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A & O Centre of Excellence

Physics Year 11 Paper 2

Name:

1 Hour 30 minutes

Term 1 Exam 2015


Marks:

/40

1.

The figure above shows a graph of electric current against potential difference for three different
conductors X, Y and Z.
(a) Among the three conductors, which conductor obeys Ohms law?

[1 mark]

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(b) State Ohms law.

[2 marks]

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(c) Resistance, R is given by the formula R = V/I. What is the resistance of X when the current
flowing through it is 0.4 A? By calculation, show clearly on the graph how is the answer
obtained.

[2marks]

(d) Among X, Y and Z, which is a bulb? Explain your answer.

[2 marks]

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2.

The figure below shows an electric kettle connected to a 240 V power supply by a flexible
cable. The kettle is rated 240 V, 2500 W.

The table below shows the maximum electric current that is able to flow through wires of
various diameters.
diameter of wire /

maximum current /

mm
0.80

A
8

1.00

10

1.20

13

1.40

15

(a) What is the current flowing through the cable when the kettle is switched on?

[2 marks]

(b)Referring to the table above,


i. What is the smallest diameter wire that can be safely used for this kettle?

[1 mark]

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ii. Explain why it is dangerous to use a wire thinner than the one selected in b(i)

[3 marks]

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(c) State one precautionary measure that should be taken to ensure safe usage of the kettle.
3

[1 mark]
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(d)

Mention one fault that might happen in the cable that will cause the fuse in the plug to
melt.

[2marks]

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3. Diagram (a) and Diagram (b) show wire coils connected to the ammeters switches and d. c power
supply.

Diagram (a)

Diagram (b)

When the switch is on and iron filings of the same amount is spread on each of the cardboard
surface, the pattern of the iron filings is formed as shown in the diagrams.
(a)What is meant by magnetic field ?

[1 mark]

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(b)Using Diagram (a) and Diagram (b), compare the number of turns of the coils, the pattern of
the iron filings and angle of deflection of the ammeter indicator.

[ 3 marks]

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(c) State the relationship between the strength of the magnetic field and

[2 marks]

the pattern of the iron filings


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(ii)

the number of turn of the coils


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(d) Diagram (c) shows two thin copper strips, PQ and RS, connected to a circuit.

Diagram (c)

Explain what happens to PQ and RS , when the switch is on.

[4 marks]

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4.

The figure below shows two beams of white light which are incident on a glass prism and a
narrow slit respectively.
white light
White light

Figure 1

Figure 2

a) Complete Figure by drawing the paths of red and blue light respectively.

Screen
[4 marks]

b) State one phenomenon of figure 1 and figure 2 by drawing the paths of the red and blue light
respectively.

[1marks]

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c) State the difference of the wave properties in figure 1 and figure 2.

[2 marks]

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5.

Figure below shows an image of an unborn baby by using an ultrasound.

a) Explain how ultrasound is produced from a source.

[1 mark]

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b) Explain how ultrasound is transmitted from the body to the receiver.

[2 marks]

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c) if the frequency of the ultrasound used is 2x106Hz, calculate the wavelength of the wave in
the body. Given that the speed of ultrasound in the body is 1500ms-1.

[3 marks]

d) State one example of an electromagnetic wave that can also be used for medical imaging.
[1 mark]
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