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ARGENTINA 2006

1. Let be a set of natural numbers in which if , belong to (

) then either

or

belong to ( both cases may be posible at the same time). Decide wheter there is

or not a set consisting on exactly

elements which has four elements , , , ( not

necesarilly distinct) that satisfy

and

2. Given 365 cards, in which distinct numbers are written. We may ask for any three cards,

the order of numbers written in them. Is it always possible to find out the order of all 365

cards by 2000 such questions?

3. In a circumference with center we draw two equal chord

and

if

then

and

We consider

and

such that

Prove that the chord determined by extending

has the same as length as both

and

4. Find all integers solutions for

5. Let be a prime with

, and let

. Prove that

contains two elements and such that

and

.

6. Let be a natural number, and we consider the sequence

where

If we make the sum of consecutive members of the sequence, starting from one with an odd

index and finishing in one with and even index, the result is

and

How many sequence are there satisfying this conditions?

ARGENTINA 2007

1. Let , , be distinct positive integers having exactly two digits in such a way that:

are digits)

2. Let

be a trapezium of parallel sides

and

and non-parallel

sides

and

Let be the incenter of

. It is known that exists a point

with

and

and

such that if

then

Prove that

3. A

square is tiled by dominoes (i. e.

rectangles) in an arbitrary

way. Show that one can color the dominoes in three colors such that the number of

the dominoes of each color is the same, and each dominoe has at most two

neighbours of the same color as . (Two dominoes are said to be neighbours if a cell

of one domino has a common edge with a cell of the other one.)

4. Find all real values of

which satisfy:

5. Let

If

find all posible values of

6. For natural we define

as the sum of digits of (in base ten)

Does there exist a positive real constant such that for all natural we have

?

ARGENTINA 2008

1. Find all the functions from

that satisfy:

2. Triangle

is inscript in a circumference . A chord

of intersects the

sides

and

at and respectively, with

, , ,

in that order in

. Let

be the diameter of perpendicular to

with and in the same

semiplane respect to

. Lines

and

cut

in the ratios

). Find

3. Find all the functions from

that satisfy:

4. Let

that

where

such

is a prime number

5. Let

be a triangle, , and the points of tangency of the incircle with

sides

,

,

respectively. Let be the second point of intersection of

and the incircle. If

is a cyclic quadrilateral prove that

is parellel to

6. Show that in acute triangle ABC we have:

ARGENTINA 2009

1. On a

board, the centers of several unit squares are colored black. Find the

maximum number of centers that can be colored black in such a way that no three

black points form a right-angled triangle.

2. Let

.

3. Let

be a triangle,

the midpoint of side

and

the midpoint of side

. Let be the point of intersection (

) of the circumcircles of triangles

and

. Let be the point of intersection(

) of the line

and the

circumcircle of triangle

.

Prove that

.

4. Find all positive integers such that

is divisible by

.

5. There are several contestants at a math olympiad. We say that two contestants

and are indirect friends if there are contestants

such that and

are friends,

and

are friends,

and

are friends, ...,

and are friends.

In particular, if and are friends themselves, they are indirect friends as well.

Some of the contestants were friends before the olympiad. During the olympiad,

some contestants make new friends, so that after the olympiad every contestant has

at least one friend among the other contestants. We say that a contestant

is special if, after the olympiad, he has exactly twice as indirect friends as he had

before the olympiad.

Prove that the number of special contestants is less or equal than of the total

number of contestants.

6. Let

be an odd integer. We denote by

the set of all integers greater or

equal than

and less or equal than .

Player chooses an arbitrary positive integer , then player picks a subset of

(distinct) elements from

. Let this subset be .

If all numbers in

can be written as the sum of exactly distinct elements

of , then player wins the game. If not, wins.

Find the least value of such that player can always win the game.

ARGENTINA 2010

1. In a football tournament there are teams, each of which plays exacly one match

against every other team. If a team defeats team , then is awarded points

and gets points. If they end up in a tie, they receive point each.

It turned out that in this tournament, whenever a match ended up in a tie, the two

teams involved did not finish with the same final score. Find the maximum number of

ties that could have happened in such a tournament.

2. Let

be a triangle with

. The incircle touches

,

and

at , and respectively. Let be a point on the arc

that does not contain

.Let be the second point of intersection of

and the incircle of

. The

lines

and

meet the line

at

and , respectively.

Prove that the four points

3. Find all functions

such that

.

4. Two players, and , play a game on a board which is a rhombus of side and

angles of

and

, divided into

equilateral triangles, as shown in the

diagram for

.

uses a red token and uses a blue token, which are initially placed in cells

containing opposite corners of the board (the

ones). In turns, players move their

token to a neighboring cell (sharing a side with the previous one). To win the game, a

player must either place his token on the cell containing the other player's token, or

get to the opposite corner to the one where he started.

If starts the game, determine which player has a winning strategy.

5. Let and be prime numbers. The sequence

is defined by

,

and

for all

.

Given that there is some such that

, find and .

6. Suppose

are integers with

for all such

that

.

Prove that the set

can be partitioned in subsets

each with

elements respectively, such that the sum of the numbers on

each subset is divisible by

.

Decide whether this property still holds if we replace

by

and

by

(that is, if the set to be partitioned is

).

ARGENTINA 2011

1. Each number from the set

following these rules:

a) The number is colored red, and there is at least one number colored blue.

b) If two numbers

have different colors and

, then the number

is colored blue.

c) If two numbers

have different colors and

, then the number

colored red.

is

Find all possible ways the numbers from this set can be colored.

2. A wizard kidnaps

members from party ,

members from party ,

members

from party , and members from party , keeping them isolated in individual

rooms in his castle, where he forces them to work.

Every day, after work, the kidnapped people can walk in the park and talk with each

other. However, when three members of three different parties start talking with each

other, the wizard reconverts them to the fourth party (there are no conversations

with or more people involved).

a) Find out whether it is possible that, after some time, all of the kidnapped people

belong to the same party. If the answer is yes, determine to which party they will

belong.

b) Find all quartets of positive integers that add up to

that if they were to be

considered the number of members from the four parties, it is possible that, after

some time, all of the kidnapped people belong to the same party, under the same

rules imposed by the wizard.

3. Let

be a trapezoid with bases

,where

, and nonparallel legs

and

.Let

be the intersection of

and

. Let

be a

circumference that passes through

and is tangent to

at point ; let

be a

circumference that passes through

and is tangent to

at point . Let be the

intersection of the lines

and

,

the intersection of

with the line

,

the intesection of

with the line

, and the circumcenter of triangle

.

Show that

.

4. Determine all positive integers such that the number

has at

most

positive divisors.

5. At least players take part in a tennis tournament. Each participant plays exactly

one match against each other participant. After the tournament has ended, we find

out that each player has won at least one match. (There are no ties in tennis).

Show that in the tournament, there was at least one trio of players

such

that beat , beat , and beat .

6. Each square of

, of a

grid is colored using red or blue, in such way that

between all the

subgrids, there are all the possible colorations of a

grid

using red or blue, (colorations that can be obtained by using rotation or symmetry,

are said to be different, so there are 16 possibilities). Find:

a) The minimum value of .

b) For that value, find the least possible number of red squares.

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