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LTE eRAN2.

1 Power Control Feature

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

LTE systems use the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) technique on
the downlink and the Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA)
technique on the uplink. With these techniques, the subcarriers of UEs in a cell are
orthogonal. Power control compensates for path loss and shadow fading and counteracts
interference between cells. In LTE systems, power control is performed on eNodeBs and
UEs.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

Ensure quality of service

Power control adjusts the transmit power to the optimal level to provide services of
a certain quality level that meets the requirement for the BLER.

Reduce interference

Power control reduces interference in a cell, which mainly comes from neighboring
cells.

Lower power consumption

Uplink power control lowers the power consumption of UEs, and downlink power
control lowers the power consumption of eNodeBs.

Expand coverage and capacity

Downlink power control allocates different power to different UEs to meet


requirements for coverage. In addition, downlink power control reduces the
transmit power allocated to each UE to a minimum, so that the allocated power
meets the requirement for the signal-to-interference-and-noise ratio (SINR). In this
way, downlink power control expands system capacity.

Interference to neighboring cells mainly comes from UEs on cell edges. To reduce
interference, uplink power control uses a technique known as Fractional Power
Control (FPC) to lower the interference to neighboring cells, thereby increasing
network capacity.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

Downlink power control is achieved through fixed power assignment or dynamic power
control.

Fixed power assignment

Fixed power assignment is applicable to the cell-specific reference signal,


synchronization signal, PBCH, PCFICH, and the PDCCH and PDSCH that carry
common information of the cell. Users configure fixed power based on channel
quality. The configured power must meet the requirements for the downlink
coverage of the cell.

Dynamic power control

Dynamic power control is applicable to the PHICH and the PDCCH and PDSCH that
carry dedicated information sent to UEs. Dynamic power control lowers
interference, expands cell capacity, and increases coverage while meeting users'
QoS requirements. However, these channels can also support fix power assignment,
and in fact, this is our recommendation because the AMC function can also meet
the requirement of QoS

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

The cell-specific reference signal is transmitted in all downlink subframes. The signal serves
as a basis for downlink channel estimation, which is used for data demodulation.

The power for the cell-specific reference signal is set through the ReferenceSignalPwr
parameter, which indicates the Energy Per Resource Element (EPRE) of the cell-specific
reference signal.

Related command: MOD PDSCHCFG

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

The synchronization signal is used for cell search and system synchronization. There are
two types of synchronization signals, the Primary Synchronization Channel (P-SCH) and the
Secondary Synchronization Channel (S-SCH).

The offset of the power for the P-SCH and S-SCH against the power for the cell-specific
reference signal is set through the SchPwr parameter.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

On the PBCH, broadcast messages are sent in each frame. The messages carry the basic
system information of the cell, such as the cell bandwidth, antenna configuration, and
frame number.

The offset of the power for the PBCH against the power for the cell-specific reference
signal is set through the PbchPwr parameter.

The PCFICH carries the number of OFDM symbols used for PDCCH transmission in a
subframe. The PCFICH is always mapped to the first OFDM symbol of each subframe.

The power for the PCFICH is set through the PcfichPwr parameter, which indicates an
offset of the power for the PCFICH against the power for the cell-specific reference signal.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

Related command: MOD CELLCHPWRCFG

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

Power control for the PHICH is set through the DlPcAlgoSwitch parameter

When the PhichInnerLoopPcSwitch parameter under DlPcSwitch is set to ON, the


transmit power for the PHICH is periodically adjusted to adapt to change in path loss and
shadow shading according to the difference between the estimated SINRRS and SINRTarget.

When the switches PhichInnerLoopPcSwitch under the DlPcSwitch parameter are set
to OFF, the power for PHICH is set through the PwrOffset parameter, which indicates an
offset of the power for the PHICH related to the RS power

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

When PDCCH carry the following dedicate info, power control should be performed to
ensure the receive reliability

Uplink scheduling information (DCI format 0)

Downlink scheduling information (DCI format 1/1A/1B/2/2A)

PUSCH/PUCCH TPC commands (DCI format 3/3A)

Power control for the PDCCH is set using the DlPcAlgoSwitch parameter.
When the PdcchPcSwitch parameter under DlPcAlgoSwitch is set to ON, the transmit
power for the PDCCH is periodically adjusted according to the difference between the
measured BLER and BLERTarget. If the measured BLER is greater than BLERTarget, transmit
power is increased. Otherwise, transmit power is decreased.

When the PdcchPcSwitch parameter under DlPcAlgoSwitch is set to OFF, the PDCCH
uses fixed power assignment. In this case, the offset of the power for the PDCCH against
the power for the cell-specific reference signal is set using the DediDciPwrOffset
parameter.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

The presentation of PDCCH power

Regarding power control for the PDSCH, the OFDM symbols on one slot can be
classified into two types. Above table shows the OFDM symbol indexes within a
slot where the ratio of the EPRE to the EPRE of RS is denoted by A or B.

Power control for the PDSCH determines the EPREs of different OFDM symbols using A
and B. A determines the power offset against the power for the RS when there is no
reference signal on the PDSCH, and B determines the power offset against the power for
the cell-specific reference signal when there is a reference signal on the PDSCH.

The transmit power for the two types of OFDM symbols used on the PDSCH is defined by
PPDSCH_A and PPDSCH_B. The calculation formulas are as follows:

PPDSCH_A = A + ReferenceSignalPwr

PPDSCH_B = B + ReferenceSignalPwr

A = PA. PA is sent to the UE through RRC signaling for PDSCH demodulation.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

B is determined by the power factor ratio B/A of the EPRE on the PDSCH. Above
table lists the values of the cell-specific ratio B/A for different PB values and
quantities of antenna ports. PB corresponds to the B/A on the PDSCH. PB is set
through the command MOD PDCHCFG
Pb

B /A
1 ANT port

2 or 4 ANT ports

5/4

4/5

3/5

3/4

2/5

1/2

In fact, Power control for the PDSCH is performed to determine PA for each UE.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

Power control mechanism for the PDSCH is related with the following 2 switchs

DlIcicSwitch: switch for the downlink inter-cell interference coordination (ICIC).

DlPcAlgoSwitch: switch for the PDSCH power control

If :

DL ICIC is used, then the PDSCH power control is disabled, and PDSCH power is
setting by the follow command

DLIcicAlgoSwith is off, and PdschPaAdjSwitch is on, system perform power control

DLIcicAlgoSwith is Off, and PdschPaAdjSwitch is off, PDSCH power is setting by the


follow command

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

The power for the PDSCH is determined and dynamically adjusted based on PA when the
PdschPaAdjSwitch parameter is set to ON. PPDSCH_A and PPDSCH_B, the initial transmit power
for the PDSCH, are calculated as follows:

The eNodeB receive the CQI report to estimate the SINRRS of the cell-specific
reference signal. If no CQI is reported, the default SINRRS_Initial value of the system is
used.

The transmission block (TB) size of the UE is estimated based on the QoS
information related to the UE, including the Guaranteed Bit Rate (GBR) and
Aggregate Maximum Bit Rate (AMBR).

Under the precondition that the service requirements of the UE are met and a
balance is achieved between the power usage efficiency and RB usage efficiency in
the system, the initial CQITarget is calculated based on the estimated SINRRS and the
TB size.

The initial power offset for the PDSCH, namely, PO_PDSCH, is calculated based on the
estimated SINRRS and CQITarget.

The initial transmit power for the PDSCH, namely, PPDSCH_A and PPDSCH_B, is
calculated based on PA.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

The power control interacts with the other RRM algorithm

The downlink CQI adjustment algorithm adjusts the CQI reported by the UE,
thereby adjusting the selected MCS and ensuring that the IBLER of the PDSCH
converges to IBLERTarget. In addition, the downlink CQI adjustment algorithm
provides the adjusted CQI for the downlink power control algorithm to adjust the
transmit power for the PDSCH.

The downlink ICIC algorithm informs the downlink power control algorithm of the
user type, which can be either CCU or CEU. The power control algorithm calculates
the PA based on the user type.

The downlink scheduling algorithm informs the downlink power control algorithm
of the PDCCH DCI. The power control algorithm performs power control based on
the DCI format.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

Description of each parameters:

PCMAX : The maximum transmit power of UE, 23dBm is the default value that
designed in specification

Po_pre: The target power expected by the eNodeB when the requirements for the
preamble detection performance are met and the PRACH preamble format is 0.
The initial value of is set through the PreambInitRcvTargetPwr parameter.

PL: The downlink path loss estimated by the UE. This value is obtained based on
the Reference Signal Received Power (RSRP) measurement value and the transmit
power for the cell-specific reference signal. The Alpha filtering factor for filtering
the RSRP measurement values is set through the FilterRsrp parameter.

preamble : The offset of the power for the current preamble format against
preamble format 0.

Npre: Number of times that the preamble of the UE is sent before the random access
procedure is successfully completed.
: The ramping step in power ramping of the preamble. This value is set

through the PwrRampingStep parameter.

step

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

Parameters

Description

PwrRampingStep

Indicates the power ramping step for preamble


transmission. If access through the PRACH fails after several
attempts, the power ramping step needs to be increased to
ensure successful access of the UE.

PreambInitRcvTa
rgetPwr

Indicates the preamble initial RX target power.

FilterRsrp

Indicates the alpha filtering coefficient used by the UE


during RSRP measurement for path loss estimation

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

Description of each parameters

i: The subframe number

PCMAX : The maximum transmit power of UE, 23dBm is the default value that
designed in specification

M PUSCH (i) : The PUSCH transmission bandwidth(RB number) for the this subframe
Po _ PUSCH : The receive power expected by the eNodeB. It is determined by the
eNodeB and reflects the receive power expected by the eNodeB when the
requirements for the PUSCH demodulation performance are met. The calculation
formula is as follows:

Po _ PUSCH Po _ NOMINAL _ PUSCH Po _ UE _ PUSCH

Po _ NOMINAL _ PUSCH : is the transmit power for the PUSCH expected by the eNodeB
when the correct PUSCH demodulation is ensured. It is set through the
P0NominalPUSCH parameter.

Po _ UE _ PUSCH : is the offset of the power for the UE against . This value reflects the
impact of the UE level, service type, and channel quality on the transmit power for
the PUSCH.

: is the path loss compensation factor. is set using the PassLossCoeff parameter.
PL: same meaning & setting as PRACH power control

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

TF (i) :is the offset of the power for the current MCS format against the reference
MCS format. If the DeltaMcsEnabled parameter is set to 0, TF(i) is 0. Otherwise,
the impact of TF(i) is considered.

f (i ): is the adjustment of the PUSCH transmit power of the UE. This value is
obtained based on the TPC information on the PDCCH.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

When the InnerLoopPuschSwitch parameter under UlPcAlgoSwitch is set to ON, the


eNodeB estimates the transmit power density of the UE and then periodically adjusts the
transmit power for the PUSCH to adapt to change in the channel environment based on
the difference between the estimated transmit power density and the target transmit
power density. If the estimated transmit power density is greater than the target transmit
power density, the eNodeB sends a TPC command, ordering a decrease in the transmit
power. If the estimated transmit power density is smaller than the target transmit power
density, the eNodeB sends a TPC command, ordering an increase in the transmit power.

When the OiSinrTarUpdateSwitch parameter under UlPcAlgoSwitch is set to ON, the


target transmit power density is periodically adjusted based on the OI information of the
neighboring cell and the number of RBs scheduled for the current UE. The adjustment
adapts to change in the channel environment and the interference to neighboring cell.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

When the CloseLoopSpsSwitch parameter under UlPcAlgoSwitch is set to ON, the


transmit power for the PUSCH is periodically adjusted to adapt to change in the channel
environment based on the difference between the measured IBLER and IBLERTarget. If the
measured IBLER is greater than IBLERTarget, the eNodeB sends a TPC command to the UE,
ordering an increase in transmit power. If the measured IBLER is smaller than IBLERTarget,
the eNodeB sends a TPC command to the UE, ordering a decrease in the transmit power.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

Description of each parameters

P0 _ PUCCH : is the receive power expected by the eNodeB. It s determined by the


eNodeB and is the receive power expected by the eNodeB when the requirements
for the PUCCH demodulation performance are met. The calculation formula is as
follows:

Po _ PUCCH Po _ NOMINAL _ PUCCH Po _ UE _ PUCCH

h n CQI , n HARQ : is determined by the PUCCH format. nCQI is the number of


information bits of the CQI, and it reflects the impact of the number of CQI bits of
the PUCCH on the power. nHARQ is the number of information bits of HARQ, and it
reflects the impact of the number of HARQ signaling bits of the PUCCH on the
power. It is defined in protocol.

F _ PUCCH ( F ) : reflects the transmission format of the PUCCH on the transmit


power. It is set using the DeltaFPUCCHFormat1, DeltaFPUCCHFormat1b,
DeltaFPUCCHFormat2, DeltaFPUCCHFormat2a, and DeltaFPUCCHFormat2b
parameters.

g (i ) : is the adjustment of the transmit power of the UE's PUCCH, and it is


obtained based on the TPC information on the PDCCH.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

When the InnerLoopPucchSwitch parameter under UlPcAlgoSwitch is set to ON, the


transmit power for the PUCCH is periodically adjusted to adapt to change in the channel
environment based on the difference between the measured SINR and SINRTarget. If the
measured SINR is greater than SINRTarget, the eNodeB sends a TPC command to the UE,
ordering an increase in the transmit power. If the measured SINR is smaller than SINRTarget,
the eNodeB sends a TPC command to the UE, ordering a decrease in transmit power.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

PDCCH power control configuration use the same command as PDSCH configuration.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

PREAMBLE _ Msg 3 : s the preamble delta value of Msg3. This value is set using the
DeltaPreambleMsg3 parameter.

TF (i) : is the offset of the power for the current MCS format against the reference MCS
format. If the DeltaMcsEnabled parameter is set to 0, is 0. Otherwise, the impact of is
considered.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

Parameters Description

M SRS : is the transmission bandwidth of the SRS


PSRS _ OFFSET : is the offset of the SRS power against the PUSCH power. This value is
set through the PsrsOffsetDeltaMcsDisable or PSrsOffsetDeltaMcsEnable
parameters based on different DeltaMcsEnabled values.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

The uplink power control algorithm informs the uplink scheduling algorithm of the current
UE's power headroom. The uplink scheduling algorithm determines the UE's MCS and
number of RBs based on the UE's power headroom. System throughput is maximized while
meeting the user's QoS requirements. The uplink scheduling algorithm informs the uplink
power control algorithm of the TB size and allocated RBs, so that the uplink power control
algorithm can determine the UE's power.

The random access control algorithm informs the uplink power control algorithm of the
number of times that a UE's preamble is sent. In this way, the transmit power during the
random access process is determined.

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LTE eRAN2.1 Power Control Feature

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