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The main purpose of this study is to investigate how Gasoline vapours
and HHO affects the combustion and exhaust emission characteristics in
an engine. This study is focused on reducing HC and CO emissions in the
exhaust emissions by the Gasoline vapour and HHO. Today, virtually all
commercial trucks are powered by diesel fuel, while private cars are
fueled by gasoline. While these gasolineeum-based fossil fuels have
served society well for many years, their supply is limited, and their use
creates pollution that contributes to poor air quality in many areas.
Therefore, to get out of this problem, we need an alternative source.
Gasoline itself is a volatile liquid by which all the unburned hydrocarbon
molecules can also come out the tailpipe. These unburned hydrocarbons
react with nitrogen oxides the presence of sunlight to form ozone, which
is a lung irritant. The fast burning characteristics of hydrogen permit
much more satisfactory high-speed engine operation. This would allow an
increase in power output with a reduced penalty for lean mixture
operation. Also, the extremely low boiling temperature of hydrogen leads
to fewer problems encountered with cold weather operation. The
sensitivity of the oxidation reactions of hydrogen to catalytic action with
proper control can be made to serve positively towards enhancing engine
KEY WORDS: Gasoline vapour, Oxy-Hydrogen (HHO), HHO
Generator, Internal Combustion Engine (Spark Ignition System).
Project Guide
P. Naga Vishnu

Project Batch
K. Mahesh

Assistant professor

Y. Venkata Sravan kumar

Mechanical Department

J. Chenna Basava
K. Mahendra kumar
S. Veeresh


With such high demand for more efficient engines, our mission is to
design and create a device that will increase engine efficiency without
disturbing its performance. Such device is an HHO Generator. This
generator uses electric current (electrolysis) to produce hydrogen from
water; the hydrogen will be introduced into the combustion chamber of
an engine through the intake manifold.
Building this generator comes with some challenges. We need to make
sure that the amount of energy put into the cell to split the water
molecules is less than the amount of output energy of the generator. In
order to overcome this challenge we will need to make it as efficient as
possible. This includes coming up with a creative design to get as much
hydrogen out with the least amount of current running through the cell.
More concerns include implementing very conductive wires and plates
into our system. Taking these aspects into consideration will make the
HHO generator a productive addition to any internal combustion engine.
Most of the Car manufactures around the world are developing hydrogen
fueled vehicles. Mostly fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) but some
company such as BMW, Honda and Mazda are developing cars powered
by hydrogen fueled internal combustion engines (H2ICEs). Mainly due to
the high demand of oil and its main associated problems for the
environment such as air pollution and gas emissions. The only problem
with the hydrogen car is that since its not in high demand there are only
very few places where you can refuel. Thus the distance you can travel
with the vehicle is limited. Dual-fuel internal combustion engine vehicles
that combine gasoline and hydrogen could be the alternative solution to
enthusiast for speeding up the introduction of hydrogen in the vehicles.
Vehicle conversion to dual-fuel operation is technically feasible and low
The electrical power source is connected to two electrodes that are made
out of typical metal (such as stainless steel, platinum or electrolyte water,
hydrogen will be produced at the negatively charged electrode (cathode)
where the electron enters. The oxygen will be produced at the positively
charged electrode (anode).

Principle of Electrolysis

Main Parts that HHO consists:

1. Generator Cell
2. HHO Bubbler
3. Car Battery
4. IC Engine
5. Poly Tubing (2 meters)
1. Generator Cell: This Cell consists of several stainless steel plates, plastic tubes,
AVS cleaner, caps