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Mechanical Engineering

Engineering Mathematics

Copyright By NODIA & COMPANY

Information contained in this book has been obtained by authors, from sources believes to be reliable. However,

neither Nodia nor its authors guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information herein, and Nodia nor its

authors shall be responsible for any error, omissions, or damages arising out of use of this information. This book

is published with the understanding that Nodia and its authors are supplying information but are not attempting

to render engineering or other professional services.

B-8, Dhanshree Tower Ist, Central Spine, Vidyadhar Nagar, Jaipur 302039

Ph : +91 - 141 - 2101150

www.nodia.co.in

email : enquiry@nodia.co.in

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

YEAR 2013

Q. 1

Q. 2

Q. 3

ONE MARK

Numerical Integration Scheme

1. First

Q. Trapezoidal Rule

2. Second

3. Third

n

i

.

o

c

(A) Complex with non-zero positive imaginary part.

(B) Complex with non-zero negative imaginary part.

(C) real

(D) pure imaginary

.

a

i

d

o

2

The partial differential equation 2u + u2u = 2 u2 is a

2t

2x 2x

(A) linear equation of order 2

.n

w

Q. 4

(A) sin x, sin2 x and cos2 x

(B) cos x, sin x and tan x

(C) cos 2x , sin2 x and cos2 x

(D) cos 2x, sin x and cos x

YEAR 2013

Q. 5

TWO MARKS

The following surface integral is to be evaluated over a sphere for the given

steady velocity vector field F = xi + yj + zk defined with respect to a Cartesian

coordinate system having i, j and k as unit base vectors.

##S 14 ^F :n hdA

where S is the sphere, x2 + y2 + z2 = 1 and n is the outward unit normal vector

to the sphere. The value of the surface integral is

(A) p

(B) 2p

(C) 3p/4

(D) 4p

Q. 6

Q. 7

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

The function f ^ t h satisfies the differential equation ddtf + f = 0 and the auxillary

conditions, f ^0 h = 0, dfdt ^0 h = 4 . The Laplace Transform of f ^ t h is given by

(A) 2

(B) 4

s+1

s+1

(C) 2 4

(D) 4 2

s +1

s +1

2

(A) 4 e3 + 2

9

9

(C) 2 e3 + 4

9

9

Q. 8

(B) 2 e3 - 4

9

9

(D) 4 e3 - 2

9

9

2

dx = 0 where k is a constant,

subjected to the boundary conditions u ^0 h = 0 and u ^L h = U , is

kx

(B) u = U c 1 - ekL m

(A) u = U x

L

1-e

2

-kx

(C) u = U d 1 - e-kL n

1-e

Q. 9

x ln ^x h dx is

n

i

.

o

c

kx

(D) u = U d 1 + ekL n

1+e

.

a

i

The probability that a student knows the correct answer to a multiple choice

question is 23 . If the student does not know the answer, then the student guesses

the answer. The probability of the guessed answer being correct is 14 . Given that

the student has answered the question correctly, the conditional probability that

the student knows the correct answer is

(A) 2

(B) 3

3

4

(C) 5

(D) 8

6

9

d

o

.n

w

YEAR 2012

ONE MARK

Q. 10

The area enclosed between the straight line y = x and the parabola y = x2 in the

x -y plane is

(A) 1/6

(B) 1/4

(C) 1/3

(D) 1/2

Q. 11

, f (x) is

(A) continuous and differentiable

(B) non-continuous and differentiable

(C) continuous and non-differentiable

(D) neither continuous nor differentiable

Q. 12

Q. 13

x is

lim b 1 - cos

l

x"0

x2

(A) 1/4

(C) 1

(B) 1/2

(D) 2

(A) a maximum value

(B) a minimum value

(C) a singularity

(D) a point of inflection

Q. 14

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

For the spherical surface x2 + y2 + z2 = 1, the unit outward normal vector at the

point c 1 , 1 , 0 m is given by

2 2

(A) 1 i + 1 j

(B) 1 i - 1 j

2

2

2

2

1

1

(C) k

(D)

i+

j+ 1 k

3

3

3

YEAR 2012

Q. 15

TWO MARKS

1

is given by

s (s + 1)

(B) f (t) = e-t sin t

(D) f (t) = 1 - e-t

(A) f (t) = sin t

(C) f (t) = e-t

Q. 16

Q. 17

Q. 18

5 3

For the matrix A = >

, ONE of the normalized eigen vectors given as

1 3H

J 1 N

J 1N

K

O

K 2O

2O

O

(A) K

(B) K

K -1 O

KK 3 OO

K

O

2

L

P

L 2P

J 3 N

J 1 N

K

O

K

O

10 O

5O

(C) K

(D) K

K -1 O

K 2 O

K

K

O

O

10

L

P

L 5P

in

.

o

c

.

a

i

d

o

n

A box contains 4 red balls and 6 black balls. Three balls are selected randomly

from the box one after another, without replacement. The probability that the

selected set contains one red ball and two black balls is

(A) 1/20

(B) 1/12

(C) 3/10

(D) 1/2

.

w

boundary conditions of y (0) = 0 and y (1) = 1. The complete solution of the

differential equation is

(A) x2

(B) sin a px k

2

(C) ex sin a px k

(D) e-x sin a px k

2

2

Q. 19

x + 2y + z = 4

2x + y + 2z = 5

x-y+z = 1

The system of algebraic equations given above has

(A) a unique solution of x = 1, y = 1 and z = 1.

(B) only the two solutions of (x = 1, y = 1, z = 1) and (x = 2, y = 1, z = 0)

(C) infinite number of solutions

(D) no feasible solution

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

YEAR 2011

Q. 20

ONE MARK

2

4

3

5

(B) q - q + q - ...

(A) 1 - q + q - ...

2! 4!

3! 5!

2

(C) 1 + q + q + q + ...

2! 3!

Q. 21

(D) q + q + q + ...

3! 5!

q"0 q

(A) q

(B) sin q

(C) 0

(D) 1

Q. 22

n

i

.

o

c

(A) positive

(B) negative

.

a

i

(C) real

(D) complex

Q. 23

d

o

(A) 7 - 3i

(B) 3 - 4i

.n

w

(C) - 3 - 4i

Q. 24

(D) 7 + 3i

(A) 0

(B) a

(C) 2a

Q. 26

TWO MARKS

The integral # 1 dx , when evaluated by using Simpsons 1/3 rule on two equal

1 x

sub-intervals each of length 1, equals

(A) 1.000

(B) 1.098

(C) 1.111

(D) 1.120

3

dy

Consider the differential equation

= (1 + y2) x . The general solution with

dx

constant c is

2

(B) y = tan2 a x + c k

(A) y = tan x + tan c

2

2

(C) y = tan2 a x k + c

2

Q. 27

equals

(D) 2 # f (x) dx

YEAR 2011

Q. 25

#-a f (x) dx

(D) y = tan b x + c l

2

An unbiased coin is tossed five times. The outcome of each toss is either a head

or a tail. The probability of getting at least one head is

(A) 1

(B) 13

32

32

(C) 16

(D) 31

32

32

Q. 28

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2x1 + x2 + x 3 = 0

x2 - x 3 = 0

x1 + x 2 = 0

This system has

(A) a unique solution

(B) no solution

YEAR 2010

Q. 29

Q. 30

ONE MARK

of the solid of revolution is

(A) p/4

(B) p/2

(C) 3p/4

(D) 3p/2

d 3f

f d 2f

= 0 , is a

3 + 2

dh2

dh

(A) second order nonlinear ordinary differential equation

in

.

o

c

(C) third order linear ordinary differential equation

(D) mixed order nonlinear ordinary differential equation

Q. 31

(A) - p

.

w

(C) p/2

Q. 32

is

(B) - p/2

(D) p

1 - 2i

(A) 5

(C) 1/ 5

Q. 33

.

a

i

d

o

n

#- 3 1 dx

+ x2

3

(B)

(D) 1/5

The function y = 2 - 3x

(A) is continuous 6x ! R and differentiable 6x ! R

(B) is continuous 6x ! R and differentiable 6x ! R except at x = 3/2

(C) is continuous 6x ! R and differentiable 6x ! R except at x = 2/3

(D) is continuous 6x ! R except x = 3 and differentiable 6x ! R

YEAR 2010

Q. 34

TWO MARKS

2 2

H is

One of the eigen vectors of the matrix A = >

1 3

2

(A) > H

-1

4

(C) > H

1

2

(B) > H

1

1

(D) > H

-1

Q. 35

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

1

. The function f (t) is

s2 (s + 1)

(B) t + 1 + e-t

(D) 2t + et

(A) t - 1 + e-t

(C) - 1 + e-t

Q. 36

A box contains 2 washers, 3 nuts and 4 bolts. Items are drawn from the box at

random one at a time without replacement. The probability of drawing 2 washers

first followed by 3 nuts and subsequently the 4 bolts is

(A) 2/315

(B) 1/630

(C) 1/1260

Q. 37

(D) 1/2520

Torque exerted on a flywheel over a cycle is listed in the table. Flywheel energy

(in J per unit cycle) using Simpsons rule is

Angle (Degree)

60c

120c

Torque (N-m)

1066

- 323

(A) 542

(C) 1444

Q. 39

240c

300c

360c

323

- 355

n

i

.

o

c

(B) 993

(D) 1986

.

a

i

d

o

YEAR 2009

Q. 38

180c

ONE MARK

3/5 4/5

H, the transpose of the matrix is equal to the

For a matrix 6M @ = >

x 3/5

T

-1

inverse of the matrix, 6M @ = 6M @ . The value of x is given by

(A) - 4

(B) - 3

5

5

3

4

(C)

(D)

5

5

.n

w

The divergence of the vector field 3xzi + 2xyj - yz2 k at a point (1, 1, 1) is equal to

(A) 7

(B) 4

(C) 3

(D) 0

Q. 40

(A) 1 + et

(B) 1 - et

(D) 1 + e-t

(C) 1 - e-t

Q. 41

If three coins are tossed simultaneously, the probability of getting at least one

head is

(A) 1/8

(B) 3/8

(C) 1/2

(D) 7/8

YEAR 2009

Q. 42

TWO MARKS

f (z) = u (x, y) + iv (x, y) where i = - 1 . If u = xy , the expression for v should be

(x + y) 2

x2 - y2

(A)

(B)

+k

+k

2

2

(C)

y2 - x2

+k

2

(D)

(x - y) 2

+k

2

Q. 43

Q. 44

The solution of x

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

dy

+ y = x 4 with the condition y (1) = 6 is

5

dx

4

(A) y = x + 1

5 x

4

(B) y = 4x + 4

5

5x

4

(C) y = x + 1

5

5

(D) y = x + 1

5

A path AB in the form of one quarter of a circle of unit radius is shown in the

figure. Integration of (x + y) 2 on path AB traversed in a counter-clockwise sense

is

(A) p - 1

2

(C) p

2

Q. 45

Q. 47

(D) 1

.

a

i

The distance between the origin and the point nearest to it on the surface

z2 = 1 + xy is

(A) 1

(B) 3

2

(C)

Q. 46

in

.

o

c

(B) p + 1

2

.

w

d

o

n

(D) 2

(A) 16

(B) 8

3

(C) 32

(D) 16

3

and 1 is

(A) 1

(B) 1

12

3

5

7

(C)

(D)

12

12

YEAR 2008

Q. 48

(A) 1/4 !

(B) 2 4 /4!

(C) e2 /4!

Q. 49

ONE MARK

(D) e 4 /4!

(A) - 0.99

(B) - 0.16

(C) 0.16

(D) 0.99

Q. 50

Q. 51

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

1/3

The value of lim x - 2

x " 8 (x - 8)

(A) 1

16

(B) 1

12

(C) 1

8

(D) 1

4

A coin is tossed 4 times. What is the probability of getting heads exactly 3 times

?

(A) 1

(B) 3

8

4

(C) 1

2

Q. 52

(D) 3

4

R1 2 4V

W

S

The matrix S3 0 6W has one eigen value equal to 3. The sum of the

SS1 1 pWW

X

T

other two eigen value is

(A) p

(C) p - 2

Q. 53

(B) p - 1

(D) p - 3

.n

w

TWO MARKS

(A) 1

6

(C) 7

16

Q. 55

i

d

o

a.

(A) 0

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D) 3

YEAR 2008

Q. 54

n

i

.

o

c

## xydxdy ?

P

(B) 2

9

(D) 1

point

P = (1, 1, 2) in the direction of the vector a = 3i - 4j is

(A) - 4

(C) - 1

(B) - 2

(D) 1

Q. 56

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

For what value of a, if any will the following system of equation in x, y and z have

a solution ?

2x + 3y = 4

x+y+z = 4

3x + 2y - z = a

(B) 0

(C) 1

Q. 57

Q. 58

Q. 59

p/4

(A)

#0 tan xdx

(B)

#0 3 x2 1+ 1 dx

(C)

#0 3xe-x dx

(D)

#0

Q. 61

in

.

o

c

3

(A) 0.27

(B) 0.67

i

d

a.

(D) 1.22

1

1

1 2

The eigen vector of the matrix >

are written in the form > H and > H. What

H

a

b

0 2

is a + b ?

(A) 0

(B) 1/2

(C) 1

(D) 2

(C) 1

o

n

.

w

Let f = yx . What is

(A) 0

Q. 62

1 dx

1-x

The integral # f (z) dz evaluated around the unit circle on the complex plane for

f (z) = cos z is

z

(B) 4pi

(A) 2pi

(C) - 2pi

(D) 0

(C) 1

Q. 60

2f

at x = 2, y = 1 ?

2x2y

(B) ln 2

(D) 1

ln 2

(A) 0

(B) 0.37

(C) 0.62

(D) 1.13

YEAR 2007

Q. 63

(A) 0

(B) 1

(C) 25

(D) undefined

Q. 64

(A) are always real

(B) are always real and positive

(C) are always real and non-negative

(D) occur in complex conjugate pairs

ONE MARK

Q. 65

Q. 66

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

If j (x, y) and y (x, y) are functions with continuous second derivatives, then

j (x, y) + iy (x, y) can be expressed as an analytic function of x + iy (i = - 1),

when

2j

2j

2y 2j 2y

2y 2j 2y

(A)

(B)

=- ,

=

=- ,

=

2x

2x 2y 2y

2y

2x 2x 2y

2j 2j 2y 2y

22j 22j 22 y 22 y

(C)

(D)

+

=

+

=0

2 +

2 =

2 +

2 = 1

2x 2y 2x 2y

2x

2y

2x

2y

22 j 22 j 2j 2j

The partial differential equation

+

+

+

= 0 has

2x2 2y2 2x 2y

(A) degree 1 order 2

(B) degree 1 order 1

(C) degree 2 order 1

(D) degree 2 order 2

YEAR 2007

Q. 67

If y = x + x +

(A) 4 or 1

x + x + ......3 , then y ^2 h =

(B) 4 only

(C) 1 only

Q. 68

(D) undefined

.

a

i

d

o

Q. 69

Q. 70

(A) 1 (a - b) : (a - c)

(B) 1 (a - b) # (a - c)

2

2

(C) 1 a # b # c

(D) 1 (a # b) : c

2

2

dy

The solution of

= y2 with initial value y (0) = 1 bounded in the interval

dx

(B) - 3 # x # 1

(A) - 3 # x # 3

(C) x < 1, x > 1

(D) - 2 # x # 2

.n

w

#0

Q. 71

n

i

.

o

c

TWO MARKS

f (t) dt is

(A) 1 F (s)

s

s

(D) # F (s) d s

2p

#0 sin xdx

when evaluated using the calculator by trapezoidal method with 8 equal intervals,

to 5 significant digits is

(A) 0.00000

(B) 1.0000

(C) 0.00500

Q. 72

(D) 0.00025

Let X and Y be two independent random variables. Which one of the relations

between expectation (E), variance (Var) and covariance (Cov) given below is

FALSE ?

(A) E (XY ) = E (X ) E (Y )

(B) Cov (X, Y ) = 0

(C) Var (X + Y ) = Var (X ) + Var (Y )

(D) E (X 2 Y 2) = (E (X )) 2 (E (Y )) 2

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

ex - b1 + x + x l

2

lim

=

3

x"0

x

Q. 73

Q. 74

(A) 0

(B) 1/6

(C) 1/3

(D) 1

2 1

H is

The number of linearly independent eigen vectors of >

0 2

(A) 0

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D) infinite

YEAR 2006

Q. 75

ONE MARK

Column I

Column II

P. Gauss-Seidel method

1. Interpolation

3. Numerical integration

S. Trapezoidal Rule

.

a

i

Q. 76

(A) (1 + x) e+x

(C) (1 - x) e+x

Q. 77

in

.

o

c

R. Runge-Kutta method

d

o

n

.

w

2

dy

+ 2xy = e-x with y (0) = 1 is

dx

2

(B) (1 + x) e-x

(D) (1 - x) e-x

(A) S = {x : x > 3} represents the set of all real numbers greater than 3

(B) S = {x : x2 < 0} represents the empty set.

(D) S = {x : a < x < b} represents the set of all real numbers between a and b,

where a and b are real numbers.

Q. 78

A box contains 20 defective items and 80 non-defective items. If two items are

selected at random without replacement, what will be the probability that both

items are defective ?

(B) 1

(A) 1

5

25

(C) 20

(D) 19

99

495

YEAR 2006

Q. 79

TWO MARKS

3 2

H are 5 and 1. What are the eigen

Eigen values of a matrix S = >

2 3

values of the matrix S 2 = SS ?

(A) 1 and 25

(B) 6 and 4

(C) 5 and 1

(D) 2 and 10

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Q. 80

(A) y = 3x - 5

(B) y = 3x + 5

(C) 3y = x + 15

(D) 3y = x - 15

Q. 81

Assuming i =

(A)

3 + i1

2

2

(B)

(C) 1 + i 3

2

2

Q. 82

p/3

eit dt is

3 - i1

2

2

(D) 1 + i c1 - 3 m

2

2

2

If f (x) = 2x2 - 7x + 3 , then lim f (x) will be

x"3

5x - 12x - 9

(A) - 1/3

(C) 0

Q. 83

#0

(B) 5/18

n

i

.

o

c

(D) 2/5

.

a

i

Column I

Column II

P.

Singular matrix

Q.

Non-square matrix

R.

Real symmetric

S.

Orthogonal matrix

1.

d

o

.n

w

2.

3.

Determinant is zero

4.

5.

(C) P-3, Q-2, R-5, S-4

(D) P-3, Q-4, R-2, S-1

Q. 84

Q. 85

For

d 2y

dy

2x

2 + 4 dx + 3y = 3e , the particular integral is

dx

(A) 1 e2x

15

(B) 1 e2x

5

(C) 3e2x

Rcos q - sin q

S

E = S sin q

cos q

SS 0

0

T

What is the matrix F ?

Rcos q - sin q 0V

W

S

(A) S sin q

cos q 0W

SS 0

0 1WW

XV

TR

S cos q sin q 0W

(C) S- sin q cos q 0W

SS

0

0 1WW

X

T

F is G . matrices E

R1 0

0VW

S

0W and G = S0 1

SS0 0

1WW

T

X

and G are

0VW

0W

1WW

X

R cos q cos q 0V

W

S

(B) S- cos q sin q 0W

SS

0

0 1WW

TR

VX

S sin q - cos q 0W

(D) Scos q

sin q 0W

SS 0

0 1WW

X

T

Q. 86

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

f (t) = 1 + t for - 1 # t # 0

= 1 - t for 0 # t # 1

The standard deviation of the random variable is

(A) 1

(B) 1

3

6

(C) 1

3

(D) 1

6

YEAR 2005

Q. 87

ONE MARK

(A) a line integral and a surface integral

(B) a surface integral and a volume integral

(C) a line integral and a volume integral

(D) gradient of a function and its surface integral

Q. 88

Q. 89

a

(A) 2 # sin6 x dx

0

a

Q. 91

od

.n

w

.

a

i

is equal to

Q. 90

in

.

o

c

A lot has 10% defective items. Ten items are chosen randomly from this lot. The

probability that exactly 2 of the chosen items are defective is

(A) 0.0036

(B) 0.1937

(C) 0.2234

(D) 0.3874

(B) 2 # sin7 x dx

0

(D) zero

highest possible rank of A is

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4

leads to I =

(A) 4y

(C) x

#r #p

#0 #x

f (x, y) dydx

(B) 16 y2

(D) 8

YEAR 2005

Q. 92

R

S5

S0

Which one of the following is an eigen vector of the matrix S

S0

S0

R V

R V

S 1W

S0W

T

S- 2W

S0W

(A) S W

(B) S W

S 0W

S1W

S 0W

S0W

T X

T X

TWO MARKS

0

5

0

0

0

0

2

3

V

0W

0W

1WW

1W

X

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

R V

R V

S 1W

S 1W

S 0W

S- 1W

(C) S W

(D) S W

0

S W

S 2W

S- 2W

S 1W

T X

T X

With a 1 unit change in b, what is the change in x in the solution of the system

of equations x + y = 2, 1.01x + 0.99y = b ?

(A) zero

(B) 2 units

Q. 93

(C) 50 units

Q. 94

By a change of variable x (u, v) = uv, y (u, v) = v/u is double integral, the integrand

f (x, y) changes to f (uv, v/u) f (u, v). Then, f (u, v) is

(A) 2v/u

(B) 2uv

2

(C) v

(D) 1

Q. 95

The right circular cone of largest volume that can be enclosed by a sphere of 1 m

radius has a height of

(A) 1/3 m

(B) 2/3 m

n

i

.

o

c

.

a

i

(C) 2 2 m

(D) 4/3 m

3

2 ln (x)

dy

If x2

and y (1) = 0 , then what is y (e) ?

+ 2xy =

x

dx

(B) 1

(A) e

(D) 1/e2

(C) 1/e

d

o

Q. 96

n

.

#

w

w

The line integral V :dr of the vector V :(r) = 2xyzi + x2 zj + x2 yk from the

origin to the point P (1, 1, 1)

(A) is 1

(B) is zero

Q. 97

(C) is 1

Q. 98

x3 + 3x - 7 = 0 gives the next value (x1) as

(A) x1 = 0.5

(B) x1 = 1.406

(C) x1 = 1.5

(D) x1 = 2

Q. 99

A single die is thrown twice. What is the probability that the sum is neither 8

nor 9 ?

(A) 1/9

(B) 5/36

(C) 1/4

(D) 3/4

Q. 100

d 2y

dy

-x

+ c2 e-3x

2 + p dx + qy = 0 is y = c1 e

dx

Then p and q are

(A) p = 3, q = 3

(B) p = 3, q = 4

(C) p = 4, q = 3

(D) p = 4, q = 4

Q. 101

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

d 2y

dy

2 + p dx + (q + 1) y = 0

dx

(A) e-3x

(B) xe-x

(C) xe-2x

(D) x2 e-2x

YEAR 2004

Q. 102

ONE MARK

dy

will be equal to

dx

(B) cos b q l

2

(D) cot b q l

2

(A) sin b q l

2

(C) tan b q l

2

Q. 103

The angle between two unit-magnitude coplanar vectors P (0.866, 0.500, 0) and

Q (0.259, 0.966, 0) will be

(B) 30c

(D) 60c

(A) 0c

(C) 45c

Q. 104

R1

S

The sum of the eigen values of the matrix given below is S1

SS3

T

(A) 5

(B) 7

.

a

i

d

o

n

(C) 9

Q. 106

3VW

1W

1WW

X

TWO MARKS

From a pack of regular playing cards, two cards are drawn at random. What is

the probability that both cards will be Kings, if first card in NOT replaced ?

(A) 1

(B) 1

26

52

(C) 1

(D) 1

169

221

0, for t < a

A delayed unit step function is defined as U (t - a) = *

Its Laplace

1

t

$

a

,

for

transform is

-as

(A) ae-as

(B) e

s

as

(C) e

s

Q. 107

2

5

1

(D) 18

.

w

YEAR 2004

Q. 105

in

.

o

c

as

(D) e

a

x

f (x)

10

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Using Newtons forward difference formula, the cubic polynomial that can be

fitted to the above data, is

(A) 2x3 + 7x2 - 6x + 2

(B) 2x3 - 7x2 + 6x - 2

(C) x3 - 7x2 - 6x2 + 1

(D) 2x3 - 7x2 + 6x + 1

Q. 108

V=

2p

#0 #0

p/3

(A) p

3

(C) 2p

3

Q. 109

n

i

.

o

c

.

a

i

.n

w

(D) 12

ONE MARK

2

lim sin x is equal to

x

x"0

(A) 0

(C) 1

Q. 112

r2 sin fdrdfdq

(B) p

6

(D) p

4

d

o

YEAR 2003

Q. 111

For which value of x will the matrix given below become singular ?

R 8 x 0V

W

S

= S 4 0 2W

SS12 6 0WW

X(B) 6

T

(A) 4

(C) 8

Q. 110

#0

(B) 3

(D) - 1

(A) O (h2)

(B) O (h3)

(C) O (h 4)

(D) O (h5)

4 1

For the matrix >

the eigen values are

1 4H

(B) - 3 and - 5

(A) 3 and - 3

(C) 3 and 5

(D) 5 and 0

YEAR 2003

Q. 113

TWO MARKS

x + 2y + z = 6

2x + y + 2z = 6

x+y+z = 5

This system has

(A) unique solution

(C) no solution

Q. 114

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

The area enclosed between the parabola y = x2 and the straight line y = x is

(A) 1/8

(B) 1/6

(C) 1/3

Q. 115

(D) 1/2

(A) y =

1

x+c

dy

+ y2 = 0 is

dx

3

(B) y = - x + c

3

(C) cex

linear

Q. 116

(A) divergence free, but not irrotational

(B) irrotational, but not divergence free

(C) divergence free and irrotational

(D) neither divergence free nor irrational

Q. 117

(A) 2 s 2

(B) 2 w 2

s +w

s +w

s

(C) 2

(D) 2 w 2

s - w2

s -w

Q. 118

A box contains 5 black and 5 red balls. Two balls are randomly picked one after

another form the box, without replacement. The probability for balls being red is

(A) 1/90

(B) 1/2

(C) 19/90

(D) 2/9

.

a

i

d

o

n

.

w

YEAR 2002

Q. 119

in

.

o

c

ONE MARK

Two dice are thrown. What is the probability that the sum of the numbers on

the two dice is eight?

(A) 5

(B) 5

36

18

(C) 1

(D) 1

3

4

Q. 120

(A) f (x) = x2

(B) f (x) = x - 1

(C) f (x) = 2

(D) f (x) = maximum ( x, - x )

Q. 121

variable X .This implies that

(A) there is a causal relationship between Y and X

(B) a value of X may be used to estimate a value of Y

(C) values of X exactly determine values of Y

(D) there is no causal relationship between Y and X

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

YEAR 2002

Q. 122

TWO MARKS

3x + 2y + z = 4

x-y+z = 2

- 2x + 2z = 5

Q. 123

(A) no solution

(D) an inconsistency

(A) only one stationary point at (0, 0)

(B) two stationary points at (0, 0) and b 1 , - 1 l

6 3

(C) two stationary points at (0, 0) and (1, - 1)

(D) no stationary point

Q. 124

.

a

i

d

o

ONE MARK

(A) i + j + k

(B) 3

(C) 0

Q. 126

.n

w

YEAR 2001

Q. 125

n

i

.

o

c

Manish has to travel from A to D changing buses at stops B and C enroute. The

maximum waiting time at either stop can be 8 min each but any time of waiting

up to 8 min is equally, likely at both places. He can afford up to 13 min of total

waiting time if he is to arrive at D on time. What is the probability that Manish

will arrive late at D ?

(A) 8

(B) 13

13

64

(C) 119

(D) 9

128

128

(D) 1

x+y = 2

2x + 2y = 5

This system has

(A) one solution

(B) no solution

(C) infinite solutions

(D) four solutions

Q. 127

(A) 1

(B) - 1

(C) 0

(D) Does not exist

Q. 128

(A) surface integrals to volume integrals

(B) surface integrals to line integrals

(C) vector quantities to other vector quantities

(D) line integrals to volume integrals

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

YEAR 2001

Q. 129

Q. 130

TWO MARKS

3

3

(B) x =- 1

(A) x = 1

(C) x = 0

(D) x = 1

3

The rank of a 3 # 3 matrix C (= AB), found by multiplying a non-zero column

matrix A of size 3 # 1 and a non-zero row matrix B of size 1 # 3 , is

(A) 0

(B) 1

(C) 2

Q. 131

(D) 3

An unbiased coin is tossed three times. The probability that the head turns up

in exactly two cases is

(A) 1

(B) 1

9

8

(C) 2

(D) 3

3

8

in

.

o

c

**********

.

a

i

.

w

d

o

n

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

SOLUTION

Sol. 1

Sol. 2

Numerical Integration

Scheme

Order of Fitting

Polynomial

3. Third order

Q. Trapezoidal Rule

1. First order

2. Second order

Let a square matrix

x y

A => H

y x

n

i

.

o

c

.

a

i

A - lI = 0

x-l y

=0

y x-l

d

o

.n

w

^x - lh2 - y2 = 0

^x - lh2 = y2

x - l =! y

or

or

or

l = x ! y it is a real value.

So, eigen values are real if matrix is real and symmetric.

Sol. 3

22 u - u2u - 2u = 0

We have

2x 2t

2x2

Order is determined by the orders of the highest derivative present in it. So, it is

a second order partial differential equation.

It is also a non-linear equation because in linear equation, the product of u with

2u

is not allow. Therefore, it is a second order, non-linear partial differential

2x

equation.

Sol. 4

We know

cos 2x = 2 cos2 x - 1

cos 2x = 1 - 2 sin2 x

cos2 x = 1 - sin2 x

The linear equation is given by

y = mx + c

This equation satisfy the above three equations, so that cos 2x , sin2 x , cos2 x are

linearly dependent.

Sol. 5

We have

F = xi + yj + zk

2

2

and

x + y + z2 = 1

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

S

d$ F = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 k m $ ^xi + yj + zk h = 1 + 1 + 1 = 3

2x

2y

2y

So that

### 3dV

= 3 # volume of sphere

= 3 # 4 p # ^1 h3 = 4p

3

## 14 ^F $n hdA = 14 # 4p = p

S

Sol. 6

d2f

We have

+f = 0

dt2

^D2 + 1h f = 0

The auxiliary equation is

in

.

o

c

m2 + 1 = 0

m =! 1

Thus the solution of this equation becomes

.

a

i

f ^ t h = C1 cos x + C2 sin x

df

=- C1 sin x + C2 cos x

dt

d

o

n

and

and

.

w

C1 = 0

df

0 =4

dt ^ h

4 = C2 + 0 & C2 = 4

So that

f ^ t h = 4 sin x

Hence, the laplace transform is

L f ^ t h = 4L 6sin x @ = 2 4

s +1

Sol. 7

Let

I =

#

1

x ln ^x h dx

x as second function.

e

e

e

I = ln ^x h # x dx - # ; d ln ^x h # x dx E dx

dx

1

1

1

e

e 1

2

2

3/2

3/2

= :ln ^x h # x D - #

# 3 x dx

3

1 x

1

e

= ; 2 e3/2 - 0E - ; 2 # 2 x3/2E

3

3

3

1

2

4

2

3/2

3/2

3/2

= e - 6e - 1@ = e - 4 e3/2 + 4

3

9

3

9

9

= 2 e3/2 + 4 = 2 e3 + 4

9

9 9

9

Sol. 8

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

d 2u - k du = 0

dx

dx2

2

or

^D - kD h u = 0

The auxiliary equation is

We have

m2 - km = 0

m ^m - k h = 0

or

m = 0, k

Thus the complete solution is

or

From the given condition

u ^0 h = 0 :

u = C1 e0x + C2 ekx

u = C1 + C2 ekx

n

i

.

o

c

0 = C1 + C 2

C1 + C 2 = 0

and

.

a

i

u ^L h = U :

U = C1 + C2 ekL

Subtracting equation (i) from (ii), we get

....(ii)

U = C2 ^ekL - 1h

or

C2 = kLU

^e - 1h

From equation (i), we have

-U

C1 =- C2 = kL

^e - 1h

Substitute these values in the expression for u , we get

kx

-U + U

ekx = U c 1 - ekL m

u = kL

kL

1-e

^e - 1h ^e - 1h

Option (D) is correct.

Let A be the event when student knows the answer and B be the event when

student guesses the answer. Therefore

P ^Ah = P ^A + B h = 2

3

and

P ^B h = 2 + 1 # 1 = 9

3 3

4 12

2

where 3 is the probability of correct answer and 13 is the probability that student

does not know the answer. So guesses the answer and probability of correct guess

is 14 . Therefore total probability of correct answer

=2+1#1 = 9

3 3

4 12

d

o

Sol. 9

....(i)

.n

w

P ^A + B h

P ^A/B h =

=2' 9 =8

3 12 9

P ^B h

Sol. 10

y = x straight line and

y = x 2 parabola, curve is as given. The shaded

region is the area, which is bounded by the both curves (common area).

For

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

In y = x2 putting y = x we have x = x2 or

x2 - x = 0 & x (x - 1) = 0 & x = 0, 1

Then from y = x , for

x = 0 & y = 0 and x = 1 & y = 1

2

Curve y = x and y = x intersects at point (0, 0) and (1, 1)

So, the area bounded by both the curves is

y = x2

x=1

A=

# # dydx

x=0

3

x=1

# dx # dy

y=x

2 1

y = x2

x=0

x=1

# dx6y @

x2

x

in

.

o

c

y=x

x=0

= :x - x D = 1 - 1 =- 1 = 1 unit2

3

2 0

6

3 2

6

Sol. 11

x=1

# (x

.

a

i

.

w

For

x > 0 and x < 0

f l (x) = 1 and f l (x) =- 1

lim f l(x) = 1 and lim f l(x) =- 1

x " 0+

x " 0-

Therefore it is not differentiable.

Sol. 12

Let

y = lim

x"0

(1 - cos x)

x2

0

d

y = lim dx

x"0

(1 - cos x)

= lim sin x

2

d

x " 0 2x

(

x

)

dx

- x) dx

x=0

Given f (x) = x (in - 1 # x # 1)

For this function the plot is as given below.

d

o

n

0

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

y = lim

x"0

Sol. 13

d

dx

(sin x)

= lim cos x = cos 0 = 1

2

2

2

x"0

2 # dxd (x)

f (x) = x3 + 1

f l(x) = 3x2 + 0

Putting f l(x) equal to zero

f l(x) = 0

2

3x + 0 = 0 & x = 0

Now

f ll(x) = 6x

At x = 0,

fll(0) = 6 # 0 = 0 Hence x = 0 is the point of inflection.

We have

Sol. 14

Given :

x2 + y2 + z2 = 1

This is a equation of sphere with radius r = 1

.

a

i

d

o

Sol. 15

Sol. 16

.n

w

n

i

.

o

c

2 2

1

Hence

OA = c

- 0 m i + c 1 - 0 m j + (0 - 0) k = 1 i + 1 j

2

2

2

2

Option (D) is correct.

First using the partial fraction :

A (s + 1) + Bs

1

F (s) =

=A+ B =

s

s

+

1

s (s + 1)

s (s + 1)

(

A

+

B

)

s

1

A

=

+

s (s + 1)

s (s + 1)

s (s + 1)

Comparing the coefficients both the sides,

(A + B) = 0 and A = 1, B =- 1

1

So

=1- 1

s (s + 1) s s + 1

F (t) = L-1 [F (s)] = L-1 ; 1 E = L-1 :1 - 1 D

s s+1

s (s + 1)

= L-1 :1D - L-1 : 1 D = 1 - e-t

s

s+1

Option (B) is correct.

5 3

Given

A =>

1 3H

For finding eigen values, we write the characteristic equation as

A - lI = 0

5-l

3

=0

1 3-l

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

(5 - l) (3 - l) - 3 = 0

l2 - 8l + 12 = 0 & l = 2, 6

Now from characteristic equation for eigen vector.

&

6A - lI @"x , = 60@

For l = 2

5-2

3 X1

0

=> H

>

H

>

H

1 3 - 2 X2

0

3 3 X1

0

>1 1H>X H = >0H

2

&

X1 + X 2 = 0

& X1 =- X2

1

eigen vector = * 4

-1

So

(1) 2 + (1) 2 =

R 1 V

W

S

2W

Normalized eigen vector = SS

-1W

W

S

2

X

T

Option (D) is correct.

Given :

No. of Red balls = 4

Magnitude of eigen vector =

Sol. 17

in

.

o

c

.

a

i

3 balls are selected randomly one after another, without replacement.

1 red and 2 black balls are will be selected as following

Manners

.

w

4

6

5=1

10 # 9 # 8 6

R B B

B R B

Sol. 18

B B R

d

o

n

6

4

5=1

10 # 9 # 8 6

6

5

4=1

10 # 9 # 8 6

P =1+1+1 = 3=1

6 6 6 6 2

Option (A) is correct.

d2y

dy

We have

x2 2 + x - 4y = 0

dx

dx

Let x = ez then

So, we get

Again

z

dz

dx

dy

dx

dy

x

dx

...(1)

= log x

=1

x

dy

dy

= b lb dz l = 1

x dz

dz dx

= Dy

where d = D

dz

d 2y

dy

dy

dy

dy

= d b l = d b 1 l = -21 + 1 d b l dz

dx dx

dx x dz

dx2

x dz x dz dz dx

dy

d 2y

d 2 y dy

= -21 + 1 2 dz = 12 c 2 - m

dz

x dz x dz dx

x dz

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

x2 d 2 y

= (D2 - D) y = D (D - 1) y

dx2

Now substitute in equation (i)

[D (D - 1) + D - 4] y = 0

(D2 - 4) y = 0 & D = ! 2

So the required solution is

y = C1 x2 + C2 x-2

From the given limits

y (0) = 0 , equation (ii) gives

...(ii)

0 = C1 # 0 + C 2

C2 = 0

And from y (1) = 1, equation (ii) gives

1 = C1 + C 2

C1 = 1

Substitute C1 & C2 in equation (ii), the required solution be

n

i

.

o

c

y = x2

Sol. 19

For given equation matrix form is as follows

R1 2 1V

R4V

W

S

S W

A = S2 1 2W, B = S5W

SS1 - 1 1WW

SS1WW

X

T

T X

The augmented matrix is

R1 2 1 : 4V

W

S

R2 " R2 - 2R1, R 3 " R 3 - R1

8A : BB = S2 1 2 : 5W

SS1 - 1 1 : 1WW

TR1 2 1 : X4V

W

S

+ S0 - 3 0 : - 3W

R 3 " R 3 - R2

SS0 - 3 0 : - 3WW

RT1 2 1 : 4VX

W

S

+ S0 - 3 0 : - 3W

R2 " R2 / - 3

SS0 0 0 : 0WW

RT1 2 1 : 4V X

W

S

+ S0 1 0 : 1W

SS0 0 0 : 0WW

X

T

This gives rank of A, r (A) = 2 and Rank of 8A : BB = r 8A : BB = 2

Which is less than the number of unknowns (3)

.

a

i

d

o

.n

w

r 6A@ = r 8A : BB = 2 < 3

Hence, this gives infinite No. of solutions.

Sol. 20

3

5

7

sin q = q - q + q - q + ......

3

5

7

Sol. 21

Let

d

(sin q)

y = lim sin q = lim dq d

= lim cos q

1

q"0

q"0

q"0 q

(

q

)

dq

= cos 0 =1

1

Sol. 22

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Let a square matrix

x y

A =>

y xH

We know that the characteristic equation for the eigen values is given by

A - lI = 0

x-l

y

=0

y x-l

(x - l) 2 - y2 = 0

(x - l) 2 = y2

x - l =! y & l = x ! y

So, eigen values are real if matrix is real and symmetric.

Sol. 23

Let, z1 = (1 + i), z2 = (2 - 5i)

z = z1 # z2 = (1 + i) (2 - 5i)

= 2 - 5i + 2i - 5i2 = 2 - 3i + 5 = 7 - 3i

Sol. 24

For a function, whose limits bounded between - a to a and a is a positive real

number. The solution is given by

a

#-a f (x) dx

Sol. 25

in

.

o

c

i 2 =- 1

.

a

i

2 # f (x) dx ;

f (x) is even

f (x) is odd

=*

.

w

d

o

n#

0

1 dx

x

From this function we get a = 1, b = 3 and n = 3 - 1 = 2

f (x) =

Let,

So,

h =b-a = 3-1 = 1

n

2

x

Sol. 26

f (x) = y = 1

x

x=1

y1 = 1 = 1

1

x=2

y2 = 1 = 0.5

2

x=3

y 3 = 1 = 0.333

3

3

#1 x1 dx = h3 6(y1 + y3) + 4y2@ = 13 6(1 + 0.333) + 4 # 0.5@

= 1 [1.333 + 2] = 3.333 = 1.111

3

3

Option (D) is correct.

dy

Given :

= (1 + y2) x

dx

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

dy

= xdx

(1 + y2)

Integrating both the sides, we get

dy

= # xdx

# 1+

y2

2

tan-1 y = x + c

2

Sol. 27

y = tan b x + c l

2

&

2

And the probability of getting tail q = 1 - 1 = 1

2 2

The probability of getting at least one head is

Sol. 28

n

i

.

o

c

5

0

P (x $ 1) = 1 - 5C 0 (p) 5 (q) 0 = 1 - 1 # b 1 l b 1 l

2 2

= 1 - 15 = 31

32

2

Option (C) is correct.

Given system of equations are,

.

a

i

d

o

2x1 + x2 + x 3 = 0

x2 - x 3 = 0

.n

w

...(i)

...(ii)

x1 + x 2 = 0

Adding the equation (i) and (ii) we have

...(iii)

2x1 + 2x2 = 0

...(iv)

x1 + x 2 = 0

We see that the equation (iii) and (iv) is same and they will meet at infinite

points. Hence this system of equations have infinite number of solutions.

Sol. 29

The volume of a solid generated by revolution about x -axis bounded by the

function f (x) and limits between a to b is given by

V =

Given

Therefore,

Sol. 30

#a

y =

py2 dx

x and a = 1, b = 2

2 2

p ( x ) 2 dx = p # xdx = p :x D

2 1

1

= p : 4 - 1 D = 3p

2 2

2

V =

#1

d 3f

f d 2f

=0

3 + 2

dh2

dh

Order is determined by the order of the highest derivation present in it. So, It is

third order equation but it is a nonlinear equation because in linear equation, the

product of f with d 2 f/dh2 is not allow.

Therefore, it is a third order non-linear ordinary differential equation.

Given:

Sol. 31

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

I =

Let

#- 33 1 dx

+ x2

= 6tan-1 x @3

= [tan-1 (+ 3) - tan-1 (- 3)]

-3

= p - a- p k = p

2

2

Sol. 32

z = 3 + 4i

1 - 2i

Divide and multiply z by the conjugate of (1 - 2i) to convert it in the form of

a + bi we have

2

(3 + 4i) (1 + 2i)

z = 3 + 4i # 1 + 2i =

= 3 + 10i +2 8i

2

2

1 - 2i

1 + 2i

(1) - (2i)

1 - 4i

= 3 + 10i - 8 = - 5 + 10i =- 1 + 2i

5

1 - (- 4)

Let,

z =

Sol. 33

(- 1) 2 + (2) 2 =

a + ib =

Z2 - 3x

]]

y = f (x) = [0

]- (2 - 3x)

\

Checking the continuity of the function.

At x = 2 ,

Lf (x) = lim f b 2 - h l

3

3

h"0

2

3

if x =

2

3

if x >

2

3

in

.

o

c

a.

i

d

if x <

= lim 2 - 3 b 2 - h l

3

h"0

= lim 2 - 2 + 3h = 0

o

n

h"0

3

3

h"0

h"0

and

.

w

= lim 2 + 3h - 2 = 0

h"0

Since

h"0

h"0

Now checking the differentiability :

f ^ 23 - h h - f ^ 23 h

2 - 3 ^ 23 - h h - 0

Lf l (x) = lim

= lim

h"0

h"0

-h

-h

= lim 2 - 2 + 3h = lim 3h =- 3

h"0

h"0 -h

-h

and

f ^ 23 + h h - f ^ 23 h

h"0

h

Rf l (x) = lim

3 ^ 23 + h h - 2 - 0

= lim 2 + 3h - 2 = 3

h"0

h"0

h

h

Since

Lf lb 2 l ! Rf lb 2 l, f (x) is not differentiable at x = 2 .

3

3

3

Option (A) is correct.

2 2

H

Let,

A =>

1 3

And l1 and l2 are the eigen values of the matrix A.

The characteristic equation is written as

= lim

Sol. 34

A - lI = 0

a2 + b2

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2 2

1 0

>

H - l>

H =0

1 3

0 1

2-l

2

=0

1 3-l

...(i)

(2 - l) (3 - l) - 2 = 0

l2 - 5l + 4 = 0 & l = 1 & 4

Putting l = 1 in equation (i),

0

2-1

2 x1

=

>

1 3 - 1H>x2H >0H

2 x1

0

=> H

H

>

H

2 x2

0

1

>1

Let

Then

So, the eigen vector is

x1

where > H is eigen vector

x2

x1 + 2x2

x2

x1 + 2K

- 2K

> KH

= 0 or x1 + 2x2 = 0

=K

= 0 & x1 =- 2K

-2

or > H

1

n

i

.

o

c

.

a

i

2

Since option A> H is in the same ratio of x1 and x2 . Therefore option (A) is an

-1

eigen vector.

Sol. 35

d

o

.n

w

f (t) = L - 1 ; 2 1

s (s + 1)E

So,

As (1 + s) + B (s + 1) + Cs2

1

= A + B2 + C =

s

s+1

s

s (s + 1)

s2 (s + 1)

w

2

s2 (A + C) + s (A + B) + B

s2 (s + 1)

2

Compare the coefficients of s , s and constant terms and we get

A + C = 0 ; A + B = 0 and B = 1

Solving above equation, we get A =- 1, B = 1 and C = 1

Thus

f (t) = L - 1 :- 1 + 12 + 1 D

s s

s+1

=

=- 1 + t + e-t = t - 1 + e-t

Sol. 36

L - 1 : 1 D = e-at

s+a

The box contains :

Number of washers = 2

Number of nuts = 3

Number of bolts = 4

Total objects = 2 + 3 + 4 = 9

First two washers are drawn from the box which contain 9 items. So the probability

of drawing 2 washers is,

2

7!2!

n

P1 = 9C2 == 1 =

Cn = 1

= 2 = 1

C2

9 # 8 # 7! 9 # 8 36

9!

7!2!

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

After this box contains only 7 objects and then 3 nuts drawn from it. So the

probability of drawing 3 nuts from the remaining objects is,

3

4!3!

P2 = 7C 3 = 1 =

= 1

C3

7!

7 # 6 # 5 # 4! 35

4!3!

After this box contain only 4 objects, probability of drawing 4 bolts from the box,

4

P3 = 4C 4 = 1 = 1

C4 1

Therefore the required probability is,

P = P1 P2 P3 = 1 # 1 # 1 = 1

36

35

1260

Sol. 37

h = 60c - 0 = 60c

h = 60 # p = p = 1.047 radians

180

3

Given :

y 0 = 0 , y1 = 1066 , y2 =- 323 , y 3 = 0 , y 4 = 323 , y5 =- 355 and y6 = 0

From the Simpsons 1/3rd rule the flywheel Energy is,

E = h 6(y 0 + y6) + 4 (y1 + y 3 + y5) + 2 (y2 + y 4)@

3

Substitute the values, we get

E = 1.047 6(0 + 0) + 4 (1066 + 0 - 355) + 2 (- 323 + 323)@

3

= 1.047 64 # 711 + 2 (0)@ = 993 Nm rad (Joules/cycle)

3

Sol. 38

.

a

i

d

o

n

.

w

3

5

4

5

3

5

M =>

x

Given :

And

in

.

o

c

[M]T = [M] -1

T

-1

We know that when 6A@ = 6A@ then it is called orthogonal matrix.

6M @T = I

6M @

T

6M @ 6M @ = I

> 45

5

3 H.>

x

4

5

3

5

1 0

H = >0 1H

3

4

3 V

b 5 # 5 l + 5 xW

W = >1 0H

4

4

3

3 W

0 1

b 5 # 5 l + b 5 # 5 lW

X

2

12

3

9

1 0

+

x

+

x

25

5

25

=>

>12 + 3 x

H

0 1H

1

25

5

Comparing both sides a12 element,

12 + 3 x = 0 " x =- 12

5 =- 4

25 5

25 # 3

5

R 3

S b # 3 l + x2

5

S 5

S 4 # 3 + 3x

Sb 5

5l 5

T

Sol. 39

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Let,

V = 3xzi + 2xyj - yz2 k

We know divergence vector field of V is given by (4: V)

4: V = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 k m : ^3xzi + 2xyj - yz2 k h

2x

2y

2z

So,

4: V = 3z + 2x - 2yz

At point P (1, 1, 1)

(4: V) P (1, 1, 1) = 3 # 1 + 2 # 1 - 2 # 1 # 1 = 3

Sol. 40

f (s) = L - 1 ; 2 1 E

s +s

1

First, take the function 2

and break it by the partial fraction,

s +s

Solve by

1

1 =

=1- 1

2

* 1 =A+ B 4

s (s + 1) s (s + 1)

s +s

(s + 1) s s + 1

So,

L - 1 c 2 1 m = L - 1 ;1 - 1 E = L - 1 :1D - L - 1 : 1 D = 1 - e-t

s (s + 1)

s

s+1

s +s

Sol. 41

Option (D) is correct.

Total number of cases = 23 = 8 & Possible cases when coins are tossed simultaneously.

H H H

H H T

H T H

T H H

H T T

T H T

T T H

T T T

Let

.

a

i

d

o

.n

w

n

i

.

o

c

From these cases we can see that out of total 8 cases 7 cases contain at least one

head. So, the probability of come at least one head is = 7

8

Sol. 42

Given :

z = x + iy is a analytic function

f (z) = u (x, y) + iv (x, y)

u = xy

Analytic function satisfies the Cauchy-Riemann equation.

2u = 2v and 2u =-2v

2x

2y

2y

2x

2u = y &

2v = y

2x

2y

2u = x &

2v =- x

2y

2x

Let v (x, y) be the conjugate function of u (x, y)

dv = 2v dx + 2v dy = (- x) dx + (y) dy

2x

2y

Integrating both the sides,

So from equation (i),

# dv

=- # xdx +

# ydy

..(i)

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2

y2

v =- x + + k = 1 (y2 - x2) + k

2

2

2

Sol. 43

dy

Given

x + y = x4

dx

dy

+ 1 y = x3

dx b x l

...(i)

dy

It is a single order differential equation. Comparing this with

+ Py = Q

dx

P =1

Q = x3

x

y (I.F.) =

# Q (I.F.) dx + C

I. F. = e

yx =

# Pdx

=e

# x1 dx

= e log x = x

# x3 # xdx + C

# x4 dx + C

5

= x +C

5

...(ii)

5

5

6 1 = 1+C & C = 6-1 = 1

5

5#

5 5

in

.

o

c

5

4

yx = x + 1 & y = x + 1

5

5 x

Sol. 44

.

a

i

d

o

n

The equation of circle with unit radius and centre at origin is given by,

.

w

x2 + y2 = 1

sense So using the polar form

Let: x = cos q , y = sin q , and r = 1

So put the value of x and y and limits in first quadrant between 0 to p/2 .

Hence,

I =

#0

p/2

#0

p/2

(cos q + sin q) 2 dq

(cos2 q + sin2 q + 2 sin q cos q) dq =

#0

p/2

(1 + sin 2q) dq

p/2

= :q - cos 2q D = ;a p - cos p k - b 0 - cos 0 lE

2 0

2

2

2

= b p + 1 l - b- 1 l = p + 1

2

2 2

2

Sol. 45

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

The given equation of surface is

...(i)

z2 = 1 + xy

Let P (x, y, z) be the nearest point on the surface (i), then distance from the origin

is

d = (x - 0) 2 + (y - 0) 2 + (z - 0) 2

d 2 = x2 + y2 + z2

z2 = d 2 - x2 - y2

From equation (i) and (ii), we get

...(ii)

d 2 - x2 - y2 = 1 + xy

d 2 = x2 + y2 + xy + 1

Let

...(iii)

f (x, y) = d 2 = x2 + y2 + xy + 1

The f (x, y) be the maximum or minimum according to d 2 maximum or minimum.

Differentiating equation (iii) w.r.t x and y respectively, we get

2f

2f

= 2y + x

= 2x + y or

2x

2y

2f

2f

Applying maxima minima principle and putting

and

equal to zero,

2x

2y

2f

2f

= 2x + y = 0 or

= 2y + x = 0

2x

2y

Solving these equations, we get x = 0 , y = 0

So, x = y = 0 is only one stationary point.

22 f

Now

p = 2 =2

2x

22 f

q =

=1

2x2y

22 f

r = 2 =2

2y

or

pr - q2 = 4 - 1 = 3 > 0 and r is positive.

.

a

i

d

o

.n

w

n

i

.

o

c

So,

f (x, y) = d 2 is minimum at (0, 0).

Hence minimum value of d 2 at (0, 0).

d 2 = x2 + y2 + xy + 1 = 1

d = 1 or f (x, y) = 1

So, the nearest point is

&

Sol. 46

z2 = 1 + xy = 1 + 0

z =! 1

Given : y2 = 4x and x2 = 4y draw the curves from the given equations,

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

The shaded area shows the common area. Now finding the intersection points of

the curves.

y2 = 4x = 4 4y = 8 y

x=

y 4 = 8 # 8 # y & y (y3 - 64) = 0

y =4 & 0

Similarly put y = 0 in curve x2 = 4y

x2 = 4 # 0 = 0 & x = 0

And Put

y =4

in

.

o

c

.

a

i

x2 = 4 # 4 = 16 x = 4

So,

x = 4, 0

Therefore the intersection points of the curves are (0, 0) and (4, 4).

So the enclosed area is given by

.

w

d

o

n#

A=

x2

x1

(y1 - y2) dx

2

4

A = # b 4x - x l dx

4

0

#0

4

x2

1

b 2 x - 4 l dx = 2 # x dx - 4

0

#0

x2 dx

3 4

4

A = 2 :2 x3/2D - 1 :x D

3

4 3 0

0

3

= 4 # 43/2 - 1 # 4 = 4 # 8 - 16 = 16

3

3

3

3

3

4

Sol. 47

The cumulative distribution function

Z0,

]

]

f (x) = [ x - a ,

b-a

]]

0,

\

and density function

1 ,

f (x) = *b - a

0,

x#a

a<x<b

x$b

a#x#b

a > x, x > b

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

E (x) =

Mean

/ xf (x) = a +2 b

x=a

2

Substitute the value of f (x)

Variance =

/ x b -1 a dx - ) / x b -1 a dx 3

2

x=a

x=a

2

2 2

b 2

2

x

b3 - a3 - (b - a )

- >) x

=

3

G

3 (b - a) a

2 (b - a) aH

3 (b - a) 4 (b - a) 2

2

2

2

(b - a) (b + ab + a ) (b + a) (b - a) 2

=

3 (b - a)

4 (b - a) 2

4 (b2 + ab + a2) + 3 (a + b) 2

(b - a) 2

=

=

12

12

==

(b - a)

(b - a) 2

=

12

12

n

i

.

o

c

Given : b = 1, a = 0

So, standard deviation = 1 - 0 = 1

12

12

Sol. 48

d

o

(x - a)

(x - a) 2

(x - a) 3

f l (a) +

f m (a) +

f lll (a) + ....

1

2

3

f mm (a)

Then from this expansion the coefficient of (x - a) 4 is

4

Given

a =2

f (x) = ex

f l (x) = ex

f m (x) = ex

f n (x) = ex

f mm (x) = ex

2

Hence, for a = 2 the coefficient of (x - a) 4 is e

4

Option (D) is correct.

Given :

xp + 3x = 0 and x (0) = 1

f (x) = f (a) +

Sol. 49

.

a

i

Taylors series expansion of f (x) is given by,

.n

w

D= d

dt

(D2 + 3) x = 0

The auxiliary Equation is written as

m2 + 3 = 0

m =! 3 i = 0 !

Here the roots are imaginary

m1 = 0 and m2 =

3i

3

Solution is given by

x = em t (A cos m2 t + B sin m2 t)

1

= e0 [A cos 3 t + B sin 3 t]

= [A cos 3 t + B sin 3 t]

Given :

x (0) = 1 at t = 0 , x = 1

Substituting in equation (i),

...(i)

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

A =1

Differentiateing equation (i) w.r.t. t ,

xo = 3 [- A sin 3 t + B cos 3 t]

Given

xo(0) = 0 at t = 0 , xo = 0

Substituting in equation (ii), we get

0=

...(ii)

3 [- A sin 0 + B cos 0]

B =0

Substituting A & B in equation (i)

x = cos 3 t

x (1) = cos 3 = 0.99

Sol. 50

1/3

0 form

f (x) = lim x - 2

0

x " 8 (x - 8)

1 -2/3

x

Applying L-Hospital rule

= lim 3

1

x"8

Substitute the limits, we get

f (x) = 1 (8) -2/3 = 1 (23) -2/3 = 1 = 1

3

3

4 # 3 12

Option (A) is correct.

In a coin probability of getting Head

p = 1 = No. of Possible cases

2

No. of Total cases

Probability of getting tail

q = 1-1 = 1

2 2

So the probability of getting Heads exactly three times, when coin is tossed 4

times is

3

1

P = 4C 3 (p) 3 (q) 1 = 4C 3 b 1 l b 1 l = 4 # 1 # 1 = 1

2 2

8

2 4

Let

Sol. 51

Sol. 52

in

.

o

c

.

a

i

.

w

d

o

n

R1 2 4V

S

W

Let,

A = S3 0 6W

SS1 1 pWW

T l3

X

Let the eigen values of this matrix are l1, l2 &

Here one values is given so let l1 = 3

We know that

Sum of eigen values of matrix= Sum of the diagonal element of matrix A

l1 + l2 + l3 = 1 + 0 + p

l2 + l3 = 1 + p - l1 = 1 + p - 3 = p - 2

Sol. 53

We know that the divergence is defined as 4:V

Let

V = (x - y) i + (y - x) j + (x + y + z) k

And

4 = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 km

2x

2y

2z

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

4:V = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 k m : 6(x - y) i + (y - x) j + (x + y + z) k @

2x

2y

2z

= 2 (x - y) + 2 (y - x) + 2 (x + y + z)

2x

2y

2z

So,

= 1+1+1 = 3

Sol. 54

Given :

n

i

.

o

c

x +y =1

2 1

.

a

i

x +y =1

a b

x + 2y = 2 & x = 2 (1 - y)

The limit of x is between 0 to x = 2 (1 - y) and y is 0 to 1,

##p xydxdy

Now

d

o

.n #

w #

=

y=1

2 (1 - y)

#y = 0 #x = 0

y=1

y=0

y=1

y=0

y;

xydxdy =

y=1

#y = 0

x2 2 (1 - y) ydy

:2D

0

4 (1 - y)

- 0E dy

2

2y (1 + y2 - 2y) dy =

y=1

#y = 0

2 (y + y3 - 2y2) dy

Sol. 55

Sol. 56

##p xydxdy

y 2 y 4 2y 3 1

= 2; + = 2 :1 + 1 - 2 - 0D

2

3 E0

2 4 3

4

= 2:6 + 3 - 8D = 2 = 1

12

12 6

Direction derivative of a function f along a vector P is given by

a =grad f : a

a

2f

2f

2f

where

grad f = c

i+

j+

k

2x

2y

2z m

f (x, y, z) = x2 + 2y2 + z , a = 3i - 4j

3i - 4j

a = grad (x2 + 2y2 + z) :

(3) 2 + (- 4) 2

(3i - 4j)

6x - 16y

=

= (2xi + 4yj + k) :

5

25

At point P (1, 1, 2) the direction derivative is

a = 6 # 1 - 16 # 1 =- 10 =- 2

5

5

Option (B) is correct.

Given :

2x + 3y = 4

x+y+z = 4

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

x + 2y - z = a

It is a set of non-homogenous equation, so the augmented matrix of this system is

R

V

S2 3 0 : 4W

6A : B@ = S1 1 1 : 4W

SS1 2 - 1 : aWW

TR

X V

4W

S2 3 0 :

S

0

1

2

4W

:

+

R 3 " R 3 + R2 , R2 " 2R2 - R1

SS2 3 0 : 4 + aWW

TR

V X

S2 3 0 : 4W

+ S0 - 1 2 : 4W

R 3 " R 3 - R1

SS0 0 0 : aWW

T

X

So, for a unique solution of the system of equations, it must have the condition

r [A: B] = r [A]

So, when putting a = 0

We get

r [A: B] = r [A]

Sol. 57

Here we check all the four options for unbounded condition.

p/4

(A)

#0 tan xdx = 8log sec x B0p/4 = 9log sec p4 - log sec 0 C

#0

(B)

#0 xe

3 -x

(C)

in

.

o

c

.

a

i

1 dx = tan-1 x 3 = tan-1 3 - tan-1 (0) = p - 0 = p

6

@0

2

2

x2 + 1

d

o

#

#

n

.

w

#

dx

I =

Let

3 -x

xe dx = x

e-x dx -

# :dxd (x) # e

-x

dx D dx

= 6- e-x (x + 1)@3

e-x dx = 6- xe-x - e-x@3

0

0

= 6- xe @ +

-x 3

0

=- [0 - 1] = 1

1

1

(D)

#0 1 -1 x dx =- #0 x -1 1 dx =-6log (x - 1)@10 -6log 0 - log (- 1)@

Both log 0 and log (1) undefined so it is unbounded.

Sol. 58

and f (z) = cos z

z

Then

I = # cos z dz = # cos z dz

z

z-0

Given that z = 1 for unit circle. From the Cauchy Integral formula

# zf-(z)a dz = 2pi f (a)

Compare equation (i) and (ii), we can say that,

Let

I=

# f (z) dz

Or,

f (a) = f (0) = cos 0 = 1

Now from equation (ii) we get

# zf-(z)0 dz = 2pi # 1 = 2pi

...(i)

...(ii)

a=0

Sol. 59

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

y = 2 x3/2

3

Given

...(i)

#x

x2

dy 2

b dx l + 1 3 dx

...(ii)

3

dy

= 2 # 3 x 2 - 1 = x1/2 = x

3

2

dx

dy

Substitute the limit x1 = 0 to x2 = 1 and

in equation (ii), we get

dx

L =

#0

_ ( x ) 2 + 1 i dx =

#0

x + 1 dx

= :2 (x + 1) 3/2D = 1.22

3

0

1

Sol. 60

n

i

.

o

c

1 2

A =>

l and l2 is the eigen values of the matrix.

0 2H 1

For eigen values characteristic matrix is,

Let

1

>0

.

a

i

A - lI = 0

2

1 0

=0

- l>

H

2

0 1H

d

o

(1 - l)

2

=0

0 (2 - l)

.n

w

(1 - l) (2 - l) = 0 & l = 1 & 2

So, Eigen vector corresponding to the l = 1 is,

0 2 1

>0 1H>a H = 0

2a + a = 0 & a = 0

Again for l = 2

-1 2 1

> 0 0H>b H = 0

- 1 + 2b = 0

a &b & a + b = 0 + 1 = 1

2 2

Then sum of

Sol. 61

b=1

2

Given

f (x, y) = yx

First partially differentiate the function w.r.t. y

2f

= xyx - 1

2y

Again differentiate. it w.r.t. x

22 f

= yx - 1 (1) + x ^yx - 1 log y h = yx - 1 ^x log y + 1h

2x2y

At :

x = 2, y = 1

22 f

= (1) 2 - 1 (2 log 1 + 1) = 1 (2 # 0 + 1) = 1

2x2y

...(i)

Sol. 62

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

y m + 2yl + y = 0

(D + 2D + 1) y = 0

Given :

where D = d/dx

m2 + 2m + 1 = 0

(m + 1) 2 = 0 , m =- 1, - 1

The roots of auxiliary equation are equal and hence the general solution of the

given differential equation is,

..(i)

y = (C1 + C2 x) em x = (C1 + C2 x) e-x

Given y (0) = 0 at x = 0, & y = 0

Substitute in equation (i), we get

1

0 = (C1 + C2 # 0) e-0

0 = C1 # 1 & C1 = 0

Again y (1) = 0 , at x = 1 & y = 0

Substitute in equation (i), we get

0 = [C1 + C2 # (1)] e-1 = [C1 + C2] 1

e

in

.

o

c

C1 + C 2 = 0 & C 2 = 0

Substitute C1 and C2 in equation (i), we get

y = (0 + 0x) e-x = 0

And

y (0.5) = 0

Sol. 63

.

a

i

d

o

n

Given :

At

x=1 &y =1

And at

x=5

y = (5) 2 = 25

Here the interval is bounded between 1 and 5

So, the minimum value at this interval is 1.

Sol. 64

.

w

Let square matrix

x y

A =>

y xH

The characteristic equation for the eigen values is given by

A - lI = 0

x-l

y

=0

y x-l

(x - l) 2 - y2 = 0

(x - l) 2 = y2

x - l =! y

l = x!y

So, eigen values are real if matrix is real and symmetric.

Sol. 65

The Cauchy-Reimann equation, the necessary condition for a function f (z) to be

analytic is

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

2j 2y

=

2x

2y

2j

2y

=2x

2y

Sol. 66

when

2j 2j 2y 2y

,

,

,

exist.

2x 2y 2y 2x

2 2 j 2 2 j 2j 2j

Given :

+ 2 +

+

=0

2x

2y

2x 2

2y

Order is determined by the order of the highest derivative present in it.

Degree is determined by the degree of the highest order derivative present in it

after the differential equation is cleared of radicals and fractions.

So, degree = 1 and order = 2

Sol. 67

y = x+

Given

y-x =

Squaring both the sides,

x+

x+

n

i

.

o

c

x + x + .......3

x + x + ....3

a.

(y - x) 2 = x + x + x + ......3

(y - x) 2 = y

y2 + x2 - 2xy = y

We have to find y (2), put x = 2 in equation (ii),

di

o

n

.

w

...(i)

...(ii)

y 2 + 4 - 4y = y

y2 - 5y + 4 = 0

(y - 4) (y - 1) = 0

y = 1, 4

From Equation (i) we see that

For y (2)

Therefore,

Sol. 68

y = 2+

y =4

2+

2 + 2 + .....3 > 2

A = 1 BC # BA = 1 (c - b) # (a - b)

2

2

= 1 [c # a - c # b - b # a + b # b]

2

b # b = 0 and c # b =- (b # c)

= 1 [c # a + b # c + a # b]

2

= 1 [(a - b) # (a - c)]

2

Sol. 69

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

dy

dy

= y2 or 2 = dx

dx

y

Integrating both the sides

= # dx

# dy

y2

-1 = x + C

y

Given y (0) = 1 at

x=0 &y=1

Put in equation (i) for the value of C

- 1 = 0 + C &C =- 1

1

From equation (i),

-1 = x - 1

y

y =- 1

x-1

For this value of y , x - 1 ! 0 or x ! 1

And

x < 1 or x > 1

Given :

Sol. 70

Sol. 71

in

.

o

c

f (t) =

Let

...(i)

0

.

a

i

f (0) = 0

L 6fl (t)@ = sL 6f ^ t h@ - f (0) = sL 6f (t)@

L 6f (t)@ = 1 L 6fl (t)@

s

Substitute the values of f (t) and fl (t), we get

t

L ; # f (t) dtE = 1 L 6f (t)@

s

0

t

or

L ; # f (t) dtE = 1 F (s)

s

0

Option (A) is correct.

From the Trapezoidal Method

b

#a f (x) dx = h2 6f (x0) + 2f (x1) + 2f (x2) .....2f (xn - 1) + f (xn)@ ...(i)

Interval h = 2p - 0 = p

8

4

Find

d

o

n

.

w

2p

#0 sin xdx

Angle q

f (x) = sin x 0

p

4

p

2

0.707 1

3p

4

0.707 0

5p

4

3p

2

- 0.707 - 1

7p

4

2p

- 0.707 0

2p

#0 sin xdx

8

= p #0 = 0

8

Sol. 72

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

The X and Y be two independent random variables.

So,

E (XY) = E (X) E (Y)

& covariance is defined as

Cov (X, Y) = E (XY) - E (X) E (Y)

= E (X) E (Y) - E (X) E (Y)

(i)

=0

For two independent random variables

Var (X + Y) = Var (X) + Var (Y)

and

E (X 2 Y 2) = E (X 2) E (Y 2)

So, option (D) is incorrect.

Sol. 73

n

i

.

o

c

2

ex - b1 + x + x l

2

f (x) = lim

3

x"0

x

ex - (1 + x)

= lim

x"0

3x2

x

= lim e - 1

x " 0 6x

Let,

.

a

i

d

o

0 form

0

0 form

0

0 form

0

x

0

= lim e = e = 1

6

6

x"0 6

Sol. 74

.n

w

2 1

H

A =>

0 2

Let l is the eigen value of the given matrix then characteristic matrix is

1 0

A - lI = 0

H = Identity matrix

Here I = >

0 1

2-l

1

=0

0 2-l

Let,

(2 - l) 2 = 0

l = 2, 2

So, only one eigen vector.

Sol. 75

Column I

P. Gauss-Seidel method

1. Interpolation

R. Runge-Kutta method

S. Trapezoidal Rule

3. Numerical integration

Sol. 76

2

dy

Given :

+ 2xy = e-x and y (0) = 1

dx

It is the first order linear differential equation so its solution is

y (I.F.) =

# Q (I.F.) dx + C

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

So,

x2

= e2 # xdx = e2 # 2 = ex

compare with

dy

+ P (y) = Q

dx

yex =

# e-x # ex dx + C

# dx + C = x + C

Sol. 77

Sol. 78

...(i)

y = x +x2 c

e

Given

y (0) = 1

At

x =0 &y=1

Substitute in equation (i), we get

1 =C &C=1

1

2

Then

y = x +x2 1 = (x + 1) e-x

e

Option (C) is correct.

The incorrect statement is, S = {x : x ! A and x ! B} represents the union of set

A and set B .

The above symbol (!) denotes intersection of set A and set B . Therefore this

statement is incorrect.

in

.

o

c

.

a

i

Total number of items = 100

Number of defective items = 20

Number of Non-defective items = 80

Then the probability that both items are defective, when 2 items are selected at

random is,

20!

20 # 19

80

20

C

18

2 C0

2

= ! 2! =

= 19

P = 100

100 # 99

495

C2

100!

2

98!2!

.

w

d

o

n

Alternate Method :

Sol. 79

Probability of first item being defective is

P1 = 20 = 1

100 5

After drawing one defective item from box, there are 19 defective items in the 99

remaining items.

Probability that second item is defective,

P2 = 19

899

then probability that both are defective

P = P1 # P2 = 1 # 19 = 19

5

99 495

Option (A) is correct.

3 2

H

Given :

S =>

2 3

Eigen values of this matrix is 5 and 1. We can say l1 = 1 l2 = 5

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

S 2 = S S is l12 , l22

Because. if l1, l2, l3 .... are the eigen values of A, then eigen value of Am are

l1m, lm2 , lm3 ....

Hence matrix S 2 has eigen values (1) 2 and (5) 2 & 1 and 25

Sol. 80

Given

f (x) = (x - 8) 2/3 + 1

The equation of line normal to the function is

(y - y1) = m2 (x - x1)

Slope of tangent at point (0, 5) is

m1 = f l (x) = :2 (x - 8) -1/3D

3

(0, 5)

1

2

-1/3

m1 = f l (x) = (- 8)

=- 2 (23) - 3 =- 1

3

3

3

We know the slope of two perpendicular curves is - 1.

...(i)

n

i

.

o

c

m1 m2 =- 1

m2 =- 1 = - 1 = 3

m1 - 1/3

The equation of line, from equation (i) is

d

o

.

a

i

(y - 5) = 3 (x - 0)

n

.

#w

w

y = 3x + 5

Sol. 81

f (x) =

Let

p/3

0

it p/3

ip/3

p

eit dt = :e D & e - e = 1 6e 3 i - 1@

i 0

i

i

i

= 1 9cos p + i sin p - 1C = 1 ;1 + i 3 - 1E = 1 ;- 1 + 3 iE

i

3

3

i 2

2

i 2

2

Sol. 82

i2 =- 1

= i ; 1 - 3 iE = 1 i - 3 i 2 = 3 + 1 i

2

2

2

2

2

2

Given

2

f (x) = 2x2 - 7x + 3

5x - 12x - 9

2

lim f (x) = lim 2x2 - 7x + 3

x"3

x " 3 5x - 12x - 9

Applying L Hospital rule

= lim 4x - 7

x " 3 10x - 12

Substitute the limit, we get

lim f (x) = 4 # 3 - 7 = 12 - 7 = 5

10 # 3 - 12 30 - 12 18

x"3

Option (A) is correct.

(P) Singular Matrix " Determinant is zero A = 0

(Q) Non-square matrix " An m # n matrix for which m ! n , is called nonsquare matrix. Its determinant is not defined

(R) Real Symmetric Matrix " Eigen values are always real.

(S) Orthogonal Matrix " A square matrix A is said to be orthogonal if AAT = I

Its determinant is always one.

Then

Sol. 83

= 1 # i ;- 1 + 3 iE =- i ;- 1 + 3 iE

2

2

i

i 2

2

Sol. 84

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

d 2y

dy

2x

Given :

2 + 4 dx + 3y = 3e

dx

d =D

dx

[D2 + 4D + 3] y = 3e2x

The auxiliary Equation is,

Then

Sol. 85

m2 + 4m + 3 = 0 & m =- 1, - 3

C.F. = C1 e-x + C2 e-3x

2x

3e2x

P.I. = 2 3e

=

D + 4D + 3 (D + 1) (D + 3)

2x

2x

3e2x

=

= 3e = e

3

5

5

(2 + 1) (2 + 3)

#

Put D = 2

EF = G

Rcos q - sin q 0V

R1 0 0V

W

W

S

S

cos q 0W # F = S0 1 0W

S sin q

SS 0

SS0 0 1WW

0 1WW

X

X

T

T

We know that the multiplication of a matrix and its inverse be a identity matrix

Given

in

.

o

c

AA-1 = I

So, we can say that F is the inverse matrix of E

[adj.E]

F = E -1 =

E

Rcos q - (sin q) 0VT

R cos q sin q 0V

W

S

S

W

adjE = S sin q

cos q 0W = S- sin q cos q 0W

SS

SS 0

0 1WW

0

0 1WW

X

T

T

X

E = 6cos q # (cos q - 0)@ - 8^- sin qh # ^sin q - 0hB + 0

.

a

i

Sol. 86

d

o

n

.

w

= cos2 q + sin2 q = 1

R cos q sin q 0V

W

6adj.E @ S

Hence,

= S- sin q cos q 0W

F =

E

SS

0

0 1WW

X

T

Option (B) is correct.

The probability density function is,

1+t

for - 1 # t # 0

f (t) = )

1-t

for 0 # t # 1

For standard deviation first we have to find the mean and variance of the function.

Mean (t ) =

=

#-13t f (t) dt

0

#-1 t (1 + t) dt + #0

#-1 (t + t2) dt + #0

t (1 - t) dt

(t - t2) dt

2

3 0

2

3 1

= :t + t D + :t - t D = :- 1 + 1 D + :1 - 1 D = 0

2 3 -1

2 3 0

2 3

2 3

And

variance ^s2h =

#- 33 (t - t ) 2 f (t) dt

t=0

#-1 t2 (1 + t) dt + #0

t2 (1 - t) dt

(t2 - t3) dt

3

4 0

3

4 1

= :t + t D + :t - t D

3 4 -1

3 4 0

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

=-:- 1 + 1 D + :1 - 1 - 0D = 1 + 1 = 1

3 4

3 4

12 12 6

Now, standard deviation

1 = 1

6

6

(s2) s =

Sol. 87

The Stokes theorem is,

Here we can see that the line integral # F : dr and surface integral ## (Curl F) : ds

C

S

#C F : dr

Sol. 88

Let,

P = defective items

Q = non-defective items

10% items are defective, then probability of defective items

P = 0.1

Probability of non-defective item

n

i

.

o

c

.

a

i

Q = 1 - 0.1 = 0.9

The Probability that exactly 2 of the chosen items are defective is

= 10 C2 (P) 2 (Q) 8 = 10! (0.1) 2 (0.9) 8

8!2!

d

o

.n

w #

Sol. 89

Let

f (x) =

=

-a

(sin6 x + sin7 x) dx

We know that

#-a f (x) dx

0

=* a

2 # f (x)

0

when f (- x) = f (x); even function

Now, here sin x is an even function and sin7 x is an odd function. Then,

a

0

Sol. 90

We know, from the Echelon form the rank of any matrix is equal to the Number

of non zero rows.

Here order of matrix is 3 # 4 , then, we can say that the Highest possible rank of

this matrix is 3.

Sol. 91

Given

I =

We can draw the graph from the limits of the integration, the limit of y is from

x = 0 to x = 8

y = x to y = 2 . For x the limit is

4

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Here we change the order of the integration. The limit of x is 0 to 8 but we have

to find the limits in the form of y then x = 0 to x = 4y and limit of y is 0 to 2

8

So

#0 #0

4y

f (x, y) dxdy =

#r #p

f (x, y) dxdy

r = 0 , s = 2 , p = 0 , q = 4y

Sol. 92

R

V

S5 0 0 0W

S0 5 0 0W

Let,

A =S

W

S0 0 2 1W

S0 0 3 1W

T

X

The characteristic equation for eigen values is given by,

A - lI = 0

in

.

o

c

.

a

i

d

o

n

.

w

5-l

0

0

0

0 5-l

0

0

A=

=0

0

0 2-l

1

0

0

3 1-l

(5 - l) (5 - l) [(2 - l) (1 - l) - 3] = 0

(5 - l) 2 [2 - 3l + l2 - 3] = 0

So,

(5 - l) 2 (l2 - 3l - 1) = 0

(5 - l) 2 = 0 & l = 5 , 5 and l2 - 3l - 1 = 0

- (- 3) ! 9 + 4

= 3 + 13 , 3 - 13

2

2

2

The eigen values are l = 5 , 5, 3 + 13 , 3 - 13

2

2

R V

Sx1W

Sx2W

Let

X1 = S W

Sx 3W

Sx 4W

T X

be the eigen vector for the eigen value l = 5

Then,

(A - lI ) X1 = 0

(A - 5I ) X1 = 0

R

VR V

S0 0 0 0WSx1W

S0 0 0 0WSx2W

S0 0 - 3 1WSx W = 0

S

WS 3W

S0 0 3 - 4WSx 4W

T

XT X

l =

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

- 3x 3 + x 4 = 0

3x 3 - 4x 4 = 0

or

This implies that x 3 = 0 , x 4 = 0

Let

x1 = k1 and x2 = k2

So, eigen vector,

Sol. 93

R V

Sk1W

Sk2W

X1 = S W

S0W

S0W

T X

where k1 , k2 e R

...(i)

x+y = 2

...(ii)

1.01x + 0.99y = b , db = 1 unit

We have to find the change in x in the solution of the system. So reduce y From

the equation (i) and (ii).

Multiply equation (i) by 0.99 and subtract from equation (ii)

Given :

n

i

.

o

c

1.01x - 0.99x = b - 1.98

.

a

i

0.02x = b - 1.98

Differentiating both the sides, we get

Sol. 94

d

o

Sol. 95

.n

w

Given,

x (u, v) = uv

dx = v ,

du

And y (u, v) = v

u

2y

=- v2

2u

u

We know that,

R2x

S

2u

f (u, v) = S2y

S

S2u

T v

f (u, v) = >- 2v

u

Option (D) is correct.

0.02dx = db

dx = 1 = 50 unit

0.02

db = 1

dx = u

dv

2y

=1

2v u

2x VW

2v W

2y W

2v W

u X

1 H = v # 1 - u # - v = v + v = 2v

a u2 k

u u

u

u

u

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Radius of sphere r = 1

Radius of cone = R

Height of the cone = H

Finding the relation between the volume and Height of the cone

From DOBD ,

OB 2 = OD 2 + BD 2

1 = (H - 1) 2 + R2 = H 2 + 1 - 2H + R2

Given :

Let,

R2 + H 2 - 2H = 0

R2 = 2H - H 2

Volume of the cone,

V = 1 pR 2 H

3

2

Substitute the value of R from equation (i), we get

V = 1 p (2H - H 2) H = 1 p (2H 2 - H 3)

3

3

Differentiate V w.r.t to H

dV = 1 p [4H - 3H 2]

3

dH

...(i)

in

.

o

c

d 2 V = 1 p [4 - 6H]

3

dH 2

For minimum and maximum value, using the principal of minima and maxima.

Put dV = 0

dH

1 p [4H - 3H 2] = 0

3

H [4 - 3H] = 0 & H = 0 and H = 4

3

Again differentiate

.

a

i

d

o

n

d 2 V = 1 p 4 - 6 4 = 1 p [4 - 8] =- 4 p < 0 (Maxima)

# 3D 3

3 :

3

dH 2

d 2 V = 1 p [4 - 0] = 4 p > 0

And at H = 0 ,

(Minima)

3

3

dH 2

So, for the largest volume of cone, the value of H should be 4/3

At H = 4 ,

3

Sol. 96

.

w

2 ln (x)

dy

Given :

x2

+ 2xy =

x

dx

2 ln (x)

dy 2y

+

=

x

dx

x3

dy

+ P (y) = Q we

dx

2 ln (x)

have P = 2 and Q =

x

x3

The integrating factor is,

2

I.F.= e # Pdx = e # x dx

2

e2 lnx = e lnx = x2

Complete solution is written as,

y (I.F.) =

y (x2) =

Integrating the value

# Q (I.F.) dx + C

x

2

# 2 ln

# x dx + C

x3

# ln x # x1 dx

Separately

= 2 # ln x # 1 dx + C

x

(II)

(I)

...(i)

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

I =

Let,

# ln x # x1 dx

(I)

(II)

d (ln x)

1

# &dx

# # x dx 0 dx

= ln x # 1 dx x

= ln x ln x -

...(ii)

# x1 # ln xdx

From equation(ii)

1 4 44 2

4 44 3

I

2I = (ln x) 2

(ln x) 2

2

Substitute the value from equation (iii) in equation (i),

2 (ln x) 2

y (x2) =

+C

2

I =

or

x2 y = (ln x) 2 + C

Given y (1) = 0 , means at x = 1 &y = 0

n

i

.

o

c

...(iii)

...(iv)

then

0 = (ln 1) 2 + C & C = 0

So from equation (iv), we get

d

o

Now at x = e ,

Sol. 97

Sol. 98

.

a

i

x2 y = (ln x) 2

(ln e) 2

y (e) =

= 12

e2

e

Potential function of v = x2 yz at P (1, 1, 1) is = 12 # 1 # 1 = 1 and at origin

O (0, 0, 0) is 0.

Thus the integral of vector function from origin to the point (1, 1, 1) is

.n

w

= 6x2 yz @ P - 6x2 yz @O

= 1-0 = 1

Let,

f (x) = x3 + 3x - 7

From the Newton Rapsons method

f (xn)

xn + 1 = xn f l (xn)

We have to find the value of x1 , so put n = 0 in equation (i),

f (x 0)

x1 = x 0 f l (x 0)

Sol. 99

f (x) = x3 + 3x - 7

f (x 0) = 13 + 3 # 1 - 7 = 1 + 3 - 7 =- 3

f l (x) = 3x2 + 3

f l (x 0) = 3 # (1) 2 + 3 = 6

(- 3)

Then,

x1 = 1 = 1 + 3 = 1 + 1 = 3 = 1.5

6

6

2 2

Option (D) is correct.

We know a die has 6 faces and 6 numbers so the total number of ways

= 6 # 6 = 36

And total ways in which sum is either 8 or 9 is 9, i.e.

(2, 6), (3, 6) (3, 5) (4, 4) (4, 5) (5, 4) (5, 3) (6, 2) (6, 3)

Total number of tosses when both the 8 or 9 numbers are not come

...(i)

x0 = 1

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

= 36 - 9 = 27

Sol. 100

36

4

Option (C) is correct.

d 2y

dy

Given :

+ p + qy = 0

dx

dx2

The solution of this equation is given by,

y = c1 emx + c2 enx

Here m & n are the roots of ordinary differential equation

Given solution is,

y = c1 e-x + c2 e-3x

Comparing equation (i) and (ii), we get m =- 1 and n =- 3

Sum of roots,

m + n =- p

- 1 - 3 =- p & p = 4

and product of roots,

mn = q

...(i)

...(ii)

(- 1) (- 3) = q & q = 3

Sol. 101

in

.

o

c

d 2y

dy

Given :

+ p + (q + 1) y = 0

dx

dx2

.

a

i

d =D

dx

[D2 + pD + (q + 1)] y = 0

From the previous question, put p = 4 and m = 3

[D2 + 4D + 4] y = 0

The auxilliary equation of equation (i) is written as

d

o

n

...(i)

m2 + 4m + 4 = 0 & m =- 2, - 2

Here the roots of auxiliary equation are same then the solution is

.

w

Sol. 102

Given :

x = a (q + sin q), y = a (1 - cos q)

First differentiate x w.r.t. q,

dx = a [1 + cos q]

dq

dy

dq

dy

We know,

dx

dy

Substitute the values of

dq

dy

dx

Sol. 103

Let c1 = 0

o

c2 = 1

dy

dq = dy/dq

dq # dx dx/dq

and dx

dq

2 sin q2 cos q2

1

= a sin q #

= sin q =

a [1 + cos q] 1 + cos q

2 cos2 q2

q

sin 2

=

= tan q

cos q + 1 = 2 cos2 q

2

2

cos q2

=

Given : P (0.866, 0.500, 0), so we can write

P = 0.866i + 0.5j + 0k

Q = (0.259, 0.966, 0), so we can write

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Q = 0.259i + 0.966j + 0k

For the coplanar vectors

P : Q = P Q cos q

P:Q

cos q =

P Q

P : Q = (0.866i + 0.5j + 0k) : (0.259i + 0.966j + 0k)

= 0.866 # 0.259 + 0.5 # 0.966

0.866 # 0.259 + 0.5 # 0.966

(0.866) 2 + (0.5) 2 + (0.259) 2 + (0.966) 2

0.70729

= 0.707

= 0.22429 + 0.483 =

0.99 # 1.001

0.99 # 1.001

q = cos-1 (0.707) = 45c

cos q =

So,

Sol. 104

.

a

i

d

o

1+5+1 = 7

Sol. 105

Sol. 106

n

i

.

o

c

R1 2 3V

S

W

Let

A = S1 5 1W

SS3 1 1WW

We know that the sum of the Teigen value

X of a matrix is equal to the sum of the

diagonal elements of the matrix

So, the sum of eigen values is,

Option (D) is correct.

Given : Total number of cards = 52 and two cards are drawn at random.

Number of kings in playing cards = 4

So the probability that both cards will be king is given by,

.n

w

4

3

P = 52C1 # 51C1 = 4 # 3 = 1

52

51 221

C1

C1

Cr =

Given :

0,

U (t - a) = *

1,

for t < a

for t $ a

L [F (t)] =

L 6U (t - a)@ =

=

#0 3e-st f (t) dt

#0 3e-st U (t - a) dt

#0

a -st

(0) +

-as

-as

-st 3

L 6U (t - a)@ = :e D = 0 - :e D = e

-s

s

-s a

Sol. 107

First we have to make the table from the given data

n

r n-r

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Take x 0 = 0 and h = 1

P = x - x0 = x

h

From Newtons forward Formula

P (P - 1) 2

P (P - 1) (P - 2) 3

f (x) = f (x 0) + P Df (0) +

D f (0) +

D f (0)

1

2

3

x (x - 1) 2

x (x - 1) (x - 2) 3

= f (0) + xDf (0) +

D f (0) +

D f (0)

2

6

x (x - 1)

x (x - 1) (x - 2)

= 1 + x (1) +

(- 2) +

(12)

2

6

Then

= 1 + x - x (x - 1) + 2x (x - 1) (x - 2)

f (x) = 2x3 - 7x2 + 6x + 1

Sol. 108

V =

Given :

p/3

2p

#0 #0 #0

r2 sin fdrdfdq

V =

p/3

2p

#0 #0

V =1

3

#0

2p

.

w

2p

#0 #0

p/3

1 sin fdfdq

3

.

a

i

p/3

6- cos f@0 dq

d

o

n

=- 1

3

=- 1

3

in

.

o

c

r3 1

: 3 D sin fdfdq =

0

1 2p 1

p

9cos 3 - cos 0C dq =- 3 #0 :2 - 1D dq

2p

2p

#0 b- 12 ldq =- 13 # b- 12 l #0 dq

#0

2p

V = 1 6q@ 20p = 1 [2p - 0] = p

6

6

3

Sol. 109

R8

S

Let,

A =S 4

SS12

T

For singularity of the matrix A = 0

8 x 0

4 0 2 =0

12 6 0

x

0

6

0VW

2W

0WW

X

8 [0 - 2 # 6] - x [0 - 24] + 0 [24 - 0] = 0

8 # (- 12) + 24x = 0

- 96 + 24x = 0 & x = 96 = 4

24

Sol. 110

Let,

2

2

f (x) = lim sin x = lim sin x # x

x

x

x

x"0

x"0

2

= lim b sin x l # x

x

x"0

lim sin x = 1

x"0 x

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

= (1) 2 # 0 = 0

Alternative :

2

x

x"0

f (x) = lim 2 sin x cos x

1

x"0

= lim sin 2x = sin 0 = 0

1

1

x"0

Let

Sol. 111

Accuracy of Simpsons rule quadrature is O (h5).

Sol. 112

0

: 0 formD

Apply L-Hospital rule

4 1

A =>

1 4H

The characteristic equation for the eigen value is given by,

Let,

n

i

.

o

c

A - lI = 0

4 1

1 0

>1 4H - l >0 1H = 0

4-l

1

1 0

I = Identity matrix >

0 1H

.

a

i

1

=0

4-l

d

o

(4 - l) (4 - l) - 1 = 0

.n

w

(4 - l) - 1 = 0

l2 - 8l + 15 = 0

Solving above equation, we get

Sol. 113

Given :

l = 5, 3

x + 2y + z = 6

2x + y + 2z = 6

x+y+z = 5

Comparing to Ax = B ,we get

R1 2

S

A = S2 1

SS1 1

T

Write the system of simultaneous equations

R1 2 1 : 6V

S

W

6A: B@ = S2 1 2 : 6W

SS1 1 1 : 5WW

TR1 2 1 : X6V

W

S

+ S0 - 3 0 : - 6W

SS0 1 0 : 4WW

RT1 2 1 : 6VX

W

S

+ S0 - 3 0 : - 6W

SS0 0 0 : 6WW

X

T

It is a echelon form of matrix.

Since r 6A@ = 2 and r 5A: B? = 3

R6V

1VW

S W

2W, B = S6W

SS5WW

1WW

X

T X

in the form of Augmented matrix,

R2 " R2 - 2R1 and R 3 " 2R 3 - R2

R 3 " 3R 3 + R2

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

r [A] ! r [A: B ]

So, the system has no solution and system is inconsistent.

Sol. 114

Given : y = x2 and y = x .

The shaded area shows the area, which is bounded by the both curves.

In y = x2 putting y = x we have x = x2 or x2 - x = 0 which gives x = 0, 1

Then from y = x we can see that curve y = x2 and y = x intersects at point (0, 0)

and (1, 1). So, the area bounded by both the curves is

y=x

x=1

A=

x=0

# dydx =

Sol. 115

i

d

y=x

x=1

# (x

.

w

x=0

x=1

dy =

dx

y=x

dx 6y @xx

x=0

dy

+ y2 = 0

dx

dy

=- y2

dx

dy

- 2 = dx

y

Integrating both the sides, we have

dy

- # 2 = # dx

y

y-1 = x + c & y =

Sol. 116

y=x

x=1

3

2 1

- x) = :x - x D = 1 - 1 =- 1 = 1 unit2

3

2 0 3 2

6

6

o

n

x=0

in

.

# o

#

#

c

a.

1

x+c

Given :

F = xi - yj

First Check divergency, for divergence,

= 1-1 = 0

2x

2y

2z

Now checking the irrationalit;. For irritation the curl F = 0

Curl F = 4# F = ; 2 i + 2 j + 2 k E # [xi - yj]

2x

2y

2z

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

R

Si

= S2

S2x

Sx

T

So, vector field is irrotational. We

and irrotational.

Sol. 117

V

kW

2 W = i [0 - 0] - j [0 - 0] + k [0 - 0] = 0

2z W

0W

X

can say that the vector field is divergence free

j

2

2y

-y

Let

f (t) = sin wt

From the definition of Laplace transformation

L [F (t)] =

=

#0 3e-st f (t) dt

#0 3e-st b e

iwt

- e-iwt dt

l

2i

n

i

.

o

c

iwt

-iwt

3

sin wt = e - e

= 1 # (e-st eiwt - e-st e-iwt) dt

2i 0

2i

3

= 1 # 6e(- s + iw) t - e- (s + iw) t@ dt

2i 0

Integrating above equation, we get

a.

- (s + iw) t

(- s + iw) t

sin wt = 1 = e

- e

2i - s + iw - (s + iw)G

0

di

o

n

.

w

- (s + iw) t

(- s + iw) t

= 1 =e

+e

2i - s + iw (s + iw)G

0

Substitute the limits, we get

-0

e0

sin wt = 1 =0 + 0 - e

+ e

2i

(- s + iw) s + iw oG

=- 1 ; s + iw + iw - s E

2i (- s + iw) (s + iw)

2iw

=- 1 #

= -w

= 2w 2

2i

(iw) 2 - s 2 - w2 - s 2

w +s

Alternative :

From the definition of Laplace transformation

L [F (t)] =

We know

Then,

@

a + b2 6

3

-st

L [sin wt] = ; 2e 2 ^- s sin wt - w cos wt hE

s +w

0

a =- s and

o

b=w

-3

-0

= ; 2e 2 (- s sin 3 - w cos 3)E - ; 2 e 2 (- s sin 0 - w cos 0)E

s +w

s +w

= 0 - 2 1 2 [0 - w] =- 2 1 2 (- w)

s +w

s +w

w

L [sin wt] = 2

s + w2

Sol. 118

Given : black balls = 5, Red balls = 5, Total balls=10

Here, two balls are picked from the box randomly one after the other without

replacement. So the probability of both the balls are red is

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

5!

5!

5

# 3!2!

n

C

0

!

5

!

0 # C2

#

= 1 # 10 = 10 = 2 n Cr =

P =

=

10

45

45 9

C2

10!

r n-r

3!2!

5

Alternate Method :

Black balls = 5 ,

Red balls = 5

Total balls = 10

The probability of drawing a red bell,

P1 = 5 = 1

10 2

If ball is not replaced, then box contains 9 balls.

So, probability of drawing the next red ball from the box.

P2 = 4

9

Hence, probability for both the balls being red is,

P = P1 # P2 = 1 # 4 = 2

2

9 9

Option (A) is correct.

We know that a dice has 6 faces and 6 numbers so the total number of cases

(outcomes) = 6 # 6 = 36

And total ways in which sum of the numbers on the dices is eight,

(2, 6) (3, 5) (4, 4) (5, 3) (6, 2)

So, the probability that the sum of the numbers eight is,

p = 5

36

Option (D) is correct.

We have to draw the graph on x -y axis from the given functions.

Given :

Sol. 119

in

.

o

c

.

a

i

Sol. 120

.

w

d

o

n

-x

f (x) = * 0

x

x #- 1

x=0

x$1

i.e. in the domain [- 1, 1].

So, (a), (b) and (c) are differential and f (x) is maximum at (x, - x).

Sol. 121

If the scatter diagram indicates some relationship between two variables X and

Y , then the dots of the scatter diagram will be concentrated round a curve. This

curve is called the curve of regression.

Regression analysis is used for estimating the unknown values of one variable

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Sol. 122

3x + 2y + z = 4

x-y+z = 2

- 2x + 2z = 5

The Augmented matrix of the given system of equation is

R 3 2 1 : 4V

W

S

6A : B@ = S 1 - 1 1 : 2W R 3 " R 3 + 2R2 , R2 " R2 - R1

SS- 2 0 2 : 5WW

XV

TR

S 3 2 1 : 4W

+ S- 2 - 3 0 : - 2W

SS 0 - 2 4 : 9WW

X

Here r 6A : B@ = r 6A@ = 3T = n (number of unknown)

Then the system of equation has a unique solution.

Given :

Sol. 123

n

i

.

o

c

Given :

f (x, y) = 2x2 + 2xy - y3

Partially differentiate this function w.r.t x and y ,

2f

2f

= 2x - 3y2

= 4x + 2y ,

2x

2y

For the stationary point of the function, put 2f/2x and 2f/2y equal to zero.

2f

...(i)

& 2x + y = 0

= 4x + 2y = 0

2x

2f

and

...(ii)

& 2x - 3y2 = 0

= 2x - 3y2 = 0

2y

From equation (i), y =- 2x substitute in equation (ii),

.

a

i

d

o

.n

w

2x - 3 (- 2x) 2 = 0

2x - 3 # 4x2 = 0

6x2 - x = 0 & x = 0 , 1

6

For x = 0 ,

and for x = 1 ,

6

Sol. 124

y =- 2 # (0) = 0

y =- 2 # 1 =- 1

6

3

So, two stationary point at (0, 0) and b 1 , - 1 l

6

3

Option (B) is correct.

Sample space = (1, 1), (1, 2) ... (1, 8)

(2, 1), (2, 2)

(3, 1), (3, 2)

h

h

(8, 1), (8, 2)

f

f

h

f

(2, 8)

(3, 8)

h

(8, 8)

Now, the favourable cases when Manish will arrive late at D

= (6, 8), (8, 6)...(8, 8)

Total number of favourable cases = 13

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Totol number of sample space

= 13

64

So,

Sol. 125

Divergence is defined as d:r

r = xi + yj + zk

d= 2 i+ 2 j+ 2 k

2x

2y

2z

d:r = c 2 i + 2 j + 2 k m:(xi + yj + zk)

2x

2y

2z

where

and

So,

d:r = 1 + 1 + 1 = 3

Sol. 126

x+y = 2

2x + 2y = 5

The Augmented matrix of the given system of equations is

1 1 : 2

6A : B@ = >2 2 : 5H

Applying row operation, R2 " R2 - 2R1

Given :

1 1 : 2

6A : B@ = >0 0 : 1H

in

.

o

c

.

a

i

r [A] = 1 ! r 6A : B@ = 2

So, the system has no solution.

Sol. 127

d

o

n

.

w

f (x) = x

Given :

if x > 0

if x = 0

f (x) = *

-x

if x < 0

f (0 - h) - f (0)

- (- h)

Lf l (x) = lim

= lim

- 0 =- 1

h"0

h"0

-h

-h

f (0 + h) - f (0)

Rf l (x) = lim

= lim h - 0 = 1

h"0

h"0

h

h

x

0

Since

Lfl (0) ! Rf l (0)

So, derivative of f (x) at x = 0 does not exist.

Sol. 128

The surface integral of the normal component of a vector function F taken

around a closed surface S is equal to the integral of the divergence of F taken

over the volume V enclosed by the surface S .

= ### div Fdv

V

So, Gauss divergence theorem relates surface integrals to volume integrals.

Mathematically

Sol. 129

## F:n dS

S

3

f l (x) = x2 - 1

f (x) = x - x

3

f m (x) = 2x

Using the principle of maxima minima and put f l (x) = 0

Given :

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

x2 - 1 = 0 & x = ! 1

Hence at x =- 1,

(Maxima)

f m (x) =- 2 < 0

(Minima)

at x = 1,

f m (x) = 2 > 0

So, f (x) is minimum at x = 1

Sol. 130

Ra V

S 1W

Let

A = Sb1W, B = 8a2 b2 c2B

SSc WW

1

T X

C = AB

Ra a a b a c V

Ra V

1 2W

1 2

S1 2

S 1W

Let

= Sb1W # 8a2 b2 c2B = Sb1 a2 b1 b2 b1 c2W

SSc a c b c c WW

SSc WW

1 2

1 2

1

1 2

X also zero. So

T 2 # 2 minors are

X

T

The 3 # 3 minor of this matrix is zero and all the

the rank of this matrix is 1.

n

i

.

o

c

r 6C @ = 1

Sol. 131

.

a

i

2

q = 1-1 = 1

2 2

d

o

When unbiased coin is tossed three times, then total possibilities are

H H H

H H T

H T H

T H H

H T T

T T H

T H T

T T T

.n

w

From these cases, there are three cases, when head comes exactly two times.

So, the probability of getting head exactly two times, when coin is tossed 3 times

is,

2

P = 3C2 (p) 2 (q) 1 = 3 # b 1 l # 1 = 3

2

2

8

***********

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