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Mayran Muoz
Ashly Mendoza
Grecia Novoa

5.1b

## 5.1 Modeling compound and continuous interest rates

5.7
5.1a
13. \$1000 invested at 11% compounded continuously after a period of 2
5.7
years.
(0.11)(2)
7. \$100
invested at 4% compounded quarterly after a period of 2
A=1000
e
years.
A=1000e(0.22) ~ 1246.07
0.04
(1+
) (4)(2)
P=\$10
14.
\$400 invested
at 7% compounded continuously after a period of 3
4
years.
8
P=\$100(1.01)
(0.07)(3)}
A=400
e

P=\$100(1.0828)
(0.21)
A=400
~ 493.47
e
P=\$108.28
1
21. To get \$80 after 3 4 years at 9% compounded continuously.
9. \$500 invested at 8% compounded quarterly after a period of 2
1
(0.09)(3.25)
A=80
2 e years.
A=80e(0.02769)~82.24
0.08
P=\$500 (1+ 4 ) (4)(2.50) 1
22. To get \$800 after 2 2

## years at 8% compounded continuously.

P=\$500(1.02)10
A=800e(0.08)(2.50)
P=\$500(1.21899)
A=800e(0.2)~977.12
P=\$609.50
35. How long does it take for an investment to double in value if it is
11. \$600
at 5% compounded
invested
at invested
8% compounded
monthly? daily after a period of 3 years.
0.05
P=\$600 (1+ 365 )
2p=Pe(08x)
a)

(365)(3)

(1095)
-08x
P=\$600(1.00013)
2=e

P=\$600(1.1618)
ln2=.08x
P=\$697.09
ln 2
x= 0.08 = 8.66
15. To get \$100 after 2 years at 6% compounded monthly.
1t
A=Pe
45.
Jerone will be buying a used car for \$15,000 in 3 years. How much
money
should
(-0.06)(2) he ask his parents for now so that, if he invents it at 5%
A=100
e
compounded continuously he will have enough to buy a car?
(-0.12)
A=100(.05x3)
e
1500=Pe
A=88.72
1500
P= e.05 x 3 =827.73

## 5.2 Modeling population data analysis

5.8
1. Growlh of an insect population. The size of a certain insect population at time t ( in days)
obeys the law of uninhibited growth P(t)=500e0.02t
a) Determine the number of insects at t=0 days
p(0)= 500e(0.02))0)~500
b) What is the growth rate of the insect population?
The growth rate is 2% of the insects.
c) What is the population after 10 days?
P(10) =500e(0.02)(10)~610.70
d) When will the insect population reach 800?
800=500e(0.02t)

800 0.02t
=e
500
1.6=e0.02t
ln1.6=0.02t
t=

ln 1.6
23.50 days
0.02

## e) When will the insect population double?

2. Growth of bacteria The number N of bacteria present in a culture at time t (in hours) obeys
the law of uninhibited growth N(t)=1000e0.01t
a) Determine the number of bacteria at t=0 hours
P(0)=1000e(0.01)(0)~1000
b) What is the growth rate of the bacteria?
1% per day
c)What is the population after 4 hours?
P(4)=1000e(0.01)(4)~1040.81
d) When will the number of bacteria reach 1700?
1700=1000e(0.01t)

1700 0.01 t
=e
1000
Ln1.7=0.01t
t=

ln1.7
53.06
0.01

## e) When will the number of bacteria double?

2000=1000e0.01t

2000 0.01 t
=e
1000
Ln2=0.01t
T=

ln 2
69.31
0.01

5. Growth of a colony of mosquitos. The population of the colony of mosquitoes obeys the law of
uninhibited growth.
a) If N is the population of the colony and t is the time in days, express N as a function of t.
N (t)=Next
b) If 500 bacteria are present initially and they are 800 after 1 hour, has many will be present in
the culture after 5 hours.
5697.34
c) How long is it until there are 20000 bacterias?
4

## 5.3 Modeling degradation data analysis

5.8
according to the funtions A(t)=A0e-0.0244t, where A0 is the inicial amount
present and A is the amount present time t (in years). Assume that a
scientist has a sample of 500 grams of strontium-90.
a) What is the decay rate of strontium-90
2.44% per year
b) How much strontium-90 is left after 10 years?
341.7
c) When will 400 grams of strontium-90 be left?
.79g
years. If 10 grams is present now, how much will be present in 100 years? In
1000 years?
.79g
11.Estimating the Age of a tree. A piece of charcoal is found to contain 30y.
of the carbon-14 that it originally had. When did the tree die from wich the
characol came?
9953
13. Cooling Time of pizza Pan. A pizza pan is removed at 5:00pm from an
oven whose temperature is fixed at 4500 into a room that is constant 700F.
a)At what time is thhe temperature of the pan 1350F
5:18
b)Determinate the time that needs to elopse before the temperature of pain
is 1600F
14.400
c) What do you noticed about the temperature as time passes?
700

## 5.4 Modeling earthquakes and decibels

5.4
129. Normal conversation: intesnsity of x= 10-7 watt persquare meter.

103
5
(
)
L(10 =10log
1012 = 10log(10 )= 50dB
-7)

131. Heavy city traffic: Intensity of x=10-3 watt per square meter.

103
9
(
)
L(10 )=10log
1012 =10log(10 )=90dB
-3

## 133. Magnitud of an Earthquake: Mxico city in 1985: seismographic reading

of 125,892 millimiters 100 kilometers from the center.

125,892

M (120,892)=log ( 105

## 134. Magnitud of an Earthquake: San Francisco in 1906: seismographic

Reading of 50,119 millimiters 100 kilometers from the center.
M(50119)=log

=
( 50119
10 )
3