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WELCOME STUDENTS!

INTRO TO CLASS AND SYLLABUS

GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352

HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTS /
PURPOSE AND OUTCOME

• Purpose and Outcome
• Will keep you reading through and thinking in sections or units of

“thought”
• Will familiarize you with the content of the text and the entire gospel
• Will make you think about the natural divisions in the text, like a
paragraph bible
• Will help you memorize content and placement and narrative flow

HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTS /
INSTRUCTIONS
★Read prayerfully and meditatively through the respective portion

indicated for your assignment
★Download, then copy/paste or work with the non-paragraphed text
directly in the file uploaded on Populi under the “Info” tab for this
course.
★Break the text into paragraph sections where you think the thought
changes to a new topic.
★Give each section a heading number and title (headings – 3 minimum, 5
Maximum)
★Do NOT use study helps to do this (no commentary, dictionary, study
bible etc.) Just YOU!
★Example from outline in “The Bible Knowledge Commentary”

Mark 1:1–13 (ESV)
1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
2 As it is wriFen in Isaiah the prophet, “Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your
way,
3 the voice of one crying in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight,’ ”
4 John appeared, bapTzing in the wilderness and proclaiming a bapTsm of repentance for the forgiveness of
sins.
5 And all the country of Judea and all Jerusalem were going out to him and were being bapTzed by him in the
river Jordan, confessing their sins.
6 Now John was clothed with camel’s hair and wore a leather belt around his waist and ate locusts and wild
honey.
7 And he preached, saying, “AZer me comes he who is mighTer than I, the strap of whose sandals I am not
worthy to stoop down and unTe.
8 I have bapTzed you with water, but he will bapTze you with the Holy Spirit.”
9 In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was bapTzed by John in the Jordan.
10 And when he came up out of the water, immediately he saw the heavens being torn open and the Spirit
descending on him like a dove.
11 And a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.”
12 The Spirit immediately drove him out into the wilderness.
13 And he was in the wilderness forty days, being tempted by Satan. And he was with the wild animals, and
the angels were ministering to him.

HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTS /
OUTLINING / SAMPLE FROM BKC

I. Jesus’ announcement by John the Baptist (1:1–8)
II. Jesus’ baptism by John the Baptist (1:9–11)
III. Jesus’ temptation by Satan (1:12–13)

I. Jesus’ Announcement by John the Baptist (1:1–8)
1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. 2 As it is wriFen in Isaiah the prophet, “Behold, I send my messenger
before your face, who will prepare your way, 3 the voice of one crying in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord, make his
paths straight,’ ” 4 John appeared, bapTzing in the wilderness and proclaiming a bapTsm of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 5
And all the country of Judea and all Jerusalem were going out to him and were being bapTzed by him in the river Jordan, confessing
their sins. 6 Now John was clothed with camel’s hair and wore a leather belt around his waist and ate locusts and wild honey. 7 And
he preached, saying, “AZer me comes he who is mighTer than I, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop down and
unTe. 8 I have bapTzed you with water, but he will bapTze you with the Holy Spirit.”

II.Jesus’ Baptism by John the Baptist (1:9–11)
9 In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was bapTzed by John in the Jordan. 10 And when he came up out of the
water, immediately he saw the heavens being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove. 11 And a voice came from
heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.”

III.Jesus’ Temptation by Satan (1:12–13)
12 The Spirit immediately drove him out into the wilderness. 13 And he was in the wilderness forty days, being tempted by Satan.
And he was with the wild animals, and the angels were ministering to him.

FA L L 2 0 1 6 C L A S S O N E / S E S S I O N O N E
INTRODUCTION TO THE GOSPEL OF MARK

GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352

BACKGROUND TO
THE GOSPEL OF MARK

• What do we know about the author?
• What do we know about the book itself?
• Where do we find this information?
• Scripture
• Church History

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

• What does Ancient Tradition Tell us?
• John Mark was the author of a gospel called “The Gospel of

Mark”
• Mark was a companion of the Apostle Peter at some point
during his ministry
• Mark was the young man present at Jesus’ arrest who fled the
scene naked (Mk 14:51-52)

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

• What does Scripture Tell us?
• Family
• Son of Mary of Jerusalem - apparently affluent (Acts 12:12)
• Cousin of Barnabas (Col 4:10)

ABOUT THE WRITER

• His Name
• Hebrew name was OT yōḥānān, ‘Yahweh has shown grace’ (2 Ki. 25:23)
• Later known by his Roman name Mark but first “John Mark” (Acts 12:25)
• Source for his Latin name ‘Marcus’ is uncertain – two possibilities:
• Sometimes Jewish families that had been captured as slaves in war, and later freed,

took, as ‘freedmen’, the name of the Roman family to which they had been enslaved
• Many 1st-century Jews took a Gk. or Rom. name in addition to their Heb. name, c.f.

(Acts 1:23). The same is common among Jews today.

ABOUT THE WRITER

• His Ministry
• Helped Paul and Barnabas on missionary journeys (Acts
12:25, 13:5)
• Later he is found with Paul encouraging and serving! (Col
4:10)
• He spent Years of serving with the Apostle Peter (1 Pet 5:13)
• Compiled the Gospel known by his Latin name (used for
Roman audience?)

ABOUT THE BOOK

• What does Ancient Tradition Tell us?
• Generally accepted that Peter was the primary source for

Mark (church fathers)
• Anti-Marcionite prologue, only part of which has survived, says “Mark was called

‘stumpy-fingered’ (kolobodaktylos) because his fingers were short in relation to the
rest of his body; he was Peter’s interpreter, and after Peter’s departure he committed
his Gospel to writing in the parts of Italy”

R. A. Cole, “Mark, Gospel Of,” ed. D. R. W. Wood et al., New Bible Dictionary
(Leicester, England: InterVarsity Press, 1996), 728.

ABOUT THE BOOK
• Papias Bishop of Hierapolis, (c. 140 A.D.), “This also the presbyter said: Mark,

having become the interpreter of Peter, wrote down accurately, though not indeed
in order, whatsoever he remembered of the things said or done by Christ. For he
neither heard the Lord nor followed him, but afterward, as I said, he followed
Peter, who adapted his teaching to the needs of his hearers, but with no intention
of giving a connected account of the Lord’s discourses, so that Mark committed
no error while he thus wrote some things as he remembered them. For he was
careful of one thing, not to omit any of the things which he had heard, and not to
state any of them falsely.” These things are related by Papias concerning Mark.

ABOUT THE BOOK

• Preserved in Eusebius. You–see–be–us. Church historian of

the fourth century (c. 260–c. 340), from Caesarea.

Standard Bible Dictionary (Cincinnati: Standard Publishing, 2006).

ABOUT THE BOOK

• Mark was often referred to as the gospel of Peter in

ancient writings:
• Mark’s Gospel has sometimes been popularly called
Peter’s Gospel (to be distinguished from later heretical
works with this or similar titles), not only because of
the evidence of these 2nd century writers but also
since, even if the hand be Mark’s, the voice is Peter’s
• R. A. Cole, “Mark, Gospel Of” ed. D. R. W. Wood et al., New Bible Dictionary

(Leicester, England: InterVarsity Press, 1996), 728.

ABOUT THE BOOK

• It is believed to be the first gospel written
• Likely between the death of Peter in ad 65 and the fall of Jerusalem in ad 70. To

allow use by Matthew and Luke, it could hardly be later than ad 75
• From 4th to 19th century neglected by scholars as abridgment of Matthew, but by end

of 19th century widely accepted as earliest gospel (text criticism)

ABOUT THE BOOK

• What does Scripture Tell us?
• Perspective – Subtly reveals a different target audience:
• Matthew - Jesus, the Perfect Jewish Messiah, fulfillment of O.T. prophecy (Jews)
• Mark - God's Perfect Servant – appeals to the Romans (Phil 2:7)
• Luke - the Perfect Man -(Gentiles in general)
• John - the Perfect Son of God (to Christians and to answer Greek philosophy, yet

also Jewish overtones [Hellenist Jews?] )

ABOUT THE BOOK

• Characteristics:
• Mark is the shortest and simplest of all the Gospels
• No genealogy, background, little of His teaching, emphasis on actions
• Style of 'immediacy' moves things forward quickly (immediately 41 times)
• Only two references to Old Testament (1:2-3; 15:28) - not typical for gospels:
• Matthew (65 references to O.T.)
• Luke (28 references to O.T.)
• John (65 references to O.T.)

ABOUT THE BOOK

• Uniqueness - Inclusion of Latin words not in other

gospels:
• Executioner = σπεκουλάτωρ (6:27)
• Pots = ξέστης (7:4)
• Penny = κοδράντης (12:42)
• Centurion = κεντυρίων (15:39, 44, 45)

ABOUT THE BOOK

• Explanations – Aramaic words and Jewish customs
• Name Boanerges (3:17)
• Talitha Kum (5:41)
• Hand washing custom of the Jewish Elders (7:1-4)
• Corban for the Temple (7:11)
• Ephphatha (7:34)
• Passover Lamb (14:12)
• Day of Preparation (15:42)

FA L L 2 0 1 6 C L A S S O N E / S E S S I O N O N E
INTRODUCTION TO THE GOSPEL OF MARK

GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352

M A R K 1 : 1 - 8 “ J O H N P R E PA R E S T H E W AY ”

GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352

T H E G O S P E L O F J E S U S C H R I S T V. 1

• The Beginning
• Reference to when the proclamaTon of the gospel of Jesus began
• **Differences of Mark’s beginning compared to other gospels
• **PersonaliTes and style remain yet one coherent message

T H E G O S P E L O F J E S U S C H R I S T V. 1

• The Gospel (τοῦ εὐαγγελίου) = Good news
• Reward for good news – related to “angelos” (messenger)
• The report of Jesus' life and work – now means "Good news” (message)

T H E G O S P E L O F J E S U S C H R I S T V. 1

• Jesus Christ the Son of God
• This name explains why the news is good and points to the book’s theme
• Christ = not a last name but a Ttle (χριστὸς) "anointed one”
• Mark is only synopTc to call Jesus "Son of God" [Gabriel announces it (Lk 1:35)]

AS IT IS WRITTEN IN THE PROPHET 2-3

• Prophet Isaiah
• MenTons Isaiah but there are two? (Mal 3:1, Isa 40:3)
• NoTce this news is not a new revelaTon but is rooted in Holy Scriptures
• To understand Christ we must look to the OT as the foundaTon (Jn 5:39)

AS IT IS WRITTEN IN THE PROPHET 2-3

• Prepare the Way
• Roads and people for a royal visit – this is both logisTcal and personal
• Appropriate in preparaTon for Jesus – how was John preparing way?
• Be encouraged if you just “Prepare” way – it is a CRUCIAL important part!

JOHN THE MESSENGER 4-8

• His Title and Ministry 4-5
• John the BapTst – His name is a verb (ὁ βαπτίζων) “the bapTzing one”
• John was proclaiming = declaring out loud with powerful public preaching
• NoTce word order = “bapTsm of [repentance for the forgiveness of sins]”

JOHN THE MESSENGER 4-8

• His Clothing and Demeanor 6
• John was clothed with Camel hair – sound familiar?
• They answered him, “He wore a garment of hair, with a belt of leather about his

waist.” And he said, “It is Elijah the Tishbite.” (2 Kings 1:8)
• Locusts and wild honey – diet of the desert and those protesTng indulgence
• John stood out even in NT Tmes – His message was audible and visible

JOHN THE MESSENGER 4-8

• His Character and Message 7-8
• AZer him would come One mighTer (stronger) - I love this quality about John
• But “HE” will come with a bapTsm of Spirit – what contrast is John making?

M A R K 1 : 1 - 8 “ J O H N P R E PA R E S T H E W AY ”

GOSPEL OF MARK

NT352