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Sample Examination #1

Closed book and notes. Calculators permitted

For full marks you must a) insert relevant diagrams, b) explain in a few words what you are doing, c) present solutions neatly, d) indicate units where relevant, e) carry 3 significant figures.

words what you are doing, c) present solutions neatly, d) indicate units where relevant, e) carry

1.

The force F has a magnitude of 80 lb and acts within the volume shown.

Determine the magnitudes of the x , y , and z components of F.

(15 points)

of the x , y , and z components of F . (15 points) Write down

Write down the direction cosines first, and use them to find the magnitudes. We have α , β , but no γ yet, so start by finding γ .

cos 2 α + cos 2 β +cos 2 γ = 1

cos 2 α + cos 2 β +cos 2 γ

= 1

(0.25 + 0.5 + cos 2 γ )

= 1

∴ γ = 60° also

Now magnitudes are

F

F

F

x

y

z

= 80 cos 60°= 40 lb = 80 cos 45°= 56.6 lb = 80 cos 60°= 40 lb

2.

Determine the magnitude of the projected component of force F along the pole.

(15 points)

projected component of force F along the pole. (15 points) This is one of the uses

This is one of the uses of the dot product! we need a unit vector along AO?

AO = [-3i + 2j -6k]

and its magnitude is

We need 2 vectors and only have 1: so

3 2 + 2 2 + 6 2
3 2 + 2 2 + 6 2

=

7

so a unit vector along AO is

=

1/7[-3i + 2j -6k]

and the dot product is F.

=

-20x-3/7 + 50x2/7 - 10x-6/7

=

60/7 + 100/7 + 60/7

=31.4 lb

3.

Determine the stretch in each of the two springs required to hold the 20 kg crate in

the equilibrium position shown. Each spring has an unstretched length of 2m and a stiffness of k = 300N/m. (20 points)

length of 2m and a stiffness of k = 300N/m. (20 points) F F F F

F

F

F

F

OC

OA

OB

=

=

=

=

6i + 4j + 12k

2

2

F OC

6 2 + 4 2 + 12 - F OA j - F OB i

- 196.2k

= 3/7 F OC i + 2/7 F OC j + 6/7 F OC k

and ΣF = 0

Equating i, j, and k components

3/7 F OC - F OB = 0 2/7 F OC - F OA = 0 6/7 F OC - 196.2 = 0and solving, we have

F OC = 228.9 N

and F OB = 98.1 N and

F OA = 65.4 N

Then using the spring formula, s = F/k:

s

s

OB

OA

= 98.1/300

=

0.327m

= 65.4/300

=

0.218m

4.

Two men exert forces of F = 80 lb and P = 50 lb on the ropes. Determine the

moment of each force about A. Will the pole rotate clockwise or counterclockwise? (20 points)

the pole rotate clockwise or counterclockwise? (20 points) P and F both can be resolved into

P and F both can be resolved into vertical and horizontal components. The vertical components pass through A and contribute zero moment. Therefore, we only consider the horizontal components.

ΣM

ΣM

P

F

= P . cos 45° . 18

=

636 ft.lb

 

(acw)

= F . 4/5 .12

=

-768 ft.lb

(cw)

ΣM TOTAL

= 636

-

768

= clockwise

(or, using r ^ F, for force F,

so

r

F = 80 4/5 i - 80 3/5 j + 0k

= 0i + 12j + 0k

r ^ F

=

i

j

k

 

0

12

0

64

-48

0

 

=

0i + 0j - 768k

=

768 lb.ft

c.w.

= -132 ft.lb

same approach for the other force, P, then find resultant to see if it is cw (- ve) or acw (+ve)

Other questions that might have been asked

A. Determine the coordinate direction angles of F 1 and F R . (15 points)

direction angles of F 1 and F R . (15 points) Unit vector of F 1

Unit vector of F 1 and F R ??

u

u

F1

FR

=

4/5 i + 3/5 k =

0.8i + 0.6k

=

= 0.3536i + 0.6124j + 0.707k

cos 45° sin 30° i + cos 45° cos 30° j + cos 45° j

So the coordinate direction angles are:

F

F

1

R

cos α = 0.8, ∴ α

 

=

36.9°

cos β

= 0

∴ β

=

90°

cos γ

= 0.6

∴ γ

=

53.1°

cos α = 0.3536

∴ α

=

69.3°

cos β = 0.6124

∴ β

=

52.2°

cos γ = 0.707

∴ γ

=

45°

B. Determine the moment created by the force F = [50i + 100j - 50k] N, acting at D ,

(20 points)

about each of the joints at B and C.

at D , (20 points) about each of the joints at B and C. To find

To find moments, use M = r ^ F where r = each r in turn.

r

BD

r

CD

M

B

M

C

= (0.75i + 0j - 0.3k) m

= (0.75i + 1.25j - 0.3k)

=

i

j

k

= {30i + 22.5j + 75k} N.m

0.75

0

-0.3

50

100

-50

=

= {-32.5i + 22.5j + 12.5k} N.m