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IES RAMN Y CAJAL.

MEMORIA CIENCIAS SOCIALES / SECCIN BILINGE


INGLS. 1 y 2 ESO. CURSO 2011-12

UNIDAD DIDCTICA:
TITLE: THE EARLYMIDDLE AGES
1. Introduction and description of the didactic unit.

JUSTIFICATION
This didactic unit is the first one which has been scheduled for the second year of secondary
school (ESO). The contents that have been included in it link into to the historical speech
developed in the last unit of the subject of Social Science in first year of ESO. In this unit,
students will deal with the crisis of the Roman Empire, focusing with spread of Islam in the
early Middle Ages.
The classbook used in this academic year is RAMREZ MURIANA, D. (Ed.). Geografa e
Historia, 2 ESO, Ed. Santillana, Madrid 2007. For that reason, most of the activities that
appear in different sessions have been extracted from it and some others have been created by
the teacher. The PowerPoint Presentation has been created by the teacher.
A part of that, different resources have been used, such as blackboard, computer and projector
and, above all, different fotocopies with vocabulary or content in English.
GROUP: Second group of ESO
NUMBER OF SESSIONS: 7, including the exam.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION:
Students have prior knowledge of the origin of the Roman Empire, its heyday, the causes of
its decline and Germanic settlement in Roman territory.
2. Didactic Objectives:
1. To understand the causes of the Roman Empires crisis and the consequences of its
disappearance.
2. To analyze the main characteristics of the kingdoms created by Germanic peoples.
3. To learn the basic features of the Byzantine Empire and its heyday during the
reign of Justinian.
4. To know the origin of Islam and fundamental precepts of this religion.
5. To describe the space by which Islam spread in various stages of its history.
6. To understand the importance of Islamic civilization and islamic culture.
7. To know who Charlemagne was and how the empire he created was organized.

IES RAMN Y CAJAL. MEMORIA CIENCIAS SOCIALES / SECCIN BILINGE


INGLS. 1 y 2 ESO. CURSO 2011-12
Evaluation criteria:
1. To identify basic characteristics that led to main artistic styles of the Middle Ages and the
Modern Age to contextualize the stage where they were originated, and apply this knowledge to
the analysis of tasks of relevant and representative art.
2. To do a simple descriptive work (observation, newspapers, books, websites, etc..), selecting
relevant information, integrating it into an outline or script and communicating properly, using
the proper vocabulary in the results of the study individually or in groups, supported by teacher
assistance.
3. Contents:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

The end of the Roman Empire.


The Germanic kingdoms.
The Byzantine Empire.
Islam in the Middle Ages.
The Carolingian Empire.

4. Sessions and learning activities:


SESSION N1
EXHIBITION
TIME.
CONTENT:

55 minutes
The end of the Roman Empire.
The Germanic kingdoms.

EDUCATIONAL - Power Point about the contents of the lesson. (Source: Teacher)
RESOURCES
- Documentary: Expansion of Byzantine empire and musulman
power.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UzZZPiYbAX8&feature=relmfu
(Source: Artehistoria)
ACTIVITIES

1. What factors provoked the split of the Roman Empire in


two parts? How are they called?
2. Why the Germans entered the Roman Empire?
3. What do you think? :
a. What was the first meaning of barbarian? What does it
mean today?
b. Why did the Germanic tribes adopt Latin as their

IES RAMN Y CAJAL. MEMORIA CIENCIAS SOCIALES / SECCIN BILINGE


INGLS. 1 y 2 ESO. CURSO 2011-12
language and Christianity as their religion?
4. Are these statements true or false? Correct the false
sentences:
A. The Germanic tribes came from Africa.
B. Germanic tribes invaded Rome when the Romans were
weak.
C. New cities and trade routes appeared after the fall of the
Roman Empire.
D. Theodosius was the last emperor.
5. After watching the documentary, name different Germanic
kingdoms that were introduced in the Roman Empire and
the modern country originated.

SESSION N2
EXHIBITION
TIME
CONTENT
EDUCATIONAL
RESOURCES
ACTIVITIES

55 minutes
The Byzantine Empire.
-

Interactive resource:
http://www.librosvivos.net/smtc/homeTC.asp?
TemaClave=1103 (Source: Libros Vivos.net)

6. What is the Byzantine Empire?


7. What are the key points from Byzantine Empire?
8. What military features helped the military expansion of
Byzantine Empire?
9. Answer the following questions:
-Why it is said that Byzantine Empire was influenced by
religion?
- What is the Justinians Code?
-Where Byzantine Empire was extended in its heyday?
-What happened with those territories after the death of
Justinian?
- List the most important cities in the Byzantine Empire.
10. Sum up in the following chart the main characteristics
from Byzantine Empire in Justinian times.

IES RAMN Y CAJAL. MEMORIA CIENCIAS SOCIALES / SECCIN BILINGE


INGLS. 1 y 2 ESO. CURSO 2011-12
Government
Economy
Culture

SESSION N 3
EXHIBITION
TIME.
CONTENT:
EDUCATIONAL
RESOURCES
ACTIVITIES

55 minutes
The Byzantine Empire.
-

Interactive resource:
http://www.librosvivos.net/smtc/homeTC.asp?
TemaClave=1103(Source: Libros Vivos.net)

11. Use a modern political map of Europe and find:


a. The modern names of Byzantium and Constantinople.
b. Byzantine settlements which are now capital cities.
c. Some modern countries which were part of the Empire.
12. Choose the best answer:
The byzantine architecture is the synthesis between
a) The roman architecture and oriental architecture.
b) The Japanese architecture and the roman architecture.
c) The muslim architecture and the greek arquitecture.
13. What features were inherited by byzantine mosaic? Where
can we find one famous byzantine mosaic?
14. Answer the following questions:
-Explain the main differences between:
a) Orthodox Church and Catholic Church;
b) a painting and a mosaic.
-What is an icon? What is a greek cross plan?
-What is the Schism of the East? When it happened?
-Why byzantine empire was influenced by religion?
15. Why did over the Byzantine Empire?

IES RAMN Y CAJAL. MEMORIA CIENCIAS SOCIALES / SECCIN BILINGE


INGLS. 1 y 2 ESO. CURSO 2011-12

SESSION N 4
EXHIBITION
TIME.
CONTENT:
EDUCATIONAL
RESOURCES

55 minutes
Islam in the Middle Ages.
-

Interactive resource:
http://www.librosvivos.net/smtc/homeTC.asp?
TemaClave=1149 (Source: Libros Vivos.net)

Documentary about Islamic Religion:


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=maEEygFdNIA
(Source: Artehistoria)

ACTIVITIES

16. When Islamic religion appeared? Where it appeared?


17. What is Koran?
18. What is the most representative religious building from
Islam?
19. Answer the following questions:
-Explain the difference between:
a) Monoteism and polytheism.
b) muslim and arab.
c) caliph and ulema.
-How do muslims call to God?
20. Write five pillars of Islam. Add other aspects about
Muslim religion.
21. Think about this concept:
-What medieval aspects from Islam are present yet?

IES RAMN Y CAJAL. MEMORIA CIENCIAS SOCIALES / SECCIN BILINGE


INGLS. 1 y 2 ESO. CURSO 2011-12
SESSION N 5
EXHIBITION
TIME.
CONTENT:

55 minutes
The Carolingian Empire.

EDUCATIONAL -Documentary about feudalism in Europe:


RESOURCES
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=27xdhmswJx4&feature=relmfu
(Source: Artehistoria)
ACTIVITIES

22. Answer the following questions:


- What is the capital of Charlemagnes empire?
- Carolus means Charles in Latin. What do you think that
the word Carolingian means?
- What does swear fidelity mean?
23. Search the main ideas in the text:
-How the Carolingian empire was governed?
-How did they live in those times?
-What territories were conquered by Charlemagne?
24. Complete the following sentences about The Carolingian
Empire:
THE CAROLINGIAN EMPIRE:

-Its heyday was


-During the following centuries
-The main king was
-Which was crowned in
-Its economy was supported by
-Made by
-Society was composed by

IES RAMN Y CAJAL. MEMORIA CIENCIAS SOCIALES / SECCIN BILINGE


INGLS. 1 y 2 ESO. CURSO 2011-12
SESSION N 6: EVALUATION
25. Complete the following chart:
ACTIVITIES
1.Germanic kingdoms
2. Byzantine Empire
3. Islam
4. Carolingian Empire
a. Who governed?
b. Was it a rural or an urban civilization?
c. What were their most important economic activities?
d. What was their religion?
e. Was it polytheistic or monotheistic?
f. What was its level of cultural development?
26. Link the following terms:
a) Teodosius
1. Main byzantine emperor.
b) Barbarians 2. Disappearance of the Eastern Roman Empire.
c) Charlemagne 3. Roman empire division.
d) Justinian
4. Franks king.
27. Write a timeline and place the following events:
- Islam origin
- Roman empire division by Theodosius.
- Disappearance of the Western Roman Empire.
- Disappearance of the Eastern Roman Empire.
- Charlemagnes reign.
- Justinians reign.

IES RAMN Y CAJAL. MEMORIA CIENCIAS SOCIALES / SECCIN BILINGE


INGLS. 1 y 2 ESO. CURSO 2011-12
SESSION N 7: EXAM
1) En qu partes dividi el emperador Teodosio el imperio romano en
el 395? (1 pto.)
2) Qu significa brbaro? Cita las diferentes tribus germanas y los
territorios que ocuparon tras la cada del imperio romano. (1 pto.)
3) Qu es el imperio bizantino? (1 pto.)
4) Qu es el Cisma de Oriente y cundo se produjo? Explica las
diferencias entre la iglesia catlica y la ortodoxa. (1 pto.)
5) Cules son las manifestaciones artsticas del arte bizantino? y del
arte islmico? Seala las partes ms importantes de cada uno de ellas.
(1 pto.)
EXAM
6) Comenta los aspectos ms importantes de las diferentes etapas de la
historia del Islam durante la Edad Media. (1 pto.)
7) What is the Justinians Code? (1 pto.)
8) Why did over the Byzantine empire? (1 pto.)
9) Whats the name of the Islams holy book? (1 pto.)
10) What are the five pillars of Islam? (1 pto.)

Digital Educational Resource used in session n1, made by the teacher (a


PowerPoint Presentation):
8

IES RAMN Y CAJAL. MEMORIA CIENCIAS SOCIALES / SECCIN BILINGE


INGLS. 1 y 2 ESO. CURSO 2011-12

IES RAMN Y CAJAL. MEMORIA CIENCIAS SOCIALES / SECCIN BILINGE


INGLS. 1 y 2 ESO. CURSO 2011-12

Profesora DNL de Ciencias Sociales.


Silvia Bahamonde Bago.

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