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Name - Chandrika Choudhary

Roll No. 2013038

Subject Interpretation of Statutes
Project Topic Landmark Judgments given by Justice P.N. Bhagwati
Objective By the study of this project we will understand the whole concept of
delivering judgment and what mind set a judge have while deciding on a particular
case and we will also get the knowledge of landmark judgments given by Justice P.N.
Research Methodology For this project the research methodology is doctrinal. The
information and data for the project will be from various books, articles and other web
sources. The research will also include the case laws to explain the topic more clearly.

There are large numbers of people yearning for justice. Very often justice is denied to
them not by the court but by the society. So, Justice P.N. Bhagwati thought of helping
the poor and unprivileged sections of the society who are leading a life of poverty.
They are unable to afford to go to the court because they are unable to know what
their rights are. Even if they do know the rights they do not have the capacity go to
the court to enforce their rights. With the result they suffer silently the injustice
heaped upon them by the state or by the vested interest. And even when they come to
the court they are often not well represented by lawyers because they cannot afford to
have good lawyers. So it is here the responsibility as a judge comes into play. Because
when the case comes before them very often the parties are not matched. They are not
properly balanced. One party is superior to the other by the reason of material
resources, by reason of the fact that they are able to engage a very competent lawyer
whereas the other party is not. And there is always the possibility that injustice will
result for want of proper representation of the case on behalf of the weaker section or
the weaker party. It is here the judges have to be very careful to see that the weaker
party does not suffer for want of proper legal representation.
Indias higher judiciary has created and overseen the evolution of Public Interest
Litigation in India which is given by Justice P.N. Bhagwati. He pioneered the concept
of PIL. This instrument of legal empowerment has left a deep imprint on our legal
process of social change and political empowerment in our country. Many would
argue that like in so many things in public life, in PILs too we may have gone too far.
Perhaps a corrective was required and we have had some balance restored in recent
times. But in principle, the instrument of PIL did help empower the people and we
must thank Justice Bhagwati for giving a lead in this area, especially during his tenure
as Chief Justice of India.
This paper presents a strong defence for the public interest litigation model as an
instrument for the delivery of fair and equitable justice, resistant to governmental
apathy as well as social and economic privilege. And this paper also going to deal
with the case laws which was delivered by Justice Bhagwati and what is the art of
writing a judgment which was followed by Justice Bhagwati.