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# Ling1101 HW2

Isabel Bosque
Name: _______________________
Section: ___________

Homework 2: Phonetics
(1)

For each set of three words, one of the words begins with a different sound than the other two.
Which one? Consider only the first sound – an example has been done for you. Write your answer
in the blank. [1 pnt each]
(e) scale, state, shall

shall
she

(i) sister, she, cease

(2)

(ii) jelly, gym, giving

giving

(iii) thick, then, thin

then

How many speech sounds does each of the following English words contain? Write how many and for
each sound, say whether it is a consonant (C) or a vowel (V) – an example has been done for you.
[2pts each]
(e) still

4

(i) seems

4 CVCC

(ii) theme

3 CVC

(3)

CCVC

5 VCCVC

Each of the following English words contains two instances of the letter s or the letter c. The letter s
can spell either the sound [s] or the sound [z]. The letter c can spell either the sound [s] or the
sound [k]. For each word, decide whether the two underlined letters represent the same sound, or
two different sounds, and write the sound(s). An example has been done for you. [2 pts each]
(e) season

different: [s] then [z]

(i) wisdoms

different: [z] then [s]

(ii) secrecy

different: [s] then [c]

(iii) cases

different: [k] then [s]

An example has been done for you. [2 pts each] (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) cat [cat] [kat] [kæt] [cæt] (i) see [see] [si] [cee] [sy] (ii) you [you] [ju] [jou] [yu] (iii) she [she] [ʃe] [shi] [ʃi] c Give the regular English orthography for the following words. [2 pts each] (e) [mʌtʃ] much (i) [nεIt] (ii) [bælkəni] (iii) [mænɚ] 2 . which are phonetically transcribed. Indicate which one is consistent with pronunciation of the word and with the set of IPA symbols. and decide which letter is not pronounced. [1 pnt each] (e) answer w (i) guard (ii) black (6) (7) For each word. Pronounce each word. An example has been done for you. An example has been done.(4) Is the last sound in each of the following words voiced or voiceless? [1 pnt each] (e) boat voiceless (i) judge (ii) choose (5) Each of the following English words contains a letter that does not directly correspond to a pronounced sound. a choice of transcriptions has been given.

[2pts each] (e) [m] [n] [ɰ] [ŋ] nasal. [2 pts each] (i) xerox (ii) direct (iii) photo (9) Provide the IPA symbol whose definition is given. all but one are in a single row or column on the IPA chart. An example has been done for you. [1 pnt each] (e) voiced alveolar plosive [d] (i) voiceless velar plosive (ii) long high back unrounded vowel (iii) voiced labiodental fricative (iv) alveolar nasal (v) alveolar lateral approximant (10) Compare the sounds in each set below. and write the sound that does not belong. In each set. An example has been done for you. [ɰ] (i) [p] [t] [k] [v] [d] [g] (ii) [b] [β] [ʃ] [m] [p] [ɸ] 3 .(8) Give the IPA transcription for the following words. Give the name of that row or column.

each) [ ] [ ] [ ] (12) The image below shows a waveform of a word. Answer the following questions: (i) Is there a vowel in this word? Explain why or why not: [1 sentence. (2 pts. Specify the consonant in the square brackets below the diagram. 2 pts] (ii) Is there a voiced fricative in this word? Explain why or why not? [1 sentence.(11) Each of the sagittal diagrams below illustrates the articulation of exactly one consonant of English. 2 pts] 4 .