PTOC,
PTOV, PTTR, RREC,
RSYN

19 casing
1xBIM, 1xBOM,
1xIOM,1xTRM
6I + 6U ( Default)

1xOEM-IEC61850
1xLDCM-C37.94

Main 1

RED670
1xCB - 1pTrip

87L, 21(3Z), 67N, 85, 50,


51, 59, 49, 79M, 79F,
25M, 25F

PDIF, PDIS, PDSE,


PSCH, PIOC, PTOC,
PTOV, PTTR, RREC,
RSYN

19 casing
1xBIM, 1xBOM,
1xIOM,1xTRM
6I + 6U ( Default)

1xOEM-IEC61850
1xLDCM-C37.94

Main 2

REL670
QuadDist-1CB-1pTrip

21(5Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51,


59, 49, 79, 25

PDIS, PDSE, PSCH,


PIOC, PTOC, PTOV,
PTTR, RREC, RSYN

19 casing
1xBIM, 1xBOM, 1xIOM,
1xTRM
6I + 6U (Default)

1xOEM-IEC61850

Main 1

REL670
QuadDist-1CB-1pTrip

21(5Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51,


59, 49, 79, 25

PDIS, PDSE, PSCH,


PIOC, PTOC, PTOV,
PTTR, RREC, RSYN

19 casing
1xBIM, 1xBOM, 1xIOM,
1xTRM
6I + 6U (Default)

1xOEM-IEC61850

Main 2

REL670
QuadDist-1CB-1pTrip

21(5Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51,


59, 49, 79, 25

PDIS, PDSE, PSCH,


PIOC, PTOC, PTOV,
PTTR, RREC, RSYN

19 casing
1xBIM, 1xBOM, 1xIOM,
1xTRM
6I + 6U (Default)

1xOEM-IEC61850

Short line

Medium line

Long line

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 75

Bay protection solutions for subtransmission and distribution


Example for line protection
Transformer protection
application

Subtransmission and distribution

Main protection functions

Application

IED

ANSI

IEC61850

Physical

Communication

Main 1

RED615

87L, 50, 51, 49,


50/62BFP, 79

PDIF, PIOC, PTOC,


PTTR, RBRF

4U 179.8mm casing,
1 PSM (6BO),
1 BIO (8BI,4BO),
1 BIO (6BI, 3BO),
1 TRM (4I + 1U, 3BI)

1xIEC61850

67N, 50, 51, 49

PIOC, PTOC, PTTR

4U 179.8mm casing,
1 PSM (6BO),
1 BIO (8BI,4BO),
1 TRM (4I + 1U, 3BI)

1xIEC61850

21(3Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51,


59, 49, 79, 25

PDIS, PSCH, PIOC,


PTOC, PTOV, PTTR,
RREC, RSYN

4U 19 casing,
1 COM (14BI),
1 PSM (9BO),
1 BIO (9BI, 9BO),
1 TRM (5I + 4U)

1xIEC61850

67N, 50, 51, 49

PIOC, PTOC, PTOV,


PTTR

4U 19 casing,
1 COM (14BI),
1 PSM (9BO),
1 BIO (9BI, 9BO),
1 TRM (5I + 4U)

1xIEC61850

21(5Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51,


59, 49, 79, 25

PDIS, PDSE, PSCH,


PIOC, PTOC, PTOV,
PTTR, RREC, RSYN

6U 19 casing,
1 COM (14BI),
1 PSM (9BO),
2 BIO (9BI, 9BO),
1TRM 5I + 5U

1xIEC61850

21(5Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51,


59, 49, 79, 25

PDIS, PDSE, PSCH,


PIOC, PTOC, PTOV,
PTTR, RREC, RSYN

6U 19 casing,
1 COM (14BI),
1 PSM (9BO),
2 BIO (9BI, 9BO),
1TRM 5I + 5U

1xIEC61850

1-CB, 3-pole trip

Short / medium lines


Backup

Main 1

REF615
1-CB, 3-pole trip

REF630
1-CB, 3-pole trip

Medium / long lines


Backup

Main 1

REF630
1-CB, 3-pole trip

REL650
1-CB, 3-pole trip

Long lines
Main 2

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 76

Typical hardware

REL650
1-CB, 3-pole trip

Bay protection solutions


Transformer protection concepts

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 77

Bay protection solutions


Transformer protection
Typical functionality

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 78

Two- and three-winding


applications

Stabilization of up to six inputs

Inrush current stabilization

Second harmonic

Waveform

Fifth harmonic stabilization at


overvoltage

Sensitivity influenced by tap


changer position

Selectable subtraction of zero


sequence currents

RET 670 Transformer Differential Protection

Transformer differential protection (PDIF, 87T)

Two-winding or three-winding

Two-winding variant up to 4 three-phase CT inputs

Three-winding variant up to 6 three-phase CT inputs


T2D1T2WPDIF

T3D1T3WPDIF

I3PW1CT1

I3PW1CT1

I3PW1CT2

I3PW1CT2

I3PW2CT1

I3PW2CT1

I3PW2CT2

I3PW2CT2
I3PW3CT1
I3PW3CT2

RET 670 Transformer Differential Protection

Transformer differential protection (PDIF, 87T)

Two-winding connections

Single CT on both sides


T2D1T2WPDIF
I3PW1CT1
I3PW1CT2
I3PW2CT1
I3PW2CT2

RET 670 Transformer Differential Protection

Transformer differential protection (PDIF, 87T)

Two-winding connections

2 CTs, on one or both sides


T2D1T2WPDIF
I3PW1CT1
I3PW1CT2
I3PW2CT1
I3PW2CT2

RET 670 Transformer Differential Protection

Transformer differential protection (PDIF, 87T)

Functionality

Three-section operate/restrain characteristic

Highset unrestrained limit

Reset ratio 0.95


Idiff

Section

Section

Section

Settings:

Idunre

IdMin
IdUnre
Slope

Slope
Section

Section

EndSection1

EndSection2
SlopeSection2

Idmin

SlopeSection3
End

End

of

Section

of

Section

Ibias

RET 670 Transformer Differential Protection

Transformer differential protection (PDIF, 87T)

Overview of traditional transformer differential protection function

Blocking
2nd

condition:

harmonic,

waveblock,

5th

&

harmonic

cross block

restrained

TRIP

unrestrained

START

RET 670 Transformer Differential Protection

Transformer differential protection (PDIF, 87T)

Internal / External fault discriminator

Fault position (internal / external) can be determined by comparing the direction


of flow of the negative sequence currents on all sides of the transformer

This is done by simply determining the position of the source of the negative
sequence currents with respect to the zone of protection the source of the
negative sequence currents is at the point of fault

External fault: the negative sequence currents will have a relative phase
displacement of 180

Internal fault: the negative sequence currents will have a relative phase
displacement of about 0

RET 670 Transformer Differential Protection

Transformer differential protection (PDIF, 87T)

Overview of unrestrained negative sequence differential protection in conjunction


with traditional transformer differential protection

Blocking
2nd

condition:

harmonic,

5th

&

harmonic

waveblock,

cross block
Neg Seq Int /
Ext Fault
internal
Discriminator

restrained

&

TRIP

unrestrained

START

RET 670 Restricted Earthfault Protection

Restricted earthfault protection (PDIF, 87N)

Up to three instances available

Low impedance type

Can be used on all directly or low impedance earthed windings

Up to 4 three-phase CT inputs
REF1REFPDIF_87N
I3P
I3PW1CT1
I3PW1CT2
I3PW2CT1
I3PW2CT2

RET 670 Restricted Earthfault Protection

Restricted earthfault protection (PDIF, 87N)

Able to handle multiple circuit breaker applications as well as autotransformers in 1


CB applications

I3P

I3P

I3PW1CT1

I3PW1CT1

I3PW1CT2

I3PW1CT2

I3PW2CT1

I3PW2CT1

I3PW2CT2

I3PW2CT2

RET 670 Restricted Earthfault Protection

Restricted earthfault protection (PDIF, 87N)

Functionality

Three-section operate/restrain characteristic


Idiff

Settings:
operate

2nd

IdMin

slope

100%
1st

Idmin

slope

restrain

70%

Ibias

Bay protection solutions for transmission systems


Example for transformer protection
Transformer Protection
Application

Transmission

Main protection functions

Typical hardware

Application

IED

ANSI

IEC61850

Physical

Communication

Group 1

RET670
4CTset-2wdg-1CB
LowImpREF

87T, 87N, 50, 51, 59,


49, 24

PDIF, PDIF, PIOC,


PTOC, PTOV, PTTR,
PVPH

19 casing,
1xBIM, 1xBOM, 1xTRM
9I + 3U (Default)

1xIEC61850

Group 2

4CTset-2wdg-1CB
LowImpREF

87T, 87N, 50, 51, 59,


49, 24

PDIF, PDIF, PIOC,


PTOC, PTOV, PTTR,
PVPH

19 casing,
1xBIM, 1xBOM, 1xTRM
9I + 3U (Default)

1xIEC61850

Group 1

6CTset-3wdg-2CB
LowImpREF

87T, 50, 51, 49,


24, 87N(HV), 87N(LV)

PDIF, PIOC, PTOC,


PTTR, PVPH, PDIF

19 casing
1xBIM, 1xBOM,
1xIOM,2xTRM
9I + 3U ( Default)

1xIEC61850

Group 2

6CTset-3wdg-2CB
LowImpREF

87T, 50, 51, 49,


24, 87N(HV), 87N(LV)

PDIF, PIOC, PTOC,


PTTR, PVPH, PDIF

19 casing
1xBIM, 1xBOM,
1xIOM,2xTRM
9I + 3U ( Default)

1xIEC61850

Group 1

Auto-Trafo-highImp per
phase

87T, 50, 51, 59, 24,


49, 50/62BFP, 52PD

PDIF, PIOC, PTOC,


PTOV, PTTR, PVPH,
RBRF, RPLD

19 casing,
1xBIM, 1xBOM, 1xTRM
9I + 3U (Default)

1xIEC61850

Group 2

Auto-Trafo-highImp per
phase

87T, 50, 51, 59, 24,


49, 50/62BFP, 52PD

PDIF, PIOC, PTOC,


PTOV, PTTR, PVPH,
RBRF, RPLD

19 casing,
1xBIM, 1xBOM, 1xTRM
9I + 3U (Default)

1xIEC61850

Two-windings
RET670

RET670

Three-windings
RET670

RET670

Autotransformers

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 96

RET670

Bay protection solutions for subtransmission and distribution


Example for transformer protection
Transformer protection
application

Subtransmission and distribution

Main protection functions

Typical hardware

Application

IED

ANSI

IEC61850

Physical

Communication

Group 1

RET630

87T, 87N, 50, 51, 49,


50/62BFP, 27, 59

PDIF, PIOC, PTOC,


PTTR, PVPH, RBRF

4U 19 casing, 1 COM
(14BI), 1 PSM (9BO),
1 BIO (9BI, 9BO),
1 TRM (8I + 2U)

1xIEC61850

67N, 50, 51, 49

PIOC, PTOC, PTOV,


PTTR

4U 19 casing, 1 COM
(14BI), 1 PSM (9BO),
1 BIO (9BI, 9BO),
1 TRM (5I + 4U)

1xIEC61850

PDIF, PIOC, PTOC,


PTTR, PVPH, RBRF

6U 19 casing, 1 COM
(14BI), 1 PSM (9BO),
2 BIO (9BI, 9BO),
1 TRM (6I + 4U),
1 AIM (6I + 4U)

1xIEC61850

PDIF, PIOC, PTOC,


PTOV

6U 19 casing, 1 COM
(14BI), 1 PSM (9BO),
2 BIO (9BI, 9BO),
1 TRM (6I + 4U),
1 AIM (6I + 4U) (Default)

1xIEC61850

2-wdg. 1-CB

Two-windings
Backup

Group 1

REF630
single S/s, 1-CB

RET650
3-wdg. 1-CB

87T, 50, 51, 49,


50/62BFP

Three-windings
Group 2

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 97

RET650
3-wdg. 1-CB

87N, 50, 51, 50N, 51N,


24, 27, 59, 59N

Bay protection solutions


Busbar protection concepts

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 98

Bay protection solutions


Busbar protection
Typical functionalities

Differential protection with internal


zone selection

Check zone

Circuit breaker failure for each CT


input

Overcurrent protection for each


CT input

Typical busbar arrangements


Single busbar

Double busbar

Typical protection zones

=QB1

=QA1

=QB2

=QB1

=QB2

=QA1

Zone 1 for busbar 1


Zone 2 for busbar 2
ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 99

1 breaker

=QB1

=QB2

=QA1

=QB1

=QA1

=QB2

=QB1

=QA1

=QB2

Busbar protection
Basic operating principles
Diff. low impedance

Diff. high impedance

Reverse blocking logic

Overcurrent

IEC61850
GOOSE

Operating Principle:

Operating Principle:

Operating principle:

Operating principle:

The differential protection is based on amperebalance by comparing currents entering and leaving
the protected zone
- A differential characteristic for operating and restraint
quantities is usually applied

The principle is based on the CT secondary current


circulating between involved current transformers and
not through the relay, due to its high impedance, which
is normally in the range of hundreds of ohms and
sometimes above a kOhm

The downstream IED sends a reverse blocking


GOOSE message to the upstream IED for external
faults. For internal faults the downstream IED does not
send the reverse blocking GOOSE message, and the
upstream IED can operate almost instantaneously.

Characteristics:

Characteristics:

Characteristics:

Characteristics:

Stabilized differential protection


- CT match by software
- Centralized or decentralized

Stabilizing resistor and varistor


- Can be used when the involved CT cores have the
same turn ratio and similar magnetizing characteristics
- Three functions can be used to provide a three-phase
differential protection
- Centralized

Instantaneous operation of upstream IED is difficult to


coordinate without logics with downstream IED
- Reverse blocking was based on hardwired I/Os
- Reverse blocking can use GOOSE messages

Solutions:

Solutions:
- RET670
- REC670
- REL670
- REG670
- RED670

Solutions:

Solutions:

All Relion product family


- 630 Series and 615 Series are
used in distribution, where this
solution may fit well
- 630 Series and 615 Series are
more cost effective

This solution is not


recommended, since
better performance can
be achieved by simple
application of GOOSE
messages

REB670 for centralized


- REB500 for decentralized
-

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 100

CTs are simply summed


Overcurrent based with
no interlocking

Used in past
Low cost solution
- Very sensitive to CT
saturation
-

Relion product family

One common tool for all Relion products: protection and control IED
Manager, PCM600

Covers all applications, from interconnected transmission grids to


secondary distribution kiosks

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 101

Generation, transmission and sub-transmission applications


Power distribution and industrial applications

Application

Type

670 series 650 series 630 series 615 series 610 series 605 series

Feeder protection & control

REF

Bay control

REC

Transformer protection

RET

Line distance protection

REL

Line differential protection

RED

Motor protection

REM

Generator protection

REG

Busbar protection

REB

Breaker protection

REQ

Voltage protection

REU

Busbar protection
Relion and REB500/REB500sys
Decentralized (87B)

Centralized (87B)

Overcurrent (50)

REB500 / REB500sys

REB670

REF630 / REF615

A,B,C
Three phase

REB500
60 bay units BU03

32 protections zones

REB500sys
REB500 + bay protection

Possibility: 21, 25, 79, 67/67N, 87T, 49,


50/51, 27, 59, 46/47

Functionalities

Breaker failure protection

End-fault protection

Overcurrent protection

Pole discrepancy protection

Neutral current detection

Event recording: 1000 (CU), 100 (BU)

Disturbance recording

Communication interface (IEC61850-8-1,


IEC60870-5-103, LON, TCP/IP)

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 102

Busbar Protection

Bay units

One phase

Central unit

3-Phase version

Two measuring zones

CBF & OC

4 or 8 bays
1-Phase version
Two measuring zones

CBF & OC

12 or 24 bays

630 Series

Busbar protection based on reverse


blocking (logic selectivity) by GOOSE
messages and overcurrent
615 Series
Busbar protection based on reverse
blocking (logic selectivity) by GOOSE
messages and overcurrent

Functionalities
4-stage, OC protection for each CT input
(one stage can be used for end-fault
protection)

Disturbance recorder

Event and trip value recorder

Event List 1000 signals

Communication (IEC 61850-8-1, SPA,


LON, IEC 103, DNP3.0)

Functionalities

The choice of 630 series or 615 series


depends on other requirements from the
feeder specification

Hardware and functionalities could be


different, but busbar protection principle
based on GOOSE messages and
overcurrent are strictly the same

Centralized busbar protection


REB670
REB670

Centralized busbar protection

Breaker failure protection

End-fault protection

Overcurrent protection

Event recording

1-Phase version, two measuring zones

Disturbance recording

CBF & OC

IEC 61850-8-1, DNP 3.0, IEC 60870-5103, LON and SPA protocols

12 or 24 bays

One terminal per phase

Installations
1-2 busbars incl. transfer
bus
1 breaker configuration
24 bays
2 protections zones
Hardware Options
or 19 rack
Single- or three-phase version
ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 103

3-Phase version, two measuring zones

CBF & OC

4 or 8 bays

2
Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

T1

Q0

Q0

Q0

T1

T1

T1

Q0

Q0

Q0

Q0

Q0

T1

T1

T1

T1

REB 670 3- Ph; BBP, BFP & EnFP for single buses
ZA

ZB

ZA

Single
up

Single

Busbar
up

to 4/8 feeder bays

Bus with bus tie CB

to 3/7 feeder bays on each side

ZA
ZA

ZB

ZB

type station with bus-section CB

or

sectionalizing disconnector
Alternative

CT Location

connections

REB 670 3- Ph, BBP for 1 CB stations


ZA

ZB

Breaker Stations

up to 4 diameters

ZA

..
ZB

Breaker Stations

up to 8 diameters

REB 670 3- Ph; BBP, BFP & EnFP for Double CB


stations
ZA

..

ZB

Double

Breaker Station

up to 8 feeders
Alternative

CT Location

REB 670 3- Ph; BBP, BFP & EnFP for double buses
ZA

..

ZB

Double
and

Bus with bus-coupler CB


up to 6/7 feeder bays

ZA

..
ZB

Transfer

..

Bay

Bus

..

Double

Transfer

Isolator

replica in REB 670*1.0


by CAP 531 Configuration

Busbars with bus coupler CB and Transfer Bus


up

to 6/7 feeder bays


Optional

Measuring Point

Scheme Layout for Double Busbar; 2 Zones/7 feeders


700

ABB

EQUIPMENT

INCLUDED in the PANEL:

1 pcs 3 phase, Busbar protection terminal REB 670*1.0


-

two differential zones

check zone

eight BFP relays

eight OC feeder backup protection (EnFP)

internal disconnector replica logic

internal individual bay tripping logic

disconnector status supervision

Single-Phase Terminal; 12/24 Bays- Double Zone


Application
REB
2

Zones (A & B);

24

Bays

REB
2

Bays

REB

670; Ph-L3

Zones (A & B);

24

Bigger Buses (up to 12/24 bays per zone)

Single Busbar Stations (with Transfer Bus)

1 Breaker Stations

Double Busbar Stations (with Transfer Bus)

Load Transfer is included into the design

3 Terminals required for complete scheme

LDCM available to share binary IO

670; Ph-L2

Zones (A & B);

24

670; Ph-L1

Bays

Areas:

No

switching in CT secondary circuits

REB 670 1- Ph; BBP, BFP & EnFP for single buses

ZA

..
Single
up

ZA

Single
11/23

ZA

Bus

Single

to 12/24 feeder bays

..

..

up

ZB

Bus with bus-section CB, up to

feeder bays (i.e. 12+11; 10+13 etc.)

..

..

ZB

Bus with bus-section disconnector

to 12/24 feeder bays (i.e. 12+12; 16+8 etc.)

ZA

Single
up

..

..

ZB

Bus with bus-section CB

to 11/23 feeder bays on each side

REB 670 1- Ph; BBP applications for 1 CB stations

ZA

ZA

..

ZB

ZB

..

Breaker Stations

up to 6 / 12 diameters

Breaker Stations
up to 12 / 24 diameters

REB 670 1- Ph, Complete BBP, BFP & EnFP for 1 CB Stations!

ZA

..

ZB

Bus
1

Diff, CB Fail & EnFP

Breaker Stations
up to 4/8 diameters

REB 670 1- Ph; BBP, BFP & EnFP for Double CB


stations
ZA

ZA

..

..

ZB

ZB

Double

Breaker Station

up to 6 / 12 feeders
Alternative

Double

Breaker Station

up to 12 / 24 feeders

CT Location

REB 670 1- Ph; BBP, BFP & EnFP for double buses

ZA

..

ZB

Double
up

Bus with bus-coupler CB


to 22/23 feeder bays

Isolator

replica in REB 670*1.0


by CAP 531 Configuration

Optional

Measuring Point

REB 670 1- Ph; BBP, BFP & EnFP for double bus &
transfer ZA

..

ZB

Transfer

..

Bus

..

.
Combined

Bus-Coupler
& Transfer Bay

ZA

..
ZB

Transfer

..

Bus-Coupler

Transfer

Bay

Bay

Bus

..

.
Isolator

replica in REB 670*1.0


by CAP 531 Configuration

Double
up

Busbars with Transfer Bus


to 22/23 feeder bays

Scheme Layout for Double Busbar; 2 Zones/22 feeders


700

EQUIPMENT

ABB

INCLUDED in the PANEL:

3 pcs 1 phase, Busbar protection terminal REB 670*1.0


-

two differential zones

check zone

24 BFP relays

24 OC feeder backup protection (EnFP)

internal disconnector replica logic

internal individual bay tripping logic

disconnector status supervision

Distributed busbar protection


REB500
REB500

Decentralized busbar protection

Breaker failure protection

End-fault protection

Overcurrent protection

Installations

1 4 busbars incl. transfer bus

1 breaker configuration

Pole discrepancy protection

60 bay units BU03

Neutral current detection

32 protections zones

Event recording

Disturbance recording

Test generator

IEC61850-8-1, IEC60870-5-103, LON,


TCP/IP

2
Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q0

Q0

Q0

T1

T1

T1

Q0

Bay unit and central unit with optional


redundant power supply

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 117

Central unit with optional 2nd I/O


board

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q0

Q0

Q0

T1

T1

T1

T1

2
Q1

Q1

Q0

Hardware options

Q2

T1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

T1

Q0

Q0

Q0

T1

T1

T1

Q0

Q0

Q0

Q0

Q0

T1

T1

T1

T1

Distributed station protection


REB500sys
REB500sys

REB500sys functionality = REB500 +

Distance protection (21)


Auto-reclose (79), synchrocheck (25)
Directional sensitive EF prot. for grounded
systems (67N), ungrounded or compensated
systems (32N)
Transformer differential protection 2-/3 w &
Auto Transformer (87T) and Thermal
overload (49)
Over and undercurrent protection (50),
Definite / Inverse time over and undercurrent
protection (51), inverse time earth fault
overcurrent protection (51N)
Definite time over and undervoltage
protection (59/27), directional overcurrent
definite / inverse time protection (67)
Current / voltage unbalance (46/47)

Main 2
Bay unit

The bay protection works


completely independently of the
central unit
ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 118

Main 1

Main 1

TRIP

Optimized solution

Main 2 /
Bay unit

TRIP

Bay protection solution


Transmission, double busbar
Feeder
voltage Level

Functionality /
protection concept

=QA1

=QB1

=QB9
=QC9

=Q1

Central Unit
=QB1

ANSI
87B

Central unit
19 casing
12 BI
9 BO

=QA1

=QB1

=QB9
=QC9

=Q2

Bay Unit
=QB1
=QA1

=QB1

=Q3
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1

=QA1

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 119

IEC
PDIF

Relay hardware

IEC
RBRF
PTOC
PIOC

ANSI
50/62BF
51 EFP
51

Bay unit
4I standard
20 BI
16 BO

Bay protection
solution

Bay protection solutions for transmission systems


Example for busbar protection
Transformer protection
application

Transmission

Main protection functions

Application

IED

Central unit

Bay unit

Bay Unit 4CTs


Diff-BFP

Three-phase

REB670

Typical hardware

ANSI

IEC61850

Physical

Communication

Central Unit 2-30 bay


units

87B

PDIF

19 casing

1xIEC61850

REB500

87B, 50/51,
50BF, 95DR

PDIF, PTOC,
RBRF, RDRE

(classic) or
1/3 (standalone)
19 casing

to central unit

87B, 50/51,
50BF, 95DR

PDIF, PTOC,
RBRF, RDRE

19 casing (2-TRMs),
2 BIM, 1 BOM,
2TRM 12I

1xIEC61850

87B, 50/51,
50BF, 95DR

PDIF, PTOC,
RBRF, RDRE

19 casing (1-TRM),
2 BIM, 1 BOM,
1 TRM 12I

1xIEC61850

REB500

Decentralized

Busbar-diff-central-3p

Centralized
Single-phase

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 120

REB670
Central-1p-Busbar
diff (3units)

David Pauta, Power Systems

Bay Control solutions

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 121

Control de Aparatos

Caractersticas

Operacin de aparatos primarios.

Principio de operacin de alta seguridad


Select-before-operate

Funcin de seleccin y reservacin para


prevenir operacin simultnea.

Seleccin y supervisin de estado de la


botonera L/R.

Supervisin de Comandos.

Operacin bloqueada/desbloqueada.

Actualizacin de indicacin de posicin


bloqueada/desbloqueada.

Sustitucin de indicaciones de posicin.

Priorizacin de funciones de interbloqueo.

Priorizacin de funciones de synchrocheck.

Supervisin de discordancia de polos.

Contador de Operaciones

Control de Aparatos

Bloques de Funcin

IEC

QCBAY

SCSWI

61850
-QB1

SXCBR
SXCBR
SXCBR

-QA1

SCILO

SCSWI

SCILO

SXSWI

-QB9

Control

Aparatos

Switch Local/Remote

Control

Aparatos

Ejemplo de configuracin

David Pauta, Power Systems

Generator Protection Solutions

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 126

REG670 protection and guard


HV

SYSTEM

The

power station
STEP

ROOM

UP
LV

TRANSFORMER

HV-

CONTROL

SWITCHGEAR

BREAKER

AC & DC

AUXILIARY

SYSTEMS

CONTROL
SYSTEMS

AUX.

TRANSF.
GOVERNOR
GENERATOR
1

BREAKER

PTs
&
SYNCHRONIZING

CTs

EXCITATION

SYNCHRONOUS
TURBINE

SYSTEM

GENERATOR

STAR
POINT
CUBICLE

EXCITATION
TRANSFORMER

Typical configuration of a power plant


Substation

Busbar in Substation
HV - Breaker

Power plant
Main Transformer

Auxiliary Transformer

Generator Breaker
Excitation Transformer
Excitation System

Turbine valve
Turbine - Generator

Earthing System

Field Circuit Breaker

Typical power plants layouts

Generator earthing systems

Resistive
grounded

Isolated

Grounding
transformer
(neutral)

Grounding
transformer
(terminal)

Generator Protection

Faults

Stator earth faults

Rotor earth faults

Stator short sircuits

Stator/rotor interturn faults

External faults

Generator protection

Abnormal operating condition

overcurrent/overload

unbalanced load

overtemperature

over- and undervoltage

over- and underexcitation

over- and underfrequency

over-fluxing

asynchronous running

out of step

generator motoring

failures in the machine control system (i.e.


AVR or governor failure)

failures in the machine cooling system

failures in the primary equipment (i.e.


breaker head flashover)

open phase

Allocation of protection functions

59

32 Reverse power
81O/U Frequency

Over-voltage

24V/f

Turbine

49S
51V

87 Differential

Over-fluxing

Stator Over-load

Voltage/over-current

64S

Earth fault stator


Inter-turn

46 Unbalance

27/50

40 Loss of excitation
78 Pole slipping
64R Earth fault rotor
49R Rotor overload

Rotor

Stator

Dead Machine

ABB Group
February 6, 2012 | Slide 210