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UNIT 12
THOMAS EDISON
Objectives
After learning this unit, you are expected to be able to:
1. identify significant details;
2. identify noun clauses.

Pre-reading Activities
In small groups, discuss the following questions.
1. What does electricity mean to you?
2. What does electric light mean to you?
3. When did people begin to use electricity?
4. Who invented the electric light?
5. Why is electric light important?
6. What do you think would happen if electric light was never invented?

Reading Activities
Identifying Significant Details
In reading, it is important to identify the significant details that support the point a
writer is making. A basic strategy for doing this is to ask yourself two questions:
 How does this detail relate to the main idea?
 Does this detail support the main point, or is it icing on the cake?
Ask these questions as you read a paragraph in sorting significant from less
significant
details. You can refer to unit 7 on how to identify significant details.

Reading Selection
Read the following passage.
Thomas Edison
Thomas Alva Edison lit up the world with his invention of the electric light. Without
him, the world might still be a dark place. However, the electric light was not his
only
2
invention. He also invented the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and over
1,200
other things. About every two weeks he created something new.
Thomas A. Edison was born in Milan, Ohio, on February 11, 1847. His family moved
to Port Huron, Michigan, when he was seven years old. Surprisingly, he attended
school for
only two months. His mother, a former teacher, taught him a few things, but
Thomas was
mostly self-educated. His natural curiosity led him to start experimenting at a young
age
with electrical and mechanical things at home.
When he was 12 years old, he got his first job. He became a newsboy on a train that
ran between Port Huron and Detroit. He set up a laboratory in a baggage car of the
train so
that he could continue his experiments in his spare time. Unfortunately, his first
work

the light bulb D. he got a patent. The main idea of this passage is A. What details from the paragraph support the main idea of paragraph 1? 2. 1931. A stock-ticker is a machine that automatically prints stock prices on a tape. Thomas Edison did things in this order: A. and then got his first patent B. & Walworth. a stock-ticker. A. he sold another invention. Washington. He called himself a "two-shift man" because he worked 16 out of every 24 hours. In 1870. M. What details from the paragraph support the main idea of paragraph 3? 3. Adapted from: Goodstein. the vote recorder was not a success. Thomas then worked for five years as a telegraph operator. Of all the inventions. he became a newsboy. for $40. got his first patent. New Jersey. a blessing C. Thomas Edison died at the age of 84 on October 18. and then became a telegraph operator C. the motion picture camera 6. but thought of his deafness as a blessing in many ways. a necessity 5. and then got a patent 3 4. became a telegraph operator. and he invented . and then became a newsboy D. so that he could have more time for work. DC: Gallaudet University. New Jersey. Sometimes he worked so intensely that his wife had to remind him to sleep and eat. he became a telegraph operator. 1. He got his first patent in 1868 for a vote recorder run by electricity. However. (1979). a disadvantage B. A. at his estate in West Orange. Revised by Vivion Smith and Ellen Beck Questions Answer the following questions. He was then able to build his first shop in Newark. he became a newsboy. Thomas was fired when he accidentally set fire to the floor of the baggage car. Interesting Deaf Americans. a newsboy. something from a priest D. Thomas Edison was always interested in science and inventions.experience did not end well. Edison considered his deafness: A. Thomas Edison was totally deaf in one ear and hard of hearing in the other. It kept conversations short. the stock ticker C. the vote recorder B. He left numerous inventions that improved the quality of life all over the world. but he continued to spend much of his time on the job conducting experiments. __________ was probably the most important for civilization.000. a telegraph operator.

Thomas then worked for five years as a telegraph operator. With 30 years of ____________ in his field. Vocabulary Below are six sentences taken from the reading selection. B. His natural curiosity led him to start experimenting at a young age with electrical and mechanical things at home. you can call him a legend. 3. He left numerous inventions that improved the quality of life all over the world. the motion picture camera. 4 Grammar Focus Noun Clauses A noun clause is an entire clause which takes the place of a noun in another clause. Deaf people make good inventors because they can focus without the distraction of spoken conversation. 4. His health ___________ so quickly that he was allowed to leave the hospital. 5. We are using the new software that he __________. A noun clause can be a subject complement: Billy’s mistake was that he refused to take lessons.many important things. He was found guilty of _____________ two murders. Pay attention to the words in italic and their usage! 1. 1. A noun clause can be a subject of a verb: What Billy did shocked his friends. A noun clause (but not a noun) can be an adjective complement: Everybody is sad that Billy drowned. but he continued to spend much of his time on the job conducting experiments.200 other things. and over 1. 2. 2. He also invented the phonograph. 6. In a sentence it is marked by a special introductory word or a noun clause marker. his first work experience did not end well. 3. Sometimes he worked so intensely that his wife had to remind him to sleep and eat. Complete these sentences using the italicized words. Thomas Edison worked day and night on his experiments. Thomas Edison could not keep a job. Her strange behavior makes my _____________ grows. D. The girl seems to ________ me of my ex-girlfriend. Noun clauses are classified by their noun clause . A noun clause can be an object of a verb: Billy’s friends didn’t know that he couldn’t swim. C. Unfortunately. 6. 4. A noun clause has its own subject and predicate. A noun clause can be an object of a preposition: Mary is not responsible for what Billy did. Noun clauses perform the same functions in sentences that nouns do. 5.

does she has cats C. I had an accident and took my car to the garage. A. To change a yes/no question to a noun clause. The choice of the noun clause marker (see below) depends on the type of clause you are changing to a noun clause: To change a statement to a noun clause use that: I know + Billy made a mistake = I know that Billy made a mistake. not correct: * Do you know what time is it? (Question word order: is it) correct: Do you know what time it is? (Statement word order: it is) Noun Clause Exercise Choose one of the answers to complete these complex sentences.markers.My husband asked me where ________. whichever. how far the moon is B. A. why) or the wh-ever word (however. was my car E. is my car B. use if or whether: George wonders + Does Fred know how to cook? = George wonders if Fred knows how to cook. cats has she 3. cats does she have B. The old lady next door must have a lot of cats. cats she has E. whom. use the wh-word (how. Statement word order is always used in a noun clause. Your brother is playing his music too loud. my car is D. if how far the moon is E. where. how the moon is far D. what. how far is the moon C. wherever. is saying your brother . I can't hear what ____________ . whether how is the moon far 4. my car was C. whoever. 1. A. Do you know ____________ from the earth? I have no idea. is your car? 2. whatever. which. whose. who. even if the main clause is a question. 5 To change a wh-question to a noun clause. whomever): I don’t know +Where is George? = I don’t know where George is. she has cats D. A. Two independent clauses can be combined by changing one of the clauses to a noun clause. whenever. when. I don't know how many _______________.

He demanded that it ____________ready by 5:00. that I C. should be 8. don't D. Jill didn't want to go to the car show. Is B. what he'd seen D. you put D. person. Did he tell you where __________ the report when you finish? A. your brother says 6 5. should you put B. what he saw C. A. that I would B. will be C. she came C. my uncle gave me some advice. whether he saw E. she had come D. My friend saw an accident. that your brother is saying C. As you read. she comes E. she come B. your brother is saying E. When I left home. what I E. you to put C. me to 10. to put E. Her husband insisted that ___________ with him. be D. My boss wants this report immediately. if he'd seen B. is saying your brother D. in your mind keep asking questions that help you get at the main idea and the . A.B. A. My friend predicted _____________ receive a lot of praise for my work. was E. He said __________ give up. will you put 9. or place that interests you. that shouldn't C. what would I D. He told me ____________ at the scene of the accident. that he'd seen 7 Writing Practice Locate and read an article that describes an event. A. I shouldn't B. A. no 6. that I don't E. she has come 7.

Objectives Achieved More practice needed To identify significant details To identify noun clauses For more practice. (The noun clause as the complement) Reflection In this unit. http://english-zone. or the complement. (The noun clause as the subject) b. Detail Detail Main idea Detail Detail Summary 1. Billy’s mistake was that he refused to take lessons.details you need to support it. you have learned how to identify significant details and identify noun clauses.html . What Billy did shocked his friends. 2. To identify significant details you have to relate the details to the main idea and find out if the details support the main idea strongly. It can syntactically function as the subject. Be ready to share the main idea and details orally. a. Put a check on the column based on your self-assessment. the object. Noun clauses are clauses functioning as a noun. Billy’s friends didn’t know that he couldn’t swim. (The noun clause as the object) c.com/grammar/noun-clz1. you can go to the following site on noun clauses. Web the main idea and some supporting details in your book.