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Maria Jose Quesada

Mayran Muoz
Ashly Mendoza
Grecia Novoa

5.1b

5.1 Modeling compound and continuous interest rates

5.7
5.1a
13. $1000 invested at 11% compounded continuously after a period of 2
5.7
years.
(0.11)(2)
7. $100
invested at 4% compounded quarterly after a period of 2
A=1000
e
years.
A=1000e(0.22) ~ 1246.07
0.04
(1+
) (4)(2)
P=$10
14.
$400 invested
at 7% compounded continuously after a period of 3
4
years.
8
P=$100(1.01)
(0.07)(3)}
A=400
e

P=$100(1.0828)
(0.21)
A=400
~ 493.47
e
P=$108.28
1
21. To get $80 after 3 4 years at 9% compounded continuously.
9. $500 invested at 8% compounded quarterly after a period of 2
1
(0.09)(3.25)
A=80
2 e years.
A=80e(0.02769)~82.24
0.08
P=$500 (1+ 4 ) (4)(2.50) 1
22. To get $800 after 2 2

years at 8% compounded continuously.

P=$500(1.02)10
A=800e(0.08)(2.50)
P=$500(1.21899)
A=800e(0.2)~977.12
P=$609.50
35. How long does it take for an investment to double in value if it is
11. $600
at 5% compounded
invested
at invested
8% compounded
monthly? daily after a period of 3 years.
0.05
P=$600 (1+ 365 )
2p=Pe(08x)
a)

(365)(3)

(1095)
-08x
P=$600(1.00013)
2=e

P=$600(1.1618)
ln2=.08x
P=$697.09
ln 2
x= 0.08 = 8.66
15. To get $100 after 2 years at 6% compounded monthly.
1t
A=Pe
45.
Jerone will be buying a used car for $15,000 in 3 years. How much
money
should
(-0.06)(2) he ask his parents for now so that, if he invents it at 5%
A=100
e
compounded continuously he will have enough to buy a car?
(-0.12)
A=100(.05x3)
e
1500=Pe
A=88.72
1500
P= e.05 x 3 =827.73

5.2 Modeling population data analysis

5.8
1. Growlh of an insect population. The size of a certain insect population at time t ( in days)
obeys the law of uninhibited growth P(t)=500e0.02t
a) Determine the number of insects at t=0 days
p(0)= 500e(0.02))0)~500
b) What is the growth rate of the insect population?
The growth rate is 2% of the insects.
c) What is the population after 10 days?
P(10) =500e(0.02)(10)~610.70
d) When will the insect population reach 800?
800=500e(0.02t)

800 0.02t
=e
500
1.6=e0.02t
ln1.6=0.02t
t=

ln 1.6
23.50 days
0.02

e) When will the insect population double?


After about 34.7 days
2. Growth of bacteria The number N of bacteria present in a culture at time t (in hours) obeys
the law of uninhibited growth N(t)=1000e0.01t
a) Determine the number of bacteria at t=0 hours
P(0)=1000e(0.01)(0)~1000
b) What is the growth rate of the bacteria?
1% per day
c)What is the population after 4 hours?
P(4)=1000e(0.01)(4)~1040.81
d) When will the number of bacteria reach 1700?
1700=1000e(0.01t)

1700 0.01 t
=e
1000
Ln1.7=0.01t
t=

ln1.7
53.06
0.01

e) When will the number of bacteria double?


2000=1000e0.01t

2000 0.01 t
=e
1000
Ln2=0.01t
T=

ln 2
69.31
0.01

5. Growth of a colony of mosquitos. The population of the colony of mosquitoes obeys the law of
uninhibited growth.
a) If N is the population of the colony and t is the time in days, express N as a function of t.
N (t)=Next
b) If 500 bacteria are present initially and they are 800 after 1 hour, has many will be present in
the culture after 5 hours.
5697.34
c) How long is it until there are 20000 bacterias?
4

5.3 Modeling degradation data analysis


5.8
3. Radioactive Decay Strontiu-90 is a radioactive material that decays
according to the funtions A(t)=A0e-0.0244t, where A0 is the inicial amount
present and A is the amount present time t (in years). Assume that a
scientist has a sample of 500 grams of strontium-90.
a) What is the decay rate of strontium-90
2.44% per year
b) How much strontium-90 is left after 10 years?
341.7
c) When will 400 grams of strontium-90 be left?
.79g
9. Radioactive Decay. The half-life of radioactive porassium is 1.3 billion
years. If 10 grams is present now, how much will be present in 100 years? In
1000 years?
.79g
11.Estimating the Age of a tree. A piece of charcoal is found to contain 30y.
of the carbon-14 that it originally had. When did the tree die from wich the
characol came?
9953
13. Cooling Time of pizza Pan. A pizza pan is removed at 5:00pm from an
oven whose temperature is fixed at 4500 into a room that is constant 700F.
a)At what time is thhe temperature of the pan 1350F
5:18
b)Determinate the time that needs to elopse before the temperature of pain
is 1600F
14.400
c) What do you noticed about the temperature as time passes?
700

5.4 Modeling earthquakes and decibels


5.4
129. Normal conversation: intesnsity of x= 10-7 watt persquare meter.

103
5
(
)
L(10 =10log
1012 = 10log(10 )= 50dB
-7)

131. Heavy city traffic: Intensity of x=10-3 watt per square meter.

103
9
(
)
L(10 )=10log
1012 =10log(10 )=90dB
-3

133. Magnitud of an Earthquake: Mxico city in 1985: seismographic reading


of 125,892 millimiters 100 kilometers from the center.

125,892

M (120,892)=log ( 105

) = 8.1 unidades de Richter

134. Magnitud of an Earthquake: San Francisco in 1906: seismographic


Reading of 50,119 millimiters 100 kilometers from the center.
M(50119)=log

=
( 50119
10 )
3

7.70 unidades de Richter

5.5 Modeling general cases using charts


5.9
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