Classical Latin step by step

A beginner's course in Latin

Lesson 8

„Latin doesn't have to be scary!“

Latin step by step – Lesson 8
On the menu today:
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Review Continuation of the story: This is new! Grammar: getting used to case endings Lots of new vocabulary Quiz Extension: a Latin christmas carol

Review
Marcus: Quam gaudeo tecum esse! Cornelia: Et ego gaudeo! Quam gaudeo te non necatum esse! Marcus: Syrum gladiatorium famosum esse constat. Bene pugnare potest. Sed et ego bene pugnare possum. Cornelia: Bene pugnas, sed semper vincere non potes... Marcus: ... Hodie victor sum. Celebramus!

This is new!
Marcus: Ecce! Quid est? Cornelia: Ah! Novum templum esse puto! Marcus: Et ibi? Estne et ibi templum? Cornelia: Sic est. Ibi Romani Minervae immolant. Marcus: Quot dei sunt Romanis? Cornelia: Multi. Et veniunt et novi dei. Marcus: Novi dei?? Cornelia: Legionarii novos deos ex terris externis important.

Grammar: case endings
In this and the previous lessons we have seen the following endings:
Nom. Gen. Dat. ♂ -us -o ○ -um -o ♀ -a -ae ? -[C] Acc. Abl. -um -o -um -o -am -a -em Nom. Gen. Dat. -i -is -a -is -ae -is -es Acc. Abl. -os -is -a -is -as -is -es

Start to get used to them!

Quiz
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What does the AcI consist of? Which case is used for the subject of a sentence? Which cases are used for the object of a sentence? What case usually follows a preposition? What case is used for "He is entering the arena"? What is the Latin equivalent of "the"? What are the plural forms of: gladiatorius, amica, templum, nomen?

Test yourself
Really important:
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novus putare Romanus deus multi ex terra

Not so important:
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ecce templum immolare quot legionarius externus importare

Extension: a Latin Christmas carol
1. Adeste, fideles, laeti triumphantes; Venite, venite in Bethlehem. Natum videte Regem angelorum. Chorus: Venite adoremus, venite adoremus, Venite adoremus Dominum. 2. Deum de Deo, lumen de lumine, Parturit virgo mater, Deum verum, genitum, non factum.

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