Sample Examination #1
Closed book and notes. Calculators permitted
For full marks you must a) insert relevant diagrams, b) explain in a few words what you are doing, c) present solutions neatly, d) indicate units where relevant, e) carry 3 significant figures.
1.
The force F has a magnitude of 80 lb and acts within the volume shown.
Determine the magnitudes of the x , y , and z components of F.
(15 points)
Write down the direction cosines first, and use them to find the magnitudes. We have α , β , but no γ yet, so start by finding γ .

cos 2 α + cos 2 β +cos 2 γ 
= 1 
∴ (0.25 + 0.5 + cos 2 γ ) 
= 1 
∴ γ = 60° also
Now magnitudes are
F
F
F
_{x}
_{y}
_{z}
= 80 cos 60°= 40 lb = 80 cos 45°= 56.6 lb = 80 cos 60°= 40 lb
2.
Determine the magnitude of the projected component of force F along the pole.
(15 points)
This is one of the uses of the dot product! we need a unit vector along AO?
AO = [3i + 2j 6k]
and its magnitude is
We need 2 vectors and only have 1: so
3 2 + 2 2 + 6 2

= 
7 
so a unit vector along AO is 
= 
1/7[3i + 2j 6k] 
and the dot product is F. AÔ 
= 
20x3/7 + 50x2/7  10x6/7 
= 
60/7 + 100/7 + 60/7 
=31.4 lb
3.
Determine the stretch in each of the two springs required to hold the 20 kg crate in
the equilibrium position shown. Each spring has an unstretched length of 2m and a stiffness of k = 300N/m. (20 points)
_{F}
F
F
F
OC
_{O}_{A}
_{O}_{B}
_{=}
=
=
=
6i + 4j + 12k
_{2}
_{F} OC
6 2 + 4 2 + 12  F _{O}_{A} j  F _{O}_{B} i
 196.2k
= 3/7 F _{O}_{C} i + 2/7 F _{O}_{C} j + 6/7 F _{O}_{C} k
and ΣF = 0
Equating i, j, and k components
3/7 F _{O}_{C}  F _{O}_{B} = 0 2/7 F _{O}_{C}  F _{O}_{A} = 0 6/7 F _{O}_{C}  196.2 = 0and solving, we have
F _{O}_{C} = 228.9 N
and F _{O}_{B} = 98.1 N and
F _{O}_{A} = 65.4 N
Then using the spring formula, s = F/k:
s
s
_{O}_{B}
_{O}_{A}
= 98.1/300 
= 
0.327m 
= 65.4/300 
= 
0.218m 
4.
Two men exert forces of F = 80 lb and P = 50 lb on the ropes. Determine the
moment of each force about A. Will the pole rotate clockwise or counterclockwise? (20 points)
P and F both can be resolved into vertical and horizontal components. The vertical components pass through A and contribute zero moment. Therefore, we only consider the horizontal components.
ΣM
ΣM
_{P}
_{F}
= P . cos 45° . 18 
= 
636 ft.lb 
(acw) 

= F . 4/5 .12 
= 
768 ft.lb 
(cw) 
ΣM _{T}_{O}_{T}_{A}_{L}
= 636

768
= clockwise
(or, using r ^ F, for force F,
so
r
F = 80 4/5 i  80 3/5 j + 0k
= 0i + 12j + 0k
r ^ F 
= 
i 
j 
k 
0 
12 
0 

64 
48 
0 

= 
0i + 0j  768k 

= 
768 lb.ft 
c.w. 
= 132 ft.lb
same approach for the other force, P, then find resultant to see if it is cw ( ve) or acw (+ve)
Other questions that might have been asked
A. Determine the coordinate direction angles of F _{1} and F _{R} . (15 points)
Unit vector of F _{1} and F _{R} ??
u
u
_{F}_{1}
_{F}_{R}
=
4/5 i + 3/5 k =
0.8i + 0.6k
=
= 0.3536i + 0.6124j + 0.707k
cos 45° sin 30° i + cos 45° cos 30° j + cos 45° j
So the coordinate direction angles are:
F
F
_{1}
_{R}
cos α = 0.8, ∴ α 
= 
36.9° 

cos β 
= 0 
∴ β 
= 
90° 

cos γ 
= 0.6 
∴ γ 
= 
53.1° 

cos α = 0.3536 
∴ α 
= 
69.3° 

cos β = 0.6124 
∴ β 
= 
52.2° 

cos γ = 0.707 
∴ γ 
= 
45° 
B. Determine the moment created by the force F = [50i + 100j  50k] N, acting at D ,
(20 points)
about each of the joints at B and C.
To find moments, use M = r ^ F where r = each r in turn.
r
_{B}_{D}
r
_{C}_{D}
M
_{B}
M
_{C}
= (0.75i + 0j  0.3k) m
= (0.75i + 1.25j  0.3k)
= 
i 
j 
k 
= {30i + 22.5j + 75k} N.m 
0.75 
0 
0.3 

50 
100 
50 

= 
= {32.5i + 22.5j + 12.5k} N.m 
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