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BACS 18646

River pollution is simply a process whereby river bodies are been contaminated
through human acts. Been it will fully or unwillfully. The three most important
elements essential for the sustenance of life are water, air and food. Air is
available in all natural spaces for free, but water is the means by which food is
been cooked. Again water is the medium by which food is carried to all parts of
plant, animal and human organism. These quality of water determines how well
those qualities will be carried out. Water therefore is very essential.
Water can be polluted by natural means, like earthquake. However in
Ghana, rivers are mostly polluted by willful or unwillful human activities. Some
of the activities include; fanning along rivers, discharge of waste, discharge of
harmful chemicals through fishing, illegal mining and urinating and defecating
into rivers.
River pollution however can be fought through the use of scientific
knowledge. Scientific bodies or institution can also be set to monitor compliance
and punishment is expected to be meted out through laid down procedures to
offenders. Society can also help by reporting breaches to relevant authorities for
action. The environment protection agency (EPA) and the water Resources
collision (WRC) are directly responsible for ensuring that the quality of our water
bodies or resources is maintained it improved and not polluted. The Ghana
Standards authority (GSA) is also responsible for setting standards for tea
material quality.Punitive measures should also be taken against there illegal
miners whose activities pollute water bodies. Citizens at the various villages can
also be educated on the risk of harming water bodies or rivers in their various
residence since some are just completely ignorant about it. Rivers and streams
nearby that serve as a source of drinking water and that are used for other
domestic use for communities downstream suffer massively from pollution. For
instance, the Brim and Densu rivers in the Eastern region of Ghana which serve
as a source of drinking water for several communities have been gravely
affected by small-scale mining activities.
The principal methods used in water treatment are: Aeration (a process of
exchange between gases in the atmosphere and dissolved gases in the raw
water), Coagulation/Flocculation (addition of coagulant to effectively entangle or
absorb the suspended colloidal particles to become heavy enough to settle),
Sedimentation (the settling at the bottom of particles
of larger and heavier suspended matter in the water), Filtration
(a process of solid-liquid separation where the solids within the liquid passing
through porous media, is retained whilst the liquid passes through),
Disinfection (the destruction of all disease causing organisms), Corrosion
Protection (adjustment
of pH) and Desalination (the treatment of seawater or brackish water). One
would think that these methods will always yield the desired quality of water for

all the intended purposes.Unfortunately, this is not the case and is therefore a
source of worry to the informed.