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You are on page 1of 5

November, 2014

This exam has five pages and three questionseach with multiple parts. Answer as many as you can. Good luck.

Question 1) Arthur has utility function

2k

1/2

1/2

U (x1 , x2 ) = x1 + x2

.

Betsy has utility function

U (x1 , x2 ) = (x1 x2 )k .

where k > 0.

Part A)

(i) What is Arthurs elasticity of substitution between goods 1 and 2?

ii) What is Betsys elasticity of substitution between goods 1 and 2?

Part B)

(i)Find Arthurs expenditure function.

ii) Find Betsys expenditure function.

Part C)

(i) Find Arthurs indirect utility function.

(ii) Find Betsys indirect utility function.

Question 2) Velma, the strict vegetarian, consumes only four goods. Goods 1

and 2 are fruits and Goods 3 and 4 vegetables. Her utility function can be

written as

U (x1 , x2 , x3 , x4 ) = f (x1 , x2 ) + 23/2 v(x3 , x4 )

where

2

1/2

1/2

f (x1 , x2 ) = x1 + x2

and

1/4 1/4

v(x3 , x4 ) = x3 x4 .

has income M , how much money should she spend on fruit and how much

should she spend on vegetables? State your answers as functions of the variables

M, p1 , p2 , p3 , and p4 . (Hint: Maybe your answers to Question , Part C, will be

helpful for this.)

Part B) If prices and income are such that Velma consumes both fruit and

vegetables, how do small changes in M affect her consumption of vegetables?

Explain.

commodities. Each person i has preferences representable by a utility function

of the form

Ui (x1 , x2 , x3 ) = (x1 + ai )1/4 (x2 + bi )1/4 (x3 + ci )1/2

where the ai s and bi s and ci s are all positive numbers, but may be different

for different people.

Part A) For price-income combinations where person i buys all three goods, find

is Marshallian demand function for each of the three goods.

Part B) Find conditions on prices and income that guarantee that is Marshallian demands for each of the three goods is positive.

consume positive amounts of each good, show that aggregate demand depends

only on total income and not on the distribution of income.

Part D) Show that in this economy, indirect utility is of the Gorman polar form.

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