You are on page 1of 6

23 , 3

Vol. 23 No . 3
2006 6 Science , Technology and Dialectics J un. ,2006

1 ,2
( 1. ;2. , 030006)

: , ,
, ,

: ; ; ;
:N02 :A :1003 - 5680 ( 2006) 03 - 0062 - 05

, , ,


, ,

, (

[1]

,

[ 2 ] ,

, : ,

2005 - 12 - 27

( 04J ZD0004)
( 1976 - ) , , , 2003 ,
, ;
( 1952 - ) , , , , , , ,

62

, ,

, , ,

, (

[3]

) ,

, ,

, ,

[4]

, t

, t

; ,

t t

,t

, ,

, t

[5]

, ,

, ,

, :

: , ,

; ,

; , ,

, ,

, ,

1962

2001 ,

( William Paterson University)

63

( Charles Steinhart) ,

, (

, :

, )

, ,

, ,

; ,

, ,

, :



, :

, (Bipin Indurkhya )

W ,x y ,

W S T , x T y S

: A B

,; A F

,; A K

,; ,

; A B
,

; A Vs B

, V ,A

[7]

,

B ,

, ,

[6]

, ,

, ,

, ,

, ,

[8]

, , ,

, ,

, ,



,
,
, ,
[9]

64

[ 13 ]

, ,

; ,

, ( Lakoff & Johnson)

, ,

, ( Mulaik)

[ 14 ]

, :

(


)

, , ; ,

, ,

[ 10 ]

[ 15 ]

,


[ 11 ]

: ,

[ 12 ]

[ 16 ]


,

,


,
,

( ) ;

,
: ( ) (

) ( ) , ,

65

, ,

,,

, ,

, ,

, ,
, ,
[ 17 ]

[1 ] [ 2 ] Paul Ricoeur. The Rule of Metap hor : Multi2Disciplinary


Studies of t he Creation of Meaning in Language[ M ] . London

and Henley : Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd ,1978. 274


261.

[ 3 ] [ 15 ] [ 16 ] Francesco Orilia. Metap hor and Trut h2maker [J ] .

, :

Journal of Philosop hical Research ,Volume xxvi ,USA ,2001.


, ,

120 - 121
113
121.

[ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 19 ] Richard Boyd. Metap hor and Theory Change : What

ismetap hora metap hor for ? [ A ] . Metap hor and Thought

[ C] . Andrew Ortony ed. . Cambridge : Cambridge University

? , ,

Press ,1993. 493


528
493.

[ 6 ] Eric Charles Steinhart . The Logic of Metap hor [ M ] . Dor2

, :

drecht/ Boston/ London : Kluwer Academic Publishers ,2001.



-
[ 18 ]

,
,

,
, ,
,

,
,
,

[ 19 ]

31 - 32.
[7 ]Bipin Indurkhya. Metap hor and Cognition :An Interactionist
Approach[ M ] . Dordrecht/ Boston/ London : Kluwer Academic
Publishers ,1992. 288.
[ 8 ] .
[ M ] .

: ,2002. 235.
[ 9 ] . [ M ] . . :

,1998. 144 - 145.


[ 10 ]
. [ M ] . . :

,2002. 87.
[ 11 ] . [J ] . ,
2004 ( 2) .
[ 12 ] , . [J ] . ,
2005 ( 3) .
[ 13 ] . : [ M ] . :

,1999. 261
278.

[ 14 ]Stanley A. Mulaik. The Metap horic Origins of Objectivi2


ty , Subjectivity , and Consciousness in t he Direct Percep2
tion of Reality[J ] . Philosop hy of science ,62 ( 1995) ,283.

[17 ] [ 18 ] .

[ A ] . : 2002

[ C] .

66

( )

The Doma in of Exposition , Subject and Basic Method : where will the philosophy of science move to2
wards ?
ZHAO Yue - hong
54
In our time , t he p hilosop hy of science faces t he straits. The first reason is t hat people mix science and technology
wit h different cultural feature on t he domain of exposition. The second one is t hat t he orientation of t he domain of exposi2
tion of subject is too narrow. The constructions of t he p hilosop hy of science towards t he routes of t he scientific sociology ,
t he scientific culture and t he p hilosop hy of language have rationality and legality , but all of t hem have narrow - minded2
ness. This paper tries to probe t he new way of t he construction of t he p hilosop hy of science.

Practice as the Solution to Rational Crisis and Representation Problem

XIN G Dong - mei


57

Bot h traditional science realism and social constructivism share t he same representativism ,that leads the debate ofreal2
ism vs antirealismto therational crisis. Traditional science realism treats scientists asrational dopeand social constructivism
treats scientists asinterest dope. Their common representivism presupposition results science research deeply plunge into the
methodological horrorthat worries about whether or not the cognition could reflect the world truthfully.

Metaphor and Scientif ic Real ism

AN J un , GUO Gui - chun


62

Based on t he context of contemporary headway of scientific realism , t he issues of relationship between metap hor and
reference , metap hor and logic are discussed in t his paper. After t hat , t he aut hor introduces a sort of metap hor - based re2
alism , and an analysis on a typical case of metap horically constructed scientific realism is considered also.

On Peter Gal isons Trading Zone Theory

HON G Jin ,WAN G Kai


67

By putting forward his Trading Zone t heory , Peter Galison argues t hat t he disunity of scientific structure , which is
demonstrated by it
s subcultures and t he local coordination among t hem occuring wit hin t he area of t he trading zone , un2
dergirds t he strengt h and stability of science. This article review some intriguing literature regarding t his t heory , while
systematically analyzing its effects.

On the Region of Philosophy of Social Science

YIN Jie
71

This dissertation analyses t he root of positivism in western t hought ,and main ideas of positivism ,which include em2
piricism ,unifying science and value - free. Based t his idea ,it reveals t he background of post - positivism p hilosop hy of so2
cial science ,introduces four concepts and mostly six regions in p hilosop hy of social science. This dissertation points t hat ,
studying p hilosop hy of social science ,for clarifying t he function of p hilosop hy in social science ,enhancing self - awareness
of met hodology in social science , re - orienting t he relation between social science and natural science , has an important
epistemological significance.

The Technique Yardstick of Human Wealth

SHAN G Dong - tao


76

In t he intrinsic identical significance of wealt h and in human


s nature , t he history of t he human or humanity is t he
history of wealt h. The different wealt h time finally belongs to t he different technical time. The natural resourceof
Mot her in t he wealt h,workofwealt h general possibility, t he working time in impoverished foundation ,machine
timeandt he free timeof its value equally in wealt h hereafter ,t he wealt h holdsand so on , t he wealt h history is t he
wealt h symbol of technical history , t he technology is criterion of t he human wealt h , and is t he human
s first wealt h. un2
der t heeconomical globalizationperson
s development of supporting in t he fundamentals in t he wealt h development or
t he reasonable orientation of t he powerful nation road , only rely on technical innovation in t he true significance , gradually
holds t he technology competitive advantage as soon as possible.

On Technological Choice under the Visual Field of Circular Economy

YI Xian - fei ,et al


80

Circular economy has become t he core of economical and social development . Under t he background t he traditional
t heory of technological choice which focuses on economical benefit has not fit t he demands of t he development of modern

111