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CONJUGACIN TIEMPOS VERBALES

PRESENT SIMPLE : yo viajo, t viajas, l viaja,.


(LO QUE HACES TODOS LOS DAS ,TODAS LAS SEMANAS, TODOS LOS AOS, LO QUE HACES NORMALMENTE)
I

travel

YOU

travel

HE,SHE,IT

travelS

WE

travel

YOU

travel

THEY

travel

I
travel
YOU
travel
HE,SHE,IT
travel
WE
travel
YOU
travel
THEY
travel

dont
dont
doesnt
dont
dont
dont

Do
I
travel?
Do
you
travel?
Does he,she,it
travel?
Do
we
travel?
Do
you
travel?
Do
they
travel?

RECUERDA: -S con: He , She, It


Negativa: dont doesnt
Interrogativa : Do Does

Palabras que acompaan normalmente al Presente Simple:


On Monday, on Tuesday,= El Lunes, el Martes, at the weekend = en el fin de semana
every + day, week, month, year = todos los das, semanas,meses,aos
Los adverbios de frecuencia: always,sometimes,often,never,usually
How often ..? = Con qu frecuencia?
Once a week ,twice a month, three times a year,etc =una vez a la semana, dos veces,tres veces
Verbos estticos ( siempre se ponen en Presente Simple: like, think,understand,want,prefer,etc..

PRESENT CONTINUOUS: Yo estoy bebiendo ,t ests bebiendo, l est bebiendo

PRESENTE VERBO TO BE + -ING

(LO QUE ESTS HACIENDO EN ESTE MOMENTO, AHORA MISMO, HOY)


I
drinking
YOU
drinking
HE,SHE,IT
drinking

am
are
is

Im

not

YOU

arent

HE,SHE,IT isnt
drinking

drinking
drinking

Am
I
drinking?
Are
YOU
drinking?
Is
HE,SHE,IT
drinking?

WE
drinking
YOU
drinking
THEY
drinking

are
are
are

WE
arent
drinking
YOU
arent
drinking
THEY arent
drinking

Are
WE
drinking?
Are
YOU
drinking?
Are
THEY
drinking?

Palabras que acompaan al Presente Continuo:


Now = ahora , at the moment= en este momento , right now = justo ahora
this week = esta semana , this year= este ao
Today_= hoy
Look.!= mira, (estoy haciendo algo), Listen! = escucha (estoy) , Shhhh!= calla (estoy..)

PAST SIMPLE: Yo pint, t pintaste, l pint,

Afir: 2 columna lista verbos


Negat. Didnt + verbo en Presente
Interr. Did + Persona + verbo en Presente

(LO QUE HICISTE EN EL PASADO)


I

painted

YOU

painted

HE,SHE,IT

painted

WE

painted

YOU

painted

THEY

painted

I
paint
YOU
paint
HE,SHE,IT
paint
WE
paint
YOU
paint
THEY
paint

didnt
didnt
didnt
didnt
didnt
didnt

Did
paint?
Did
paint?
Did
paint?
Did
paint?
Did
paint?
Did
paint?

I
YOU
HE,SHE,IT
WE
YOU
THEY

Palabras que acompaan al Pasado Simple:


Yesterday = ayer
Yesterday morning = ayer por la maana Yesterday afternoon = ayer por la tarde Yesterday evening= ayer por la tarde
noche Yesterday night=ayer por la noche
Last year = el ao pasado

Last week = la semana pasada

Last month = el mes pasado Last night = anoche

PAST CONTINUOUS: Yo estaba estudiando, t estabas estudiando, l estaba estudiando,


(LO QUE ESTABAS HACIENDO A UNA HORA DETERMINADA DEL PASADO, EN UN MOMENTO DETERMINADO DEL
PASADO)
PASADO VERBO TO BE + -ING
I
painting
YOU
painting
HE,SHE,IT
painting
WE
painting
YOU
painting
THEY
painting

was
were
was
were
were
were

I
painting
YOU
painting
HE,SHE,IT
painting
WE
painting
YOU
painting
THEY
painting

wasnt
werent
wasnt
werent
werent
werent

Was
I
painting?
Were
YOU
painting?
Was
HE,SHE,IT
painting?
Were
WE
painting?
Were
YOU
painting?
Were
THEY
painting?

Palabras que acompaan al Pasado Continuo: Las mismas que el Pasado Simple
WHILE = MIENTRAS (while + pasado continuo)
veces puede ir con pasado continuo)

WHEN = CUANDO

(when + pasado simple) ( a

A una hora determinada del pasado = ( I was studying at half past seven yesterday morning = estaba estudiando a las
siete y media ayer por la maana)

FUTURE SIMPLE: Yo trabajar, t trabajars, l trabajar, (LO QUE HARS EN EL FUTURO)

WILL / WONT + VERBO

I ll work
work)
Youll work

( will

He,She,Itll work

I
wont work (will
not work)
You
wont work
He,She,It

wont work

Will
work ?
Will
work ?
Will
work ?

I
You
He,She,It

We ll work

We

wont work

Youll work

You

wont work

Theyll work

They

wont work

Will
work ?
Will
work ?
Will
work ?

We
You
They

Palabras que acompaan al Futuro:


Tomorrow = maana tomorrow morning= maana por la maana Tomorrow afternoon = maana por la tarde,.
Next day = el prximo da Next year = el ao que viene Next week = la semana que viene Next month =el mes que viene
Next Sunday = el prximo Domingo Next weekend = el prximo fin de semana
AM GOING TO+ VERBO
FUTURE INTENTION & PREDICTION: BE GOING TO ( Yo voy a dormir, t vasI a
dormir, l va a dormir)
YO VOY A..

I
am going to
I m not going to
sleep
sleep
You
are going to
You arent going to
sleep
sleep
He,She,It is going to
He, She, It isnt going to
sleep
sleep
We
are going to
We arent going to
sleep
sleep
You
are going to
You arent going to
sleep
sleep
They
are going to
They arent going to
sleep
sleep
Palabras que acompaan al Futuro de Intencin: Las

Am
I
going to
sleep?
Are
You
going to
sleep?
Is
He, she, It going
to sleep?
Are
We
going to
sleep?
Are
You
going to
sleep?
Are
They going to
sleep?
mismas que las del Futuro Simple.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS AS FUTURE: (PLANES): Yo jugar, t jugars, l jugar,


PLANEADO PARA EL FUTURO)
I m

playing

I m

not

playing

You re playing

You

arent playing

Am
I
playing?
Are
you
playing?

Tonight = esta noche

(COSAS QUE HAS

PRESENTE VERBO TO BE + -ING

He,she,it s playing

he,she,it isnt playing

Is
he,she,it
playing?
We re playing
we
arent playing
Are
we
playing?
You re playing
you arent playing
Are
you
playing?
They re playing
they arent playing
Are
they
playing?
Palabras que le acompaan: Las mismas que para todos los Futuros .

Tonight = esta noche

FUTURE CONTINUOUS : Yo estar limpiando, t estars limpiando, l estar limpiando,


WILL DEL
BE +
-ING
(LO QUE ESTARS HACIENDO A UNA HORA DETERMINADA DEL FUTURO, EN UN MOMENTO
FUTURO)
I

ll

be cleaning

wont be cleaning

You ll be cleaning

you wont be cleaning

He,she,itll be cleaning
We ll be cleaning

he,she,it wont be
cleaning
we wont be cleaning

You ll be cleaning

you

They ll be cleaning

they wont be cleaning

wont be cleaning

Will
I
cleaning?
Will
you
cleaning?
Will
he,she,it
cleaning?
Will
we
cleaning?
Will
you
cleaning?
Will
they
cleaning?

Palabras que acompaan al futuro continuo: Todas las de los Futuros ms


Tomorrow at 6 p.m.= maana a las 6
At this time next week = a esta hora la prxima semana

FUTURE PERFECT: Yo habr aprobado, t habrs aprobado, l habr aprobado,

WILL HAVE + PARTICIPIO

(LO QUE HABRS HECHO EN EL FUTURO, lo que habrs finalizado para ese tiempo)
I
will have
passed
You will have
passed
He,she,it will have
passed
We will have
passed
You will have
passed
They will have
passed

I
wont have
passed
you wont have
passed
he,she,it wont have
passed
we
wont have
passed
you
wont have
passed
they wont have
passed

Will
I
have
passed?
Will
you have
passed?
Will he,she,it have
passed?
Will
we
have
passed?
Will
you
have
passed?
Will
they have
passed?

Palabras que acompaan a este tiempo: Las mismas que para todos los Futuros , ms:
By July = para Julio.. By tomorrow ..= para maana.. By the time= para cuando

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Yo he perdido, t has perdido, l ha perdido,


(SE USA PARA UNA ACCIN QUE EMPEZ EN EL PASADO Y SIGUE EN EL PRESENTE)

I ve lost
You ve lost
He,she,it s lost
We ve lost
You ve lost
They ve lost

I
havent lost
you havent lost
he,she,it hasnt lost
we havent lost
you havent lost
they havent lost

Have
I
lost?
Have you lost?
Has he,she,it lost?
Have
we
lost?
Have
you lost?
Have they lost?

Palabras que acompaan al Presente Perfecto : (recently, lately, this week, this year,)

HAVE - HAS + PARTICIPIO

1.- Already = Ya (Oraciones Afirm.)


dormido

HAVE + ALREADY + PARTICIPIO

2.- Yet
an.

= Ya,todava , an Or.Negativas e Interr. , se coloca al final de la oracin

3.- For

= Durante, desde hace

Ejemplo : I have already slept = ya he


Ejemplo : I havent studied yet =no he estudiado

FOR + N + TIEMPO (desde hace 2 horas, desde hace 4 aos)

Ejemplo : I havent seen you for two weeks = no te veo desde hace dos semanas
Excepciones: for ages , for months, for years, for weeks, for a long time,
4.- Since = Desde SINCE + TIEMPO CONCRETO (desde las 3 en punto,desde el verano,..)
April = Llevo en Mlaga desde Abril
5.-Ever

Ejemplo : I have been in Malaga since

= Alguna vez, se usa en oraciones Interrogativas


Ejemplo: Have you ever seen a lion ? No, I have never seen it .

6.- Never = Nunca , se pone en medio del have y el participio


Ejemplo : I have never smoked = nunca he fumado
6.- HAVE JUST + PARTICIPIO = ACABAR DE
Ejemplo: Ive just had breakfast = Acabo de desayunar
7.- HOW LONG.?= Cunto tiempo hace (Tambin puede aparecer con el Pasado)

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS : Yo he estado esperando (Llevo esperando), t has estado esperando (llevas
esperando),

HAVE - HAS + BEEN + -ING

(SE USA PARA UNA ACCIN QUE EMPEZ EN EL PASADO Y SIGUE EN EL PRESENTE)

I ve

been waiting

You ve been waiting


He,she,its been waiting

I havent been waiting


you havent been
waiting
he,she,it hasnt been
waiting

Have I
been
waiting?
Have you been
waiting?
Has he,she,it been
waiting?

We ve

been waiting

You ve been waiting


Theyve been waiting

we havent been
waiting
you havent been
waiting
they havent been
waiting

Have we been
waiting?
Have
you been
waiting?
Have
they been
waiting?

Palabras que le acompaan: Las mismas que para el Presente Perfecto ms : all morning = toda la maana
todo el da for hours = durante horas

all day =

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE: Yo haba (hubiera o hubiese) ido ; t habas (hubieras


o hubieses) ido,
HAD + PARTICIPIO
(ESTE TIEMPO SE EMPLEA PARA HABLAR DE UNA ACCIN ANTERIOR AL PASADO)
Ej. Before he arrived , his parents had bought him a new bedroom= Antes de que llegara , sus padres le haban comprado
un dormitorio nuevo.

I
had gone
You had gone
He,she,it had gone

I
hadnt gone
you hadnt gone
he,she,it hadnt gone

We had gone
You had gone
They had gone

we hadnt gone
you hadnt gone
they hadnt gone

Had
Had
Had
gone?
Had
Had
Had

I
gone?
you gone?
he,she,it
we gone?
you gone?
they gone?

Palabras que acompaan al Past Perfect Simple:


By the time..= para cuando
until ..=hasta que---

before..= antes de que

after..= desps de que

as soon as..=tan pronto como..

When + Pas. Simple.Past. Perfecto

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Yo haba estado cantando (yo llevaba cantando), t estabas cantando (t llevabas
cantando),

(SE USA PARA UNA ACCIN QUE SE ESTABA REALIZANDO U OCURRIENDO EN EL PASADO ANTES DE OTRA ACCIN )
I

had been singing

You had been singing

I
hadnt been
singing
You hadnt been singing

He,she,it had been


singing
We had been singing

he,she,it hadnt been


singing
we
hadnt been
singing
You had been singing
you hadnt been
singing
They had been singing
they hadnt been
singing
Palabras que le acompaan:

Had
I
been
singing?
Had
you been
singing?
Had
he,she,it been
singing?
Had
we
been
singing?
Had
you
been
singing?
Had
they been
singing?

HAD + BEEN + PARTICIPIO

Las mismas que para el Past Perfect Simple, ms : all day , all night, all

CONDITIONAL SIMPLE: Yo vendera, t venderas, l vendera.


(SE USA PARA HIPTESIS O SUPOSICIONES DE LO QUE HARAS)
I
would sell
sell)
You would sell

(Id

wouldnt sell

you

wouldnt sell

He,she,it would sell

he,she,it

We

would sell

we

wouldnt sell

You

would sell

you

wouldnt sell

they

wouldnt sell

They

would sell

wouldnt sell

Would
sell?
Would
sell?
Would
sell?
Would
sell?
Would
sell?
Would
sell?

I
you
he,she,it
we
you
they

WOULD + VERBO

CONDITIONAL PERFECT: Yo habra vendido, t habras vendido, l habra vendido,..)

WOULD + HAVE + PARTICIPIO


(SE USA PARA HIPTESIS O SUPOSICIONES DE LO QUE HUBIERAS HECHO EN EL PASADO)
I

would have sold

You

would have sold

He,she,it would have


sold
We would have sold
You
They

would have sold


would have sold

I
wouldnt have
sold
you wouldnt have
sold
he,she,it wouldnt have
sold
we
wouldnt have
sold
you
wouldnt have
sold
they wouldnt have
sold

Would
sold
Would
sold
Would
have sold
Would
sold
Would
sold
Would
sold

I
you

have
have

he,she,it
we

have

you

have

they

have