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# http://www.artofproblemsolving.

com/community/c3259_argentina_team_selection_test
ARGENTINA 2006
1. Let be a set of natural numbers in which if , belong to (
) then either
or
belong to ( both cases may be posible at the same time). Decide wheter there is
or not a set consisting on exactly
elements which has four elements , , , ( not
necesarilly distinct) that satisfy
and
2. Given 365 cards, in which distinct numbers are written. We may ask for any three cards,
the order of numbers written in them. Is it always possible to find out the order of all 365
cards by 2000 such questions?
3. In a circumference with center we draw two equal chord
and
if
then
and
We consider
and
such that
Prove that the chord determined by extending
has the same as length as both
and
4. Find all integers solutions for
5. Let be a prime with
, and let
. Prove that
contains two elements and such that
and
.
6. Let be a natural number, and we consider the sequence
where
If we make the sum of consecutive members of the sequence, starting from one with an odd
index and finishing in one with and even index, the result is
and
How many sequence are there satisfying this conditions?
ARGENTINA 2007
1. Let , , be distinct positive integers having exactly two digits in such a way that:

are digits)

## Find all posible values of

2. Let
be a trapezium of parallel sides
and
and non-parallel
sides
and
Let be the incenter of
. It is known that exists a point
with
and
and

such that if
then

## is a point of the intersection of the bisectors of

Prove that

3. A
square is tiled by dominoes (i. e.
rectangles) in an arbitrary
way. Show that one can color the dominoes in three colors such that the number of
the dominoes of each color is the same, and each dominoe has at most two
neighbours of the same color as . (Two dominoes are said to be neighbours if a cell
of one domino has a common edge with a cell of the other one.)
4. Find all real values of
which satisfy:

5. Let

## be the positive divisors of

If
find all posible values of
6. For natural we define
as the sum of digits of (in base ten)
Does there exist a positive real constant such that for all natural we have

?
ARGENTINA 2008
1. Find all the functions from

that satisfy:

2. Triangle
is inscript in a circumference . A chord
of intersects the
sides
and
at and respectively, with
, , ,
in that order in
. Let
be the diameter of perpendicular to
with and in the same
semiplane respect to

. Lines

and

cut

in the ratios

## and respectively (starting counting from

). Find
3. Find all the functions from
that satisfy:
4. Let
that

## be the number of positive divisors of the natural number . Find all

where

such

is a prime number

5. Let
be a triangle, , and the points of tangency of the incircle with
sides
,
,
respectively. Let be the second point of intersection of
and the incircle. If
is a cyclic quadrilateral prove that
is parellel to
6. Show that in acute triangle ABC we have:

ARGENTINA 2009
1. On a
board, the centers of several unit squares are colored black. Find the
maximum number of centers that can be colored black in such a way that no three
black points form a right-angled triangle.
2. Let

## Find the maximum possible value of

.
3. Let
be a triangle,
the midpoint of side
and
the midpoint of side
. Let be the point of intersection (
) of the circumcircles of triangles
and
. Let be the point of intersection(
) of the line
and the
circumcircle of triangle
.

Prove that
.
4. Find all positive integers such that
is divisible by
.
5. There are several contestants at a math olympiad. We say that two contestants
and are indirect friends if there are contestants
such that and
are friends,
and
are friends,
and
are friends, ...,
and are friends.
In particular, if and are friends themselves, they are indirect friends as well.
Some of the contestants were friends before the olympiad. During the olympiad,
some contestants make new friends, so that after the olympiad every contestant has
at least one friend among the other contestants. We say that a contestant
is special if, after the olympiad, he has exactly twice as indirect friends as he had
before the olympiad.
Prove that the number of special contestants is less or equal than of the total
number of contestants.
6. Let
be an odd integer. We denote by
the set of all integers greater or
equal than
and less or equal than .
Player chooses an arbitrary positive integer , then player picks a subset of
(distinct) elements from
. Let this subset be .
If all numbers in
can be written as the sum of exactly distinct elements
of , then player wins the game. If not, wins.
Find the least value of such that player can always win the game.

ARGENTINA 2010
1. In a football tournament there are teams, each of which plays exacly one match
against every other team. If a team defeats team , then is awarded points
and gets points. If they end up in a tie, they receive point each.
It turned out that in this tournament, whenever a match ended up in a tie, the two
teams involved did not finish with the same final score. Find the maximum number of
ties that could have happened in such a tournament.
2. Let
be a triangle with
. The incircle touches
,
and
at , and respectively. Let be a point on the arc
that does not contain
.Let be the second point of intersection of
and the incircle of
. The
lines
and
meet the line
at
and , respectively.
Prove that the four points
3. Find all functions

such that

## holds for all real numbers

.
4. Two players, and , play a game on a board which is a rhombus of side and
angles of
and
, divided into
equilateral triangles, as shown in the
diagram for
.
uses a red token and uses a blue token, which are initially placed in cells
containing opposite corners of the board (the
ones). In turns, players move their
token to a neighboring cell (sharing a side with the previous one). To win the game, a
player must either place his token on the cell containing the other player's token, or
get to the opposite corner to the one where he started.
If starts the game, determine which player has a winning strategy.
5. Let and be prime numbers. The sequence
is defined by
,
and
for all
.
Given that there is some such that
, find and .
6. Suppose
are integers with
for all such
that
.
Prove that the set
can be partitioned in subsets
each with
elements respectively, such that the sum of the numbers on
each subset is divisible by
.
Decide whether this property still holds if we replace
by
and
by
(that is, if the set to be partitioned is
).

ARGENTINA 2011
1. Each number from the set
following these rules:

## is either colored red or blue,

a) The number is colored red, and there is at least one number colored blue.
b) If two numbers
have different colors and
, then the number
is colored blue.
c) If two numbers
have different colors and
, then the number
colored red.

is

Find all possible ways the numbers from this set can be colored.
2. A wizard kidnaps
members from party ,
members from party ,
members
from party , and members from party , keeping them isolated in individual
rooms in his castle, where he forces them to work.
Every day, after work, the kidnapped people can walk in the park and talk with each
other. However, when three members of three different parties start talking with each
other, the wizard reconverts them to the fourth party (there are no conversations
with or more people involved).
a) Find out whether it is possible that, after some time, all of the kidnapped people
belong to the same party. If the answer is yes, determine to which party they will
belong.
b) Find all quartets of positive integers that add up to
that if they were to be
considered the number of members from the four parties, it is possible that, after
some time, all of the kidnapped people belong to the same party, under the same
rules imposed by the wizard.
3. Let
be a trapezoid with bases
,where
, and nonparallel legs
and
.Let
be the intersection of
and
. Let
be a
circumference that passes through
and is tangent to
at point ; let
be a
circumference that passes through
and is tangent to
at point . Let be the
intersection of the lines
and
,
the intersection of
with the line
,
the intesection of
with the line
, and the circumcenter of triangle
.
Show that
.
4. Determine all positive integers such that the number
has at
most
positive divisors.
5. At least players take part in a tennis tournament. Each participant plays exactly
one match against each other participant. After the tournament has ended, we find
out that each player has won at least one match. (There are no ties in tennis).
Show that in the tournament, there was at least one trio of players
such
that beat , beat , and beat .

6. Each square of
, of a
grid is colored using red or blue, in such way that
between all the
subgrids, there are all the possible colorations of a
grid
using red or blue, (colorations that can be obtained by using rotation or symmetry,
are said to be different, so there are 16 possibilities). Find:
a) The minimum value of .
b) For that value, find the least possible number of red squares.