You are on page 1of 4

# A & O Centre of Excellence

Name:

1 Hour

## Term 1 Exam 2015

Marks:

/40

1.

The figure above shows a graph of electric current against potential difference for three different
conductors X, Y and Z.
(a) Among the three conductors, which conductor obeys Ohms law?

[1 mark]

Conductor Y
(b) State Ohms law.

[2 marks]

The potential difference across a conductor is directly proportional to the current that flows
through it, if the temperature and other physical quantities are kept constant.
(c) Resistance, R is given by the formula R = V/I. What is the resistance of X when the current
flowing through it is 0.4 A? Show clearly on the graph how is the answer obtained. [2marks]
From the graph I against V;
resistance, R

1
0.11

=
= 9.09
(d) Among X, Y and Z, which is a bulb? Explain your answer.

[2 marks]

## X, because as I increases, the gradient decreases. Hence, the resistance X increases as I

increases which is a characteristic of a bulb.

2.

The figure below shows an electric kettle connected to a 240 V power supply by a flexible
cable. The kettle is rated 240 V, 2500 W.

## The table below

shows the maximum electric current that is able to flow through wires of various diameters.
diameter of wire /

maximum current /

mm
0.80

A
8

1.00

10

1.20

13

1.40

15

(a) What is the current flowing through the cable when the kettle is switched on?

[2 marks]

P = IV
I = P/V

## (b)Referring to the table above,

i. What is the smallest diameter wire that can be safely used for this kettle?

[1 mark]

1.20 mm
ii. Explain why it is dangerous to use a wire thinner than the one selected in b(i)

[3 marks]

## As resistance is inversely proportional to cross-sectional area, a thinner wire will have a

higher resistance thus the wire will become very hot. This could probably cause a fire to
break out.

(c) State one precautionary measure that should be taken to ensure safe usage of the kettle.
3

[1 mark]
Do not operate kettle with wet hands.
(d)

Mention one fault that might happen in the cable that will cause the fuse in the plug to
melt.

[2marks]

Short circuit might occur if the insulating materials of the wires in the cable are