Comparative and Superlative Adverbs

Miss Cinthia Zapata

What is an adverb?
Adverbs describe verbs, other adverbs or adjectives. He works hard. He runs very fast. She is extremely polite. Adverbs usually go after verbs. also go She spoke softly. They can

before verbs (frequency adverbs).

What is an adverb?
We usually form an adverb by adding –ly to the adjective.
dangerous – dangerously quick – quickly terrible – terribly fluent – fluently bad – badly easy – easily happy – happily nervous - nervously

What is an adverb?
Some adverbs have either a totally different form or the same form as the adjective.

Adjective
good fast hard early late

Adverb
well fast hard early late

Note: The following words end in –ly but they are adjectives: friendly, lonely, silly, ugly. He is a friendly person.

Exercise 1 Turn the adjectives in brackets into adverbs to complete the sentences.

1.

loudly Why are you talking so (loud)___________?
It is snowing (heavy)___________ today. heavily The trees are shaking (violent)__________ in violently the wind. Make sure you drive (careful)__________ carefully today. It’s (fresh)___________ground coffee. freshly

2. 3.

7.

8.

Comparative and Superlative Adverbs
Comparative and Superlative adverbs are used to show what one thing does better or worse than the other. When an adverb ends in -ly, more is put in front of the adverb. For example: "Jill did her homework more frequently."

Comparative and Superlative Adverbs
To make the comparative of an adverb if it has the same form as an adjective add -er at the end. For example: "Jill did her homework faster."

The following irregular adverbs are exceptions to this rule: 'well' becomes 'better' 'badly' becomes 'worse' 'little' becomes 'less' For example: "Jill was better." "Jack was worse." "To lose weight you need to eat less."

Comparative and Superlative Adverbs

Comparative and Superlative Adverbs
When comparing two things you need to put than between the adverb and what is being compared. For example: "Jill did her homework faster than Jack." "Jill did her homework more frequently than Jack."

-LY Adverbs

Comparative and Superlative Adverbs
carefully more carefully carefully slowly more slowly most slowly

the most More and most are the used with adverbs that end in -ly the The –er and –est forms the are used with one syllable adverbs. the the

One syllable adverbs

fast fastest hard hardest

faster harder

Irregular advers

well best badly worse

better worse

Fill in the correct adverb form (comparative or superlative) of the adjectives in brackets.
1.

I speak Englishmore fluently (fluent)____________now than last most politely year. She greeted me more happily (polite)_____________of all. most gracefully She smiled (happy)_______________than before. more clearly This girl dances (graceful)_____________of all.

2.

3.

4.

6.

Planes can fly higher (high)_______________than birds.

7.

He had an accident last year. Now, he drives
more carefully

(careful)________________than before.
8.

faster

Jim can run (fast)______________than John.
harder

worst

9.

Our team played