15 views

Uploaded by Peerasak Arun

Torque Power Constant Control

- 07a40105-Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machinery
- Workshop 1
- 2017 a Carrier-Based Phase-Shift SVM Strategy for a Nine-Switch Inverter
- read
- SCH2936_SinglePhaseInverter_v3-1
- Active Series Compensator
- Lect 5 - Pump Performance
- INOVANCE- MD300
- Guide to the Selection of Rotodynamic Pumps Final
- 58 ijecs
- Ijret - Comparison of Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Cascaded Current Source Multilevel Inverter
- UPS repairing.pdf
- AR.AFD.04
- November 2013
- Retrofitting Woodworking Machine Brakes
- MP1
- Extension Cord Safety Module 2
- 12 pulse converter
- 78
- Hipulse80-400 3 Phase Catalogue 80Kva 400Kva

You are on page 1of 16

KK-12152

for High Specific Speed Pumps

K. Kawaguchi, Dr.Eng.

Ex.CEO, Ebara Hatakeyama Memorial Fund

Ebara Corporation

speed pumps effectively against changes in operating head, variable speed

inverter drive is incorporated. Speed control shall be such that the motor be

operated at a prescribed current value, resulting in enhanced pumping

capabilities particularly during reduced head operation.

In standard inverters available in the market, voltage to frequency ratio

(V/f) supplied to motor is kept constant in frequency range lower than the

primary power frequency, whereas in higher frequency range the secondary

voltage is limited to the primary voltage.

In the range of constant V/f ratio, the motor output torque is kept constant

when the motor current is maintained at a prescribed value, since:

T = K(V/f)I where T: motor output torque, K: constant

V/f: voltage to frequency ratio, I: motor current

In the range of higher frequency than the incoming, the motor output

power is substantially kept constant when the motor current is maintained at a

constant value, since: Lm = 3 "V " I " Em " cos#

where Lm: motor output, V: voltage, I: motor current

Em: motor efficiency, cos!: power factor

2

Tm

Lm

V o , fo

fo

V, f

Output voltage V

Vo

V/f pattern

fo

Output frequency f

3

incorporating a simple feedback control scheme.

Source: Kawaguchi, K., et al, US Patent No.5,563,490 (1996)

Pump system with liquid cooling operation

4

Q/Q = N/N, H/H = T/T = (N/N)2, Lp/Lp = (N/N)3

where Q, Q: capacity at speed N and N, respectively

H, H: total head at speed N and N, respectively

T, T : torque at speed N and N, respectively

Lp, Lp: shaft power at speed N and N, respectively

Pump performance exhibited by motor current constant control thru

variable speed drive is shown in Fig. 3 for a high specific speed pump.

When the operating head is higher than the rated, the speed is lowered to

maintain the rated torque, whereas for lowered operating head the speed is

increased maintaining the rated power.

Performance given by the motor current constant control is particularly

advantageous in providing larger capacity at lowered heads often encountered

in drainage services. At higher head operation, overloading of the motor is

avoided. Start and stop of axial flow pumps with discharge valve closed can be

made possible, which is useful at the time of flap valve failures.

5

"!!

34(5.3.012

7)445.8.012

&%!

#!!

9$!

:;<=>4.:.012

?;@4<.A.012

&$!

9"!

34(5.8*;BC,

"%!

:;<=>4.*;BC,(B,

&"!

?;@4<.*;BC,(B,

"#!

34(5.:*;BC,

7)445.A*;BC,

&!!

"!!

7)445.:*;BC,

%!

34(5.A*;BC,

?;@4<.8*;BC,

$!

:;<=>4.*;BC,

#!

?;@4<.*;BC,

:;<=>4.A*;BC,

?;@4<.:*;BC,

"!

&$!

&"!

%!

#!

!

!

"!

#!

$!

%!

&!!

'()(*+,-./ .012

&"!

&#!

!

&$!

34(5..3 .0126.7)445..8.012

&#!

"#!

&"!

""!

"!!

&!!

34(5.3.6.789:;4.76.<8=49.>.012

&%!

&$!

%!

&#!

&"!

$!

&!!

%!

#!

3.?*8@A,

>.?*8@A,

$!

3.B*8@A,

>.B*8@A,

#!

"!

7.B*8@A,

"!

CDD.?*8@A,

CDD.B*8@A,

!

!

"!

#!

$!

%!

!

&!!

&"!

&#!

&$!

'()(*+,-./.012

7

34(5.3.012

"#!

""!

"!!

"!!

&$!

&%!

&"!

&$!

%!

&#!

#!

&"!

&!!

6#!

7<=3>.012

"#!

%!

3.7*89:,

6%!

$!

3.;*89:,

6&"!

7<=3>.7*89:,

#!

6&$!

7<=3>.;*89:,

"!

6"!!

6"#!

!

"!

#!

$!

%!

&!!

&"!

&#!

&$!

'()(*+,-./. 012

8

applying the the motor rated current as the set value for the control

In Fig. 4, H-A87% shows the motor current set at 87% of the rated often

applied for normal constant speed operation, whereas H-A100% shows the

current set at the motor rated current, which can be applied to utilize the motor

capability fully while avoiding overloading.

The system head curves, Hr max and Hr min, are entered to check for the

operating range often encountered in drainage services. The area to the right of

H-N const shows the enhanced capacity to provide shortened drainage time.

(The insert on the left shows the corresponding V-f, T-f and Lp-f patterns for

the operating range. Pump speed may be limited to 120% of the rated.)

Since the motor efficiency maintains its maximum at or near the rated,

energy saving can be effected by operating the motor at or near the rated

current. In so doing, the capability of existing pumping units can be upgraded

without replacing them with larger units.

Furthermore, downsizing of the pumping unit can be realized to attain the

same capability as constant speed operation, contributing conservation of

resources.

9

&#!

""!

&"!

86<&!!1

34(5.3 .012

"!!

7)445.8. 012

"#!

&!!

86<%=1

&%!

%!

&$!

$!

&#!

#!

3>.?(@

&"!

"!

36<%=1

.36<&!!1

&!!

%!

6"!

$!

6#!

368. *9:;,

#!

6$!

8 &"!1

"!

6%!

3>.?+:

6&!!

!

"!

#!

$!

%!

&!!

&"!

&#!

&$!

'()(*+,-./ .012

10

q

q

"H s Qd ! q ( H d ! H s )

=

"t

A( H s )

11

!!!!!!!!!!

Example

of"#$%&'"!()!*+$,-$."!/,%0'$1,(Drainage Simulation

*"/,.-!2(-*,1,("33456784!&9:;456!$94<!=!$ >?@ABBB!C@

+DEF(33!6:!&DCG7EH!/6<67:E!=!I J !!CKLC7E

*7M5N<9H4!O<649!'484P!=!Q J !!C

/D567:E!O<649!'484P!=!Q M !!C

&DCG!+<64J!2<G<576R!=!I GE !>!SBB!!CKLC7E

&DCG!+<64J!Q4<J!=!Q E !>!T!!C!U+<64J!$56D<P!Q4<J!Q

2$'20'$1,(-!)(+%0'$

!!!!!!!YQ

LY6 !>!ZBUI

!F!I

<E

!>!VWT!!CX

XL$

!!!!! 2Q$-."!,-!/021,(-!O$1"+!'"["'!U2:EM6<E6!/G44J!(G49<67:EX

17C4!6!UNX

B

Z

S@

S\

@V

KB

KZ

V@

V\

TV

ZB

ZZ

?@

!UCX

I

@WTB

KWBB

KW?T

VWTB

TWTB

ZW?T

?WTB

?WBB

TW?T

VW?T

KW?T

KWBB

@WTB

!UCKLC7EX I

TB

SBB

SVB

SZT

S?B

STT

S@T

SBB

\T

?B

ZB

TT

TB

!UCKLC7EX

SKS

S@Z

S@B

SSZ

SSB

SBK

]\

SBV

SSK

SS]

S@V

S@?

S@\

FI

F\S

F@Z

@B

V]

ZB

T@

@?

FV

F@\

FV]

FZV

F?@

F?\

YQ

!UCX

FBWVS

FBWSK

BWSB

BW@T

BWKB

BW@Z

BWSV

FBWB@

FBWSV

FBW@T

FBWK@

FBWKZ

FBWK]

!UCX

@WTB

@WSB

SW]?

@WB?

@WKS

@WZS

@W\?

KWBS

@W]]

@W\T

@WZB

@W@\

SW]@

<

!UCX

BWBB

BW]S

SW?]

@WVV

KWS]

VWSV

VWZK

VWBB

@W??

SW]S

SWST

BW?@

12

BWT\

13

9:/1-3

")!

;/<=>?0

+/)(A<=>?0

450.6/7.8.7/ 1-3

"'!

@/)(A<=>?0

"%!

@/"!!A/<=>?0

BC0/DE-D

'

"#!

F:/1-$C-,>3

&

"!!

)!

'!

%!

"

#!

!

!

'

"#

")

#%

$!

$'

%#

%)

&%

'!

''

(#

+,-./ 0 /123

Source: Kawaguchi, K., Proceedings of 5th AICF (1997) , Seoul

Constant torque control on high specific speed pumps14

GE>H=II/ F: /1-$C-,>3

suction water level are calculated for respective cases, as shown in Fig. 6, i. e.,

N const: constant speed operation

A 87%const: motor current set at 87% of the rated

T 87%const: torque set at 87% of the rated as for engine drive

A 100% const: motor current set at 100% of the rated

w/t: without pumping

Compared with constant speed operation requiring 72 h to reach the suction

water level of 2 m, drainage time required to reach the same is reduced to 60 h

with motor current set at 87%; further shortening of the time down to 54 h can

be realized by motor current set at 100%.

15

References:

1. Kawaguchi, K., Proceedings of 5th AICF (1997) , Seoul

Constant torque control on high specific speed pumps

2. Kawaguchi, K., et al, US Patent No.5,563,490 (1996)

Pump system with liquid cooling operation

3. Kawaguchi, K., et al, Proceedings of 19th IAHR Symposium on

Hydraulic Machinery and Cavitation, (1998)

Variable Speed Full Power Control for Turbo Pumps

16

- 07a40105-Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic MachineryUploaded bySRINIVASA RAO GANTA
- Workshop 1Uploaded byVijay Rajaindran
- 2017 a Carrier-Based Phase-Shift SVM Strategy for a Nine-Switch InverterUploaded byTran Quoc Hoan
- readUploaded byabhijeet7362
- SCH2936_SinglePhaseInverter_v3-1Uploaded byKybernetikum
- Active Series CompensatorUploaded byFadzli Tohid
- Lect 5 - Pump PerformanceUploaded byAmmarYasir
- INOVANCE- MD300Uploaded byamadeo_am
- Guide to the Selection of Rotodynamic Pumps FinalUploaded byAmeer Basha
- 58 ijecsUploaded bydevchandar
- Ijret - Comparison of Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Cascaded Current Source Multilevel InverterUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- UPS repairing.pdfUploaded by11111
- AR.AFD.04Uploaded byRajashekar Lokam
- November 2013Uploaded byKhristiam Alberto Alvarez Petit
- Retrofitting Woodworking Machine BrakesUploaded byAnonymous fGUP5h2A
- MP1Uploaded byJananaichandramohan
- Extension Cord Safety Module 2Uploaded byAnonymous nP3tYnql
- 12 pulse converterUploaded bysumitchintu
- 78Uploaded byvinay kumar
- Hipulse80-400 3 Phase Catalogue 80Kva 400KvaUploaded byYasir Qamar
- Heng Thesis Turbine DesignUploaded bybkvuvce8170
- JTEHM TemplateUploaded byVinsen Teubun Letsoin
- High Speed Trains OverviewUploaded bygosalhs9395
- 05sep2009Uploaded byJeya Ram
- L. Zhang (2005). Analysis and Implementation of Sliding Mode ControlUploaded byRicardo
- toshiba TCC Link Fault Codes.pdfUploaded bytonylyf
- Bureau of Reclamation-Large Pumping Unts-EM40Uploaded bylaherrans
- mv drives magazineUploaded byrash335
- Akron ThesisUploaded bythirumalai22
- SolarUploaded bynaveen

- ASTM A192.pdfUploaded bygamin
- CCJ6 Attemperators FinalUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- FAN Eng FundasUploaded byssarang
- University of Science and Technology BeijingUploaded byAg Vignesh-aero
- ANTEC - Refractory AnchorsUploaded bytylerstearns
- Anti- SeizeUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- MATERIAL DESIGN CHAPTER2-CHAPTER7.pdfUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- KOYO BearingUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- 1211 TB Tech DataUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- KKS_Siemens_OriginalUploaded byNelson Sequeira
- Design of Welded StructuresUploaded byconstantinoiu cora
- Pipe ScheduleUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- Duck and Cover! 1034Uploaded byPeerasak Arun
- SOLUTION DESIGN OF WELDMENT.pdfUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- Etécnica Delugevalve AUploaded byvaldemarborges6929
- Why is Pump Piping So Diffult to DesignUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- SOLUTION DESIGN OF WELDMENT.pdfUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- Torque Power Constant ControlUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- CAYR0DUB Life assessment of turbine components based on deterministic and probabilistic procedur.pdfUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- CAEBKJLA Assessment of Operational Risk of Steam Turbine ValvesUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- TAFEwelded_joints-1.pdfUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- CAM7KP27 Long exposure steam oxidation testing and mechanical properties of slurry aluminide coa.pdfUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- CAM7KP27 Long exposure steam oxidation testing and mechanical properties of slurry aluminide coa.pdfUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- Filler MetalsUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- Strength Evaluation of a Steam Distribution DeviceUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- Essentials of Pump Applications AppUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- JK II ManualUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- CAAK6NUB Life cycle energy, emissions and cost inventory of power generation technologies in Sin.pdfUploaded byPeerasak Arun
- Pit to Crack Transition in Stress Corrosion Cracking of a Steam Turbine Disc SteelUploaded byPeerasak Arun

- electromagnetic inductionUploaded byapi-301955646
- Online Oxygen AnalyserUploaded byAlok Joaddar
- AIChE Surge Control PaperUploaded byscongiundi
- CE6101 Behaviour of Cam ClayUploaded byGan Chin Phang
- Grundfosliterature-145810Uploaded bysonu_9960
- Laying_tender.pdfUploaded byankeshkatoch
- DIN EN 1563Uploaded byTayfun Tezanlar
- Lecture7b Bending 2Uploaded bySiddharthan Ramiah
- Taski Taski Vacumat 44tUploaded byVinayak Manohar
- t4rUploaded byLuis Emilio Santana Diaz
- Topic 5 - Stress & Strain (1)Uploaded byMahesan Sinthujan
- SDLG LG958L Wheel loaderUploaded byMartin Lee
- Teikoku brocrureUploaded byAng Welli
- Assesment+Thermo_1.2Uploaded byyeni hardika
- 13. Specialty Casing ConnectorsUploaded byzapspaz
- Pressure VesselUploaded byIka Sandria
- Diagramas de MollierUploaded byJavier_Ild
- UH60 AFCS.pdfUploaded byNikolai Pautov
- Project ExperienceUploaded byHafidGaneshaSecretrdreamholic
- Design Aids EuroCodeUploaded byprakashcg123
- td2.8-suppUploaded byAna Raos Stupalo
- load test on dc shunt motorUploaded byMuthmain Yusof
- CAT-011_TaeguThreadUploaded bynelu34brasov
- ansys-asas-12.1Uploaded byFaizan Habib
- Cat FlexitallicUploaded byAzum Toro
- ME1032_Dynamics-Lectures 4,5_vely Accln DiagramsUploaded byDilhara Pinnaduwage
- Operating Manual - PressUploaded bymarkus_stark3137
- Difference Flame Proof vs Explosion PrrofUploaded byanand.bala
- Clayton Steam Truck-ocr.pdfUploaded bybackyardcnc
- Concise Guide to Skippy TuningUploaded byKludge420