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# AL-balqa' Applied University

Faculty of Engineering
Department of Civil Engineering
Hydraulic lab
Experiment title : Reynold's Number
Student name :
Student I.D : 31502052038
Date of field work : 16\10\2016
Date of submitted : 23\10\2016
Submitted to : .

DATA
Volume

time

0.00085

16

0.00085

10.22

0.00085

4.62

flow
0.00005312
5
8.31703E05
0.00018398
3

area
0.000078
5
0.000078
5
0.000078
5

velocity
0.67675
2
1.05949
4
2.34372
8

diamete
r
0.01
0.01
0.01

0.00000096
3
0.00000096
3
0.00000096
3

Re
7027.53
5
11002.0
1
24337.7
8

CONCLUSION
-

## The experiment was carried out to investigate the

characteristic of the flow of the liquid in the pipe which is
also used to determine the Reynolds Number for each
state of the flow .The experiment was also done to know
and learn the behavior of the flow and also to calculate
the range for the laminar, transitional and turbulent flow.

## - .There are three types of flow that we study in this

experiment. Firstly, laminar flow which is the type of flow
in which the particles move in a straight line in the form
of a thin parallel sheets is known as the Laminar flow.
Laminar flow denotes a steady condition where all stream
lines follow parallel paths. Under this condition, the ink
dye will remain easily identifiable as a solid core .

## - Then, turbulent flow which is the type of flow in which

the particles move in a zigzag pattern is known as the
turbulent flow. Turbulent flow denotes as unsteady
condition where stream lines interact causing shear plan
collapse and mixing occurs. As the flow rate is increased,
the transition from laminar to turbulent flow is a gradual
process. This zone of change is defined as transitional
flow.

## - Lastly is transitional flow, when the flow changes from

laminar to turbulent disturbance is created, it is called as
the transitional flow. In this experiment, we observed that

the ink line change with the increasing of water flow rate.
The shape change from thin threads to slightly swirling
which still contains smooth thin threads and then fully
swirling. We can say that this change is from laminar flow
to transitional flow and then to turbulent flow and it is not
occurs suddenly.

## - As the water flow rate increase, the Reynolds number

calculated also increase and the ink dye line change from
thin thread to swirling in shape.

## from the results that we got from analyzing the data , it

was clear to us that there is an error with the data that
we took since all three cases were turbulent which they
should be laminar , transition and turbulent which I think
that this happened because we didn't take the time
correctly because for laminar case first time we took the
reading and it was 1.10 min (70s) and this time gives a
laminar flow of (1606.29) unlike the second time when
we took it and it was 16s and this time gives a turbulent
flow of 7027.53 , so it's obvious that the error in results
happened because of not taking the correct time .

## - Based on this experiment, there are many ways to

improve the experiment and obtain the best results. the
experiment should be repeated three times in order to
get average readings .This will reduce the deviation from
theoretical results.