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GATE SOLVED PAPER


Mechanical Engineering
Engineering Mathematics
Copyright By NODIA & COMPANY

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neither Nodia nor its authors guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information herein, and Nodia nor its
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GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME


ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

YEAR 2013
Q. 1

Q. 2

Q. 3

ONE MARK

Match the correct pairs:


Numerical Integration Scheme

Order of Fitting Polynomial

P. Simpsons 3/8 Rule

1. First

Q. Trapezoidal Rule

2. Second

R. Simpsons 1/3 Rule

3. Third

n
i
.
o
c

(A) P-2, Q-1, R-3

(B) P-3, Q-2, R-1

(C) P-1, Q-2, R-3

(D) P-3, Q-1, R-2

The eigenvalues of a symmetric matrix are all


(A) Complex with non-zero positive imaginary part.
(B) Complex with non-zero negative imaginary part.
(C) real
(D) pure imaginary

.
a

i
d
o

2
The partial differential equation 2u + u2u = 2 u2 is a
2t
2x 2x
(A) linear equation of order 2

.n
w

(B) non-linear equation of order 1

(C) linear equation of order 1

(D) non-linear equation of order 2


Q. 4

Choose the Correct set of functions, which are linearly dependent.


(A) sin x, sin2 x and cos2 x
(B) cos x, sin x and tan x
(C) cos 2x , sin2 x and cos2 x
(D) cos 2x, sin x and cos x
YEAR 2013

Q. 5

TWO MARKS

The following surface integral is to be evaluated over a sphere for the given
steady velocity vector field F = xi + yj + zk defined with respect to a Cartesian
coordinate system having i, j and k as unit base vectors.
##S 14 ^F :n hdA
where S is the sphere, x2 + y2 + z2 = 1 and n is the outward unit normal vector
to the sphere. The value of the surface integral is
(A) p
(B) 2p
(C) 3p/4
(D) 4p

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Q. 6

Q. 7

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

The function f ^ t h satisfies the differential equation ddtf + f = 0 and the auxillary
conditions, f ^0 h = 0, dfdt ^0 h = 4 . The Laplace Transform of f ^ t h is given by
(A) 2
(B) 4
s+1
s+1
(C) 2 4
(D) 4 2
s +1
s +1
2

The value of the definite integral


(A) 4 e3 + 2
9
9
(C) 2 e3 + 4
9
9

Q. 8

(B) 2 e3 - 4
9
9
(D) 4 e3 - 2
9
9
2

The solution of the differential equation ddxu - k du


dx = 0 where k is a constant,
subjected to the boundary conditions u ^0 h = 0 and u ^L h = U , is
kx
(B) u = U c 1 - ekL m
(A) u = U x
L
1-e
2

-kx

(C) u = U d 1 - e-kL n
1-e
Q. 9

x ln ^x h dx is

n
i
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o
c

kx

(D) u = U d 1 + ekL n
1+e

.
a
i

The probability that a student knows the correct answer to a multiple choice
question is 23 . If the student does not know the answer, then the student guesses
the answer. The probability of the guessed answer being correct is 14 . Given that
the student has answered the question correctly, the conditional probability that
the student knows the correct answer is
(A) 2
(B) 3
3
4
(C) 5
(D) 8
6
9

d
o

.n
w

YEAR 2012

ONE MARK

Q. 10

The area enclosed between the straight line y = x and the parabola y = x2 in the
x -y plane is
(A) 1/6
(B) 1/4
(C) 1/3
(D) 1/2

Q. 11

Consider the function f (x) = x in the interval - 1 # x # 1. At the point x = 0


, f (x) is
(A) continuous and differentiable
(B) non-continuous and differentiable
(C) continuous and non-differentiable
(D) neither continuous nor differentiable

Q. 12

Q. 13

x is
lim b 1 - cos
l
x"0
x2
(A) 1/4
(C) 1

(B) 1/2
(D) 2

At x = 0, the function f (x) = x3 + 1 has


(A) a maximum value
(B) a minimum value
(C) a singularity
(D) a point of inflection

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Q. 14

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

For the spherical surface x2 + y2 + z2 = 1, the unit outward normal vector at the
point c 1 , 1 , 0 m is given by
2 2
(A) 1 i + 1 j
(B) 1 i - 1 j
2
2
2
2
1
1
(C) k
(D)
i+
j+ 1 k
3
3
3
YEAR 2012

Q. 15

TWO MARKS

1
is given by
s (s + 1)
(B) f (t) = e-t sin t
(D) f (t) = 1 - e-t

The inverse Laplace transform of the function F (s) =


(A) f (t) = sin t
(C) f (t) = e-t

Q. 16

Q. 17

Q. 18

5 3
For the matrix A = >
, ONE of the normalized eigen vectors given as
1 3H
J 1 N
J 1N
K
O
K 2O
2O
O
(A) K
(B) K
K -1 O
KK 3 OO
K
O
2
L
P
L 2P
J 3 N
J 1 N
K
O
K
O
10 O
5O
(C) K
(D) K
K -1 O
K 2 O
K
K
O
O
10
L
P
L 5P

in
.
o
c

.
a
i

d
o
n

A box contains 4 red balls and 6 black balls. Three balls are selected randomly
from the box one after another, without replacement. The probability that the
selected set contains one red ball and two black balls is
(A) 1/20
(B) 1/12
(C) 3/10
(D) 1/2

.
w

Consider the differential equation x2 (d 2 y/dx 2) + x (dy/dx) - 4y = 0 with the


boundary conditions of y (0) = 0 and y (1) = 1. The complete solution of the
differential equation is
(A) x2
(B) sin a px k
2
(C) ex sin a px k
(D) e-x sin a px k
2
2

Q. 19

x + 2y + z = 4
2x + y + 2z = 5
x-y+z = 1
The system of algebraic equations given above has
(A) a unique solution of x = 1, y = 1 and z = 1.
(B) only the two solutions of (x = 1, y = 1, z = 1) and (x = 2, y = 1, z = 0)
(C) infinite number of solutions
(D) no feasible solution

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

YEAR 2011
Q. 20

ONE MARK

A series expansion for the function sin q is


2
4
3
5
(B) q - q + q - ...
(A) 1 - q + q - ...
2! 4!
3! 5!
2

(C) 1 + q + q + q + ...
2! 3!
Q. 21

(D) q + q + q + ...
3! 5!

What is lim sin q equal to ?


q"0 q
(A) q
(B) sin q
(C) 0
(D) 1

Q. 22

n
i
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Eigen values of a real symmetric matrix are always


(A) positive
(B) negative

.
a
i

(C) real
(D) complex
Q. 23

d
o

The product of two complex numbers 1 + i and 2 - 5i is


(A) 7 - 3i
(B) 3 - 4i

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(C) - 3 - 4i
Q. 24

(D) 7 + 3i

If f (x) is an even function and a is a positive real number, then


(A) 0
(B) a
(C) 2a

Q. 26

TWO MARKS

The integral # 1 dx , when evaluated by using Simpsons 1/3 rule on two equal
1 x
sub-intervals each of length 1, equals
(A) 1.000
(B) 1.098
(C) 1.111
(D) 1.120
3

dy
Consider the differential equation
= (1 + y2) x . The general solution with
dx
constant c is
2
(B) y = tan2 a x + c k
(A) y = tan x + tan c
2
2
(C) y = tan2 a x k + c
2

Q. 27

equals

(D) 2 # f (x) dx

YEAR 2011
Q. 25

#-a f (x) dx

(D) y = tan b x + c l
2

An unbiased coin is tossed five times. The outcome of each toss is either a head
or a tail. The probability of getting at least one head is
(A) 1
(B) 13
32
32
(C) 16
(D) 31
32
32

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Q. 28

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Consider the following system of equations


2x1 + x2 + x 3 = 0
x2 - x 3 = 0
x1 + x 2 = 0
This system has
(A) a unique solution

(B) no solution

(C) infinite number of solutions

(D) five solutions

YEAR 2010
Q. 29

Q. 30

ONE MARK

The parabolic arc y = x , 1 # x # 2 is revolved around the x -axis. The volume


of the solid of revolution is
(A) p/4
(B) p/2
(C) 3p/4
(D) 3p/2
d 3f
f d 2f
= 0 , is a
3 + 2
dh2
dh
(A) second order nonlinear ordinary differential equation

in
.
o
c

The Blasius equation,

(B) third order nonlinear ordinary differential equation


(C) third order linear ordinary differential equation
(D) mixed order nonlinear ordinary differential equation
Q. 31

The value of the integral


(A) - p

.
w

(C) p/2
Q. 32

is

(B) - p/2
(D) p

The modulus of the complex number b 3 + 4i l is


1 - 2i
(A) 5

(C) 1/ 5
Q. 33

.
a
i

d
o
n
#- 3 1 dx
+ x2
3

(B)

(D) 1/5

The function y = 2 - 3x
(A) is continuous 6x ! R and differentiable 6x ! R
(B) is continuous 6x ! R and differentiable 6x ! R except at x = 3/2
(C) is continuous 6x ! R and differentiable 6x ! R except at x = 2/3
(D) is continuous 6x ! R except x = 3 and differentiable 6x ! R
YEAR 2010

Q. 34

TWO MARKS

2 2
H is
One of the eigen vectors of the matrix A = >
1 3
2
(A) > H
-1
4
(C) > H
1

2
(B) > H
1
1
(D) > H
-1

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Q. 35

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

1
. The function f (t) is
s2 (s + 1)
(B) t + 1 + e-t
(D) 2t + et

The Laplace transform of a function f (t) is


(A) t - 1 + e-t
(C) - 1 + e-t

Q. 36

A box contains 2 washers, 3 nuts and 4 bolts. Items are drawn from the box at
random one at a time without replacement. The probability of drawing 2 washers
first followed by 3 nuts and subsequently the 4 bolts is
(A) 2/315
(B) 1/630
(C) 1/1260

Q. 37

(D) 1/2520

Torque exerted on a flywheel over a cycle is listed in the table. Flywheel energy
(in J per unit cycle) using Simpsons rule is
Angle (Degree)

60c

120c

Torque (N-m)

1066

- 323

(A) 542
(C) 1444

Q. 39

240c

300c

360c

323

- 355

n
i
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o
c

(B) 993
(D) 1986

.
a
i

d
o

YEAR 2009
Q. 38

180c

ONE MARK

3/5 4/5
H, the transpose of the matrix is equal to the
For a matrix 6M @ = >
x 3/5
T
-1
inverse of the matrix, 6M @ = 6M @ . The value of x is given by
(A) - 4
(B) - 3
5
5
3
4
(C)
(D)
5
5

.n
w

The divergence of the vector field 3xzi + 2xyj - yz2 k at a point (1, 1, 1) is equal to
(A) 7
(B) 4
(C) 3

(D) 0

Q. 40

The inverse Laplace transform of 1/ (s2 + s) is


(A) 1 + et
(B) 1 - et
(D) 1 + e-t
(C) 1 - e-t

Q. 41

If three coins are tossed simultaneously, the probability of getting at least one
head is
(A) 1/8
(B) 3/8
(C) 1/2

(D) 7/8

YEAR 2009
Q. 42

TWO MARKS

An analytic function of a complex variable z = x + iy is expressed as


f (z) = u (x, y) + iv (x, y) where i = - 1 . If u = xy , the expression for v should be
(x + y) 2
x2 - y2
(A)
(B)
+k
+k
2
2
(C)

y2 - x2
+k
2

(D)

(x - y) 2
+k
2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Q. 43

Q. 44

The solution of x

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

dy
+ y = x 4 with the condition y (1) = 6 is
5
dx

4
(A) y = x + 1
5 x

4
(B) y = 4x + 4
5
5x

4
(C) y = x + 1
5

5
(D) y = x + 1
5

A path AB in the form of one quarter of a circle of unit radius is shown in the
figure. Integration of (x + y) 2 on path AB traversed in a counter-clockwise sense
is

(A) p - 1
2
(C) p
2
Q. 45

Q. 47

(D) 1

.
a
i

The distance between the origin and the point nearest to it on the surface
z2 = 1 + xy is
(A) 1
(B) 3
2
(C)

Q. 46

in
.
o
c

(B) p + 1
2

.
w

d
o
n

(D) 2

The area enclosed between the curves y2 = 4x and x2 = 4y is


(A) 16
(B) 8
3
(C) 32
(D) 16
3

The standard deviation of a uniformly distributed random variable between 0


and 1 is
(A) 1
(B) 1
12
3
5
7
(C)
(D)
12
12
YEAR 2008

Q. 48

In the Taylor series expansion of ex about x = 2 , the coefficient of (x - 2) 4 is


(A) 1/4 !
(B) 2 4 /4!
(C) e2 /4!

Q. 49

ONE MARK

(D) e 4 /4!

Given that xp + 3x = 0 , and x (0) = 1, xo(0) = 0 , what is x (1) ?


(A) - 0.99
(B) - 0.16
(C) 0.16
(D) 0.99

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Q. 50

Q. 51

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

1/3
The value of lim x - 2
x " 8 (x - 8)
(A) 1
16

(B) 1
12

(C) 1
8

(D) 1
4

A coin is tossed 4 times. What is the probability of getting heads exactly 3 times
?
(A) 1
(B) 3
8
4
(C) 1
2

Q. 52

(D) 3
4

R1 2 4V
W
S
The matrix S3 0 6W has one eigen value equal to 3. The sum of the
SS1 1 pWW
X
T
other two eigen value is
(A) p
(C) p - 2

Q. 53

(B) p - 1
(D) p - 3

.n
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TWO MARKS

Consider the shaded triangular region P shown in the figure. What is

(A) 1
6
(C) 7
16
Q. 55

i
d
o

a.

The divergence of the vector field (x - y) i + (y - x) j + (x + y + z) k is


(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2
(D) 3
YEAR 2008

Q. 54

n
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## xydxdy ?
P

(B) 2
9
(D) 1

The directional derivative of the scalar function f (x, y, z) = x2 + 2y2 + z at the


point
P = (1, 1, 2) in the direction of the vector a = 3i - 4j is
(A) - 4
(C) - 1

(B) - 2
(D) 1

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Q. 56

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

For what value of a, if any will the following system of equation in x, y and z have
a solution ?
2x + 3y = 4
x+y+z = 4
3x + 2y - z = a
(B) 0

(A) Any real number


(C) 1
Q. 57

Q. 58

Q. 59

(D) There is no such value

Which of the following integrals is unbounded ?


p/4

(A)

#0 tan xdx

(B)

#0 3 x2 1+ 1 dx

(C)

#0 3xe-x dx

(D)

#0

Q. 61

in
.
o
c

The length of the curve y = 2 x3/2 between x = 0 and x = 1 is


3
(A) 0.27
(B) 0.67

i
d

a.

(D) 1.22

1
1
1 2
The eigen vector of the matrix >
are written in the form > H and > H. What
H
a
b
0 2
is a + b ?
(A) 0
(B) 1/2
(C) 1
(D) 2

(C) 1

o
n

.
w

Let f = yx . What is
(A) 0

Q. 62

1 dx
1-x

The integral # f (z) dz evaluated around the unit circle on the complex plane for
f (z) = cos z is
z
(B) 4pi
(A) 2pi
(C) - 2pi
(D) 0

(C) 1
Q. 60

2f
at x = 2, y = 1 ?
2x2y
(B) ln 2
(D) 1
ln 2

It is given that y m + 2yl + y = 0, y (0) = 0, y (1) = 0 . What is y (0.5) ?


(A) 0
(B) 0.37
(C) 0.62

(D) 1.13

YEAR 2007
Q. 63

The minimum value of function y = x2 in the interval [1, 5] is


(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 25
(D) undefined

Q. 64

If a square matrix A is real and symmetric, then the eigen values


(A) are always real
(B) are always real and positive
(C) are always real and non-negative
(D) occur in complex conjugate pairs

ONE MARK

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Q. 65

Q. 66

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

If j (x, y) and y (x, y) are functions with continuous second derivatives, then
j (x, y) + iy (x, y) can be expressed as an analytic function of x + iy (i = - 1),
when
2j
2j
2y 2j 2y
2y 2j 2y
(A)
(B)
=- ,
=
=- ,
=
2x
2x 2y 2y
2y
2x 2x 2y
2j 2j 2y 2y
22j 22j 22 y 22 y
(C)
(D)
+
=
+
=0
2 +
2 =
2 +
2 = 1
2x 2y 2x 2y
2x
2y
2x
2y
22 j 22 j 2j 2j
The partial differential equation
+
+
+
= 0 has
2x2 2y2 2x 2y
(A) degree 1 order 2
(B) degree 1 order 1
(C) degree 2 order 1
(D) degree 2 order 2
YEAR 2007

Q. 67

If y = x + x +
(A) 4 or 1

x + x + ......3 , then y ^2 h =
(B) 4 only

(C) 1 only
Q. 68

(D) undefined

.
a
i

The area of a triangle formed by the tips of vectors a, b and c is

d
o

Q. 69

Q. 70

(A) 1 (a - b) : (a - c)
(B) 1 (a - b) # (a - c)
2
2
(C) 1 a # b # c
(D) 1 (a # b) : c
2
2
dy
The solution of
= y2 with initial value y (0) = 1 bounded in the interval
dx
(B) - 3 # x # 1
(A) - 3 # x # 3
(C) x < 1, x > 1
(D) - 2 # x # 2

.n
w

If F (s) is the Laplace transform of function f (t), then Laplace transform of

#0

Q. 71

n
i
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o
c

TWO MARKS

f (t) dt is

(A) 1 F (s)
s

(B) 1 F (s) - f (0)


s

(C) sF (s) - f (0)

(D) # F (s) d s

A calculator has accuracy up to 8 digits after decimal place. The value of

2p

#0 sin xdx

when evaluated using the calculator by trapezoidal method with 8 equal intervals,
to 5 significant digits is
(A) 0.00000
(B) 1.0000
(C) 0.00500
Q. 72

(D) 0.00025

Let X and Y be two independent random variables. Which one of the relations
between expectation (E), variance (Var) and covariance (Cov) given below is
FALSE ?
(A) E (XY ) = E (X ) E (Y )
(B) Cov (X, Y ) = 0
(C) Var (X + Y ) = Var (X ) + Var (Y )
(D) E (X 2 Y 2) = (E (X )) 2 (E (Y )) 2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

ex - b1 + x + x l
2
lim
=
3
x"0
x

Q. 73

Q. 74

(A) 0

(B) 1/6

(C) 1/3

(D) 1

2 1
H is
The number of linearly independent eigen vectors of >
0 2
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2

(D) infinite

YEAR 2006
Q. 75

ONE MARK

Match the items in column I and II.


Column I

Column II

P. Gauss-Seidel method

1. Interpolation

Q. Forward Newton-Gauss method 2. Non-linear differential equations


3. Numerical integration

S. Trapezoidal Rule

4. Linear algebraic equations

(A) P-1, Q-4, R-3, S-2

(B) P-1, Q-4, R-2, S-3

.
a
i

(C) P-1. Q-3, R-2, S-4


Q. 76

(D) P-4, Q-1, R-2, S-3

The solution of the differential equation


(A) (1 + x) e+x
(C) (1 - x) e+x

Q. 77

in
.
o
c

R. Runge-Kutta method

d
o
n

.
w

2
dy
+ 2xy = e-x with y (0) = 1 is
dx
2
(B) (1 + x) e-x

(D) (1 - x) e-x

Let x denote a real number. Find out the INCORRECT statement.


(A) S = {x : x > 3} represents the set of all real numbers greater than 3
(B) S = {x : x2 < 0} represents the empty set.

(C) S = {x : x ! A and x ! B} represents the union of set A and set B .


(D) S = {x : a < x < b} represents the set of all real numbers between a and b,
where a and b are real numbers.
Q. 78

A box contains 20 defective items and 80 non-defective items. If two items are
selected at random without replacement, what will be the probability that both
items are defective ?
(B) 1
(A) 1
5
25
(C) 20
(D) 19
99
495
YEAR 2006

Q. 79

TWO MARKS

3 2
H are 5 and 1. What are the eigen
Eigen values of a matrix S = >
2 3
values of the matrix S 2 = SS ?
(A) 1 and 25
(B) 6 and 4
(C) 5 and 1
(D) 2 and 10

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Q. 80

Equation of the line normal to function f (x) = (x - 8) 2/3 + 1 at P (0, 5) is


(A) y = 3x - 5
(B) y = 3x + 5
(C) 3y = x + 15
(D) 3y = x - 15

Q. 81

Assuming i =
(A)

- 1 and t is a real number,

3 + i1
2
2

(B)

(C) 1 + i 3
2
2
Q. 82

p/3

eit dt is

3 - i1
2
2

(D) 1 + i c1 - 3 m
2
2

2
If f (x) = 2x2 - 7x + 3 , then lim f (x) will be
x"3
5x - 12x - 9

(A) - 1/3
(C) 0
Q. 83

#0

(B) 5/18

n
i
.
o
c

(D) 2/5

Match the items in column I and II.

.
a
i

Column I

Column II

P.

Singular matrix

Q.

Non-square matrix

R.

Real symmetric

S.

Orthogonal matrix

1.

d
o

.n
w

Determinant is not defined

2.

Determinant is always one

3.

Determinant is zero

4.

Eigenvalues are always real

5.

Eigenvalues are not defined

(A) P-3, Q-1, R-4, S-2

(B) P-2, Q-3, R-4, S-1


(C) P-3, Q-2, R-5, S-4
(D) P-3, Q-4, R-2, S-1
Q. 84

Q. 85

For

d 2y
dy
2x
2 + 4 dx + 3y = 3e , the particular integral is
dx

(A) 1 e2x
15

(B) 1 e2x
5

(C) 3e2x

(D) C1 e-x + C2 e-3x

Multiplication of matrices E and


Rcos q - sin q
S
E = S sin q
cos q
SS 0
0
T
What is the matrix F ?
Rcos q - sin q 0V
W
S
(A) S sin q
cos q 0W
SS 0
0 1WW
XV
TR
S cos q sin q 0W
(C) S- sin q cos q 0W
SS
0
0 1WW
X
T

F is G . matrices E
R1 0
0VW
S
0W and G = S0 1
SS0 0
1WW
T
X

and G are
0VW
0W
1WW
X

R cos q cos q 0V
W
S
(B) S- cos q sin q 0W
SS
0
0 1WW
TR
VX
S sin q - cos q 0W
(D) Scos q
sin q 0W
SS 0
0 1WW
X
T

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Q. 86

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Consider the continuous random variable with probability density function


f (t) = 1 + t for - 1 # t # 0
= 1 - t for 0 # t # 1
The standard deviation of the random variable is
(A) 1
(B) 1
3
6
(C) 1
3

(D) 1
6

YEAR 2005
Q. 87

ONE MARK

Stokes theorem connects


(A) a line integral and a surface integral
(B) a surface integral and a volume integral
(C) a line integral and a volume integral
(D) gradient of a function and its surface integral

Q. 88

Q. 89

#-a (sin6 x + sin7 x) dx


a
(A) 2 # sin6 x dx
0
a

Q. 91

od

.n
w

.
a
i

is equal to

(C) 2 # (sin x + sin x) dx


Q. 90

in
.
o
c

A lot has 10% defective items. Ten items are chosen randomly from this lot. The
probability that exactly 2 of the chosen items are defective is
(A) 0.0036
(B) 0.1937
(C) 0.2234
(D) 0.3874

(B) 2 # sin7 x dx
0

(D) zero

A is a 3 # 4 real matrix and Ax = b is an inconsistent system of equations. The


highest possible rank of A is
(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4

Changing the order of the integration in the double integral I =


leads to I =
(A) 4y
(C) x

#r #p

f (x, y) dxdy What is q ?

#0 #x

f (x, y) dydx

(B) 16 y2
(D) 8

YEAR 2005

Q. 92

R
S5
S0
Which one of the following is an eigen vector of the matrix S
S0
S0
R V
R V
S 1W
S0W
T
S- 2W
S0W
(A) S W
(B) S W
S 0W
S1W
S 0W
S0W
T X
T X

TWO MARKS

0
5
0
0

0
0
2
3

V
0W
0W
1WW
1W
X

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

R V
R V
S 1W
S 1W
S 0W
S- 1W
(C) S W
(D) S W
0
S W
S 2W
S- 2W
S 1W
T X
T X
With a 1 unit change in b, what is the change in x in the solution of the system
of equations x + y = 2, 1.01x + 0.99y = b ?
(A) zero
(B) 2 units

Q. 93

(C) 50 units

(D) 100 units

Q. 94

By a change of variable x (u, v) = uv, y (u, v) = v/u is double integral, the integrand
f (x, y) changes to f (uv, v/u) f (u, v). Then, f (u, v) is
(A) 2v/u
(B) 2uv
2
(C) v
(D) 1

Q. 95

The right circular cone of largest volume that can be enclosed by a sphere of 1 m
radius has a height of
(A) 1/3 m
(B) 2/3 m

n
i
.
o
c

.
a
i

(C) 2 2 m
(D) 4/3 m
3
2 ln (x)
dy
If x2
and y (1) = 0 , then what is y (e) ?
+ 2xy =
x
dx
(B) 1
(A) e
(D) 1/e2
(C) 1/e

d
o

Q. 96

n
.
#
w
w

The line integral V :dr of the vector V :(r) = 2xyzi + x2 zj + x2 yk from the
origin to the point P (1, 1, 1)
(A) is 1
(B) is zero

Q. 97

(C) is 1

(D) cannot be determined without specifying the path


Q. 98

Starting from x 0 = 1, one step of Newton-Raphson method in solving the equation


x3 + 3x - 7 = 0 gives the next value (x1) as
(A) x1 = 0.5
(B) x1 = 1.406
(C) x1 = 1.5
(D) x1 = 2

Q. 99

A single die is thrown twice. What is the probability that the sum is neither 8
nor 9 ?
(A) 1/9
(B) 5/36
(C) 1/4

(D) 3/4

Common Data For Q. 100 and 101

Q. 100

The complete solution of the ordinary differential equation


d 2y
dy
-x
+ c2 e-3x
2 + p dx + qy = 0 is y = c1 e
dx
Then p and q are
(A) p = 3, q = 3
(B) p = 3, q = 4
(C) p = 4, q = 3
(D) p = 4, q = 4

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Q. 101

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Which of the following is a solution of the differential equation


d 2y
dy
2 + p dx + (q + 1) y = 0
dx
(A) e-3x
(B) xe-x
(C) xe-2x
(D) x2 e-2x
YEAR 2004

Q. 102

ONE MARK

dy
will be equal to
dx
(B) cos b q l
2
(D) cot b q l
2

If x = a (q + sin q) and y = a (1 - cos q), then


(A) sin b q l
2
(C) tan b q l
2

Q. 103

The angle between two unit-magnitude coplanar vectors P (0.866, 0.500, 0) and
Q (0.259, 0.966, 0) will be
(B) 30c
(D) 60c

(A) 0c
(C) 45c
Q. 104

R1
S
The sum of the eigen values of the matrix given below is S1
SS3
T
(A) 5
(B) 7

.
a
i

d
o
n

(C) 9

Q. 106

3VW
1W
1WW
X

TWO MARKS

From a pack of regular playing cards, two cards are drawn at random. What is
the probability that both cards will be Kings, if first card in NOT replaced ?
(A) 1
(B) 1
26
52
(C) 1
(D) 1
169
221

0, for t < a
A delayed unit step function is defined as U (t - a) = *
Its Laplace
1
t
$
a
,
for
transform is
-as
(A) ae-as
(B) e
s
as
(C) e
s

Q. 107

2
5
1

(D) 18

.
w

YEAR 2004
Q. 105

in
.
o
c

as
(D) e
a

The values of a function f (x) are tabulated below


x

f (x)

10

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Using Newtons forward difference formula, the cubic polynomial that can be
fitted to the above data, is
(A) 2x3 + 7x2 - 6x + 2
(B) 2x3 - 7x2 + 6x - 2
(C) x3 - 7x2 - 6x2 + 1
(D) 2x3 - 7x2 + 6x + 1
Q. 108

The volume of an object expressed in spherical co-ordinates is given by


V=

2p

#0 #0

p/3

The value of the integral is


(A) p
3
(C) 2p
3
Q. 109

n
i
.
o
c

.
a
i

.n
w

(D) 12
ONE MARK

2
lim sin x is equal to
x
x"0

(A) 0

(C) 1

Q. 112

r2 sin fdrdfdq

(B) p
6
(D) p
4

d
o

YEAR 2003

Q. 111

For which value of x will the matrix given below become singular ?
R 8 x 0V
W
S
= S 4 0 2W
SS12 6 0WW
X(B) 6
T
(A) 4
(C) 8

Q. 110

#0

(B) 3
(D) - 1

The accuracy of Simpsons rule quadrature for a step size h is


(A) O (h2)
(B) O (h3)
(C) O (h 4)
(D) O (h5)
4 1
For the matrix >
the eigen values are
1 4H
(B) - 3 and - 5
(A) 3 and - 3
(C) 3 and 5
(D) 5 and 0
YEAR 2003

Q. 113

TWO MARKS

Consider the system of simultaneous equations


x + 2y + z = 6
2x + y + 2z = 6
x+y+z = 5
This system has
(A) unique solution

(B) infinite number of solutions

(C) no solution

(D) exactly two solutions

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Q. 114

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

The area enclosed between the parabola y = x2 and the straight line y = x is
(A) 1/8
(B) 1/6
(C) 1/3

Q. 115

(D) 1/2

The solution of the differential equation


(A) y =

1
x+c

dy
+ y2 = 0 is
dx
3
(B) y = - x + c
3

(C) cex
linear
Q. 116

(D) unsolvable as equation is non-

The vector field is F = xi - yj (where i and j are unit vector) is


(A) divergence free, but not irrotational
(B) irrotational, but not divergence free
(C) divergence free and irrotational
(D) neither divergence free nor irrational

Q. 117

Laplace transform of the function sin wt is


(A) 2 s 2
(B) 2 w 2
s +w
s +w
s
(C) 2
(D) 2 w 2
s - w2
s -w

Q. 118

A box contains 5 black and 5 red balls. Two balls are randomly picked one after
another form the box, without replacement. The probability for balls being red is
(A) 1/90
(B) 1/2
(C) 19/90
(D) 2/9

.
a
i

d
o
n

.
w

YEAR 2002
Q. 119

in
.
o
c

ONE MARK

Two dice are thrown. What is the probability that the sum of the numbers on
the two dice is eight?
(A) 5
(B) 5
36
18
(C) 1
(D) 1
3
4

Q. 120

Which of the following functions is not differentiable in the domain [- 1, 1] ?


(A) f (x) = x2
(B) f (x) = x - 1
(C) f (x) = 2
(D) f (x) = maximum ( x, - x )

Q. 121

A regression model is used to express a variable Y as a function of another


variable X .This implies that
(A) there is a causal relationship between Y and X
(B) a value of X may be used to estimate a value of Y
(C) values of X exactly determine values of Y
(D) there is no causal relationship between Y and X

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

YEAR 2002
Q. 122

TWO MARKS

The following set of equations has


3x + 2y + z = 4
x-y+z = 2
- 2x + 2z = 5

Q. 123

(A) no solution

(B) a unique solution

(C) multiple solutions

(D) an inconsistency

The function f (x, y) = 2x2 + 2xy - y3 has


(A) only one stationary point at (0, 0)
(B) two stationary points at (0, 0) and b 1 , - 1 l
6 3
(C) two stationary points at (0, 0) and (1, - 1)
(D) no stationary point

Q. 124

.
a
i

d
o

ONE MARK

The divergence of vector i = xi + yj + zk is


(A) i + j + k
(B) 3

(C) 0
Q. 126

.n
w

YEAR 2001
Q. 125

n
i
.
o
c

Manish has to travel from A to D changing buses at stops B and C enroute. The
maximum waiting time at either stop can be 8 min each but any time of waiting
up to 8 min is equally, likely at both places. He can afford up to 13 min of total
waiting time if he is to arrive at D on time. What is the probability that Manish
will arrive late at D ?
(A) 8
(B) 13
13
64
(C) 119
(D) 9
128
128

(D) 1

Consider the system of equations given below


x+y = 2
2x + 2y = 5
This system has
(A) one solution
(B) no solution
(C) infinite solutions
(D) four solutions

Q. 127

What is the derivative of f (x) = x at x = 0 ?


(A) 1
(B) - 1
(C) 0
(D) Does not exist

Q. 128

The Gauss divergence theorem relates certain


(A) surface integrals to volume integrals
(B) surface integrals to line integrals
(C) vector quantities to other vector quantities
(D) line integrals to volume integrals

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

YEAR 2001
Q. 129

Q. 130

TWO MARKS
3

The minimum point of the function f (x) = b x l - x is at


3
(B) x =- 1
(A) x = 1
(C) x = 0
(D) x = 1
3
The rank of a 3 # 3 matrix C (= AB), found by multiplying a non-zero column
matrix A of size 3 # 1 and a non-zero row matrix B of size 1 # 3 , is
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2

Q. 131

(D) 3

An unbiased coin is tossed three times. The probability that the head turns up
in exactly two cases is
(A) 1
(B) 1
9
8
(C) 2
(D) 3
3
8

in
.
o
c

**********

.
a
i

.
w

d
o
n

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

SOLUTION
Sol. 1

Sol. 2

Option (D) is correct.


Numerical Integration
Scheme

Order of Fitting
Polynomial

P. Simpsons 3/8 Rule

3. Third order

Q. Trapezoidal Rule

1. First order

R. Simpsons 1/3 Rule

2. Second order

Option (C) is correct.


Let a square matrix
x y
A => H
y x

n
i
.
o
c

.
a
i

The characteristic equation for the eigen value is given by


A - lI = 0
x-l y
=0
y x-l

d
o

.n
w

^x - lh2 - y2 = 0
^x - lh2 = y2
x - l =! y

or
or
or

l = x ! y it is a real value.
So, eigen values are real if matrix is real and symmetric.

Sol. 3

Option (D) is correct.


22 u - u2u - 2u = 0
We have
2x 2t
2x2
Order is determined by the orders of the highest derivative present in it. So, it is
a second order partial differential equation.
It is also a non-linear equation because in linear equation, the product of u with
2u
is not allow. Therefore, it is a second order, non-linear partial differential
2x
equation.

Sol. 4

Option (C) is correct.


We know
cos 2x = 2 cos2 x - 1
cos 2x = 1 - 2 sin2 x
cos2 x = 1 - sin2 x
The linear equation is given by
y = mx + c
This equation satisfy the above three equations, so that cos 2x , sin2 x , cos2 x are
linearly dependent.

Sol. 5

Option (A) is correct.


We have
F = xi + yj + zk
2
2
and
x + y + z2 = 1

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

We know, the Gauss divergence theorem is

## ]F $ ngdA = ### ^d $ F hdV


S

Thus the gauss theorem transformed surface integral to volume integral.


d$ F = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 k m $ ^xi + yj + zk h = 1 + 1 + 1 = 3
2x
2y
2y

### ^d$ F hdV

So that

### 3dV

= 3 # volume of sphere

= 3 # 4 p # ^1 h3 = 4p
3

Hence the given integral becomes


## 14 ^F $n hdA = 14 # 4p = p
S

Sol. 6

Option (C) is correct.


d2f
We have
+f = 0
dt2
^D2 + 1h f = 0
The auxiliary equation is

in
.
o
c

m2 + 1 = 0
m =! 1
Thus the solution of this equation becomes

.
a
i

f ^ t h = C1 cos x + C2 sin x
df
=- C1 sin x + C2 cos x
dt

d
o
n

and

From given conditions f ^0 h = 0


and

.
w

C1 = 0
df
0 =4
dt ^ h

4 = C2 + 0 & C2 = 4
So that
f ^ t h = 4 sin x
Hence, the laplace transform is
L f ^ t h = 4L 6sin x @ = 2 4
s +1

Sol. 7

Option (C) is correct.


Let

I =

#
1

x ln ^x h dx

From ILATE, consider ln ^x h as first and

x as second function.
e
e
e
I = ln ^x h # x dx - # ; d ln ^x h # x dx E dx
dx
1
1
1
e
e 1
2
2
3/2
3/2
= :ln ^x h # x D - #
# 3 x dx
3
1 x
1
e
= ; 2 e3/2 - 0E - ; 2 # 2 x3/2E
3
3
3
1
2
4
2
3/2
3/2
3/2
= e - 6e - 1@ = e - 4 e3/2 + 4
3
9
3
9
9
= 2 e3/2 + 4 = 2 e3 + 4
9
9 9
9

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Sol. 8

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Option (B) is correct.


d 2u - k du = 0
dx
dx2
2
or
^D - kD h u = 0
The auxiliary equation is
We have

m2 - km = 0
m ^m - k h = 0
or
m = 0, k
Thus the complete solution is
or
From the given condition
u ^0 h = 0 :

u = C1 e0x + C2 ekx
u = C1 + C2 ekx

n
i
.
o
c

0 = C1 + C 2
C1 + C 2 = 0

and

.
a
i

u ^L h = U :
U = C1 + C2 ekL
Subtracting equation (i) from (ii), we get

....(ii)

U = C2 ^ekL - 1h
or
C2 = kLU
^e - 1h
From equation (i), we have
-U
C1 =- C2 = kL
^e - 1h
Substitute these values in the expression for u , we get
kx
-U + U
ekx = U c 1 - ekL m
u = kL
kL
1-e
^e - 1h ^e - 1h
Option (D) is correct.
Let A be the event when student knows the answer and B be the event when
student guesses the answer. Therefore
P ^Ah = P ^A + B h = 2
3
and
P ^B h = 2 + 1 # 1 = 9
3 3
4 12
2
where 3 is the probability of correct answer and 13 is the probability that student
does not know the answer. So guesses the answer and probability of correct guess
is 14 . Therefore total probability of correct answer
=2+1#1 = 9
3 3
4 12

d
o

Sol. 9

....(i)

.n
w

Conditional probability that student knows the correct answer


P ^A + B h
P ^A/B h =
=2' 9 =8
3 12 9
P ^B h
Sol. 10

Option (A) is correct.


y = x straight line and
y = x 2 parabola, curve is as given. The shaded
region is the area, which is bounded by the both curves (common area).

For

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

We solve given equation as follows to gett the intersection points :


In y = x2 putting y = x we have x = x2 or
x2 - x = 0 & x (x - 1) = 0 & x = 0, 1
Then from y = x , for
x = 0 & y = 0 and x = 1 & y = 1
2
Curve y = x and y = x intersects at point (0, 0) and (1, 1)
So, the area bounded by both the curves is
y = x2

x=1

A=

# # dydx

x=0
3

x=1

# dx # dy

y=x
2 1

y = x2

x=0

x=1

# dx6y @

x2
x

in
.
o
c

y=x

x=0

= :x - x D = 1 - 1 =- 1 = 1 unit2
3
2 0
6
3 2
6
Sol. 11

x=1

# (x

Area is never negative

.
a
i

.
w

At x = 0 , function is continuous but not differentiable because.


For
x > 0 and x < 0
f l (x) = 1 and f l (x) =- 1
lim f l(x) = 1 and lim f l(x) =- 1
x " 0+

x " 0-

R.H.S lim = 1 and L.H.S lim =- 1


Therefore it is not differentiable.
Sol. 12

Option (B) is correct.


Let

y = lim
x"0

(1 - cos x)
x2

It forms : 0 D condition. Hence by L-Hospital rule


0
d

y = lim dx
x"0

(1 - cos x)
= lim sin x
2
d
x " 0 2x
(
x
)
dx

- x) dx

x=0

Option (C) is correct.


Given f (x) = x (in - 1 # x # 1)
For this function the plot is as given below.

d
o
n

Still these gives : 0 D condition, so again applying L-Hospital rule


0

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

y = lim
x"0

Sol. 13

d
dx

(sin x)
= lim cos x = cos 0 = 1
2
2
2
x"0
2 # dxd (x)

Option (D) is correct.


f (x) = x3 + 1
f l(x) = 3x2 + 0
Putting f l(x) equal to zero
f l(x) = 0
2
3x + 0 = 0 & x = 0
Now
f ll(x) = 6x
At x = 0,
fll(0) = 6 # 0 = 0 Hence x = 0 is the point of inflection.
We have

Sol. 14

Option (A) is correct.


Given :
x2 + y2 + z2 = 1
This is a equation of sphere with radius r = 1

.
a
i

d
o

Sol. 15

Sol. 16

.n
w

n
i
.
o
c

The unit normal vector at point c 1 , 1 , 0 m is OA


2 2
1
Hence
OA = c
- 0 m i + c 1 - 0 m j + (0 - 0) k = 1 i + 1 j
2
2
2
2
Option (D) is correct.
First using the partial fraction :
A (s + 1) + Bs
1
F (s) =
=A+ B =
s
s
+
1
s (s + 1)
s (s + 1)
(
A
+
B
)
s
1
A
=
+
s (s + 1)
s (s + 1)
s (s + 1)
Comparing the coefficients both the sides,
(A + B) = 0 and A = 1, B =- 1
1
So
=1- 1
s (s + 1) s s + 1
F (t) = L-1 [F (s)] = L-1 ; 1 E = L-1 :1 - 1 D
s s+1
s (s + 1)
= L-1 :1D - L-1 : 1 D = 1 - e-t
s
s+1
Option (B) is correct.
5 3
Given
A =>
1 3H
For finding eigen values, we write the characteristic equation as

A - lI = 0
5-l
3
=0
1 3-l

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

(5 - l) (3 - l) - 3 = 0
l2 - 8l + 12 = 0 & l = 2, 6
Now from characteristic equation for eigen vector.

&

6A - lI @"x , = 60@

For l = 2

5-2
3 X1
0
=> H
>
H
>
H
1 3 - 2 X2
0
3 3 X1
0
>1 1H>X H = >0H
2

&

X1 + X 2 = 0

& X1 =- X2

1
eigen vector = * 4
-1

So

(1) 2 + (1) 2 =
R 1 V
W
S
2W
Normalized eigen vector = SS
-1W
W
S
2
X
T
Option (D) is correct.
Given :
No. of Red balls = 4
Magnitude of eigen vector =

Sol. 17

in
.
o
c

.
a
i

No. of Black ball = 6


3 balls are selected randomly one after another, without replacement.
1 red and 2 black balls are will be selected as following
Manners

.
w

4
6
5=1
10 # 9 # 8 6

R B B
B R B

Sol. 18

B B R

d
o
n

Probability for these sequence

6
4
5=1
10 # 9 # 8 6

6
5
4=1
10 # 9 # 8 6

Hence Total probability of selecting 1 red and 2 black ball is


P =1+1+1 = 3=1
6 6 6 6 2
Option (A) is correct.
d2y
dy
We have
x2 2 + x - 4y = 0
dx
dx
Let x = ez then

So, we get

Again

z
dz
dx
dy
dx
dy
x
dx

...(1)

= log x
=1
x
dy
dy
= b lb dz l = 1
x dz
dz dx
= Dy

where d = D
dz

d 2y
dy
dy
dy
dy
= d b l = d b 1 l = -21 + 1 d b l dz
dx dx
dx x dz
dx2
x dz x dz dz dx
dy
d 2y
d 2 y dy
= -21 + 1 2 dz = 12 c 2 - m
dz
x dz x dz dx
x dz

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

x2 d 2 y
= (D2 - D) y = D (D - 1) y
dx2
Now substitute in equation (i)
[D (D - 1) + D - 4] y = 0
(D2 - 4) y = 0 & D = ! 2
So the required solution is
y = C1 x2 + C2 x-2
From the given limits
y (0) = 0 , equation (ii) gives

...(ii)

0 = C1 # 0 + C 2
C2 = 0
And from y (1) = 1, equation (ii) gives
1 = C1 + C 2
C1 = 1
Substitute C1 & C2 in equation (ii), the required solution be

n
i
.
o
c

y = x2
Sol. 19

Option (C) is correct.


For given equation matrix form is as follows
R1 2 1V
R4V
W
S
S W
A = S2 1 2W, B = S5W
SS1 - 1 1WW
SS1WW
X
T
T X
The augmented matrix is
R1 2 1 : 4V
W
S
R2 " R2 - 2R1, R 3 " R 3 - R1
8A : BB = S2 1 2 : 5W
SS1 - 1 1 : 1WW
TR1 2 1 : X4V
W
S
+ S0 - 3 0 : - 3W
R 3 " R 3 - R2
SS0 - 3 0 : - 3WW
RT1 2 1 : 4VX
W
S
+ S0 - 3 0 : - 3W
R2 " R2 / - 3
SS0 0 0 : 0WW
RT1 2 1 : 4V X
W
S
+ S0 1 0 : 1W
SS0 0 0 : 0WW
X
T
This gives rank of A, r (A) = 2 and Rank of 8A : BB = r 8A : BB = 2
Which is less than the number of unknowns (3)

.
a
i

d
o

.n
w

r 6A@ = r 8A : BB = 2 < 3
Hence, this gives infinite No. of solutions.
Sol. 20

Option (B) is correct.


3
5
7
sin q = q - q + q - q + ......
3
5
7

Sol. 21

Option (D) is correct.


Let

d
(sin q)
y = lim sin q = lim dq d
= lim cos q
1
q"0
q"0
q"0 q
(
q
)
dq
= cos 0 =1
1

Applying L-Hospital rule

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Sol. 22

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Option (C) is correct


Let a square matrix
x y
A =>
y xH
We know that the characteristic equation for the eigen values is given by
A - lI = 0
x-l
y
=0
y x-l
(x - l) 2 - y2 = 0
(x - l) 2 = y2
x - l =! y & l = x ! y
So, eigen values are real if matrix is real and symmetric.

Sol. 23

Option (A) is correct.


Let, z1 = (1 + i), z2 = (2 - 5i)
z = z1 # z2 = (1 + i) (2 - 5i)
= 2 - 5i + 2i - 5i2 = 2 - 3i + 5 = 7 - 3i

Sol. 24

Option (D) is correct.


For a function, whose limits bounded between - a to a and a is a positive real
number. The solution is given by
a

#-a f (x) dx
Sol. 25

in
.
o
c

i 2 =- 1

Option (C) is correct.

.
a
i

2 # f (x) dx ;

f (x) is even

f (x) is odd

=*

.
w

d
o
n#
0

1 dx
x
From this function we get a = 1, b = 3 and n = 3 - 1 = 2
f (x) =

Let,

So,

h =b-a = 3-1 = 1
n
2

We make the table from the given function y = f (x) = 1 as follows :


x

Sol. 26

f (x) = y = 1
x

x=1

y1 = 1 = 1
1

x=2

y2 = 1 = 0.5
2

x=3

y 3 = 1 = 0.333
3

Applying the Simpsons 1/3 rd formula


3
#1 x1 dx = h3 6(y1 + y3) + 4y2@ = 13 6(1 + 0.333) + 4 # 0.5@
= 1 [1.333 + 2] = 3.333 = 1.111
3
3
Option (D) is correct.
dy
Given :
= (1 + y2) x
dx

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

dy
= xdx
(1 + y2)
Integrating both the sides, we get
dy
= # xdx
# 1+
y2
2
tan-1 y = x + c
2
Sol. 27

y = tan b x + c l
2

&

Option (D) is correct.

The probability of getting head p = 1


2
And the probability of getting tail q = 1 - 1 = 1
2 2
The probability of getting at least one head is

Sol. 28

n
i
.
o
c

5
0
P (x $ 1) = 1 - 5C 0 (p) 5 (q) 0 = 1 - 1 # b 1 l b 1 l
2 2
= 1 - 15 = 31
32
2
Option (C) is correct.
Given system of equations are,

.
a
i

d
o

2x1 + x2 + x 3 = 0
x2 - x 3 = 0

.n
w

...(i)
...(ii)

x1 + x 2 = 0
Adding the equation (i) and (ii) we have

...(iii)

2x1 + 2x2 = 0

...(iv)
x1 + x 2 = 0
We see that the equation (iii) and (iv) is same and they will meet at infinite
points. Hence this system of equations have infinite number of solutions.
Sol. 29

Option (D) is correct.


The volume of a solid generated by revolution about x -axis bounded by the
function f (x) and limits between a to b is given by
V =
Given
Therefore,

Sol. 30

#a

y =

py2 dx

x and a = 1, b = 2
2 2

p ( x ) 2 dx = p # xdx = p :x D
2 1
1
= p : 4 - 1 D = 3p
2 2
2

V =

#1

Option (B) is correct.


d 3f
f d 2f
=0
3 + 2
dh2
dh
Order is determined by the order of the highest derivation present in it. So, It is
third order equation but it is a nonlinear equation because in linear equation, the
product of f with d 2 f/dh2 is not allow.
Therefore, it is a third order non-linear ordinary differential equation.
Given:

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Sol. 31

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Option (D) is correct.


I =

Let

#- 33 1 dx
+ x2

= 6tan-1 x @3
= [tan-1 (+ 3) - tan-1 (- 3)]
-3

= p - a- p k = p
2
2
Sol. 32

tan-1 (- q) =- tan-1 (q)

Option (B) is correct.


z = 3 + 4i
1 - 2i
Divide and multiply z by the conjugate of (1 - 2i) to convert it in the form of
a + bi we have
2
(3 + 4i) (1 + 2i)
z = 3 + 4i # 1 + 2i =
= 3 + 10i +2 8i
2
2
1 - 2i
1 + 2i
(1) - (2i)
1 - 4i
= 3 + 10i - 8 = - 5 + 10i =- 1 + 2i
5
1 - (- 4)
Let,

z =
Sol. 33

(- 1) 2 + (2) 2 =

a + ib =

Option (C) is correct.

Z2 - 3x
]]
y = f (x) = [0
]- (2 - 3x)
\
Checking the continuity of the function.
At x = 2 ,
Lf (x) = lim f b 2 - h l
3
3
h"0

2
3

if x =

2
3

if x >

2
3

in
.
o
c

a.

i
d

if x <

= lim 2 - 3 b 2 - h l
3
h"0

= lim 2 - 2 + 3h = 0

o
n

h"0

Rf (x) = lim f b 2 + h l = lim 3 b 2 + h l - 2


3
3
h"0
h"0

and

.
w

= lim 2 + 3h - 2 = 0
h"0

L lim f (x) = R lim f (x)

Since

h"0

h"0

So, function is continuous 6 x ! R


Now checking the differentiability :
f ^ 23 - h h - f ^ 23 h
2 - 3 ^ 23 - h h - 0
Lf l (x) = lim
= lim
h"0
h"0
-h
-h
= lim 2 - 2 + 3h = lim 3h =- 3
h"0
h"0 -h
-h

and

f ^ 23 + h h - f ^ 23 h
h"0
h

Rf l (x) = lim

3 ^ 23 + h h - 2 - 0
= lim 2 + 3h - 2 = 3
h"0
h"0
h
h
Since
Lf lb 2 l ! Rf lb 2 l, f (x) is not differentiable at x = 2 .
3
3
3
Option (A) is correct.
2 2
H
Let,
A =>
1 3
And l1 and l2 are the eigen values of the matrix A.
The characteristic equation is written as
= lim

Sol. 34

A - lI = 0

a2 + b2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2 2
1 0
>
H - l>
H =0
1 3
0 1
2-l
2
=0
1 3-l

...(i)

(2 - l) (3 - l) - 2 = 0
l2 - 5l + 4 = 0 & l = 1 & 4
Putting l = 1 in equation (i),
0
2-1
2 x1
=
>
1 3 - 1H>x2H >0H
2 x1
0
=> H
H
>
H
2 x2
0

1
>1
Let
Then
So, the eigen vector is

x1
where > H is eigen vector
x2

x1 + 2x2
x2
x1 + 2K
- 2K
> KH

= 0 or x1 + 2x2 = 0
=K
= 0 & x1 =- 2K
-2
or > H
1

n
i
.
o
c

.
a
i

2
Since option A> H is in the same ratio of x1 and x2 . Therefore option (A) is an
-1
eigen vector.
Sol. 35

d
o

.n
w

Option (A) is correct.

f (t) is the inverse Laplace

f (t) = L - 1 ; 2 1
s (s + 1)E

So,

As (1 + s) + B (s + 1) + Cs2
1
= A + B2 + C =
s
s+1
s
s (s + 1)
s2 (s + 1)

w
2

s2 (A + C) + s (A + B) + B
s2 (s + 1)
2
Compare the coefficients of s , s and constant terms and we get
A + C = 0 ; A + B = 0 and B = 1
Solving above equation, we get A =- 1, B = 1 and C = 1
Thus
f (t) = L - 1 :- 1 + 12 + 1 D
s s
s+1
=

=- 1 + t + e-t = t - 1 + e-t
Sol. 36

L - 1 : 1 D = e-at
s+a

Option (C) is correct.


The box contains :
Number of washers = 2
Number of nuts = 3
Number of bolts = 4
Total objects = 2 + 3 + 4 = 9
First two washers are drawn from the box which contain 9 items. So the probability
of drawing 2 washers is,
2
7!2!
n
P1 = 9C2 == 1 =
Cn = 1
= 2 = 1
C2
9 # 8 # 7! 9 # 8 36
9!
7!2!

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

After this box contains only 7 objects and then 3 nuts drawn from it. So the
probability of drawing 3 nuts from the remaining objects is,
3
4!3!
P2 = 7C 3 = 1 =
= 1
C3
7!
7 # 6 # 5 # 4! 35
4!3!
After this box contain only 4 objects, probability of drawing 4 bolts from the box,
4
P3 = 4C 4 = 1 = 1
C4 1
Therefore the required probability is,
P = P1 P2 P3 = 1 # 1 # 1 = 1
36
35
1260
Sol. 37

Option (B) is correct.


h = 60c - 0 = 60c
h = 60 # p = p = 1.047 radians
180
3

Given :

From the table, we have


y 0 = 0 , y1 = 1066 , y2 =- 323 , y 3 = 0 , y 4 = 323 , y5 =- 355 and y6 = 0
From the Simpsons 1/3rd rule the flywheel Energy is,
E = h 6(y 0 + y6) + 4 (y1 + y 3 + y5) + 2 (y2 + y 4)@
3
Substitute the values, we get
E = 1.047 6(0 + 0) + 4 (1066 + 0 - 355) + 2 (- 323 + 323)@
3
= 1.047 64 # 711 + 2 (0)@ = 993 Nm rad (Joules/cycle)
3
Sol. 38

Option (A) is correct.

.
a
i

d
o
n

.
w

3
5

4
5
3
5

M =>
x

Given :

And

in
.
o
c

[M]T = [M] -1

T
-1
We know that when 6A@ = 6A@ then it is called orthogonal matrix.

6M @T = I
6M @
T
6M @ 6M @ = I

Substitute the values of M and M T , we get

> 45

5
3 H.>
x

4
5
3
5

1 0

H = >0 1H

3
4
3 V
b 5 # 5 l + 5 xW
W = >1 0H
4
4
3
3 W
0 1
b 5 # 5 l + b 5 # 5 lW
X
2
12
3
9
1 0
+
x
+
x
25
5
25
=>
>12 + 3 x
H
0 1H
1
25
5
Comparing both sides a12 element,
12 + 3 x = 0 " x =- 12
5 =- 4
25 5
25 # 3
5
R 3
S b # 3 l + x2
5
S 5
S 4 # 3 + 3x
Sb 5
5l 5
T

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Sol. 39

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Option (C) is correct.


Let,
V = 3xzi + 2xyj - yz2 k
We know divergence vector field of V is given by (4: V)
4: V = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 k m : ^3xzi + 2xyj - yz2 k h
2x
2y
2z

So,

4: V = 3z + 2x - 2yz
At point P (1, 1, 1)
(4: V) P (1, 1, 1) = 3 # 1 + 2 # 1 - 2 # 1 # 1 = 3
Sol. 40

Option (C) is correct.

f (s) = L - 1 ; 2 1 E
s +s
1
First, take the function 2
and break it by the partial fraction,
s +s
Solve by
1
1 =
=1- 1
2
* 1 =A+ B 4
s (s + 1) s (s + 1)
s +s
(s + 1) s s + 1
So,
L - 1 c 2 1 m = L - 1 ;1 - 1 E = L - 1 :1D - L - 1 : 1 D = 1 - e-t
s (s + 1)
s
s+1
s +s
Sol. 41
Option (D) is correct.
Total number of cases = 23 = 8 & Possible cases when coins are tossed simultaneously.
H H H
H H T
H T H
T H H
H T T
T H T
T T H
T T T
Let

.
a
i

d
o

.n
w

n
i
.
o
c

From these cases we can see that out of total 8 cases 7 cases contain at least one
head. So, the probability of come at least one head is = 7
8
Sol. 42

Option (C) is correct.


Given :

z = x + iy is a analytic function
f (z) = u (x, y) + iv (x, y)
u = xy
Analytic function satisfies the Cauchy-Riemann equation.
2u = 2v and 2u =-2v
2x
2y
2y
2x
2u = y &
2v = y
2x
2y
2u = x &
2v =- x
2y
2x
Let v (x, y) be the conjugate function of u (x, y)
dv = 2v dx + 2v dy = (- x) dx + (y) dy
2x
2y
Integrating both the sides,
So from equation (i),

# dv

=- # xdx +

# ydy

..(i)

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2
y2
v =- x + + k = 1 (y2 - x2) + k
2
2
2

Sol. 43

Option (A) is correct.


dy
Given
x + y = x4
dx
dy
+ 1 y = x3
dx b x l

...(i)

dy
It is a single order differential equation. Comparing this with
+ Py = Q
dx
P =1
Q = x3
x
y (I.F.) =

# Q (I.F.) dx + C

I. F. = e
yx =

# Pdx

=e

# x1 dx

= e log x = x

# x3 # xdx + C

# x4 dx + C

5
= x +C
5

...(ii)

and y (1) = 6 at x = 1 & y = 6 From equation (ii),


5
5
6 1 = 1+C & C = 6-1 = 1
5
5#
5 5

in
.
o
c

Then, from equation (ii), we get


5
4
yx = x + 1 & y = x + 1
5
5 x
Sol. 44

.
a
i

d
o
n

Option (B) is correct.


The equation of circle with unit radius and centre at origin is given by,

.
w

x2 + y2 = 1

Finding the integration of (x + y) 2 on path AB traversed in counter-clockwise


sense So using the polar form
Let: x = cos q , y = sin q , and r = 1
So put the value of x and y and limits in first quadrant between 0 to p/2 .
Hence,

I =

#0

p/2

#0

p/2

(cos q + sin q) 2 dq
(cos2 q + sin2 q + 2 sin q cos q) dq =

#0

p/2

(1 + sin 2q) dq

Integrating above equation, we get


p/2
= :q - cos 2q D = ;a p - cos p k - b 0 - cos 0 lE
2 0
2
2
2
= b p + 1 l - b- 1 l = p + 1
2
2 2
2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

Sol. 45

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Option (A) is correct.


The given equation of surface is
...(i)
z2 = 1 + xy
Let P (x, y, z) be the nearest point on the surface (i), then distance from the origin
is
d = (x - 0) 2 + (y - 0) 2 + (z - 0) 2
d 2 = x2 + y2 + z2
z2 = d 2 - x2 - y2
From equation (i) and (ii), we get

...(ii)

d 2 - x2 - y2 = 1 + xy
d 2 = x2 + y2 + xy + 1
Let
...(iii)
f (x, y) = d 2 = x2 + y2 + xy + 1
The f (x, y) be the maximum or minimum according to d 2 maximum or minimum.
Differentiating equation (iii) w.r.t x and y respectively, we get
2f
2f
= 2y + x
= 2x + y or
2x
2y
2f
2f
Applying maxima minima principle and putting
and
equal to zero,
2x
2y
2f
2f
= 2x + y = 0 or
= 2y + x = 0
2x
2y
Solving these equations, we get x = 0 , y = 0
So, x = y = 0 is only one stationary point.
22 f
Now
p = 2 =2
2x
22 f
q =
=1
2x2y
22 f
r = 2 =2
2y
or
pr - q2 = 4 - 1 = 3 > 0 and r is positive.

.
a
i

d
o

.n
w

n
i
.
o
c

So,
f (x, y) = d 2 is minimum at (0, 0).
Hence minimum value of d 2 at (0, 0).
d 2 = x2 + y2 + xy + 1 = 1
d = 1 or f (x, y) = 1
So, the nearest point is
&
Sol. 46

z2 = 1 + xy = 1 + 0
z =! 1

Option (A) is correct.


Given : y2 = 4x and x2 = 4y draw the curves from the given equations,

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

The shaded area shows the common area. Now finding the intersection points of
the curves.
y2 = 4x = 4 4y = 8 y

x=

4y From second curve

Squaring both sides


y 4 = 8 # 8 # y & y (y3 - 64) = 0
y =4 & 0
Similarly put y = 0 in curve x2 = 4y
x2 = 4 # 0 = 0 & x = 0
And Put
y =4

in
.
o
c

.
a
i

x2 = 4 # 4 = 16 x = 4
So,
x = 4, 0
Therefore the intersection points of the curves are (0, 0) and (4, 4).
So the enclosed area is given by

.
w

d
o
n#
A=

x2

x1

(y1 - y2) dx

Put y1 and y2 from the equation of curves y2 = 4x and x2 = 4y


2
4
A = # b 4x - x l dx
4
0

#0

4
x2
1
b 2 x - 4 l dx = 2 # x dx - 4
0

#0

x2 dx

Integrating the equation, we get


3 4
4
A = 2 :2 x3/2D - 1 :x D
3
4 3 0
0
3
= 4 # 43/2 - 1 # 4 = 4 # 8 - 16 = 16
3
3
3
3
3
4

Sol. 47

Option (A) is correct.


The cumulative distribution function
Z0,
]
]
f (x) = [ x - a ,
b-a
]]
0,
\
and density function
1 ,
f (x) = *b - a
0,

x#a
a<x<b
x$b
a#x#b
a > x, x > b

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

E (x) =

Mean

/ xf (x) = a +2 b

x=a
2

Variance = x f (x) - x 2 = x2 f (x) - 6xf (x)@2


Substitute the value of f (x)
Variance =

/ x b -1 a dx - ) / x b -1 a dx 3
2

x=a

x=a

2
2 2
b 2
2
x
b3 - a3 - (b - a )
- >) x
=
3
G
3 (b - a) a
2 (b - a) aH
3 (b - a) 4 (b - a) 2
2
2
2
(b - a) (b + ab + a ) (b + a) (b - a) 2
=
3 (b - a)
4 (b - a) 2
4 (b2 + ab + a2) + 3 (a + b) 2
(b - a) 2
=
=
12
12

==

(b - a)
(b - a) 2
=
12
12

n
i
.
o
c

Standard deviation = Variance =


Given : b = 1, a = 0
So, standard deviation = 1 - 0 = 1
12
12
Sol. 48

d
o

(x - a)
(x - a) 2
(x - a) 3
f l (a) +
f m (a) +
f lll (a) + ....
1
2
3
f mm (a)
Then from this expansion the coefficient of (x - a) 4 is
4
Given
a =2
f (x) = ex
f l (x) = ex
f m (x) = ex
f n (x) = ex
f mm (x) = ex
2
Hence, for a = 2 the coefficient of (x - a) 4 is e
4
Option (D) is correct.
Given :
xp + 3x = 0 and x (0) = 1
f (x) = f (a) +

Sol. 49

.
a
i

Option (C) is correct.


Taylors series expansion of f (x) is given by,

.n
w

D= d
dt

(D2 + 3) x = 0
The auxiliary Equation is written as
m2 + 3 = 0
m =! 3 i = 0 !
Here the roots are imaginary
m1 = 0 and m2 =

3i
3

Solution is given by
x = em t (A cos m2 t + B sin m2 t)
1

= e0 [A cos 3 t + B sin 3 t]
= [A cos 3 t + B sin 3 t]
Given :
x (0) = 1 at t = 0 , x = 1
Substituting in equation (i),

...(i)

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ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

1 = [A cos 3 (0) + B sin 3 (0)]= A + 0


A =1
Differentiateing equation (i) w.r.t. t ,
xo = 3 [- A sin 3 t + B cos 3 t]
Given
xo(0) = 0 at t = 0 , xo = 0
Substituting in equation (ii), we get
0=

...(ii)

3 [- A sin 0 + B cos 0]

B =0
Substituting A & B in equation (i)
x = cos 3 t
x (1) = cos 3 = 0.99
Sol. 50

Option (B) is correct.


1/3
0 form
f (x) = lim x - 2
0
x " 8 (x - 8)
1 -2/3
x
Applying L-Hospital rule
= lim 3
1
x"8
Substitute the limits, we get
f (x) = 1 (8) -2/3 = 1 (23) -2/3 = 1 = 1
3
3
4 # 3 12
Option (A) is correct.
In a coin probability of getting Head
p = 1 = No. of Possible cases
2
No. of Total cases
Probability of getting tail
q = 1-1 = 1
2 2
So the probability of getting Heads exactly three times, when coin is tossed 4
times is
3
1
P = 4C 3 (p) 3 (q) 1 = 4C 3 b 1 l b 1 l = 4 # 1 # 1 = 1
2 2
8
2 4

Let

Sol. 51

Sol. 52

in
.
o
c

.
a
i

.
w

d
o
n

Option (C) is correct.

R1 2 4V
S
W
Let,
A = S3 0 6W
SS1 1 pWW
T l3
X
Let the eigen values of this matrix are l1, l2 &
Here one values is given so let l1 = 3
We know that
Sum of eigen values of matrix= Sum of the diagonal element of matrix A
l1 + l2 + l3 = 1 + 0 + p
l2 + l3 = 1 + p - l1 = 1 + p - 3 = p - 2

Sol. 53

Option (D) is correct.


We know that the divergence is defined as 4:V
Let
V = (x - y) i + (y - x) j + (x + y + z) k
And
4 = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 km
2x
2y
2z

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

4:V = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 k m : 6(x - y) i + (y - x) j + (x + y + z) k @
2x
2y
2z
= 2 (x - y) + 2 (y - x) + 2 (x + y + z)
2x
2y
2z

So,

= 1+1+1 = 3
Sol. 54

Option (A) is correct.


Given :

n
i
.
o
c

The equation of line in intercept form is given by


x +y =1
2 1

.
a
i

x +y =1
a b

x + 2y = 2 & x = 2 (1 - y)
The limit of x is between 0 to x = 2 (1 - y) and y is 0 to 1,

##p xydxdy

Now

d
o

.n #
w #
=

y=1

2 (1 - y)

#y = 0 #x = 0
y=1

y=0
y=1

y=0

y;

xydxdy =

y=1

#y = 0

x2 2 (1 - y) ydy
:2D
0

4 (1 - y)
- 0E dy
2

2y (1 + y2 - 2y) dy =

y=1

#y = 0

2 (y + y3 - 2y2) dy

Again Integrating and substituting the limits, we get

Sol. 55

Sol. 56

##p xydxdy

y 2 y 4 2y 3 1
= 2; + = 2 :1 + 1 - 2 - 0D
2
3 E0
2 4 3
4
= 2:6 + 3 - 8D = 2 = 1
12
12 6

Option (B) is correct.


Direction derivative of a function f along a vector P is given by
a =grad f : a
a
2f
2f
2f
where
grad f = c
i+
j+
k
2x
2y
2z m
f (x, y, z) = x2 + 2y2 + z , a = 3i - 4j
3i - 4j
a = grad (x2 + 2y2 + z) :
(3) 2 + (- 4) 2
(3i - 4j)
6x - 16y
=
= (2xi + 4yj + k) :
5
25
At point P (1, 1, 2) the direction derivative is
a = 6 # 1 - 16 # 1 =- 10 =- 2
5
5
Option (B) is correct.
Given :
2x + 3y = 4
x+y+z = 4

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ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

x + 2y - z = a
It is a set of non-homogenous equation, so the augmented matrix of this system is
R
V
S2 3 0 : 4W
6A : B@ = S1 1 1 : 4W
SS1 2 - 1 : aWW
TR
X V
4W
S2 3 0 :
S
0
1
2
4W
:
+
R 3 " R 3 + R2 , R2 " 2R2 - R1
SS2 3 0 : 4 + aWW
TR
V X
S2 3 0 : 4W
+ S0 - 1 2 : 4W
R 3 " R 3 - R1
SS0 0 0 : aWW
T
X
So, for a unique solution of the system of equations, it must have the condition
r [A: B] = r [A]
So, when putting a = 0
We get
r [A: B] = r [A]
Sol. 57

Option (D) is correct.


Here we check all the four options for unbounded condition.
p/4
(A)
#0 tan xdx = 8log sec x B0p/4 = 9log sec p4 - log sec 0 C

#0

(B)

#0 xe

3 -x

(C)

in
.
o
c

.
a
i

= log 2 - log 1 = log 2


1 dx = tan-1 x 3 = tan-1 3 - tan-1 (0) = p - 0 = p
6
@0
2
2
x2 + 1

d
o
#
#
n
.
w
#

dx

I =

Let

3 -x

xe dx = x

e-x dx -

# :dxd (x) # e

-x

dx D dx

= 6- e-x (x + 1)@3
e-x dx = 6- xe-x - e-x@3
0
0

= 6- xe @ +
-x 3
0

=- [0 - 1] = 1
1
1
(D)
#0 1 -1 x dx =- #0 x -1 1 dx =-6log (x - 1)@10 -6log 0 - log (- 1)@
Both log 0 and log (1) undefined so it is unbounded.

Sol. 58

Option (A) is correct.


and f (z) = cos z
z
Then
I = # cos z dz = # cos z dz
z
z-0
Given that z = 1 for unit circle. From the Cauchy Integral formula
# zf-(z)a dz = 2pi f (a)
Compare equation (i) and (ii), we can say that,
Let

I=

# f (z) dz

a = 0 and f (z) = cos z


Or,
f (a) = f (0) = cos 0 = 1
Now from equation (ii) we get
# zf-(z)0 dz = 2pi # 1 = 2pi

...(i)

...(ii)

a=0

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Sol. 59

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Option (D) is correct.


y = 2 x3/2
3

Given

...(i)

We know that the length of curve is given by

#x

x2

dy 2
b dx l + 1 3 dx

...(ii)

Differentiate equation(i) w.r.t. x


3
dy
= 2 # 3 x 2 - 1 = x1/2 = x
3
2
dx
dy
Substitute the limit x1 = 0 to x2 = 1 and
in equation (ii), we get
dx
L =

#0

_ ( x ) 2 + 1 i dx =

#0

x + 1 dx

= :2 (x + 1) 3/2D = 1.22
3
0
1

Sol. 60

Option (B) is correct.

n
i
.
o
c

1 2
A =>
l and l2 is the eigen values of the matrix.
0 2H 1
For eigen values characteristic matrix is,

Let

1
>0

.
a
i

A - lI = 0
2
1 0
=0
- l>
H
2
0 1H

d
o

(1 - l)
2
=0
0 (2 - l)

.n
w

(1 - l) (2 - l) = 0 & l = 1 & 2
So, Eigen vector corresponding to the l = 1 is,
0 2 1
>0 1H>a H = 0

2a + a = 0 & a = 0

Again for l = 2
-1 2 1
> 0 0H>b H = 0
- 1 + 2b = 0

a &b & a + b = 0 + 1 = 1
2 2

Then sum of
Sol. 61

b=1
2

Option (C) is correct.


Given
f (x, y) = yx
First partially differentiate the function w.r.t. y
2f
= xyx - 1
2y
Again differentiate. it w.r.t. x
22 f
= yx - 1 (1) + x ^yx - 1 log y h = yx - 1 ^x log y + 1h
2x2y
At :

x = 2, y = 1
22 f
= (1) 2 - 1 (2 log 1 + 1) = 1 (2 # 0 + 1) = 1
2x2y

...(i)

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Sol. 62

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Option (A) is correct.


y m + 2yl + y = 0
(D + 2D + 1) y = 0

Given :

where D = d/dx

The auxiliary equation is


m2 + 2m + 1 = 0
(m + 1) 2 = 0 , m =- 1, - 1
The roots of auxiliary equation are equal and hence the general solution of the
given differential equation is,
..(i)
y = (C1 + C2 x) em x = (C1 + C2 x) e-x
Given y (0) = 0 at x = 0, & y = 0
Substitute in equation (i), we get
1

0 = (C1 + C2 # 0) e-0
0 = C1 # 1 & C1 = 0
Again y (1) = 0 , at x = 1 & y = 0
Substitute in equation (i), we get
0 = [C1 + C2 # (1)] e-1 = [C1 + C2] 1
e

in
.
o
c

C1 + C 2 = 0 & C 2 = 0
Substitute C1 and C2 in equation (i), we get
y = (0 + 0x) e-x = 0
And
y (0.5) = 0
Sol. 63

.
a
i

d
o
n

Option (B) is correct.


Given :

y = x2 and interval [1, 5].


At
x=1 &y =1
And at
x=5
y = (5) 2 = 25
Here the interval is bounded between 1 and 5
So, the minimum value at this interval is 1.
Sol. 64

.
w

Option (A) is correct


Let square matrix

x y
A =>
y xH
The characteristic equation for the eigen values is given by
A - lI = 0
x-l
y
=0
y x-l
(x - l) 2 - y2 = 0
(x - l) 2 = y2
x - l =! y
l = x!y
So, eigen values are real if matrix is real and symmetric.
Sol. 65

Option (B) is correct.


The Cauchy-Reimann equation, the necessary condition for a function f (z) to be
analytic is

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ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2j 2y
=
2x
2y
2j
2y
=2x
2y
Sol. 66

when

2j 2j 2y 2y
,
,
,
exist.
2x 2y 2y 2x

Option (A) is correct.


2 2 j 2 2 j 2j 2j
Given :
+ 2 +
+
=0
2x
2y
2x 2
2y
Order is determined by the order of the highest derivative present in it.
Degree is determined by the degree of the highest order derivative present in it
after the differential equation is cleared of radicals and fractions.
So, degree = 1 and order = 2

Sol. 67

Option (B) is correct.


y = x+

Given

y-x =
Squaring both the sides,

x+

x+

n
i
.
o
c

x + x + .......3

x + x + ....3

a.

(y - x) 2 = x + x + x + ......3
(y - x) 2 = y
y2 + x2 - 2xy = y
We have to find y (2), put x = 2 in equation (ii),

di

o
n
.
w

...(i)

From equation (i)


...(ii)

y 2 + 4 - 4y = y
y2 - 5y + 4 = 0
(y - 4) (y - 1) = 0
y = 1, 4
From Equation (i) we see that

For y (2)
Therefore,
Sol. 68

y = 2+
y =4

2+

2 + 2 + .....3 > 2

Option (B) is correct.

Vector area of TABC ,


A = 1 BC # BA = 1 (c - b) # (a - b)
2
2
= 1 [c # a - c # b - b # a + b # b]
2
b # b = 0 and c # b =- (b # c)
= 1 [c # a + b # c + a # b]
2
= 1 [(a - b) # (a - c)]
2

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Sol. 69

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Option (C) is correct.


dy
dy
= y2 or 2 = dx
dx
y
Integrating both the sides
= # dx
# dy
y2
-1 = x + C
y
Given y (0) = 1 at
x=0 &y=1
Put in equation (i) for the value of C
- 1 = 0 + C &C =- 1
1
From equation (i),
-1 = x - 1
y
y =- 1
x-1
For this value of y , x - 1 ! 0 or x ! 1
And
x < 1 or x > 1
Given :

Sol. 70

Sol. 71

in
.
o
c

Option (A) is correct.


f (t) =

Let

...(i)

# f (t) dt and f (0) = 0 then fl (t) = f (t)


0

.
a
i

We know the formula of Laplace transforms of fl (t) is


f (0) = 0
L 6fl (t)@ = sL 6f ^ t h@ - f (0) = sL 6f (t)@
L 6f (t)@ = 1 L 6fl (t)@
s
Substitute the values of f (t) and fl (t), we get
t
L ; # f (t) dtE = 1 L 6f (t)@
s
0
t
or
L ; # f (t) dtE = 1 F (s)
s
0
Option (A) is correct.
From the Trapezoidal Method
b
#a f (x) dx = h2 6f (x0) + 2f (x1) + 2f (x2) .....2f (xn - 1) + f (xn)@ ...(i)
Interval h = 2p - 0 = p
8
4

Find

d
o
n

.
w

2p

#0 sin xdx

Here f (x) = sin x

Table for the interval of p/4 is as follows


Angle q

f (x) = sin x 0

p
4

p
2

0.707 1

3p
4

0.707 0

5p
4

3p
2

- 0.707 - 1

7p
4

2p

- 0.707 0

Now from equation(i),


2p

#0 sin xdx

= p [0 + 2 (0.707 + 1 + 0.707 + 0 - 0.707 - 1 - 0.0707 + 0)]


8
= p #0 = 0
8

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Sol. 72

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Option (D) is correct.


The X and Y be two independent random variables.
So,
E (XY) = E (X) E (Y)
& covariance is defined as
Cov (X, Y) = E (XY) - E (X) E (Y)
= E (X) E (Y) - E (X) E (Y)

(i)

From eqn. (i)

=0
For two independent random variables
Var (X + Y) = Var (X) + Var (Y)
and
E (X 2 Y 2) = E (X 2) E (Y 2)
So, option (D) is incorrect.
Sol. 73

Option (B) is correct.

n
i
.
o
c
2

ex - b1 + x + x l
2
f (x) = lim
3
x"0
x
ex - (1 + x)
= lim
x"0
3x2
x
= lim e - 1
x " 0 6x

Let,

.
a
i

d
o

0 form
0
0 form
0
0 form
0

x
0
= lim e = e = 1
6
6
x"0 6

Sol. 74

.n
w

Option (B) is correct.

2 1
H
A =>
0 2
Let l is the eigen value of the given matrix then characteristic matrix is
1 0
A - lI = 0
H = Identity matrix
Here I = >
0 1
2-l
1
=0
0 2-l
Let,

(2 - l) 2 = 0
l = 2, 2
So, only one eigen vector.
Sol. 75

Option (D) is correct.


Column I
P. Gauss-Seidel method

4. Linear algebraic equation

Q. Forward Newton-Gauss method

1. Interpolation

R. Runge-Kutta method

2. Non-linear differential equation

S. Trapezoidal Rule

3. Numerical integration

So, correct pairs are, P-4, Q-1, R-2, S-3


Sol. 76

Option (B) is correct.


2
dy
Given :
+ 2xy = e-x and y (0) = 1
dx
It is the first order linear differential equation so its solution is
y (I.F.) =

# Q (I.F.) dx + C

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ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

I.F. = e # Pdx = e # 2xdx

So,

x2

= e2 # xdx = e2 # 2 = ex

compare with
dy
+ P (y) = Q
dx

The complete solution is,


yex =

# e-x # ex dx + C

# dx + C = x + C

Sol. 77

Sol. 78

...(i)
y = x +x2 c
e
Given
y (0) = 1
At
x =0 &y=1
Substitute in equation (i), we get
1 =C &C=1
1
2
Then
y = x +x2 1 = (x + 1) e-x
e
Option (C) is correct.
The incorrect statement is, S = {x : x ! A and x ! B} represents the union of set
A and set B .
The above symbol (!) denotes intersection of set A and set B . Therefore this
statement is incorrect.

in
.
o
c

.
a
i

Option (D) is correct.


Total number of items = 100
Number of defective items = 20
Number of Non-defective items = 80
Then the probability that both items are defective, when 2 items are selected at
random is,
20!
20 # 19
80
20
C
18
2 C0
2
= ! 2! =
= 19
P = 100
100 # 99
495
C2
100!
2
98!2!

.
w

d
o
n

Alternate Method :

Sol. 79

Here two items are selected without replacement.


Probability of first item being defective is
P1 = 20 = 1
100 5
After drawing one defective item from box, there are 19 defective items in the 99
remaining items.
Probability that second item is defective,
P2 = 19
899
then probability that both are defective
P = P1 # P2 = 1 # 19 = 19
5
99 495
Option (A) is correct.
3 2
H
Given :
S =>
2 3
Eigen values of this matrix is 5 and 1. We can say l1 = 1 l2 = 5

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ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Then the eigen value of the matrix


S 2 = S S is l12 , l22
Because. if l1, l2, l3 .... are the eigen values of A, then eigen value of Am are
l1m, lm2 , lm3 ....
Hence matrix S 2 has eigen values (1) 2 and (5) 2 & 1 and 25
Sol. 80

Option (B) is correct.


Given
f (x) = (x - 8) 2/3 + 1
The equation of line normal to the function is
(y - y1) = m2 (x - x1)
Slope of tangent at point (0, 5) is
m1 = f l (x) = :2 (x - 8) -1/3D
3
(0, 5)
1
2
-1/3
m1 = f l (x) = (- 8)
=- 2 (23) - 3 =- 1
3
3
3
We know the slope of two perpendicular curves is - 1.

...(i)

n
i
.
o
c

m1 m2 =- 1
m2 =- 1 = - 1 = 3
m1 - 1/3
The equation of line, from equation (i) is

d
o

.
a
i

(y - 5) = 3 (x - 0)

n
.
#w
w

y = 3x + 5

Sol. 81

Option (A) is correct.


f (x) =

Let

p/3

0
it p/3
ip/3
p
eit dt = :e D & e - e = 1 6e 3 i - 1@
i 0
i
i
i

= 1 9cos p + i sin p - 1C = 1 ;1 + i 3 - 1E = 1 ;- 1 + 3 iE
i
3
3
i 2
2
i 2
2

Sol. 82

i2 =- 1

= i ; 1 - 3 iE = 1 i - 3 i 2 = 3 + 1 i
2
2
2
2
2
2

Option (B) is correct.


Given

2
f (x) = 2x2 - 7x + 3
5x - 12x - 9

2
lim f (x) = lim 2x2 - 7x + 3
x"3
x " 3 5x - 12x - 9
Applying L Hospital rule
= lim 4x - 7
x " 3 10x - 12
Substitute the limit, we get
lim f (x) = 4 # 3 - 7 = 12 - 7 = 5
10 # 3 - 12 30 - 12 18
x"3
Option (A) is correct.
(P) Singular Matrix " Determinant is zero A = 0
(Q) Non-square matrix " An m # n matrix for which m ! n , is called nonsquare matrix. Its determinant is not defined
(R) Real Symmetric Matrix " Eigen values are always real.
(S) Orthogonal Matrix " A square matrix A is said to be orthogonal if AAT = I
Its determinant is always one.

Then

Sol. 83

= 1 # i ;- 1 + 3 iE =- i ;- 1 + 3 iE
2
2
i
i 2
2

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Sol. 84

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Option (B) is correct.


d 2y
dy
2x
Given :
2 + 4 dx + 3y = 3e
dx
d =D
dx

[D2 + 4D + 3] y = 3e2x
The auxiliary Equation is,
Then

Sol. 85

Option (C) is correct.

m2 + 4m + 3 = 0 & m =- 1, - 3
C.F. = C1 e-x + C2 e-3x
2x
3e2x
P.I. = 2 3e
=
D + 4D + 3 (D + 1) (D + 3)
2x
2x
3e2x
=
= 3e = e
3
5
5
(2 + 1) (2 + 3)
#

Put D = 2

where G = I = Identity matrix


EF = G
Rcos q - sin q 0V
R1 0 0V
W
W
S
S
cos q 0W # F = S0 1 0W
S sin q
SS 0
SS0 0 1WW
0 1WW
X
X
T
T
We know that the multiplication of a matrix and its inverse be a identity matrix
Given

in
.
o
c

AA-1 = I
So, we can say that F is the inverse matrix of E
[adj.E]
F = E -1 =
E
Rcos q - (sin q) 0VT
R cos q sin q 0V
W
S
S
W
adjE = S sin q
cos q 0W = S- sin q cos q 0W
SS
SS 0
0 1WW
0
0 1WW
X
T
T
X
E = 6cos q # (cos q - 0)@ - 8^- sin qh # ^sin q - 0hB + 0

.
a
i

Sol. 86

d
o
n

.
w

= cos2 q + sin2 q = 1
R cos q sin q 0V
W
6adj.E @ S
Hence,
= S- sin q cos q 0W
F =
E
SS
0
0 1WW
X
T
Option (B) is correct.
The probability density function is,
1+t
for - 1 # t # 0
f (t) = )
1-t
for 0 # t # 1
For standard deviation first we have to find the mean and variance of the function.

Mean (t ) =
=

#-13t f (t) dt
0

#-1 t (1 + t) dt + #0

#-1 (t + t2) dt + #0

t (1 - t) dt

(t - t2) dt

2
3 0
2
3 1
= :t + t D + :t - t D = :- 1 + 1 D + :1 - 1 D = 0
2 3 -1
2 3 0
2 3
2 3

And

variance ^s2h =

#- 33 (t - t ) 2 f (t) dt

t=0

#-1 t2 (1 + t) dt + #0

#-1 (t2 + t3) dt + #0

t2 (1 - t) dt

(t2 - t3) dt

3
4 0
3
4 1
= :t + t D + :t - t D
3 4 -1
3 4 0

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=-:- 1 + 1 D + :1 - 1 - 0D = 1 + 1 = 1
3 4
3 4
12 12 6
Now, standard deviation
1 = 1
6
6

(s2) s =
Sol. 87

Option (A) is correct.


The Stokes theorem is,

##S (4 # F) : ndS = ##S (Curl F) : dS


Here we can see that the line integral # F : dr and surface integral ## (Curl F) : ds
C
S
#C F : dr

is related to the stokes theorem.

Sol. 88

Option (B) is correct.


Let,
P = defective items
Q = non-defective items
10% items are defective, then probability of defective items
P = 0.1
Probability of non-defective item

n
i
.
o
c

.
a
i

Q = 1 - 0.1 = 0.9
The Probability that exactly 2 of the chosen items are defective is
= 10 C2 (P) 2 (Q) 8 = 10! (0.1) 2 (0.9) 8
8!2!

d
o

.n
w #

= 45 # (0.1) 2 # (0.9) 8 = 0.1937

Sol. 89

Option (A) is correct.

Let

f (x) =
=

-a

(sin6 x + sin7 x) dx

#-a sin6 xdx + #-a sin7 xdx

We know that

#-a f (x) dx

0
=* a
2 # f (x)
0

when f (- x) =- f (x); odd function


when f (- x) = f (x); even function

Now, here sin x is an even function and sin7 x is an odd function. Then,
a

f (x) = 2 # sin6 xdx + 0 = 2 # sin6 xdx


0

Sol. 90

Option (C) is correct.


We know, from the Echelon form the rank of any matrix is equal to the Number
of non zero rows.
Here order of matrix is 3 # 4 , then, we can say that the Highest possible rank of
this matrix is 3.

Sol. 91

Option (A) is correct.


Given

I =

#0 #p/4 f (x, y) dydx

We can draw the graph from the limits of the integration, the limit of y is from
x = 0 to x = 8
y = x to y = 2 . For x the limit is
4

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Here we change the order of the integration. The limit of x is 0 to 8 but we have
to find the limits in the form of y then x = 0 to x = 4y and limit of y is 0 to 2
8

#0 #x/4 f (x, y) dydx

So

#0 #0

4y

f (x, y) dxdy =

#r #p

f (x, y) dxdy

Comparing the limits and get


r = 0 , s = 2 , p = 0 , q = 4y
Sol. 92

Option (A) is correct.

R
V
S5 0 0 0W
S0 5 0 0W
Let,
A =S
W
S0 0 2 1W
S0 0 3 1W
T
X
The characteristic equation for eigen values is given by,
A - lI = 0

in
.
o
c

.
a
i

d
o
n

.
w

Solving this, we get

5-l
0
0
0
0 5-l
0
0
A=
=0
0
0 2-l
1
0
0
3 1-l

(5 - l) (5 - l) [(2 - l) (1 - l) - 3] = 0
(5 - l) 2 [2 - 3l + l2 - 3] = 0
So,

(5 - l) 2 (l2 - 3l - 1) = 0
(5 - l) 2 = 0 & l = 5 , 5 and l2 - 3l - 1 = 0

- (- 3) ! 9 + 4
= 3 + 13 , 3 - 13
2
2
2
The eigen values are l = 5 , 5, 3 + 13 , 3 - 13
2
2
R V
Sx1W
Sx2W
Let
X1 = S W
Sx 3W
Sx 4W
T X
be the eigen vector for the eigen value l = 5
Then,
(A - lI ) X1 = 0
(A - 5I ) X1 = 0
R
VR V
S0 0 0 0WSx1W
S0 0 0 0WSx2W
S0 0 - 3 1WSx W = 0
S
WS 3W
S0 0 3 - 4WSx 4W
T
XT X
l =

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- 3x 3 + x 4 = 0
3x 3 - 4x 4 = 0

or
This implies that x 3 = 0 , x 4 = 0
Let
x1 = k1 and x2 = k2
So, eigen vector,

Sol. 93

Option (C) is correct.

R V
Sk1W
Sk2W
X1 = S W
S0W
S0W
T X

where k1 , k2 e R

...(i)
x+y = 2
...(ii)
1.01x + 0.99y = b , db = 1 unit
We have to find the change in x in the solution of the system. So reduce y From
the equation (i) and (ii).
Multiply equation (i) by 0.99 and subtract from equation (ii)
Given :

n
i
.
o
c

1.01x + 0.99y - (0.99x + 0.99y) = b - 1.98


1.01x - 0.99x = b - 1.98

.
a
i

0.02x = b - 1.98
Differentiating both the sides, we get

Sol. 94

d
o

Sol. 95

.n
w

Option (A) is correct.


Given,
x (u, v) = uv
dx = v ,
du
And y (u, v) = v
u
2y
=- v2
2u
u
We know that,
R2x
S
2u
f (u, v) = S2y
S
S2u
T v
f (u, v) = >- 2v
u
Option (D) is correct.

0.02dx = db
dx = 1 = 50 unit
0.02

db = 1

dx = u
dv

2y
=1
2v u
2x VW
2v W
2y W
2v W
u X
1 H = v # 1 - u # - v = v + v = 2v
a u2 k
u u
u
u
u

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Radius of sphere r = 1
Radius of cone = R
Height of the cone = H
Finding the relation between the volume and Height of the cone
From DOBD ,
OB 2 = OD 2 + BD 2
1 = (H - 1) 2 + R2 = H 2 + 1 - 2H + R2
Given :
Let,

R2 + H 2 - 2H = 0
R2 = 2H - H 2
Volume of the cone,
V = 1 pR 2 H
3
2
Substitute the value of R from equation (i), we get
V = 1 p (2H - H 2) H = 1 p (2H 2 - H 3)
3
3
Differentiate V w.r.t to H
dV = 1 p [4H - 3H 2]
3
dH

...(i)

in
.
o
c

d 2 V = 1 p [4 - 6H]
3
dH 2
For minimum and maximum value, using the principal of minima and maxima.
Put dV = 0
dH
1 p [4H - 3H 2] = 0
3
H [4 - 3H] = 0 & H = 0 and H = 4
3
Again differentiate

.
a
i

d
o
n

d 2 V = 1 p 4 - 6 4 = 1 p [4 - 8] =- 4 p < 0 (Maxima)
# 3D 3
3 :
3
dH 2
d 2 V = 1 p [4 - 0] = 4 p > 0
And at H = 0 ,
(Minima)
3
3
dH 2
So, for the largest volume of cone, the value of H should be 4/3

At H = 4 ,
3

Sol. 96

.
w

Option (D) is correct.


2 ln (x)
dy
Given :
x2
+ 2xy =
x
dx
2 ln (x)
dy 2y
+
=
x
dx
x3

Comparing this equation with the differential equation

dy
+ P (y) = Q we
dx

2 ln (x)
have P = 2 and Q =
x
x3
The integrating factor is,
2

I.F.= e # Pdx = e # x dx
2

e2 lnx = e lnx = x2
Complete solution is written as,
y (I.F.) =
y (x2) =
Integrating the value

# Q (I.F.) dx + C
x
2
# 2 ln
# x dx + C
x3

# ln x # x1 dx

Separately

= 2 # ln x # 1 dx + C
x
(II)

(I)

...(i)

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I =

Let,

# ln x # x1 dx
(I)

(II)

d (ln x)
1
# &dx
# # x dx 0 dx

= ln x # 1 dx x
= ln x ln x -

...(ii)

# x1 # ln xdx

From equation(ii)

1 4 44 2
4 44 3
I
2I = (ln x) 2
(ln x) 2
2
Substitute the value from equation (iii) in equation (i),
2 (ln x) 2
y (x2) =
+C
2
I =

or

x2 y = (ln x) 2 + C
Given y (1) = 0 , means at x = 1 &y = 0

n
i
.
o
c

...(iii)

...(iv)

then
0 = (ln 1) 2 + C & C = 0
So from equation (iv), we get

d
o

Now at x = e ,
Sol. 97

Sol. 98

.
a
i

x2 y = (ln x) 2
(ln e) 2
y (e) =
= 12
e2
e

Option (A) is correct.


Potential function of v = x2 yz at P (1, 1, 1) is = 12 # 1 # 1 = 1 and at origin
O (0, 0, 0) is 0.
Thus the integral of vector function from origin to the point (1, 1, 1) is

.n
w

= 6x2 yz @ P - 6x2 yz @O
= 1-0 = 1

Option (C) is correct.


Let,
f (x) = x3 + 3x - 7
From the Newton Rapsons method
f (xn)
xn + 1 = xn f l (xn)
We have to find the value of x1 , so put n = 0 in equation (i),
f (x 0)
x1 = x 0 f l (x 0)

Sol. 99

f (x) = x3 + 3x - 7
f (x 0) = 13 + 3 # 1 - 7 = 1 + 3 - 7 =- 3
f l (x) = 3x2 + 3
f l (x 0) = 3 # (1) 2 + 3 = 6
(- 3)
Then,
x1 = 1 = 1 + 3 = 1 + 1 = 3 = 1.5
6
6
2 2
Option (D) is correct.
We know a die has 6 faces and 6 numbers so the total number of ways
= 6 # 6 = 36
And total ways in which sum is either 8 or 9 is 9, i.e.
(2, 6), (3, 6) (3, 5) (4, 4) (4, 5) (5, 4) (5, 3) (6, 2) (6, 3)
Total number of tosses when both the 8 or 9 numbers are not come

...(i)

x0 = 1

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= 36 - 9 = 27
Sol. 100

Then probability of not coming sum 8 or 9 is, = 27 = 3


36
4
Option (C) is correct.
d 2y
dy
Given :
+ p + qy = 0
dx
dx2
The solution of this equation is given by,
y = c1 emx + c2 enx
Here m & n are the roots of ordinary differential equation
Given solution is,
y = c1 e-x + c2 e-3x
Comparing equation (i) and (ii), we get m =- 1 and n =- 3
Sum of roots,
m + n =- p
- 1 - 3 =- p & p = 4
and product of roots,
mn = q

...(i)
...(ii)

(- 1) (- 3) = q & q = 3
Sol. 101

in
.
o
c

Option (C) is correct.


d 2y
dy
Given :
+ p + (q + 1) y = 0
dx
dx2

.
a
i

d =D
dx

[D2 + pD + (q + 1)] y = 0
From the previous question, put p = 4 and m = 3
[D2 + 4D + 4] y = 0
The auxilliary equation of equation (i) is written as

d
o
n

...(i)

m2 + 4m + 4 = 0 & m =- 2, - 2
Here the roots of auxiliary equation are same then the solution is

.
w

y = (c1 + c2 x) emx = xe-2x

Sol. 102

Option (C) is correct.


Given :
x = a (q + sin q), y = a (1 - cos q)
First differentiate x w.r.t. q,
dx = a [1 + cos q]
dq

And differentiate y w.r.t. q


dy
dq
dy
We know,
dx
dy
Substitute the values of
dq
dy
dx

Sol. 103

Let c1 = 0
o
c2 = 1

= a [0 - (- sin q)] = a sin q


dy
dq = dy/dq
dq # dx dx/dq
and dx
dq
2 sin q2 cos q2
1
= a sin q #
= sin q =
a [1 + cos q] 1 + cos q
2 cos2 q2
q
sin 2
=
= tan q
cos q + 1 = 2 cos2 q
2
2
cos q2
=

Option (C) is correct.


Given : P (0.866, 0.500, 0), so we can write
P = 0.866i + 0.5j + 0k
Q = (0.259, 0.966, 0), so we can write

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Q = 0.259i + 0.966j + 0k
For the coplanar vectors
P : Q = P Q cos q
P:Q
cos q =
P Q
P : Q = (0.866i + 0.5j + 0k) : (0.259i + 0.966j + 0k)
= 0.866 # 0.259 + 0.5 # 0.966
0.866 # 0.259 + 0.5 # 0.966
(0.866) 2 + (0.5) 2 + (0.259) 2 + (0.966) 2
0.70729
= 0.707
= 0.22429 + 0.483 =
0.99 # 1.001
0.99 # 1.001
q = cos-1 (0.707) = 45c

cos q =

So,

Sol. 104

Option (B) is correct.

.
a
i

d
o

1+5+1 = 7
Sol. 105

Sol. 106

n
i
.
o
c

R1 2 3V
S
W
Let
A = S1 5 1W
SS3 1 1WW
We know that the sum of the Teigen value
X of a matrix is equal to the sum of the
diagonal elements of the matrix
So, the sum of eigen values is,
Option (D) is correct.
Given : Total number of cards = 52 and two cards are drawn at random.
Number of kings in playing cards = 4
So the probability that both cards will be king is given by,

.n
w

4
3
P = 52C1 # 51C1 = 4 # 3 = 1
52
51 221
C1
C1

Cr =

Option (B) is correct.

Given :

0,
U (t - a) = *
1,

for t < a
for t $ a

From the definition of Laplace Transform


L [F (t)] =
L 6U (t - a)@ =
=

#0 3e-st f (t) dt
#0 3e-st U (t - a) dt
#0

a -st

(0) +

#a 3e-st (1) dt = 0 + #a 3e-st dt

-as
-as
-st 3
L 6U (t - a)@ = :e D = 0 - :e D = e
-s
s
-s a

Sol. 107

Option (D) is correct.


First we have to make the table from the given data

n
r n-r

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Take x 0 = 0 and h = 1
P = x - x0 = x
h
From Newtons forward Formula
P (P - 1) 2
P (P - 1) (P - 2) 3
f (x) = f (x 0) + P Df (0) +
D f (0) +
D f (0)
1
2
3
x (x - 1) 2
x (x - 1) (x - 2) 3
= f (0) + xDf (0) +
D f (0) +
D f (0)
2
6
x (x - 1)
x (x - 1) (x - 2)
= 1 + x (1) +
(- 2) +
(12)
2
6
Then

= 1 + x - x (x - 1) + 2x (x - 1) (x - 2)
f (x) = 2x3 - 7x2 + 6x + 1
Sol. 108

Option (A) is correct.


V =

Given :

p/3

2p

#0 #0 #0

r2 sin fdrdfdq

First integrating the term of r , we get


V =

p/3

2p

#0 #0

Integrating the term of f, we have


V =1
3

#0

2p

.
w

2p

#0 #0

p/3

1 sin fdfdq
3

.
a
i

p/3
6- cos f@0 dq

d
o
n

=- 1
3
=- 1
3

in
.
o
c

r3 1
: 3 D sin fdfdq =
0

1 2p 1
p
9cos 3 - cos 0C dq =- 3 #0 :2 - 1D dq
2p
2p
#0 b- 12 ldq =- 13 # b- 12 l #0 dq

#0

2p

Now, integrating the term of q, we have


V = 1 6q@ 20p = 1 [2p - 0] = p
6
6
3
Sol. 109

Option (A) is correct.

R8
S
Let,
A =S 4
SS12
T
For singularity of the matrix A = 0
8 x 0
4 0 2 =0
12 6 0

x
0
6

0VW
2W
0WW
X

8 [0 - 2 # 6] - x [0 - 24] + 0 [24 - 0] = 0
8 # (- 12) + 24x = 0
- 96 + 24x = 0 & x = 96 = 4
24
Sol. 110

Option (A) is correct


Let,

2
2
f (x) = lim sin x = lim sin x # x
x
x
x
x"0
x"0
2
= lim b sin x l # x
x
x"0

lim sin x = 1
x"0 x

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= (1) 2 # 0 = 0
Alternative :
2

f (x) = lim sin x


x
x"0
f (x) = lim 2 sin x cos x
1
x"0
= lim sin 2x = sin 0 = 0
1
1
x"0

Let

Sol. 111

Option (D) is correct.


Accuracy of Simpsons rule quadrature is O (h5).

Sol. 112

Option (C) is correct.

0
: 0 formD
Apply L-Hospital rule

4 1
A =>
1 4H
The characteristic equation for the eigen value is given by,
Let,

n
i
.
o
c

A - lI = 0
4 1
1 0
>1 4H - l >0 1H = 0
4-l
1

1 0
I = Identity matrix >
0 1H

.
a
i

1
=0
4-l

d
o

(4 - l) (4 - l) - 1 = 0

.n
w

(4 - l) - 1 = 0
l2 - 8l + 15 = 0
Solving above equation, we get
Sol. 113

Option (C) is correct.


Given :

l = 5, 3

x + 2y + z = 6
2x + y + 2z = 6

x+y+z = 5
Comparing to Ax = B ,we get
R1 2
S
A = S2 1
SS1 1
T
Write the system of simultaneous equations
R1 2 1 : 6V
S
W
6A: B@ = S2 1 2 : 6W
SS1 1 1 : 5WW
TR1 2 1 : X6V
W
S
+ S0 - 3 0 : - 6W
SS0 1 0 : 4WW
RT1 2 1 : 6VX
W
S
+ S0 - 3 0 : - 6W
SS0 0 0 : 6WW
X
T
It is a echelon form of matrix.
Since r 6A@ = 2 and r 5A: B? = 3

R6V
1VW
S W
2W, B = S6W
SS5WW
1WW
X
T X
in the form of Augmented matrix,
R2 " R2 - 2R1 and R 3 " 2R 3 - R2

R 3 " 3R 3 + R2

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r [A] ! r [A: B ]
So, the system has no solution and system is inconsistent.
Sol. 114

Option (B) is correct.


Given : y = x2 and y = x .
The shaded area shows the area, which is bounded by the both curves.

Solving given equation, we get the intersection points as,


In y = x2 putting y = x we have x = x2 or x2 - x = 0 which gives x = 0, 1
Then from y = x we can see that curve y = x2 and y = x intersects at point (0, 0)
and (1, 1). So, the area bounded by both the curves is
y=x

x=1

A=

x=0

# dydx =

Area is never negative


Sol. 115

i
d

y=x

x=1

# (x

.
w

x=0

x=1

dy =

dx

y=x

dx 6y @xx

x=0

Option (A) is correct.


dy
+ y2 = 0
dx
dy
=- y2
dx
dy
- 2 = dx
y
Integrating both the sides, we have
dy
- # 2 = # dx
y

y-1 = x + c & y =
Sol. 116

y=x

x=1

3
2 1
- x) = :x - x D = 1 - 1 =- 1 = 1 unit2
3
2 0 3 2
6
6

o
n

x=0

in
.
# o
#
#
c
a.

1
x+c

Option (C) is correct.


Given :
F = xi - yj
First Check divergency, for divergence,
= 1-1 = 0

Grade F = 4:F = ; 2 i + 2 j + 2 k E:6xi - yj @


2x
2y
2z

So we can say that F is divergence free.


Now checking the irrationalit;. For irritation the curl F = 0
Curl F = 4# F = ; 2 i + 2 j + 2 k E # [xi - yj]
2x
2y
2z

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R
Si
= S2
S2x
Sx
T
So, vector field is irrotational. We
and irrotational.
Sol. 117

V
kW
2 W = i [0 - 0] - j [0 - 0] + k [0 - 0] = 0
2z W
0W
X
can say that the vector field is divergence free
j
2
2y
-y

Option (B) is correct.


Let
f (t) = sin wt
From the definition of Laplace transformation
L [F (t)] =
=

#0 3e-st f (t) dt
#0 3e-st b e

iwt

#0 3e-st sin wtdt

- e-iwt dt
l
2i

n
i
.
o
c

iwt
-iwt
3
sin wt = e - e
= 1 # (e-st eiwt - e-st e-iwt) dt
2i 0
2i
3
= 1 # 6e(- s + iw) t - e- (s + iw) t@ dt
2i 0
Integrating above equation, we get

a.

- (s + iw) t
(- s + iw) t
sin wt = 1 = e
- e
2i - s + iw - (s + iw)G
0

di

o
n
.
w

- (s + iw) t
(- s + iw) t
= 1 =e
+e
2i - s + iw (s + iw)G
0
Substitute the limits, we get
-0
e0
sin wt = 1 =0 + 0 - e
+ e
2i
(- s + iw) s + iw oG
=- 1 ; s + iw + iw - s E
2i (- s + iw) (s + iw)
2iw
=- 1 #
= -w
= 2w 2
2i
(iw) 2 - s 2 - w2 - s 2
w +s
Alternative :
From the definition of Laplace transformation

L [F (t)] =
We know
Then,

#0 3e-st sin wtdt

eat a sin bt - b cos bt


@
a + b2 6
3
-st
L [sin wt] = ; 2e 2 ^- s sin wt - w cos wt hE
s +w
0

# eat sin btdt

a =- s and
o
b=w

-3
-0
= ; 2e 2 (- s sin 3 - w cos 3)E - ; 2 e 2 (- s sin 0 - w cos 0)E
s +w
s +w
= 0 - 2 1 2 [0 - w] =- 2 1 2 (- w)
s +w
s +w
w
L [sin wt] = 2
s + w2

Sol. 118

Option (D) is correct.


Given : black balls = 5, Red balls = 5, Total balls=10
Here, two balls are picked from the box randomly one after the other without
replacement. So the probability of both the balls are red is

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5!
5!
5
# 3!2!
n
C
0
!
5
!
0 # C2
#
= 1 # 10 = 10 = 2 n Cr =
P =
=
10
45
45 9
C2
10!
r n-r
3!2!
5

Alternate Method :
Black balls = 5 ,
Red balls = 5
Total balls = 10
The probability of drawing a red bell,
P1 = 5 = 1
10 2
If ball is not replaced, then box contains 9 balls.
So, probability of drawing the next red ball from the box.
P2 = 4
9
Hence, probability for both the balls being red is,
P = P1 # P2 = 1 # 4 = 2
2
9 9
Option (A) is correct.
We know that a dice has 6 faces and 6 numbers so the total number of cases
(outcomes) = 6 # 6 = 36
And total ways in which sum of the numbers on the dices is eight,
(2, 6) (3, 5) (4, 4) (5, 3) (6, 2)
So, the probability that the sum of the numbers eight is,
p = 5
36
Option (D) is correct.
We have to draw the graph on x -y axis from the given functions.
Given :

Sol. 119

in
.
o
c

.
a
i

Sol. 120

.
w

d
o
n

-x
f (x) = * 0
x

x #- 1
x=0
x$1

It clearly shows that f (x) is differential at x =- 1, x = 0 and x = 1,


i.e. in the domain [- 1, 1].
So, (a), (b) and (c) are differential and f (x) is maximum at (x, - x).
Sol. 121

Option (B) is correct.


If the scatter diagram indicates some relationship between two variables X and
Y , then the dots of the scatter diagram will be concentrated round a curve. This
curve is called the curve of regression.
Regression analysis is used for estimating the unknown values of one variable

GATE SOLVED PAPER - ME

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

corresponding to the known value of another variable.


Sol. 122

Option (B) is correct.


3x + 2y + z = 4
x-y+z = 2
- 2x + 2z = 5
The Augmented matrix of the given system of equation is
R 3 2 1 : 4V
W
S
6A : B@ = S 1 - 1 1 : 2W R 3 " R 3 + 2R2 , R2 " R2 - R1
SS- 2 0 2 : 5WW
XV
TR
S 3 2 1 : 4W
+ S- 2 - 3 0 : - 2W
SS 0 - 2 4 : 9WW
X
Here r 6A : B@ = r 6A@ = 3T = n (number of unknown)
Then the system of equation has a unique solution.
Given :

Sol. 123

n
i
.
o
c

Option (B) is correct.


Given :
f (x, y) = 2x2 + 2xy - y3
Partially differentiate this function w.r.t x and y ,
2f
2f
= 2x - 3y2
= 4x + 2y ,
2x
2y
For the stationary point of the function, put 2f/2x and 2f/2y equal to zero.
2f
...(i)
& 2x + y = 0
= 4x + 2y = 0
2x
2f
and
...(ii)
& 2x - 3y2 = 0
= 2x - 3y2 = 0
2y
From equation (i), y =- 2x substitute in equation (ii),

.
a
i

d
o

.n
w

2x - 3 (- 2x) 2 = 0
2x - 3 # 4x2 = 0
6x2 - x = 0 & x = 0 , 1
6

From equation (i),


For x = 0 ,
and for x = 1 ,
6
Sol. 124

y =- 2 # (0) = 0
y =- 2 # 1 =- 1
6
3
So, two stationary point at (0, 0) and b 1 , - 1 l
6
3
Option (B) is correct.
Sample space = (1, 1), (1, 2) ... (1, 8)
(2, 1), (2, 2)
(3, 1), (3, 2)
h
h
(8, 1), (8, 2)

f
f
h
f

(2, 8)
(3, 8)
h
(8, 8)

Total number of sample space = 8 # 8 = 64


Now, the favourable cases when Manish will arrive late at D
= (6, 8), (8, 6)...(8, 8)
Total number of favourable cases = 13

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ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Probability = Total number of favourable cases


Totol number of sample space
= 13
64

So,

Sol. 125

Option (B) is correct.


Divergence is defined as d:r
r = xi + yj + zk
d= 2 i+ 2 j+ 2 k
2x
2y
2z
d:r = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 k m:(xi + yj + zk)
2x
2y
2z

where
and
So,

d:r = 1 + 1 + 1 = 3
Sol. 126

Option (B) is correct.


x+y = 2
2x + 2y = 5
The Augmented matrix of the given system of equations is
1 1 : 2
6A : B@ = >2 2 : 5H
Applying row operation, R2 " R2 - 2R1
Given :

1 1 : 2

6A : B@ = >0 0 : 1H

in
.
o
c

.
a
i

r [A] = 1 ! r 6A : B@ = 2
So, the system has no solution.
Sol. 127

d
o
n

Option (D) is correct.

.
w

f (x) = x

Given :

if x > 0
if x = 0
f (x) = *
-x
if x < 0
f (0 - h) - f (0)
- (- h)
Lf l (x) = lim
= lim
- 0 =- 1
h"0
h"0
-h
-h
f (0 + h) - f (0)
Rf l (x) = lim
= lim h - 0 = 1
h"0
h"0
h
h
x
0

Since
Lfl (0) ! Rf l (0)
So, derivative of f (x) at x = 0 does not exist.
Sol. 128

Option (A) is correct.


The surface integral of the normal component of a vector function F taken
around a closed surface S is equal to the integral of the divergence of F taken
over the volume V enclosed by the surface S .
= ### div Fdv
V
So, Gauss divergence theorem relates surface integrals to volume integrals.

Mathematically
Sol. 129

## F:n dS
S

Option (A) is correct.


3

f l (x) = x2 - 1
f (x) = x - x
3
f m (x) = 2x
Using the principle of maxima minima and put f l (x) = 0
Given :

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ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

x2 - 1 = 0 & x = ! 1
Hence at x =- 1,
(Maxima)
f m (x) =- 2 < 0
(Minima)
at x = 1,
f m (x) = 2 > 0
So, f (x) is minimum at x = 1
Sol. 130

Option (B) is correct.

Ra V
S 1W
Let
A = Sb1W, B = 8a2 b2 c2B
SSc WW
1
T X
C = AB
Ra a a b a c V
Ra V
1 2W
1 2
S1 2
S 1W
Let
= Sb1W # 8a2 b2 c2B = Sb1 a2 b1 b2 b1 c2W
SSc a c b c c WW
SSc WW
1 2
1 2
1
1 2
X also zero. So
T 2 # 2 minors are
X
T
The 3 # 3 minor of this matrix is zero and all the
the rank of this matrix is 1.

n
i
.
o
c

r 6C @ = 1
Sol. 131

.
a
i

Option (D) is correct.

In a coin probability of getting head p = 1 and probability of getting tail,


2
q = 1-1 = 1
2 2

d
o

When unbiased coin is tossed three times, then total possibilities are
H H H
H H T
H T H
T H H
H T T
T T H
T H T
T T T

.n
w

From these cases, there are three cases, when head comes exactly two times.
So, the probability of getting head exactly two times, when coin is tossed 3 times
is,
2
P = 3C2 (p) 2 (q) 1 = 3 # b 1 l # 1 = 3
2
2
8
***********