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FEATURE

wearer comfort and testing the seal in situ to provide
confidence to the wearer especially where the use is
concerned with sleeping disorders.
Those for use by emergency services included features of comfort, testing and also provision of additional flow through the mask as cooling air supply.

Others
Of particular interest in the few patents that did
not fall within the categories covered was a patent
from a lubricant additive supplier for seal conditioning agents, 023317. This patent specifically
provides for the provision of lubricating oil additives that are intended to preserve the integrity of
elastomer seals in the system.

Conclusion
We have again seen the number of patents for
seals and sealing systems increasing during 2006.
The wide range of applications – even within an
individual category of seals – demonstrates the
very wide application areas for seals. This latest
annual review has covered applications as diverse
as gas turbines and bottle caps, but each presents particular challenges which are typically a
combination of both technical and commercial
obstacles.
High volume areas of the market continue to
progress the integration of seals into a ready to
assemble component. This is evident in applications from the bottle caps mentioned above to a

wide range of valve types and many automotive
components.
With the increasing number of patents it may
be necessary to limit the amount of detail on
individual inventions and reduce the number
of illustrations, but this will not be more than
necessary to maintaining reasonably up to date
information. Abstracting something useful from
patents can be quite difficult on occasions, even
when the content is potentially interesting. I
therefore welcome any feedback on the level of
coverage you would like to see in this section of
the newsletter.
Present indications are that it is a popular section, and so we will endeavour to maintain the
current format as closely as possible.

New material seals better
on HVOF coatings
A new sealing material has been shown to provide improved seal performance when
used in cylinders using tungsten carbide coated rods. A wide range of seal designs
have been tested in typical aerospace system fluids, hardware configurations and
system conditions. This article provides further information on the performance of
the seal material from Trelleborg Sealing Solutions discussed in the January issue of
Sealing Technology.

Introduction
Seals for aircraft primary flight controls and utility
actuation systems must operate in a wide temperature range and at high system pressures. Flight
controls are subject to short stroke movement and
high frequency with side loads. Conversely utility
actuation systems, such as landing gear support
actuators travel relatively long distances rapidly, so
these seals must be effective in long stroke, rapid
displacement situations.

For the optimized friction and high-pressure
performance required by demanding applications,
Trelleborg Sealing Solutions has developed Turcon
M30 polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) based material. As the aerospace industry is perhaps the most
safety critical of all, to prove the compounds
capabilities, a number of long-term research programmes were undertaken. These were carried out
on several proprietary seal geometries manufactured by the company, which are commonly used
in flight control and actuation systems.

Figure 1. Comparison of seal wear on chrome and tungsten carbide
coated surfaces for a variety of seal materials.

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The tests involved intensive cycling at
high pressure, high temperature, and different stroke parameters while sealing aggressive engine fluids and hydraulic lubricants.
Analysis concentrated on the affect of abrasion on the dynamic mating hardware, wear
characteristics and leakage control, all key to
overall service life.
Different dynamic rod coatings were an area
of focus. This was important because of the
aerospace industry’s move from chrome-plated
surfaces. For health and environmental reasons
these are being replaced with tungsten carbide based coatings, often applied by the high
velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) system. These are
harder and less malleable, without the inherent lubrication of chrome, they can in some
cases lower seal life significantly.

Figure 2. Leakage comparison for a range of seal materials on chrome
and tungsten carbide coated rods.

Sealing Technology April 2007

busakshamban. Contact: Trelleborg Sealing Solutions. designed for engines with very close cylinder bore spacing that has a wavy profile bead and stopper between the bores. Pegasus House. This creates a problem for the gasket manufacturer as there is insufficient room to include the bead and stopper for the individual cylinder bores. Leakage control was excellent in all cases and again performance was better against the HVOF surfaces than the chrome (Figure 2). • • • Turcon M30 demonstrated superior wear resistance in lubricated and non-lubricated conditions within different pressure to velocity ratios. The tandem VL Seal arrangement proved to have the best leakage control with zero leakage. UK. AS4716 or Mil-G-5514 for an AS568 A size 214 O-Ring. Turcon M30 has enhanced friction versus wear characteristics compared to standard PTFE based materials. aerospace mineral hydraulic oil. Cylinder head gasket Patents Seal structure of container opening Applicant: Sunlot Bottle Stopper Co Ltd. which profiling forms a stopper. it being even less against the tungsten carbide than the chrome (Figure 1). Höhe Publication date: 14 December 2006 Example of the cylinder head gasket described in WO 2006/131309. A number of options for the bead and stopper are described. • Contact media: Summary of conclusions of testing • • Red oil MIL-PRF-87257.FEATURE Test details Stroke rate: Seal products tested: Pressure: • All seals were manufactured from Turcon M30 except the Backup Ring: • • • • • Glyd Ring with HiMod 550 Backup Ring. It works on the principle of axial compression of an elastomer sleeve to create radial expansion.55 × 10–10 under high pressure and velocity in a lubricated environment. Solihull. Rod coatings: • • Chrome plated BMS 10-67 Type XVII Class 4. bottle top. 345 bar (5000 psi) constant. Turcon M30 surpassed a target leakage rate of one drop per 1000 cycles recording only one drop in 30 000. the bead and the stopper may be arranged in the same layer or they may be arranged in directly adjoining layers with the bead in one layer and the stopper in the adjoining layer.05 inches) to 75 mm (3 inches). Wedgpak. Patent number: WO 2006/131309 Inventor: K. • Temperature: • 80°C (180°F) to 105°C (225°F). Huang Publication date: 14 December 2006 Applicant: Reinz-DichtungsGmbH. In the proposed design the beads surrounding the adjacent cylinder bores are so brought together in the web area and one undulating or meander-like profiling is formed in the web area between the bead limbs belonging to the two cylinder bores. Wear rate for the material is extremely low at 0. 1 Cranbrook Way. both lubricated and non-lubricated.-T. The top is then crimped or otherwise retained in position to maintain the radial expansion. Up to 5 000 000. Sealing Technology April 2007 11 . To do so. Skydrol 500B-4. Patent number: WO 2006/131046 Inventor: Y. Taiwan This bottle stopper can be used for sealing of bottles in mass production. West Midlands B90 4GT. Tel: +44 121 744 1221. Phosphate Ester.com Turcon is a registered trademark of Trelleborg Sealing Solutions.25 mm (0. axial compression of the top causes radial expansion of the elastomer. from WO 2006/131046. HVOF (86% Wc-10% Co-4% CR) – BAC 5851. Web: www. • Stroke: • 1. VL Seal primary with secondary Plus Seal II.com. A bottle stopper that works by axial expansion of the elastomer to create the sealing force. Email: bsuk@busakshamban. VL Seal primary with secondary VL Seal. When the stopper is seated on a • Radial height change was minimal against both chrome plated and HVOF surfaces. 200 bar (3000 psi) constant. Seal housing specification: Cycles: Housings to SAE. • • • • 1 Hz to 10 Hz. 0 to 200 bar cyclic (0 to 3000 psi). Germany This patent describes a design of cylinder head gasket that is intended to overcome problems associated with recent trends to manufacture engines with very close cylinder bore spacing. Plus Seal II. Solihull Business Park.