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History of Medieval Times

Crusades begin to free Jerusalem from Turkish control.

Intro to Medieval Times
Class Notes
Fall 2016

History of Medieval Times

Jarod, Misty, & Daniel

Pope Urban II started the war to get back the holy land Jerusalem.
The crusades are to take back the holy land and to defend what's theirs.
People’s Crusade was a organized band of knights that fhot in the first
crusade at the time.
There were four main armies of Crusaders that were attacking during the first
Thay reclaimed Jerusalem after the crusade.


History of Medieval Times
Knights Templar, a religious order whose mission was to protect pilgrims.
The Knights Templar went on a mission into the Holy Land to reclaim some treasure.

History of Medieval Times

History of Medieval Times

Pope Gregory 4 begins the inquisition

Zimbabwe emerges as major trading empire.

The orginal nine Knights Templar were either born or related to the Rex Deus

After 9 years of digging they had enough treasure to fill four trunks.

Jewish Elders stashed the Knights treasure under Solomon’s Stables.
Rosslyn Chapel holds the 4 trunks of treasure for the Knights and it is located in

The earliest and important trading centre is at Mapungubwe.

Gregory created in 1234, a code of canon law that remained the law for the
Catholic Church until after World War I had ended.
a judicial procedure created by pope Gregory the forth to combat heresy.
heresy a theological doctrine or system rejected as false by the ruling grope
or government.
This was basically the coret of ites day but only for heretics.
Pope Gregory really hated heretics he allowed torture on them he wanted
them to go extinct.

The buildings of Zimbabwe is evidence of great labour.
The settlement was established by a cattle-herding people.
The population of settlers rapidly increased in the area adminstered by Rhode’s
British South Africa Company.
British farmers claimed ownership over some lands in Zimbabwe about 100 years


History of Medieval Times

Historical Event - (Ending of Anglo-Saxon period and
the beginning of Medieval Era).

In france Joan of Arc burned at the stake by the english.
Joan of Arc heard voices that told her to raise the war of Orleans, so King Charles VII
could get to Reims.

Historical Event

She belives if she could start this war Charles could get to Reims and then France
would have a king again.

The Anglo-Norman entity that resulted from the norman conquest brought
England into mainstream Europe civilization, which included feudalism

By: Jake Holcomb & Kayde Nelson

To do this she dressed as a man and traveled with 6 male companions.
As Joan is fighting the war she tells Charles to start traveling to Reims.
Joan was captured and had a trial and was burned at the stake for the things she had

Historical Event - (Feudalism and Knighthood)

More than simply a social system, Feudalism was also a caste system, a
property system, and a military system. Ultimately, it was based on a religious
concept of hierarchy, with God as the supreme overlord. In this sense, even a
king held land as a vessel.
Feudalism was a pyramid system based on a religious concept of hierarchy.
Expected to serve as warriors, males above the serf class were trained as

Historical Event - (Women in Medieval Society)

Women in the middle ages had no political rights. A woman's social standing
depended completely on her husbands or fathers status.
Chivalry led to an idealized attitude toward women and gave rise to a new
form of literature, the romance.

The New City Classes

Gradually population centers shifted to the cities, where people lived and
worked outside of the feudal system

Traits of

The Great Happenings

Annotation Guide-What to
Annotate for while Reading

As a result of the crusades, Christian Europe was exposed to the Middle
East’s sophisticated civilization
Public outrage at the political assassination of Thomas a Becket created a
backlash against the English monarchy and weakened the king in his power
struggle with Rome
The Black death caused a labor shortage, leading to the serfs’ freedom and to
the end of feudalism

Frame Story: A story within a story, where an intro
or narrative is introduced. It can also be used to set
up a second plot/ narrative.

Characterization: The development of a character
within a story, I.E. motives, and reasons for acting a
certain way.

Kiera Hasted and Sarah Autrey


Traits of M.E.

Refrain: A phrase or verse repeated
throughout intervals of a poem or stanza.

Traits of M.E.

Imagery: Using figurative language to create
a visually descriptive scene.

Satire: A technique employed by writers to
expose and criticize foolishness and corrupt
of an individual or a society by using humor,
irony, exaggeration or ridicule. It intends to
improve humanity by criticizing its follies and

Traits of M.E.

Irony(Verbal): when a writer writes one thing
but means the complete opposite.
Ex: soft like concrete
Irony(Situational): the expectations of what's
gonna happen and what actually happens.

Ex: used to effect political or social change
or to prevent it, also used with irony, and

Ex: a traffic cop gets his license suspended
because of unpaid parking tickets

Couplet: having two successive rhyming
lines in a verse and has the same meter to
form a complete thought.


Ex: things treated like a language, like
Shakespearean, heroic, and short couplet



Author; Geoffrey Chaucer

Tales pg.

Major Literature of M.E.
Daniel McCarthy and Kenzie Prysby

Elements of

Translated by; Nevill Coghill
Chaucer uses methods for characterization like
contemporary counterparts.

Chaucer uses frame story
pilgrims who go on a journey to the Martyr Saint
Thomas à Becket at Canterbury Cathedral
it takes place in the spring which is the
archetypal time for new life or awakening

Chaucer is the father of english

chaucer used iambic pentameter in the Canterbury



Sir Gawain & Green Knight

About Sir Gawain

The green knight

The Green Knights author doesn't get any

-He is not the actual arthur he just translated they don't know
who the author is.

In the Gawain poem, when the Knight is beheaded, he tells Gawain to meet him at the
Green chapel saying that all nearby know where it is.

- Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

Indeed, the guide which is to bring Gawain there from Bertilak's castle grows very fearful
as they near it and begs Gawain to turn back.

- late 14th century Middle English chivalric romance.

The final meeting at the Green Chapel has led many scholars to draw religious
connections, with the Knight fulfilling a priestly role with Gawain as a penitent

- because no one knows who wrote the

-It is one of the best known Arthurian stories,

The Green Knight ultimately, in this interpretation, judges Gawain to be a worthy knight,
and lets him live, playing a priest, god, and judge all at once.

-It is of a type known as the "beheading game



Death of Arthur

About Sir Thomas Maloney

The Death of Arthur

author - Sir Thomas Maloney

-Was born in December on the 6th of 1469

-Birth education adventure and death/disappeared of king Arthur

THe first title of this was “Arthur and his noble knights

-In his years before he wrote this he was a cromester

-Author persuade his knights to sit at the round table and

of the round table.”

-He had a total of 100 crimes pu on him at once

dedicated themselves to the chivalric code of honor.

But then William Claxton it “Le Morte D'arthur.”

-He and his crew were put into the Maxstoke Castle

-But human fratties made the table corrupt, which

William Claxton made other changes as well

-He then escaped and went back to write Death of

Made it vulnerable to evil.


-in the future Arthur meets his evil son in

-He then died on march 14,1471

Characteristics of
Medieval Literature
BY: Trevor Bosma and
Jeffrey Kukhahn



Medieval Romance


Definition: A literary genre made up of fictional work of chivalry and adventure from the Middle Ages.

Definition: Literature in which the text gets a special sort of treatment to add specific feelings and magnify
those feelings.

Genres (Romance, Adventure, Mystery, etc) make literature a bit more complicated and more
detailed. Work of romance in medieval literature were popular between the 5th and 16th centuries.
Medieval romance literature received its final death blow in 1605 and 1615 when the two parts of Don
Quixote were published. Miguel de Cervantes had a lot of notable works the contrasts the chivalrous
deeds performed in previous romance works with the bounds of reality.

Poetry is a special type of literature that is used to show beauty or show extreme feeling in
something. There a bunch of different types of poetry. There's haikus, free verse, sonnets, cinquains, epic
poems, etc. All of them have different writing styles and each of them show strong feelings.


Definition: The faculty of imagining things, especially the imagining of something impossible or
Fantasy is usually about magic and mystic creatures. As well as warlock's wizards and witches.
Magic and dragons and such are what make up the fictional realm of fantasy. The Holy Grail is a good
example of fiction. The Holy Grail is more of a legend than a made up story but it is a chalice that Jesus
drank from during the last supper and what Arimathea used to collect his blood with during his

Sources of the


Definition: The origins/beginnings of a piece of literature or work of art.

Definition: Vocal collaboration/harmony of words to make rhythms and musical combinations to be sung.

Much of the source material comes from mythology, legends, and folklore. The characteristics of
medieval literature revolve around stories, works of poetry, what the people did and contributed to, and
the music of course. Some in Old French, some in Arthurian legends, some in the Matter of Britain, and
some in the Matter of France. But they all had sources of origin and all related back to the same thing:
medieval literature.

Medieval music was an integral part of everyday life for the people of that time period. Music of the
Middle Ages was especially popular in times of celebration/festivities which was also often played during
holidays, special parties, weddings, and birthdays. Music was obviously uplifting for pretty much
everything in the Medieval Times. Works of vocal literature/traditional rhythms was just another category
of characteristics of medieval literature.