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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solution


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)
Q.1 - Q. 5 Carry one mark each.

The sum of the digits of a two digit number is


12. IF the new number formed by reversing the
digits is greater than the original number by
54, find the original number.
(A) 39
(B) 57

If I were you, I _____ that laptop. Its much too


expensive.
(A) wont buy
(B) shant buy
(C) wouldnt buy

(D) would buy

(C) 66

Ans. (C)
Wouldnt buy

Ans. (A)
Let the number be xy

He turned a deaf ear to my request.


What does the underlined phrasal verb mean ?
(A) ignored
(B) appreciated
(C) twisted

sum of digits = x + y = 12
No. formed by reversing the digits
(yx) = 10y+x

(D) returned

(10 y +x) (10 x + y) = 54

Ans. (A)
Igonored

x + y = 12

(B) Were, their, there

T
6.

(x% of y) + (y% of x) is equivalent to _____.


(A) 2% of xy
(B) 2% of (xy/100)

IE
(D) 100% of xy

Ans. (A)

x
xy
x% of y y

ie 1% of xy
100 100
xy
xy

i.e 1% of xy
100 100

[Note: directly it can be said it is 2% of xy]


(x% of y) (y% x)

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x 3

(C) xy% of 100

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Two finance companies, P and Q, declared


fixed annual rates of interest on the amounts
invested with them. The rates of interest offered
by these companies may differ from year to
year. Year-wise annual rates of interest offered
by these companies are shown by the line
graph provided below.

Ans. (C)
Where there is a will, there is a way

y% of x

y 9

Q.6 - Q. 10 Carry one mark each.

(C) Where, there, there


(D) Where, their, their

2y = 18

No. is 39

(A) Wear, there, their

... (2)

x + y = 6

Chose the most appropriate set of words from


the options given below to complete the
following sentence.
_____ _____ is a will, _____ is a way.

4.

9x + 9y = 54

3.

... (i)

2.

(D) 93

1.

5.

2xy
2% of xy
100

2000

9.5

2001

2002

10
9
8

2003

8
7.5

2004

6.5
2005

2006

If the amounts invested n the companies, P


and Q, in 2006 are in the ratio 8:9, then the
amounts received after one year s interests
from companies P and Q would be in the
ratio :
(A) 2:3

(B) 3:4

(C) 6:7

(D) 4:3

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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solutions


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)

rQ =4%

Ans. (B)
These are facts. Consider Humans a
mammals B Engineers C

for 2006

Let amount invested in P = 8x

Let amount invested in Q = 9x

8x 6
Interest after one year in P =
100

B
A
C

9x 4
Interest after one year in Q =
100

Here all 3 facts hold. But only III is true all


no it.

Ratio of interest = 8x x 6 : 9x 4
9.

= 48 : 36

Today, we consider Ashoka as a great ruler


because of the copious evidence he left behind
in the form of stone carved edicts. Historians
tend to correlate greatness of a king at his
time with the availability of evidence today.
Which of the following can be logically inferred
from the above sentences ?

x2

(C)

0.50x 2

8.

IE

Ans. (D)

Fact 1 : Humans are mamals,


Fact 2 : Some humans are engineers.
Fact 3 : Engineers build houses.
If the above statements are facts, which of the
following can be logically inferred ?
I.

All mammals build houses.

II.

Engineers are mammals.

III.

Some humans are not engineers.

(A) II only

(B) III only

(C) I, II and III

(D) I only

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slant height
x/4

Area of 1 face =

(D) A kings greatness, as we know him today, is interpreted by historians.

(D) 0.25x 2

x/2

x/2

(B) Ashoka produced stone carved edicts to


ensure that later historians with respect
him.
(C) Statues of kings are a reminder of their
greatness.

(B) 0.75x 2

Ans. (D)
It has similar

(A) Emperors who do not leave significant


sculpted evidence are completely forgotten.

(A)

7.

4 : 3 Ans.

A square pyramid has a base perimeter x, and


the slant height is half of the perimeter. What
is the lateral surface area of the pyramid ?

Ans. (D)
rp = 6%

Height =
10.

1
base height.
2
2

x x
2 8 0.484 x

Ananth takes 6 hours and Bharath takes 4


hours to read a book. Both started reading
copies of the book at the same time. After
how many hours is the number of pages to be
read by Ananth, twice that to be ready by
Bharath? Assume Ananth and Bharath read all
the pages will constant pace.
(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3

(D) 4

Ans. (C)
1
th of the book
6
1
and in one hour Bharath reads th of the
6
book
Lets say after x hrs:

In one hour Ananth reads

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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solution


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)
x
6
x
No. of pages to be read by Bharath = 1
4
x
x

x
x
1 2 1 1 2
6
6
2
4
3x x
1 x 3

6 6
End of the Question Paper

= 6 8

3.

The Fourier series of the function,


f x 0,

in the interval , is

The spot speeds (expressed in km/hr) observed


at a road section are 66, 62, 45, 79, 32, 51,
56, 60, 53 and 49. the median speed
(expressed in km/hr) is _____.
(Note : answer with one decimal accuracy)

sin x sin2x sin3x

....
2
3
1

The convergence of the above Fourier series at


x = 0 gives

3 62

2 66

n 1

(B)

(A)

4 60
5 56

6 53
7 51
8 45
10 32

n2

n1

2
6

1n1 2
n2

12

2
8

(C)

2n 1
n1

Speed 54.5

(D)

n1

The optimum v alue of the f unction

IE

V5 V6
56 53
=
2
2

Median speed =

1n1
2n 1

Ans. (C)

f x x 2 4x 2 is

(A) 2 (maximum)

(B) 2 (minimum)

(C) 2 (maximum)

(D) 2 (minimum)

4.

X and Y are two random independent events.


It is known that P(X) = 0.40 and P X Y C
= 0.7. Which one of the following is the value

Ans. (D)
2 (minimum)

of P X Y ?
2

f(x) = x 4x 2
f (x) = 2x 4 0
x 2

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2 cos x cos3x

.....
4 12
32

d x

1 79

x 0

x, 0 x

Ans.

2.

minima

f(2) 2

Q.1 - Q. 25 Carry one mark each.


1.

and f 2 0

f(2) (2)2 4 (2) (2)

No. of pages to be read by Ananth = 1

Institute for Engineers


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(A) 0.7

(B) 0.5

(C) 0.4

(D) 0.3

Ans. (A)
P(x) = 0.4

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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solutions


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)
P (x U yc) = 0.7 = P(X) + P (yc) P(x yc)
0.7 = P(x) +

P(yc)

P(x)

r=3
j=7
kinematic indeterminancy = 2j R
= 2 7 3 = 11

P(yc)

0.7 = 0.4 + P(yc) 0.4 P (yc)


0.6 P(yc) = 0.3

7.

P (yc) = 0.5

1 P(y) = (0.5)

P (y) 0.5

As per IS 456-2000 for the design of reinforced


concrete beam, the maximum allowable shear

stress Cmax

(B) grade oc concrete only

(C) grade of steel only

= 0.4 + 0.5 0.4 0.5

What is the value of lim

x 0
y 0

Ans.

5.

P (x y) 0.7

(D) grade of concrete and percentage of reinforcement


Ans. (B)
According to IS 4562000

xy
?
x2 y2

8.

An assembly made of a rigid arm A-B-C at


end A and supported by an elastic rope C-D at
end C is shown in the figure. The members
may be assumed to be weightless and the
lengths of the respective members are as
shown in the figure.

(A) 1
(B) 1

(C) 0
(D) Limit does not exist

IE

The kinematic indeterminacy of the plane truss


shown in the figures is

L
Rigid arm

Rope

C
L

Under the action of a concentrated load P at


C as shown, the magnitude of tension
developed in the rope is

(A) 11

(B) 8

(C) 3

(D) 0

Ans. (A)

Ans. (D)
A limit should be same for every function. But
1
here f or y = x, l imit =
and f or
2
2
y = 2x limit =
Doesnt exist
5
6.

depends on the

(A) grade of concrete and grade of steel

P(xUy) = p(x) p(y) p(x y)

(A)

3P
2

(B)

P
2

(C)

3P
8

(D)

2P

m = 11

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Institute for Engineers


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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solution


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)
Ans. (B)

P
2

Wood work

Cooling

Handing over function

3
I

Taking moment about A

T
T
L
L
2
2

(C) 0 and 0

(D) 81 and 0

(38, 38)

(1, 1)

(0, 0)
1

As per Indian standards for bricks, minimum


acceptable compressive strength of any class
of burnt clay bricks in dry state is
(A) 10.0 MPa
(B) 7.5 MPa

(D) 3.5 MPa

11.

Ans. (D)
3.5 MPa is minimum acceptable compressive
strength of burnt clay bricks

A concentration project consists of twelve


activities. The estimated duration (in days)
required to complete each of the activities along
with the corresponding network diagram is
shown below.
Activity
Duration

IE
A

Inauguration

Foundation work

Structural construction-1

30

Structural construction-2

30

Brick masonry work

25

Plastering

Flooring

25

Electrification

Plumbing

J
7

(77, 77)
10

G
5

(38, 38)

(63, 63)

(81,81)
12

25

(80,80)
L
11
3
1

(70, 70)

As we can observe that each path is a ciritical


path, hence total float of each activity will be
zero (0). option (c) 0 and 0.
A strip footing is resting on the surface of a
purely clayey soil deposit. If the width of the
footing is doubled, the ultimate bearing capacity
of the soil
(A) becomes double
(B) becomes half

10.

12

(70, 70)
F

30

(C) 5.0 MPa

30

9.

(8, 8)

(63, 63)

25

(B) 1 and 1

Ans. (C)

2T P

11

(A) 25 and 1

PL =

Total floats (in days) for the activities 5-7 and


11-12 for the project are respectively,

45

10

(C) becomes four-times


(D) remains the same
Ans. (D)
remains the same
qnu = CNC, It does not have any factor of width
12.

The relationship between the specific gravity of


sand (G) and the hydraulic gradient (i) to initiate
quick condition in the sand layer having porosity
of 30% is
(A) G = 0.7i + 1
(B) G = 1.43i 1
(C) G = 1.43i + 1
(D) G = 0.7i 1

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Institute for Engineers


IES/GATE/PSUs

Office : F-126, Katwaria Sarai, New Delhi-110016 (Phone : 011-41013406, 8130909220, 9711853908)
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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solutions


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)

Ans. (C)
e

icr = i

1m

n
0.3 3

1 n 0.7 7

Floor

3
G 1 = i 1
7

10 m

(B) 1.50

(C) 1.77

(D) 2.00

T
(A) 2.75 m

(B) 1.25 m
(C) 0.8 m
(D) Data not sufficient

Ans. (B)
15.

Water table of an aquifer drops by 100 cm


over an area of 1000 km2. The porosity and
specific retention of the aquifer material are
25% and 5% respectively. The amount of water
(expressed in km3) drained out from the area
is _____.

IE

2
= 60 kN/m

Ans. (0.2 km3)


nr = 5% ; n = 25%

c 90

1.5
60

= 0.2 1 1000 106


= 0.2 109 m3
Ans. 0.2 km3

16.

Institute for Engineers


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nr ny = n

ny = 25 5 = 20%

Amount of water drained out

Profile of a weir on permeable foundation is


shown in figure I and an elementary profile
upstream pile only case according to Khoslas
theory is shown in figure II. The uplift pressure
heads at key points Q, R and S are 3.14 m,
2.75 m and 0 m, respectively (refer figure II).

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Figure -II

What is the uplift pressure head at point P


downstream of the weir (junction of floor and
pile as shown in the figure I)?

= (16 10) 10

OCR =

40 m

= sub 10

R
5m

4m

(A) 0.67

5m

The results of a consolidation test on an


undisturbed soil, sampled at a depth of 10 m
below the ground level are as follows :
Saturated unit weight : 16 kN/m3
Pre-consolidation pressure : 90 kPa
The water table was encountered at the ground
level. Assuming the unit weight of water as 10
kN/m3, the over-consolidation ratio of the soil
is

10 m

25 m

Figure -I

Ans. (B) 1.5

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5m

G 1.43 i 1 Ans.

14.

Weir

3m

G 1
= i
1 e

13.

Gate

Group I contains the type of fluids while Group

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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solution


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)

Shear stress

II contains the shear stress - rate of shear


relationship of different types of fluids, as shown
in the figure.
5

settling tanks in parallel. The required diameter


(expressed in m) of the settling tanks is _____.
Ans. (6.909 m)
Discharge through one tank
=

4
2

Area =
yield stress

1500
750 m3 /day
2

discharge
750 m3 /day

37.5 m2
overflow rate
20 m/day

d 6.909 m

19.

Group I

Group II
1. Curve 1

Q.

Pseudo plastic fluid 2. Curve 2

R.

Plastic fluid

3. Curve 3

S.

Dilatant fluid

4. Curve 4

5. Curve 5

Newtonian fluid

P.

The correct match between Group I and Group


II is

Ans. (385.714)

(A) P-2, Q-4, R-1, S-5

The hardness of a ground water sample was


found to be 420 mg/L as CaCO3. A softener
containing ion exchange resign was installed
to reduce the total hardness to 75 mg/L as
CaCO3 before supplying to 4 households. Each
household gets treated water at a rate of 540
L/day. If the efficiency of the softener is 100%,m
the bypass flow rate (expressed in L/day) is
_____.

Rate of shear

2
d 37.5
4

Regime softener (0 mg/L)

(B) P-2, Q-5, R-4, S-1

PUMP

(C) P-2, Q-4, R-5, S-3

Tank
420 mg/L)

(D) P-2, Q-1, R-3, S-4

540
540
540
540

Bypass flow

Ans. (C)

The atmospheric layer closest to the earth


surface is

IE

17.

75 mg/L

75 =

420 Q1 Q2 0
Q1 Q2

75 =

420 Q1
2160

(A) the mesosphere


(B) the stratosphere
(C) the thermosphere

Q1 385.714

(D) the troposphere


Ans. (D)
18.

20.

A water supply board is responsible for treating


1500 m 3/day of water. A settling column
analysis indicates that an overflow rate of 20
m/day will produce satisfactory removal for a
depth of 3.1 m. It is decided to have two circular

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The sound pressure (expressed in Pa ) of


the faintest sound that a normal healthy
individual can hear is
(A) 0.2
(B) 2
(C) 20

(D) 55

Ans. (C)

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21.

GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solutions


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)

In the contest of the IRC 58-2011 guidelines


for rigid pavement design, consider the following
pair of statements.
I : Radius of relative stiffens is directly related modulus of elasticity of concrete
and inversely related to Poissons ratio.
II : Radius of relative stiffness is directly related to thickness of slab and modulus of
subgrade reaction.

(C) either side-lap or end-lap


(D) both side-lap as well as end-lap
Ans. (D)
During optimal flight planning photogrammetric
survey should be carried out considering both
side-lap as well as end-lap (i.e., longitudinal)
lap
24.

Which one of the following combinations is


correct ?

The reduced bearing of a 10 m long line is


N30E. The departure of the line is
(A) 10.00 m
(B) 8.66 m

(A) I : True; II : True

(C) 7.52 m

(D) 5.00 m

Ans. (D)

(B) I : False; II : False

AB = 10 m

(C) I : True; II : False

30

Ans. (B)
1/4

Departure = AB sin 30

as , 1 2 l radius of relative

1
2
= 5.00 m obtion (D)

(C) 1.732 R
Ans. (A)

(D) 30

Ans. (A)
If veh/day ranges 3000 to 6000, min
percentage of traffic to be surveyed is 15%.

(D) 3.464 R

23.

60

tan

(C) 25

A circular curve of radius R connects two


straights with a deflection angle of 60. The
tangent length is
(A) 0.577 R
(B) 1.155 R

IE

If the total number of commercial vehicles per


day ranges from 3000 to 6000, the minimum
percentage of commercial traffic to be surveyed
for axle load is
(A) 15
(B) 20

25.

0.5
77
R

l h3/4
Statement II is also false
1
l 1/4
k

= 10

30
=

stiffness and poissons ratio are not inversely


related

22.

Eh3
l =
12 (1 2 )k

Statement I is false.

(D) I : False; II : True

30

60

Optimal flight planning for a photogrammetric


survey should be carried out considering
(A) only side-lap
(B) only end-lap

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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solution


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)

(C) Mean of f(x) and g(s) are different; Variance of f(x) and g(x) are same.

Q.26 - Q. 55 Carry two marks each.


Consider the following linear system.

(D) Mean of f(x) and g(s) are different; Variance of f(x) and g(x) are different.

x 2y 3z a
2x 3y 3z b

Ans. (B)

5x 9y 6z c

28.

The angle of intersection of the curve x 2 4y

The system is consistent if a, b and c satisfy


the equation

and y 2 4x at point (0, 0) is

(A) 7a b c = 0
(B) 3a + b c = 0

(A) 0

(B) 30

(C) 45

(D) 90

Ans. (D) 90

(C) 3a b + c = 0

(D) 7a b + c = 0

1 2 3 a
1 2 3 a
R2 2R1 R2
2 3 3 b

R3 5R1R3 0 1 9 2a b
5 9 6 c
0 1 9 5a c
2a b = 5a c

x2 = 4y,

In

If f(x) and g(x) are two probability density


functions,

27.

3a b c 0

29.

dy
4

at (0, 0)
dx 2 4x
between them = 90

The area between the parabola x2 = 8y and


the straight line y = 8 is _____.

Ans. (85.33)

IE

y =8

x
a : a x 0

x
g x : 0 x a
a
0: otherwise

8
x2
2
8

dx
A = 0
8

x3
64
= 2 8x
2 64
0 85.33
24
3

Which of the following statements is true ?


(A) Mean of f(x) and g(s) are same; Variance
of f(x) and g(x) are same.
(B) Mean of f(x) and g(s) are same; Variance
of f(x) and g(x) are different.

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dy x
0 at (0, 0)
dx 2

y2 = 4x,

x
a 1: a x 0
f x
x 1: 0 x a
a

90

Ans. (B)

26.

30.

The quadratic approximation of f(x) =

x 3 3x 2 5 at the point x = 0 is
(A)

3x 2 6x 5

(B) 3x 2 5

(C)

3x 2 6x 5

(D) 3x 2 5

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10

GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solutions


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)

Ans. (B)

The shear stress is


f(x) = x3 3x2 5

(x a)
(x a)2
f
f(x) = f(a) f (a)
1!
2!
approximation at x = 0
= f(0) f (0)x f (0)

(B) 5.0 MPa

(C) 2.5 MPa

(D) 0.0 MPa

Ans. (B)

x2
2

x 5
y 5

f (x) = 3x2 6x
f(0) = 0
f (x) 6x 6

(A) 10.0 MPa

(5, )

approximation = 5 0 x ( 6)
=

An elastic isotropic body is an hydrostatic state


of stress as shown in the figure. For no change
in the volume to occur, what should be its
Poissons ratio ?

(0, 0)

(5, )

55
(0)2 2
2

10 =

Ans.

(10, 0)

31.

3x2

x2
2

f (0) 6

33.

w
R

The portal frame shown in the figure is


subjected to a uniformly distributed vertical load
w (per unit length).

(A) 0.00

(B) 0.25

(C) 0.50

(D) 1.00

L/2
P

Ans. (C)

32.

V 0


2 (1 2) 0
E
E E

IE

V 0

The bending moment in the beam at the joint


Q is
(A) zero

0.5

For the stress state (in MPa) shown in the


figure, the major principal stress is 10 MPa.
5

(B)

wL2
hogging
24

(C)

wL2
hogging
12

(D)

wL2
hogging
8

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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solution


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)
Ans. (C)

Ans. (A)
This can be treated as simply supported

11

F1

AP

F2
45

MQ 0

(S)

50 2
100 kN

90
S
w

F1

Consider the structural system shown in the


figure under the action of weight W. All the
joints are hinged. The properties of the members
in terms of length (L), area (A) and the modulus
of elasticity (E) are also given in the figure. Let
L, A and E be 1 m, 0.052 and 30106 N/m2,
respectively, and W be 100 kN.

2A, E

45
45

S
90

100 2F 100 2

F 50 2

T
45
R
45

45

F3

IE

Which one of the following sets gives the


correct values of the force, stress and change
in length of the horizontal member QR ?

(B) Compressive force = 14.4 kN; Stress =


141.4 kN/m2; Shortening = 0.0118 m
(C) Compressive force = 100 kN; Stress =
1000 kN/m2; Shortening = 0.0417 m
(D) Compressive force = 100 kN; Stress =
1000 kN/m2; Shortening = 0.0417 m

P (l 2)
0.0417 m
2AE
100
1000 kN/m2
Stress =
2 A

Shortening =

35.

A haunched (varying depth) reinforced concrete


beam is simply supported at both ends, a
shown in the figure. The beam is subjected to
a uniformly distributed factored load of intensity
10 kN/m. The design shear force (expressed
in kN) at the section X-X of the beam is _____.
5m
10 kN/m

600 mm

40 kN/m

Effective span = 20 m

Ans. (65)
Vu = 50 kN
Mu = 375 kNm
design shear = Vu

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F4 50 2

50 2

(A) Compressive force = 25 kN; Stress =


250 kN/m2; Shortening = 0.0118 m

Institute for Engineers


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F3 100 kN (compressive)

A, E

IES MASTER

FV 0

45

F3 + 50 2 =0

A, E

F2

F4

A,
E

F1 F2

A, E

90
P

34.

Mu tan
d

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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solutions


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)
= 50

36.

375 200
65 kN
0.5 10000

A 450 mm long plain concrete prism is


subjected to the concentrated vertical loads
as shown in the figure. Cross section of the
prism is given as 150 mm 150 mm.
Considering linear stress distribution across
the cross-section, the modulus of rupture
(expressed in MPa) _____.

(A)

p 2 2gd

(B) p2 4gd

(C)

p2 4gd

(D) p 4gd

Ans. (C)
(B 2d)t

P2
t > (B d)t
4g
P2
d
4g

11.25 kN 11.25 kN

P2 > 4gd

R
150 mm

38.
150 mm

A f ixed-end beam is subjected to a


concentrated load (P) as shown in the figure.
The beam has two different segments having
different plastic moment capacities (MP, 2MP)
as shown.

Q
150 mm

12

Ans.(3)

2L/3

M
Z

Modules of rupture =
=

(150)
6

3 MPa

Two bolted plates under tension with alternative


arrangement of bolt holes are shown in figures
1 and 2. The hole diameter, pitch, and gauge
length are d, p and g, respectively.

IE

37.

11.25 0.15 10

MP
2 MP

The minimum value of load (P) at which the


beam would collapse (ultimate load) is
(A) 7.5 MP/L

(B) 5.0 MP/L

(C) 4.5 MP/L

(D) 2.5 MP/L

Ans. (A)
First mechanism
P

2MP

MP

Figure 1

2MP
P

2l
4P

3
3

Figure 2

Which one of the following conditions must be


ensured to have higher net tensile capacity of
configuration shown in Figure 2 than that
shown in Figure 1 ?

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2MP

2L

3
2PL
4MP 3MP

2MP MP 2MP MP P

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8.25 MP
l

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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solution


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)

coefficient of permeability of the soil is 3 mm/


min and the head loss is 5 m. The rate of
seepage (expressed in cm3/s per m length of
the dam) through the earthen dam is _____.

Second mechanims
P

2MP

Ans. (5)

MP

2L

7.5 MP
l

= 5 104 m3 /s/m
q 500 cm3 /s/m

8.25 MP 7.5 MP
,

P = min
l
l

41.

sand and layer underlain by a c- soil as

7.5 MP
l

option A

shown in figure. The water table is found 1 m


below the ground level. The entire soil mass is
retained by a concrete retaining wall and is in
the active state. The back of the wall is smooth
and vertical The total active earth pressure
(expressed in kN/m2 at point A as per Rankines
theory is _____.

70

W
3
80

10

20

R
4

40

U
3

50

S
4

X
2

Sand
3

4m

V
2

60

The critical duration for this construction project


is

(C) 15 days

IE

TE = 0
10

TE = 2
P
20
2

R
4

30

40

S
3

TE = 5

c soil

70

5
50
TE = 6

60

Ka2 =

= 79.33

50
T E = 15

a = Ka2 A w 7 2 25 Ka2

= 0.4217 79.33 7 9.81 50 0.4217

Project completion time is = 15 days

a 69.654

The seepage occurring through an earthen dam


is represented by a flow net comprising of 10
equipotential drops and 20 flow channels. The

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1 sin 24
0.4217
1 sin 24

A = 16.5 + 4 (19 9.81) + 3 (18.5 9.81)

option (c)
40.

c 25 kN/m2 , 24

Ans. (69654)

W
3
T E = 13
X
80
2

U
3

TE = 6

sat 18.5 kN/m3 , w 9.81kN/m3

T E = 10
T

32

(D) 16 days

Ans. (C)
TE calculation by forward path method is:
Q
3
TE = 6

sat 19 kN/m , w 9.81kN/m3 ,

3m

(B) 14 days

(A) 13 days

bulk 16.5 kN/m3

1m

90

P
2

T
5

30

The activity-on-arrow network of activities for a


construction project is shown in the figure. The
duration (expressed in days) of the activities
are mentioned below the arrows.
Q
3

the soil profile at a site consists of a 5 m thick

39.

Nf 3 103

52
Nd
60

5MP = P

q = kH

MP

MP

2L/3

13

42.

OMC-SP and MDD-SP denote the optimum


moisture content and maximum dry density
obtained from standard Proctor compaction
test, respectively. OMC-MP and MDD-MP

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14

GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solutions


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)

denote the optimum moisture content and


maximum dry density obtained from the
modified Proctor compaction test, respectively.
Which one of the following is correct ?
(A) OMC-SP < OMC-MP and MDD-SP <
MDD-MP
(B) OMC-SP > OMC-MP and MDD-SP <
MDD-MP

600 mm

(C) OMC-SP < OMC-MP and MDD-SP >


MDD-MP

option 2

150 mm

h
200 10
5
k1 1 h1
m
4
l1
24
15 60 80 10

Standard proctor test

minturn content

OMC-MP OMC SP

OMC SP > OMC MP


MDD SP < MOD MP

Water flows from P to Q through two soil


samples, Soil 1 and Soil 2, having cross
sectional area of 80 cm2 as shown in the figure.
Over a period of 15 minutes, 200 ml of water
was observed to pass through any cross
section. the flow conditions can be assumed
to be steady state. If the coefficient of
permeability of Soil 1 is 0.02 mm/s, the
coefficient of permeability of Soil 2 (expressed
in mm/s) would be _____.

IE

43.

150 mm

q = ki l i A

modified proctor test

d SP

Ans. (0.0454)

d MP

Soil 2

Soil 1

Ans. (B)
Modified proctor compaction test we use heavy
load

(D) OMC-SP > OMC-MP and MDD-SP >


MDD-MP

300 mm

l1 0.15 m

Now,
K1 h1 = k2 h2 and h1 + h2 = 0.3
K2

K1h1
h2

h2

K2 0.0454 mm/sec
44.

11
120

Ans.

A 4 m wide strip footing is founded at a depth


of 1.5 m below the ground surface in a c-
soil as shown in the figure. The water table is
at a depth of 5.5 m below ground surface. The
soil properties are c = 25 kN/m2, 28.63 ,
and
sat 19kN m 3 ,
bulk 17kN m 3
w 9.981 kN m3 . The values of bearing
capacity factors for different are given below..

NC

Nq

15 12.9 4.4

2.5

20 17.7 7.4

5.0

25 25.1 12.7 9.7


30 37.2 22.5 19.7

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Office : F-126, Katwaria Sarai, New Delhi-110016 (Phone : 011-41013406, 8130909220, 9711853908)
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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solution


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)

15

water jet

1.5 m

20 mm

4m

5.5 m

Plate

30

Ans. (7.854)

Change in momentum in x-direction

Ans. (298.48)

Local shear failure tan = tan


3

2
= 0.54589 0.36393
3
20

So, corresponding NC = 17.7 Nq = 7.4 N 5


qnu =

30

200 mm

x
F

= Q V sin30

AV 2 sin 30 100 F 200

IE

Taking moment about hinge

F =

746.2
298.48 kN/m2
Safe Bearing capacity =
2.5

A square plate is suspended vertically from


one of its edges using a hinge support as
shown in figure. A water jet of 20 mm diameter
having a velocity of 10 m/s strikes the plate at
its midpoint, at an angle of 30 with the vertical.
Consider g as 9.81 m/s2 and neglect the selfweight of the plate. The force F (expressed in
N) required to keep the plate in its vertical
position is _____.

hinge

= AV 2 sin 30

2C
1
Nc q(Nq 1) B N
3
2

2 35 17.7
1
1.5 17 6.4 4 17 5
=
3
2
= 746.2 kN/m2

45.

Using Terzaghis bearing capacity equation and


a factor of safety Fs = 2.5, the -net safe bearing
capacity (expressed in kN/m2) for local shear
failure of the soil is _____.

200 mm

=
46.

1
A V 2 sin30
2
1

1
1000 0.022 102
2
4
2

The ordinates of a one-hour unit hydrography


at sixty minute interval are 0, 3, 12, 8, 6, 3
and 0 m3/s. A two-hour storm of 4 cm excess
trainfall occurred in the basin from 10 AM.
Considering constant base flow of 20 m3/s,
the flow of the river (expressed in m3/s) at 1
PM is _____.

Ans. (60)
Convert One-hour unit hydrogrph to two hour
unit hydrograph at 1 pm means at 3rs hour

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Office : F-126, Katwaria Sarai, New Delhi-110016 (Phone : 011-41013406, 8130909220, 9711853908)
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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solutions


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)

Ordinate of Lag
1 hr UH

0
1
2
3
4
5
6

0
3
12
8
6
3
0

Addition

Ordinate of 2 hr
unit hydrograph

0
3
15
20
14
9
3
0

0
1.5
7.5
10
7
4.5
1.5
0

0
3
12
8
6
3
0

in the reservoir is 500 m. Consider the head


loss due to friction as 5% of the velocity head
available at the jet. Assume unit weight of water
= 10 kN/m3 and acceleration due to gravity(g)
= 10 m/s2. If the overall efficiency is 80%,
power generated (expressed in kW and rounded
to nearest integer) is _____.
Ans. (6570)
Energy equation

Flow of river = rainfall excess ordinate of 2


hr. unit hydrograph + base flow
= 4 10 + 20
= 60 m3/s

H=

Flow of the river at 1PM 60 m3 /s

Energy at upstream = y

V2
2g

(6 3 0.5)2
= 1.3155 m
2 9.81
Energy at downstream = critical energy

= 0.5

1/3

IE

=
=

3
3 q2
yc
2
2 g

T
= 0.8

1.5 0.7415
1.11229 m

6569.74 kW 67570 kW

A tracer takes 100 days to travel from Well-1


to Well-2 which are 100 m apart. The elevation
of water surface in Well-2 is 3 m below that in
Well-1. Assuming porosity equal to 15%, the
coefficient of permeability (expressed in m/day)
is
(A) 0.30
(B) 0.45
(C) 1.00

h
3

L 100
V = ki

i =

0.15 =
Option D

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100
1m/day
100

Discharge velocity = n seepage velocity


= 0.15 1 =0.15 m/day

A penstock of 1 m diameter and 5 km length


is used to supply water from a reservoir to an
impulse turbine. A nozzle of 15 cm diameter is
fixed at the end of the penstock. The elevation
difference between the turbine and water level

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(D) 5.00

Seepage velocity =

0.203 m

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1000 0.152 97.593


2
4

Ans. (D)

(z)max 1.315 1.11229

48.

2 10 500
97.59 m/s
1.05

1 2
Power generated = 0 v1
2

49.

Ans. (0.203)

V=

V2
V2
0.05
2g
2g

A 3 m wide rectangular channel carries a flow


of 6 m3/s. The depth of flow at a section P is
0.5 m. A flat-topped hump is to be placed at
the downstream of the section P. Assume
negligible energy loss between section P and
hump, and consider g as 9.81 m/s2. The
maximum height of the hump (expressed in
m) which will not change the depth of flow at
section P is _____.

47.

500 =

p 0
V2

hL , hL = 5% of velocity head

2g

16

K 3
100

K 5 m/day

K 5 m/day

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GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solution


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)
50.

A sample of water has been analyzed for


common ions and results are presented in the
form of a bar diagram as shown.
meq/L 0

2.65
2+

Ca

4.10
Mg

Na

3.30

6.85
K

Cl

3.90

6.75

= (prms )60

The non-carbonate hardness (expressed in mg/


L as CaCO3) of the sample is
(B) 165

(C) 195

(D) 205

D60

Now,

E
T

= 4.1 50 = 205 mg/L as CaCO3

= 3.3 50 = 165 mg/L of CaCO3


Non-carbonate hardness = 205 165

52.

= 40 mg/L of CaCO3

Alklinity = 3.3 Meq/L of HCO3

40 mg/L

A noise meter located at a distance of 30 m


from a point source recorded 74 dB. The
reading at a distance of 60 m from the point
source would be _____,

IE

For a wastewater sample, the three-day


biochemical oxygen demand at incubation
temperature of 20C (BOD3day, 20C) is estimated
as 200 mg/L. Taking the value of the first order
BOD reaction rate constant as 0.22 day1, the
five-day BOD (expressed in mg/L) of the
wastewater at incubation temperature of 20C
(BOD5day, 20C) would be _____.

BOD3 = L0 (1 e3k)
1
rms

BOD5 = L0 (1 e5k)

r2

Here r = Distance between point source


and noise meter
So,

(Pressure)rms

BOD5 =

1
r

Now, Sound (In dB) = 20 log10


74 20 log10

prms30

prms 3
20

74

20 10 20

for 30 meter

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w 60 67.98 dB Ans.

Ans. (276.2)

Background

Intensity (Pressure)2

(prms )30
2 20
(prms )30
20 log 102
= 20 log10
20
= 74 6.01

= 20 log10

= 4.1 meq/L

Ans.

(prms )60
20

Noise level at 60 m

= 2.65 + (4.1 2.65)

51.

= 20log10

Ans. (A)
Total hardenss = meq/L of Ca+2 and Mg+2

Option A

(prms )30
2

(A) 40

1
r

(prms ) 60
30
(p ) 30 =
60
rms

SO 24

HCO 3
meq/L 0

6.35

2+

Now as prms prms

17

prms
20

(BOD)3 (1 e5k )
(1 e

3k

200 (1 e50.22 )
(1 e30.22 )

BOD5 276.16 mg / L
53.

The critical flow ratios for a three-phase signal


are found to be 0.30, 0.25 and 0.25. The total
time lost in the cycle is 10 s. Pedestrian
crossing at this junction are not significant.
The respective Green times (expressed in
seconds and rounded off to the nearest integer)
for the three phases are

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18

GATE-2016 Exam. Questions & Solutions


(Civil Engineering Set-2 Session-7)

(A) 34, 28 and 28

Ans.

(B) 40, 25 and 25

3
1

2
2
f mg mg 10 l 2 m (V1 V2 )

(C) 40, 30 and 30


(D) 50, 25 and 25

V 2 V22
3

g 1
fg
100
2

Ans. (A)
Cycle length

l =

C =

1.5 L 5
, L = 10 sec
1 y

V12 V22
3 g

2 fg
100

= 0.3 + 0.25 + 0.25


1.5 10 5
100 sec
1 0.8
Green times

55.

(C L)y A
(100 10) 0.3
GA = y y y
0.8
A
B
c

(C L)yB
(100 10) 0.25

yA yB y
0.8

Option A

A motorist travelling at 100 km/h on a highway


needs to take the next exist, which has a
speed limit of 50 km/h. The section of the
roadway before the ramp entry has a downgrade
of 3% and coefficient of friction (f) is 0.35. In
order to enter the ramp at the maximum
allowable speed limit, the braking distance
(expressed in m) from the exist ramp is _____.

rh2
d = Hh
av

d relief displacement
112.5 82.40
30.1mm

IE

54.

34,28,28

= 28.125 28 sec

Ans.

= 33.75 34 sec
CB =

A tall tower was photographed from an elevation


of 700 m above the datum. The radial distance
of the top and bottom of the tower from the
principal points are 112.50 mm and 82.40 mm,
respectively. If the bottom of the tower is at an
elevation 250 m above the datum, then the
height (expressed in m) of the tower is _____.

C=

= 0.8

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5
5

100 18 50 18


92.173 m
3

2 9.81 0.35
100

y = y A + yB + y c

30.1=

112.5 h2
700 250

h2 = 120.4 m
Height of tower = 120.4 m

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